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Edward Haygarth Maling, Esq. (by his first wife In the sense of an impostor of the Autolycus class Joanna Mary, dau. of the late Robert Allan, Esq., it figures in Carlyle's tract, Shooting Niagara, and of Newbottle, co. Durham), has issue, Allan Ed on the whole it must be allowed to be indispensable ward Lambton Gray, Joanna Mabel Gray, and to our present needs, and yet one still suspects that Tom Blakiston Maling Gray ; Harriett Gray, mar. the allowance is but for a time. But, meanwhile, Peter Roland Los, a Dutch merchant, issue three whence and how did it come to us? Unfortunately, sons and four daughters ; David Gray, married, in our present state of ignorance our sole resource and died leaving issue four sons and three is conjecture, with his many heads. Hitherto I daughters ; James Cass Gray, mar. Sophia Louisa count six attempts to trace it. (1) Hamburgh Gordon, dau. of the late William Hay Gordon, of news, for false intelligence sent us from Hamburgh Ford Hall

, near Sunderland, issue two sons ; Isa- in time of war. Unaccountably, the late Mr. bella Scott Gray, mar. William Anderson, Major Thomas Watts, whose death we still deplore, en32nd Light Infantry, died leaving issue son and tertained this solution ; otherwise, seeing that it two daughters ; and Eleanor Tempest Gray, mar. rests on no historical evidence, and that the name Francis S. B. François de Chaumont, M.D., Pro- of the city was always pronounced by Englishmen fessor of Hygiène, Army Medical School, Royal Vic- Hamborough, I should not deem it worth mentiontoria Hospital, Netley, and has issue six daughters. ing here. (2) Ambage, for Ambages : simply

Lieut.-Col. G. A. Renny (not Renney), son of ludicrous. (3) Hume o' the Boque, a real Scotch Harriet Tempest Blakiston by her first husband personage, said to have teemed with incredible Alexander Renny, Esq., mar. Flora Hastings, dau. stories. (4) Uimbog, Erse for soft copper, said to of the late Dr. MacWhirter, Bengal Establish- have been the nickname of the copper money which ment, and has issue :-George Blakiston Renny, was issued by the Dublin Mint shortly before the Lieutenant 63rd Regiment; Flora Hastings battle of the Boyne. (5) Monsieur Humbog, a Renny; Alexander MacWhirter Renny, Lieu- puffing dancing master, who in January, 1777, was tenant Royal Artillery ; Juliana Alice Renny ; living at No. 9, Capel Street, Dublin. (6) In Dean Eleanor Renny; and Sydney Renny.

Miller's MS. (cited by Mr. Halliwell in his DicOne of my correspondents is anxious to connect tionary of Archaic and Provincial Words and William Blakiston, of York, attorney, whose Phrases, sub voce Humbug") the word is exdaughter married Mr. Machon (vide Surtees' Dur- plained to mean, “A talebearer, a bugbear.” This ham, vol. i.), with the Blakiston family of Blakiston last may or may not have been intended as the in the parish of Norton, county of Durham. shadow of an etymology ; be that as it may, such

SAMUEL F. LONGSTAFFE. an etymology as hum (nonsense) and bug (elf or Norton, Stockton-on-Tees.

goblin) is a priori much more probable than any

of the other five conjectures. According to this “HUMBUG” (5th S. v. 83, 332, 416 ; vi. 16, 38.) etymology, humbug would mean a pretended spirit -I trust I may be allowed to reopen this contro- or bogie, i.e., something made up to impose on or versy, in the course of which, at the second refe- frighten people. Bug was used for a scare-child, rence, I cited a work of Nash's without quoting as in Richard Hyrde's translation of L. Lavater's the passage I had in mind, and made another as- treatise De Spectris et lumuribus,“ bugges that be sertion without any attempt at verification. I now fitter to scare children than to fright men" (I propose to supply these deficiencies, and to make quote from memory); and it is remarkable that good my position that humbug is merely an inten- humdrum was used by Nash exactly in the sense sitive form of hum, as was humdrum, the word of our humbug :-“Whereof generous Dick (withwhich three hundred years ago did duty for the out hum drum be it spoken) I utterly despaire of same thing. A slang word is originally so offensive, them,” &c. (Have with You to Saffron Walden, coming reeking from the forge of some more or bk. 3). Hum as a prefix seems to have indicated less disreputable clique, that no decent, well- the spuriousness of the thing, so that hum-bug educated person will take it in_mouth, save to means not a real but a spurious or imitated bug brand it as odious and base, as De Quincey does or bogie. Further research will, I doubt not, supthe phrase (which he mischievously imputes to port this conjecture, in which case we may see in America),“ teetatotiously exfuncticated.” Accord - | humbug the last step of a process of subtraction ingly, no one suspects that it will ever be received and addition. (1) Hum, à noise, like that of a in decent society, still less take rank as a verna- hollow top, a bee, a snail on a pane of glass, or cular word. It thus happens that its origin and wind through a cranny ; (2) Humdrum, the noise history are unrecorded, and only when the word is of a drum, and therefore of anything that is hollow, found an indispensable part of our vocabulary do thence the noisy hollow thing itself ; (3) Hum, in we become solicitous as to its source and descent. the third sense of the last ; (4) Humbug, the Such a word is humbug, not long since a pariah, syllable bug, in the sense of false-goblin, being abiding amongst us on sufferance, but now intro- added as an intensitive.

