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quently ten learned men in his house, Alexander the Great, inasmuch as all of them foreigners, who occasion. they died at the same age. All these ally corrected his proofs.

parallels are not in the manner of Languet combined with universal Plutarch. There is too much of this erudition, that keen sagacity which grave trifling. We hope the author's discovers the real characters of men. sermons are more lively. His expertness in the conduct of poli. At Vienna, Sidney seems to have tical affairs, placed him in the confi- perfected himself in those noble acdence and employment of several complishments of the cavalier, with princes, while the suavity of his man- which count Balthassar Castiglione ners, and the classick elegance of his has adorned his courtier. style, won him the hearts of all lite- tised manly and martial exercises, rary men. Such was the person tennis, and musick; and he studied whom young Sidney (for he had not horsemanship with particular attenyet reached his twentieth year) adopt- tion. In his “ Defence of Poetry," ed as his friend, and revered as his he alludes to the partiality of his master. Their communication suf- equestrian preceptor, Pugliano, in fafered no interruption from time or vour of his own professional occupaplace. His pupil thus elegantly com- tion. memorates, in his unfinished Arca- This man, who had the place of an dia, the wisdom and the learning of equerry in the emperour's stables, his friend, while he paints himself spoke so eloquently of that noble aniwith the most delicate modesty. mal, the horse, of his beauty, his I old Languet had me

faithfulness, and his courage, that sang, taught;

his pupil facetiously says: " if I had Languet, the shepherd best swift Ister

not been a piece of a logician before knew,

I came to him, I think he would have For clearkly reed, and hating what is persuaded me to have wished myself naught,

a horse.” In the second book of the For faithful heart, clean hands, and mouth as true.

Arcadia, he has finely described the With his sweet skill, my skilless youth management of this animal. The he drew,

works of a man of genius are thus To have a feeling taste of him that sits

frequently the records of his own Beyond the heaven ; far more beyond your feelings; these self-notices, in which wits.

our best writers abound, have not With old true tales he wont my ears to been gleaned with sufficient care by fill,

their biographers. How shepherds did of yore, how now they From Venice, the seat of libertin

thriveHe liked me, but pitied lustful youth; where he applied to the sciences of

ism, Sidney soon retired to Padua, His good strong staff my slippery years

geometry, and astronomy. His conHe still hoped well, because I loved stitutional delicacy, and his dispositruth."

tion tinged with thoughtful melanThe character of Languet has not choly, induced Languet to admonish been ill drawn by Dr. Zouch ; but him not to neglect his health, “ lest towards the conclusion he is not for- he should resemble a traveller, who, tunate. He first compares Languet during a long journey, attends to to Socrates, and Sidney to Alcibiades. himself, but not to his horse." Then seized by an orgasm for paral- We have now a specimen of the lels, he proceeds to another which he new mode of writing history, which likes better, namely, of Languet to enables the ingenious inventors to Mentor, and Sidney to Telemachus. give us the particulars of an event Elsewhere he compares Sidney to that never took place. Our author,


up bore;


P. 66.


having discovered that Tasso resided thrown. We are sorry thus 'to at Padua when Sidney was there, by differ from Dr. Zouch; but our the assistance of a certain historian duty 10 the publick will not permit (whose name appears to be LITTLE us to see this LITTLE DOUBT, unDoubt) has boldly described their der the sanction of his authority, interview. The reader may take the ranked among the Bayles, the Johnfollowing extract, as a fair specimen sons, or even the Birches of the day. how the secret history of Queen We are convinced that Sidney never Mab, may yet be written in the most had an interview with Tasso. An authentick manner!

event so interesting in the life of a “The celebrated Tasso was then resident poet, he who commemorated characat Padua, and there is LITTLE DOUBT ters and events of less importance, Mr. Sidney visited this seat of learning, had certainly not buried in silence. with a desire to partake of the conversation

We are informed of a fact highly of our poet. The ardour with which they met, may be more easily conceived than curious and characteristick of the described. Both of them glowing with age, that when Sidney conversed all the fire of native genius, and equally with the literati of the church of emulous to excel in every thing honour. Rome, his English friends, as well able, &c. &c. How fervent, &c. &c. must their friendship have been!"

as Languet, suspected that he was “ Sidney,” says Dr. Zouch, « left becoming a proselyte. The latter Venice and came to Padua, June conjured him not to go to Rome, 1574.” p. 65. “ The celebrated that seat of ancient glory, which had Tasso was then resident at Padua." inflamed the curiosity of his classick

mind. p. 66. Now we must inform Dr. Z.

