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analogous, cf. “Vidimus camelos quos ob nimiam Scandinavian family of languages; but the word velocitatem dromedarios vocant," Jerome, end of Autumn has been borrowed from the Latin." fourth cent. Other references might be given, The Scandinavians, however, do not use the and plainly the animal was known to be swift. word “autumo," as they possess, unlike ourselves, Even if such evidence was not absolutely clear, two native words for that season,-höst (connected where is authority for such a form as W. T. M. with the German herbst, autumn, and our word requires, or for a metathesis of o and r in deriva- harvest) and efteraar (the after-year). Connected tives of dormire? The English dromedary is as with the word höst is the verb höste, to reap or old as the Promptorium Parvulorum : Drome- harvest.

NICOLAI C. Schon, Jun. dary, beste, Dromedarius, dromedus.” Where is Chorlton-cum-Hardy. the room for inferences from the sleepy look of the animal !

0. W. TANCOCK. “LA COQUETTE CORRIGÉE” (5th S. vi. 349,

376.)—The author is Jean Sauvé (dit La Noue, or KNOX AND WELSI FAMILIES (56. S. vi. 421.)- De la Noue), not Jean Louvé. See Michaud, Bio(2.) Faudonside, now known as Faldonside, is graphie Universelle; Brunet, Manuel du Libraire; distant from Selkirk about five miles N.E. Permit Nouvelle Biographie Universelle de Didot, &c. me to add, by way of giving a little interest to W. F. P., who, 5th S. vi. 347, speaks so severely of so brief a reply to HEPMENTRUDE, that in the

“the astounding propensity to blundering common neighbourhood of Faldonside is

to French writers in dealing with English proper “Cauldshiel's dark, unfathomed lake,"

names,” will see by this error that Englishmen a mountain tarn about one mile in circumference,

also are apt-I will not say to blunder, for that is which forms the southern boundary to the property

a harsh word, but to make mistakes in quoting of Abbotsford. Reposing upon its northern bank, of the Channel we are perfectly on a par in this

French proper names. The truth is, on both sides Walter Scott, in 1817, wrote the pathetic lines commencing

respect, and curious examples of English (as well

as French) misquotation are not wanting. I will The sun upon the Weirdlaw Hill, In Bttrick's vale, is sinking sweet."

here cite two, which just now occur to me, and This loch is the source of the rivulet that forms odd to read of the famous French poet Monseur

may amuse the readers of “N. & Q.” Is it not the romantic dell called Rhymer's Glen, one of Moleiro," and to be informed that among the works Scott's favourite retreats, between which and fair of George Sand is a novel entitled La Mère du Melrose” stand the country houses of Huntlyburn Diable? The first is from the Roscius Anglicanus and Chiefswood, both well known to readers of of Downes, London, 1708, p. 28, and the second Lockhart's admirable biography of the poet. from an article on George Sand, published last year


in the Graphic, very soon after her death. Moleiro ST. ALKELD (5th S. vi. 449.) – In the east is, of course, Molière, and George Sand's novel is window of the south aisle of the church of Middle-La Mare au Diable, which is somewhat different ham, in Wensleydale, there used to be depicted, from La Mère du Diable. in ancient stained glass, St. Alkelda undergoing

To return to La Noue, MiddLE TEMPLAR will martyrdom by strangulation with a napkin. To find a long and interesting criticism of his comedy her, Middleham Church was dedicated. On my in La Harpe, Cours de Littérature Ancienne et last visit to Middleham, in the summer of 1874, Moderne, Paris, 1826, vol. xiii. pp. 344-53. In this had been removed, in order that the window the same volume, pp. 188-90, La Harpe also might be filled with modern stained glass, and I speaks of a tragedy by the same author, Mahome heard that it was preserved at a house in the Second, which seems to have been better than his town—it is to be hoped with care, as it was an Coquette Corrigée. In Voltaire's Correspondence invaluable relic of the past.

there is one letter, at least, addressed to La Noue. John PICKFORD, M.A.

