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in the fitness and capacity of those, er, and adjust the rules. What plea who may

be selected to pass judg- can any writer have for discontent, ment on their tenders to the stage, I if a period were named for all offers have not the same confidence. This to be made, and a time limited, withimportant task of deciding upon the in which all answers should be given? elegibility of dramatick compositions No one need subject himself to be offered to the stage, has sometimes announced as the author of a rejectbeen confined to one, sometimes in ed piece, if he subscribed his directhe hands of a committee, and at tion and withheld his name. The other times so involved in mystery, accepted author only would be sumthat the candidate for acceptance moned to a revisal of his drama at a knew not who were his judges, nor conference with the reader, who would could easily find out the channel, be prepared to suggest whatever through which to make his approaches might be thought of to improve, and to the secret tribunal. Now as it perfect it for representation, before cannot be for the honour, or advan- the parts were cast, and it was retage, or repose of the conductor of cited in the Green room. a theatre that discouragements should Should it be asserted, that the be thrown in the way of men of ta- eventual remuneration, which the lents, who might otherwise be dis stage holds forth, is encouragement posed to write for the stage, nothing enough tor every man to write, that seems more easy than to give promp- can write, I dissent from that assertitude and security to an intercourse tion, believing, as I do, that there between parties, who seem to have a are many, with whom emolument is common interest, and no real cause but a secondary object, who are fully for disagreement.

qualified to write well and ably for The proprietor's object is, to have the stage, and only want facility of a variety of dramatick novelties, and access to it out of these to select such as shall be But if it only be contended, that judged most likely to attract the pube where the property is, the right of lick and ensure success.

judgment ought to be, I think so too. The man who offers his production Therefore let the proprietor, who for the stage, naturally wishes and accounts himself competent to the larequires to be secured against the bour and the duty of the task in quesmortifying necessity of waiting for tion, undertake it, and adopt, if he an answer tediously postponed, and, shall see fit, or as far as he sees fit, perhaps, after much solicitation at the accommodating mode above prolength discovering that his unhappy posed. manuscript has been mislaid or losi. If he does not choose to undertake He can ill submit to have his offers it in his own person, let some man treated, and his feelings tortured in be sought out, by experience, temper, this manner, He is undoubtedly en- punctuality, and good manners, fitted titled to receive a speedy and respect- to conduct a business, which, howful answer, and has a right to know ever delicate and difficult it may be, by whom his work has been read, and would in my opinion, under prudent of course, who it is that is responsi- management, produce effects very ble for the judgment, that has been highly favourable to the interests of passed upon it.

theatrical property, the restoration of If these positions are admitted, the legitimate drama, and to the gethe remedy is obvious. The only neral improvement of the taste and thing wanting is, to appoint the read. genius of the age we live in.

FROM THE LITERARY PANORAMA.

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Travels through the South of France, and in the Interiour of the Provinces of Provence

and Languedoc, in the Years 1807 and 1808, by a Route never bef re performed, being along the Banks of the Loire, the Isere, and the Garonne, through the greater Part of their Course. Made by Permission of the French Government. By Lieu. tenant Colonel Pinkney, of the North American Native Rangers. 4to. pp. 282. Price 1l. 1s. London, 1809.

WHAT a dissatisfied genera- demoiselle St. Sillery, who, “ with tion is that of the criticks! The very the single exception of her aunt, was volume before us, although we have the handsomest woman he had yet perused it with pleasure, cannot es- seen in France.” We must state, for cape a reprimand; and even perhaps the information of our readers, that may be deemed censurable. It is Madame Younge was the piece of certainly as impolitick, as it is unpo- our friend, M. Lally Toller dal, so well lite, for a book to thrust itself on the known by his tragedy of Strafford, reader without a single word of intro. his pleadings for the reversal of his faduction, preface, apology, or address. ther's sentence, in which he succeedIn this instance, we know not whe. ed, some years after his father's death; ther the present be an original edi. and lastly, for his eloquent Plaidoyer tion, or reprinted from an American for the unfortunate Louis XVI. We copy; nor, if it be the former, for understand that he is now a Préfet what reasons England is first favoured of the Corsican !!.... with it. In this we blame the author; The route taken by this agreeable but, we confess, that we no less blame society was by Chartres, Nantes, ourselves for wishing to find in a tra- Tours, Blois, Nevers, and Moulins, veller information which we have no . to Lyons : from Lyons to Avignon, reason to suppose it was his object Aix and Marseilles, where our auto obtain, nor was it, probably, in his thor's tour terminated, and he empower.

