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greed, and treachery, into the wrong house in the called herself, Lady Alice Kenlis. I believe this midst of a “rout,” must have been written about, to be the custom under the circumstances. and even, one would think, printed about, in con

C. G. H. temporary letters, diaries, or newspapers.

The host, hostess, and guests of the

I am glad this question has again been raised.

wrong house would assuredly not have kept silence in such a

I still think my view is right, and have to point case, but would have put in, actively enough, their out that the cases cited by Sir S. D. Scortlittle claim to notoriety by hooking themselves on Grosvenor-prove nothing against it, Bingham and

Lady Cecilia Bingham and Lady Constance to Wellington and Waterloo. Now, can any of Grosvenor being not merely the courtesy titles, the numerous contributors to, and readers of, but also the family names of the husbands of these “N. & Q.” furnish me with a reference to MS. or


BEROALD INNES. print containing any mention of the intrusion of Haydon's misdirected Foreign Office messenger, Allow me to point out, at a moment's notice, armed with the news of the victory of Waterloo, three instances of precedent for “Lady Sydney into somebody's house in Portman Square ? Inverurie” – Lady Constance Grosvenor, Lady

H. F. Marian Alford, Lady Katherine Valletort. In fact,

the custom (whether right or wrong) is universal. STYLE AND TITLE (5th S. iii. 308, 337 ; vi. 522.)

L. E. -I have much pleasure in replying to MR. WOODWARD'S query. The recently deceased Lady Mary Sandon, so known as being the Dowager Countess Powis (d. of James, third Duke daughter of a marquis, although by courtesy of Montrose) was for twenty years known as Lady Viscountess Sandon, affords an instance of a rule Lucy Clive, while the wife of Viscount Clive.

which does not apply only to the daughters of a I assume that neither MR. INNES nor MR.


H. W. WOODWARD will object to instances of marquesses'

BIRDS NAMED IN DRAYTON'S daughters married to husbands of inferior rank, (5th S. vi. 513.) – Of those about which Mr. Pick

POLYOLBION which make the case in point even stronger, l.9., Ford inquires, the red-sparrow is evidently but a Lord Sandon's wife is called Lady Mary Sandon ; the present Lady Tankerville was Lady Olivia misprint for - reed-sparrow, everywhere now the Ossulston until the Earl succeeded to his father's commonest name of what naturalists call the reedtitle ; Lady Marian Alford is the widow of Vis- bunting ; the nope is the bullfinch, a name still

also in use ; the yellow-pate can hardly be anycount Alford.

If Lady Sydney Montagu, on marrying Lord thing else than the yellow-hammer, or yellowInverurie, were styled “Lady Inverurie," she would bunting, though I confess I am unable to see how be dropping her superior rank; and if called the poet's characteristics of it are applicable ; the

Lady Sydney Keith-Falconer," that would be tydy is doubtless the wren, occasionally called her proper designation had she married the Earl

tidley”; and the hecco is certainly the green of Kintore's younger son.



Athenæum. A woman never loses, and should not concede, her native precedence unless she becomes the wife The following extracts from my forthcoming

Glossary of Corrupted Words will answer two, at I have shown that there are precedents, and least, of Mr. Pickford's queries :therefore maintain that Lady Sydney Inverurie is

The hecco is the woodpecker-a name probably rightfully so called.

ŠIBBALD SCOTT. derived from its characteristic habit of pecking old

timber in search of insects, as if the hacker (Picard MR. WOODWARD requests Sir S. Scott to give héquer, to hew wood). Compare its German name another instance in which a duke's daughter, baumhacker, and nut-hatch = nut-hacker. Florio marrying a commoner who, as eldest son of a peer, explains the Italian picchio as a knocke, a pecke, bears a courtesy title, has joined together her hus- a clap, a iob, a snap, a thumpe or great stroke. band's title and her own Christian name. I can | Also, a bird called a wood-hacker, a wood-wall, a give him one of a marquis's daughter, which will woodpecker, a tree iobber, a hickway, a jobber, a suit for the purpose as well as a duke's. Lady spight, a snapper." So Lat. picus is perhaps oriAlice Hill, sister of the late Marquis of Downshire, ginally “ the pecker.” Synonymous in other lanmarried Thomas Taylour, styled by courtesy Lord guages are Dan. træ-pikker, Swed. vedl:nar, Welsh Kenlis, only son of Thomas Taylour, by courtesy cnocell-y-coed, Gk. druokoláptes. Earl of Bective, who was son of the Marquis of Hecco is found in the following corrupted forms: Headfort. Until the recent decease of his - Hick-way (Cotgrave, Florio), hick-wall

, hyghgrandfather, when his father succeeded to the whele, hickol, hickle, heighaw (Picard huyar), marquisate, and himself to the courtesy title of heyhoe, huhole (Florio), and hew-hole. Earl of Bective, Lord Kenlis’s wife was styled, and Nope is a bullfinch, and is evidently a coales

of a peer.

