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she already felt the deadly blow; for she difficult, she prevailed on father Ar. believed that she should be poignarded,

sene to change her retreat for the and then plunged into the river. Her hair rose on her head. Frikmann placed tal of one of the

German electorates ;

house of an aged widow in the capiher almost dying in the arms of this man, and fled with rapidity. Clara, motion where she was accidentally introduced less and frozen, voluntarily shut her eyes, to the elector's daughter, and entirely that she might not once see the assassin. won her confidence and affection. Her shrinking heart had no longerthe pow. This amiable princess, whose spirits er to beat. She ceased to breathe, yet she preserved sensation and consciousness,

were depressed by a secret affliction, She remained thus a moment suspended opened her whole heart to her young between life and death ; when, on a sud- favourite, and related her melancholy den, oh surprise ! oh inexpressible ecstacy! history. She had been betrayed into -she felt the arms which supported her a private marriage with one of her gently pressing her! She heard sighs and father's ministers, who treated her groans! It is no mistake-tears are shed upon her! O God! oan the murderer of with coldness, and appeared to have Julius, the unnatural father who so sacri- lost all affection for her. Here, the ficed his daughter, can he be capable of suspense of the story is in a great an emotion of pity ? does outraged nature measure destroyed; for the reader reclaim her rights, and will she triumph

sees at once that Clara is the daughover so much barbarity?

ter of the princess. Her father, Ro“ Meanwhile, the clouds which concealed the moon dispersed, and her mild light senberg, who at an early age had inrevived. The wind was hushed, and the trusted her to Montalban, returned violent tossing of the boat fastened to about this time; and having been the bank was moderated. At this instant, convinced that she was guilty of the the arms which supported Clara lifted her murder, he threatened her with imand placed her on a seat, and she found mediate detection and exposure unherself opposite to the object of her me

She returned, lancholy fears.---Clara raised towards him less she left the place. a sad and timid eye; but scarcely had therefore, to her refuge near Roi she perceived him, when she recovered chelle ; where, after various adven. all her faculties and all her sensibility, tures, which are not always of the and, prostrating herself, exclaimed with most probable kind, her innocence transport not to be described, 'O my

was manifested to the world. Mon. deliverer! She recognised her venerable friend, and embraced the knees of talban died confessing his guilt. Valfather Arsene."

more was united to his beloved Clara ; Her worthy Confessor now con- and Rosenberg (who had very fortuveyed her to a place of safety at a nately brought some German auxi. farm-house near Rochelle, which be- liaries to the assistance of the became the head quarters of the gene- sieged Hugonots) blessed their auspi. ral who commanded the besieging cious marriage. army. This general was Valmore ; The story, though very striking in who, though he could not see her particular scenes, is tedious and unface, which she had the precaution to equal; and it is eked out by a num. keep constantly veiled, was reminded ber of episodical narratives which of his former love and sorrow by her neither assist the progress of the figure and appearance. He passed main argument, nor have much in. the night in a room divided from her trinsick merit. We would not rashonly by a thin partition; and she had ly charge Madame De G. with dethe melancholy satisfaction of hear scending to the arts of book-making : ing him express those feelings of an but really the stories of the hermit unextinguished affection, which she and the old woman answer no purpose could never be permitted to return, besides that of swelling the work. while labouring under the load of in. The latter, however, is introduced by famy that had been heaped on her. a description of a maritime village, Concealment becoming daily more so lively, original, and picturesque,

that our readers, will probably not of France by those of former times, be displeased by seeing it translated : we think that the publication before

“ The mixture of rustick manners and us exhibits a similar approximation maritime toils gives to this village a sin- to the ancien regime on the subject of gular and striking aspect. A person religion. Every opportunity is taken might find there in families a wonderful store of knowledge gained from experi- monasteries, and to deny the exist

to justify the system of convents and ence and tradition, united to all the prejudices of ignorance and all the simpli

ence of those enormities with which city of a country village. The interiour of they have been often charged. The almost all the houses was adorned with worship of images is mentioned with the productions of India or the ocean; and a degree of awe and veneration, greatthey were at once decorations and trophies, which attested long voyages and catholick divine of the present day

er, we apprehend, than any judicious perilous navigations. There the same hands were often employed in construct.

would express on the subject; and ing vessels and fabricating ploughs; and the fervent prayers of Clara are more the men, divided into two classes, offered, than once rewarded by distinct revein their mode of life, on the one hand lations from heaven. We have also the picture of temerity, boldness, and all the agitations produced by ambition and

too many providential interferences, curiosity; on the other, the affecting and too many quotations from the image of innocence and peace, the happy scriptures. A romance is the worst fruits of moderation and a tranquil life.” possible vehicle for onction ;~a word

If we were right in the conjecture of extensive and mysterious signifiwhich we threw out, on a late occasion, cation, which has been very imperrespecting Madame De Genlis's fectly rendered by our common term, wish to remodel the present manners cunt.


Lettre aux Espagnols-Americains. Par un de leurs Compatriotes. A Philadelphie, 8vo. pp. 42.

