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If the life of Socivizca is devested red with excellent and expensive merin part of these useful requisites, it chandise. This was in 1745, when is not without interest, from the num- Socivizca was twenty years old. ber and variety of adventures in which The tranquil life of a merchant did he engaged, and from the publication not suit his active disposicion. He rehaving been prohibited by the old turned to Montenero, attended by ten French government.

persons, who resolved to share his Socivizca was born in 1725, at Si- fate, and in the course of the summer miovo, of parents who professed the massacred forty Turks. His fury Greek religion. His father occupied was entirely directed against that a farm, the proprietors of which were people, and it is even averred, that Turks, and treated him and his fa- he never committed an offence against mily with excessive rigour. Soci. the subjects of Venice, or those of vizca, being of a turbulent and fero Austria. cious disposition, was indignant at After making a great number of these circumstances, and frequently expeditions, in which he was joined plotted with his brothers the means by one of his brothers, he returned 10 of revenge. The father, who was of a Ymoschi, where he resided in tranmild and pacifick turn, exhorted them quillity for nine years, employed in to patience and resignation ; advice ill the trade established by his family. suited to the impetuosity of Soci. Yet from time to time he made exvizca.

cursions to assassinate some Turks. At length, chance brought the The brother who had accompanied masters of the farm, who were three him in his expeditions, being unable brothers, to lodge at the house of So. to settle in a quiet life, joined the civizca's father, with a sum of eigh- most furious aiducos in the country, teen thousand sequins in their pos. The aiducos were formerly a band of session. The young man, addressing Morlachians, who associated to ophimself to his brothers, convinced pose the Turks on the frontiers, in them that they could never find a order to hinder them from peneirasafer opportunity of avenging and en- ting beyond their limits; but at preriching themselves, and by his per sentthe term is used merely to denote suasion they murdered their three robbers on the highway. This youth guests.

formed an intimate connexion with They did not, after committing a Morlachian of the Greek religion, this crime, betake themselves to and chose him for his firobatime. This flight; and although strict inquiries association was an affair of great cewere made, and even some persons remony among the Morlachians: were executed, no suspicion, for a Those who resolved to become protime, fell on the real delinquents. batimes, went together to the altar, However, in about a year, doubts each holding a taper in his hand, and were entertained; partly from So the priest pronounced some prayers civizca's imprudence in displaying over them. Thus united, the friends, his real character, and partly from or probatimes, bound themselves muthe quantity of money which the fa- tually to assist and serve each other. mily were suddenly enabled to ex- Socivizca's brother made an injudipend. They then thought it prudent cious choice of a friend. The proceto ciecamp, with the money they still time gave him an asylum, made hiin retained. The father, who was very drunk, and then delivered him in! old, died by the way.

the hands of the pacha of Traunich, They stopped at Ymuschi in the who put him to death with the most territories of the republick of Venice, cruel tortures. increased their wealth, built a house, Socivizca having learned this event, and opened a shop, which th y sto: immediately repaired to his brother: friend to hear the particulars. He was cape was shot, together with the ir. received by the father, who related fant in her arms. the story in such a manner as to From this time the Turks pursued make him believe that his son was Socivizca with the utmost rancour, entirely innocent. The probatime next and he multiplied his murders and made his appearance, and after a robberies. great display of kindness, went out, Pursued on every side, and anxious under pretence of seeking the finest to obtain a short repose, he retired lamb in his flock to regale his friend; with his family to a country in the but his intention was to deliver him Austrian dominions. He was for three to the Turks who were at Duwno, years, together with his two brothers, twelve miles from his house.

his wife, his son and daughter, an inAs neither the probatime nor the habitant of Carlowitz, and during that lamb were forthcoming, all the fa- period his conduct was irreproachmily retired to rest, and all seemed able. buried in slumber ; but Socivizca did At length some person, whose not sleep. He was tormented with name is not recorded, betrayed him extraordinary forebodings; and un- into the hands of the same pacha who able to endure his internal sensations, had so cruelly put to death one of rose from his bed in search of a light; his brothers; and his wife and chilbut could not find a spark of fire dren were soon afterwards seized in throughout the house.

the same manner. They were all Suspicion and rage now possessed compelled to set out for Traunick; his mind. He sought his arms, but but during the journey, Socivizca could not find them. He called aloud, contrived to make his escape, though but no answer was returned. At he had still the mortification to leave length, he recollected that he had his family prisoners. materials in his pocket to strike fire, When his own safety was ensu

sured, and succeeded in lighting a lamp. He he negotiated with the pacha for the went to the bedside of the father, and liberty of his wife and children ; but Jemanded his arms. The old traitor, in vain. All other methods failing, he who expected his son's return with a determined to write, and his letter is body of Turks, sought to gain time given as a curious specimen of social by equivocating ; but the impetuous feeling, operating on a rugged mind Socivizca dashed out his brains with and ardent disposition. a small axe which he accidentally “ I am informed, O pacha of Bos. found. He then applied to an old fe- nia, that you complain of my escape ; male servant, who, dreading her but I put it to yourself, what would znaster's fate, complied with Soci. you have done in my place? Would vizca's demand.