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cence of the article with its substantive (as in newt, era ; but, as the Gauja Agrahara grant is dated at &c.); a nope for an ope. The original word is the solar eclipse of Sunday, April 7, 1521, in the alp (olph, olf).

111th year of the Sáka Yudishthira, it follows that Alpe, a bryde. Ficedula.”—Prompt. Parru- the era Yúdishthira, styled Kali Yuga, must have lorum (c. 1440).

commenced in A.D. 1410, or 4,420 years subse"Alp, a bulfinch.”—“ Dictionarium Rusticum," quent to the period assigned to it by popular in Systema Agriculture, 1687.

tradition. “In many places were nightingales,

The Gauja Agrahára grant was made by the Alpes, finches, and wodwales."

reigning Rája of Hastiná-púr, Janamé-Jáya, the Romaunt of the Rose, 1. 658.

son of Parikshita, and great-grandson of YudishChochepierre, a kinde of noupe or bullfinch."- thira of the Sáka, in presence of the idol in the Cotgrave.

great temple at Harihara, on the occasion of a Fraylezillo, a bird with blacke feathers on the public sacrifice made to Agni, fire, attended by head, like linget, called of some an owpe.”— 32,000 inhabitants from the adjoining villages, Minheu, Span. Dict.

at which his captive prisoners, according to the In Somersetshire owpe is corrupted into hoop. Mahábhárata* and the Puranas generally, were Hoop, a bullfinch, ex. Cock-hoop, hen-hoop.”- burnt to death in incredible numbers with the Williams and Jones, Glossary.

most atrocious cruelty. A minute detail of the A. SMYTHE PALMER. boundaries of the Gauja Agrahára estate is given Lower Norwood, S.E.

in the deed of conveyance, which is engraved on The yellow-pate, probably the yellow-hammer, Sunday, April 7, 1521, when the eclipse observed

plates of copper. It was made about eleven o'clock, here, on the Borders, is called yite, yellow yite, at Ulm was also recorded ; and the grant, as well and yellow yorlin. The only other bird that we have likely to get the name is the gold-crest. The

as the lands, having now been in possession of the “ laughing heccowill, I think, be the

families to whom it was made for a period of 350 woodpecker. Its note is designated a laugh, and years, its chronological value cannot possibly be set the way I have heard a gamekeeper from the South aside by denouncing it to have been a forgery. pronounce one of its many local names (ecle) Andhaka, the blind, on account of his short

Yudishthirat was called Andhra, Andla, and sounded very like hecco; or it may be the same as a very old name for this bird, “high-hoe” sightedness, and the Andhras of Magadha were (Willoughby's Ornithology, p. 135). A. B.

probably his descendants, or those of his cousin, Kelso.

Jarasandha. Will W. E., who has himself so

great a knowledge of the subject, under the above MissinG ANCIENT HINDU GRANT BY RAJA circumstances, kindly explain when and how the KARNA (5th S. vi. 187, 290, 351.)— The Pándava grant and lands could have come into the posbranch of the Chandra-vansi dynasty was founded session of their present owners, if the historical by, and is called after, Rája Pándu; and the Hindú reality of Janamé-Jáya is not allowed ; and a deed Sáka,* or era, Kali Yuga commences with the of gift, attested in every way that was possible to accession of Yudishthira, the eldest of his five re- make it legal and durable, set aside as being a puted sons, to the throne at Hastina-purt on the worthless forgery, or, what is equally improbable, Tunga-Bhadra river, seventy miles north-east from a mendacious fiction? R. R. W. ELLIS. its junction at Harihara with the Haridra, accord

Starcross, near Exeter. ing to the Mahábhárata, “ The stately capital that from the elephant

