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fick is of high antiguity, long ante- es, and can take away with him, is
cedent to any European practice of that precious metal, the very object
that reproachful nature. So far, he adores, the crown of all his wishes,
therefore, as it may have contami- the reward of all his travel, the first
nated the character of the Christian and last great ruling passion of his
trader, he has to plead in extenuation heart?
of his errour, that he was the last to The name of the rich and potent
begin, and the first to leave it off. monarch, who governed Timbuctoo,

The territory of Timbuctoo, as de- in the year 1800, and was sovereign scribed by Mr. Jackson,

of Bambarra, was Woolo. He is “ May be said to extend north ward to native of the country, and, like his the confines of Sahara, or the Desert, a

people, black. His usual residence tract of country about ninety miles in breadth; the western boundary is one

is in the neighbouring city of Jinnia, hundred and thirty miles west of the city, though he has three palaces at Timand the eastern extends to the Bahar Sou- buctoo, which are said to contain an dan, or the Sea of Soudan, which is a iminense quantity of gold; and forlake formed by the Nile El Abeede, whose tunate it is for Woolo, that his suropposite shore is not discernible.

On its rounding deserts are such an impassa. opposite or eastern shore, begins the ter

ble barrier, else bis black army of ritory of the white people, denominated by the Arabs N'sarrath, Christians, or

five hundred thousand negroes would followers of Jesus of Nazareth. South hardly serve to keep certain maraudof the river is another territory of immense ing white men from unfurnishing extent, the boundary of which extends to

those palaces, whose stores are so Lamlem, or Meili, which latter is report

much more tempting to the plunder. ed to be inhabited by one of the lost or missing tribes of Israel.”

er than the statues and pictures of The city of Timbuctoo would fur- Italy and Spain. Still there are aveDish to the traveller a most interest.

mies, by which commerce may ap. ing spectacle, forasmuch as it is re

proach and reach him, and as he sorted to by traders from all the

will weigh gold even against salt, neighbouring nations, who enjoy per.

when there is a dearth of that nefect security of property and person,

cessary in his country, we have only with unlimited toleration as to their

to find those avenues, and his hoards religious worship, of whatever de

at Timbuctoo will gradually melt scription thai may chance to be. The away into general circulation. The city is about twelve miles in circum- climate of tiis yet unvisited city, is ference, and without walls. The

salubrious in the extreme, which is houses are on one floor, spacious,

more than men bargain for, when and the apartments lighted by doors,

they go to a country that abounds in that open into an interiour

gold. The sexes marry early, for

square ; the inhabitant not requiring the ac

they are in the latitude of 16° 40'; commodation of a window, whilst the

and the natives, as well as those who climate never reminds him of the have resided there any considerable inconvenience of an open door. The

time, have a suavity of manners, women are extremely handsome, and

not to be observed on the northern

side of the desert. There are seve. the men proportionably jealous. In every other respect they are hospita

ral large caravanseras, or houses of ble, splendid, and particularly pride accommodation for travellers in Timthemselves in their attention to stran- buctoo, where they will find lodging gers. What, then, has a European

for themselves and their cattle till to fear in such a community, and better provision can be made for their where can he be so entirely to his establishment. heart's content, as in a country whose I particularly recommend the folmines of gold are inexhaustible, and lowing extract to the attention of my where every thing he sees and touch- readers.

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“ It has been said, that there is an ex- belong to the sultan, and are deposittensive library at Timbuctoo, consisting ed in his before mentioned palaces. of manuscripts in a character differing

I shall now conclude by giving the from the Arabick. This I am inclined to think has originated in the fertile imagi- substance of certain passages, exnation of some poet, or perhaps some tremely curious, which relate to the Arab or Moor, who, willing to indulge at river near Timbuctoo, which is called the expense of European curiosity, has fa- the Nile el Abeede, or Nile of the bricated such a story. In all my inquiries Negroes. In the interiour of Africa, during many years, I never heard of any such library at Timbuctoo. The state li

and amongst the rich traders, who brary, which is composed for the most part of engage in this traffick across the conmanuscripts in the Arabick, contuins a frutinent, there is but one opinion with Hebrew, and perhups Chaldaick books; regard to the Nile of Egypt and the amongst the Arabick it is probuble there are Nile of Timbuctoo, and that opinion many trunslutions from Greek and Latin is, that they are one and the same authors at present unknown to Luropearls.” river, or rather that the latter is the [P. 257.]

western branch of the former. The It seems by this account that there is a state library, and probably many

source of the Nile of Timbucioo is

at the foot of the western branch of Arabick translations of Greek and

the chain of mountains called Jibbel Latin authors hitherto unknown. How much, therefore, is it to be re

Kumra, where it forms a merja, or gretted that Mr. Jackson, qualified swamp. The copious springs, which

, as he is by his perfect knowledge of

throw the water up with great force, Arabick, had not found leisure and

are very numerous, and are found ambition to visit and examine this

on both sides of the mountain, that

is on the eastern as well as on the library, which perhaps contains a

western side. That these streams treasure richer and more valuable to the enlightened world, than all the opinion so general, that the Africans

communicate with each other is an golden palaces, which the negro monarch of Bambarra has in his pos

express their astonishment, whenever

the Europeans dispute the fact, and session!