Sidney followed the harsh that in 1574, Tasso was “ resident" counsel, and regretted it ever after. at Ferrara. A meeting took place Şince Rome was forbidden, he prcthere between Henry III. then re

jected a journey to Constantinople, turning to France, and Alphonso, the in which Languet acquiesced; and patron of Tasso; and the poet ac

probably would have preferred that companied the duke to Venice, July Sidney should become a Turk, rather 1574. There he indulged in the fes. than a Papist ! tivities of the place, to the neglect of

Languet darkens the Italian chahis “ Jerusalem," till he was seized racter: He trembles for the purity with a quartan fever. From Venice

of Sidney's morals, now whiter he went back to Ferrara, and was

than snow," and describes the subtle confined there all the winter by ex

craftiness of the Genoese ; the distreme debility. All this appears in solving libertinism of the Venetians; a letter of the poet to the pronotary and the theological Machiavelism of Porzia, inserted in Serassi's elabo.

the Romans.

There is no reason to think that rate and most interesting “Life of Tasso.”

the mind of Sidney was ever tainted. Tasso was, indeed, at Padua, during nition : “ To be always virtuously

He followed his pious father's admothe month of March, 1575, consulte ing the criticks of the academy there;

employed.” and we are inclined to suspect that

On his return to England, he becriticism contributed even more than

came the admiration and delight of love, to derange the irritable faculties

the English court. The queen called of this too feeling poet. Now Sidney, him her Philip."* Elizabeth, with

“ , by the doctor's own account, p. 82,

such ambiguous coquetry, gratified returned to England, through Germany, passing through various cities, Philip; for Sidney's father had given him

* In opposition, perhaps, to her sister's in May, 1575. So that the whole of this name to Hatter Mary's fondness for this rapturous superstructure is over- her husband.


at once her political sagacity and her agreement there is betwixt him and his feminine vanity. All her favourites

brethren; 7 and what partage they have.

In these things I shall at my return more had some endearing nickname, or

largely declare. The emperour is holy shared in some tender caress of royal (wholly] by his inclination given to the courtesy. Sidney made his gratitude warres, few of wordes, sullain of dispopicturesque, in a masque of “ The sition, very secrete and resolute, nothing Lady of the May !"

the manners his father had in winninge In 1576, at an age not much ex

men in his behaviour, but yet constant

in keeping them : and such a one, ass ceeding twenty years, Sidney was

though he promise not much outwardly, appointed ambassadour at the court

but as the Latins say, aliquid in rece88u ; of Vienna. The ostensible purpose his brother Earnest much lyke him in diswas to condole with the emperour position, but, that he is more franke, and Rodolph, on the demise of his fa- forward, which perchance the necessity ther. The concealed one, was more

of his fortune argues him to be : both ex

tremely Spaniolated.p. 93. important. It was to unite the protestant princes in the defence of their

These are some of the mysteries common cause against Rome and the of diplomacy ; high matters, which overwhelming tyranny of Spain,

serve to prove (if proof were necesthis period the terrour of Europe.

sary) that an ambassadour in all ages, The choice of young Sidney to fill is, as some one has coarsely said, a this situation is the clearest evidence privileged spy. of his distinguished character; and,

Sidney had not yet attained his indeed, his successful termination of twenty-fifth year, when he was known

to the most eminent personages in the embassy confirms it. Dr. Zouch observes: “ The queen's Europe. William the first

, prince of own penetration and discernment had Orange, emphatically described him promoted him to this appointment.