JABEZ. duced into the best company by the best writers. Athenæum Club.

“Oy" (5th S. v. 513 ; vi. 116, 197, 237, 339.)— their stroke. This had nothing to do with fathers This certainly seems a corrupt spelling of the or grandfathers. E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP. Gaelic ua, grandson, ui plural, uibh dative ; but John O'Donovan, in his notes on O'Heerin's “MURRAIN" (5th S. vi. 348, 474, 497.)-In the poem, says that Adamnan, Abbot of Hy, in the Edinburgh Medical Journal for February, 1863, seventh century, "renders the three forms by at p. 706, will be found the following remarks :nepos, nepotes, nepotibus, descendants.” Mr. Joyce, “ The word murrain is of doubtful origin, and still in the first series of his valuable little work on more doubtful significance ; perhaps its earliest appearIrish Names of Places, p. 114, says :

ance is in 1389(anno xi. regni Ricardi Il.) in its

Latinized form, 'Murrena damarum ferarum' (H. de "Ua signifies a grandson, and, by an extension of Knyghton de Évent. Angl. Scr. Hist. Angl., p. 2693) ; meaning, any descendant. It is often written hua by and in the Twysden Glossarium we have this explanation Latin and English writers, and still oftener 0', which is given :-Murrena : lues, tabifica lues, vulgo murraine ; the common prefix in Irish family names. The nomina

a græco papaivw, i.e. tabefacio, ut Casaubonus jam tive plural is ui (er), often written in Latin and English observavit. 'Hæsinger (Recherches de Pathologie Comhui or hy, which is applied to a tribe, and this word still parée) prefers to derive it from the Sanscrit root mr, exists in several territorial designations."

whence the Latin mori and the Celtic muire, &c.; while If Jamieson's account of the word being used in considering the multiplicity of the significations attached the Mearns for nephew be correct, it is interesting to the word, a good deal might be said in favour of its

derivation from the good old word murr, meaning coryza, to note Adamnan's Latin translation of it. There and obviously derived from uvpw, to drop, to distil. is a family in the south-west of Ireland called at

To myself the latter derivation, which is original, or the present day Mac Elligot, and often spoken of that of Twysden, appears to be much the most likely, as if it were of native origin, or, as Irish genea- while Hæsinger's is obviously far-fetched, and apparently logists have it, a Milesian one. From the State based upon the Septuagint version of the word murrain,

in Exodus ix. 3, which is Davitos in the version of papers and maps in the Record Office, as well as from old family papers which I have seen, it is script quoted by him in loco reads Alpos, one of the

Lambertus Bos (Franequaræ, 1709). The Oxford manucertain that this name Mac Elligot is merely a cor- words employed by Thucydides in his History of the ruption of Mac Ui Leod, and that this so-called Athenian Plague (ii. 54); while the original Hebrew native Irish sept descends from a common ancestor (of Michaelis, Halæ, Magdeburgicæ, 1720), 727, does not with the Macleod of Dunvegan Castle, in the Isle countenance any of these suppositions, as the primary of Skye. Olaus, the Norwegian King of Man in notion of this root is agere or ducere ; and from it we the thirteenth century, had a younger son Leod, drive, a pestilence, because it drives men to their graves