assert that it is a folly to doubt whatthe The path seems open to adventure, experience of succeeding ages has and the time may come, when those demonstrated to be true. That the who send forth missionaries to ex- Nile of Timbuctoo communicates plore those interesting regions, will with Cairo, has been ascertained to a recollect, that when a traveller can

certainty by a party of seventeen nenot speak the language of the country groes of Jinnie, who proceeded thi. he is in, he will gain very little in- ther in a canoe, on a commercial formation from the people that inha- speculation, and reached Cairo, after bit it.

a trafficking voyage of fourteen It is asserted that the mines belong- months, who reported that there are ing to the sultan Woolo are so pure,

twelve hundred cities and towns, with that lumps of virgin gold are mosques or towers in them, between stantly found of several ounces in Timbuctoo and Cairo, built on or weight. These mines are worked near the banks of the Nile el Abeede by the negroes of Bambarra, who and the Nile Massar, or in otherare thereby made extremely rich,

words the Nile of Soudan and the “ for all pieces of ore, which they Nile of Egypt. Precisely where they take from the mines, not weighing join is not ascertained, or, more protwelve mizams, or about two ounces, perly speaking, has not come to the. become a perquisite to themselves, knowledge of my author. The Nile as a remuneration for their labour, el Abeede being the greater, and and all pieces of a greater weight running through a larger tract of

con

country than the Nile Cham, or Nile ern banks is covered with forests of Massar, is called Nile el Kabeer, the primeval growth, in which are many greater Nile; the Nile of Egypt, trees of great size and beauty. These however, is not called the lesser Nile, forests abound with elephants of an but always, as above, the Nile Cham, enormous size. or Nile Wassar ; Cham being the I now close my imperfect review Arabick name for Egypt, when united of this very interesting work, which to Syria and other countries. The I earnestly recommend to my reaVile el Abeede overflows in the ders, not doubting but they will find same manner as the Nile of Egypt, it altogether as worthy of their study when the sun enters Cancer. At and attention, as the Swedish literati Kabra near Timbuctoo, it becomes have of theirs, who, as I am well ina very large stream. River horses

formed, are preparing a translation and crocodiles are found in it, and in the Swedish language at the unithe country contiguous to its south-versity of Upsala near Stockholm.

FROM THE MONTHLY REVIEW.

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A Poetical Picture of America, being Observations made during a Residence of se.

veral Years at Alexandria and Norfolk, in Virginia ; Illustrative of the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants : interspersed with Anecdotes, arising from a general Intercourse with Society in that Country, from the year 1799 to 1807. By a Lady: 12mo. 48. 1809.

A picture of America in doggerel “ Such dull stupidity was there. rlaymes, but not a poetical picture; I thought it seemed exceeding clear

That those who chose to live and stay unless this epithet be taken in a sense

In this same Alexandria, which the fair writer, we suppose, Must feed on air, or for a treat, cannot mean. We are very modestly Their household furniture soon eat.” told that no muse is invoked;" and At Norfolk, the lady promenaded as the lady seems to have no acquain- to see the lions :" tance whatever on the forked hill, we " The weather fine, I walked about should have commended her pru- To see the town, and view the fort." dence had she abstained from any To open our eyes respecting the trespass on the manor of the muses, supposed cheapness of living in Ämeand confined herself to the plains of rica, it is hinted humble prose. Nothing is gained by

“ That living is not near so low lazy and hobbling rhymes, except it

As people hope when first they go."

Sometimes the lady “ cares not a be the amusement of the reader at the expense of the author ; for it is pin" for grammar, when it opposes impossible, when verse is execrably the

formation of a rhyme ; though, bad, to refrain from laughing at it, in general, she is not very nice in

this latter respect :* whether the subject be the travels or even the sorrows of a lady. For “ Sometimes the young men smart apo example :

pears

And some look well spite of their ears." Unwilling serious thoughts to check,

In allusion to female resources in I took a place upon the deck.”

Further on, we contemplate the America, we are presented with this lady at her ease, regardless even of somehowing couplet: the restraints of rhyme :

“ As money must be had somehow, “We'd time enough to look about,

There every lady has a cow.” The wind grew slack--the mate had sport.

* In one piece, milk is selected as a The state of society in Alexandria rhyme to think. is thus depicted :

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The comtnodities with which the markets in Virginia are supplied « make a figure" in these elegant lines :

s6 The mutton tolerably fat.
The veal as lean as any cat.”
“ Small birds that every taste may hit
They bring from blackbirds to tom-tit.”

“ The other crabs you cheap may buy Eighteen for four pence halfpenny." We

e are very glad to see that this book is printed by subscription; since benevolence is certainly better than taste!