you have suffered yourself to be As soon as bis arms were restored bound with cords like a miserable to him, he quitted the house, but beast, and led without resistance by lurked at a small distance to watch men, who, as soon as they arrived at the event, and ascertain the extent a certain place, would in all probabiof the probatime's treachery. Of this lity, have put you to death? Nature he soon obtained irrefragable proof, impels us to avoid destruction, and I and retired breathing nothing but have only acted in obedience to her vengeance.

laws. He assembled a few friends, and " Tell me, pacha, what crime have surrounding the traitor's habitation, my wife and children committed, set it on fire. Seventeen persons pe- that, in spite of law and justice, you rished in the flames. An unfortunate should retain them like slaves ? Perwoman attempting to make her es. haps you hope to render nie noore


submissive ; but you cannot surely dear to him, that induced Socivizca expect that I shall return to you, and to quit the life of a robber. That efhold forth my arms to be loaded with fect was produced by other causes. fresh chains. No; you do but deceive His troop took prisoner a Turk yourself, and render me more ter- who had favoured the escape of one rible than before. Hear me then, pa- of Socivizca's brothers. The brother, cha: you may exhaust on them all in opposition to the wish of the chief your fury, without producing the and the rest of the band, was anxious least advantage. On my part I de- to return the favour. The captive was clare, I will wreak my vengeance on

destined to die ; but the grateful roba all the Turks, your subjects, who ber, while Socivizca was at prayers, may fall into my hands; and I will a ceremony which he never omitted omit no means of injuring you.--For before meals, set him at liberty. All the love of God, restore to me, I be- the aiducos were outrageous against seech you, my blood. Obtain my par- the brother of Socivizca, and one of don from my sovereign, and no lon- his nephews carried his resentment ger retain in your memory my past so far as to give him a blow. The inoffences. I promise that I will then dignant uncle drew a pistol, and killleave your subjects in tranquillity, ed him on the spot. Socivizca exand even serve them as a guide when pelled his brother from the troop, and necessary

after performing the funeral obse“ If you refuse me this favour, ex- quies of his nephew, felt so great a pect from me all that despair can degree of mortification, that he deprompt. I will assemble my friends, termined to pass the remainder of his carry destruction wherever you re- days in retirement. side, pillage your property, plunder But the habits of a long life are not your merchants; and from this mo- so easily changed. After a short rement, if you pay no attention to my treat, he suddenly resumed his occuentreaties, I swear that I will mas- pation of plundering on the highway. sacre every Turk that falls into my After so many massacres and robhands."

beries, Socivizca found himself in The pacha did not think proper to possession only of six hundred sepay much attention to the letter of a quins. Part of this sum he confided to highway robber, and Socivizca ex- a friend, and part to a cousin, both of erted himself in accomplishing the whom absconded with the deposit. vow he had made. He desolated the At length, in 1775, the emperour country, giving proofs of a prodigious Joseph II. passing by Grazach, where

insomuch that the people Socivizca then resided, was desirous were obliged to entreat the pacha to to see him. He had him brought into deliver them from so great a scourge, his presence, interrogated him himby sending back his wife and chil- self, made him repeat the chief events dren. The pacha, however, was inex- of his life, and besides making him a orable, and Socivizca could only ob- considerable present in morey, aptain the liberty of his family by a pointed him to the post of arambassa fortunate co-operation of force and of Pandours. He was living at Grastratagem.

zach in 1777, when his history was It was not the satisfaction of re- first written, and it is not known whegaining the society of persons so ther he is yet dead. (1800.]


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Could any of your readers tell me side, and the other opposite the par. the origin of the phrase: “ He does liament house, old palace yard, Westo it under the rose ?"

minster. Here the retainers and ser.