bave, through the Gothic dreiban, the English word who married the daughter of a Celtic chief in (vide Parkhurst's Hebrew Lexicon, London, 1799). But, whose house he was fostered, and from this mar- however uncertain the origin of the word murrain, its riage descend the Scotch Macleods and the meaning is still more obscure, as it has been employed Irish Mac Ui or Ua Leod (i.e. the son of the to signify epidemic disease among cattle of every posgrandson, or perhaps of the tribe of Leod), whose of which, and of its spread by contagion to animals of heiress, in the thirteenth century, married the every class, and also to man, Virgil has given such a ancestor of the Marquis of Lansdowne. “In right striking description at the close of his third Georgicof this marriage," says Archdall, in his revised down to the simplest and mildest epidemic catarrh.” edition of 'Lodge's Peerage, the Earls of Kerry The term murrain is now exclusively confined quarter her arms of Azure, a tower argent, on to what is more correctly termed the vesicular their shield” (v. arms of Macleod of Dunvegan, murrain, the aphtha epizootica, which first excited in Burke's Landed Gentry). The old Gaelic ui considerable attention about thirty years ago, when has evidently undergone many changes, 0, hy, it was widely epidemic. ol, oy, ee, and hy. Archdall, however, has The foregoing account of the etymology and fallen into a curious mistake in spelling the name signification of the word murrain is from a paper of Lord Kerry's heiress-bride McCleod, and saying of my own ; and as it is probably as full in both that her father was Sir John McCleod of Galway. respects as any to be found in the English lanHe was really owner of five knights' fees in Kerry, guage, it may interest the readers of “N. & Q." including the lands of Galey, a well-known district

GEORGE W. BALFOUR, M.D. in that county. This Mac Ui Leod seems to have Edinburgh. come to Ireland with Lord Kerry and others who had gone for a time to Scotland to assist Ed. vi. 329, 356.) —Some slight particulars of the Sir

DEVONSHIRE KNIGHTS IN THE TOWER (5th S. ward I. in his Scottish wars.

M. A. H.

William Courtenay inquired after by your correI venture to think that Mr. WARREN is wrong spondent may prove of interest, thus = in his interpretation of “ho ! ieroe !” in the Lady “ Edward (third of that name), Earl of Devon, was of the Lake. In many expeditions on Highland born about 1526 ; on the death of his father (least

ho lochs, I have heard the stroke oarsman call out the Tower. In 1553, on Mary's acceding to the throne,

should raise forces to revenge it) he was committed to yero ! yero !” when those behind him were

he was released and restored to his honours the next slackening their time. They immediately quickened day. On gaining his liberty he petitioned to be allowed

66

to travel, on which the queen advised him to stay at Of the above Sir Walter Covert a note is given in home and marry, as ‘no lady in the land, how high soever, “N. & Q.,” 3rd S. viii. 309. I believe he died in in 1555 he obtained leave, and died unmarried at Padua 1627, but the pedigree throughout is most conat the age of 30. As soon as the news of his death fusing.

SYwL. reached England, Queen Mary passed an attainder on all his titles and estates......Sir William (Banneret), fourth The LONG-TAILED TITHOUSE (5th S. vi. 536.)— of that name, of Powderham, the next heir, married There need be no doubt whatever but that the Elizabeth, daughter of John Powlet, Marquis of Win- flock in question had not long been in the willow chester. He died in 1571, being 97 years of age.

Queen Mary promised to restore to this Sir tree spoken of, nor had nested about the roots William all his family honours; but in the month of of it. The hen bird lays a very large number August, 1557, he died in the prime of life at the siege of of eggs; as many as sixteen have been found St. Quintin, but whether a natural or violent death is in one nest. It has been supposed that sometimes uncertain. Had he lived to return, he would certainly have been restored to his earldom, &c. He left an only more than one pair have made use of the same son named William."

nest; but, be that as it may, the old and young I have extracted the above from a manuscript birds keep together through the winter, as is the history of the Courtenay family, which traces their case with several other species, -as, for instance, ancestry back to early times, even prior to 1183; the bullfinch, the siskin, &c.,—and if two such and it also gives many notes of the Courtenays. together, it would account for a larger number

families as that spoken of above should consort It is in my own possession. Romford, Essex.

than that spoken of by your correspondent MR.

