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Who can read the following anec- whoever you are, wherever you residen dote, and not confess, with Burke,

receive the tribute of a gratitude which,

while I live, will know no end ! that the days of chivalry were gone?

Six-and-thirty bours passed without The days of chivalry ; the days of

any person coming into my cell, without common manhood were passed, and food, or the hope of any. I knew that the demons ruled triumphant.

warden and his wife had fied. I imagined

On “ At night, the king and the royal fa. that the turnkey had done the same. mily were taken back to their lodging this reflection, the remainder of my forti

tude forsook me. under a strong guard. They always met

A cold sweat, a shiverwith new insults. One night, as they were ing all over, and the pangs of death came going through the garden of the convent,

upon me: I fell into a swoon. When I a young man, well dressed, went up to came to myself, I was ready to call the the queen, and, doubling his fist at her, assassins, whom, by the light of the lamps, said: “Infamous Antoinette, you wanted

I saw passing and repassing in the court. to bathe the Austrians in our blood : your

I was going to beg them to put an end to head shall pay for it.' The queen treat

my protracted agonies, when a faint light ed this atrocious speech with silent con

coming through the boards above me tempt.”

struck my eyes. By means of a wretched Louis was of opinion that the pre

table and two stools, which I piled one disposing causes of the revolution enough to reach the top of the cell, and I

upon the other, I raised myself high were to be found in the writings of rapped several times at the spot through the French philosophers, as they which the light came. A trap door openwere called. He one day said to ed, and some person in a mild voice said: M. Hue, in a low voice, pointing to

What do you want ?' I replied in the acthe works of Rousseau and Vol

cents of despair, ‘Bread or death. It

was the warden's wife* who spoke to me. taire : “ Those two men have ruined

• Recover yourself,' said she, I will take France."

care of you.' She immediately brought The dangers of M. Hue himself me bread, a bit of meat, and some water. were not small, as the following nar.

While I remained confined in this place, rative will testify, after being dragged this compassionate woman had the goodaway from the service of the king and furnished me with a wickered bottle,

ness to supply me with nourishment. She sent to prison.

which, whenever I wanted water, I pre. “ In entering my dungeon, I saw, by sented at the trap door, and she filled it. the light of the turnkey's lanthorn, a sor- By this means the door of my cell was sel. ry bed. I groped my way to it. Oppressed dom opened, and I remained the better with fatigue, and at length overcome by concealed. sleep, I had become for a moment insen- “Nevertheless, men whose arms and sible of my dangerous position, when I clothes were smeared with blood, came was suddenly awakened by a confused up at times to the window of my cell, noise. I listened, and distinctly heard looking to see if any victim were lodged these words : * 'Wife, the assassins have there. But the darkness of the place, indone in the other prisons, and are coming creased by the interposition of their boto those of the commune. Quick, throw

dies, prevented their observing me. ine our best things : come down, and let

there any one here to be worked ?'t said nis fly. At these words I started from they, in their horrible jargon. As soon as my bed, fell on my knees, and raising my they were gone, I peeped out to see what hands to heaven, waited in that posture was passing in the court. The first thing the blow that was to put an end to my I saw was the assassins profaning with life. In about an hour I heard myself their filth the statue of Louis XIV. which called. I made no reply. I was called lay overturned upon the ground, and playagain. I listened. • Come to your win- ing with the bloody remains of their vicdow,' said somebody, in a low voice. I tims. They were relating to one another ailvanced. “Do not be afraid,' added the the details of their murders, showing the Loice, several people here are taking care of your life. After my enlargement, Madame Viel, whose goodness I can I made fruitless inquiries to discover this

never acknowledge too much. generous protector. Compassionate man!

+ To work, in the revolutionary lan. It was the warden, whose name was guage of that time, was synonymous to Viel, speaking to his wife.

