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lished, By Hopkins and Earle, Philadelphia, Republished,

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FROM THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Sir Philip Sidney. By Thomas Zonch, D. B. F. L. S. Prebendary of Durham. pp. 398. 4to. London, 1808.

THE period in which sir Philip society deadened every impression of Sidney flourished, considered, as it grandeur in the human character. relates to manners, is reproached Three volatile pages of petulance, with a fondness for the fopperies of however, have provoked the ponderchivalry. But we must not confound ous quarto before us.

Biassed as we the fugitive customs of the age, with are in favour of Sidney, we find this that spirit which fashions the minds a case of criticism somewhat uice to of men, and reaches beyond the date determine ; for though we are wil. of those artificial customs that rather ling to censure his lordship for being disguise than produce it. The pas much too brisk, we do not see that, sion of arms, gallantry, and devotion, therefore, we are to excuse his anin its minutiæ and excess, may make tagonist, for being much too saturmen fight more than they need, love nine. more than they ought, and pray, per- The materials of these meinoirs haps, at unsuitable times; but valour, present scarcely any thing new. They sensibility, and patient suffering, are have already been used by Arthur the noble results.

Collins, in his account of the Sidney The universal favourite of this age family, prefixed to the Sidney papers; was sir Philip Sidney, the most ac- and by Dr. Campbell, in the Biogracomplished character in our history, phia Britannica. The only novelly, till lord Orford startled the world by is a long and uninteresting manuparadoxes, which attacked the fame script in the British Museum; a established by two centuries. Singu. kind of biographical homily, conlarity of opinion, vivacity of ridicule, taining an account of Sidney's death. and polished epigrams in prose, were The life of Sidney, who died at the means by which this nobleman little more than thirty, was chiefly sought distinction. But he had some passed in his travels ; and had no thing in his composition more pre- claims on a volume of this size. Dr. dominant than his wit; a cold, unfeel. Zouch has the merit, however, of ing disposition, which contemned giving a luminous disposition to his literary inen, at the moment that his scanty materials. With these before heart secretly panted to share their us, we shall track him in his work, fame ; while his peculiar habits of and ascertain whether his industry






P. 17.

has always been vigilant, and his forth so happy a temper in their off judgment enlightened by taste. spring."

Sir Philip Sidney derived every Here are distinctly indicated, the advantage from two noble and excel. high spirit of ancestry, and the tenlent parents. His father, sir Henry, der melancholy of the mother; feawas a sage, a statesman, and had tures entirely lost in the portrait even been a hero ; but at this early blurred over by Dr. Zouch. He period of life, the character of the should have inquired whether the mother is of some importance. She maternal character did not consideris thus described by Dr. Zouch. ably influence that of sir Philip him

“ Nor was his mother less illustrious, self. We have no doubt that it did. or less amiable. Mary, the eldest daugh. In his defence of his uncle, lord Leiter of the unfortunate duke of Northum, cester, he alludes, with this highberland, alienated from the follies and

toned feeling to his descent: “I am vanities of life, by those tragical events in her own family, of which she had been

a Dudley in blood, the duke's daugh. an eye-witness, she devoted herself, like ter's son-my chiefest honour is to Cornelia, the mother of the Gracchi, to be a Dudley.” an employment equally pleasing, useful, Sidney resembled “the melancholy and honourable--the instruction of her Gray;" like him, too, he seems nechildren. It was her delight to form their early habits; to instil into their tender

ver to have been a boy. The lanminds the principles of religion and vir. guage of sir Fulke Greville is that tue; to direct their passions to proper ob. of truth and of the heart. “ I lived jects; to superintend not only their seri. with him, and knew him from a child, pus studies, but even their amusements." yet I never knew him other than a

man, with such staiednesse of mind, We do not reproach this passage lovely and familiar gravity, as carried with a want of elegance, but of defi

grace and reverence above greater nitive ideas. We find in this work, 100 many of these lax and general and his very play tending to enrich

years. His talk ever of knowledge, descriptions, which delineate nothing his mind; so as even his teachers that is individual. The above de. found something in him to observe, scription of sir Philip Sidney's mo

and learn, above that which they had ther may be let out for the use

usually read or taught. Which emi. any other: like those epitaphs on tombstones, which are used by the his worthy father style sir Philip, in

nence by nature and industry, made whole parish in turn. Biographers too often fail in the nice touches of my hearing (though I unseen) Lu