Rev. R. S. HAWKER, OF MORWENSTOW (5th S. Derives its name,”

v. 403, 441, 479, 524 ; vi. 42.)—My friend MR. as given in the various names, Hastiná-púr, Nág notes on the late gifted but eccentric Vicar of

J. E. BAILEY, in the course of his interesting akhya, Gaja-khyám, Gaja-sawaya, and Ana-gunde, Morwenstow, in referring to the appearance of by which it is spoken oft

The Sáka Yúdishthira, or fabulous period called “Sir Beville” in a certain collection of ballads Kali Yuga, commences with his accession to the under a different title, and with the statement

an old oak Gaddi at Hastiná-púr-an all important event in that the MS. had been found in “ Hindú chronology, said to have taken place at the who loved a joke, was perhaps at the bottom of

chest” at an ancient hall, remarks that “the vicar, vernal equinox, 3,102 years before the Christian this affair.” This is very unlikely, as I recollect

* Prinsep's Useful Tables, p. 40; Buchanan's Southern sending him a review in which his disguised ballad India, vol. iii. p. 110.

t "Passage of Arms at Hastiná-púr," by Prof. H. H. * Astika, called also Sarpa Satru Parva, Fragmens du Wilson, Quarterly Oriental Magazine, 1825, vol. iii. p. 137; Mahábhárala, traduits par Th. Pavie, Paris, 1844, p. 33, Dr. R. Rost, Ivdia Office Library, Journal of Bombay 165. branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1873, by Prof. Rám + Raj Taringini, translated by Shea and Troyer, vol. ii. Krishna Gopal, Bhandákar, M.A., vol. x. p. 81.

p. 38, India Office Library.

was quoted with commendation, and his next bed-chamber with a person in bed, and a boy letter contained some vigorous lamentations as to drawing back a curtain, with this speech proceedthe wrong thus inflicted upon him. Mr. Hawker ing from his mouth, “Sire, souvenes vous, que himself assured me of the rarity of the little vo- vous estes homme.” Underneath the print contains lume entitled Records of the Western Shore. The these words :spirited ballad " Annot of Benallay” is reprinted “ Philipe Roy de Macedoine, commande a un de ses in the eighth volume of the Reliquary, with some pages, de l’eveiller tous les Matins et luy dire, Sire, commentary by the undersigned. Some additions souvenes vous, que vous estes homme.” were made in a notice of Cornish Ballads (1869) The engraving is marked "C. Galle f.," "N. V. which appeared in the same periodical. A singu- Horst i.," both artists who flourished in the former lar fact which has escaped MR. BAILEY is that half of the seventeenth century. “Genovava” appeared in a part of Burns's Fire

A. B. MIDDLETON. side Library, entitled German Ballads, Songs, &c., The Close, Salisbury. comprising translations from Schiller, Uhland, Bürger, Goethe, Körner, Becker, Fouqué, Cha

Henry INGLES (5th S. vi. 490.)-In Graduati misso, &c., London, James Burns, n.d., '12mo. Cantabrigienses this reverend gentleman appears The poem will be found at p. 161, and has ap- decessors at Rugby, he never proceeded to the

only as M.A. Possibly, like some of his prepended to it the well-known initials R. S. H.

In the second edition of the What is the literary history of this volume ? In degree of D.D. addition to the translations, which are vigorous Rugby registers (as also in Gent. Mag., 1809), it is and good, it includes several original poems. The true, this degree is bestowed on him, but in the contributors are H. T., S. M., R. I. W., G. F. earlier and fuller edition it is conspicuous by its Richardson, F. E. S., and R. S.'H. Can they now absence. A chapter on the roll of head-masters is be identified ? WILLIAM E. A. Axon.

a desideratum which The Book of Rugby School Bank Cottage, Barton-on-Irwell.

(1856) made no attempt to supply. It may be

hoped that, in connexion with the list of masters "ADVERSITY NEEDS Not,” &c. (5th S. vi. 429.) which will be prefixed to the annotated edition of —This is, of course, the story of Philip of Macedon the school registers, now contemplated, such inforand his page, the latter being enjoined the duty of mation as is here sought for will be fully and reminding his master on awaking that he was " but accurately put on record.