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money they had earned,* and complaining social system, reciprocal duties. Believe of not having received what had been pro- me, it is impossible to govern the people mised them."

by the principles of philosophy. This There is no part of the present vo

conviction was the firm basis of the virlume more interesting than the con

tues of Louis XVI. It made him a king versations between M. Hue and the just, clement, humane, and beneficent: it

rendered him a faithful husband, a tender great and good Malesherbes, whose father, an affectionate brother, a good loyalty made him a volunteer in de master; in a word, a paragon of moral fence of his king, and whose magna- and domestick virtues. nimity enabled to effect his wishes. At my introduction into the ministry, Though he perished on the scaffold wishing to ascertain the motives of the

lettres de cachet, previously issued, I confor his generous conduct, yet he has

ceived the plan of visiting the state prileft a name behind him dear to pos- sons. I wanted the king himself to visit terity. M. Hue was confined in the some of them, and that he should become same prison [Port Royal] with this acquainted with their situation and intervenerable man, and they solaced their nal government, and I was particularly confinement by discoursing upon the desirous that such prisoners as had been

too lightly or too long confined, should sufferings and virtues of Louis. M. receive the news of their liberty, from the Hue has preserved the conversations mouth of the monarch himself. The king of Malesherbes, with the apparent was highly delighted with the object of accuracy of a Boswell; and we wish my plan, ordered me to put it in execuwe had room to extract them all. We tion, and to employ in it the intendants of shall select, however, some of them. he, "I will not visit any prison. Let us do

the provinces. 'But as for me,' added “My friend,' said he to me one day, good, M. de Malesherbes ; but let us do You, I hope, will long survive the death

it without ostentation.' which awaits me. Store up then in your

“ Thus did the king throw over his virmemory, what you deserve to hear.' To

tues a veil which he even extended to his the points of view in which you have be- understanding. This was wrong.. A king held the most virtuous, the most undaunt. should display both. One day, being with ed of men, add those which I shall de

his majesty on business, I was surprised scribe to you.' Some days after, M. de

at the extent of the knowledge he disco. Malesherbes, yielding to my entreaties, vered. The king perceived it. I was had the goodness to give me a manuscript sensible,' said he to me, ' at the finishing containing in substance the different con

of my education, that I was far from haversations I am going to report. "I saw Louis mount the throne," said ving completed it; and I resolved to ac

quire the instruction I wanted. I wished M. de Malesherbes to me, and though at

to know the English, Italian, and Spanish an age when the passions are strongest, languages. I learned them by myself. I and the illusions of the imagination most powerful, he carried with him pure morals, translate the most difficult authors. Then,

made a sufficient progress in the Latin to a contempt of pomp, a wise bias to tolera- diving into history, I went back to the tion, and an inexhaustible desire of doing earliest ages of the world, and, descend. good. His respect for religion was equal ing from century to century to our own to the firmness of his belief. More than

times, I applied myself more particularly once expressing to me, how much he

to the history of France. I undertook as wished me to be of his religious opinions, he said: "Without religion, my dear died the laws and customs of the king

a task to clear up its obscurities. I stuMalesherbes, there is no true happiness dom; I compared the measures of the diffor men, either in society, or as individuals.

ferent reigns; I investigated the causes keligion is the strongest bond between

of their prosperity and of their disasters. man and man. It prevents the abuse of With this regular study, I united the pepower and strength, protects the weak, rusal of all works of merit that appeared: consoles the unhappy, and ensures, in the particularly those on government and

politicks; on which I made my own reThose municipals of the commune of marks.' Paris, who more particularly exercised “ This avowal of the king's,' continued the power, had agreed with the men who M. de Malesherbes, 'gave me a high opimassacred in the prisons, to pay them a nion of the steadiness of his disposition, stated swin in money.

and of his capacity. While I was in the

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ministry I daily had occasion to observe, person against the enterprises of a factious that the timidity habitual to this prince assembly, have brought me to. You are was owing to too great a share of diffi. come to assist me with your advice. You dence, which kept him constantly on are not afraid of exposing your life to save guard against presumption, and made him mine ; but it will be all in vain !- No, think that, in business, his ministers pos. sire,' replied I ; 'I do not expose my life; sessed discernment superiour to his own. and I even hope that your majesty's is in It was this that made him so easily give no danger: your cause is so just, and the up his opinion to that of his council. He means of your defence so clear! - No; was also apprehensive that he did not ex- they will put me to death. But no matter; press his thoughts clearly. He said to it will be gaining my cause to leave a spotme one day: 'I would rather leave my less name. Let us occupy ourselves on silence to be interpreted than my words.' my means of defence.'

