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gaged: nor of the number of looms, are little improved by their late'suf &c. now in work. He merely tells ferings. They pipe, they dance, they us, that

amuse themselves, they pass away * The manufactories of Lyons, being life jovially. They are as licentious, eonfined in their supply to the home mar

as loquacious as ever: the men are ket, are not in the same flourishing state as foi merly. They still continue, how

gay and not jealous;" the women

are loose and not reserved. Those ever, to work up a vast quantity of silk, and on the return of peace, would doubts who have any pretensions to beauty, less recover somewhat of their former expect homage; and those who have prosperity. Some years since, the silk

no beauty have sprightliness and stockings alone worked up at Lyons were

taste. Decencies and decorum they estimated at 1500 pair daily. The workmen are unhappily not paid in proportion

have none; yet religion is fashionable. to their industry. They commence their

The better class are lively, frank, and day's labour at' an unusual hour in the pleasing; thoughtless, but amiable; morning, and continue it in the night, yet addicted to their pastimes; and too are unable to earn enough to live in volatile, in the judgment of philosoplenty." We are now able to account for phick Englishmen, to be susceptible of

the blessings of magna charta or the the fact noticed by Mr. Pinkney, that

bill of rights: in other words, they the English vessels at sea exceed the French two hundred to one : for, fended when reminded by allusion, or

talk but little politicks, and are ofwhen we ask, what manufactured reference, to what they have seen or goods France ! as 10 export? to what suffered, while beguiled by the demon distant countries can she afford to of democracy, and misled by tho export them at her own risk, with

spirit of destruction. the necessary length of credit ? and

Mr. P. has found himself at a loss consider the prevalence of the mili

to describe in proper terms the intary system among her population, we no prospect of her speedily and French conversations: he there

genuities of French confectioners, abounding in ships, colonies, and :

fore uses language not precisely ad commerce." This limitation of con

rem ; and concludes his hints at sumption to the neighbourhood where the commodities are produced, “Leda and her swan,'

“naked Cupids," “naked Venuses," contributes also to explain the cause

by saying: of that deadness, and want of passage rout, certainly exceis an English one in

A French assembly or fashionable on the high roads, which surprised elegance and fancy, as much as it falls our author. There is not that inces. short of it in substantial mirth. The sant intercourse between the ex

French, it must be confessed, infinitely tremities of the kingdom and the

excel every other nation in all things con

nected with spectacle, and more or less capital in France which there is in

this spectacle pervades all their parties. England. There are few principals They dance, they converse, they sing, for or agents of commercial houses, exhibition, and as if they were on the travelling on business, few parties stage. Their conversation, therefore, has travelling on pleasure : indeed, we frequently more wit than interest, and understand, that since the cards of their dancing more vanity than mith. citizenship, &c have been necessary, happy carelessness which pleases by being

They seem in both respects to wani that scarcely a rambling excursion is un. pleased. A French woman is a figurante dertaken

even in her chit-chat.” But, to quit these political consi- These assemblies are filled with dera:ions, and consider a little the ladies dressed à la Diane, à la Minerve, people who are interested in them :- en Bacchante, and (intentionally) a We readily discern the fidelity of l'Anglaise; the rage for every thing Mr. Pinkney's portraits of the per- English maintains itself in great visonages, with whom his expedition gour very generally, especially in the brought him acquainted. The French more polite assemblies.


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We are agreeably surprised with “ I had resolved not to leave Paris withthe information, that the emigrants

out seeing the emperour,” says Mr. P. who have returned, have imported audience on the following day, I applied

“and being informed that he was to hold an with them so much of the taste of

to Mr. Younge to procure my formal inour country, as to be distinguished troduction. With this purpose we waited among their neighbours,

upon general Armstrong, who sent my “ Ecures is a village situated on a plain, name to the grand chambe, lain with the which in its verdure, and in the fanciful necessary formalities.