barked for America. The condition of the people in the For a journey of pleasure nothing south of France, or indeed in any could be better selected than the part of that kingdom, so lately as in route, the company, and the season ; the years 1807, 1808, excites an in- for a journey of information, we terest which is highly favourable to should have chosen another course. a writer. Happily for himself this Unluckily, too, towards the close of traveller pursued a route through the the excursion, when our author enters most enchanting districts of France: on provinces the state of which we districts proverbially known as the particularly desire to know, his time residence of health, and amenity; as is shortened by events; and he travels the abode of the goddess of love, and most rapidly, where we could have gaieté de cæur.

most earnestly requested his stay, Mr. Pinkney left Baltimore in For so long a time have we been ex. America, for Liverpool, in April '897: cluded from the south of France, that from Liverpool he visited London ; descriptions of that country are now and, the vessel having some connex. recommended by their novelty ; and ions in Calais, he entered France by we are curious to be informed to what that port : wherce he travelled by the degree the character of the people is direct road to Paris. At Paris he le- affected by the scenes they have witmained a short time ; and quitted that nessed. In truth, however, it has city in company with Mr. Younge, sustained scarcely any perceptible vathe confidential secretary to Mr. riation ; and Mr P. informs us, that Armstrong, the American ambassa- it is a standing rule in France to fordour, the lady of Mr. Younge, herself get as much as possible the blessings a French woman, and her niece, Ma- of the French revolution ; and te

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wave that discourse which might riously thought of making a purchase.

An estate of eleven hundred acres, seven lead to the recollection of them. With

hundred of which were in culture, the this rule we also shall comply ; and

remainder wood and heath, was offered shall avail ourselves of the delinea

for sale for 8000 louis. The mansion. tions of Mr. P. (which we know by house was indeed in ruin beyond the posrecollection to be faithful) to furnish sibility of repair, but the land, ander promaterials for an estimate of the pre- per cultivation, would have paid twentysent state of that part of the kingdom

five per cent. on the purchase money. The

main point of such purchases, however, is of France.

contained in these words : ‘Under proper A stranger, whether Briton or

cultivation.' Nothing is so absurd as the American would naturally be startled expectation of a foreign purchaser, and at the high value of money, as ex

particularly of a gentleman, that he will pressed in the relative cheapness of be able to transfer the improved system of

cultivation of liis own country into a kingland, and of the necessaries of life

dom at least a century behind the former. (produced on the spot) throughout As far as his own manual labour goes, as France. When Mr. P. tells us, that, far as he will take the plough, the harrow, at Angers, he found “the prices of and the broadcast himself, so far may he beef and multon to be about 2d. per

procure the execution of his own ideas. lb; a fowl 5d. ; turkies, when in sea

But it is in vain to endeavour to infuse

this knowledge or this practice into French son, from 18d. to 28.; bread about

labourers ; you might as well put a pen in I 1-2d. a Ib; and vegetables, greens, the hand of a Hottentot, and expect him to &c cheap to a degree; a good house write his name. The ill success of half the about six louis per year; and a man

foreign purchasers must be imputed to sion fit for a prince (for there are

this oversight. An American or an Ensome of them, but without inhabitants) farm, and sees land of the most produce

glishman passes over a French or German from 40 to 50 louis, including from tive powers reduced to sterility by slo30 to 40 acres of land without the venly management. A suggestion imme, walls.” We are by 110 means sur- diately arises in his mind-how much prised at his inference “ what a silu- might this land be made to produce unation for a residence !” When he

der a more intelligent cultivation ! Full

of this idea he perhaps inquires the price, finds large estates to be sold for a

and finding it about one tenth of what trifle ; so as to “clear the purchase such land would cost in England, imme. money in five years ;” that he should diately makes his purchase, settles, and be even tempted to speculate on what begins his operations. Here his eyes are advantages they offer, appears to us

soon opened. He must send to England very natural. But, his good sense was

for all his implements; and even then his

French labouiers neither can nor will too efficient not to lead him to ex

learn the use of them. An English ploughamine the reverse of the medal ; and man becomes necessary; the English to state the per contra : which he ploughman accordingly comes, but shortly does on several occasions. We select becomes miserable amongst French habits what he says of the country around

and French fellow-labourers. Clermont, because on that occasion “ In this manner have failed innumerahe discusses this subject at some

ble attempts of this kind within my own length.

