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stone becomes coloured; for there of a rose colour ; otliers green, blue, are diamonds of all colours, though brown, black; and some are marked faintly tinted. Thus we have some with black spots.

Letter from an American Traveller in Europe to his Friends in this country.

Rome, January 30, 1805. Èurope, and you meet, on a footing SINCE I last wrote you, we extremely pleasant, gentlemen and have retraced our steps to this city, ladies of rank and character from aland are now as busy as the worst most every nation. ' Amidst a great weather will permit us in reviewing variety of characters which one would the most select and interesting parts expect to find in a place so mixed, of its antiquities and curiosities, or in there were two whose history attractvisiting those which escaped us be- ed my notice, and whose biographifore. Never, perhaps, at so short a cal sketches were to us extremely indistance, and under the same climate, teresting. was a difference so striking in the One is an old octogenarian gentlemanners and habits of cities, as that man, who is still known by a title, which exists between Naples and which he had, I presume, about fifty Rome.

years ago, Governour Ellis. This The former is the most busy, live. title he derived from having been à ly, crowded, gay, dissipated city in governour of Georgia, in the United the world. The latter resembles the States, under the royal government. still, grand, but interesting solemnity He served many years as a naval offiof some ancient but splendid abbey. cer under the grandfather of George Every thing in the former exhibits III. who, you will recollect, is now man as he is, a bustling, active, turned of sixty. He performed a thoughtless being, pursuing phan- circumnavigatory voyage before Cook, toms, seeking pleasure which he and that celebrated navigator served never can find, and driving away, by under him in an inferiour station. the hurry of the present, the thought His voyages will be found under the of the future. All the objects in the name of Ellis's Voyages round the Jatter recall man as he has been; his World, in Mavor's collection, and I former greatness ; his present humi- dare say, that many of us, in reading lity ; his false grandeur; his proud it, have supposed the man to have but vain sire of terrestrial immor- been buried for half a century past. tality; his luxury and his poverty ; For the last thirty years he has rehis power and weakness; the dura: tired to Naples to pass the residue of bility of Providence, and the perpe- his life. Till within a few years he tual mutability of man. At Rome has passed his suminers in journies every thing is still, quiet, solemn as to Russia and the north, and his winthe sepulchres of the kings and be ters in the south, preserving by that roes which it encloses. The society means a perpetual summer, extremneat Naples is vastly more interesting, ly favourable to longevity. For the particularly for the English residents. last twenty years he has abstained Many English or American families, from animal food, but has supplied whose manners correspond to our the want of it by a very strong soup, own, and whose houses are seats of which, with a single glass of wine, general hospitality, make the time forms his constant diet. pass off very agreeably. Its climate He is extremely fond of society, attracts strangers from every part of and whenever there is a ball or con

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verzazione the governour generally she insisted that it should be contipasses an hour in it. He retains his nued during her illness; and in fact faculties fully, which are of a supe- after she was speechless, the night riour grade. He is an elegant classick of her death, she had a party who scholar, and his language in common took leave of her, and she died before conversation is a perfect model for an morning !!! To finish the scene, as accomplished man. He has a great it commenced, according to the fa. turn for poetry, which he repeats shion of great people in this country, with astonishing memory whenever her body was exposed in state, as it requested He did me the favour to is termed, for three days, and was lend me a satire on manners, which there visited by those friends whom he has just finished. He lived in the her living hospitality had contributed house with a Russian princess, whom to amuse. I shall soon notice. She was no youth, I met several times in Naples a having nearly reached her ninetieth young German officer, whose history year. The gallant old gentleman was very interesting to me, not only wrote a few couplets in compliment as it was wonderful in itself, but to his youthful neighbour, at which as it proves that the Austrians did she, however, took offence, observing not yield the palm to the French in that she did not choose to be the sub- point of bravery. I have always beject of publick notice, even in com- lieved, that numbers, rather than plimentary canzonets. I heard the courage or conduct, achieved the vicold gentleman complain of this fail tories of France. This young officer ure of return for his gallantry. was of the first family in Germany.