A. BELJAME. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

Paris. "I fear," wrote the venerable and learned “FACCIOLATI ET ForcellINI LEXICON” (5th S. F. C. H. to “ N. & Q.,” Oct. 23, 1869, “there is vi. 107, 214, 298, 332.)--Not having had any co hope of recovering any particulars of the life opportunity of seeing the editions enumerated by or martyrdom of this saint. * Her festival is on the MR. NORGATE, I, of course, cannot question his 28th of March.” See 4th S. iv. 297, 349, 420; accuracy. Unhappily, the friend on whose inforV, 52; xi. 280.

J. MANUEL. mation I relied, and whose intimacy I had enjoyed

for over sixty years, departed this life last July 13, SCANDINAVIAN MYTHOLOGY (5th S. vi. 503.) — in his seventy-eighth year. I now write merely to DR. BREWER makes the following assertion :- record the name of a rery learned, respected, “The Scandinavians ... had no word for Autumn. and estimable gentleman, who, I have no doubt, Spring, Summer, and Winter are common to the will be better known and appreciated hereafter

“ Joshua

than he was during his life as a scholar and critic. years, the latter seventy-five years ; they were James Henry, A.M., M.D., devoted the last thirty- never separated for one single day, and died three years of his life to the study of Virgil and within six weeks of one another. IDONEA. the preparation of an elaborate commentary on the Æneid. He printed, at Leipzig, the first

“MAN-A-Lost” (5th S. i. 385, 433, 490; ii. section of it, and gave away all the copies to 218.) -A Cornish version of this story will be libraries, learned societies, and private friends. found in Hunt's Popular Romances of the West of He spent many years in visiting all the great England, Second Séries, p. 104, under the title of libraries in Italy, Germany, and France, to collate

“How Mr. Lenine gave up Courting.” MSS. and editions of his favourite poet. He left

WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. the remainder of his work ready for the press, with AUTOGRAPHS OF Sir Joshua REYNOLDS (5th S. instructions and means for its being printed and vi. 88, 219.)— I have a copy of the Pensées Incirculated by his executors. He has been quoted génicuses des Pères de l'Eglise (Paris, 1700), on the with honour by the late Prof. Conington.

title-page of which is the autograph, S. T. P.

Reynolds." Beneath the title is a brief note, “ TO CATCH A CRAB” (5th S. vi. 203, 272, 524.) apparently in the same hand, relating to the - I suppose names and things have altered in the person who compiled the volume, “Recueillies par rowing world of late years, or “ to catch a crab ” | le Père Bonhours.” I have myself no knowledge has two different meanings at London and Cam- of Sir Joshua's MS., but inside the cover of the bridge. Jabez says, at the last reference, “to volume is a bookseller's pencil note, pointing out catch a crab” in rowing is “to catch the water that the autograph is to be found therein. when it ought to be cleared.” I can only say, as

J. WOODWARD. an old London oarsman, that exactly the reverse

Montrose. has always been understood on the Thames, cer- Mrs. Kitty CUTHBERTSON (5th S. vi. 168, 274.) tainly about London.

--Is not the Romance of the Forest the same as “ To catch a crab” is to miss the water in the the Romance of the Pyrenees ? The former stroke, and fall backwards over the thwarts, pro- appeared first in the Lady's Magazine. I always bably with the heels in the air, an exploit that understood that it was written by Mrs. Clara may frequently be seen performed at the com- Reeve.

E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP, mencement of the rowing season. I never could quite see the origin of the slang phrase, though SHERIDAN'S BEGUM SPEECH (5th S. v. 513 ; vi, many surmises might be offered. J. C. F. 115, 197.)-Perhaps NiGRAVIENSIS had in his Upper Grosvenor Street.