This formality is disposition of some trees and groves, re

a certificate under the hand of the ambas. minderi me very strongly of an English sadour, that the person soliciting the intropark. This similitude was increased by duction has been introduced at his own a house on the further extremity of the court, or that, according to the best know. village. It was situated in a lawn, and ledge of the Ambassadour, he is not a merontirely girt around by walnut trees except chant- Négociant actuel. It may be where it fronted the road, upon which it briefly observed, however, that the French opened by a neat palisadoed gate. I have Négociant answers better to the English no doubt, though I had no means of veri

mechanick, than to the honourable appelfying my opinion, that the possessor of lation, merchant. General Armstrong prothis estate had been in England. The mised me a very interesting spectacle in lawn was freshly mown, and the flowers, the Imperial audience. • It's the most the fresh-painted seats, the windows ex- splendid court in Europe,' said he. “The tending from the ceiling to the ground, court of London, and even of Vienna, will and even the circumstance of the poultry not bear a comparison with it.' Every one being kept on the common, and prevented agreed in the justice of this remark, and by a net-work from getting on the lawn my curiosity was strongiy excited. all these were so perfectly in the English “On the appointed day, about 3 o'clock, taste, that I offered Mi. Younge any wager

Mr. Younge accompanied me to the pathat the possessor had travelled. He is lace, where we were immediately conmost probably a returned emigrant,' said ducied to a splendid saloon, which is Mr. Younge; it is inconceivable how termed the Ambassadours' Hall. Refreshmuch this description of men have done ments were here landet round to the for France. The government, indeed, company, which was very numerous, and begins to understand their value, and the amongst them many German princes in list of the proscribed is daily diminish- their grand court dress. The conversaing”

tion became very general ; those who had But we must not close our account seen Buonaparte, describing him to those of this volume without introducing

who were about to be introduced. Every our readers to the court of the man

one agreed that he was the most extraordi.

nary man that Europe had produced in who now holds the sovereignty over many centuries, and that even his appear. this nalion: a nation once ardent for ance was in no slight degree indicative of liberty, and, for a moment, vociferous his character. " He possesses an eye,' in its demands of Engish liberty: said one gentleman, .in which Lavater

Mr. happy had they understood what might have understood a hero." they desired, and know how to obtain

Younge confirmed this observation, and

prepared me to regard him with more and to prize it!*

than common attention.

“ The doors of the saloon were at length It is a singular circumstance, and per.

thrown open, and some of the officers of haps unknown to the generality of our

the grand chamberlain, with white wands readers, that in the early part of the

and embroidered robes and scarfs, bowing French revolution two accredited agents were sent from Paris to London expressly business, and when they were told how for the purpose of taking plans of our much service was gratuitously done the house of commons, that their Salle des country by the respective members' atSéunces might be like it; and so particular tendance on committees, &c. &c. &c. were they in their proceedings that they (which, like many of our own countrymen, measured with the greatest exactness the they had not the most distant idea of) speaker's chair, that M. le Président de they frequently shrugged up their shoull'Assemblée Nationale might have one ex- ders, and exclaimed, quel désintéressement! actly similar. However, we must do them mon Dieu! quelle nation-en vérité, c'est the justice to mention, that they were une grande nation!—Tâchons-nons de faire astonished at our manner of conducting la même chose ? -Edit. Par.

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low to the company, invited us, by wa- his general mien military. He was dressving their staves, to follow them up the ed very splendidly in purple velvet, the grand staircase. Every one now arranged coat and waistcoat embroidered with gold themselves in pairs, behind their respec. bees, and with the grand star of the legion tive ambassadours, and followed the ushers of honour worked into the coat. in procession, according to the precedence “He passed no one without notice, and of their respective countries, the Imperial, to all the ambassadours he spoke once or Spanish, and Neapolitan ambassadours twice. When he reached general Armforming the van. The staircase was lined strong, he asked him, Whether America on both sides with grenadiers of the le. could not live without foreign commerce as gion of honour, most of whom, privates well as France? and then added, without as well as officers, were arrayed in the or- waiting for his answer, “THERE IS ONE der. The officers, as we passed, exchang- NATION IN THE WORLD, WHICH MUST ed salutes with the ambassadours ; and as BE TAUGHT BY EXPERIENCE, THAT HER the imperial ambassadour who led the procession, reached the door of the antichamber, two trumpeters on each side TIONS, AND THAT SHE CANNOT HOLD played a congratulatory flourish. The

ALL IN COMMERCIAL SLAVERY: ushers who had led us so far, now took ENGLAND IS their stations on each side the door, and COMPTERS. others, in more splendid habits, succeed

We have extracted the more freeod them in the office of conducting us.

