« PredošláPokračovať »
Q. Were not the principal persons who of cutting off our heads, and those shovels embarked in Miranda's expedition, bank- to bury us? rupts and broken merchants ?
A. I never knew what use was to be A. I was not acquainted with their cir- made of them. cumstances : there might be some of this Q. Do not you think you deserve hangdescription.
ing? A number of other questions were A. No. What I did I was obliged to put, and answered; but being of a tri. do, contrary to my will. fling nature, comparatively speaking, to die than be compelled to commit a
Q. Do not you think you ought rather are not here inserted.
crime? After they had finished examining A. No. I have always understood that the prisoner, he was then told by his self-preservation was the first law of najudge, that if he would relate every
ture. thing he knew relating to the expe
Q. Why did you not all rise and take
command of the schooner, after you disdition, the names of those who were
covered her intention ? concerned in it, and those that were
A. We did attempt it once, but failed. expected would join Miranda, his We had agreed to attempt a second time, chains should be taken off, and he set on the evening of that day we were taken. at liberty, and sent home to America. After the examination of all the To which he answered, that he had prisoners was gone through, they disclosed all he knew of consequence, were again brought up the second or particularly recollected.
time, when similar questions were The following were questions put put to them as before, and similar to another prisoner, who has also ef- answers made. tected his return home.
The examinations were then ta. Q. What religion are you of?
ken by the lieutenant-governour and A. The presbyterian persuasion. judges to Caraccas, where, as was Q. Where was you born and brought understood, they were laid before a A. In New York.
military court, assembled for the purQ. Who engaged you to embark in Mi- pose of pronouncing judgment. They randa's expedition ?
remained under their consideration A. One John Fink, of New York, for several days, before any thing was butcher.
determined upon. Q. Did you know Miranda, in New
During that time the prisoners York? A. No. I did not know him until I was
remained in confinement, suffering six days at sca.
almost every deprivation, and reflectQ. Where was you engaged to go? ing upon what would be their doom. A. I was engaged to go, in the first Some were entirely indifferent, and place, to Alexandria, where I was to land. from thence I was to march to Washing- than endure their situation. Emaci
were willing to meet death, rather ton, where I was to be equipped with a horse, saddle, and bridle, and in compa- ated, sick, and obliged to endure filth, ny with other persons, I was to march to
bad air, and unwholesome food, many New Orleans to guard the mail.
were tired of life. Q. Was Miranda's expedition sanction- On the 201h of July, about eleven ed by your government?
o'clock in the morning, the prison A. I do not know. I did not know there
doors were thrown open, which prewas such an expedition as it afterwards proved to be.
sented to our view a large body of Q. Do you know the names of any Spa- armed soldiers, drawn up round theparls here, whom Miranda relied upon prison door with muskets aimed tojoining him?
wards us, loaded, cocked. and bayo. A. I do not. Q. Was you not occupied in Jacmel, in
nets fixed. All expected instant death. putting handles to pikes?
However, we were ordered out, and A. Yes; I was obliged to do it.
placed in a line for marching; the Q. Did you not bring those axes (point. soldiers on each side with their muş. 29.5 10 some on the doorj for the purpose kets pointed towards us.
îîttle danger of the prisoners esca- And the following persons were ping being in irons, and so weak and sentenced to the same punishment, emaciated as to just be able to walk. at the castle of Bocca Chica, in Car
They were then ordered to march thagena, except their terms of servi. forward, which they did, though tude were eight years instead of ten. slowly, as their ancles were still
William Cartwright, in irons. In this situation they were
Benjamin Davis, Samuel Touzier, marched into a yard, walled 'round, Joseph L. Heckle, William Burnside,
Abraham Head, and ordered upon their knees; front
James Hyatt, ed by the soldiers at a little distance Benj. Nicholson, William Pride, with their muskets still aimed at them Samuel Price, Pompey Grant,
George Ferguson, and ready to fire. Every moment Elery King, the word fire was expected.
Hugh Smith, Robert Rains.