mind, when he penned his query, some recollection [Our correspondent J. BERNHARD SMITH corroborates of the following passage in Macaulay's essay on the testimony of J. C. F., and refers to the famous Warren Hastings: incident in Marryat's Frank Mildmay, where Sally “The charge touching the spoliation of the Begums catches a crab and declines to repeat the catching.) was brought forward by Sheridan, in a speech which was

so imperfectly reported that it may be said to be wholly DR. HOMER'S “BIBLIOTHECA AMERICANA UNI-lost, but which was, without doubt, the most elaborately VERSALIS” (5th S. iv. 288; v. 75.)—The reply in brilliant of all the productions of his ingenious mind. “N. & Q.” from MR. WILLARD Fiske, Cornell

Within four and twenty hours Sheridan was offered

a thousand pounds for the copyright of the speech, if he University, Ithaca, U.S., respecting the resting-would himself correct it for the press” (Essays, vol. ii. places of this valuable MS., in two-fold shape, is 233, ed. 1854). another striking proof of the interest kept up in MR. Ward suggests that the report in his posthe literary world by the queries in “N. & Q.," session is made up of notes by Sheridan himself, and of their interesting results. I omitted, how- but it seems more probable, when we consider the ever, to state, and now seek to repair my omission, various statements, that it is only a transcript of that my information was derived, in the first notes made by a hearer, like the MS. in the hands instance, from the Rev. Dr. Bloxam's Register of of Jabez. Macaulay's words certainly imply that the Residents, Fellows, Demies, Chaplains, Clerks, no authorized edition was ever published. Choristers, &c., of St. Mary Magdalen College,

WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. Oxford, a work of great labour and research, which has proceeded as far as the third_volume, 8vo., VOLTAIRE UPON Racing (5th S. vi. 268, 335.)— Oxford, 1853-1863.

J. MACRAY. This seems to me a more convenient heading for

the index than “ La Psychologie de Shakspeare." RECORDS OF Long Service (5th S. v. 266, 335, On returning to town and consulting my copy of 479.)--Two coloured women, named Annette and Racine (Théâtre Complet de J. Racine, précéde Kitty, were both born the slaves of Mrs. Joshua d'une notice par M. Auger, Sécrétaire Perpétuel Clibborn, of Brooklyn, N.Y. (née Fishbourne, of de l'Académie Française

, Paris, Didot Frères, Georgia). The former was in her service fifty-five 1846, grand en-18), I find that, as might be expected, M. GAUSSERON's recollection of Voltaire's happen to children old enough to understand tracts. expressions is much more nearly right than mine, Canon Ryle, in his Commentary, on Matthew although even he, if M. Auger is to be trusted, is xix. 13, 14, observes : “With such a passage as not perfectly accurate. Auger says (lib. cit., this surely we may hope well about the salvation p. 9):

of all who die in infancy, 'Of such is the king“Voltaire le croyait le plus parfait de tous nos poëtes, dom of heaven.'”

P. P. et le seul qui soutienne constamment l'épreure de la lecture. Il en parlait même avec tant d'enthousiasme,

The PIED PIPER OF HAMELIN (5th S. vi. 51, 175, qu'un homme de lettres lui demandant pourquoi il né 338.)— There is a version of this story, too long faisait par sur Racine le même travail qu'il avait fait sur to quote in "N. & Q.,” in P. Gasparis Schotti Corneille : : Il est tout fait,' lui répondit Voltaire ; il Physica Curiosa (Herbipoli, 1697), p. 452. n'y a qu'à écrire au bas de chaque page, BEAU,


Bottesford Manor, Brigg.
UMBRELLAS (5th S. vi. 202, 313, 335, 394.) — 450, 498, 525, 546.) —

AUTHORS AND QUOTATIONS WANTED (5th S. vi. Since writing my last note on this subject I have

“Of thine unspoken word,” &c. come across an early and quaint use of the word in Horace's Epistles (i. 18) occurs the linein Quarles, bk. iv. emblem 14 (published in 1635):

“ Et semel emissum volat irrevocabile verbum." “Look up, my soul, advance the lowly stature

This is more likely to be the original of the above lines. Of thy sad thoughts; advance thy bumble eye : Again, “Litera scripta manet” of Horace contains same See, here's a shadow found : the human nature idea.

