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near Mottram Cross, the other “Failworth pow nostre Reine d'heureuse mémoire, doüée de Vertus (pole, of course), singular objects among tali fac-heroïques, d'une prudence et grandeur de courage partory chimneys.

ENILORAC.

dessus son sexe, et y repose en un tombeau magnifique que luy dressa Le Roy JAQUES ";

and the inscription from the tomb in Westminster Queries.

Abbey follows. Also the last marginal date in the history of Middlesex is 1567.

There are [We must request correspondents desiring information 380 pp. of letter-press, coloured maps of all the names and addresses to their queries, in order that the counties in England and Wales, with the arms of answers may be addressed to them direct.]

each county family illuminated. The first part is

headed, “ La Grande Bretagne.” Any information “TAE LAWYER'S FORTUNE,” 1705. — This will be gratefully received by E. G. M. amusing comedy, which was written by Lord Grimston, at the age of thirteen, whilst at school,

THE OLD TESTAMENT.—Is there any commenand published in 4to. in 1705, was, it is stated, tary on the Old Testament or Psalms written by a

Cbought up by him subsequently. After this iť Jew, and, if so, where procurable ? appears to have been reprinted four times at least :

The ELIZABETHAN ADMIRALS.-Can you inform once in 4to., s. A. ; 1728, Rotterdam, 12mo.; 1736, me where portraits of any of the English admirals London, 8vo.; and 1736, London, 12mo. It is who defeated the Spanish Armada can be seen ? commonly stated that the 12mo. edition of 1736

C. E. P. was published by the Duchess of Marlborough as an election squib against Lord Grimston; and in subject for the following: -" The borders to the cele

[We are indebted to the very highest authority on the the Biog. Dram. she is distinctly charged with ill- brated Armada Tapestries, which decorated the old House naturedly bringing it to light. This would hardly of Lords, and were burned in 1834, contained medallions be correct if there had already been two new with portraits of twenty-seven of the English comeditions of it; but presuming that she did publish manders who defeated the Armada. They were engraved the 12mo. edition of 1736, with the figure of the in a series of plates by John Pine in 1739. The heads

are small and wanting in character ; but, unfortunately, author as a red elephant on the title-page, who no larger transcript is known to exist of them. Copley's was it who brought out the 8vo. edition of the picture of the death of Chatham exhibits some of these same year, with ill-natured notes and a dedication borders hidden in deep shade, and does little more than to Samuel Johnson (the Cheshire dancing master) confirm Pine's engravings. Granger's Biographical under the title of Lord Flame? Had the duchess History, vol. i. p. 290 (ed. 1824), gives a list of the anything to do with this ? Did she cause both other engravings of these distinguished commanders

persons represented. The same work indicates what editions of the comedy to be published in 1736 ? exist. By comparing them with Pine (plate iv.), many

EDWARD Solly. may be identified as taken from the same sources as the

portraits in the tapestry. “THE CRIMES OF THE CLERGY.” 8vo. Pub- A full-length portrait of Charles Howard, Earl of lished in numbers about 1820.-At the end of Nottingham, is now on view among the old masters at each number we read, “Benbow, Printer, 9, Castle Burlington House; superior pictures being at GreenStreet, Leicester Square, London." The copy Castle and Gorhambury. These are by Daniel Mytens, which I possess is without title-page (half title and reprosent him as a very old man. The tempest-tossed only as above noted), and terminates, although Armada in the background is only emblematic, for the the “tale” in hand is not finished, at the 216th Admiral was not more than fifty-two years of age in page. A former owner has written at the foot of 1558. He died in 1624.") this page, “ This was the last of the publication."

CHARTULARY OF TRENTHAM PRIORY.-I should Can I learn-1. Whether any more than 216 pages be glad to know if there is a chartulary of were ever published? 2. Was a title-page ever Trentham Priory, Staffordshire, still extant, and, issued ? and, if so, what is the exact wording of if so, in whose possession it now lies. it? 3. Were there any illustrations ? My copy

J. CHARLES Cox. has a frontispiece subscribed “ Pluralist," which I

Belper. take to be inserted, although it bears the name “Benbow, Publisher.”

