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quantity of fine wool, the produce of creased as much as possible, and mainGerman Merino sheep, was imported tained in its utmost purity. into this country from Hamburgh, From that time to the present the and used by our manufacturers, as a opinion of the publick, sometimes substitute for Spanish wool. In truth, perhaps too unwary, and at others too some of this wool was so fine that it cautious, in appreciating the value carried, in the British market, as high and adopting the use of novel kinds a price as the best Spanish piles were of sheep, has gradually inclined to sold for, in times of peace and amity give that preference to the Merinos

In the year 1787, the king, guided which is so justly their due. At first, by those patriotick motives which it was impossible to find a purchaser are ever active in his majesty's mind, willing to give even a moderate price gave orders for the importation of either for the sheep or for their wool. Merino sheep for his own use, and The shape of the sheep did not please for the improvement of British wool. the graziers, and the wool-staplers As it was doubtful at that time whe.

were utterly unable to judge of the ther the king of Spain's license, merit of the wool, it being an article without which these sheep cannot be so many times finer and more valua. embarked at a Spanish port, could be ble than any thing of the kind that obtained, it was deemed advisable to had ever before passed through their make the first purchases in the parts hands. The butchers, however, were of Estremadura, adjoining to Portu- less timorous. They readily offered gal, and to ship the sheep for England for the sheep, when fat, a fair mutton at Lisbon. The first importation of price; and there are two instances in these valuable animals arrived in which, when the fat stock agreed for March, 1788, and a little flock of was exhausted, the butcher who had them was soon after completed; but bought them anxiously inquired for as these were of various qualities, have more, because he said the mutton was ing been drafted from different cava- so very much approved of by his best nas, his majesty was pleased to order custoniers. an application to be made to the king It was not, however, till the year of Spain by lord Auckland, then his 1804, thirteen years after their first majesty's minister at that court, for introduction, that it was deemed permission to import some sheep practicable to sell them by auction, drafted from one of the prima piles. ihe only certain means of placing aniThis was obtained; and a little Rock, mals in the hands of those persons consisting of 36 ewes, 4 rams, and I who set the highest value upon them, manso, arrived safe and well at Do- and are, consequently, the most likever, in 1791. These sheep had made ly to take proper care of them. The a part of the cavana called Negrete, attempt, however, succeeded; and the one of the three piles restricted from prices given demonstrated, that some exportation, and which is likewise re- at least, of his majesty's subjects, markable for producing the largest had, at that time, learned to put a due carcased sheep that are to be found value, on the benefit his royal patriotamong the Merino flocks, as has been ism offered to them. One of the rams before stated.

sold at the first sale, for 42 guineas, On the receipt of this treasure (for and two of the ewes for 11 guineas such it has since proved itself to be) each; the average price at which the the king, with his usual prudence and rams sold, was 191. 4.s. and that of foresight, ordered the whole of the the ewes 81. 158. 6d. each. sheep that had been procured by the This most useful mode of distrie way of Portugal to be disposed of, bution, has, since that time, been an. (which was immediately done) and nually continued, and the sales have directed the Negrete breed to be in- taken place in the beginning of Aus

were

gust. The last sale was beld on the The race of another capital cavana 17th of August, 1808, when the has now been added to the riches of highest price given for a ram was 741. this country, the Paular, and the 118. for a ewe 381. 178. The aver- draught from it is larger than on any age price of rams was 331. 108. ld. other occasion, has been suffered to of ewes, 231. 128. 5d. a most decisive leave Spain. The animals have been proof, not only, that the flock had ri. selected with skill and attention. The sen very materially in publick esti- pile they belong to stands at the very mation, but also, that the sheep have top of our English list, and the sheep not, in any way, degenerated from have been most fortunately placed at their original excellence.

the disposal of our most gracious The wool, was at first, found to be king, whose shepherds have demonquite as difficult of sale, as the sheep strated to the publick, in an expethemselves. Manufacturers rience of seventeen years of their therefore employed to make a consi- management of these interesting aniderable quantity of it into cloth, mals, that ihey can not only continue which, when tinished, was allowed by the breed in its original purity, but both woollen-drapers and tailors, to can also preclude all danger of dege. be quite as good as cloth made of neration in the article of wool. What wool imported from Spain. But even more can be wished for on this head ? this proof would not satisfy the scru- That spirit of patriotism, which inples of the wool buyers, or induce duced our sovereign to declare himthem to offer a price at all adequate self the protector of the purity of the to the real value of the article. It was Negrete race, will also, it is most found necessary, therefore, to have earnestly to be hoped, induce his mathe wool scoured, and to sell it in jesty to extend the same protection that state as Spanish wool, which, to the newly arrived Paulars. By this though grown in England, it really measure, and by this alone, the publick was. Thus managed, the sales were will be effectualiy guarded against all easily effected for some years, at a

danger of the admission of impure price equal to that demanded for the blood, which the avarice of ill judging prima piles of imported Spanish individuals, seeking after a premature wool, at the times when the bargains improvement of the carcase, has too · were made.