Is made th' umbrella to the Deity,
To catch the sunbeams of thy just Creator :
Beneath this covert thou may'st safely lie.”


Pear Tree Vicarage, Southampton.

Woman, and her Work in the World. By C. N. Cress

well, of the Inner Temple. (Hardwicke & Bogue.) “ INFANTS IN HELL BUT A SPAN_LONG” (2nd S. Eight years ago the author of this clever book was asked xi. 289; 5th S. vi. 256, 316, 352.)—This expression, to deliver a lecture to a suburban literary association, the embodiment of the doctrine of the damnation time limited to two hours (which, we must say, was a of unbaptized infants, was in being more than great compliment to the ability of the lecturer as well as half a century before Burns was born. Thomas be such as would not ruffle the nice sense, or, as Mr

to the patience of an audience), and manner required to Story, an eminent minister among Friends and Cresswell better puts it, would enable the lecturer to sometime Master of the Rolls in Pennsylvania, tread lightly, as the toes of his audience would be senin his Life and Journals (ed. 1747, Newcastle- sitive even to the most delicate impressions.”. Thereupon-Tyne, p. 308), mentions having a controversy upon Mr. Cresswell, with the natural audacity of a with a young man from Connecticut, a Presby; the quiet side of our home life,” illustrated it like a terian, at Scituate, Mass., in 1704, who believed gentleman who thoroughly understood what he was they were all damned who were unbaptized, who about. It has been the pastime of a long vacation to resaid, concerning infants, "that many millions of cast this lecture for the benefit of a wider public, whose them not a span long were hanging in bell.” This susceptibilities and sensitiveness are thoroughly respected. is twice repeated on the same page.

An able Among the author's conclusions may be noted that "the

sustaining power which gives vigour and permanence to author of Philadelphia has published an interesting a nation......is derived from moral causes affecting the work on the history of this peculiar belief, which relations of the sexes, and an instinct of natural justice the Presbyterians of America of the present day regulating their mutual intercourse.". In China women deny ever prevailed among them to any extent. enjoy rank, influence, and education through the inborn He shows, however, to the contrary. The pam- Burmah and Siam " the teaching of Buddha and the

piety of the people, who have no dogmatic religion. In phlet, which I believe has since been extended to example of his spotless life has created a national sentia volume, is entitled

ment of mutual respect and dependence between the “Infant Salvation in the Calvinistic System : a

sexes which has elevated woman to a social position

Under the Mosaic law Review of Dr. Hodge's Systematic Theology. By C. P. almost superior to that of man.' Krauth, D.D." Pp. 82, 8vo., Philadelphia, 1874.

and under Mahometanism, Mr. Cresswell finds woman A review of the above states that the author under a yoke of degradation. Jesus placed woman on a

perfect equality with man; but man, slow to accept “ brings forward a vast amount of Calvinistic such a basis of civilization, has disobeyed the regulation, with the Reformed literature as few of the Re-adjustment of the burden of humanity between the sexes, authorities, and displays such an acquaintance and decay will follow disobedience unless man adopts the formed divines can boast of.”

and the establishment in the State of those just relations WILLIAM John Ports.

between the man and the woman which we believe to Camden, New Jersey.

have been ordained from the beginning of the world.”

But this last conclusion, is it not contrary to the evidence MR. BOCCHIER will be glad to know that Canon in Mr. Cresswell's brief, where it is written, “ The spirit Ryle agrees with him as to infants, whatever may and ordinance of the Mosaic law assigned to woman an inferior status. Polygamy, maintained by the spoils of STATE POEMS.— With great interest I have read the war, made the Jewish wife of no higher account than the excellent index to the State Poems published in your last prize of military valour”? Save on this one point, where numbers, and I, for one, should be thankful to E. S. if the pleader contradicts himself, we rule that Mr. Cress- he would carry out bis idea of compiling for the readers well is entitled to a verdict, and much future profitable of "N. & Q.” “a reference to subjects, such as Monmouth, practice.