APIs. Suaw of MOSSHEAD, CO. AYR.—Where can I

obtain a pedigree of this family? Did any of them A French HistORY OF ENGLAND. - Can you settle in Ulster during the seventeenth century ? give me any information concerning a history of

GENEALOGIST. England, folio edition, printed in French, of which I have a copy, but without a title-page?' I think Rev. THOMAS WARING, M.A., son of John it must have been published in the reign of Waring, of Liverpool, Gentleman, matriculated at James I., from the following paragraph :

Oxford in 1681, and was for some years Vicar of "Et celle que nous ne pouvons nommer sans louanges Garstang, in Lancashire, where he died in 1722. tt sans larmes, l'amour d'Angleterre, Elizabeth nagueres He left a widow (Katherine). A seal, presumed to have been his, bears a bull's head issuant from SEA POLICY OFFICE, LONDON.–What was the a crown. Further particulars about him re- precise purpose of this office ? For instance, had quested.

H. FISHWICK, F.S.A. it any function beyond that of selling stamped Carr Hill, Rochdale.

policies for marine insurance ? or did it inherit any HERALDIC Book-PLATE.—On removing from a

of the functions of registering contracts of marine book, formerly in the collection of the late Lord insurance, like, or similar to, the Policies of InFarnham, his lordship’s book-plate, I found another surance Court, founded in the reign of Elizabeth

or before? And was Mr. Robert Moon the last underneath, with the armorial shield subjoined incumbent of the office, and when did he retire ? I send the description in the hope that some one

CORNELIUS WALFORD. amongst your readers may be able to name the

Belsize Park Gardens. families to whom the coats appertain :-Az., fourteen pears (3, 4, 3, 4) pendent or; impaling, GERMAN-English ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY. quarterly, 1 and 4, Az., a chevron or, between in

- I am unable to meet with a really good Germanchief three mullets arg., and in base a bull's head English dictionary, giving the derivation of words, caboshed of the second ; 2 and 3, Az.., three clubs and should be glad if some German scholar would erect, the first surmounted by the second in saltire, name one.

H. D. and both by the third in pale, or. Crest : Out of a viscount's coronet of sixteen pearls (nine being “THE BORough Boy.”—What is the meaning visible) an eagle, the wings elevated, over the head of this sign? It occurs on an old public-house an antique crown. Supporters : Two eagles with near Merton Hall, Cambridge.

CYRIL. wings elevated addorsed, the dexter regardant, over the head of each an antique crown, as in the crest.

CLERICAL J.P.s.- How can I ascertain how Motto : “Ubique fecundat imber.” SHEM. many clergymen of the Church of England were

acting as magistrates in any given year during the HERALDIC.— The following arms are over a last century-in 1760, for example, or in 1790 ? chimney-piece in a house at Wantage. Nothing

J. C. Rust. is known of them. I should be glad to find out The Vicarage, Sobam, Cambridgeshire. whose they are :-1 and 4, Ermine, on a fess sable, three crosses patée or ; 2 and 3, Sable, a lion ram

BILLERICAY.-A little town near Brentwood, pant or ; impaling Gules, an eagle displayed or,

in Essex, bears this name. Can any reader of on a chief argent three tuns sable. C. J. E. “N. & Q.” give me a clue to the origin of the

name ? Traces of Roman occupation have been ARMS, BUT NO Crest.—Some few years since, found near the town.

J. A. when making search at the Heralds' College for my family crest, which I was unsuccessful in ORIENTAL CUSTOMS.-In Cunningham's Life of obtaining any trace of (I repeatedly found the Wilkie, vol. iii., that eminent painter proposes family arms, but always without a crest or motto), (p. 391) a question which by its frequent repetition I was informed by “Richmond” (the late Mr. seems to have deeply interested him :Matthew Gibbon) that “ many old West-country A curious question has arisen with the learned how families had no crest." Can any reader of the ancient Jews lived, whether like the Persians and “N. & Q.” authenticate this statement, and, if so, ancient times; whether they sat on the floor, or upon

Turks of our times, or like the Egyptians and Greeks in give the reason, and supply examples ?

seats and chairs ? This question involves many others : D. K. T.

whether they slept on mats or bedsteads," &c. The PEACOCK OF CHIVALRY.- Can this have Has any light been thrown on these points ? The been introduced by the Templars, who seem to great painters, as Rafael, Leonardo da Vinci, Paul have been learned in Hindu niythology, and have Veronese, &c., certainly represented Christ and his been adopted from the story of Kartikeya, the apostles seated as in modern fashion, but I think Hindu warrior deity, whose Vahan was a peacock ? it has become the practice of recent artists to

Sp. depict sacred scenes according to the Oriental customs.