RUGBEIAN. a man.” In that ghastly book, The Mirror which

New Univ. Club.
Flatters Not, by P. de la Serres, translated by T.
Cary, and printed in 1638, the incident will be

THE SIN-EATER (5th S. vi. 505.)— MR. WATSON found both morally enforced and pictorially repre- almost identical parallel to this Yorkshire religious

may perhaps not be aware of a very curious and sented, in company with such congenial mementoes as the victorious Saladin being kept in check by called, in the book on Turkistan recently pub

ceremony, superstition, or whatever it may be his standard of a shirt, displayed as an emblem lished' by Mr. Schuyler. He found it, if I rememthat this would be all he would carry to the grave, ber right, among the Mussulmans of Khokand as while Adrian's ambition is controlled by a like reminder of his mortality in a coffin in the van of a regular part of their religious observances.

A. C. B. his triumphant processions ; and lastly, Diogenes exhibiting to Alexander a pile of skulls to intimate

[See “N. & Q.,"1" S. vi. 390, 541.] that there was no dis tion in the grave, the SHAKSPEARE AND THE BIBLE (5th S. vi. 509.) whole headed by a frontispiece of a skeleton regally Mr. Watson doubtless will be glad to learn (if robed and surrounded by his emblems of mortality: he is not acquainted with the book) that a work These engravings were also used for Woodward's on curious parallel passages—“Shakspeare and Fair Warnings to a Careless World. J. O.

the Bible” -was published in the year 1843 by The story alluded to is this :

Messrs. Calkin & Budd, of London, entitled :" Philippus, postquam apud Chæroneam Atheniensium Works of Shakspeare, compared with Sacred Passages

“Religious and Moral Sentences, culled from the profligavit opes, adeo ex nimia felicitate efferri cæpit, ut drawn from Holy Writ: being a Selection of Religious de hominem fortunæ malis obnoxium esse non cogitaret amplius. Verum cum intelligeret, quid mali ex tanta Sentiments and Moral Precepts blended in the Dramatic superbia sibi immineret, ex aulicis pueric uni id muneris Works of our Immortal Bard." injunxit, ut ad solis exortum in suum cubiculum ingressus The work to my mind is very carefully done, and inclamaret : Rex memineris te non deum sed hominem is very curious in its way. It is a work I often esse, multis fragilitatibus, ærumnis ac malis obnoxium consult with profit and pleasure. et expositum.”—Cælius Rhouig. Lib. xix. cap. 33, Lectionum Antiquarum, ap. Lang. Polyanth. Noviss. v.

WILLIAM TEGG. “ Hominis.”



516 ; 5th S. i. 254, 300 ; vi. 473.)-It may be I have a curious old engraving representing a noted that there is preserved at Blair-Adam

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House, in Kinross-shire (within sight of Lochleven), A. R.'s newspaper paragraph does not say the a large and very antique key, which was presented titles were proclaimed at the altar, though the by Sir Walter Scott to the late Rt. Hon. Lord coronet was offered there. The

ceremony was Chief Commissioner Adam as one of the ancient probably nothing more than the ordinary proclakeys of the castle recovered from the lake. mation of a peer's titles over the grave, and the

CLEF. offering of the coronet was most likely merely of OLD COLLECT FOR CHRISTMAS DAY (5th S. vi.

C. F. S. Warren, M.A. a private nature.

Bexhill. 513.)- The old Collect stood in 1549 as follows :

"God, which makest us glad with the yerely remem- At the funeral of Edward Stanley, fifth Earl of brance of the birth of thy onely sonne Jesus Christ: Derby, who died in 1558 :graunt that as we joyfully receive him for our redemer, 80 we may with sure confidence beholde hym when he

“On Saturday before the funeral the body was brought shall come to be our judge, who liveth and reigneth,” &c. into the chapel...On Thursday, in the morning, before

the sermon, Henry, then E. of Derby, his son and sucI copy from Pickering's 4to. reprint, which may, cessor, being present, with the esquires and gentlemen, I believe, be depended on. Canon Bright's version his attendants, and the three chief officers of his house, is as nearly as poseible literal. Of course, re- viz., his steward, treasurer, and comptroller, standing membrance” replaced expectation” in 1549,

about the body with white staves in their hands, Clarenbecause this “first communion” was for Christmas this thanksgiving and style of the defunct, in form fol

cieux King-of-Arms, with his rich coat on, published Day, instead of for the Eve as in the Sarum Missal, lowing :- All honour, laud, and praise to Almighty God, from which the Collect was translated for the who through his divine goodness hath taken out of this English Church.