Daniel Newbury. Shortly appeared the interpreter,
Those persons who were sentenced accompanied by one or two officers,
to Omoa, were principally officers and two or three Roman Catholick
and noncommissioned oflicers, linder priests. The following persons being Miranda. Those sentenced to Porto called : Francis Farquarson, Daniel Kemper,
Rico, were generally privates and Charles Johnson, John Ferris,
mechanicks; and those sentenced Miles L. Hall,
James Gardner, to Bocca Chica, were generally seaThomas Billopp, Thomas Donohue, Gustavus A. Bergud, Paul T. George. On the morning of the 21st of Ju
The interpreter then read to them, ly, about six o'clock, the prisoners from a paper which he held in his
were alarmed by the noise of an ashand, the following sentence : semblage of Spanish soldiers at the
“ In the morning of to morrow, at door of the prison ; when presently six o'clock, you and each of you are the door was thrown open, and dissentenced to be hung by the neck un- covered to their view about three huntil dead; after which your heads are dred soldiers, with muskets loaded, to be severed from your bodies and bayonets fixed, and arrayed in two placed upon poles, and distributed in lines on the right and left of the pripublick parts of the country.”
son door, facing inwards, and in a The following persons were then position of charged bayonets. called and sentenced to ten years im- The prisoners, after being ordered prisonment, at hard lahour, in the cas
to put on what clothes they had tle of Omoa, near the Bay of Hondu- (which were nothing more than a ras, and after that time, to await the piece of shirt, and a pair of ragged king's pleasure :
pantaloons ; some had not even those John T. O'Sullivan, Henry Ingersoll, articles) they were lashed two togeJeremiah Powell, Thomas Gill,
ther by the elbows, and placed in a John H. Sherman, John Edsall, David Heckle & Son, John Hays,
line, between the soldiers, for marchJohn Moore, Daniel M‘Kay,
ing. The ten prisoners to be exeJohn M. Elliott, Bennett B. Vegus,
cuted were then brought out, and Robert Saunders, Peter Naulty.
with their hands lashed fast before, The following persons were sen- and with white robes on, that extendtenced to the same punishment, for ed from the lower part of their necks the same length of time, at the castle to their heels, and white caps upon of Porto Rico.
their heads, were placed in front. In Wm. W. Lippincott, Stephen Burtis, front of them, were placed the three Moses Smith, John Burk,
catholick prisoners, attended by Matthew Buchanan, Phineas Raymond, Alex. Buchanan,
three priests, carrying in their hands Joseph Bennett, John Parsells, Eaton Burlingham,
the holy cross, and accompanied with David Winton, James Grant,
attendants carrying the sacrament, John Scott,
Frederick Riggus, wax candles, and other implements of the church. In this situation the stationed a number of companies of prisoners, with their irons upon their cavalry. From this extensive milifeet, marched slowly along between tary force, brought to attend the exthe lines of soldiers, out of the walls ecution, some concluded that an opof the castle, to the gallows.
position was feared from persons Castle St. Philip is situated upon friendly disposed to Miranda ; but no
; a large, level space of ground, in the thing of that kind was manifested. harbour of Porto Cavello, and sepa- Being ready to proceed to the exrated from the town by a narrow arm ecution, the prisoners waited their of water. The walls are nearly a fate with a composure of mind that quarter of a mile in circumference; seemed to evince a reconciled consciabout fourteen feet high, and about ence. Not the least intimidated, they thirteen feet thick, forming also the discovered a firmness and resolution outward walls of the prison ; mount. indicative of soldiers. ed with about fifty pieces of large Mr. Farquarson being first selected metal. Outside of the walls, and to meet his fate, was led to the steps fronting the town, is a large area, for of the gallows, by a negro slave, who the purpose of exercising the soldiers, acted as the jack ketch of the day, &c. Upon this spot the gallows was and for which he was promised his erected, being about forty rods from liberty. His irons were then knocked the prison.