W. M. M. PARENTAGE OF THOMAS À BECKET.-Under notes on Christmas as observed in the fifteenth W AND V.-When did the habit of confusing century (5th S. vi. 502), the pious visit of the the w and the v cease to be a mark of the Cockney? London municipality to the grave of the parents In Pickwick and Jorrocks's Jaunts and Jollities, of Thomas à Becket has been recently recorded. both published about 1834 I think, this practice It were a pity, perhaps, to find so "pretty a prevails, but I fancy it had really died out before story as that of Gilbert and Matilda discredited. that date. I have been a Londoner all my life, Still, what authority is there for the tradition that " nearly fifty years, alas !” and I have never heard the mother of this great prelate was a Saracen a man use v for w. Essex boatmen I have heard emir's daughter?

H. W. use w for v—“Wery wexatious it are, sir, to be run to sea.” The old order from the City magis- Pilgrim, signed “ Jno. Hooley,” which struck me trate—“Villiam, my vite vig.” “Vich vite vig, as being of great merit, full of pretty fancies, and your vorship?”'“Vy, the vitevig I vore at of the true ring. Can any of your readers tell me Vindsor last Vitsuntide vos a veek”—is, I fancy, who “ Jno. Hooley” is, or when he lived, or if he of the last century. In Foote's Mayor of Garrett, lives, or if the poem is one of many-in fact, anyJerry Sneak talks of making his Molly “veep, thing about Love's Pilgrim or its author ? and otherwise confuses his v's and w's ; but Bruin

W. H. R. and Major Sturgeon, who are also Cockneys, are quite free from this error. It can have been a bition of the works of the old masters, there is a

THURSTON THE ACTOR. - In the present exhiLondon practice for but a short time, I think.

A. H. CHRISTIE.

portrait by Zoffany of “the actor Thurston in The

Merry Beggars of Sherwood.Can any one tell E BEFORE S.-Natives of India, as a rule, in me anything of this actor, of the play, or of the pronouncing any word commencing with s, pro- author ?

E. D. nounce e before it; for example, e street," "e shop,"

AUTHORS AND QUOTATIONS WANTED.— ," “ The Hon. Mr. e Stanley,” A nation of e shopkeepers," and so on. How can this be

“When death puts out our flame, the snuff will tell

If we were wax or tallow by the smell.” accounted for? I know of a guide in Strasburg

R. W. H. Nash, B.A. who shows to tourists “ e storkee's nest”; and

“If I should die to-night.” foreigners generally—those with whom, at any

A. B. rate, I have entered into conversation in my own tongue-have given me the benefit of e before s.

Replies.
R. H. WALLACE.

CURIOUS WILLS: MONTH'S MIND. !“CAIMÉ.”—The Daily Telegraph, in a telegram

(5th S. vi. 63, 232, 338.) published Jan. 2, 1877, announced the issue in The character of the religious ceremony called a Constantinople of three million pounds Turkish month's mind is well illustrated by the following in caimés." What is the meaning of this last examples :word ?

John Tyrell, of Beeches, in Rawreth, Essex, in “KEENING," TO KEEN.—“The keening begins his will, proved Nov. 23, 1494, says :immediately after a death, and breaks out afresh “I will ther be kept no monthes mynde for me, but I at certain intervals” (Ralston, Songs of Russia, wil that ev'y day within the said month be said by som 316). Keening here = loud wailing. What autho- honest prest within the chirch wher I am buryed a rity is there for the use of the word in this sense ?

dirige & masse of requiem for my soule & xpen soules,

vid. I will that w'in the said monthes mynd be delivryd A. L. MAYHEW, Μ.Α.

to ev'y hous of freres with (sic) w'in the shere of Essex Oxford.

x', to my dirige & mass of requiem for my soule & all “SPURROW."—How does spurrow come to mean "ask” in Westmorland and elsewhere ?

John, Lord Marney, of Layer Marney, Essex, in

his will, dated March 10, 1525, directs :H. B. PURTON.