A. C. transitory world, to his eternal joy and bliss, the Right

Honourable Edward, Earl of Derby, Lord Stanley and The Common Lias Fossil (5th S. vi. 426.)

Strange, and Lord of Man and the Isles, Chamberlain of The Gryphæa incurva is known about Cheltenham Chester, one of the Lords of her Majesty's most honour. as the devil's toe-nail, but is more generally called noble Order of the Garter.'-History of the Noble

able Privy Council, and Knight Companion of tbe most a crow bug. W. J. BERNHARD SMITH.

House of Stanley, Manchester, 1840, 24mo., p. 105. Temple.

HIRONDELLE. + CLEMANT + Tossar + (5th S. vi. 410.) – I remember to have seen it stated, but cannot Clenient Tosier was a bell-founder of Salisbury now refer to any authority, that this custom was from 1680 to 1717. See Lukis on Church Bells, observed on the occasion of the interment, in DurPP. 8, 9, 13.

J. T. F.

ham Cathedral, of that excellent prelate, Bishop Hatfield Hall, Durham.

Van Mildert, the last of the Counts Palatine, one Joan Binghau (5th S. vi. 427.)—The monu- of whose titles was Earl of Sedberge. ment to“ John Bingham, Esquire, Sadler to

E. H. A. Queene Elizabeth and King James,” still exists

Proclaiming the style and title of the deceased, in the great church of St. Saviour at Southwark. breaking the wands of office, and throwing the It is a handsome mural monument on the west fragments into the grave, &c., were regular cerewall of the north transept, opposite to the recum- monies in a strictly heraldic funeral. P. P. bent effigy of the poet Gower. It affords an early instance of the application of the title “esquire” to a Sir BERNARD Gascoigne (5th S. vi. 447.)-I person in trade, and in retail trade. A. J. M.

cannot at this moment answer Mr. Piggot's quesST. NATHALAN (ith S. vi. 428.)—

tion as to this person, but will endeavour to obtain

some information about him. Please permit me “By his means Scotland was preserved from the Pela- to put an additional question relating to the Colgian heresy. He was one of the apostles of that country, and died in A.D. 452. He resided at Tullicht, now in

chester business. dioc. Aberdeen, and built the churches of Tullicht Matthew Carter, a Royalist quartermaster, who Bothelim and of the Hill; in the former of these he was was engaged in the defence of Colchester, wrote buried, and it long continued famous for miracles wrought an account of what took place there. I am anxious by his relics."

to know what editions there are of this book. The For further details see Alban Butler's Lives of the first was printed in 1650, in a small 8vo. There Saints, under January 8.

T. F. R.

is a copy of it in the British Museum (press mark St. Nathalan was Bishop of Aberdeen. He re

600, b. 8). sided at Tullicht, in the diocese of Aberdeen, and

I possess an edition published at Colchester, died in the year 452. See The Aberdeen Breviory. and“ printed and sold by J. Pilborough in High

C. J. E.

Street.” It is an 8vo. without date ; but, from

a memorandum in my copy, it must have been PROCLAIMING AN EARL'S TITLES AT THE ALTAR issued not later than 1767. I cannot find this 565 S. vi. 447.)- I am inclined to think the last edition in the British Museum catalogue. There three words contain an unfounded assumption. is, however, another edition there (press mark


9528, b.), 8vo. undated, but with the year 1810 But besides these three there is at least one other. suggested in the catalogue with a query. This is Those who have visited the crypt will remember called the fourth edition on the title-page. In a that the grave of Agnese Colonna was there shown particular passage where I have compared them as that of the only lady, not of sovereign rank, both, these differ materially from the text of the interred in the basilica. JOHN WOODWARD. first edition. What I wish to know is whether Montrose, these modern editions have been printed from another copy of Carter's manuscript, or whether,

In the account of Queen Christina's funeral, as I strongly suspect, the text has been altered given in Archenholz's Mémoires de Christine, vol. ii. for the sake of making it good eighteenth century App. 173, it is stated that she was the third queen English.


who had come to lay her bones in Rome. The Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

first was Catherine, the wife of Stephen V.,

last King of Bosnia, who, when Bosnia was overScot : SCOTLAND : Scotia (5th S. vi. 431.)—In run by the Turks in 1463, was by them “ flayed an address to the Pope by Giraldus Cambrensis, alive.” This queen fled to Rome, and died Oct. 15, he refers to Scotland as quæ nunc abusive Scotia 1478. The second was Charlotte, Queen of Cyprus, dicitur." I think this address is included in the who, on the death of her husband James, King of second volume of his works, published under the Cyprus, in 1473, was set aside by the Venetians

. direction of the Master of the Rolls. It is long She came to Rome, and died there July 16, 1487. since I read them.