This princess was as extraordinary He is one of the princes of the Licha character as the governour. She tenstein family. He commanded a like him had retired to milder skies regiment of cavalry in the Austrian to reinvigorate her decaying fabrick. service, and as he was of high rank, She was the most hospitable foreign- his regiment was a large one. It coner at Naples. Her house was one of sisted of eighteen hundred men. As the pleasantest resorts for all stran- it suffered in engagements, it was gers of character who visited the city. constantly recruited; so that in the Her ruling passion was gay society, course of that short war he lost out of and never did a woman exhibit the that regiment, whose complement truth of Pope's sentiment more truly. was only eighteen hundred men, nine Hers was

never stronger than in thousand seven hundred; I repeat it, death. For many weeks before her nine thousand seven hundred; and

1 death, it was known to herself and he and another officer are the only every one around her, that she would ones surviving in the regiment, who soon die; but she expressed a strong first engaged in it this last war. The wish that she might survive the first prince has received many severe day of the new year, because she was wounds, and is now in Italy for his resolved to give a brilliant fête on that health. He is not, I think, more than day. She died, I believe, before ; but thirty years of age. I think these as she was in the habit of receiving three characters well worthy of no her friends on certain days, who tice. They certainly do not occur at amused themselves with cards, &c. every corner.

ANECDOTES. The following anecdotes respecting Scot- need not be afraid, it is not dressed

tish manners are extracted from Hall's with castor oil." Upon inquiring Travels in Scotland, a late work.

what he alluded to, he told me that a IT was, and still is a custom in gentleman and his lady, in the neighmany places in the Highlands, that bourhood, who sometimes, as is the whoever comes into a house after a

case in inland places, where there are person dies, and before such person no resident doctors, when any of their is interred, as also after a child is tenants are sick, recommend an emeborn till it is baptized, must eat and tick, or the like, to them, and at their drink in the house before they leave

own expense afford the medicine. it. This being the custom, to save This gentleman, having an appeal to expenses, and because they think it the house of peers, about a large esdisrespectful to God 10 have an un

tate, was at London, and, as he gainbaptized child in the house, poor peo- ed the process, and was about to reple generally have their children as

turn to Scotland, he bought some soon baptized as possible. But it gallons of castor oil, to lie at his happened once to a poor man in this house, and be served out as occasion part of the country, that a river, as is should require. Upon his arrival in often the case, ran between his house Scotland, as it is natural, all the noand the clergyman's, so that neither bility and gentry, who were acquaintthe poor man could get to the clergy: ed with him, came to dine with him, man, nor the clergyman to the poor and congratulate him and the family man's, in order to have the child bap- on so many thousand pounds yearly tized. The river was swoln by the being added to their fortune. When gradual melting of the snow, and mostly all the genteel families for there was no bridge within twenty twenty miles round, had paid their miles. The poor man's cheese, his compliments to him in this manner, bread, &c. was nearly expended. He, and he and his lady found leisure to therefore, on the one side of the ri- hear the complaints of those sick peover, and the clergyman on the other, ple that applied to them, he found "consulting what was to be done, that some castor oil might be useful agreed that the child should be to a person that had come to consult brought to the river side ; that the them. Upon this, he rang the bell father, presenting the child, should for John, the servant, who appearing, take on the vows, as they term it, and and being desired to bring some casthe minister with a scoop, or Dutch tor oil, replied : “ It is all done.' tadle, should throw over the water : “ Done!" replied the gentleman,“ do which was done, though with difficul. not you know there is a keg of it lateły, owing to the breadth of the river; ly come from London?” “ Yes, but if after which, the clergyman pronoun- it please you honour, i that one is ced the name ; prayed aloud, so as to done too." “ How can that be?” rebe heard by the parent and his atten- plied the gentleman, in a passion. dants on the other side ; after which

Why, sir, you have had such a each went to their respective places round of company almost every day perfectly satisfied with this new mode since it came, and always sallad at taof baptism, and that, if the child died ble, that it is all gone.' in infancy, it would go to heaven. know, it is castor oil I want, and that

the name is written in large letters on Being invited to dine with a gentle- the cask ?" “ So it is," replied the man near Auldern, when I was prai- servant, “but as your honour knows, sing the sallad, which I found ex- it was for the CASTORS, and dressing tremely good, he said, smiling: “You the sallad : it is all gone." “ O you

6 Don't you

scoundrel, now I understand you; so restoration was accomplished. To you have been dressing the sallad all save himself, therefore, from the fury this time with it. But harkee, John, of a court which he had so highly infor God's sake do not mention it.” censed, and the vigilance of which, The truth is, all the company were from the emissaries employed, it was highly pleased with the sallads, and become so difficult to elude, he conhad often spoke in their praise ; and nived with his friends, in effecting the gentleman and his family had the following innocent imposture :never in their life a better summer's The report of his death was indushealth, nor the people that visited triously circulated, and the credulity him.