men familiæ suæ, the light of his fathe pencil, and Dr. Zouch has here

mily." dropt an affecting trait in the portrait

His father“ designed him for of this mother, which sir Fulke Gre- foreign travel and the business of a ville has feelingly copied from the life. Alluding to the tragical events compendium of instruction, which

court very early.” He drew up a in her own family, the companion Dr. Zouch has judiciously preserved; and the biographer of Sidney adds : “ She was of a large, ingenuous spirit,

and accompanied it by a continued racked with native strength. She chose and ingenious commentary from two rather to hide herself from the curious eyes

similar compositions of sir Walter of a delicate time, than come upon the Rawleigh, and sir Mathew Hale. The stage of the world, with any manner of English wisdom of these three vene. disparagement the mischance of sick. rable fathers we love infinitely more, ness having cast such a kind of veile over

than we admire the polite cynicism her excellent beauty, as the modesty of that sex doth.”-Again--" This clear of Rochefoucault and Chesterfield. vesse of his father's judgment, and inge- This oldfashioned, massy sense will, mous sensiblenesse of ħis mother's brought in every age, be valued by its weight.

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The academical education of Side esquire, to go out of Englandinto parts ney was completed at both the uni- beyond the seas, with three servants versities, and such was his subse- and four horses; to remain during quent celebrity, that his learned tutor the space of two years, for his aitainchose to commemorate on his tomb, ing the knowledge of foreign lan. that “ He was the tutor of sir Philip guages." Sidney." The same remarkable tes- The earl of Leicester recommendtimony to this extraordinary charac- ed him to sir Francis Walsingham, ter, was given by his friend, sir Fulke our ambassadour in France, whose Greville, lord Brooke, on whose daughter Sidney afterwards married. tomb. was inscribed, as the most last- Charles IX. received him with unuing of his honours, “ Fulke Greville, sual kindness; and made him a genservant to queen Elizabeth, counsel tleman of his chamber. This must lor to king James, and friend to sir have been one of the artifices to trePhilip Sidney!” When afterwards pap the protestants; for Sidney had we find, that there was a long pub- scarcely taken the oaths to his perfilick mourning observed for his death, dious master, ere he became a specand that the eulogiums bestowed on tator of the massacre of St. Barthohim by the most eminent of his con- lomew. temporaries, at home and abroad, are Dr. Zouch has, with much curi. positive and definitive, it seems but osity and judgment, collected the naan idle labour to refute the malici. merous catholick testimonies, many eus ingenuity of Walpole--that light of them written by eminent scholars, work of spangles and fillagree, truth approving and applauding this sanshivers at a single stroke into glitter- guinary scene.

Let the lesson pering atoms !

petually instruct. He accounts for At this momentous period of life, the seeming apathy of the court on when youth steps into manhood, was the occasion, by the political wisdom Sidney a most diligent student, a of Elizabeth: but the emphatick lanlover and a patron of all the arts; but guage which her ministers employhis ruling passion was military fame. ed, expresses their abhorrence of the This he inherited from his father, crime. We regret that we cannot who had distinguished himself on transcribe the fine picture of the si. many occasions, and particularly, in lent resentment of the English court single combat with a Scottish chief- when the French ambassadour passed tain, whom he overthrew and stripped through the circle, as described by of his arms.

himself. He left the university to com. At Paris, Sidney was seen and admence his travels. Dr. Zouch in- mired by Henry IV. the young king forms us of a wise precaution of our

of Navarre. “ He used him," says ancestors on this head.

Fulke Greville “ like an equal in “ In those days, when travelling was

nature, and fit for friendship with a considered as one of the principal causes king. of corrupt morals, a wise and sound poli- At Frankfort, he lodged at the ey dictated the expediency of observing house of Andrew Wechel, one of the the most rigid circumspection in permit- learned printers of the sixteenth centing the English nobility and gentry to visit distant countries; and in general, no

tury. Here he found Hubert Languet, persons were permitted to go abroad, and here he formed his memorable except merchants, and those who were friendship with that bright ornament intended for a military life.”

of literature, who was then resident The royal license was granted by minister from the elector of Saxony. the queen on the 25th of May, 1572, It was usual at this time for scholars and runs in this manner. “ For her to lodge in the houses of eminent trusty and well beloved Philip Sidney, printers. Robert Stephens had fre.

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