Obrázky na stránke



fested a stoical contempt for money. refunded into the military chest, out When he spoke about it, which was of my own property. It is but fair that rarely, it was always in way I should be answerable for the officers which induced the belief, that he had which I employ." almost completely forgot its value. Souworow always delighted in reHe never carried any about him; was taining soldier-like manners. When unacquainted with the price of every saluting any one, he would stop, turn article; and never paid for any thing his toes out, stand erect, put back his himself

. An old soldier, named Ti- shoulders, as on parade, and carry chinka, who had saved his life, and his right hand opened to the right whom he had attached to his person, side of his little helmet, as soldiers by making him his private aide-de- do, when saluting one of their com. camp, was at the same time, his ma- manders. When he wanted to show it jor-domo, his steward, his caterer, higher degree of copsideration, he and had exclusively the care of all would stoop very low, with a tolerably his expenditure. He never carried ill grace, without altering the posiabout him watch or jewels, except in

tion of his arms, or feel. grand ceremonies, when he would His simplicity was not remarkable deck himself with all the diamonds in his dress only; it was equally conhe had received from the generosity spicuous in his food, in his lodgings, of several sovereigns, on account of and generally, in all his habits. his victories. Even then he consider- “ The simplest apartment,” says ed them as monuments of his glory, the author, “was always the one he and not as trappings of vanity. The preferred. Care was taken, consefinest diamonds could have no value quently, to remove every costly artiin his eyes, unless they were the re- cle of furniture from the place he was compense of some brilliant military to inhabit. He rarely slept in a house, achievement Accordingly, if, when when bis army was encamped. His glittering with all those riches, he tent was dressed at head-quarters, in chanced to be near a stranger, he acornerof the garden. There he would would take delight in showing him stay the whole night, and the greater every decoration, one after the other, part of the day; and hardly ever did telling him: “At such an action, I he enter the house where his staff obtained this order; at such another, was, but at the hour of dinner. His this, &c.” This enumeration, doubt- tent was that of a subaltern officer. less very excusable, was the only Never, during the whole of his miligratification of which his mind was tary career, did he spend a whole susceptible, at the sight of all these night in a bed. A few bundles of hay, treasures.

neatly spread on the ground, was his The author quotes many instan- most sumptuous couch. Such was ces of Souworow's disinterestedness, his usual bed, wherever he was lodg highly creditable to his principles, ed, even in the empress's palace. and to his loyalty. We shall notice “He had neither equipage nor only the following:

horses, either for draught or saddle; “ An officer of his staff lost, by gam- in short, he had no retinue. A single bling, sixty thousand roubles, belong- servant was employed on his personal ing to the military chest (about ten attendance; for the momentary serthousand guineas) Souworow imme. vice of his house, he used to engage diately sent for the officer, punished as many soldiers, or cossacks, as him, and wrote to the empress: were wanting. His coach, which was officer has taken sixty thousand rou- a plain kibitk, was drawn by post (or bles from the treasury of the army; impressed) horses. When going to but before your majesty shall receive command his troops, either in mathis letter, the money will have been næuvres, or in battle, he would ride


" An


the first horse he could find; some of the first of virtues, bore, above all times that of a cossack, but, general. other things, the stamp of his oddity ly, Tichinka, his aide-de-camp, would of mind. After passing part of the lend him one."

night with his wife, which, by the Among marshal Souworow's qua- by happened but seldom, he would lities, none was oftener conspicuous suddenly withdraw, to receive the than his uniform and real good nature. usual affusion of sundry pails of He never met with children without water on his naked body, as already kissing them, and giving them his related. blessing. He was, all his life, an affec- The marshal was remarkable, tionate relative; a true friend; and a above all other things, by his unregood father. He, however, considered served frankness of speech. From his it as the duty of a warriour, to indulge feelings on this subject, he could not, the affections of the soul, only in without being shocked, listen to those those moments, which could not be equivocal phrases, those ambiguous employed in pursuit of glory. These answers dictated by Aattery, fear, or principles were the invariable rule of baseness. Accordingly, any officer his conduct; the following anecdote who unluckily answered him in that proves

manner, was for ever lost in his opi“ He was going to join the army, nion. He called those kinds of people not knowing when he should return; Niesnaiou, a Russian word, meaning but he ardently wished to embrace his I don't know; possibly; perhaps. children. To satisfy at once his love When he wanted to discover wheof glory and the affections of his ther any individual possessed firmheart, he went out of his road, and ness of mind, he would take a delight without stopping, day or night, be in often putting to him, suddenly, arrived post haste at the door of bis and before every one, the most out residence in Moscow. The whole of the way questions. He thought household was in bed. He precipitate- but little of those, who, through rely alighted from his carriage, gave a serve or timidity, could not answer gentle rap; was admitted, and made him; and, on the contrary, he conhis way, without noise, to his chil- ceived a high esteem for those whose dren's chamber. With a light in his repartees were sprightly, concise, and hand, he gently opened their curtains; wiity. “He," would he say, 6. who is contemplated with emotion those put out of countenance by mere objects of his affections; bestowed on words, is likely to be much more them his blessings, and his kisses; perplexed by an unexpected attack then closed again the curtains, went from the enemy." Frequently, too, down, vaulted in

coach, and he would intrust to his officers the departed without having disturbed duty of writing his official accounts. their repose."