as one of the ripest and greatest It is remarked of this princess, that counsellors of state at that day in in the choice of her ambassadours, Europe.” The correspondence beshe had a regard not only to the ta

tween these two great men turned on lents, but even to the figure and per have to regret its loss,

the political state of Europe, and we son of those to whom she consigned the administration of her affairs

Sidney must indeed have been the abroad

extraordinary character which histoOur

young ambassadour has given ry records ; since he could even ex. a full narrative of his embassy in an

tort admiration from Don Juan of official letter to Walsingham, and it Austria, the Spanish viceroy in the will be considered as a splendid testi. Netherlands. A man haughty with mony of political address and matu- military fame, and whose banner rity of genius, very far above his

floated with an inscription of Exter

mination to the Protestant faith. Dr. years. He extorted unqualified approbation from Burleigh, the jealous Zouch thus gives his character. rival of his uncle Leicester. After Nothing could be more discordant

than this man, and the English ambassadescribing his interviews with the

dour. At first he looked with contempt emperour, and the rest of the impe

on his youth, and with all the insolence of rial family, he proceeds thus :

national pride, scarcely deemed him “ The rest of the daies that I lay there worthy of his notice. Yet such are the I informed myself as well as I could of charm's of intrinsick merit; so attractive such particularities as I received in my the beauty of genuine excellence, that we instructions ; as 1 of the emperour's dis- find the haughty and imperious Spaniard position ; and his brethren ; 2 by whose

struck, as it were, with reverential awe, advice he is directed; 3 when it is likely at the view of pre-eminent goodness, and he should marry; 4 what princes in Ger- contributing a just and involuntary apmany are most affected to him ; 5 in what plause to the fine talents, and high endow. state be is left for revenews ; 6 what good ments of our ancient countryman."


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Here, however, we find the fault, degree between earls and gentlemen;" which prevails throughout this work; and “how the gentleman's neglect of an indistinctness of description, which the nobility taught the heasant to in. loses itself, in what we may term, sult both.” Sidney, with adroit flatthe volubility of the pen. Had the tery, converted the argument of her author freed himself from some of majesty to its own confutation, by apthis redundance of language, he might pealing to her, who “ had willed that have found leisure to give us the fact her sovereignty should be guided by to which he alluded. We recollect the same laws as her people.The what Philip of Spain, no admirer of earl of Oxford was a great lord; yet hereticks, declared on the death of he was no lord over him,—and thereSidney, that “ England had lost in fore the difference of degrees between one moment, what she might not freemen, could not challenge any produce in an age !"

other homage, than precedency.” Sidney distinguished himself as The queen was not displeased with the advocate of his father, against a this elevated strain from her knight. faction who had drawn up articles of Sidney, however, incapable of subimpeachment on his administration in mission, retired from court. Some Ireland. His father was reinstated in of these particulars may be found in the queen's favour. But the fervent the narrative of Fulke Greville. They spirit of Sidney, in every thing which are not detailed in Dr. Zouch. touched his romantick feelings of In his retreat at Wilton, the seat of honour, had nearly involved him in his brother-in-law, the earl of Peman open quarrel with the earl of Or- broke, he planned his “ Arcadia," and mond. He chose to be sullenly silent on the pannels of one of the apartwhen the earl addressed him. But ments several of its scenes the earl conducted himself more no. painted. “ The Defence of Poetry” bly, by saying, “he would accept no was the more perfect fruit of those quarrel from a gentleman, who is happy and comtemplative days. bound by nature to defend his father's Languet had often seriously ex. cause, and who is furnished with so horted his


friend not to imitate many virtues as he knows Mr. Philip his royal mistress in her preference to be.”