FROM THE BRITISH CRITICK.

a

La Fete de la Rose; or the Dramatick Flowers ; a Holyday Present for Young Peo

ple. By Mrs. B. IIoole. 24to. pp. 22. 6d. 1809. We have read these verses with But geranium declared it was his place to singular pleasure; and young people,

stand in their holydays, may be delightfully Earl marshal, by heirship, at majesty's

hand; amused by them. A walk in the And the myrtle, with blossoms all white garden, with this book in the hand,

as a bride, will be a very interesting entertain- Placed herself with great modesty, close ment. The rose, queen of flowers, by his side. designed to give a feast to her friends;

Then powdered auricula headed his cou

sins, following the example of birds, beasts, Gowslip, primrose, and polyanth, walking and insects ; but the lilly persuades

by dozens. her to have a theatre placed upon the The flaunting ranunculus, yellow and red, lawn, and a tragedy performed, with By the gentle anemone softly was led;

pantomime following. Many of Rich stocks of all ages, behind them were our readers, we think, will readily

placed, pay for a sight of the tragedy, in. Gay pink s intermingled with infinite taste ; terlude, pantomime, and concluding And monkshood a moment forgot all his

Convolvolus opened her eyes on the scene, banquet, if we treat them with a

spleen. view of the theatre,

The marygold gaudy, and love in a mist, “On a hill, near the lawn, with pale vio- With larkspur and hyacinth, shone in the

lets o'ergrown, The queen in full majesty sat on her Mezereon was there in his jacket of red, throne;

And pining narcissus, still hanging liis In a robe of pink satin this Venus was

head ; drest,

His dashing relation, the daffodil came, And a diamond of dew glittered bright on With sprightly miss Jonquil, a sweet scenther breast:

ed dame; A mantle of green moss around her was Poor charity too, in her boddice of blue ; born,

And low-bred nasturtiums whom nobody To soften the radiance it could not adorn;

knew, Behind her as guards, the tall holy-oaks Though none were invited some coxcomba stood,

where there, The carnation sat near her, a prince of the And London-pride simpered to see them blood ;

appear ; The white rose, and damask too, claimed

The sweet-briar and hawthorn united to their high stations,

screen, As peers of the realm, and as royal rela- From vulgar intrusion the throne of their tions ;

queen ; For supporters the lilach and jessamine But in spite of their thorns 'twas beset at came,

all hours, And the flexile laburnum bowed low to the By elegant creepers, and parasite flowers."

dame;

list;

p.7.

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FROM THE LITERARY PANORAMA.

6

Das Krieg spiel, &c. The Game of War. Pamphlet. 8vo. London, 1809. THIS game is founded on the prin. To this character of the game of ciple, that in war success does not war," for which we are beholden to a always depend on the excellence and foreign journalist, we would add, that

, valour of the troops, but much more an officer in command is more frefrequently on the combination of quently at a loss to discern the intenmarches, and on a judicious disposi- tions of his adversary, than to frustion of the different corps of which trate them, when detected, before the army is composed. The ancient they are put in execution. The plans wars, the modern wars in general, laid by two ingenious players, for the and, especially, the military events movements of their troops, would that took place in Germany at the suggest many resources, of which close of 1805, have corroborated this though only one could be executed, principle, and have suggested the several might have merit. The habit idea of this game, which, by uniting of promptitude and decision, yet of amusement with utility, offers to mi- selection, after having compared diflitary men an instructive recreation, ferent plans in the mind, could not by imitating on a map, or plan of any but be strengthened by a friendly kind, the movements of two opposing opposition of this nature. And the armies, and, in which the intention is, after thoughts of what should have to reduce the adversary, by skilful been done, under existing circumcombinations of tacticks and by taking stances, are much inferiour sources all advantages, to give up the game. of anxiety to the mind of the comba

This game has three distinct re- tant, than a wrong order given while commendations: 1. It is much easier countermarching in presence of the to learn than chess: 2. It is more in- enemy. teresting: 3. It is, especially, more Chess is generally understood to instructive to any one who is study- have been conceived in the same ing the art of war: because the same spirit as this “ game of war." It principles are adopted in playing at consists in the attack and defence of it as in real operations in the field, the sovereign powers of two countries, and thereby the party becomes fa- whose dominions are divided by a miliarized with great maneuvres, river. Many famous generals have and learns to derive advantages from desired that their officers should be topographical plans, which have al- familiar with the chess board: and ways considerable influence on the for the same reason we have thought motions of armies, and the positions this article deserving of a place in our taken by troops.

work. The implements for this game are, When Christina, queen of Swea large map, to represent an exten- den, was on her journey to Rome, sive district, and a box with figures, she visited the French academy, and which are disposed according to the desired them to proceed in the allotrules of the game annexed. The ted business of the evening, that she combination is such, that it may be might enjoy their conversation. It played on any map, provided those proved to be the revision of certain who play agree beforehand on the articles of their dictionary of the different roads, the extent of marches, French language. and the strength of the position ;-- The phrase under discussion was: the better to explain these points, “War is the game of Kings.” The they are settled cu a map that is president apologized for the subject, given with the materials for playing as being merely accidental, and intendat this game.

ing no reflection on crowned heads.

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