His esteem and his friendship were Souworow remained always proof the rewards of the sagacity and actiagainst the seductions of love. He vity manifested in the execution of considered connexions with the sex that task. These two qualities he as highly prejudicial to military men; imparted to all around him: all felt and as impairing their courage, their the electrical shock. The words I morals, and their health. When in don't know; I cannot; impossible; were some companies he was placed, in blotted out of his dictionary. They spite of himself, near ladies, he avoid- were replaced by these: Learn; do; ed, in a very comical way, casting his try. eyes on them, and, above all, touching After perusing the foregoing, no them. When married, he felt only one will be surprised to learn, that friendship for his wife. His notions Souworow had a great antipathy to of modesty, which he considered as one courtiers. He not only called them all niesnaiou, but he besides chose them nying his singing with many jerks as the constant butts of his sarcasms, and contortions. During his exile at which were the more bitter, as he Novorogod, in his 70th year, Souwostopped at nothing, named every one, row, by a superstitious oddity, would and had a very satirical turn of mind, wreak the indefatigable activity of his and of expression. He was often heard temper on the bells of his village, of to speak openly, truths, which neither which he got himself elected parish the presence of the sovereign, nor clerk. He alone, night and day, rang that of the parties interested, nor, in the peals for the different offices; short, any consideration, could induce which he afterwards sang with the him to repress. This conduct, as priest amidst the peasants. Every mi. might be expected, made him a great nister of worship, he deemed to be number of enemies at court, where entitled to his respects. Often he he was detested. Intrigue and cabal would stop before a simple priest, or followed him into the very midst of a pope, and always before a bishop, camps, struggling to deface his fame. to ask their blessing. After having

Souworow always showed himself received that of the officiating priests, very strict on the score of subordina- he would, in general, turn towards nation. The most trifling fault of dis. his officers, and impart it to them. obedience, was punished by a severe Notwithstanding his regard for clerchastisement; marked with the usual gymen, he very well knew, however, oddity of his temper. He had con- when necessary, how to make a disceited the idea of setting himself up tinction between the priest and the as a pattern of subordination to his individual. In one of his campaigns, army, and he thus proceeded to effect arriving at a village, he perceived the

, it.

clergyman of the place. He immedi“ He told Tichinka, to order him ately alighted from his horse, to ask to leave the table, whenever he his blessing; and a few moments aftershould perceive that through absence wards, on complaints made to him of mind, he continued eating beyond against that ecclesiastick, he ordered his usual appetite. He would then for him a bastinado of fifty stripes. turn towards him with a grave, and, Souworow was deeply learned in at the same time, a comical look, and ancient and modern history; and ask him: By what authority ?'- knew intimately the details of the

By order from marshal Souworow,' private life of the celebrated generals He must be obeyed,' would he say, who had preceded him. He spoke laughing; and instantly leave the ta- eight languages; and expressed himble. The same farce was acted, when self in French with as much facility his occupations kept him too long as if he had been born in France. He confined. Tichinka then ordered him was an utter stranger to all refineto go out. He made the same ques. ment in style. His mode of writing tion: his aide-de-camp made the same and of speaking, was short, concise, answer: and the marshal went imme- energetick, original, and unconnected. diately to take a walk.”

Every one of his phrases of three or This old warriour was very pious. four words formed a complete sense His first care after rising, either at and sentence. But, this laconicism was night or at daybreak, was to say his above the comprehension of many, prayers. He also prayed for a long and especially of foreigners, who saw time in the evening, before going to in it nothing but enigmas. He seldom bed. In common with all Russians, wrote himself; and avoided, above all he had a great reliance on St. Nicho- things, negotiations which were to las. He attended divine service with be carried on in writing. A pen, would much composure; singing the office he say, looks awkward in the hand of along with the priest, and accompa• & soldier. There are, accordingly, but


[ocr errors]


few letters extant, entirely in his own pondence with marshal Souworow, hand-writing. He wrote the following yet having an impression of his seal on the head of a drum, amid the in our possession, we shall attempt to smoking ruins of Tourtoukaya; to convey some idea of the composition the field-marshal Romanzoff, to an- comprised in it to our readers: in an nounce to him the taking of that English nobleman it would be deemplace:

ed a singularity. Slawo Bogou, slawo bowan!