Jeffries, Abdication, Shaftesbury, William III., &c."; I The Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers, related by Such an index would be invaluable to students, not only

might add Dryden, Whig and Tory, and many others. Themselves. Third Series. Edited by John Morris

, of history, but also of literature. A. BELJAME. Priest of the Society of Jesus. (Burns & Oates.)

Paris. The reverend editor's third series of his book of martyrs is confined to painful incidents which had Yorkshire for

A GOOD illustration of how history is being re-written their stage. Every person of Christian-like feeling will is afforded by M. Lucien Double. Having, in his Life of read the narrative with as much indignation as that of the Emperor Claudius, made a respectable personage of the Protestant martyrs under "bloody Mary:".

One that, it would seem, unjustly abused potentate, M. Double could have wished that the foundation for the belief of has just published a Life of Titus, in which he appears the latter-named sufferers had not been called "a filthy to have rendered his hero as odious as Titus Oates. gospel." All justly tempered readers who peruse the About half-a-dozen correspondents wish us to put narratives on both sides will come to the old conclusion, on record the new idea that the horrible expletive that the bigots in all communities are the obstacles “Bloody ! ” is derived from the old adjuration, “By our against the consummation which the Divine Master Lady!” (!) taught, and which He based upon charity.

On the subject of the “ Appointment of a Public Pro. A Primæval British Metropolis. · With some Notes on

secutor" (5th S. vi. 537) see a pamphlet in support of the the Ancient Topography of the South - Western appointment, published more than twenty years ago by Peninsula of Britain. (Bristol, Kerslake & Co.)

Charles Pickford, Esq., a solicitor in Macclesfield. MR. KERSLAKE has the art, or gift, of making the subject of his pen light, amusing, and instructive for his readers. These, if they be not already antiquaries, stand

Potices to Correspondents. a good chance of becoming so when they find an antiquarian theme, such as that of the identification of case address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but

On all communications should be written the name and Pensauelcoit with Penselwood on the Stour, treated so ably and interestingly as we find it here. Reading about as a guarantee of good faith. the Pen Pits will probably be found more easy and even C. P. E. has collected the titles, &c, of more than 300 more intelligible than a journey to, and a contemplation works, which are all, either wholly or partially, descripof, the cellars of the dwelling-houses of primæval British tive of the city of Bath and its connexions. In aid of a inhabitants.

Bath bibliography, C. P. E. asks for literary contribuThe Public Schools' Atlas of Ancient Geography. Edited, tions to enable him to complete his work, with an Introduction, by the Rev. George Butler, M.A.

L. P. D.-The paragraph in the Times of the 14th ult. (Longmans.)

runs :-“ Æschylus, as has been well said, painted man. The Principal of Liverpool College is to be heartily con

kind as they never could be ; Sophocles, as they ought to gratulated on this his most recent production. Possess. | be; Euripides, as they are. ing the very great and essential merits of its Modern JUNIOR GARRICK.precursor-clearness of type and a total absence of over- “ Honour is but an itch in youthful blood crowding of names—we think we do not go very far

Of doing acts extravagantly good," wrong in predicting for Mr. Butler's labours a much is from Howard's heroic play, The Indian Queen (1665). wider appreciation than he modestly anticipates. Compiled on the plan of the modern atlas referred to, the into English of the poems of C. N. Bellman," the Swedish

MR. FRANK CARR asks whether there is a translation Atlas of Ancient Geography consists of twenty-eight beautifully executed maps. In the plan of Rome the authority Burns,” and if so where it can be obtained! chiefly followed has been Mr. Burn's Rome and the Cam

HERMENTRUDE would be glad to join ARGENT'S propagna, while regard has also been had to the publica posed society. tions of the Antiquarian Society at Rome and to the MIDDLE TEMPLAR.–We have forwarded your name recent researches of Mr. J. H. Parker.

and address to APIS. From Messrs. Parker we have received Cicero's Oration CYRIL.-“I am a man who still clings." for S. Roscius Amerinus (Latin Texts with Notes), by the F. B.—The quarter from whence this story comes is Rev. J. R. King, M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Oriel Col. not always to be relied on. lege, Oxford. Mr. King has mainly followed the text of