“ We now entered the anti-chamber, in ly from this work, because the writer which was stationed the regular guard of cannot be suspected of an undue bias the palace. We were here saluted both toward Britain. The result of his by privates and officers, the imperial observations is indeed very strongly guard being considered as part of the in favour of our native island; and the household. From the anti-chamber we passed onwards through nearly a dozen

manners, conveniences, enjoyments most splendid apartments, and at length which it offers, are rendered more reached the presence-chamber.

grateful to a rational mind by conMy eyes were instantly in search of the trast with the frivolities-not of that emperour, who was at the farther extremi. portion of the French nation which ty, surrounded by a numerous circle of thinks of thinking, but—of the bulk of officers and counsellors. The circle opened on our arrival, and withdrew be. the people of France. hind the emperour. The whole of our

We frankly acknowledge our oblicompany now ranged themselves, the am- gations to him for his communicabassadours in front, and their several coun. tions, avow with readiness that we trymen behind their respective ministers. have derived entertainment and gra

Buonaparte now advanced to the Im- tification from his work; as indeed perial ambassadour, with whom, when present, he always begins the audience. I might be inferred from the copious had now an opportunity to regard him at

extracts in which we have indulged tentively. His person is below the middle ourselves. size, but well composed; his features regular, but in their tout ensemble stern and Comptoirs--Counting houses. commanding; his complexion sallow, and



An Account of the Empire of Marocco, * and the District of Suse; compiled from

Miscellaneous Observations, made during a long Residence in, and various Jour. neys through these Countries. To which is added, an Accurate and Interesting Account of Timbuctoo,* the great Emporium of central Africa. By James Gray Jackson, Est. Review by Mr. Cumberland. London, 1809.

AS this had appeared to me to volving many curious and some truly be a very interesting publication, in- important particulars, I held it to be

* Either the author or the reviewer has chosen, in several particulars to depart from the usual orthography, by writing Marocco instead of Morocco, Timbuctoo instead of Tombuctoo. We have in this instance, adopted the alterations without knowing the reason for which they are made.

Ed. Select Reviews.

a duty, which I owed both to my river is, in fact, a western branch of readers and myself, to employ every the Nile itself, to be traced from its means in my power for tracing cer- source in the Jibbel Kumra, or Moun, tain matters, which seemed to rest tains of the Moon, so called, to its upon simple affirmation, to their true junction with the eastern or Egyptian and genuine sources of authority, streams; the geographer is startled before I set my name to a review by intelligence so new, and would of Mr. Jackson's volume.

paturally urge those questions, which He informs us in his preface, that I have anticipated, and require that it has been “ compiled from various explanation which I have sought for


and obtained. notes and observations, made during a residence of sixteen years in differ- When a traveller makes notes of ent parts of the empire of Marocco.” his own adventures, with a pre-deterThis is a claim, which very few of mined purpose to impart them to the our travelled authors have to prefer, publick, and enjoy the luxury of wri. and certain it is, that the English- ting - book, he makes himself the man, who for sixteen years has vo

hero of his story, and of course luntarily devoted himself to the ha- must make the story worthy of its zard and horrour of living under the

hero. dominion of a Moorish despot, has This certainly was not in the confairly, and to a certain extent, earned templation of Mr. Jackson; the ena title, to be believed, when he is

gagement that occasioned him to make describing what he has seen and

so long a residence in a Mohammedan known and learned of the country: country, and to perfect himself in a yet if he tells of things altogether language, that is spoken in all parts new and strange, and such as it is wheresoever Mohammedans are, were hard to credit, there should be some- of a political as well as a commercial thing more than mere assertion on