The king after. “To the same stock of diffidence, is to wards spoke to me about M. Tronchet be attributed the undecisive character and M. de Sèze, my coadjutors. The which you have perhaps sometimes heard former, having been a member and presi. mentioned as a reproach to him. I was a dent of the constituent assembly, was daily witness of it in the council, and saw known to him. He asked me for some that it arose from his balancing what part account of M. de Sèze, whom he knew was best to be taken, and from the many only as a celebrated lawyer. difficulties that occurred. He often said: “When the king was taken before the

What a responsibility! every step I take assembly, called the National Convention, affects the fate of five-and-twenty millions to be examined, he was made to wait of men. If, in the course of the revolu- three-and-twenty minutes in a hall leading tion, it has sometimes happened that he to the bar of the assembly. His majesty decided wrongly, it was upon grounds, as

walked backwards and forwards : M. he has said to me, which would have ren- Tronchet and M. de Sèze, as well as mydered his decision right, had it not been self, kept at a little distance from the for acts of treachery, against which the king. As he spoke to me at times, in my most consummate prudence could be of answers I made use of the words, Sire, no avail.

Your Majesty.-Treilhard, one of the de. The king was particularly pleased at puties, came suddenly in, and, enraged on the contempt I had for those outward hearing the expressions I used in speak. forms which the world call graces, but ing to the king, put himself between his which are too often the masks of deceit. majesty and me : ‘And what makes you • M. de Malesherbes,' said he to me, you so hardy,' said he to me as to utter, in and I are ridiculed here for adhering to this place, words proscribed by the con. the manners of old times; but are not they vention?'Contempt for you,' I replied, better than the present fine airs ? There and a contempt of death." are often vile things under their varnish.' “ I, at first, thought that the national The king was not ignorant of the jokes convention, not daring to pronounce a which the youth at the court took the li. sentence of death upon the king, would berty of casting on his manners; but he banish him. On that supposition, I asked despised their opinion.

him what country he would prefer for his " While I was in the ministry, I never residence. ' Switzerland,' replied he : knew him order or approve any superflu. . what history reports of the lot of fugi. ous expense. He used to say to his minis. tive kings . - But, sire,' said I, . if ters : Let us be frugal dispensers of the the French people, coming to themselves, publick treasure. It is the product of the should recall you, would your majesty re. sweat, and sometimes of the tears, of the turn!'-Not to please myself; but as a people.' Unfortunately, all his ministers duty, I would. In that case, however, I were not of that opinion.

should stipulate for two conditions on my “ The first time that, as his counsel, I return : the one, that the Apostolick and was admitted into the tower of the tem- Roman Catholick religion should continue ple, the king no sooner saw me, than he to be the religion of the state, not exclud. came up to me, and, without giving me ing, however, other modes of worship; time to finish my bow, took me into his the other, that if a national bankruptcy

Ah! is it you, my friend !' said were inevitable, it should be declared by he, with the tears in his eyes : 'You see to the usurping power; for that power ha. what the excess of my love for the people, ving made it necessary, should bear the and that self-renunciation which induced shame of it.' me to consent to the removal of the troops “ One day, the conversation turning intended for the defence of my power and upon the different parties in the conven

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tion: Most of the deputies,' said the and persuade him to give me his assist. king, "might have been easily purchased.' This is a strange commission for a