knowledge. It is impossible to transplant

the whole of the system of one country “ The same scenery continues with lit into another. The English or the Ameritle variation to Clermont, the country im- can farmer may emigrate and settle in proving and the roads becoming worse. France, and bring over his English plough In this interval, however, I passed several and English habits, but he will still find a chateaux in ruins, and several farms and French soil, a French climate, French houses, on which were affixed notices that markets, and French labourers. The they were to be let or sold. On inquiring course of his crops will be disturbed by the rent and purchase of one of them, I the necessity of some subservience to the found it to be so cheap, that could I have peculiar wants of the country and the reconciled myself to French manners, and

demands of the market. He cannot, for promised myself any suitable assistance example, persevere in his turnips, where. from French labourers, I should have se- he can find no cattle to out them, no por:

VOL. II.

RI

66

acre.

chasers for his cattle, and where, from might stock the publick granary in the openness of the climate in winter, the

one year; but what, beside the pleasure crop inust necessarily rot before he can consume it. For the same reason, his

of producing it, would prompt the clover cultivation becomes as useless. To exertions necessary to a second abunsay all in a word, I know not how an dance. English or an American farmer could

“Provisions” says Mr P." are incom. make a favourable purchase in France, parably cheap at Valence and in its vithough the French government should

cinity. Trade, however, seemed very come forward with its protection. The

slack;

the shops were on the smallest poshabits of the country have become so ac

sible scale ; and every thing which was commodated to its agriculture, that they

not produced in the neighbourhood was each mutually support the other, and a

enormously dear. Groceries in France inore improved system can only be intro

are nearly twice the price which they bear duced in the proportion in which these

in England. I made some inquiries as to national habits can be fundamentally the rent of land. On large farms it is about changed. But such changes must neces- five or seven shillings English money per sarily be gradual and slow, and must not

The agriculture seemed very inbe reckoned upon by an individual."

different.” If these reasonings be applicable to Mr. P. observes that “in large a part of France between the British purchases land is very cheap: in small channel and the capital, we may as- purchases very dear.” He ascribes sure ourselves that the interiour and this dearness of small purchases “to southern districts offer ample confir- the strong repugnance of the small mation of them: and Mr P. repeate proprietors to part with their pateredly, and even frequently, finds such nal lands” We account for it on a instances.

different principle. Where capital “I have frequently had occasion to speak is extremely scarce, and where there of the slovenly agriculture of the French are no capitalists, or none who venfarmers; and I am sorry to have to add, ture on speculations, small properties that the fertility of the provinces of Ni

may find many purchasers ; but Ternois and the Bourbonnois is rather to

estates demanding the payment of be imputed to the felicity of their soil and climate than to their cultivation. There some thousands of pounds will be is certainly a vast proportion of waste offered at a cheap rate, from absolute land in these provinces, which only re- want of “ the needful.” The price mains waste, because the French land- must be an irresistible temptation, by lords and farmers want the knowledge to

its lowness, before there can be any bring it into cultivation. Many hundreds of acres are let at about twelve sols (six. hope of the commodity being dispos

ed of. pence) per acre, and would be sold at about a louis d'or, which in three years, This want of capital pervades the under English management, would be commercialestablishments of France; r'ichly worth thirty pounds. What a coun- it is one of the evils produced by the try would this be to purchase in, if with revolution, the effects of which will himself an Englishman or an American

This is one could transport his own labourers and long be felt severely. ideas! But nothing is to be done without principle in explanation of the anoassistance.”