RANDOLPH. The nest is never built on the In 1556 there was a plot to rob the Exchequer ground, but is always suspended from the branch of some Spanish money, for which Throckmorton, of a tree-a fir or other. It is a singularly beautiUdel, Peckham, and others were executed. Accord- ful structure, built of lichens, feathers, &c., of a ing to Hollinshead's Chronicle, Throckmorton was long shape, and covered in all over except a small executed at Tiborne on the 28th of April. Carte, hole near the top, on the side, at which they have History of England, vol. iii. p. 326, states that their “exits and their entrances.” As many as “ for words too freely spoken at the execution of two thousand three hundred and seventy-nine one of these conspirators at Tyborn,” Sir W. feathers are stated to have been counted in one. Courtenay, Sir John Perrot, and Sir John Pollard Let bird-nesters think of such facts as these. were taken into custody, and were kept in prison

F. 0. Morris. till the latter end of December, 1556.

Nunburnholme Rectory, Hayton, York.

EDWARD SOLLY. Lady JANE COVERT, OF PEPER HARROW (4th

THE LINLEY FAMILY (4th S. ï. 323.)–Eight S. xii

. 428 ; 5th S. i. 33.)—At the former reference years ago Me, B. Sr. J. B. Joule asked a quesa query is made as to who the above lady was ; at

tion in your columns which appears never to have the second, a suggestion that she was widow of Sir about one of the Linleys, I naturally turned to

been answered. Hunting myself for information Walter Covert, of Slaugham. Supposing this to be correct, she was the eldest daughter of Sir John able to give, instead of fortunately finding, infor

“ N. & Q.," but find myself in the position of one Shurley, of Isfield Place, co. Sussex, Kt. (who mation. Your correspondent asked about a cerdied at Lewes, April 25, 1631), by his first wife tain 0. T. Linley, who along with William Linley Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Shirley, of Wiston, wrote some anthems. 0. T., or Ozias Thurston, co. Sussex, Kt. See Sussex Arch. Coll., xviii. p. 131. Linley was the brother of William, and both were

Can any of your correspondents tell me where a really authentic pedigree of the Covert family Ozias was in holy orders, and held a good living;

sons of Thomas Linley, Sheridan's father-in-law. may be found? There is great confusion in the hut his love of music induced him to resign this printed ones I have had access to, more particu- preferment, and accept a junior fellowship, with farly in Berry's Sussex Genealogies. Under Slaug. the post of organist at Dulwich College, and here ham in the Sussex Arch. Coll., x. 159, where is | he died in March, 1831. His brother William perhaps the best account to be found, there is a survived him four years. There was an elder great jump as follows :“Wm. Covert, who died in 1494, is the first of this who was drowned just as he attained manhood.

brother, Thomas, a young man of great promise, family connected with Slaugham. His son John died in 1503, having married a Pelham, and was succeeded It is of him, or his father, I was in search. There by his cousin Richard, who died in 1547, after marrying is a certain madrigal or glee, hy a Thomas Linley, four wives of the families of Fagge. Neville, Ashburnham, on a stanza of Cowley's, “Let me careless and and Vaughan. His eldest son John died at the siege of unthoughtful lying." Which Thomas was the

C. T. B. grandson, by name William, when we meet with a Sir composer of it? Walter Covert, of Maidstone, who married Anne, heiress of the Coverts of Slaugham, who was probably the

Edward WALPOLE, THE Poet (5th S. vi. 321.) builder of the noble manor house there."

-In default of any better attempt at explaining the letters “O.D.S.M.P.G.S.M.D.” upon the Wal- which falls a strip of parchment, with “Memor... pole tomb at Pinchbeck, erected by Dr. Smithson, te ... ossa ... mortalem” on it. Upon the book himself a Roman Catholic, may I repeat here a

are St. Edward's crown and a sceptre, behind suggestion made hy me four years ago to a friend which is a book, open, whose pages bear, “ Vanitas by whom I was consulted on this subject? It is, vanitatum et omnia Vanitas," and "Nemo an: e. that the letters are the initials of the following mortem beatus dici potese." Near the book is a words, “O Domine sancte, magnam perfice gloriam casket containing jewels and medals. Behind the super me defunctum." This would be in keeping casket is what seems to be an octagonal staff, round with the two following prayers for the dead, which which is twined a plant, having leaves like the also appear upon the tomb :

shanrock. From the book on the table hangs a "Lux perpetua luceat ei Domine cum sanctis tuis portrait, in grisaille, of Charles I., seen threequia pius es."

quarters face, wearing armour, a plain collar, a"Miserere illius Domine secundum magnam miseri. ribbon and medal. It is inscribed Carolus Rex cordiam tuam ut multitudinem mise rationum tuarum primus,” and below this, in a small character, now tibi peallat in æternum.”