J. HALL. vants of the noblemen attached to the Under the rose we speak it."*.

duke of York and Henry VI. used to And at a venture, also, we take it, meet. Here, as disturbances were that the expression“ under the rose,”

frequent, measures either of defence like that which says, “ he that is or of annoyance were taken, and every hanged need fear no colours," arose

transaction was said to be done from the wars. It may be asked :

“ UNDER THE ROSE;" by which the What wars engendered the former most profound secrecy was presumed. phrase ? To which we reply, the From this, we believe, the phrase wars betwixt the houses of York and spread, and became a term of general Lancaster. These, it is well known, acceptation : and it is curious to obobtained, for ages, the popular appel. serve, that in the time of James I, the lation of “ The contention betwixt the authors whom we have quoted in our two roses.” In this conflict, the oppo- motto, put it, as a colloquial expressite adherents wore as badges, the sion, into the mouth of Vandunke, the cognizances of their different parties. governour of Bruges : intending, perThey swore by the red or the white haps, to intimate, that it was in use in rose; and these opposite emblems Flanders, which, we need not hint to were displayed as the signs of two

our friend Mr. H. was part of the taverns ; one of which was by the dominions of the dutchess of Bur.

gundy, daughter of Richard, duke of *Beggars' Bush, comedy, Beaumont and York, and sister to Edward IV. Fletcher, act ii. scene 3.




YOUR explanation of the phrase, to the following epigram for his
56 under the rose," in your last authority :
number, is extremely ingenious and Est rosa fios Veneris, cujus quo facta late-
novel. It is indeed so plausible, that


Harpocrati, matris dona, dicavit amor: I should incline to trust to it, had I

Inde rosam mensis hospes suspendit amicis , not always imagined that phrase to

Conviva ut sub ea dicta, tacendo sciat. have been derived from an ancient custom, observed at Grecian festivals. The Rose, the flower of Venus ! sweetly The learned Potter thus describes it:

veils, 56 The rose, being dedicated by Cupid And furtive loves, and secret joys, con. 10 Harpocrates, the god of silence, to ceals. engage him to conceal the lewd ac- “My mother's gift, thou god of Silence tions of Venus, was an emblem of And be the emblem thine !" So Cupid

take, lence; whence to present, or hold it

spake. up to any person in discourse, served Hence o'er his TABLE, the wise host sus. instead of an admonition that it was pends time for him to hold his peace. And The Rose, that hints its silence to his in entertaining rooms, it it was cus


And what beneath the Rose those hours tomary to place a rose above the table,

reveal, {0 signify that what was there spoken, The guests in sacred silence may conceal. should be kept private." Potter refers


IN your last number, your corres- must have been frequently chosen pondent, Mr. J. Hall, expresses a for such purposes; and that, in time, wish to be informed, what is the the expression,

" under the rose,' origin of the phrase, under the rose. might be figuratively applied to every The wild rose tree [Rosa sylvestris] thing, in which secrecy and fidelity it is well known, abounds in solitary were required ? places, and at a distance from the This account may probably not be haunts of man. Now, as such retired deemed satisfactory, by many of your spots are well suited, not only as pla- readers. To such I can only say, in ces of rendezvous for lovers, but for the words of the Roman poet : others engaged in transactions that shun the light of day, and where they Candidus imperti; si non, his utere me.

Si quid novisti rectius istis, can unbosom themselves in perfect

NEMO, confidence to each other, is it not London, June 19, 1809. natural to suppose, that these places




While tender glances theiremotions speak,

And oft they heave and oft suppress the [By Mrs. Opie.]

sigh; Then thou hast learnt the secret of my 0, turn to me, behold my pallid cheek soul;

Shrinking from thine, behold my down Officious Friendship has its trust betrayed;

cast eye! No more I need the bursting sigh control; Nor summon pride my struggling soul to While they by mirth, by wit, thine ear aid.


And by their eloquence thy plaudit's seek; But think not banished hope returns again,

See me, the fond contention still refuse, Think not I write thy thankless heart to

Nor in thy presence, Henry, dare to speak. move; The faded form, that tells my tender pain, When asked to breathe the soul enchants May win thy pity, but it can't thy love.

ing song, Nor can I move thee by soft winning art,

See them o'erjoyed exert their utmost art; By manners taught to charm, or practised While vainly I would join the choral glance;

throng, Artless as thine, my too, too feeling heart Lost are those tones which once could

touch the heart. Disdains the tutored eye, the fond ad

But, Henry, wert thou in love's language The cold coquette, to win her destined wise, prey,

Vainly would others more than Emma May feign a passion, which she ne'er çan

shine ;

Beyond their sweetest strains thy heart But I, true passion's soft commands obey, would prize And fain my tender feelings would con- One faint, one broken, tender tone of mine. ceal.

O proofs of passion, eloquent as vain! In others' eyes, when fixed on thine, I see By thee unheeded, or perhaps unknown...

That fondness painted, which alone I know; But learn, the pangs that prompt this Think not, my Henry, they can love like

pensive strain, me,

Ere long, disdainful youth, may be thine More love I hide than they can e'er bestow.




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