A. BELJAME.- Acknowledged with thanks and good Baiter and Kayser (Leipsic, 1861).- Poems selected from

wishes. the Works of Robert Burns is an instalment of Mr.Storr's English School Classics, and edited by A. M. Bell, M.A., C. A. W., on Gouache, is referred to “N. & Q.," No. Balliol College, Oxford. An admirable life of the poet tices to Correspondents, p. 420 of our last volume. is given.-Mr. J. Surtees Phillpotts, M.A., the Head L. X. (Latin Bible) has not sent his name and address. Master of Bedford Grammar School, has edited, under the title of Homer without a Lexicon, for Beginners,

NOTICE. book vi. of the Iliad. Opinions may differ as to the Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The method adopted by the editor, but certainly his object is Editor of Notes and Queries'"- Advertisements and a good one-to impart interest to the learner and relieve Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 20, him of a sense of drudgery.- Messrs. Rivingtons, the Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. publishers of these works, also send us parts xv. and xvi. We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. of Mr. Garland's Genesis with Notes. —Llewelyn is the munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and title of a tragedy by A. E. Carteret (Remington & Co.). to this rule we can make no exception.

P. 446.


language in which the lofty diction of the Chorus of Clouds affected the simple-hicarted Athenian.”Essays,

ed. 1862, vol. ii. p. 433. CONTENTS.- N° 159.

“ The more strictly Mr. Gladstone reasons on his preYOTES:-Lord Macaulay and Mr. Gladstone, 2! - The Jacomises, the more absurd are the conclusions which he

bite Standards-Shakspeariana, 22-Two Curious Lists of Londoners, temp. Queen Elizabeth - Verses written by brings out; and when at last his good sense and good Thomas Moore in his Fourteenth Year, 23-Poetical and nature recoil from the horrible practical inferences to Literary Prevision-"Such as should be saved," 24–Brad- which his theory leads, he is reduced sometimes to take shaw the Regicide-Newton on Daniel - Derange”—The refuge in arguments inconsistent with his fundamental White Tsar-The Unicorn, 25—New Year's Day Supersti- doctrines, and sometimes to escape from the legitima tions-"Fast and Loose "—The Rochdale Library—“Pale consequences of his false principles under cover of Gate,” &c., 26. QUERIES :-" The Lawyer's Fortune,” 1705—"The Crimes of equally false history.”Ibid., p. 434. the Clergy"-A French History of England–The Old Testa

“ It is not unusual for a person who is eager to prove ment–The Elizabethan Admirals - Chartulary of Trentham a particular proposition to assume a major of huge exPriory- Rev. T. Waring, 27—Heraldic Book-Plate -Arms,

tent, which includes that particular proposition, without but no Crest-Parentage of Thomas à Becket-Sea Policy

ever reflecting that it includes a great deal more. The Office, London-Clerical J. P.s-Billericay-Oriental Customs, 28-“Caimé”-“Spurrow”-St. Andrew's Day

fatal facility with which Mr. Gladstone multiplies ex“Love's Pilgrim "

"-Thurston the Actor-Authors and Quo- pressions stately and sonorous, but of indeterminate tations Wanted, &c., 29.

meaning, eminently qualifies him to practise this sleight REPLIES:-Curious Wills : Month's Mind, 29-“Spurring,” on himself and on his readers.... He first resolves on his

30-Addison : Dent-Rev. W. Blaxton, 31—" Humbug,” 32 conclusion. He then makes a major of most compre- "Oy"-"Murrain"-Devonshire Knights in the Tower,

hensive dimensions; and, having satisfied himself that 33–Lady Jane Covert, of Peper Harrow-The Long-tailed Titmouse- The Linley Family, 34 --The Book of Common

it contains his conclusion, never troubles himself about Prayer-Alban Butler-E. Collier-Charles II.'s “ Drops"

what else it may contain, and, as soon as we examine it, “Thropp's Wife"-A Satire, 35–“Froppish"--Automaton we find that it contains an infinite number of conclusions, Chess Player-"A man loaded," &c.— Book-Plates-Books every one of which is a monstrous absurdity."--Ibid., on Coins, 36-Cosies—“ Wicks"—"Implement "- Rags on Trees," Fodderham"-Angus Earls-All-flower Water- “Mr. Gladstone evades this question, and perhaps it Dialect-Bibliography of “Punch and Judy," 37 --Constance, eldest Sister of Lord Manley—“ Embracing the

was his wisest course to do so."- Ibid., p. 451. church"-"To catch a crab"-Anthem in the Mozarabic

