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among them.”

of allah! encouraging the Mussulmen, erects intrenchments, which the last has and causing dismay among the Christians; only to man in occupying its camp. add to that, the cutting off of heads, and " Let it be forbidden in the army to the whole is, I think, terrifick enough. pronounce the word Neboïssé, which How in the name of wonder, could my

means do not be afraid; and which the father and three uncles, who fought Turks, who are by no means jocose, against the Turks, say, that their order

pronounce in cutting off a head. I have of march resembled the flight of geese, remarked, that this word has an astonishthat it was shaped like a pig's head, ing effect on Christians. Let the soldier or like the cuneus of the ancients? thus

be told beforehand of the yells of the infidels, of their ridiculous prancing, which is useless against us, and hurtful to them. With my regulations, we might easily suffer ourselves to be surrounded by those clouds of spahis [horse soldiers] who buzz about like wasps.

“ Coolness is necessary when in preI have seen nothing which could in- sence of any troops in the world; but duce the idea that the like ever existed

more especially when before these people;

for when the head of an opponent is moIn the next letter addressed to the rally gone, it is soon physically gone also. same gentleman, also dated from Whatever has been said of their opium, Oczakow, 1st September 1788, the and of the fury it excites, is an idle tale. prince de Ligne enters into some

Officers may, perhaps, use it, sometimes,

but it is too dear for the common Turk; further details on the same subject; and I have never seen one who had taken to which he adds his sentiments on

any. the means of enabling the Christians “ The mein and dress of the haughty to fight the infidels on better terms. Ottoman are more dignified than the awk. This last part has been a good deal ward air, and very often hang dog looks abridged by the editor, through fear of Christians. The Turks are, `at the of mistakes. And we shall omit it

same time, the most dangerous, and the

most contemptible enemy in the world. altogether, when not intimately con

Dangerous when they attack; contemptinected with our object, which is to ble, when they are anticipated. O:1 heights, convey information on the mode of and in woods, they have had, till now, Turkish warfare.

the advantage over us; because they run They run, they climb, they leap, to the attack with confidence, knowing

, because they are lightly clad, and lightly that we have none ourselves when we are ármed. The weight carried by the stupid thus situated. They have two excellent Christians, reduces them to the bare pow

customs : one is, to get the intrenchments er of moving. I had been told that the of their camps raised by the spahis, as I Turks fought with their arms naked, to

mentioned before : and the other is, to have a free use of them, and to cut off dig holes in the ground, or within an in. heads more dexterously. But this may

trenchment, to shelter themselves from be more naturally accounted for. They

cannon balls. Every man has his hole, wear neither shirts nor stockings. They where he remains till the firing is over. are often even without shoes ; and except “ It is impossible to say positively, which a small waistcoat, and large drawers, is infantry and which is cavalry. The they are quite naked, no doubt, to be more spahi who has lost his horse, runs and active in the warm countries, where they mixes with the infantry; and the foot solcarry on war. Nevertheless, as they are dier who has either won, or taken, or not famous for foresight, they are not bought a horse, finds his rank among the otherwise clad in the coldest weather, spahis. In consequence, these last are when they are shut up in their towns, or excellent marksmen; and whenever theg during a winter campaign.

can fire with effect, they use their mus“ Let us have tents as well contrived kets a great deal; but they do not set as those of the Mussulmen; the same about it like our Christian cavalry, which faith, if possible, in predestination ; and is always in the wrong, when it has relet us try to give the same tools to caval- course to that weapon. The spahi alights ry, which moving faster than infantry, nimbly from his horse, fires his piece

;

and springs again on horseback with great tacking the boats on the Danube, and agility.

celebrating their festivals, by firing The reason why we often witness deeds their great guns with balls, which of heroick bravery from the Mussulman, is, because he never fights, but when he reached the Austrian camp. The has a mind to it. It is only when in good prince de Ligne was not behindhand health, in good humour, and after having in this kind of merriment, which daken his coffee, that he prepares his was considered by the Turks as a arms for battle. He even waits often for matter of course'; and the death of a a fine day, and for a vivifying sun. In the beginning of the siege, I used to get

few spectators killed in these delightup at break of day; which, in our Euro- ful feux de joie, did not occasion the pean armies is often the time chosen for smallest complaint. enterprises. Now, I rest at my ease. The The following is a letter from the fashionables, easily distinguished by their prince giving a lively picture of Turks beautiful horses and the striking colours ish manners and scenery. of their dresses, never issue out before ten, to engage in battle. During the

Parthenizza. whole siege, the Turks only undertook - From the silver shores of the Black one trifling operation by night ; and then, Sea—from the banks of the largest rivulet probably, because they wanted a gene- which receives all the torrents of Fezetral's head, which they accordingly took terdan :—from under the shade of the from M. Maximovitī.