often, it is feared, introduced into our Time and patience, have, at last, English flocks. Thus protected, the superseded all difficulties; and his twofold treasure obtained for the admajesty's wool has now, for some vantage of his subjects by his majesyears, been sold as clipped from the ty's wisdom and foresight, will besheep's backs, the sheep having been come a perennial fountain of true washed, and the whole management Merino blood, to which those agriof them carried on exactly in the culturists who are wise enough 10 English manner, at a price not lower adopt the breed, may, from time to than 4., 6d. a pound, which, allowing time, resort, to correct their errours, for the loss of weight in the scouring, if they fall into bad practices, to carcosts the buyer at least 58. 6d. a ry on their crosses, if any such are pound, a tolerable price for Spanish found to be advantageous, to the wool, when plenty of it could be pro- highest degree of perfection, and to duced, though not possibly so high restore the originality of their stock, a one as ought to have been given, if, in consequence ofany unsuccessful or as will be obtained for the Anglo- experiment, it should have suffered Negrete pile, when the value of the deterioration. article is fully understood,

Pushionable form of invitation to a

The young Man desires that Bidding Wedding in Wales.

all Gifts of the above Nature, due to WHAT is called a bidding wedding

his late Father, may be returned to him is well known in many parts of our

on the said Day, and will be thankful

with his Mother and Brothers for all island; but in very few, if any, is it maintained in so much simplicity and

Gifts conferred on him. Also, the publicity as in Wales.--A very cor

young Woman's Father and Mother

desire that all Gifts of the above Na. rect register is kept of the presents made on such occasions; and, as ap

ture due to them, may be returned to

the young Woman on the above Day, pears from a copy of an invitation of this nature, which we have been fa

and will be thankful for all Favours voured with, and inserted below. The

conferred on the young Woman.fulfilment of the obligations contract

THE DUKE OF BOURBON. ed on former occasions, is seriously THIS illustrious personage, who and firmly demanded. The follow

was taken prisoner at the glorious ing is copied correctly from the form

battle of Agincourt, suffered eighprinted and circulated on the occasion

teen years confinement, and died in described in it. We are too late to

London, on the very day of his enadd our “ Donation;" and, therefore, largement, after eighteen thousand can only offer to David Jenkins and pounds had been paid for his ransom. Mary Evans, our best wishes for their mutual happiness.

CORNARO. N. B. The difference between this

This celebrated Venetian, who publick preliminary to the contracting mious regimen, was, till his fortieth

the utility of an absteof matrimony, and the marriage manufactory of Gretna Green, described year, tormented with maladies that Select Reviews, &c. vol. I.

embittered his existence. He, at Yet both are institutions ! in the same

length, resolved to change his mode island.

of living; and in one year after the observance of the temperate plan, his complaint entirely disappeared, nor

had he ever afterwards occasion to FEBRUARY 4th, 1809.

have recourse to medicine. He con

tinued healthful, and cheerful, to his “ As we intend to enter the Matri- eightieth year, retaining so perfectly monial State, on Friday the 3d Day that he affirmed he could, at that age,

his mental and corporal faculties, of March next, we are encouraged perform most of those things that he by our Friends to make a BIDDING

had been accustomed to do in his on the Occasion, the same day, at our Dwelling house,called Ty'n-y-ffynnon, but little harassed either with sickness

youth. He died quietly in his chair, in the Parish of Llanddewi-aierarth, when and where the Favour of your

or pain, in 1631. good Company is humbly solicited,

QUEEN HENRIETTA. and whatever Donation you will be Henrietta Maria, the wife of Charles pleased to bestow on either of us that 1. was, at the death of her father, Day, will be cheerfully received, Henry IV. but newly born. Barberini, warmly acknowledged, and readily who was afterwards Pope Urban VIII. repaid, whenever applied for, on a being at that time Nuncio in France, similar Occasion, by

came to offer his congratulations on Your very humble servants,

her birth, and found that the queen DAVID JENKINS, mother would have been betier please 11.4RY EVANS. ed to have produced a son. Madam,

p. 116.

a

said he, I hope before I die, to see

METEORICK STONES. this your youngest daughter, a great ON the 19th of April 18. 8, at one queen. And I, replied the queen, hope o'clock in the afternoon, a great quan. she will live to see you a Pope. These tiiy of meteorolites fell in the comprophetical compliments were strict- mune of Pieve di Casignano, in the ly verified, and that too within a short department of Taro (formerly the time of each other.

dutchies of Parma and Placentia).

