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ment with the king, that, as soon as health, and a complication of disorhe should have completed his six- ders, put it out of my power any tieth year, he should have his full longer to be useful to your majesty; dismissal, and be permitted to retire and I am convinced that, under a to France. This hour was waited milder climate, my infirmities might for with great impatience, because be born. I therefore entreat your the king was not in a humour to let majesty to grant me my dismissal, him go a third time ; and it was only assuring you, at the same time, that by using a considerable degree of my heart shall be eternally devoted address, and promising to return at to you.” the end of six months, that he per- The marquis obtained permission mitted the marquis to depart, as will to pass six months in Provence, and be seen hereafter.

set off in 1769, on the express condi. He was the more impatient to re- tion of returning at the appointed turn to his own country, as since the time; at the same time he received journey he undertook in 1763, his the packet of original letters, which brother had ceded to him some land the king returned to him, assuring he wished for, at Eguilles, of which him that he possessed his entire conhe was the lord, to build a house and fidence, and that consequently he make a garden. The plan of both neither could nor would keep the letone and the other was settled between ters.

The marquis, however, would the brothers, and they immediately not take them with him, but left them began their labours. In 1766 all in the charge of one of his most parwas finished ; the house quite ready, ticular friends. the gardens planted and in good It appears, that the king was much order, entirely owing to the care of displeased at his departure, and that Monsieur de Eguilles, his brother, he even refused to see the marquis. president of the parliament of Aix. In vain several persons endeavoured

The clock at last struck-the mar- to persuade him, that the marquis quis had attained his sixtieth year. would return. He would not believe For a long time no mention had been ' them. He was indignant, that a man made of the agreement: whatever whom he had loaded with his bene. address the courtier employed to re- fits, should quit him for such trifling call the idea of it to his recollection, causes, and which in no way dimithe monarch always expressed a dis- nished the proofs of his attachment inclination to enter on the subject. and esteem ; but the marquis had He could not recur to it without ex- very good reasons to give on his side posing himself to cruel reproaches, likewise ; to pass the remainder of or to mortifications more cruel still. his days under a milder climate, and

In 1768, he renewed his entrea- near a brother, to whom he was atties, and imagining that the king tached by strong ties of affection. might not, perhaps, like him to take He had, however, other motives away the original letters which that for discontent, which he was anxious prince had written to him, he sent that the king should know without them to him, ranged in chronological loss of time. Scarcely had he arrived order and accompanied them by the at Dijon, when he wrote him a very following letter :

bold letter, such as no one who had “ Sire! I have kept till this mo- ever any disagreement with Fredement a precious pledge of the confi- rick, would have ventured to address dence with which your majesty ho- to him. In order to excuse himself noured me. I give them into your for this freedom, he said : “ It is not hands, because I do not think it now to the king that I write, but to right to take them with me into a the philosopher, and in the name of strange country. My continued ill philosophy”-a distinction which the

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monarch himself had given the ex- quence of this determination, he pri ample of in their suppers at Sans vately gave a letter to a person who Souci, where they freely conversed was going that way, and who promi. in the absence of the king, although sed to inquire for the marquis, and at the same table with him. And give him the letter if he should chance he concluded his keen, yet guarded, to meet him ; if not, to address it un. reproaches, with that inimitable fable der cover to the president D'Eguilles. of the “ Town and Country Mouse.” The traveller found him at Bourg-en

Yet, notwithstanding this appear. Bresse, in a state of convalescence, ance of resentment, the marquis and preparing to set off for BerD'Argens resolved to return to Fre- lin. The letter produced an effect derick at the expiration of the stated which might be expected. The old period; but it cost him a severe courtier was more irritated than af. struggle to determine on leaving Aix, flicted. He wrote another, which to return to Berlin. It was to ex- was never made publick, but its conpose the remainder of his days to tents may easily be guessed at, and new scenes of vexation and disap- immediately returned to his beloved pointment, and shorten their duration retreat, from which he seldom went, The agitated state of his mind, which except to make some few slight this situation involved him in, pro- journeys through parts of Provence. duced the very effect he wished to It was in one of these excursions have avoided, and he died without that he died at Toulouse, of an indi. being able to fulfil bis promise. gestion, on the 11th of January, 1771.

