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upon some favourable commotion. In re- hand, ' do not weep. We shall meet in turning with my colleagues from the as. a better world. I grieve to part with such sembly, where we had been to give notice a friend as you. Adieu! When you leave of the king's appeal, several persons, with my room, restrain your feelings You must. whom I was acquainted, surrounded me Consider that you will be observed. in the lobby of the hall, and assured me, Adieu !Adieu!' that some faithful subjects would rescue “ I left the temple with a broken heart. the king from his executioners, or perish An Englishman of my acquaintance, meetwith him.- ' Do you know them?' said he. ing me the day before the sentence was * No, sire; but I may meet them again. passed by the convention, said to me: * Do endeavour to find them out; and tell * Good citizens have yet some hope, as them, that I thank them for the zeal they the most unfortunate of kings has a de. show for me, but that they must repress fender in the most virtuous of men.'- If it. Any attempt would expose their lives, Louis XVI. falls,' I replied, 'the defender without saving mine. When the use of of the most virtuous of kings will be the force might have preserved my throne most unhappy of men.' My reply has been and life, I refused to resort to it; and realized.” shall I now cause French blood to be shed? The translation is not well execu.
“ After this painful interview, I had the ted. There are many errours of honour of one more conversation with the king. In taking leave of him, I could not grammar and inelegancies, such as restrain my tears. • Tender hearted old justest, p. 25, and “ had broke up" man,' said his majesty, pressing my for broken, p. 62.
FROM THE MONTHLY REVIEW.
Memoirs of Maria Antoinetta, Archdutchess of Austria, Queen of France and Navarre ; including several important Periods of the French Revolution, from its Origin to the 16th of October 1793, the Day of her Majesty's Martyrdom ; with a Narrative of the Trial and Martyrdom of Madame Elizabeth ; the Poisoning of Louis XVII. in the Temple; the Liberation of Madame Royale, Daughter of Louis XVI. and various subsequent Events. By Joseph Weber, Foster Brother of the unfortunate Queen, formerly employed in the Department of the Finances of France, and now Pensioner of his Royal Highness the Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen. Translated from the French, by R. C. Dallas, Esq. Vol. I. 8vo. pp. 472, sewed.
VERY different accounts have enthusiasm seems to acknowledge been given of the conduct and cha- no bounds, his relations have a siin. racter of the exalted but unfortunate plicity and a consistency which speak subject of the present work. Some strongly in favour of their authentihave charged her with gross and open city. In his pages, the actions of the profligacy; others have been con- ill fated princess prove her to have tented to impute to her those irregu- been compassionate, placable, benefilarities only which were but too com- cent, and generous ; an affectionate mon among the higher ranks in wife, a tender parent, and a gentle France; while a few have contended for mistress. The attachment shown to the correctness of her private deport- the queen in adverse fortune, by those ment. In this class stands the writer who had shared her protection in her now before us; who, it cannot be prosperous days, is urged by the audisputed, had means of information thor as a proof of the fidelity of the not inferiour to those of any of her picture which he has drawn of her; panegyrists, or of her accusers, A and in support also of this represengreat part of his life was spent near tation, he addresses to his readers her person ; he appears to have been the following interrogatory : honoured in a considerable degree with her regard, and to have mixed friend of that princess so virtuous, mild,
“ She was," he tells us, “ the bosom in her private societies ; and though and pure, who seemed to be an angel, he writes under a strong bias, and his stationed by Heaven amidst the royal fa
mily to console them in the hours of af- the appearance of a general mourning, infiction; the bosom friend of madame Eli. stead of the hilarity of a marriage. Alas! al. zabeth, in whose face were united the ready was the day marked in futurity when queen's beauty with the benignant fea- that mourning was to be a dreadful one ! tures of her august brother. That prin- “Every tribute of respect, all the charms cess, of unblemished morals and exem. of hope, all the intoxication of publick plary piety, that celestial mind was at- love, attended the entrance of the daugh. tached with the tenderest affection to ter of MARIA THERESA, the young and MARIA ANTOINETTA. Will it ever in beautiful dauphiness of France, on the future be believed, that this adorable wo- French territory. On her way, she every man could have vowed and preserved the where captivated all hearts. Nature, as uualterable attachment she manifested for was said by madame Polignac, had formthe queen, had there been the slightest ed MARIA ANTOINETTA for a throne. foundation for the least of the charges A majestick stature, a noble beauty, and that have been advanced or insinuated by a manner of holding her head difficult to her enemies against her conduct? The describe, inspired respect. Her features, constant friendship of madame Elizabeth without being regular, possessed, what would be an answer to every calumny, a was far superiour, infinite grace. The refutation of every libel, were it necessary clearness of her complexion set them off, to answer or refute them."
and gave a dazzling lustre to her counteThe author's account of the origin nance, The most engaging manners still and progress of the revolution is heightened all these charms; and, in the given in a neat and luminous manner;
bloom of youth, the elegance and viva. but we discover in it no new facts. lively expression of a good heart and na
city of her motions, with the frank and We shall therefore pass it over, and tive wit, were particularly calculated to confine our attention to a few of the delight the French of those days. She incidents which are stated as occur- charmed her husband, she charmed the ring in the prosperous days of the king and all his family, the court and the queen, and which preserve some of town, the high and the low, each sex, all
ranks, and all ages." her characteristick traits.