off. and he led up to the top of the The gallows was about twenty scaffold, where he was seated, frontfeet long and fifteen feet high, and ing his fellow prisoners. The ropes* separated in the middle by a post, being placed round his neck, he rose making two divisions and two pair of upon his feet and took a final faresteps, one for the Roman Catholick well of his companions, wishing them prisoners, as directed by the priests, a better fate. The negro then gave and the other for the presbyterians, him a push from the top of the scafe or hereticks, as they were called. fold, and launched him into eternity. Whence it appeared that they could Immediately the negro let himself separate their bodies, if they could down upon the ropes, and seating not their souls afterwards. About himself upon the shoulders, with his half way up the middle post were feet hanging upon the breast, beat placed Miranda's colours. Underneath the breath out of the body with his them lay the instruments of war, heels; then jumping down, caught taken from the schooners, together the body by the feet, and pulled it towith the military coats, hats, and fea- wards one end of the gallows to make thers of the officers.
room for another. After the procession reached the In the same manner they proceed. gallows, those to be executed were ed to execute Mr. Billopp, Kemper, taken to the front. The other prisoners Bergud, Hall, Johnson, and Ferris ; were drawn up in the rear, so as to after which they proceeded in a like be in front of each other as they manner to execute the three Roman ascended the steps. Immediately Catholick prisoners, Gardner, Donoround the prisoners were drawn up hue, and George, who were constanttwo or three companies of uniform ly attended by their priests. They soldiers, principally Old Spainers. In were taken to the other part of the the rear of those were several compa- gallows, where they again received nies of militia, the greater part of whom were natives of the country.
* The Spaniards use two ropes in their At a little distance, in the rear of manner of hanging: one something small
er than the other, and a few inches these, were drawn up several compa- shorter, which serves to break the neck, nies of artillery ; and along the shore while the other sustains the weight of the of the town of Porto Cavello, were body,
the sacrament, each one was accom. neck, and he swung off without say. panied to the top of the steps by his ing a word. priest.
After they were all hung, the exeAll of them, except one, had a few cutioner began at the first one, cut words to address to their companions, the ropes and let him drop to the by the way of taking leave of them. ground, and passed on in the same Bergud, a native of Poland, and a manner through the whole. The brave fellow, evinced a great con- fall, being some distance from the tempt of death. After the ropes
ground, broke many of their limbs, were round his neck, he observed : which piercing through the flesh, “ Fellow prisoners, we have all suf- presented a shocking sight to their fered much, but my sufferings will surviving countrymen. Each body soon end. I die innocent, and relief was then taken, and laid upon a bench, will come from that source [pointing with the head upon a block. The neto Miranda's colours.) Miranda's gro, with a chopping knife, cut the arms will rid you of your chains, and heads from their shoulders, and tatriumph over your oppressors. When king them by the hair, held them up, that shall happen, remember to bleeding, to the view of the spectaavenge my death.” Then, without tors. The rest were served in the waiting for the executioner, he jumped from the scaffold, and ended his After this scene of blood was finishexistence at once.
ed, Miranda's colours were cut down Mr. Donohue, after his priest had and triumphantly carried to a little left him, observed : “ Fellow prison- distance from the gallows, where were ers, I wish you a final adieu ; [then placed in one pile, the uniform coats painting towards the Spaniards) these and hats of the officers, their commisbloodhounds will pay ten-fold for this sions, arms, and implements of war, ere long."