R. R. L.

partially effaced, what I read, “ L. Symonds eff : St. Albans.

pinxit,” or “sculpsit.” A column and three books,

on one of which is “Plutric," on another “Cat.," The Book of Common Prayer (5th S. vi. 513, fill up part of the background. The picture, which 548.) -- Let me refer Anon. to Collier, lib. ix. p. 338, is well painted, is altogether in the Dutch style, and his authorities cited. In 1645 an ordinance but must, I think, have been painted in this. was passed which made the use of the Directory country. Who was L. Symonds, and what was. obligatory under penalties, and (a second time) the octagonal staff ? RALPH N. JAMES. prohibited the use of the Prayer Book, either in

Ashford, Kent. churches or in families. The fine was " 51. for the first offence, 101. for the second, and a year's im

CHARLES II's “DROPS” (5th S. vi. 387.)—Was

not this an intoxicant ?prisonment, without bail or mainprize, for the third."

Tinctura Salutifera-Healthful Tincture.—Take the W. F. Hobson.

roots of Angelica, Calamus Aromaticus, Galangal, GenLet Anox. consult a copy of "A Directory for Cinnamon, and lony Pepper, of each a dram : To these

tian, and Zeodoary, Bay Berries, the lesser Cardamons, the Publique Worship of God throughout the Three ingredients, ready slic'd and bruis'd, add a Quart of Kingdoms, &c., ordered by the Lords and Com- French Brandy; let them digest for three days, and mons assembled in Parliament, &c., London, afterwards strain off the Tincture.” 1611," and he will find the information he asks This recipe is given in Dr. James's English DisH. Fishwick, F.S.A. pensatory, and the author adds, “This seems in

tended for nothing more than a cordial dram, and ALBAN BUTLER (5th S. vi. 409.)-In Baker's is better furniture for a distiller's than an apotheNorthamptonshire (vol

. i. p. 475) 'a pedigree is cary's shop.” Did this resemble the “pick-mefurnished of the family of the author of The Lives ups” and tonics dispensed by chemists in the of the Saints, from which it will be seen that he forenoon at the present day? Let me quote Dr. was of Appletree, Northants (not Northumber- James on this subject of morning drams :land), and that he was the grandson of John (not “ This (Stomachic Elixir--not the Salutifera) may be Charles) Butler of that place. The report referring very proper for the bar of a tavern, where profit only is to the share taken by this John Butler in inviting considered. But, in the salutary art of physic, distemover the Prince of Orange is given as a family pers may be cured without laying in the patient's way tradition; and it is said that the course of public into a habit that will infallibly destroy him if persisted

temptations to do himself a mischief, or leading him affairs so entirely disappointed his expectations, in, that is, of whetting in a morning. Aqueous bitters. that he not only suffered intensely from remorse, answer much better purposes than those which are but also neglected his estate-in fact, grew utterly spirituous.” reckless. The connexion of the Butlers of Apple

Kingston. tree with those of Aston-le-Wells may be seen, in “ THROPP'S WIFE” (5th S. vi. 449.) - See an abridged form, at p. 253 of the third volume of Southey's Doctor, &c., p. 310, Longmans & Co., Burke's History of the Commoners.

1 vol. edit., 1849, on, I believe, this saying, and

WM. UNDERIIILL. “ Tom Song"; "Jack Robinson”; “Ross of Pot66, Lausanne Road, Peckham.

tern"; “ Jack Raker”; “ William Dickens”; EDWARD COLLIER, PAINTER (5th S. vi. 428.) — .

“Old King Cole”; “ Dick” of the hatband ; D. Norwood, a neighbour of mine, pur- / " Betty Martin"; and other similar savings. chased at Charing, about ten years ago, a picture,

RICHARD HEMMING.

Tiverton Grove, Hyde Road, Manchester. cleven inches by fourteen, similar to those dexcribed by MR. HOOPER.' It represents a table, A SATIRE (5th S. vi. 462.)—The piece inquired covered by a cloth, whereon rests a book from after by H. J. F. is one of the many political squibs.

for.

contributed by Theodore Hook to the John Bull I have a clipping from an old newspaper con. newspaper about half a century ago. , For other taining a paragraph and woodcut anent the old specimens and a general key to the characters and signboard in Oxford Street, London. If K. S. B. public events of the time, see Rev. R. H. Barham's gives me his name and address, I will send the (Ingoldsby) Memoir and Remains of Theodore clipping for his perusal. Hook, and a volume of the Choice Humorous

T. STUART ANDERSON. Works of Theodore Hook, edited by me, and pub- Lindores Abbey, Newburgh, Fife. lished originally by the late Mr. John Camden

See John Camden Hotten's History of SignHotten, and now by Messrs. Chatto & Windus.