The ensuing anecdote indicates In the subsequent extract we are
elevation of mind, as well as a forinformed of the interest which her departure excited in her native city,
“ The marquis of Pontécoulant, major and of the enthusiastick welcome with
of the life-guards, had been so unfortunate which she was received in her adopt- in the lifetime of Louis XV. as to incur ed country :
the displeasure of the dauphiness. The “ The archdutchess left Vienna. The cause was not a very serious one; but the people all few to the way she was to princess, resenting it with the hasty viva. take; and at first their grief was dumb. city of youth, declared she would never She appeared ; and was seen, her cheeks forget it. The marquis, who had not him. bathed in tears, lying back in her coach, self forgotten this declaration, no sooner covering her eyes sometimes with her beheld MARIA ANTOINETTA seated on handkerchief and sometimes with her the throne, than he conceived himself hands; now and then putting her head likely to meet with some disgrace, and out of the carriage, to take another look resolved to prevent it; for which purpose, at the palace of her ancestors, which she he directly gave in his resignation to the was never more to enter; and making prince of Beauveau, captain of the guards, signs of regret and acknowledgment to at the same time frankly giving him his the truly worthy people, who were press- reasons for so painful a procedure on his ing in crowds to bid her adieu. They part, adding, that he would greatly regret now no longer answered with silent tears; being under the necessity of quitting the the most piercing cries arose from every king's service ; but if his majesty would quarter. Men and women expressed be pleased to employ him in some other their grief alike. The avenues as well as way, he should be very happy. The capthe streets of Vienna resounded with their tain of the guards perceiving the distress cries; nor did they return home till the of the major's mind, and well acquainted last horseman in her suite was out of with his merits, took upon himself to presight, and then but to bewail with their sent his resignation to the king; but, prefamilies the common loss. The melan. viously waiting upon the queen, he reprecholy impression lasted for a long time; sented to her the affliction with which the and long did the capital of Austria wear marquis of Pontécoulant was overwhelm.
ed, recounted the usefulness and number feelings, she nevertheless succeeded most of his former services, and then concluded effectually in manifesting them to all, for not by asking what orders she would be pleas- a gesture escaped her, not a tear fell from ed to give, with respect to what was to be her eye, that did not contribute to augdone with the resignation. The sight alone ment the enthusiastick ardour with which of the prince of Beauveau was sufficient to her every motion was attended to. Her excite generosity in the heart of another, brother, and the princes of the royal faand that of MARIA ANTOINETTA already mily, bowed by turns to the audience, ac. fostered the principle in its fullest influ- knowledging the justice of their allusion ;
"The queen,' said she, 'remem- and then, turning to the queen, congratubers not the quarrels of the dauphiness, lated her upon the splendid triumph she and I now request that the marquis of enjoyed, professing themselves delighted Pontécoulant will no longer recollect what at the idea of adding to it by their preI have blotted from my memory."
sence. Along the passages, upon the Another incident shows with what stairs, and to the very door of the theatre, favour she was regarded at that time
was this chorus repeated ; every place by the fickle Parisians :
rang with those favourite words,
Chantons, célébrons notre reine. “The queen came to Paris to see the
What a moment must this have been for play of Iphigenia in Aulus. The empe: MARIA ANTOINETTA! How deep must rour sate next to her at the theatre, and
she have drunk of the cup of joy!” the royal family filled up the box. The audience received them with the liveliest
A domestick scene next presents testimonies of joy; but all this was trifling itself: when compared to the transport which was " Three hours after the birth of the excited by an incident in the piece. At dauphin, three hundred couriers set off that part in which the young and beaute- from Versailles, to bear the news ous Iphigenia passes in triumph through every part of the kingdom, and to all foa the midst of the Grecian camp, a chorus reign courts. The capital was very soon of Thessalians exclaims,
informed of it. Scarcely was the cry of a Que d'attraits ! Que de majesté! dauphin, a dauphin, heard in the palace, Que de grâces ! Que de beauté ! ere it echoed through Versailles, made
Chantons, célébrons notre reine. its way along the publick roads, and reBehold her beauteous and majestick form! sounded in every corner of Paris. What grace divine our youthful queen
“The shops were instantly shut; every displays !