The shield is square, divided into Glory to God! Glory to thee! five principal compartments: in the Tourtaukaya woiala, ia tam.

upper of which is the imperial eagle, Tourtoukaya taken is, by me. over its head a crown; in its right Whatever came from his pen had claw a sceptre, in its left a globe; the the same characteristick energy and field is or. In the compartment to the conciseness. Usually, he gave the right, a plume of three feathers, with subject of his letters to one of his staff a kind of broach marked K. The field officers; who, from his instructions, purpure: a very broad bend, on which wrote them, and brought them to is a heart, separates this from three him for his signature.

cannon mounted, on a field vert. In He was in the habit of frequently the compartment to the left, out of haranguing his troops; but he had a cloud issue three forked lightnings not, on those occasions, the same and strike a falling crescent: the field. merit of conciseness. His orations azure; a band, inscribed RHYMNKI, lasted an hour, sometimes two; even separates this from two swords crosin the middle of winter “I recollect," sed, tied together by a wreath, on a says the author, “that one day, in the field gules: the centre is charged with month of January, on the parade in a smaller shield, also square; in the the grand square of Warsaw, it was right compartment of which is a coat eleven o'clock, a body of ten thousand of mail, and round it, the word men, formed in a hollow square, BERHOCTI: the left compartment filled that place. The cold was in- contains a sword crossed by an arrow, tense, a penetrating sleet fell from motto BABERVN. The main shield the icy heavens In the middle of rests on two kettle drums (below) and thal square battalion, the Marshal, two marshal's staffs (above). The cľad only in his white dimity jacket, supporters are two lions rampant, began his usual harangue. He soon standing on a bracket, from which perceived that the inclemency of the depend the ribands and stars of all season made his speech appear much the orders obtained by this war jour; in too long; and hereupon ne determin- number len: the imperial eagle with ed to make it last two hours. Every two marshal's staffs crossed on its hearer returned to quarters benumb- breast, forming a center. The whole ed with cold; and almost every soul, of this is on a spreading mantle, generals, officers, soldiers, and all, gules, furred ermine; surmounted took cold. The marshal escaped the with a large coronet. The height of disorder, notwithstanding his dimity this seal is two inches and a quarter: jackel. I seldom saw him so gay. the breadth is one inch and seven Perpetual coughings echoed through eighths. his apartments. This pleased him It is not in our power to identify highly. He enjoyed himself in the the different orders pendent from the idea, that he had given his army the front of this bracket; neither do we example of bidding defiance to fa- know whether they are arranged in tigues, to winter and all its horrours." any order of precedence; or in the

Though we do not profess to have order of donation. been in the habit of epistolary corres

The following character of the celebrated Whitfield is extracted from Jay's Memoirs

of Cornelius Winter, a work lately published. HE used too much severity to patient enough one day to receive a young people, and required too reason for his being disappointed unmuch from them. He connected cir- der a particular occurrence, he hurt cumstances too humiliating with pub- the mind of one who was studious to lick services, in a young man with please. He discovered it by the tears whom he could take liberty; urging it occasioned, and on reflection, he that it was necessary as a curb to the himself burst into tears, saying, “ I vanity of human nature, and referred shall live to be a poor, peevish old to the young Roman orators, who af- man, and every body will be tired of ter being exalted by applauses, were me.” He frequently broke the force sent upon the most trifling errands. of his passiorf by saying: “ How could His maxim was, if you love me you you do so, I would not have served will serve me disinterestedly. Hence you so." He

commanded he settled no certain income, or a haughtily and always took care to apvery slender one upon his dependants, plaud when a person did right. He many of whom were sycophants, and never indulged partiesat his table. A while they professed to serve him, select few might now and then breakunderhandedly served themselves fast with him, dine with him on a effectually. Under this defect his Sunday, or sup with him on a Wedcharity in Georgia was materially in- nesday night. In the latter indulgence jured; owing to the wrong conduct he was scrupulously exact to break up of some who insinuated themselves in time. In the height of a conversainto his favour by humouring his tion I have known him abruptly say: weakness, and letting him act and “But we forget ourselves," and rising speak without contradiction. He was from his seat, and advancing to the impatient of contradiction: but this door, add: “ Come, gentlemen, it is is a fault to be charged upon almost time for all good folks to be at home.” all great people. I could mention Whether only by himself, or having some. He was not happy in his wife; but a second, his table must have but I fear some who had not all the been spread elegantly, though it proreligion they professed, contributed duced but a loaf and a cheese. He to his infelicity. He did not inten- was unjustly charged with being given tionally make his wife unhappy. He to appetite. His table was always preserved great decency and spread with variety. A cow heel was decorum in his conduct towards her his favourite dish and I have known Her death set his mind much at li- him cheerfully say: " How surprised berty. She certainly did not behave would the world be, if they were to in all respects as she ought. She peep upon doctor Squintum, and see could be under no temptation from a cow heel only upon his table." He his conduct towards the sex; for he was neat to the extreme in his person was a very pure man, il strict exam- and every thing about him. Not a paple of the chastity he inculcated upon per must have been out of place, or others. No time was to be wasted; put up irregularly. Each part of the and his expectations generally went furniture must have been likewise in before the ability of his servants to its place before we retreated to rest. perform his commands. He was very He said he did not think he should exact to the time appointed for his die easy, if he thought his gloves were stated meals; a few minutes delay out of their place. There was no rest would be considered a great fault. He after four in the morning, nor sitting was irritable, but soon appeased. Not up after ten in the evening. He never



« PredošláPokračovať »