“ In the midst of all these suffer- The publick journals and the wri. ings,” says M. Thiebault, “ he was ters of the day have asserted, that the detained at Bourg-en-Bresse by a marquis D'Argens received the salong and very dangerous illness. The craments before his death; that he marchioness, whose whole care was read the Bible during his last illness; devoted to him, never once thought and that he caused himself to be adof writing to the king, although the mitted as a member of a society of time of his leave of absence had ex- penitents. Facts, which but little acpired. Frederick suspected him of cord with the character of a man, wishing to deceive him. He sent to who, always occupied by religious the marchioness's sister, and to all chicanery, theological disputations, the members of the academy, with and discourses of incredulity, had, whom he was connected as the direct, however, a strong predeliction in faor, to know if they had not heard vour of superstition, and the errours from him. And as he was informed, to which it gives rise. that no person had received any news In all we have said here of of him, and that several months had the marquis D'Argens, we have passed without a letter either from scarcely made any mention of his the husband or the wife, the king's works. They are, however, very nu. doubts were soon changed to cer- merous; but if we except “ The Jewe tainty. His anger and his indigna- ish Letters," or, as it was called in tion were extreme. He despatched English, “ The Jewish Spy," none orders that very day to the different of them appears to have given him offices at which the salaries of the any great title to Frederick's recommarquis were paid, strictly enjoining mendation. And of all that he has them to erase his name out of the written, his Memiors are at this day publick books, and forbidding them the most interesting, and offer an to pay him any thing for the future. agreeable fund of amusement, which, Sulzer, who received this order at at the same time makes you acquaintthe academy, thought it his duty to ed with both the men and the manacquaint D'Argens, and in conse- ners of the time in which he lived.

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ON THE INSTINCT OF DOGS, AND AN ACCOUNT OF A REMARKABLE DOG.

[Translated from the French.] SUCH is the depravation of the many years upon the tomb of his human species, that it is often com- master in the cemetery of the Innopelled to seek, beyond its own limits, cents ? In vain caresses were emas well the example as the habitual ployed to induce him to quit the practice of the most necessary vir- loved remains. Nothing could retues. Would we possess an incor- move him from his post of fidelity ruptible guardian, a faithful and dis- and affliction. Several times he was interested companion, a friend whom removed by force, and shut up at the adversity cannot alienate, we must extremity of the city : but as soon as not turn to man, for if we do, we shall they loosened him, he returned to only excite useless regret: regret to the spot which his constant affection think that we must efface these esti. had assigned to him, and where, exmable virtues from the history of posed to the elements, he braved the society, or at most be content to re- rigour of the most severe winters. call peculiar instances, and admire The inhabitants, who resided near them as something extraordinary, the spot, touched with the perseve- « without, however, attempting to ren- rance of this interesting animal, supder them less rare.

plied him with food, which he seemBut, on the contrary, a numerous ed to receive only as the means of species of animals present them- prolonging his grief, and the examselves, rich in the requisite gifts of ple of a fidelity truly heroical. sentiment, and happy in preserving More recently, Valenciennes was them, without reserve, for the use the witness of a similar event An of man, who too often only abuses inhabitant of the city died. His dog them, and seldom ennobles them by followed him to the churchyard, and appropriating them to himself. The lay upon his tomb. Food was carried proof which we have daily of the to him, which he refused to touch intelligence of dogs is, to every re- for three days. After having tried flecting mind, a subject of astonish- his fidelity by every means of entice. ment and admiration. And no feeling ment, a doghouse was built for him heart can be insensible to the marks on the tomb, and he remained there of constancy and attachment which for nine years without ever absenting they unceasingly lavish on us. himself more than twelve or fifteen

“. I have seen,” says Montiagne, paces from the spot, and he died then in his naïf but philosophick language, of old age and grief. [See Cours " a dog, conducting a blind man by d'histoire naturelle, ou tableau de la the side of a ditch in the city, leave Nature ; Paris, 1770, tom. II. p. a plain and even path and take a 103]. worse, in order to remove his mas- But it is not only with regard to ter from the ditch. How could this its master that the dog develops all dog conceive that it was his office to the superiority of its instinct. There watch only for the safety of his mas- are some to whom every human beter, and despise his own convenience? ing is equally the object of his soliciAnd how could he know that the tude. There exists, for example, path, which was broad enough for upon the high mountains of the Alps himself, was yet too narrow for a a particular race of dogs, the sole blind man? How could he compre. destination of which is to seek for 'hend all this without ratiocination ?" travellers who may have been invol[Essais, liv. ii. ch. 12.)

ved in the snow, lost in the midst of What attachment can be compa- the thick fogs which prevail there, red to that of the dog, seen by all or bewildered in impassable paths Paris in 1660, who remained during during the tempests of winter. The

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VOL. II.

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monks of Mount St. Bernard, hospi- front paws. It was thought it would table inhabitants of these frozen and not live ; but this defect of conformaalmost inaccessible heights, never fail tion did not prevent it from growing to send, every day in winter, a confi- equally as fast and as strong as the dential servant, accompanied by two others. And it was two years old dogs, for the purpose of meeting when the following description of it with travellers on the side of the was drawn up. Valais as far as St. Pierre. The dogs Two-legs, for so she was called, had follow the steps of the person (if any) a considerable resemblance to the who has lost his way, overtake him, wolfdog ; but the body was more bring him back, and thus snatch him elongated. Her hair was long, rather from inevitable death..

rough, and of a brown colour. She The hair of this sort of dogs is often carried her ears erect. Her tail white with black spots round the was a good deal like that of the fox, ears; and others, which are smaller not only in its form, but also in the and of a fawn colour, near the eyes. manner in which she carried it.