two largest walnut-trees in existence, and “Their artillery, in sieges, is worked by which certainly are coeval with the world : the first soldiers who get up, and who go from the foot of a rock, near which and fire their pieces by way of amuse- still stands a column, the melancholy rement. The Turks, owing to their instinct, main of the temple of Diana, celebrated which is often preferable to the boaster for the sacrifice of Iphigenia :-from the systematick sense of the Christians, are left side of the rock from which Thoas extremely handy, and capable of perform- precipitated strangers into the sea ; in ing the operations of war in all its branches; short--from the finest and most interesting but, the first impulse only is in their fa- spot of the whole world, am I writing vour: they are not susceptible of a this letter to you. cond thought. And after that lucid mo- " I am seated on Turkish cushions, and znent, of which they make a tolerably fair on Turkish carpets; surrounded by Tarand proper use, they become a compound tars, who gaze on me, while writing, and of childhood and madness.

lift their eyes in admiration, as if I were “ Their religious phrenzy increases in a second Mahomed. proportion to danger. Their eries of Hechter My eye reaches the happy shores of Allah! [that is, one only God!) augment ancient Idalia, and the coast of Natolia ; daily, and the besiegers are sure not to the blossoms of the fig, the palm, the be heard, whatever noise they make in olive, the cherry and the apricot trees, opening the trenches. They are never perfume the air with their fragrance, and disturbed the first night, which surcly is shelter me from the rays of the sun ; the the most interesting.”

surge rolls diamond pebbles at my feet. The prince de Ligne had after. On turning myself round, I discern through wards the command of an

the foliage, the shelving habitations of the

army kind of savages around me, who are deepagainst these very Turks, which he ly engaged in smoking on their flat roofs, had so accurately observed. And he which they use as drawing rooms. I perhad a considerable share in retriev- ceive their cemetery, which, owing to the ing the honour of the Austrian arms, situation always chosen by Mussulmen for and in conquering Belgrade. His that purpose, presents an idea of the Ely

sian fields. This cemetery is on the banks correspondence during that cam

of the rivulet I mentioned before ; but on paign, contains some curious speci. the very spot where its stream is the most mens of official communications, be- impeded by pebbles; this rivulet widens tween the commanders of the hostile a little half way down the sloping hill, armies during a kind of armistice, and then flows gently by the roots of fruit which did not prevent the Turks trees, which lend their hospitable shade from now and then cutting off a departed is marked by tombstones crown

to the dead. The peaceful abode of the fuiy heads in the Austrian lines, at- ed with turbans, some of which are gilt;

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and by a kind of cinerary urns, of marble, intentions of a prince, whose genius is but of rude workmanship. The variety of equally active and fruitful. this mortuary scene, while it excites con- « Sent to the court of France at the most templation, disinclines me from writingbrilliant age, and on the most brilliant 1 stretch on my cushions, and indulge in occasion, with the news of a victory, I meditation.

intended never to visit it again. Chance “No, all that passes in my soul cannot be brings the count d'Artois into a garrison, conceived. I feel a new existence. Es. near another where I was inspecting some caped from grandeurs, from the tumult of troops. festivity, from the fatigue of pleasure, and

• There I went with about thirty of my from their two imperial majesties of the Austrian officers, fine looking men. He west and the north, whom I have left on took notice of us ; called me; and beginthe other side of the mountains, I at last ning as a king's brother, he ended as if enjoy myself. I ask, where I am ?--by he had been my own. We drank, played, what chance I find myself here? and, and laughed. Tasting freedom for the without intending it, I review all the in- first time, he was at a loss how to enjoy consequences of my life.

it. I was charmed by that first effusion I perceive, that unable to enjoy happie of gayety, and by the sprightliness of ness but in tranquillity and independence, youth. I could not resist that ingenuousboth of which are within my reach, and ness, and that good nature which mark naturally inclined to laziness of body and his character. I must, he said, visit him of mind, I harass the one in wars, in in- at Versailles. I answered, that I should spection of troops, or in journeys, and I see him when he visited Paris; he insistexhaust the other, to please those who ed; and spoke of me to the queen, who very often are not worth the expense. ordered me to attend. The beauties of Naturally gay enough for my own satisfac- her countenance, and of her mind, both tion, I fatigue myself to enliven those who equally fair and equally unspotted, the are dull. if for an instant I am occupied charms of her society, quickly induced with a hundred things which cross my me to spend five months in every year, at mind together, they tell me, you are sad: Versailles, almost without quitting it for it is enough to make one so; or, you are a moment. The love of pleasure first tired : it is enough to make me tiresome. brought me to Versailles : gratitude in

