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had this fortunate effect, that it has course, all idea of using force to de given us, nationally a much juster tach her colonies is out of the ques. idea than we formerly possessed, of tion. We are not only at peace, but the value of the South American we are in alliance with her. A genepopulation. It has turned the pub- rous sympathy with a people conlick curiosity more forcibly toward tending for their independence has that quarter of the world, and it has had, at least, as much share in produafforded us some precious evidence of cing that alliance, as our common the desire which pervades South hostility to their oppressor. We are America to shake off the yoke of a bound, therefore, by every considerforeign government, and assume theation of national honour, to abstain, guidance of its own affairs.
while this struggle lasts, from any The men who had succeeded to step which might admit of being power, when general Miranda re. construed into an injury or offence turned to England, were prepared to to our allies. If the Spaniards, thereembark in the scheme with real en- fore, should succeed in repelling their ergy. After various delays, a force invaders, and should remain in peace was at last assembled. And it has and alliance with us, we must rebeen oftener than once publickly sta- nounce, of course, all notion of emanted, we believe, with perfect accura. cipating her colonies without her cy, that the expedition which was consent. Incalculably beneficial as prepared at Cork last summer, and such an event would be for us, and which was to be commanded by sir even for Spain herself, and impossiArthur Wellesley, was intended to ble as it might be for any efforts of cooperate with Miranda in the long her's long to prevent its occurrence, projected measure of emancipating still we conceive, that the relations South America ; and, had not the of peace and amity in which we extraordinary revolution which broke should stand with that power, would out in Spain given to those forces a prevent us from interfering to prodifferent destination, it is probable mote it, and tie up our hands from that, by this time, that important attempting to separate from her measure would at length have been those dependencies, upon which she accomplished.
still set a value, although she might We are now once more at peace really derive no benefit from their with the Spanish nation; and, of possession, and might be guilty of
the greatest oppression with regard dix to Whitelocke's Trial, p. 8.] is the following passage. 66 With the force
to them. If it were possible, thereabove stated, you will proceed to exe. fore, for us to entertain those pleasing cute the service intrusted to you, by the views on the probable issue of the reduction of the province of Buenos Ayres present contest in Spain, to which under the authority of his majesty." In
some of our more sanguine country. the next page, he is directed “not to introduce into the government any other
men seem still to adhere, we should change than that which must necessarily only have to say, that we should arise from the substitution of his majes- trust with some confidence, that the ty's authority for that of the king of Spain." same spirit and intelligence which In the instructions likewise to general had been triumphant in Europe, Crauford respecting Chili, he is commanded to make no other changes than rica. And that the amended govern.
would be just and generous in Amethat of placing the country under his majesty's protection and government;" and
ment and enlightened councils of told, " that the form of the former govern. regenerated Spain, would relax the ment is to be preserved, subject only to severity of its control over its rea the changes which the substitution of his mote dependencies, and yield, sponmajesty's authority for that of the king of taneously, to its transatlantick chil: Spain may render inevitable."
dren, that emancipation for which conqueror; and his ambition and cus they have hitherto relied, rather on pidity have no doubt already scented the weakness, than the beneficence, their quarry in her American possesof their mother country.
sions. At this moment, we have no These, however, alas! are specu- doubt, his restless intriguers are at lations in which it appears to us that work to poison the pure fountains of no sober man can now allow himself patriotism and concord in these disto indulge. The fate of Spain, we tant regions; and forces are prepathink, is decided ; and that fine and ring to trample down those sparks misguided country has probably yield- of independence which the slightest ed, by this time,* to the fate which has stirring would now spread into an fallen on the greater part of conti- unquenchable blaze. A moment is nental Europe. Her European do- yet left us, to resolve on what may minions have yielded already to the soon be impracticable. unrelaxing grasp of the insatiable
FROM THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. Publick Characters of 1809-10, 8vo. pp. 684. London. 1809. FROM an ill-written “ Preface" William Coxe, M. A. F. R. S. and F. to this strange production, it appears S. A. Archdeacon of Wilts and Recthat the editor has been, for some tor of Bemarton." His appearance years, in the practice of sallying forth is not a little comical ; and we should on the king's highway, seizing upon endeavour 10 give our readers some numbers of unsuspecting people, un- idea of it, did we not consider him as der the extraordinary pretence of a man more sinned against than their being “ PUBLICK CHARAC- sinning," and no less grieved than TERS," and dressing them up with ashamed at his involuntary degradacaps and bells, and other derogatory tion. appendages of folly, for the enter- But though we feel unmixed pity tainment of such as chose to lay out for sufferers. of this description, we a few shillings on so indecorous a cannot be so indulgent to those who spectacle.