- What, sire, could have been your rea. philosopher : but were you in my situason for not doing it? Were the means tion, how should I wish you to think like wanting?'-'No; I had the means; the me! I repeat it to you, my friend, that money was lent me; but it must, one day, religion comforts in a very different man. have been repaid from the publick stock. ner from philosophy.'--Sire,' replied I, I could not prevail upon myself to use it • this commission is not so pressingfor corruption. The funds of the civil list, “For me, nothing is more pressing,' said being the substitute for the funds from he. Some days after the king showed my own domains, left me, perhaps, more me his will and a codicil, both written by at liberty ; but the irregularity of the pay. his own hand. His majesty allowed me ments, and my necessary expenses, would to take a copy, on which there are some not allow of it.'

corrections in his own writing. I took “Another day, the king mentioned to these papers away with me, and sent me the total want of money in which he them out of France, and I have heard of had been kept since his imprisonment. their safe arrival. 'Your two colleagues,' said he, have de- * From the first of my going to the voted themselves entirely to my defence. temple, the king had expressed a wish to They give me all their time and attention, read some journals. I took the earliest and, in the situation in which I am, I have opportunity to gratify his desire. I often not the means to remunerate them. I witnessed the coolness with which he thought of leaving them a legacy; but read the motions that were made against would it be paid ? It is paid, sire. ..! him in the tribune. However, among the By choosing them for your defenders, you many epithets bestowed upon him, that of have immortalized their names.'

tyrant always hurt him. 'I a tyrant !" " Finding, in this conversation, that the said he. The whole concern of a tyrant king was very much affected at not having is for himself. Has not my concern been it in his power to bestow the slightest always for my people? Do they or I hate bounty on any person whatever, I went to tyranny most? They call me tyrant; yet the temple, the next day, with a purse full know as well as you what I am. I like. of gold. "Sire,' said I, presenting it to wise carried him a copy of the ballad him, 'permit a family, whose riches are composed at that time and sung in every partly owing to the bounty of yourself and part of Paris. It was called : Louis XVI. of your ancestors, to lay this offering at to the French, and was a parody of the your feet.'. The king, at first, refused it; passage in Jeremiah, beginning, Popule but yielded to my entreaties. I have since meus ! quid feci tibi ... Ο η

my people! learned that, after his death, the purse

what have I done to you ....,? In the peru. was found unopened among his effects. sal of it, the king experienced some moHe had taken the precaution to affix to it ments of consolation. a label, on which was written, in his own “ One morning, as I was waiting in the hand, Money to be returned to M. de council-room till I could be admitted into Malesherbes.' A notice that was not at. the tower, I looked over some periodical tended to.

papers; on which a municipal, addressing One day, when I went to the temple, himself to me, said: "How can you, & after having passed, with scarce any in- friend of Louis, think of showing him pae termission, six-and-thirty hours in several pers in which he is always so ill treated }' committees of the convention, the king

Louis XVI.' I replied, “is not a man reproved me. My friend,' said he, 'why like many others. This municipal had exhaust yourself thus ? Even were this been a gentleman. labour sure to gain my cause, I would for. “ The king saw, with a ráxture of sur, bid it, though you would not obey me. prise and pain, persons of noble descent But when I am convinced that it is una. meanly serving the enemies of the throne vailing, I beg you to be more prudent and of the nobility. That men,' said he The sacrifice of my life is doomed; pre- to me, who are born in an obscure con: serve yours for a family that love you.' dition, that even they who were nobly de.

The king was so persuaded that he scended, but who had never had an opporwas to die, that on the very first day I tunity of knowing me, should have trusted was admitted to him, he took me aside, and blindly followed the enemies of my and said: My sister has given me the authority, does not astonish me. But that name and place of abode of a non-juring men placed about my person, and loaded priest, whom I wish to assist me in my with my favours, should have increased kast moments. Go and see him for me, the number of my persecutors, is what I

VOL. II.