The air was calm, and the sky serene, METEMPSYCHOSIS. The very ancient doctrine of the but with a few clouds. Two loud ex: transmigration of the soul still pre- veral less violent, after which several

plosions were heard, followed by se vails in many parts of the east, where it is facetiously said, that the souls of stones fell. A farmer who was in the poets animate, after death, the bodies from him, and bury itself in the

fields saw one fall about fifty paces of grasshoppers, as these insects usually sing till they starve.

ground It was burning hot. A fragment of one of these stones is deposi.

ted in the museum at Paris. AT the assizes for one of the mid

JEVENILE LINGUIST. land counties, a woman was tried for

Progress of the English language the murder of her bastard child, and after the Judge had taken great pains in allied countries being a iteral copy in explaining the provisions of lord of an advertisement (published out of Ellenborougħ's act, the jury acquitted compliment to the English garrison) her of the murder, and found her for St. Ferdinand's Theatre at Paler. guilty of concealing the birth of the mo, on 10th anuary, 1807:4" Gaschild. The prisoner next tried, was

per Grifoni, a boy six years old, for his charged with stealing a goose, and the benefit's night shall expose on the same jury, thinking that the law ap- stage four languages in mask, to wit, plied equally to both cases, acyuitted English, French, Spanish, and Italian the prisoner of the felony, but found with a hobgoblin lackey, and a Greek him guilty of concealing the goose !

Tragick, and Lappanio Spanish, and

French servant. One of the most A nobleman (says Miss Edgeworth) tragical scenes, labour of the said boy inquiring of his Irish servant what

who shall expose in the middle of such was the cause of the noise he heard? graceful and ridiculous representa. " It is the singing in my ears," re

METEORICK STONE. plied Pat, “and I have had it, your

THE minister for the home de. honour, these six months."

partment, has communicated to the

imperial academy of Petersburgh, LINES,

the following account of a meteorick Presented to a beautiful Lady, who had two stone, weighing 160 lbs. that fell in French dogs that slept regularly upon her

the circle of Ichnow, in the governpillow in muslin nightcaps.

ment of Smolensko. In the afternoon

of the 13th of March, 1807, a very YE mongrel race, who, lounge through violent clap of thunder was heard in Rotten-Row,

that district. Two peasants in the vilSt. James's, Bond-street, and who talk “ Bow-wow;"

lage of Timochim, being in the fields Who ape, with empty head, and curling at the time, say, that at the instant of lock,

tiiis tremendous report, they saw a The nat’ral qualities of happier Shock; large black stone fall about forty paGive up thi’ attempt-your trial is in vain, The fair survey your labours with disdain;

ces froin them. They were stunned CORINNA scorns such half-bred curs to

for a few minutes; but, as soon as wed,

they recorered themselves, they ran And takes two perfect puppies to her bed. tolyard the place where the stone

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fell. They could not, however, disco- ture was of an ashen gray. Being ver it, it had penetrated so deep into conveyed to the gymnasium of Smothe snow. On their report, several per- lensko, a professor of natural philosons went to the spot and got out sophy there, considered it at nce, as the stone, which was above two feet ferruginous, from the simple obserbeneath the surface of the snow. It vation of its being extremely friable, was of an oblong shape, blackish like and staining the fingers. The parti. cast iron, very smooth on all parts, cles of which it is composed contain and on one side resembling a coffin. a great deal of lime, and of sulphurick On its flat surfaces were very fine acid. vadii resembling brass wire. Its frac

a

The subjoined characteristick Anecdotes of several species of Birds are extracted

from Shaw's General Zoology. THE DWARF HAWK,

THE SHRIKE. SMALLER than a Merlin: upper When this bird, says Levaillant, parts brown, the tail crossed by a few sees a locust, a mantis, or a small deeper bars: under parts white, mark- bird, it springs upon it, and immeed on the throat and breast by oblong diately carries it off, in order to imbrown spots, and on the belly and pale it on a thorn, and is so dexterous thighs by narrow transverse bars. in this operation, that the thorn alThis small hawk is a native of the in- ways passes through the head of the teriour of Africa, where it was ob- bird or insect thus transfixed. If it served by Monsieur Levaillant, who cannot find a thorn, it fixes the head describes it as of a highly bold and of the animal between a division of spirited nature, preying on small two small branches, and this with as birds, and occasionally driving away much address as if performed by hufrom its haunts, even the larger birds man means. We need only watch of its own genus, as well as Shrikes, this shrike for a single minute in or&c. It builds on trees, forming its der to witness its ravages; and if we nest of smail twigs, intermixed with take the pains to examine the spot it moss and leaves externally, and lining frequents, we are sure to find on every it with wool and feathers. The eggs bush and tree the victims which it has are five in number, spotted with transfixed, the major part of which brown near each end. The female are often so dried as to be unfit for bird is nearly twice the size of the his food; a proof of his singularly male. Monsieur Levaillant relates a destructive instinct. singular instance of the audacity of It is often taught to fight by the this species. He was sitting at a table, natives of Bengal, one being held up engaged in preparing some birds opposite to another, on the hand of a lately killed; when one of these hawks mari, to whose finger the bird is fassuddenly stooped, and seized one of tened by a string, sufficiently long to the newly stuffed specimens, and enable it to fly and peck at its adverAying with it to a neighbouring tree, sary. It is said to be of a remarkably began to plume and tear it open, but docile disposition, and is sometimes finding nothing but moss and cotton, carried by the young Indians, in order seemed indignant at the disappoint- to execute little commissions of gelment; and, after tearing in pieces the lantry; and, at a signal given by the skin, at length contented itself with lover, will seize and carry off with devouring the head, the only part much dexterity, the small gold ornawhich remained in its natural state. ment usually worn on the head of a

VOL. II.

3 H

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