one rushed to the places of worship to Loud swell the strain to celebrate her offer up thanksgivings to Heaven ; dances praise.
were formed in the open streets; alms Scarcely were these words uttered when were delivered to the poor; and prison, the allusion struck the minds of all. Not ers were set at liberty. The king, transonly were the eyes of the whole theatre ported with joy, gave the most ingenuous turned towards the young and beautiful proofs of it to the court and all his peoMARIA ANTOINETTA; not only was eve- ple. Like Henry IV. he appeared at the ry applauding hand directed towards the windows with the child in his arms, showplace she occupied, but even the chorus ing him to the crowd that flocked in re. was encored, a thing unheard of in this peated multitudes to shower their blessdrama. The actor, who performed the ings upon it and the father. He received part of Achilles, overjoyed at seeing him the deputations of sovereign courts, of self all at once made the organ of the sen. municipalities, and of all the trading comtiments of the French people, pointed di- panies.* High and low, rich and poor, rectly to the queen's box, repeating to his Thessalian followers,
* “ The king was very fond of mecha. Chantez, celebrez notre reine. nicks, and his usual work of recreation The people in every part of the theatre was making of locks. The company of stood up, and joined their voices with locksmiths, belonging to Versailles, came those of the actors. The queen, who was upon this happy occasion to pay their dustanding, leaned upon her brother, en- tiful congratulations, presenting him at tirely overcome by her sensibility, and the the same time with a production of their grateful pleasure that filled her breast. trade, which they denominated a master. She endeavoured to withdraw herself from piece. It was a secret lock. The king de. the homage so eagerly pressed upon her; sired that he might be left to find out the and, although amid the confused sensa- secret himself. This he did; but at the tions that rushed in upon her at once, she instant that he touched the spring, there was incapable of giving expression to her darted, from the centre of the lock, a were all alike permitted to draw near to wounded, leaped over the low walt of a him with their felicitations; his happi. little garden at Achere, and springing on ness was the happiness of all, and the joy a peasant, who was digging on the ground, which he witnessed in others increased thrust his horns into his bowels. Some of his own.
the neighbours who saw the sad accident, “The queen, in the mean while, had not finding that the poor gardener was exlost sight of what might be termed her fa- piring, ran to tell his wife, who was work. vourite deed of piety. She had already sent ing in the fields, at the distance of a mile to give freedom to a hundred women,
and a half from the place. The unhappy who were confined in consequence of not woman rent the air with her cries, and being able to defray the expense of nurs- gave every mark of the most violent deing their children. She yet, however, spair. The dauphiness, who was passing knew only that she was a mother, but was in a chariot at the time, not far from the ignorant whether of a prince or princess. spot, in her way to the rendezvous of the The king, with his wonted tender solici- chace, hearing the cries of the disconsotude, had requested her to consent to re- late woman, stopped her carriage, and main ignorant of her infant's sex till the darting from it, flew across the vineyard, second day, fearful that joy or disappoint to the assistance of the sufferer, whom ment might have an equally bad effect she found in fits. She made her smell upon her constitution ; but, on the other some hartshorn, and in the mean while hand, the continuance of her anxiety inquired into the nature of the accident might also be dangerous. At length, that had just happened. The poor woman, after having himself struggled for several on recovering, found herself in the arms hours with the secret, he found that he of the dauphiness, who was weeping. could no longer withstand the entreaties This young princess endeavoured, by eve. of the beloved of his soul. Seated on the ry tender consideration which her heart bed near the queen, he listened while she could suggest, to console this victim of cadeclared to him with the most enchanting lamity, and gave her all the money her complacency of manner, that if indeed her purse contained. When the dauphin, the wish had always been for a son, it was a
count and countess of Provence came up, wish inspired by her anxiety for the com- they mingled their sympathy with her's, monweal, and the satisfaction of the king. and followed the example of her bounty. So resigned did she appear, so determined She then ordered her carriage to the spot, to receive without a murmur whatever and obliged the miserable woman to get Heaven had given, and so perfectly con- in, with her child, and two other villagers; vinced was she that it was a daughter, at the same time giving strict charge to from the mysterious silence preserved, one of her servants to carry the wife with that the king could no longer contain all speed to her husband, and the poor himself. He rose, and called aloud to the child to its father, and then to return as attendants, to bring M. the dauphin to the quick as possible to give her an account queen. At these words the grateful-shall of the state in which the wounded man I say the happy? yes, that moment hap- Whilst the dauphiness was waiting piness was her's; the happy MARIA AN. in all the agony of suspense for the footTOINETTA raised herself up in the bed, man's return, the king joined her, and, and spread out her arms towards the hearing what had happened, exclaimedking, when this august pair, locked up in “What a shocking thing it would be if this each other's embrace, mingled tears so
man should die ! How shall we ever confull of rapture, that even the dauphin was
sole his wife and child ? How otherallowed to remain beside them for some wise, my dear father,' replied the dauphiminutes without being perceived."