THIS curious and interesting try, and took refuge in the dominions address is the production of Don of the pope in Italy. At the time Juan Pablo Viscardo y Gusman, a when the dispute about Nootka Sound native of Arequipa in Peru, and an threatened to produce a war between ecclesiastick of the Order of Jesus. Great Britain and Spain, and when When the Jesuits were banished Mr. Pitt, in the view of that event, from all the territories of Spain, had adopted the scheme of revoluhe, with the rest of his order, who, tionizing the Spanish colonies in whatever may have been their deme. America, he invited, at the sugges. rits in other parts of the world, had tion of general Miranda, a certain been the chief benefactors of Spanish number of the ex-Jesuits of South America,* was deprived of his coun- America from Italy, for the purpose

of using their influence in disposing * Dr. Robertson, when treating of the the minds of their countrymen for rapacious, oppressive, and licentious lives

the 'meditated changes. Of this of the ecclesiasticks of that country, says: "It is remarkable that all the authors, number was the author of the present who censure the licentiousness of the appeal, in which the inhabitants of Spanish regulars with the greatest severity, concur in vindicating the conduct of takes such full possession of every memthe Jesuits. Formed under a discipline ber of the order, the Jesuits, both in more perfect than that of the other mo. Mexico and Peru, it is allowed, maintainnastick orders, or animated by that con- ed a most irreproachable decency of mancern for the honour of the society, which ners.”-History of America, vol. iv. note 19.

South America are called upon, by subjected; and, after enlarging on every consideration interesting to the galling restraints in respect to human kind, to take the manage- personal liberty, and the ruinous efment of their own affairs into their fects of the exorbitant, commercial own hands, and to establish a just and monopoly to which they have been beneficent government, which may condemned, he alludes to their exat once ensure their own happiness, clusion from all offices of profit and and open a liberal intercourse of be. trust, even in their own country, in nefits with the rest of mankind. a strain of patriotick indignation. This uncommon person, who evinces After this picture of slavery, the a share of knowledge, of thought, author proceeds to demonstrate the and of liberality, worthy of the most foundations of liberty; and, consienlightened countries, died in Lon- dering the education he had received, don in the month of February 1798, the country where he was reared, and and left the present tract, in manu. the society to which he belonged, the script, together with several other beneficence and justness of his views papers, in the hands of Mr. King, at are worthy of no ordinary approbathat me minister in this country tion. He then displays the solid from the United States. It was al. principles of liberty which were ori. terwards printed by means of general ginally interwoven in the constitution Miranda, for the purpose of being of Spain, and assisted by the spirit circulated among his countrymen. of the people ; and, in the following

At a moment like the present, we short passage, states, with much doubt not it will appear of importance discernment, the miserable, but de to our readers to contemplate the lusive causes of its loss. sentiments of a man who may, to so

“ The reunion of the kingdoms of Casgreat a degree, be considered as the tile and Aragon, together with the great

states which at that time came to the representative of the leading classes

kings of Spain, and the treasures of the of his countrymen, on a question at East Indies, gave the crown of Spain an all times highly interesting to Great unexpected preponderance, which grew Britain, but which, in the present so powerful that in a very short time it situation of Europe, assumes an in- overthrew all the barriers erected by the calculable importance.

prudence of our ancestors to secure the

liberty of their posterity. Regal power, In presenting to his country men like the sea breaking over its limits, a short sketch of their history, he overflowed the whole monarchy, and the tells them, after Herrera, that their will of the king and of his ministers be. progenitors won the country by their came the universal law. own enterprise, and established them

Despotick power, once so strongly selves in it at their own charges, cient cortes no longer existed. There re

established, the shadow even of the anwithout a farthing of expense to the mained for the natural, civil, and religious mother country ; that, of their own rights of the Spaniards no other protecfree accord, they made to her the tion than the good will of the ministers, donation of their vast and. opulent or the ancient formalities of justice, callacquisitions; that, instead of a pa- have sometimes opposed the oppression

ed juridical proceedings. ternal and protecting governinent, of innocence without, however, preventthey had experienced, at her hands, ing the proverb from being always true : the most galling effects of a jealous, The king's will makes the law." rapacious, and oppressive administra- When he at last comes to call upon tion ; and that, for the long period his countrymen, from a united view of three centuries, their attachment of the nature of things, and of their to her had triumphed over the strong. own particular circumstances, to aest causes of resentment. He then dopt the resolution of becoming their draws a picture of the oppression to own masters, he cites, for their exwhich the colonies of Spain have been ample, the celebrated revolt of the

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provinces of Holland, which all the commercial intercourse. To the peworld admires, against the tyranny riod, too, which may elapse before and oppression of Spain; that of the affairs of Europe assume a conPortugal against the same country ; dition more favourable to human nathe recent acquisition of indepen- ture, or even to our security, foredence by their neighbours in North siglit can assign no definite boundary, America,-an event which had made even hope can hardly anticipate a upon them, as might be expected, the very speedy termination. In this deepest impression, and concludes new and portentous condition of Eu. in a strain of sublime piety, and ge- rope, we are called upon to look nuine philanthropy, which cannot be more widely around us, and to inquire too much admired-including every whether, in the rest of the world, nation upon earth, and even the Spa- barriers can be found to resist the niards themselves, in his generous torrent whose pressure we must conview of the blessings to be derived tinue to dread, and resources to supfrom the prosperity and freedom of ply those, the channel of which is that vast portion of the world. closed against us.