sort. In that character he was ap• his part to ensure our faith, and re- pointed by the old government of concile us to the tale of wonder. Holland, agent to the states general, When, for instance, in the chapter and, having negotiated with the emthat treats of zoology, we are told of perour Muley Yezzid, hoisted their the swiftness and abstemiousness of fag at Agadeer or Santa Cruz, and the desert horse, possessing such ex• opened that port to foreign comtraordinary powers, and refusing all merce. Here he established himself sustenance but that of camel's milk, in trade, till he was obliged to leave and above all of the heirie, or camel Santa Cruz, when the present empecalled tasayee, which in traversing rour, jealous, perhaps, of the natural the desert, performs the length of strength of the place, situated at the nine days journies in one, with a extremity of the Atlas Mountains, swiftness, which seems to elude all ordered it to be evacuated. This description except that of a telegraph; measure, dictated in the suspicious we assuredly want something more character of Marocco policy, obliged solid than mere narration to support Mr. Jackson to cross the Atlas the fact, and keep our faith from Mountains with the prince's arnıy, staggering. When in the region and repair to the emperour, who about 'i imbuctoo, as yet unvisited then held his court at Marocco. This by any English, and I might say inland capital was no station for our any European traveller, we are in- author's purpose, and he was pero formed of a river, which would con- mitted to go to Mogodor on the coast vey us

to Grand Cairo through a at the distance of about a hundred tract as thickly strowed with popu- miles, where he again established a lous towns as China; and that this house of commerce, under the firme of James Jackson and Co. when upon and imports, accurately transcribed the death of Mr. Layton the partner- from the original Arabick books of ship being dissolved, the surviver the custom house at Mogodor, a corcame to England, and having no rect idea may be formed of the trade other object but to render his com- carried on in that port. In the list munications useful to the African of exports will be found almost every association, after several interviews article, that is in request either for with them, was induced by the libe- luxury or for general use ; the adral suggestions of the earl of Moira vantages that our traders might deto publish those remarks, and that rive from the vast abundance of raw body of information, which are to materials, that would be bartered be found in the volume now under in exchange for manufactured goods, my review.

are in a manner incalculable; yet such Thus it came to pass, that Mr. is the wretched state of this neglected Jackson, without courting the fame trade, that " with the exception of of an author, has become the unob.

two or three houses, there is, at pretrusive narrator of his own observa. sent, no European establishment of tions, and these he has committed any consequence at Mogodor,” and to the publick with less parade of it is to be feared that Mr. Jackson is dictation, and more inodest avoidance

too well founded in his remark," that of egotism than I can recollect to

with consuls, who are equally unachave observed in any other writers quainted with the language of the of the same description, whether country, and the manners, politicks, their scale of travel has been great

and complexion of the court, we or small, foreign or domestick. For

must not expect that the British merit shall sometimes happen that the chant will be sufficiently encouraged

to make considerable adventures to passenger in a stage coach between Bath and London, shall blow as loud

West Barbary ” a trumpet to puff his pennyworth of

Still it should appear from the adventures, as if he had penetrated opinion of this well informed wriinto unexplored lavitudes, and added ler, that means are in our power, newly discovered countries to the by prudent regulations, and intellimap of earth.

gent, well chosen agents, to revive Travellers of this sort have been of trade.

this languishing, but important branch successfully exposed of late by some, who seem to have a way of getting the empire of Marocco is of the greatest

“A close connexion,” he observes," with at their pocket-books, and yet keep- importance to Great Britain, both in poing clear of the penalties of the litical and commercial point of view; for Jaw.

besides the various articles of trade al

ready enumerated, it affords ample supOf Barbary it may be said, that no plies of provisions ; and if a friendly incountry on the globe, of which so tercourse between the two nations were much has been written, is so little firmly established, we should never have known. In the mean time its natu

any difficulty in victualling not only Gibral fertility entitles it to be consider. raltar, but also all our different fleets

which cruise in the Mediterranean, and ed as the garden of the world. In on the northern coast of Africa; a resource its products it possesses every thing which, in the present state of things, certhat can invite the trader to its coasts, tainly merits the serious attention of this in its government much, that may country. The advantages of a trade with discourage him from resorting to

this empire must be evident, from what them. By referring to the eleventh

has been detailed in the preceding pages, shapter of this volume [p. 193.] of the exports to Marocco consists of manu

where it will be seen that nearly the whole where a statement is given of exports factured goods, and that the returiu for


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