ness, 'than by striving to relieve their Another anecdote shows that this distress ? for shall we not, by that means, fascinating princess must have been in some degree lessen the bitterness of
their lot !' The king immediately proeminently amiable and charitable. " It happened when Louis XV. was
mised to give them a pension, and ordered
his first surgeon to visit the wounded hunting in the forest of Fontainbleau, that
man every day, who, by such care, was, at a furious stag, having been several times
length restored to his family, to bless his
illustrious benefactress.” dauphin admirably worked in steel. The
In the following passage, a claim king was much delighted, and with a full heart declared that the ingenious present
is urged in favour of the queen, to of these worthy people gratified him much, which her right, we believe, is not and with his own hands he made them á generally known : handsome remuneration."
“ France prides herself at present, and French, it at least proved useful to the justly, on possessing the first Lyrical art. In fact, it is to that fermentation, and Theatre of Europe. The master pieces to the discussions it produced, that the of musick with which the collection of the world are indebted for those master pieces Royal Academy of Paris has been enrich- Dido, Edipus, Armida, and Alcestes, ed for fifteen years past, secure it an in- which will remain for ever the glory of the contestable superiority over those of all Lyrical Theatre of Paris, and be lasting other capitals. This justice is paid to it models for future artists. This is one of by all travelers and people of taste. It the permanent benefits which France has would be very difficult, not to say impos- derived from Maria Antoinetta. As sible, to estimate the sums which this dra. long as the French are sensible of the matick preeminence has drawn to Paris, effects of harmony, of the charms of meand scattered over France, by the con- lody; as long as a taste for the beautiful course of opulent strangers which it has prevails in France, it will be as impossible contributed to bring or detain in the to forget the fifteen years reign of MARIA country. Now, it is a fact which every ANTOINETTA, as it is now to forget the one must acknowledge, that the musick glorious age of Louis XIV. and perhaps of France, before the arrival of Maria the favourites of Euterpe, in speaking of ANTOINETTA, was semi-barbarous. This the period when that magick spectacle in science was still in its infancy, while all the which poetry, dancing, and musick combine others had passed the period of their ma- a hundred ple
ures in one, attained its turity. As soon as MARIA ANTOINETTA greatest glory, will one day call it the age had been at the opera, she resolved to im- of MARIA ANTOINETTA. prove the national taste. To her it is, to
Happy had it been for this high her enlightened love of the arts, that
personage, for France, and for the France is indebted for the revolution which was then effected in musick. She
world, had she confined herself to it was who brought from Vienna to Paris,
the cares, occupations, and scenes who encouraged, who protected against with which and in which she is here all cabals, the chevalier Gluck, who had had represented as busied. But unfortuthe honour to give her lessons, and who nately she was induced to interfere in was the first that could place the dagger publick affairs, for which province of Melpomene in the hands of Euterpe. she was totally unfit. The fact clearHe gave to the serious opera the true tone of tragedy. Boileau said of the opera ly appears from the present work, of his day :
though it is but slightly touched. Jusqu'à je vous hais, tout s'y dit tendre. The unpopularity of her later years ment.
is ascribed to the machinations of the And e'en I hate you glides a tender strain.
duke of Orleans, and to a most unA critique which, with very few exceptions, was still applicable to the opera, as
founded suspicion that she sacrificed MARIA ANTOINETTA found it at her ar.
the interest of France from affection rival in France. In a few years it felt her to her brother. The hostility of the happy influence; and could Boileau have duke is attributed to the queen harevisited the world, he would have found
ving discountenanced his profligate that my illustrious countryman, Gluck, as poetical in his musick as Corneille and
manners by refusing him admission Racine were harmonious in their poetry,
to her parties at Versailles and Triahad, in his operas, put in practice the pre- non," in which gayety and sprightliness cepts of the legislator of Parnassus, and never intrenched on the fornis of dethat at his touch, each passion spoke its cency and propriety," and to the heteproper language. MARIA ANTOINETTA
rodox political principles which he not only invited to Paris the genius who was the boast of Vienna, but also those
had imbibed in his education, and in excellent composers whose works were
his visits to Englard. the delight of Italy. Piccini and Sacchini Mr. Weber alludes to the famous were desired and encouraged by MARIA affair of the necklace, without eluciANTOINETTA to come and enrich the dating it; and though he confidently French stage. In this they succeeded,
asserts the innocence of the queen, by following the path marked out by the German Orplieus ; and if the competition action, he omits to state the grounds
and her total ignorance of the transof these three celebrated masters occa. sioired some warm disputes among the on which liis opinion is formed. He