“ Also I will that myn executors kepe my monethes [See pp. 30, 31.]

mynde in leyer morny, at which tyme I will have said a KNOSTROPE, OR KNOWSTHORP. About two

Trentall of masses & dirige, other there or ells where, miles east of Leeds, in the valley of the Aire, lies saide there : and every

preest & Clarke to have for their

but as many as may be said there, I will shalbe doon & the ancien ad secluded village of Knostrope, or labour as is appointed at my burying. Also that the Knowsthoi, The “old hall” is of great antiquity, said xxiiij pour men be at the monethes mynde & doo said to have been a princely residence during the holde the said torches at dirige & masse, & to have for Heptarchy. Any information respecting the date their labour xijd a pece as is before to them appoynted,

& the Ringers in like manner as at my buriall. Also I of its erection, or the family who resided in it, will will that there be delte at my said monethes mynde x! oblige.

E. J. MORONY. in penny dole, & after my said monethes mynde doon,

I woll the said xxiiij torches be gevyn to pour churches, ST. ANDREW's Day.—At Bozeat, Northants, where moost nede is to have moost & the other to have where the church is dedicated to St. Mary, a bell lesse upon the discrecion of myn executours. Also I is rung at noon on St. Andrew's Day, which the Marny, there to be doon in every thing as is appoynted villagers call “T' Andrew Bell.” They make and at my monethes mynde” (Trans. Essex Arch. Soc., eat a kind of sweet toffee on that day. Whence vol. iv. p. 156). the origin of the custom ? and is it observed else- In the will of Sir John Tyrell, of Little Warley, where?

THOMAS NORTH, Kt., ob. 1541, I find the following passage :“Love's PILGRIM.”—Turning over the

“ Item, I remit the charge of my burying to the disof pages

crecyon of myn Executors wout pomp, wayne glorie, or a Calcutta paper published Christmas Day, 1875, grete coste.

Item, I will that my monthes mynd be kept I came across a little poem with the title of Love's in all the pysh churches followeth, Esthorneden, Chel

xpen soules."

derdich, grete Warley, Orsett, Hornedon, Langdon, people that resorte to my burial vill xiij iiij“, & also Donton, Holton, Chauldwell, ffobing, Gyugrave, & those at my month's day vi" xiij. iiija.” graysthorrok, & the church wardens of ev'y of the sayd Mr. H. W. King (who has done so much to make thie said pysshes to say dirige & masse for my soule & known the Essex wills, treasuries of archæological all xpen soules viij, & in brede, drinke, & chese enough and genealogical information) says, in a note on for the p’ysshen's vjø ; yf any be left of the sayd vi' to be this passage,for the repa'cions of the church.”

It is noteworthy that the observance of the 'month's Edward Brooke, of Bobbingworth, Essex, deter- mind' still lingered. It may be doubtful how it was mined that there should be no mistake respect- observed. Probably by an Eucharistic celebration as ing his month's mind. His will, dated 1545, Celebratio Cænæ Domini in Funebribus ' (si amici et

prescribed in the Latin Prayer Book of Queen Elizabeth, orders

vicini defuncti communicare velint)” (Trans. Essex “ First I will that four torches & four tapers be bought, Arch. Soc., vol. iii. p. 195). & the same & none other to be spent & occupied at my

Respecting Hartley Coleridge's remark on the burial and month's mind. Also, I will four poor householders & four children hold the torches & tapers, every proverbial expression, “to have a month's mind to man taking for their labour 4d and every child 2d. And a thing,” I have found a curious use of the phrase after my month's mind past, I will two of the said torches in that remarkable book The English Rogue, 1674 & two of the tapers to Bobbingworth Church ; & I will (pt. iii. p. 174, reprint):the other two torches, one to Magdalen Church & the other to Shelley Church ; & I will the other two tapers in the Town, who was a Farmers Son, had a moneths mind