“ I ask myself, how it came to pass, that duced me to return thither. disliking restraint, and not being fond of “Prince Henry, of Prussia, was visiting honours, riches, or favours; being duly the scenes of war. Our pursuits in phiqualified to attach no importance to those losophy, and in military affairs, were the things-nevertheless, I have spent my same; this was the first link; I followed life at court in all the countries of Eu- in his suite, and soon had the happiness Hope,

to find that my company was agreeable “I recollect, that some marks of a kind to him. This brought marks of favour of paternal goodness from the emperour from him, and a redoubled assiduity from Francis I. who was fond of very giddy me. Then followed a long.correspondence, young men, first attached me to him ; and a rendezvous at Spa, and at Reins. that being beloved afterwards by one of berg. bis female friends, I was long detained at A

camp of the emperour in Moravia court; for having, as a matter of course, attracted thither the then king of Prussia, bost the affections of that charming lady, and his present majesty. The first soon I retained those of our sovereign. At his perceived my enthusiastick admiration for death, I thought myself, though very great men, and induced me to visit Beryoung, a courtier of the old court; and lin. Connexions with him, the marks of I was just ready to criticise the new one favour and esteem I reccived from that without being acquainted with it, when I first of heroes, intoxicated me with glory: perceived that the young emperour knew His nephew, the prince royal, went to likewise how to be amiable ; and that he Strasburgh. We had been connected, possessed qualities which make his es. though at a distance, by some little offices teem more courted than his favour! in a love affair; by some little money, and

Having ascertained that he disliked some friendly services he had required of showing marked preferences, nothing pre- me confidentially, for the object of his vented me from indulging my inclination regard. So far from home, strangers soon for his person; while I blamed his too grow intimate, notwithstanding the dif. great haste in his operations, I could not ference of interests, of rank, and of party. avoid admiring by far the greater part of withdrew from the tender sentiments of tbem ;, and I shall always praise the good two other northern kings. The one, i

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shallow pate, soon completely unsettled was the scene of similar intrigues, both the too lively imagination of the other : in love and in politicks; every one here and thus I escaped the endless insipidity thought he was making a conspicuous which awaited me, in my intended jour. figure in the world ; but, even the name ney to Stockholm, and to Copenhagen. I of these countries, disfigured under the ransomed myself, by entertaining one of appellations of Tartary, and the Crimea, these kings; and being entertained by is now completely forgotten! What a rethe other.

flection for moralizing men! Why, then, “My son Charles married a pretty little I look around, and approve the laziness Polish lady. Her family gave us paper, of my good Mussulmen, who sit with instead of cash. They were claims on the arms folded, and legs crossed, squat and court of Russia. Passing through Poland, motionless on their fat roofs. I found I made myself, or I was made, a Poland- among them an Albanese, who knew a

A mad bishop (hanged since) uncle little of Italian. I desired him to ask them, to my daughter-in-law, conceited that I whether they were happy ? if I could do was on terms of intimacy with the em- any thing for them? and if they knew that press, because he had learnt that she had they had been given to me by the emreceived me most favourably; and he press? They answered, that they knew imagined that I should be king of Poland, generally, that they had been allotted ; were I but naturalized." What a change,' which they did not well understand ; that said he, ‘in the face of European politicks! they had been happy till now; that if their What happiness for the Lignes, and for fate should change, they would embark the Masalskys.' I laughed at him. But on board two vessels they themselves had I felt a fancy to please the nation then constructed, and seek a refuge among the assembled in diet, and by the nation I Turks in Romania. I bid the interpreter was applauded. I spoke Latin ; I kissed, tell them that I loved lazy people; but and I caressed mustachios ; I intrigued that I desired to know their means of for the king of Poland; who is himself living. They pointed at some sheep lyan intriguer; like all kings who are suf. ing on the grass, like myself. Oh, how fered on the throne, only on condition of happy I accounted the lazy! They showed acting according to the will of their sub- me their fruit trees; and desired the in. jects, or that of their neighbours. Ile is terpreter to tell me, that when the gathergoodnatured, amiable, insinuating; I gave ing season arrives, the Kaimakan comes him advice, and we became quite inti- from Baschisaria to take the half of the

produce. Each family sells fruit yearly, “ I arrived in Russia ; and the first thing to the value of two hundred livres [81.88.] I did was to forget the object of my jours and there are forty-six families in Parthe. ney; because it appeared to me rather in. nizza and Nitika, another small estate delicate to take advantage of the favour. belonging to me; the Grecian name of able reception I experienced every day, which signifies victory. Again I felicitato solicit favours. I was captivated by the ted the lazy! I promised to prevent their unreserved and alluring simplicity of Ca- being oppressed. They brought me buttharine the Great*; and by her genius I ter, cheese and milk; not mares's milk, have been led to this enchanted abode. ... as among the Tartars. Once more I ac

counted the lazy happy! and I sunk again This is the famous Cape Parthenion, dis- into my meditations. tinguished by many events. On this spot