R. H. S.

boards, p. 456, edit. 1866, and the coloured en

graving prefixed to that work. “FROPPISH” (5th S. vi. 448.)Froppish or frap

WILLIAM Wing. pish is derived from the Norse hrappa, “ to scold,”

The sign of “ The Man loaded with Mischief” and is equivalent to "peevish.” There is still a (a woman and a monkey), and attributed to Hoprovincial word to frape, meaning “ to scold,” from garth, has recently been replaced outside a publicwhich Diez derives the French verb frapper, “ to house in Oxford Street, a short distance westward strike.” The change of meaning from“ scolding” of Tottenham Court Road, and on the opposite to “striking,” i.e., from a moral to a physical side of the way. It has evidently been cleaned, notion, does not appear probable ; it is rather the and it may have been “ touched up,” for I rememreverse which we might expect. The word is evi-ber it in the same position many years ago. dently an onomatopoeia corresponding to the

LAYCAUMA. English flap, which means both * to strike” and “to taunt.

G. A. SCHRUMPF. Book-PLATES (5th S. vi. 465.)Les Ex-Libris Tettenhall College.

Français, depuis leur Origine jusqu'à nos Jours,

Paris, 1874, by A. Poulet-Malassis. This work Bailey's Ety. Dict. (ed. 1759) has," Froppish, has already passed through two editions, and confretful, froward, peevish. See Frappish.Thus tains a short account of French book-plates from rendered, “ Frappish (of frapper, F.), peevish, the sixteenth century, with fac-similes of several cross."

F. D. of those described. There is no English work on Nottingham.

this subject. Mr. SOLLY will find an interesting AUTOMATON Chess PLAYER (5th S. vi. 445.) — Journal of September, 1876.

illustrated article on book-plates in the Art

HIRONDELLE. Perhaps the best and most available description of the pretended automatic apparatus is that by Sir I have several times been asked, as a collector, David Brewster, which, with eleven clever wood- if there was any work on book-plates in English. cut illustrations, will be found at pp. 269-282 of I don't know of one. Two interesting works have his Letters on Natural Magic, fifth edit., 12mo., come out in France-the Armorial du Bibliophile, 1842. HENRY CAMPKIN, F.S.A. par M. Guigard, and Les E.c-Libris Français, par

M. Poulet-Malassis—both with illustrations, and A MAN LOADED witu Mischief” (5th S. vi. both worthy of a place in any library. There is 449.)-In Larwood's History of Signboards, p. 456, also a pamphlet, Des Marques et Devises, par M. K. S. B. will find a good deal of information. It de Reiffenberg, besides some articles in different is not a woman that is entering Gripe's shop, but periodicals. Should any work such as is suggested à carpenter to pledge his tools. I think it is in 5th S. vi. 465, by Mr. SOLLY, make its appearexceedingly probable that the picture was designed ance, it would be sure to meet with a good receporiginally by Hogarth, and it was long fastened in tion both in England and France. With regard front of the house outside ; it is now inside the to the Garrick plate, I have always understood window. It has been injured by exposure, and the design to be by Gravelot.

H. P. recently retouched, and so far spoilt, but the com

Thirsk. position is wonderfully clever. It used to be specified as a fixture in the lease of the premises, Annals of the Coinage, 5 vols. 8vo. and I vol.

Books on Coins (5th S. vi. 500.)-Ruding's but it certainly is no fixture now, whatever the 4to. of plates, published in 1819, by Lackington, inventory may set it down ns. The engraving is Hughes, Harding, Mavor & Jones, Finsbury sub-inscribed, “ Drawn by Experience and engraved by Sorrow,” with the rhyme

Square, now only to be had second hand, is gene

rally considered, I believe, the best standard work A monkey, a magpie, and a wife,

on the British coinage.

JULIA Boyd. Is the true emblem of strife." Surely all this is like Hogarth, though it does not

Was Humphreys the editor of the following appear, I believe, among his collected works. work, The Coins of England, London, 1846, Wil

C. A. WARD.

liam Smith, Fleet Street ? The preface is signed Mayfair.

H. N. H.

T. F.

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