“She being kept so strictly had few Suiters, only one be burnt in Bobbingworth Church on the holy days at high mass, & at none other time. Item, I will four

to her, & having read the famous History of Tom priests of my near neighbours, of my wife's election, & Thumb, & from thence proceeding to Fortunatus, & no more, but my Curate, & Sir Thomas, my son. & my Fawnia, was infected with Poetry & Love both at once,

thence to the most admirable History of Dorastus & cousin Maurice Chauncy, if he come ; every of the four & absolutely believing that all be read was really true priests to sing those masses following as they shall be did wish himself to be as fortunate as Fortunatus himappointed, that is to say, a mass of the Five Wounds of our Lord,-& the Name of Jesu, -of the Trinity with self, & since he could not meet with that blind Lady a memory of the Resurrection of our Lord,-& of the Fortune to present him with such a Purse, he did how. Birth of our Lord, with a memory of our Blessed Lady, ever resolve to be as absolute a lover as Dorastus.Virgin Mother to our Lord; with a collect for my soul

John Piggot, F.S.A. & all Christian souls. Every of them having for his

The Elms, near Maldon. labour 84 without meat & drink; & else 64 with meat & drink, at my wife's election. My son, Sir Thomas, to sing a mass of the Ascension of our Lord, with a “ SPURRING” (5th S. vi. 428.)— The common memory of the Holy Ghost, with a collect for my soul | people in many parts of the country call the pub& all Christian souls. My cousin, Maurice Chauncy, to lication of the banns of marriage“ the askings," sing a mass at his election : making him purveyor of from the concluding phrase, “ This is the first, the residue of the masses. quiem for my soul & all Christian souls. Every one of second, or third time of asking.In the northern them having for his labour 12. Also I think it neces- counties the equivalent term is sperring (not spursary to prepare meat & drink, as well for the poor people, ring). This is a good old English word, derived because they have no money, as for honest neighbours. from A.-S. spirian or sperian, to ask, to inquire. And the poor people to have warning that they come not In the Promptorium Parvulorum (fifteenth cenfor them ; nevertheless I will meat & drink be prepared tury) we find it thus explained : “ Speryn or aske for my neighbours that cometh thither. And as for the after a thynge, scissitor, percunctor,' inquiro." In poor householders not to be at dinner at my month's Collier's South Lancashire Glossary, A.D. 1740, he my month's mind on this manner following, that is to says, “ To be sperr'd is to be published in 'the say, every poor householder of the parish is to bave 4",

church.” Mr. CORDEAUX will find many illustrathe man 24 and the wife 24. in recompence of their din tions of the word in Dr. Jamieson's Scottish Dicners; & the rest of the said 20*; if any be, to be given tionary, sub roc.

J. A. Picton. accordingly to my poor neighbours householders nigh Sandyk nowe, Wavertree. unto, at the discretion of my wife. Also at my month's mind, I will have no more priests, but my son Sir It is the A.-S. spyrian ; 0.N. spyria, investigare, Thomas, & my Curate, & I would that they should be quærere ; prim. to track an animal by its spur warned at my burial.”

(Dn. spoor) or trace, as the Germ. spüren. The It is very rarely that such elaborate directions for more common fornu is speer, and thus it appears in the celebration of the month's mind are given. Palsgrave as a Northern word : “ This term (spere)

The will of Bartholomew Averell, of South- is far Northerne, and nat usyd in commyn speche." minster, Essex, dated May 1, 1562, contains this It is not, however, a very uncommon word in passage :

literature that cannot be considered exclusively “I will to be buried in the church of Southminster

Northern : aforesaid, before my pue, betwene it & the chauncel, &

" And ever he sperred privilicke, one marble stone to be laied upon me, with the pictures

How they ffared att Warwicke, & names of my wives & children to be graven upon the

And how they lived there." same. Item, I give & bequeath unto the poore walking

Guy and Colbrande (Percy MS.).

p. 394.

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Lily uses it, too, in his Mother Bombie, “ I'll be so the Addisons of Westmorland were originally from bold as spur her what might a body call her name » Cumberland; but the supposed period of the sepa(Hunter, s. v.).