I estimate the world ; I mythology exalted the imagination. All consider it as a kind of magick lantern, the talents in the retinue of the heathen till the moment, when I myself shall dis. deities had here established their empire. appear under the scythe of time. I then

“ If, for an instant, I leave fable for his recollect, as a dream, nine or ten camtory, I discover Eupatori, founded by Mi. paigns I have made :* a dozen of battles thridates; I gather near this spot, in that or engagements, at which I have been old Cherson, fragments of alabaster co- present. I muse on the emptiness of gloliimas; I find the remnants of aquaducts, ry; which, unnoticed, is forgotten; which and of walls, which present a circumfe. envious people attack, or dispute. And, rence more extensive than that of Lon- notwithstanding all that, I say to myself, a don and Paris together. Those two cities part of my life has been spent in risking shall disappear as this has done. This

* This was previous to the Turkish By a refinement of flattery the article war, which broke out soon after; and in the is in the masculine gender in the French which the prince highly distinguished original.

himself

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that very life in pursuit of glory! I shall at hearing that I had determined they • not disparage my own bravery. It is, per- should have no other masters but them. haps, sufficiently brilliant; but I do not selves. find it sufficiently disinterested; it is al- “I then recalled my wandering spirits ; loyed with desire of being puffed up. II collected, as well as I could, my incohepay too much attention to the spectators. rent thoughts. I turned around with emo. I prefer the bravery of my dear, good tion to behold that beautiful spot, which Charles [his son] who does not mind I am never to visit again ; and to which whether he is seen or not. I again con- I am indebted for a day, the most delisult my own bosom. I discover nume- cious in all my life. A fresh breeze which rous faults within myself; I think after sprung up suddenly put me out of conceit wards on the inanity of ambition. Death with the boat which was to conduct me has already bereft, or soon will bereave, to Theodosia. I took a Tartar horse, and me of the favours of some great captains, my guide walking before me, I plunged or great sovereigns, while inconstancy, or again into all the horrours of darkness, of malice, may blast all my hopes. Intrigue bad roads, of torrents, to recross those setting me aside, the soldier shall soon famous mountains, and to meet at the end forget me.

of forty-eight hours their imperial majes. Without regretting the past, or ties, at Carassbazar." fearing the future, I commit my existence We could have wished to have to the impulse of my destiny.

presented our readers with some de“ After laughing heartily at my want of lineations of the moral character of merit, and at my courtly and military adventures, I congratulated myself on not

the Turks, drawn by the same able being worse than I am, and above all, I

hand; and with some of the lively applauded the grand talent I have of en- anecdotes contained in this publicajoying my portion of happiness.

tion, but our article has already been “And now the mantle of night began to protracted to an unusual length. For obscure the scenery. The sheep which this, the peculiar situation of Turwere grazing near my Turkey carpet, by key, as the object of political envy, their bleatings, called the Tartars ;

who

and Tilsit distribution, must plead gravely came down from their roofs, to lock them up near their wives, whom

The authority of this they have kept carefully concealed du. noble soldier supports opinions we ring the whole day. The criers, from the have ventured in favour of the Ottotop of the minarets, called the faithful to

But we must dismiss the the mosque. I felt with my left hand for

work, however reluctantly, recomthe beard which I had not; I laid my right hand on my breast; I poured out mending the perusal of it, as one of benedictions on the lazy, and I took my the most entertaining collections we leave of them, leaving them in equal asto- have lately seen. nishment at seeing me their master, and

our excuse.

mans.

FROM THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. Gertrude of Wyoming, a Pennsylvanian Tale, and other Poems. By Thomas Camp

bell, author of the Pleasures of Hope, &c. 4to. pp. 130. London, 1809.—New York, republished by D. Longworth, 12mo. pp. 132. $i. 1809.

WE open this volume with no counter more formidable than the ordinary impression of the delicacy extent of his own reputation. To and importance of the task which it decide on the merit of Gertrude of imposes on us, and the difficulty of Wyoming as the work of a poet hidischarging it at once with justice to therto undistinguished, would be the author and to that publick at comparatively easy. But we are un. whose bar we as well as Mr. Camp- avoidably forced upon comparing it bell must be considered to stand. It with Mr. Campbell's former pieces, is not our least embarrassment that, and while our judgment is embroiled in some respects, Mr. Campbell may by the predilections, prejudices, and be considered as his own rival ; and preferences, which the recollection in aspiring to extensive popularity of them has imprinted upon our ima. has certainly no impediment to en- gination, there are other peculiar

VOL. II.

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