rush into the circle, uncaught, and The only plea advanced by him for exhibit their foppery for the gratifithis annual outrage on the peace of cation of individual vanity. Towards society, is, that the victims of it are the conclusion of the show," Mr. M. dizened out in such beautiful colours, P. Andrews, M. P. for Bewdley in that they cannot choose but be de- Worcestershire,"steps gayly forward, lighted with their own appearance. and, with the air and gait of a morrisThis is adding mockery to injury. dancer, enters upon a ridiculous dis The wardrobe of a puppet show is play of his accomplishments. more magnificent than the frippery He begins with a scrap of bad Itathus forced upon them; and the lian ; after which he informs the aubungling wretches employed to string dience that he was destined for the the tawdry tatters together, must have counting house ; but that," instead of
i served their apprenticeship to the thumbing over the leger, he befurnishers of garden scarecrows. came enraptured with the poets of
The first, or, as we rather think, ancient days, and wooed the muses the second person who figures in the with considerable success." group of this year, is “the reverend Of these raptures, and his success,
he gives a specimen, in a prologue of January 1809.
several pages, in which, he adds," he
is allowed to have displayed peculiar speech, and given two votes for the excellence.” p. 525.
prince of Wales.” p. 530. “Lady Drawcansir came to me last night:
Lastly—but the reader shall have *Oh! my dear ma'am, I am in such a
it in his own words : and we must do fright;
the speaker the justice to say, that, They've drawn me for a man, and what is in every requisite of fine language,
what follows is, at least, equal to the I am to soldier it, and mount a horse : Must wear the breeches! -Says I, don't very best parts of this curious exhi. deplore
bition of “ Publick Characters." What in your husband's life you always " But it is chiefly as a member of wore,” &c.
the bon ton that colonel Andrews”. Notwithstanding the radiance shed [mark that, the colonel!}" has renderaround him by these, and a hundred ed himself conspicuous. His house other verses, nearly equal to them in is occasionally thrown open to the first glory, Mr. M. P. A. absolutely star- company, and no private gentleman, tles our credulity by affirming, with perhaps, has ever possessed a more apparent seriousness, that he was elegant assemblage of lords and ladies not dazzled with his good fortune.” than have made their appearance at
his routes. His noble withdrawing He next produces a list of his nu- rooms, uniting with the brilliancy of merous farces,-farces of which the an audience chamber all the effects very names have perished from all of a conservatory, exhibit, amidst the memory but his own,-and, that no severest rigours of winter, a parterre possible wish may remain ungratified, of blooming dutchesses, marchioin a matter of such moment, he con- nesses, countesses, baronesses, &c. siderately subjoins “ the cast of the and had he realized his early inclinacharacters at Covent Garden." tions, and repaired to the east, his
A rapid transition is then made harem, even if he had become a from poetry to politicks, and we learn Turkish bashaw, would have turned that Mr. M. P. A. has “sat during pale at the sight of so many fine spec five successive parliaments, made one cimens of British beauty.” p. 532.
FROM THE BRITISH CRITICK.
Anecdotes of Birds, or short Accounts of their Habits in a State of Nature, collected from the best Authors in Natural History. With Figures engraved on Wood. 12mo. 5s. 1809.
THIS is a very entertaining and they were fed. As the cock grew and useful book, exceedingly well calcula- obtained strength, he began to resist this ted to make young persons acquainted violence, and, after repeated battles, at
last obtained the masterhood. The tables with certain familiar parts of natural
were now completely turned, and the history of which it is a disgrace to be cock exercised as much oppression over ignorant. The accounts are select the turkey cock as he had before received ed from Pennant White, Latham, from him. In fact, he could not come in Hearne, &c. The following anecdote sight of the cock but he was instantly of the common cock, is whimsical, ludicrous sight to see so large a bird run
chased round the premises, and it was a and we are assured it is authentick.
ning with all his speed from an adversary “ In a gentleman's yard in the country, so much smaller than himself. At last who kept a stock of poultry, an old turkey he was found dead with his head and cock used to take delight in chasing a neck thrust into a heap of brushwood, young cock round the yard and orchard,
where he had vainly expected to be sheland whenever he could overtake him used
tered from his exasperated antagonist, any to fight him unmercifully; he also con. tbus fell a victim to his tyranny." stantly drove him from his meat when
SPIRIT OF THE MAGAZINES:
FROM THE MONTHLY MAGAZINZ.
An Account of the Sufferings of the Crew of two Schooners, part of the Squadron of
General Miranda, which were taken by two Spanish Guarda-Costas, in June 1806.
Written by one of the Sufferers who made his escape. [The world knows little of the extraordinary expedition of General Miranda to the
Spanish Main, in 1806; but it will be remembered that he arrived in the Gulf of Mexico with an armed Brig and two Schooners, and that in a rencontre with two Guarda-Costas, the schooners were both taken. We are now enabled to lay before our readers the particulars of the treatment their crews met with from the Spaniards - The trials tend also to throw some light on the Expedition itself.]
