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Collot turned from him, and burst world. A sketch of his life may not into tears. He called on God and the be unentertaining. holy virgin to come to his assistance. Victor Hugues, born at Marseilles, A soldier, to whom, at his first ar. in France, is about the middle age rival, he had preached his doctrine and size, rather inclining to be lusty. of atheism and infidelity, approach. His whole appearance is so expreser and asked him, why he invoked sive, that his most intimate and best that God and that virgin, whom, but friends dare not accost him without a few months before he had turned
fear. His heavy, ordinary countenance into ridicule? “ Ah! my friend, my expresses the feelings of his soul. His tongue belied my heart." And then round head is covered with short, added: “ My God, my God, dare I thick, black hair, which stands in all still hope for pardon? Oh! send me directions, like the serpents of Eumesome consolation ; send me some one nides. In passion, which is his habiwho will turn aside my eyes from tual fever, his large, thick lips, the the fire which consumes me. Oh seat of ill humour, make you not God! my God! grant me some peace wish that he should open them to and comfort."
speak. His forchead, covered with The approach of his last moments wrinkles, raises or lowers his heavy was dreadful aud horrible in the ex- eyebrows upon his large, hollow, treme. While a priest was sent for, black eyes.---His character is an inhe expired in dreadful agony, vomit- comprehensible mixture of good and ing blood, and every limb distorted. evil. He is brave, l»ut a liar to excess ; “ Discite Justitiam moniti, et non temo cruel, yet feeling; politick, inconsisniere Divos.”—The day of his inter tent, and indiscreet; rash, but pusilment was a bolyday. The negroes lanimous; despotick and cringing; who were to bury, him, anxious to ambitious and
ambitious and crafty, sometimes get to their dances, scarcely put him loyal ; his heart brings no one affecin the earth. His body became food tion to maturity ; he carries every for hogs, and birds of prey.
thing to an excess; although objects Such was the end of a man who strike upon his soul like lightning, possessed many excellent qualities– yet they leave a strong, marked, ter. weak, but irascible to excess ; gene- rible impression. He recognises merous without bounds ; little regard- rit, even at the very moment when he ing fortune; a stanch friend, but a oppresses it; he destroys a feeble most implacable enemy. The revo- enemy; he respects, nay, fears, a lution was his ruin. He meant to ex
courageous adversary, even though piate his crimes in some sort, in the he triumphs over him. Vengeance history of his life, which he began; has made him many enemies. He but his notes could not be found after easily foresees, and provides for, his death.
emergencies ; ambition, avarice, the The garrison of Cayenne consists, thirst of power, tarnish his virtues, generally, of about five hundred re- influence all his thoughts, and identify gular troops, which, with the militia, themselves with his very existence. who form a force of about fifteen He loves nothing, wishes for nothing, hundred men, are under the com- toils for nothing, but gold; he sets so mand of the governour or commis- high a value on this metal, though sioner, who has the chief military, as he already has abundance, that he well as civil command The present would wish the very air he breathes, commissioner is the clebrated gene- the nourishment he takes, and the ral Victor Hugues, who commanded friends who visit him, were all comat Guadeloupe during the revolution, posed of gold. The small portions he and who is well known in the new has scattered at Cayenne, are like the
acts of generosity of the Parnai, or the sound of joy gave place to those of Mithridates, scattering gold upon of terrour and dismay. He was so well the plains of Cisica, to dazzle and re- convinced of the odium which attend. tard the conqueror. These great and ed him, that when he was appointed varying passions are sustained by an to the command of Cayenne, he got indefatigable ardour ; a never-ceas. a letter of recommendation from ing activity ; by enlightened views; Jeannett, who succeeded him at Guaand means always certain, whatsoever daloupe, of which, on his arrival, he they may be. Neither guilt nor vir- caused copies to be circulated in evetue hinders him from employing both ry district. The following is a copy one and the other to serve his pur- of it:pose, though he well knows the dif- “ Worthy inhabitants of Cayenne, ference between them. Ever fearful lay aside your fears. I know that of delay, he always lays hold of the citizen Hugues appears terrible in first favourable means which offer. your eyes; he will restore happiness He appears to honour atheism, which, to your colony; he asks no more of however, he only professes outwardly. fortune. He will cause you, by his
He has a strong, sound, judgment; clemency, to forget the miseries a most retentive memory ; he is a which Guadaloupe experienced ungood practical seaman; a
der his government. It will be his administrator ; an equitable and en- chief ambition to deserve your conlightened judge, when he only listens fidence and esteem.". to his conscience and his understand- Most people took this letter for a ing; an excellent man in any crisis piece of sarcastick irony, and very few of danger and of difficulty, when no indeed, gave faith to it. great management is required. Al- His policy began to manifest itself though the inhabitants of Guadaloupe on his arrival. He permitted the banand Rochefontain reproach him with ished deputies to visit the Island of abuses of power, and revolutionary Cayenne, with proper passportsexcesses, which decency and hu- which was never done by former manity shudder at, yet the English agents. He even visited their hospi(and I have been a witness to it) give tals. The government, he said, had the highest credit to his tacticks and ordered him to treat them with athis bravery.