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cannot comprehend. God is my witness, Joseph II. her brother, that calumny did that I cherish no hatred towards them, not attack. At first, it was whispered, and even, that if it were in my power to then printed in several journals, and, at do them any good, I still would.

last, confidently asserted in the tribune “ I have not yet spoken to you,' said of the national assembly, that the queen M. de Malesherbes, upon a cruel sub- had sent to Vienna, and given to the em: ject, which went to the king's heart; the perour innumerable millions. An atroinjustice of the French towards the queen.' cious assertion, which the abbé Maury

Did they know her value,' has he often early refuted. repeated to mė, did they know to what “ The factious,' continued the king, perfection she has exalted herself since are thus inveterate in decrying and our misfortunes, they would revere, they blackening the queen, only to prepare would cherish her; but, even before the the people to see her perish. Her death period of our adversity, her enemies and is determined. They fear that, if she lives, mine had the art, by sowing calumnies she will vindicate me. Unfortunate prinamong the people, to change to hatred cess! My marriage promised her a throne, that love of which she was so long the Now, what a prospect does it offer her! object.' Then entering into a detail of Saying these words, the king pressed my the things that were imputed to her, he hand, and shed tears. defended the queen.

“ The day before this, the king asked “ You saw her,' said he to me, arrive me, if I had met the white woman in the at court. She was little more than a child. temple. “ No, sire,' answered I. 'What,' My mother and grandmother were both replied he, smiling, do not you know dead. She had, indeed, my aunts ; but that, according to vulgar tradition, when their rights over her were not of the same any prince of my house is going to die, a nature. Placed amidst a brilliant court, woman, dressed in white, wanders about and having before her eyes a woman the palace? maintained there by intrigue, the queen, “ When, in spite of the exertions of then dauphiness, was the daily witness of my colleagues and myself, the fatal senher pomp and prodigality. What must tence was pronounced, they entreated me not she, who united in her own person so to take upon me the mournful commission many advantages, have conceived of her of breaking it to the king: I see him still. own power and rights !!

His back was turned to the door: his el. " To have associated with the favour- bows rested on a table: and his face was ite, would have been unworthy of the dau- covered with his hand. At the noise I phiness. Compelled to enter into a kind made in entering, his majesty rose. ' For of retirement, she adopted a mode of life two hours,' said he, looking stedfastly at exempt from ceremony and constraint, me, ' I have been endeavouring to recol. and continued in the habit of it after she lect if, in the course of my reign, I have came to the throne. Those manners, new willingly given my subjects any just cause at court, were too suitable to my own of complaint against me: and I protest to taste to be opposed by me. I was not, at you, from the bottom of my heart, that that time, aware how dangerous it is for I do not deserve any reproach from the sovereigns to allow themselves to be seen French. I never had a wish but for their too nearly. Familiarity banishes the re- happiness. spect which is necessary to those who “I then disclosed to the king the sen. govern. At first, the publick applauded tence passed by the convention; and, rethe dropping of the old customs, and af- pressing the grief with which I was peneterwards made it a crime.

trated - One hope,' said I to him, 'yet “ It was natural for the queen to wish remains-An appeal to the nation. A moto have friends. She distinguished the tion of his head expressed to me, that he princess de Lamballe most. Her conduct, expected nothing from that. His resignaduring our misfortunes, has fully justified tion and his courage made a very strong that choice. The countess Jules de Po- impression upon me. The king perceiv. lignac pleased her; she made her also ed it. ' The queen and my sister,' said her friend. At the request of the queen, he to me, 'will not show less fortitude I bestowed upon the countess, since and resignation than I do. Death is pre. dutchess of Polignac, and her family, fa- ferable to their ti' vours that excited envy. The queen and “ In spite of the king's opinion, contiTrer friend became the objects of the most nued M. de Malesherbes, I had still unjust censure.

some hope in an appeal to the nation; but ä There was nothing,' added the king, his majesty knew his implacable enemies Snot even her aflection for the emperour better than I did. I depended, likewise,

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