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PAILOSOPHICAL AND ECONOMICAL INTELLIGENCE.
in Elegant Method of obtaining very a garden reduced to a state of poverty,
exact and pleasing Representations of very unfriendly to vegetation. An invi. Plants.
gorating manure was necessary; but such
a stimulus could not easily be procured. TAKE the plant of which you
Considering upon the means, it occurred to obtain a representation, and lay it on that possibly some trivial advantage might some sheets of blossom or blotting paper, be derived from the oil and alkali, remainand having properly displayed the leaves
ing in the water after washing, commonly and flowers, so as to lie in the most ad.
called soap-suds. Pits were immediately vantaşeous manner, lay some more of the dug, and the contents of the washing same kind of paper upon it, and a large tubs, after they were done with, emptied book, or some other convenient weight into them. As washing succeeded washing upon it, in order to press it with a gentle other pits were dug and filled, so that a degree of pressure. In this state let it
whole garden, a small portion excepted, remain two or three days, then remove
was watered and enriched.
Upon the the upper paper, and see whether the plant be sufficiently firm or stiff to bear spot purposely neglected, vegetation, says
the writer, is still languid, while the reremoving. When this is the case, smear
sidue of the garden, invigorated by suds over every part of the plant with ink, only, annually exhibits a luxuriance almade by dissolving a quantity of Indian
most equal to any thing this fertile neighink in warm water; then carefully lay the smeared side on a piece of clean and this kind of manure, and even another kind
bourhood can produce. We have known strong white paper, and covering it with of domestick lie, applied with success to a piece of the blossom, or soft paper, the roots of the vine. press with the hand on every part, and But the mixture of an oil and an alkali rub it uniformly over. After remaining has been more generally known than some time longer, remove it from the adopted as a remedy against the insects paper, and a distinct and beautiful im.
which infect wall fruit trees. It will de. pression will remain, far exceeding, in
stroy the insects which have formed their softness of appearance, if well conducted,
nests and bred among the leaves. Used and justness of representation, even the
in the early part of the year it will premost elaborate and highly finished engra
vent insects from settling upon the leaves. ving. It is only to be lamented, that, in
It is also preferable to the lime water, this method of figuring plants, some of
or wood ashes and lime, because lime the minuter characters of the flower must unavoidably be expressed indistinctly. the air. The only difficulty is in the
loses its causticity by being exposed to These, however, as well as any other mi.
mode of applying it. Mr. Specchley, in nute parts, which may not have been im.' his treatise on the vine, directs it to be pressed with sufficient sharpness, may poured from a ladder out of a watering be added with a pencil and Indian ink. Sometimes a small press is made use of pot, over both trees and wall, beginning
at the top of the wall, and bringing it in this process; and various compositions
on, in courses, from top to bottom. The may also be used, as well as Indian ink:
Rev. Mr. Falconer thinks a considerable viz. a kind of fine printer's ink, composed extent of wall may be washed by means of lamp-black, with linseed oil, &c. The figures may occasionally be coloured af- time, as often as a supply of suds, &c.
of a common garden pump, in a short terwards, in the manner of engravings.
can be had; or a quantity of potash of Their great merit consists in so happily expressing what botanists term the habit, substituted. Washing the trees and the
commerce dissolved in water may be or true general aspect of the natural
wall twice a week for three or four weeks plants; a particular in which even the in the spring will suficiently secure the best and most elaborate engravings are
fruit from the injuries of insects. This found defective.
upon the whole, he thinks a valuable manure, as it can be easily obtained, at a
small expense and in large quantities ; An Experiment on Soapsuds as a Manure. and when its nature is understood, will
By Mr. G. Irwin, of Taunton, with re- probably be no less esteemed than horse marks by the rev. Thomas Falconer. dung. To the gardener as well as the far
A FEW years since, says this writer, mer, mixed with mould, it is also useful my attention was attracted by the soil of as a fertilizing compost.
Mr. Andrew Brown has obtained a patent improvement, to presses now in common for Improvements in the Construction of a use, by means of a fly-wheel and traddle, Press, for printing Books and other Ar- which give motion to the two barrels or ticles, part of which may be applied to cylinders, and distribute the ink over the Presses ini common use.
types, to feed them with ink either by the THESE improvements are on the motion of the hand or fly-wheel, or by press itself; on the use of barrels or cylin- other methods well known to every me. ders for feeding the types with ink; and chanick. in the loose frisket and manner of using it. The press is made of cast iron, as is
Frederick Bartholomew Folsch and William also the bed which must be accurately
Howard have obtained a patent for a cerfaced for the types to lie on. A follower
tain Machine, Instrument, or Pen, calgives pressure on the types, and is fixed to
culated to promote Facility in Writing : the screw. In using this press, the cast
and, also a certain Black Writing Ink iron bed slides out below the roller or cy
or Composition, the Durability whereof linder, which revolves round and feeds the
is not to be affected by Time, or change types with ink. It is covered with flannel,
of Climate. or any other elastick substance, and then is
THE pen is made of glass, enamel, or covered with parchment or vellum, or
other substance capable of admitting a other proper materials to prevent the ink
bore. The pointis small and finely polished; from soaking too far in, and likewise to give it a spring, and afterwards is covered enough to hold as much or more ink than
but the part above the point is large with superfine wollen cloth, for the pur
a common writing pen. The composition pose of receiving the ink to supply the types. There is a large barrel, or cylinder, black and fresh butter, which is smeared
is a mixture of equal parts of Frankfort and also a smaller one ; the former hav
over paper and rubbed off after a certain ing received the ink from the trough un
time. The paper thus smeared is to be derneath it, the latter rolls on the other,
pressed for some hours, taking care to and distributes or spreads out the ink on the face of it; or it may be necessary, with
have sheets of blotting paper between each the small barrel er cylinder, occasionally use, the paper is put between sheets of
of the sheets of black paper. When fit for to use a brush to distribute the ink, or lay the ink on the large barrel. The large is to be written on with common ink with
this blackened paper, and the upper sheet barrel feeds the other with ink, and that revolves and feeds the types by the mo
the glass or enamel pen. By this method tion of the spindle, which moves the bed. write, but also two or more made by means
not only the copy is obtained on which you Mr. B. is able to apply the barrels or cy; of the blackened paper. linders, which he reckons his principal
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