J. D. ration is very recent, compared with the proofs Belsize Square.

that the Addison family belonged to the parish of Spurrings, as applied to the publication of the Crosby Ravensworth, Westmorland, at a very bands of marriage, literally means

early period. No doubt the two families were A.-S. spyrines, an inquiry, from spirian or spyrian; was originally from Westmorland. The Cumber

askings.” related, but very possibly the Cumberland branch to trace, track, or investigate ; provincial and old land readers of “N. & Q.” may perhaps kindly English to spur=to ask ; Scot. spere, and spririns, tell us at what date the Addisons first made their inquiry. Cognate words are spoor; A.-S. spór ; Dan. spor, a track or footprint ; Ger. spüren ; Dan. appearance in the parish of Torpenhow, Cumberspore; Swed. spörja; Icel. spyrja, to track, to in- land. They were at Crosby Ravensworth in 1564. quire. The form to spur, meaning to ask, is also Were they at Torpenhow earlier than that? At found in old English, vide Percy Folio Ms., vol. i. Menburn Town Head, Crosby Ravensworth, a A. SMYTHE PALMER.

monument was erected some years since at the Lower Norwood, S.E.

cost, if I remember rightly, of Mr. Dent of that

parish. It bears the inscription:This is merely the form in which the first “On this spot dwelt the paternal ancestors of the English spyrignes, a searching out, an inquiry, has celebrated Joseph Addison. His father, Lancelot Adcome down to us. Banns are published with a dison, was born here A.D. 1632." view of searching out or inquiring about any cause It has also the same coat of arms I have seen over or just impediment why the contemplated joining a doorway of Lichfield Cathedral, which together should not be permitted. Speer, or spere, restored by Dean Addison, and on the seal of to ask, inquire, &c., is still used in the north of Miss Addison's letters in the Egerton Collection. England, and Lincolnshire is not the only county The arms given by A. S. A. do not correspond. where the putting up” of the banns is called Dean Addison's widow was buried in the chancel spurring.

Sr. SWITHIN. of Shakerston Church, Leicestershire. A flat

stone, with the following inscription, was placed I have heard the following explanation of the over her grave :term spurrings. Some time ago-in the fifteenth “Here lies interred the body of Mrs. Dorothy Addison, or sixteenth century, I think, but will not be sure widow and relict of Dr. Lancelot Addison, late Dean of -it was customary for a lover, if he had his sweet- Lichfield. She was formerly widow and relict of Philip heart's consent for marriage, and sometimes even

Hacket, Esq., and the youngest daughter of John without it, to go unknown to her and have the Danvers, of Shakerston, Esq. She was buried June 30,

1719, aged 84." banns published to "spur her on", to name the four days after the burial of Joseph Addison, happy day; and vice versa. A. B. BROWNE, Cambridge.

June 26, 1719.

The parish of Crosby Ravensworth has also the The English spurring is equivalent to the name of Washington in its registers. That name Scotch “speering,” both words signifying "asking.” first appears in 1606.

F. B. An intending bridegroom "puts in the spurringe" when he hands the banns to the clergyman and

Rev. W. BLAXTON (5th S. v. 107, 216, 521 ; vi. pay: the fee with a view to their publication ; and 57, 118, 198.)—From further information received when the bands are published he is said to be from a member of the Blakiston family I beg to " asked in church.” În some parts of Scotland make a few corrections and additions to my last the term employed is “cried in church.”

note (5th S. vi. 198). Robert Blakiston, Esq., of ALEXANDER PATERSON. Bishopwearmouth, Durham, died in August, 1822, Barnsley.

and was buried at St. John's, Newcastle-on-Tyne. {Similar answers from W. B. A., T. L. 0. D., H. F., His grandson, Thomas Gray, Esq., of Sunderland, and others. See “ N. & Q.,” 4th S. xii. 44, 295, 398. ]

informs me that he believes his mother (Harriet

Tempest Gray) and aunt (Margaret Tempest Addison : Dent (5th S. vi. 29, 173, 236, 349, Dunn) were the only members of the family who 376.)—Lancelot Addison, the father of Dean married. The late Mr. Thomas Gray was not of Addison, was son of William Addison, of Crab- Sunderland, but of Montrose, N.B., and belonged stack, in the parish of Crosby Ravensworth, co. to a branch of a well-known Forfarshire family of Westmorland. The name appears very frequently that name. Mr. Gray died shortly before 1843, in the parish registers there, and as early as 1570. when his widow removed to Sunderland. She died At Carlisle, where the wills of that part of West- in August, 1858, and was buried at Douglas in the morland are kept, I found that of William Addison, Isle of Man. Mr. Gray's family consisted of :--John of Crosby parish, 1564. In Hutchinson's Hist. of William Gray, mar. Ann Harriett Locke, has no C'umberland, vol. ii. pp. 357-9, it is suggested that issue ; Thomas Gray, mar. Joanna Maria, dau. of

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