of a life of celibacy. In 1583, SidWhen Elizabeth's proposed mar. ney married the daughter of Walriage with the duke of Anjou divided singham, whom Jonson congratulates the nation into two parties, Sidney in one of his epigrams. He was also was foremost among the strenuous knighted, an honour which, like all opposers

of that mischievous design. others, the queen « bestowed with He addressed a letter to her majesty, frugality and choice." which Hume has justly characterized Sidney had not yet obtained, what for its elegance, and its forcible rea- he seems to have long desired-some soning. The head of the French fac- splendid occasion to manifest his hetion (for even in better times, France roick disposition. When sir Francis found a faction among the dissolute Drake returned from his first expediand the desperate part of the nation) tion, the novelty of his discoveries, was the earl of Oxford, a man of and perhaps the treasures he poured ruined fortune, and blasted reputa- into the queen's coffers, inflamed the tion. Some altercation ensued, in nation. Foreigners, indeed, consiwhich the earl scornfully called Sid. dered Drake as the greatest pirate ney

a puppy !" A challenge passed that ever infested the seas; but in between them, but the queen inter- England, he was admired as a new posed. Her argument must have Columbus. Shakspeare alludes to mortified the haughty spirit of Sid- this temporary passion of

the ney. It turned on “the difference in times:

of our

“Some to the wars to try their fortune shall be marked with a stranger's there;

mark; nor that they follow the whis* Some to discover islands far away."

tle of a foreign shepherd !" Two Gentlemen of Verona.

The queen opened a fairer field of Weary of inaction, and inspired by honour in appointing Sidney to the a romantick fancy of founding a new government of Flushing, having reempire of his own, of which sir Fulke solved to assist the protestant inhaGreville has given a most extraordi. bitants of the Netherlands against nary account, Sidney secretly planned Spanish oppression. His uncle Leiwith Drake, to join him in his second cester, who afterwards disappointed expedition. Dr. Zouch tells but England and her allies, by his want half his tale. Sir Fulke Greville has of wisdom and military skill, followed, supplied many curious particulars.

with an army:

On this intercourse After giving a sketch of this wild de of the English with the Flemish,

. sign, he details the shrewd inventions Dr. Zouch appositely observes from which Sidney condescended to prac- Camden, that “the English, which tise, to reach Plymouth, “overshoot- of all the northern nations had been ing Walsingham in his own bow;" the least drin! rs, learned, by these and his bold contrivance to intercept Netherland wars, to drown themselves the queen's messenger, by employ- with immoderate drinking, and by ing two soldiers in disguise, to take drinking to other's health, to impair his letters from him ; nor would he


their own." A philosophical antileave Plymouth till the queen de quary may discover, in our continentspatched a peer to command his im- al wars, the origin of many mediate return. These and other worst customs, and not a few of our facts, which Dr. Zouch seems pur. vices. posely to conceal in his perpetual In this first and last campaign of panegyrick, are surely of impor- the young hero, he marked his short tance. They let us a little into the

career, by enterprise and invention character of Sidney-his sullen con- combining these ardent military quaduct to the earl of Ormond; his letter lities with that penetration and pruto his father's steward, threatening dence, which form a great general. his life, on a rash supposition that he Before he entered into action, he betrayed his correspondence ; his warmed his soldiers by a patriotick virulent defence of his uncle; all address. He revived the ancient disthese were the sins of his youth. His cipline of order and silence in his infirmity was rashness and impetuo- march; and when he was treachesity of temper.

rously invited to take Gravelin, he An honour, less ambiguous than a only ventured a small detachment of West India expedition, was reserved his army, by which means, the rest for Sidney. His friends abroad na- were saved. He was the soldiers' med him as a competitor for the elec- friend, and remunerated them, in tive crown of Poland, in 1585. That proportion to their merits, out of his character must approach to excele private fortune. lence, which could create a party In the hope, but scarcely having among distant foreigners, uninfluen- yet attained to the pride, of military ced by corruption, to offer a crown to fame, fell the Marcellus of his counan English knight!

try and his age! In a skirmish before The queen, however, one historian Zutphen, “ so impetuous that it bewrites, was " jealous of losing the “

came a proverbial expression among jewel of her times;" and another, that the Belgian soldiers to denote a most i she was jealous that any of her sub- severe and ardent conflict," Sidney, jects should be kings.' “I will not having one horse shot under him, allow,"said Elizabeth," that my sheep and mounting a second, rushed for

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