tention. He praised those inhabitants From a cabinboy Hugues became who had done acts of kindness to a pilot, and afterwards a baker at St. them. He wished, he said, to restore Domingo. At the first insurrection peace and order. He made no change of that colony he went over to France, in the system of police, as left by and was elected a member of the po- Burnel; because the consular governpular society, and of the revolution- ment had only appointed him proviary tribunal, at Rochefort; got him- sionally. He paid off the debts of the self to be appoioted agent to Guada- colony, and corrected the errours of loupe ; retook that Island from the his predecessor. He gave balls and English, and, in all the Antilles, ac- splendid entertainments. The troops quired the esteem of the English, and which had disembarked along with the execration of the colonists. The him were a mixture of deserters stormy and unsettled times, in the from all nations--men ready to urdermidst of which he lived, has com- take any thing, if the thermometer of pletely revolutionized his spirit, and politicks should arrain descend to a life of peace and tranquillity is to anarchy. Whenever prizes were him a sort of anticipated death. brought in, he had their produce
His very name was dreaded through shared most equitably. He put the the colony ; his arrival was looked black soldiers on the same footing as upon as the coming of a wild beast; the white; new modelled their dis
cipline, and brought them to perfec- In the course of his long residence tion. Yet, notwithstanding all this, at Guadaloupe, he has amassed a confor the first six months he could gain siderable fortune. Some say he is not no friends. He had even the precau- worth less than eighty, or a hundred tion to get himself praised in some of thousand pounds sterling, most part the Paris journals, that the colonists of which, it is said, he has well semight see how he was respected in cured in America ; dreading, perFrance.
haps, were he to place it in France, It would appear difficult to reconcile some pretext would soon be found to such rigorous measures as he adopt- make him disgorge some of his illed, with the good he has done the gotten wealth. colony ; and still less, with the praises Yet, in spite of his activity, he has which certain journals bestow upon experienced several losses. Famine him. Herevived trade and commerce, has visited the colony no less than by making himself a merchant. He three times during his agency. He opened, in his own name, a mercan- was never disconcerted. He caused tile concern, in which he sometimes the police to be observed with thefigured as a merchant, and sometimes utmost severity, and kept the neas an agent, to set what value he groes in subjection, more by the terthought proper on the different arti- rour of his name, than by his proclacles.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE BRITISH MAGAZINE FOR THE YEAR 1800. SIR,
AS the present destructive war on It is well known that several ani. the continent holds out no induce- mals, such as frogs, cats, cocks, &c. ment to visit regions annually manu- are influenced by the electricity of red with human blood, I occasionally the atmosphere, and that they are un. amuse myself with turning over a doubtedly sensible of the approaching few foreign publications imported changes of the weather. The spider, into this country.
that gloomy companion of the afflict. That your readers, however, may ed and wretched in cells, is peculiarly not be disappointed, I think it neces: susceptible of impressions originating sary to inform them, that niy taste from the different states of the air ; for reading is confined chiefly to na- and according to an account* given tural history, and the useful, domes- us by M. D’Isjonval, that insect is, tick arts; insomuch that I have, for a perhaps, the most curious and enterlong time, held politicks, metaphy- taining in animated nature. sicks, and all speculative branches of In the commotions which took knowledge, in utter detestation. place in Holland, when the stadthol.
Among the works I lately received der was reinstated by the Prussian by way of Hamburgh, I met with a very extraordinary French pamphlet,
Sur la découverte du rapport constant, on the ingenuity of spiders; and I
entre l'apparition on la disparition, le tramuch doubt, whether any of your fair vail ou le non-travail le plus ou le moins or unfair readers might conjecture, d'étendue des toiles, ou des fils d'attache how this frightful little animal has, in des arraignées des différentes espèces ; an essential manner, contributed to the
et les variations atmosphériques du beau
tems á la pluie, du sec á l'humide, mais conquest of Holland, by the French! principalement du chaud au froid, et de la A proposition so extraordinary re- gelée à glace au véritable dégel ; par le quires a satisfactory explanation. Citoyen Quatremere D'Isjonval, á la Haye,
1795, chez van Cleef.