It is about the size of a mastiff. Its She would caress very freely, and long hair, its pointed snout, and al. approached towards persons whom most al} the qualities of its body ap- she knew, upon her two hind legs, proximate it to the species of the which she held wide apart, and the shepherd dog, from which it proba- toes very open. If she wished to ado bly proceeded, by an intermixture, vance quickly, she used the under not very ancient, with the mastiff. part of her neck as a third leg to sup

This race is also estimable as a port herself with. She then proceedwatch dog; so that it unites the good ed with considerable velocity by sucqualities of its original stock; the in- cessive leaps and springs ; but this telligence of the shepherd dog; and constrained progression fatigued her the vigilance of our yard dogs. very much. Her respiration seemed

In the species of animals which to be interrupted each time her neck man has domesticated, or rather re- touched the ground; and to save her duced to a state of servitude, nature head and

from the blows often produces monsters, either by which they were likely to receive, excess or defect. Of the latter sort the muscles of the neck were always I will here cite an example as a new in a state of contraction, in order proof of the perfection of instinct in that the head might constantly be the dog, and of the resources of na- erect. ture.

It was first communicated to If Two-leg's heard any noise, she the publick by M. Peret, jun. in the immediately sat upright, even for a Journal du Physique, for the month considerable time. If she wished to of August 1770.

go up stairs, she effected it pretty In the month of July 1768, a black easily by means of her neck; but to spaniel bitch, with red spots, littered descend was absolutely impossible. eight young ones. She was only al. In 1769, this extraordinary creature lowed to keep four, and of these four had six young ones, none of which it was discovered in a few days were in any manner deformedo that one

was deprived of the two

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a rock

SINGULAR ACCOUNT OF AN EAGLE'S NEST.

[From Hall's Travels in Scotland.] NOT many miles from Castle every summer, built on Grant, I found a gentleman who was in the hill, not far from his house, not displeased that a couple of eagles, There was a stone within a few yards whose nest I went to see regularly of it, about six feet long, and nearly

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as broad, and upon this stone, almost of sending his servants to see what continually, but always when they the eagles had to spare, and who [the eagles] had young, the gentle scarcely ever returned without someman and his servants found a num- thing good for the table. Game of ber of muir fowl, partridges, hares, all kinds, it is well known, is the rabbits, ducks, snipes, ptarmacans, better for being kept a considerable rats, mice, &c. and sometimes kids, time. fawns, and lambs. When the young When the gentleman or his sereagles were able to hop the length vants carried off things from the of this stone, to which there was a eagle's shelf or table, near the nest narrow road, hanging over a dreadful (for it was next to impossible to apprecipice, as a cat brings live mice proach the nest itself) the eagles to her kittens, and teaches them to were active in replenishing it ; but kill them, so the eagles, I learned, when they did not take them away, often brought hares and rabbits alive, the old ones loitered about inactive, and placing them before their young, amusing themselves with their young taught them to kill and tear them to till the stock was nearly exhausted. pieces. Sometimes, it seems, hares, When the hen eagle was hatching, rabbits, rats, &c. not being sufficient- the table or shelf of the rock was ly tamed, got off from the young ones generally kept well furnished for her while they were amusing themselves While the eagles were very with them; and one day, a rabbit young, her mate generally tore a got into a hole, where the old eagle wing from the fowls for her, and a leg could not find it. The eagle, one from the beasts he frequently brought. day, brought to her young ones the Those eagles, as is generally the case cub of a fox, which, after it had bit. with animals that are not gregarious, len some of them desperately, at- were faithful to

one another, but tempted to escape up the hill, and would not permit any of their young would, in all probability, have accom- to build a nest, or live near them, alplished it, had not the shepherd, who ways driving them to a considerable was watching the motion of the eagles, distance. The eagles of this country with a view to shoot them (which are uncommonly large and voracious, they do with bullets, swan-shot not and their claws are so long and strong, being able to penetrate their feathers) that they are used by young people prevented it. As the eagles kept as a horn, with a stopper, for holding what might be called an excellent snuff, and carried regularly in the larder, when any visiters surprised pocket for that purpose. the gentleman, he was in the habit

use.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

SIR,

I HAVE long been in posses- been less extraordinary; for nothing sion of an anecdote of one of the but diffidence has hindered me from brute creation, which I send to you, sending it. But recollecting that truth not so much for the amusement of needs not to be ashamed, it is brought your readers, as that Mr. Bingley before the publick, and is as follows. may, if he thinks it worthy, insert it Walking with a lady through some in the next edition of his Animal meadows between two villages, of the Biography. It is strictly true, and names of Upper and Lower Slaughter, would have appeared before, had it in the county of Gloucester, the path

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