The bril ant prospects which seem In taking this important survey, to be opened up for our species in the every eye, we believe, will ultimatenew world, and the cloud which still ly rest on South America. A counthickens over the fortunes of the try far surpassing the whole of Euold, present, at the present hour, a rope in extent, and still more, persubject of contemplation to the haps, in natural fertility, which has thinking part of the British people ; been hitherto unfortunately excluded than which, excepting the great from the beneficent intercourse of question of slavery or freedom, we nations, is, after a few prudent steps know not if one more interesting on our part, ready to open to us the can be imagined. We seize with immense resources of her territory, avidity the present opportunity of of a population at present great, and communicating to them such infor- likely to increase with most extraormation on this grand topick as we dinary celerity, and of a position have been able to collect; and doubt unparalleled on the face of the globe not that our readers will partake with for the astonishing combination of us in the deep interest with which it commercial advantages which it aphas inspired us.

pears to unite. From the maturity After a tremendous struggle, to of some beneficent change, which which the world has seen, perhaps, circumstances and events have for no parallel, the power of the despot a series of years been working in of France now extends uncontrolled those magnificent regions, and from over almost every part of the conti- the mighty effects they are capable nent of Europe. The hopes of the of yielding for the consolation of afinstability of that power, which so flicted humanity, it seems as if that long continued to flatter the multi. Providence, which is continually tude, who draw their conclusions not bringing good out of evil, were about from reason, but feeling, have given to open a careerof happiness in the new way to the fears which a series of world, at the very moment when, by tremendous success has irresistibly the mysterious laws of its administraengendered ; and we are now placed tion, it appears to have decreeda period in the hazardous and inost critical of injustice and calamity in the old. situation, of neighbour to a power For the mighty benefits to be ex. which combines against us all the pected from a just and wise arrangeresources of Europe, and cuts off ment of the affairs of Spanish Amefrom us that important branch of rica, we are not left to the results of our own, which we drew from her speculation, clear and unambiguous


as they are. We can appeal to expe- ment as were those of North Ameririence and to fact. We have the Their industry has been crampgrand experiment of North America ed ; their minds have been held in before us, which the inhabitants of ignorance, by a bad government; the south are so ambitious to imitate. hence are they indolent and superThe states of North America were stitious. But remove the cause, and our own colonies, and they had been the effects will cease to follow. So always beneficently administered ; sweet are the fruits of labour, whereyet has their independence been far ver the labourer enjoys them unimmore profitable to us than their sub- paired, that the motives to it are irjection. What is the result with re- resistible and his activity may be

-gard to commerce alone?—The very counted upon with the certainty of extraordinary fact,that for several past a law of nature. The deduction, years we have exported more goods therefore, is so very small, which, on of British growth and manufacture this score, it will be requisite to to the United States of America, than make, that a very subordinate proto the whole of Europe taken toge- portion of the superiour advantages ther. If such are the benefits re- in soil and climate, which the South sulting from the prosperity of the American enjoys, will suffice to comUnited States, how many times great pensate the better habits with which er will be those which must necessa- the inhabitant of the United States rily flow from the prosperity of commenced his career. South America ? How many times In respect to wants, the two counmore extensive is the country which tries eminently resemble one anothe Spanish Americans possess? That ther. From the immense extent of country, from enjoying a much greato uncultivated soil, which it will reer diversity of climate compared with quire many ages to occupy, the Europe, than North America, is whole bent of the population will be much more richly provided with turned to agriculture ; and it will be those commodities for which Europe their interest, and their desire, to presents the most eager demand. Of draw almost the whole of the manuthe soil of South America, a great factured goods, which their riches part is much more favourable to cul- will enable them to consume, from tivation, much more fruitful, and other countries.

The country to cleared by nations who had made which the greater part of this prodi. some progress in civilisation.

Of all gious demand will come, is unquesthe countries in the world, South tionably Great Britain. So far beAmerica possesses the most im- fore all other countries, in respect to portant advantages in respect to in manufacturing advantages, does she ternal navigation, being intersected stand, that were the circumstances in all directions by mighty rivers, of Europe much more likely to enwhich will bear, at little cost, the courage industry than unhappily they, produce of her extensive provinces are, we could meet with no rival; to the ocean. If the population of and as we supply North America, so the United States, amounting, per could we South, on terms which haps, to 6,000,000 souls, affords so ex- would infallibly draw to us the greattraordinary a demand for British er part of her custom. With this commodities, what may not the po- magnificent source of industry and pulation of South America, extending wealth, the channels which Buona. already to ro less than 16,000,000, parte can shut against us hardly debe expected to afford ? It is no doubt serve to be named ; since that even true, that the moral and intellectual of the United States surpasses them habits of the people of South Ameri. all. With South America, then, Ca are not so favourable to improve. under a free and beneficent govern

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