arms, M. D’Isjonvad was arrested the predictions were strictly verified and imprisoned at Utrecht, where he by the event. spent upwards of seven years, depri- On Wednesday, the 16th of Janu. ved of his liberty. To amuse himself ary, 1795, the wind changed to the during this long confinement, he northward. On Thursday it began to courted the acquaintance of spiders, freeze, and the frost increased to such studied their temperament and consti- a degree, that the French were entution, and, after a long series of ac- abled to enter Utrecht, and to recurate observations, he
made the im- lease their imprisoned countryman, portant discovery, that they were the But on the 20th of January, an unexmost weather wise of all creatures. pected thaw threatened to frustrate Their presentiment of approaching the design of the invaders, who had changes is incomparably more refined advanced with all their heavy artiland certain, than the variations indi- lery, accompanied by an army of one cated by the best barometers, ther- hundred thousand men, to pass theicy mometers, and hygrometers. A wea- bridges which nature had apparently ther glass points out only the pro- constructed for facilitating their bable state of the weather for the next hostile operations. In this critical day; but with respect to a permanent situation, M. D’Isjonval, however, or long continued state of the atmos- remained firmly and confidently phere, this instrument cannot be re- attached to the prognosticks affordlied upon. Spiders, however, have ed him by the social spider.not only an obvious sensation of the He, without hesitation, seized one of approaching changes of the weather, his meteorological assistants, consimilar to that manifested by a ba- fined him in a glass vessel, and derometer, but they also indicate, with livered him over to general Van the greatest exactness, the more dis. Damme, then commanding officer at tant changes for a considerable length Utrecht, with a request to send this of time; nay, they foretell with pre- creature as a hostage to general Picision, for a period of ten days or a chegru, who had his head quarters at fortnight, those states of the atmos- the Hague. And lo! the long legged phere which are of a settled nature. messenger did not disappoint the ex
M. D'Isjonval was so great a friend pectations formed of his prophetick and admirer of spiders, that in his talents. The frost recommenced the room, towards the end of autumn, he next day with greater intensity than once counted not less than 4000 cob- had been experienced in Holland for webs. He informs us in the work ages, and that ill fated country bebefore quoted, that most spiders, in- came an easy prey to the revolutiondeed, conceal themselves during win- izing republicans. ter; but a few still remain active and The discoverer of this extraordicheerful, even in that severe season, nary faculty in spiders further reand continue their usual labours. marks, that from their appearance in These brumal spiders presage an in- autumn, he has deduced rules for astense degree of cold or frost, fre, certaining the probable degree of vequently no less than ten or fifteen getation in meadows or pasture lands, days previous to such a change, even during the following summer. In though they should make their ap- consequence of such conjectures, he pearance in very mild weather, which informs us, that he would venture might still continue for several days. upon a mercantile speculation, to Thus the captive general was en- purchase large quantities of buiter in abled to predict the uncommonly se- the winter ; as he was convinced the vere frost, which decided the fate of demand for this article would be Holland; for though appearances did great, and its price be considerably not at first answer his expectations, advanced. We do not, however, learn
from his pamphlet, whether the event days. But if the spiders be totally in. has justified his expectations. dolent, rain generally succeeds ;
Nor does the ingenious ex-general though, on the other hand, their acdetermine, with any degree of preci- tivity during rain is the most certain sion, to which species of the spider proof, that it will be only of short he was particularly indebted for this duration, and attended with fair and important information. He says, in- very constant weather. According to deed, that those spiders which spin further observations, the spiders retheir webs in a perpendicular direc- gularly make some alteration in their tion, serve as the most accurate ba- webs or nets, every twenty-four rometers; but he does not point them hours. If these changes take place out by the names of the different between the hours of six and seven species. It is, however, probable he in the evening, they indicate a clear alludes to the aranea redimita ; yet änd pleasant night. those winter spiders which, accord- It were much to be wished, that, ing to his account, appear singly in from a multitude of such experimenthat season, seem to belong to ano. tal facts, a regular system could be ther genus, and this again consists formed; as it may not be very diffi. of several species.
cult to observe the labours of spiders, The manner in which these un- according to their different species. tutored little artists carry on their In this manner, an atmospherical araoperations, conformable to the in- neology could be produced ; a work pending changes of the atmosphere, which might not only be useful in is shortly this : If the weather is regulating undertakings by land and likely to become rainy, windy, or in sea, but which, likewise, would be of other respects disagreeable, they fix the greatest importance in mercantile the terminating filaments, on which speculations. M. D’Isjon val has, inthe whole web is suspended, unusual- deed, promised to furnish the publick ly short ; and in this state they await with a calendrier araneologique; but I the influence of a temperature which have not been able to learn, whether is remarkably variable. On the con- he really has fulfilled, or yet intends trary, if the terminating filaments are to fulfil, his promise. made uncommonly long, we may, in I remain, with many good wishes proportion to their length, conclude, for the prosperity of your excellent that the weather will be serene, and magazine, sir, your devoted servant, continue so at least for ten or twelve
FROM TIE BRITISH MAGAZINE.
ACCOUNT OF SOCIVIZCA, A FAMOUS ROBBER. To make the life of a robber pro- terrible dominion which vice exerductive of publick utility, it would be cises over those minds of which it is secessary, that being interrogated by become absolute master. From such a philosopher, he should unveil, with a display the reader might derive an the utmost candour, the tortuons increased love of goodness, justice, windings of his soul. Then we might and integrity, and an augmented horlearn how, and by what degrees, rour of their opposite. He would be crime became familiar to him; ob- endowed with more circumspection, serve the struggles between vice and and especially in those circumstances those principles of justice of which which tend to seduce him into more no human heart is ever entirely de- dangerous consequences, and lead to vested. Then we night lament the a forgetfulness of the principles of delcat of virtue, and tremble at the honour.