together, with Miranda's proclamaEvery one evinced a similar firm- tions. Upon this pile the colours were ness of mind, and met their fate with placed, and then set fire to and burnt an unchanged countenance, except to ashes. Mr. George,* a young man, and the Their heads afterwards were taken, last one executed; who, instead of agreeable to the sentence, and distriacquiring resolution, by the examples buted to the different adjacent publick of intrepidity, which had been set places. Three were put up at Lahim by his companions, was disheart- guira, two at Caraccas, two at Occoened by the shocking sight which manus, two at Valentia, and one at was left after life was extinguished. Porto Cavello. They were put into He sunk under the weighty thought iron cages, prepared for that purpose, of encountering an unknown eternity placed upon poles, which were erectHe fainted just as he was about to ed in conspicuous places, so as to ascend the steps. After some exertion strike the attention of the people. he was brought to his recollection, This horrid scene of death 'and and taken immediately to the top of butchery being over, after having the scaffold, the ropes put round his lasted from six o'clock in the morn
ing, till about one o'clock in the af. * This young man was by birth a Por. ternoon, the remainder of the prison. tuguese. He left a wealthy and miserly ers, with heavy hearts, were returned parent, in consequence of being too se- to their respective prisons, there to verely restricted in pecuniary indulgence, remain until the Spaniards were ready and came to New York,, After spending to transport them to their respective some time in a state of idleness, and being short of money, he embarked in Miranda's places of servitude. expedition, flushed with the idea of me. After witnessing the execution of king a fortune at one stroke.
their ten companions, the prisoners VOL, IL,
remained in confinement without any means were necessary to be attempt alteration of their condition, except, ed. Just before the appointed time from the heat of the weather, and the arrived, they were surprised to see weight of their irons, their sufferings the number of the guards about their were more insupportable than they persons increased, themselves exhad been. They anxiously wished amined, and their irons thoroughly for the day when they were to be inspected. This excited a suspicion, taken out for the purpose of being re- that some one of their number, whose moved to their respective places of heart failed him, had betrayed them.-servitude ; inasmuch as they cherished Two or three at a time had been a hope, that some auspicious circum- permitted to go upon deck, during stance might favour an escape. The the day time, and remain an hour or expected period arrived on the 7th two in the fresh air. These indulof August, when they were all ex- gences were attributed to the fear of amined, their irons inspected, and the commander, of being captured by more firmly rivetted upon them; and some English vessel with whom they about four o'clock, P. M. taken out might fall in during their voyage; and carried on board of an armed when their severe treatment might merchant ship (the Prince of Peace) be retaliated. of ten guns, for the purpose of being The prisoners, finding they had conveyed to Carthagena, an exten- failed in one scheme, had recourse to sive Spanish seaport town, situated another. It was proposed and agreed on the Main, and about three hun- to, that in case they should not hapdred leagues froin Porto Cavello. At pen to fall into the hands of the Enthe mouth of the harbour of this place, glish, before they should reach Car. is situated Bocca Chica, whither a thagena, one of them, at a time to be portion of the prisoners had been sen- agreed upon, should descend into the tenced. At this place the remainder magazine room, and by means of a were to remain, until they could be lighted cigar, set fire to the powder, conveniently transported to their des- and put an end, at once, to their suftined places.
ferings, by blowing themselves and The prisoners were all placed be. the vessel out of existence. This tween the decks, and guarded by scheme met with the same ill success about fifty soldiers, placed on board, as the former. exclusive of the ship's crew, for that They were now arrived in sight of purpose. In consequence of this Carthagena, and all hopes of being guard, it was extremely difficult to captured or of escape were gone. put in execution any effectual plan Just as they were making the port, an for the purpose of regaining their li- English frigate hove in sight, and in berty, notwithstanding the extreme in- full chase after them-but she was dolence of the soldiers, who spent the too late. An uncommon fatality seemgreater part of their time either sleep- ed to attend all their prospects of reing or smoking. Several schemes lief. They arrived in Carthagena on were concerted, and all frustrated. the 17th of August 1806, after a voyPreparations were made at one time age of ten days. for ridding themselves of their irons, On the next day they were all taken which was to be effected during the out and marched up through the night; when they were to rise upon gate of the walls of the town, and the guard, take command of the ves- through the town to the prison, ready sel, and carry her into some port to receive them. The sorrowful apwhere they might escape. Had this pearance the prisoners made in bold attempt been undertaken with marching along in their irons out success, several lives, no doubt, through the town (about 47 in numwould have been lost. Their situa- ber) not having any thing upon their tion was desperate ; and desperate heads, but exposed to the hot sun