maly which puzzled our author at Our estimate of the cheapness of Abbeville, where he found the French commodities in France must be re- broadcloths dearer than English of stricted to the home produce. What the same quality. the land affords, having no easy con- “ Abbeville, which I reached in good veyance to other parts, no demand time for the table d'hôte, which is held on from any distance to give it value, every market day, is a populous but a must either be consumed on the spot most unpleasant town. The inhabitants or wasted. Of what vast profit, then,

are stated to exceed 22,000; but I do not would be the superiour husbandry of of that number. The town has a most

conceive that they can amount to one half England, if, after the crop was pro- ruinous appearance, from the circumstance duced, it proved to be redundant? It of inany of the houses being built with

very ancient

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wood; and by the forms of the windows the silk being furnished them by their and the doors, some of them must be employers. The prices vary with the pat

There are two or three tern and quality of the work ; two livers manufactories of cloth, but none of them per day is the average of what can be were in a flourishing condition. I went to earned by the weavers. The women visit that of Vanrobais, established by weave as well as the men, and their Louis XIV. and which still continues, earnings may be estimated at about one though in ruins. The buildings are upon half. Upon the whole, however, these ma. a very large scale ; but too much was at. nufactures are a very drooping conditempted for them to execute any thing in tion, and are scarcely visible to a foreign a workmanlike manner. There are dif. visitant, unless the immediate object of ferent buildings for every different branch his inquiry. There is likewise a ribanc of the manufacture. I cannot but think, manufactory, but the ribands are very inhowever, that they would have succeeded feriour to those of England. About 1000 better if they had consulted the principle persons may be employed in these two of the sub-division of labour. I saw like. manufactories." wise a manufactory of carpets, which

The combined operation of these seemed more flourishing. In the cloth manufactory, the earnings of the working

causes, deficiency of mercantile camanufacturers are about 36 sous per diem pital, and the conversion of the learn[18. 6d.] in the carpet manufactories, ing hands into soldiers, with the somewhat more. The cloths, as far as I 'other injurious effects of war, acam a judge, seemed to me even to exceed

count for the impotent state of the those of England : but the carpets are

French manufactories. Neither will much inferiour. From some unaccountable reason, however, the cloths were much they revive, till peace inspire them dearer than English broadcloth of the with an energy, which capital may same quality. Whence does this happen, be directed to support. We may in a country where provisions are so much hint at another cause which possibly cheaper? Perhaps from that neglect of

has its influence on this subject. The the sub-division of labour which I have above noticed.

conscripts, taken from among the Abbeville, like all the other principal reputable classes equally with the towns through which I passed, bore ne

lower, fill the ranks of the army. lancholy marks of the Revolution. The Whatever of skill, or taste, op refinehandsome church which stood in the

ment the youth of this description market-place is in ruins ; scarcely a stone

may be supposed to possess; whatremains on the top of another. Many of the best houses where shut up, and others

ever of science they may have acquiof the same description evidently inhabi red superiour to the merely operative ted by people for whom they were not labourer, it falls with them in the built. In many of them, one room only field. We cannot but think, there. was inhabited ; and in others, the second fore, that the prodigious loss lately and third floors turned into granaries. In

sustained by France on the banks of deed, along the whole road from Abbe

the Danube must be estimated much ville to Paris, are innumerable chateaux, which are now only the cells of beggars, above the numerical loss in lives, or of the lowest kind of peasantry.” though that be very great: it affects He says also, speaking of Tours: persons and families who might just

ly be deemed the strength of the “ Tours was formerly celebrated for its silk manufactory, and enough of it still re

state, as well in intellect as in exermains to invite and to gratify the curiosity tion--and if their commercial capiof a traveller. The attention of the tal falls to their sisters, of what use is French government is now unintermit- it to the state ? tingly occupied in eiforts to raise the ma. nufactures of the kingdom, but whilst the

We confess ourselves disappointwar makes such large demands, trade ed at the cursory notice taken by our must necessarily be cramped. The ma- traveller of the present condition of nufactories, however, still continue to

the city of Lyons. He says nothing work, and produce some beautiful flowered

on the late introduction of cotton madamasks, and brilliant stuffs. The weavers for the most part work at their own

nufactures into that city, nor of the houses, and have so much by the piece, transit business in which it lately en

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