The third was Christina of Sweden, who died at

Rome, April 19, 1689. A. MCMORRAN. The Mews, CHARING Cross (5th S. vi. 448.) The authority for the statement that Chaucer was

There are five women buried in the basilica,

namely, the Countess Matilda; Agnese Gaetani appointed custodian of the King's Mews, in 1389, Colonna ; Charlotte, Queen of Cyprus, ob. A.D. is to be found in the Royal Patent Rolls (Pat., 13 1487; Christina of Sweden; and Maria Clementina R. II., p. 1, n. 30). It is printed entire in the Sobieski, wife of the Pretender. K. H. B. appendix to Godwin's Life of Chaucer, vol. ii.

Naples. p. 633, where amongst other things the king confides to the care of Galfridi Chaucer “et mutas Was not Matilda, Countess of Tuscany (that nostras, pro falconibus nostris juxta Charyng- great benefactress to the Church during the ponticrouch.” The appointment bears date July 12, ficate of Gregory VII.), also interred at St. Peter's ? 1389; and, according to Godwin (ii. 499), Chaucer She died at Rome, and I remember a monument only held it about twenty months, as John Gedney in St. Peter's to her memory.

M. V. filled the office on Sept. 16, 1391.


Extract from Starke's Travels in Europe, Lon

don, Murray, 1832, pp. 197-8:The following is from p. 49 of Sir Harris Nico- “St. Peter's, Rome.-Over the door which leads to las's life of Chaucer, prefixed to Chaucer's Ro- the cupola is the tomb of Maria Clementina Sobieski. maunt of the Rose, &c., 3 vols., London, Pickering, Toward the high altar is the tomb of Christina of Swe 1846 :

den. Beyond is the tomb of the Countess Matilda (died

1115). In the subterranean church, that of Charlotte, “On the 12th of July, 1389, he was appointed to the Queen of Jerusalem and Cyprus.". valuable office of Clerk of the King's Works at the Palace

V. DE PONTIGNY. of Westminster, Tower of London, Castle of Berkhemstead, the King's Manors of Kennington, Eltham,

Upper Norwood.
Clarendon, Sheen, Byfleet, Childern Langley, and
Feckenham; also at the Royal Lodge of Fatherbergh,

“ DROMEDARY” (5th S. vi. 426.)—W. T. M. can in the New Forest, at the Lodges in the Parks of Claren: scarcely have considered the evidence for the etydon, Childern Langley, and Feckenham, and at the mology of dromedary, dictionary in hand. It is a Mews for the King's falcons at Charing Cross. His pity to make such crude guesses. The camel, an duties, which he was permitted to execute by deputy, Eastern animal known to the Latins through their are fully described in the patent (Rot. Pat., 13 Ric. 11., intercourse with the Greeks, like many other p. 1, m. 30, G.) : his salary was two shillings per diem, animals, brought its name with it. There were and there were probably other sources of profit.”

C. D. two names in use among the Greeks : one, camel,

an entirely foreign word ; another, dromas, "the FEMALE BURIALS in St. Peter's, AT ROME (5th runner,” å Greek word, cf. “Et cameli, quos adS. vi. 449.)—MR. THOMPSON is not correct in suppellant dromadas," Livy, xxxvii. 40, where he is posing that only three women are buried in St. speaking of the forces of Antiochus. The Greek Peter's

. The others, besides Queen Christina of shape of the word is plain here and in other writers. Sweden, for whom he inquires, are the famous After a time the word took a thoroughly Latin Countess Matilda, whose remains were translated shape in dromedari us, with a Latin substantival from Mantua by Pope Urban VIII., and (Queen) sufix, like quadrig-arius, a driver, or tolut-arius, a Maria Clementina, wife of James' (III.) Stuart. trotter, which, as used of a horse, is more exactly

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