of the people swallowed the bait pre

pared for them. The coffin, the It is strange that the magistrates mourners, and other apparatus of his of Edinburgh, who are, in general, burial, were exhibited at his house, men of parts and discernment, should with the same formality as if he had appoint any one to the office of town- been really dead. A figure of him, crier that can read neither Scotch nor as large and as heavy as the life, was English. I heard one of them, when actually formed, laid out, and put in a reading an advertisement, blunder lead coffin, and the whole funeral soalmost at every word, and pronounce lemnity acted in all its parts. It is the very first word advertisement, lay- said, when the truth was known, and ing the accent on the third syllable, he was found to be alive, notwithwhen it should have been on the se- standing the most incontestible evicond, and confounding the word dence that he had been thus openly shops, where goods are sold, with the interred, the wits about the court of word chops, meaning the mouth and king Charles II. made themselves jaws. Indeed, at Aberdeen, till late- exceedingly merry with the strataly, they generally pronounced both gem by which the poet had preserved these words the same way. Upon his life. The lively and good natured the eve of a king's fast day there, monarch discovered too, himself, not about a year ago, one of the town- a little satisfaction, on finding, that, criers proclaimed, that, as to morrow by this ingenious expedient, his reign was a fast day, by order of the magis. had not been tarnished with the blood trates, no one within the liberties of of a man already blind, by application, the city, under pain of fining and im- infirmity, and age, and who, under all prisonment, should open their shops, his dreadful misfortunes, had written but he pronounced it chops, from Paradise Lost. morning till night. An Englishman, who happened to be there, imagining A sapient question, put to Miss that the magistrates had ordered that Taylor, on her examination at the bar none should open their mouth to eat of the house of commons, relative to all that time, left the city, swearing, the charges against the duke of York: for his part, he would not obey them; Question.-Might not your father and that, as the magistrates were take the name of Chance, without fools for issuing such an order, so he your knowledge ? thought the people would be fools if Answer.-Then how should I know they obeyed it.

that he did ? -[a laugh.]


In a debate on the same business, [Not generally known.]

in the house of commons, Mr. FulThe freedom and asperity of his ler, a warm advocate for the duke of various attacks on the character and York, said, that he had received a prerogative of Charles I. rendered number of anonymous letters, calling him peculiarly obnoxious when the him a black hearted fellow, and this


thing, that thing, and tother thing. the opera-house during a little con[Loud Laughing.) He did not like fusion_“I cannot, for the soul of me, to have the duke of York sent away caich a note.”—“ Never mind that, like a whale, with a harpoon stuck my dear," replied her companion, in his side. Many complaints, he so long as you have got hold of a said, were made against this country ; bar.” but, in his opinion, the country was better than any country upon earth; and " he that don't like England, The following epitaph was written dan him, let him leave it.” [A roar of laughter and groans. ]

Hic jacet Erasmus, qui quondam bonus gised for the last expression ; said he

erat mus ; had heard it as a toast in a publick Rodere qui solitus; roditur a vermibus. company!

When the author was asked, why

he had made ver in vermibus short : REPARTFE “ I cannot”-said a he replied, because he had made bor lady, who was leaning upon a rail at in bonus long.

upon bim :

He apolo


The following is the form in which Burns's Translation by Cowper of a Latin Sonnet song of Bonie Doon was originally

by Milton. written.

Fair Lady! whose harmonious name the

Rhine, YE flowery banks o' bonie Doon,

Through all his grassy vale delights How can ye blume sae fair ;

to hear, How can ye chant, ye little birds,

Base were indeed the wretch who And I sae fu' o' care!

could forbear Thou'll break my heart, thou bonie bird, To love a spirit elegant as thine, That sings upon the bough;

That manifests a sweetness all divine, Thou minds me o' the happy days

Nor knows a thousand winning acts When my fause love was true.

to spare, Thou'll break my heart, thou bonie bird, And graces, which Love's bow and That sings beside thy mate ;

arrows are, For sae I sat, and sae I sang,

Tempering thy virtues to a softer shine. And wist na o’my fate.

When gracefully thou speak'st, or singest

gay, Aft hae I roved by bonie Doon,

Such strains, as might the senseless To see the woodbine twine,


move, And ilka bird sang o' its love,

Ah then-turn each his eyes, and ears And sae did I o' mine.

away, Wi' lightsome heart I pu'd a rose

Who feels himself unworthy of thy Frae aff its thorny tree,

love ! And my fause luver staw the rose, Grace can alone preserve him, ere the dart But left the thorn wi' me.

Of fond desire yet reach his inmost heart:

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