TOWARDS the end of June, lion, and murdering one of his Cathe lieutenant governour of Caraccas, tholick majesty's subjects. They accompanied by four assistant officers were then asked to describe the manor judges, together with an inter- ner in which oaths are administered preter for each officer, arrived at in their own country; which having Porto Cavello, for the purpose of ta- done, they were requested to lay their king the examination of the prison- hands upon the Bible and administer ers. They assembled in the guard the oaths to themselves, agreeable to house, within the walls of Castle St. the manner in which they had been Philip, in a large room fitted up for accustomed to swear. that purpose. In this room were pla- The five prisoners were thus disced five separate benches with desks; tributed, one to each judge, seated at at one of which was seated the lieute- his respective desk, all being in one nant governour, with an interpreter; room, and some little distance from at the other four, each of the other each other. judges, with an interpreter also. In the middle of the floor, lay a
The ordinary appearance of the number of arms and instruments of place, together with the undignified war, such as guns, rifles, axes, pislooks of the judges, could scarcely tols, pikes, swords, and shovels; also, induce the prisoners to believe that Miranda's colours, uniform clothes, this was the tribunal before which and a number of his proclamations; they were to be tried for their lives. all which were taken from on board Nor were they a little surprised, when of the schooners. they ascertained, by the course of the The judges commenced their exaproceedings, that they were to be mination by their interpreters, who compelled to give evidence, under put the questions in English, and oath, against themselves, and against gave the answers to the judges. They each other; and upon this testimony continued to examine them for the alone they were to be convicted.
space of four or five hours, when they The judges being ready to proceed, were returned to the prison, and five caused five of the prisoners to be others brought up in their places. In brought up in the first place. They this manner the examination proceedwere informed of the charges exhibit- ed for the space of two weeks before ed against them, viz. piracy, rebel- it ended.
The following were the general the object, whatever it was, he had in view. questions and answers, put to one of
Q. What was the real object of Miranda
? the prisoners, who has since regained in coming to the Main?
A. I do not know; but understood it his liberty.
was to better the condition of the Spanish Q. How old are you?
people. A. About twenty-two years.
Q. Do you know the names of any perQ. Where was you born, and where do sons here, who were expected would join your parents reside ?
Miranda ? A. I was born in the state of Massachus
A. I do not. setts ; my parents reside in New York.
Q. Were there any private signals made Q. Why did you leave New York ?
to you from the shore, by any persons reA. To seek my fortune.
siding here? Q. Who engaged you to go on board of A. I saw none. the Leander ?
Q. Was the Leander boarded on her A. Colonel Armstrong.
voyage by any English vessel? Q. Where was you engaged to go? A. Yes; the Cleopatra. A. To Jacmel, and from there to other
Q. Was there any private conversation places, not disclosed to me at the time of between the commander and Miranda ? the engagement.
A. Yes; but what the purport of it was Q. Did you know that you was coming I do not know. here?
Q. Did Miranda go on board of her and A. No. Porto Cavello was not men.
stay several hours ? tioned.
4. He did; he stopped one night on Q. Did Miranda also engage you to go board. on board of the Leander ?
Q. Was the Leander armed, and load. A. I did not know there was such a per. ed with arms and warlike stores ? son until the Leander had left the port of A. Yes. New York.
Q: How many stand of arms had she on Q. In what capacity did you enter on board ? board of the Leander ?
A. About twelve hundred. A. As a printer.
Q. Did you not erect a printing press Q. How came you to change that capa- at Jacmel, and print a number of proclacity and accept of a military commission mations, and is not this one of them? ander Miranda ?
[showing him one of the proclamations, A. From motives of personal conveni- in the Spanish language.]
A. Yes; and this may be one of them; Q. Was you not a lieutenant in a rifle but I did not know the purport of it, as I regiment, under Miranda, as mentioned am ignorant of the Spanish language. in this paper ? [showing him a list of offi- Q. Do you know what that word means? cers commissioned by Miranda, and which [pointing to the word, Madrid.] was found in the possession of one of the A. It means, I presume, the capital of officers.]
old Spain. A. Yes; but did not know then that I
Q. Is that all you know of it here? was coming to this place.
A. Yes. Q. At what place did you stop on your Q. Do you know those articles ? (pointvoyage ?
ing to the warlike instruments lying upon A. At St. Domingo and the island of the floor.] Aruba.
A. I have seen the like before ; perhaps Q. Did you not go on shore at Aruba in
the same. uniform, in company with other officers, Q. Did not those persons who went on and did you not manæuvre there for the shore, go there for the purpose of distripurpose of making an attack upon the Main? buting these proclamations ?
A. We manquvred there, for the pur- A. No. They went for amusement. pose of making an attack upon some place Q. Is not that your regimental coat ? which Miranda had in view; but what A. I do not know. It may be the coat place, many of his men did not know. I was obliged to wear.
Q. Did you not come to the Main for Q. Did you understand that Miranda the purpose of assisting Miranda in fight. fitted out his expedition by the consent of ing against this government, and in revo
your government ? lutionising the country?
A. No. He kept his object and operaA. It was represented by Miranda, that tions concealed from the publick. It was no fighting would be necessary to effect a private undertaking of his own.,