“Now here Mr. Gladstone, quoting from memory, has Missal – Verses on Portraiture-Roger Brierley - The Ste- fallen into error. The very remarkable words which he phens and Hartley Nostrums, 38—Wordsworth's Originality cites do not appear to have had any reference to the -"Party"-Authors and Quotations Wanted, &c., 39. wound inflicted by Peter on Malchus. They were ad.

dressed to Pilate, in answer to the question, 'Art thou

the King of the Jews?' We cannot help saying that we Potes.

are surprised that Mr. Gladstone should not have verified LORD MACAULAY AND MR. GLADSTONE.

a quotation on which, according to him, principally

depends the right of a hundred millions of his fellow I have given myself much entertainment during subjects, idolaters, Mussulmans, Catholics, and dissenters, the late wet holidays by reading Macaulay's to their property, their liberty, and their lives.”Ibid., review of Gladstone, On Church and State, in the p. 460. Edinburgh, April, 1839, and Gladstone on Mac- I now pass to Gladstone on Macaulay :aulay, in the Quarterly Review, for July, 1876. “He could detect justly this want of dry light in Mr. Gladstone's work was riddled by Macaulay. others.”—Q. R., p. 18. Whether the review laid the foundation for the “ It has been observed that neither in art nor letters conversion of Mr. Gladstone to the necessity of did Macaulay display that faculty of the higher critithe disestablishment of the Irish Church, it would cism, which depends upon certain refined perceptions

and the power of subtle analysis. ...... not be proper to enter upon in your pages, but “When once his rapid eye was struck with some

he article in the Quarterly shows marked evidence powerful effect, he could not wait to ascertain whether of the pair, long endured, which Macaulay's cen- his idea, formed at a first view, really agreed with the sure caused. I begin with Macaulay on Glad- ultimate presentation of the facts."-O. R., p. 10.

“Such is the overpowering glow of colour, such the stone:

fascination of the grouping in the first sketches which “Mr. Gladstone seems to us to be, in many respects, he draws, that, when hot upon his work, he seems to lose exceedingly well qualified for philosophical investigation. all sense of the restraints of fact and the laws of modeHis mind is of large grasp; nor is he deficient in dia ration. He vents the strangest paradoxes, sets up the lectical skill. But he does not give his intellect fair most violent caricatures, and handles the false weight play. There is no want of light, but a great want of and measure as effectively as if he did it knowingly." what Bacon would have called dry light. Whatever Mr. Q. R., p. 31. Gladstone sees is refracted and distorted by a false “ The corrections made in his works were lamentably medium of passions and prejudices. His style bears a rare; the acknowledgments were rarer and feebler still." remarkable analogy to his mode of thinking, and in- -Q. R., p. 33. deed exercises great influence on his mode of thinking. " It is hardly too much to say that with so preposHis rhetoric, though often good of its kind, darkens and sessed a mind, when once committed, argument is power. perplexes the logic which it should illustrate. Half his less and useless.”-Q. R., p. 35. acuteness, with a barren imagination and a scanty voca- “Macaulay was perhaps not strong in his reflective bulary, would have saved him from almost all his mis- faculties ; certainly he gave them little chance of de. takes. He has one gift most dangerous to a speculator, velopment by exercise.”—Q. R., p. 48. 1 vast command of a kind of language, grave and ma- “We sometimes fancy that ere long there will be jestic, but of vague and uncertain import; of a kind of editions of his works in which his readers may be saved

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