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thought, however, that Mr. Blank, the was right. The gentleman of the house, town clerk, who, she believed, kept a greatly amused at the tale of their record of all the deaths, must know, and experience, led them to an obscure his butcher's shop was just across the corner of a typical country graveyard, street. Business was rushing when the directly on the highroad in sight of Spectator, still somewhat confident, the trolley cars and not three minutes' stepped into the shop, and he had to walk from the hotel, and pointed out wait quite a time to interview the pro- the stone. It had been placed there prietor—once more without result. But in memory of Levi Lincoln Thaxter, the town clerk took a genuine interest in husband of Celia Thaxter, the poet, the Spectator's quest. “You see, liter- whose cottage at Appledore, one of the ary things are not exactly in my line," Isles of Shoals, is still shown to visitors. he said. Now, if only old man Howells The stone, perhaps three feet high, was was here”—this with the familiarity of a common boulder, such as one finds affection and not of disrespect, Mr. along shore, untouched in any way, as William D. Howells having his summer Mr. Thaxter had wished. The cutting house in Kittery, as doubtless will be of the inscription was slight and superrecalled "he could tell you right off. ficial, and the obliterating work of time, Then there's. Mr. A. would know, but though only for nineteen years, nad he's off on his yacht; or Mr. B., but he's already made the lettering indistinct, at camp-meeting. There ain't another especially as the boulder stood in the blessed citizen I can think of who would shadow of some big trees. Here and know,” he added, disconsolately. So the there a word which could not be read Spectator thanked him, and joined Mrs. was traced out, letter by letter, by Mrs. Spectator outside.

Spectator with her fingers. The result, lacking the assistance of almost all dis

cernible punctuation, would be an excelIt was late for a graveyard search, lent puzzle for a Browning Club, as and so they strolled up the street. An follows: attractive little public library caught “ Thou whom these eyes sąw never say “The very place to ask,

friends true said Mrs. Spectator, anticipating her Though all unwittingly has helped thee too

Who say my soul helped onward by my song husband's thought.

“Of course they

I gave but of the little that I knew : must know there.” “Of course,' How were the gift requited while along sented the Spectator. So they entered, Life's path I pace could'st thou make


Weakness strong, and he put the now familiar question to

Help me with knowledge—for life's old the young woman in charge. But she

Death's new knew no more than the others, and ap

R. B. to L. L. T. April, 1885." parently cared less.

This is the proper form of the epitaph as the Spectator found it in his Browning

on returning home : A woman's intuition, at least it was

Thou, whom these eyes saw never! Say nothing else, made Mrs. Spectator cer

friends true tain that the Browning epitaph was in Who say my soul, helped onward by my the graveyard at Kittery Point. So, on song, another afternoon, she and the Spectator, Though all unwittingly, has helped thee too?

I gave but of the little that I knew : taking the little boat that runs up and

How were the gift requited while along down the bay, dropped off at the Point Life's path I pace, couldst thou make weakand repeated their question to the clerk ness strong! at the desk of the resort hotel. Of Help me with knowledge—for life's old

death's new !” course, as now expected, he had no personal information to give, but at once directed them to a summer resident's The short story of the epitaph is told cottage, just next door to that of Mr. in a note. Mr. Thaxter had been, from Howells, where he was sure they could young manhood to death, a devoted learn what they were after. And he student of Browning, one who by intui

their eye.


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tion seemed never to miss the master's For every distinguishing feature is there meaning. His Browning readings, given -brick oven, crane, warming-pan, footin Boston, were marked by unusual stove (to be carried to church), rag subtlety of interpretation. Naturally carpet, pan of apples on the table, and the poet was greatly interested to hear the closet bedroom, off and two steps of this through letters from Mrs. Thaxter. up, where the father and mother slept. He therefore willingly consented to write the last word for the one whom he had never seen, on the request of Mr. The Amesbury house is made doubly Thaxter's son. As the Spectator thought attractive by the kindly interest of the the incident over, it seemed in a way cicerone, Mr. Samuel T. Pickard, whose appropriate that a tribute thus simple own house it now is, his wife having and sincere should be paid so unob- inherited it from her uncle, the poet. trusively as to miss even the casual Of many things to be said about it, the notice of many people living close at Spectator selects three because they hand. For surely no quieter nook ever might escape the ordinary casual visitor, hid from passing eyes a finer apprecia- especially if he were one of a large tion of master for disciple.

party. One incident illustrates how even a poet of patriotism and religion may

have his unanticipated peculiarities. In his trolley and steamer trips from

An album of old-fashioned photographs, Portsmouth in various directions the Spectator was impressed, as he has been tampered with, the poet having, with pen

relatives and friends, had actually been in other summer sojournings, with the

and ink, extended the hair over the foreinteresting associations one unexpectedly head, Quaker fashion. One very baldencounters. Not to speak of the Celia

headed subject had, however, escaped. Thaxter cottage, and that murder story

His forehead was“ 2 mutch,” as Artemus whose ghastly details the waves almost

Ward said. Another incident concerned washed up under her windows—to feel

the album containing the resolutions of its possibility of horror it should be read on the rock of that lonely isle where Whittier's eightieth birthday, signed by

congratulation passed by Congress on the deed was done—the Spectator was struck, as he sailed out, by the choice of ing, of course, the Southerners. In that

every member of both Houses, includthe name

“ Pocahontas " for a conspicu- album Mr. Pickard had placed loosely a ous summer hotel. Why Pocahontas, at

letter of protest from Whittier to Senator that remove from Virginia ? But when

Hoar, because the poet, in his modesty, a monument almost shadowing the scene

thought the resolutions too laudatory. of the murder told him how John Smith

After the departure of a large party to once landed on the Isles of Shoals while

whom he had shown the album, Mr. exploring the New England coast, and

Pickard found that some vandal had when later he looked into history and purloined the letter—the party consist

— read that perhaps John Smith originated

ing of students at a summer school under the name “ New England,” he saw a certain appropriateness in associating Whittier warmly admired James G.

the auspices of a leading college ! Pocahontas with the Portsmouth region.

Blaine, and Mr. Blaine was devoted to

Whittier's poetry. On one occasion of Of course the Spectator made a pleas- a visit to Amesbury, Mr. Blaine sugant trolley pilgrimage—the act of piety gested that the line describing a country is the same if the vehicle is somewhat maiden in “ Among the Hills," reading incongruous—to the old Whittier house “Not beautiful in curve and line," at Amesbury and the Whittier birthplace would be better if it read outside of Haverhill. To one wiio cares to see the kitchen-living-room of an old

“Not fair alone in curve and line,” New England farm-house exactly repro- and the suggestion was adopted by duced, this latter is most interesting. Whittier.

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Some Lessons of the Late Election

By Charles J. Bonaparte O man is free who is not master we are not what we claim to be, the “N of himself ;” no voter is free impairment of our liberty works, not for who is not,

in truth and not in good, but for grave and shameful evil, mere semblance, master of his vote; no to tarnish our fair fame as a nation, people, whatever the name or form of to debase our politics, to degrade our its government, is free unless its rulers public men and corrupt individual, no are those, and those only, it would have less than popular, morals, as well as to as rulers. If its action be hampered, its waste our material resources, lessen wishes be overridden, in their choice, general wealth and comfort, and clog

, whether this constraint be the work of a civilization. Where Americans most foreign conqueror, a legal autocrat or thoroughly and most truly govern themoligarchy, or an extra-legal ruler or ruling selves, they are best governed; where body, a “boss or a “ring,” a “leader,” they are, or may now seem to be, too a“ machine,” or an“ organization,” then, lazy or too luxurious or too much enin all these cases alike, the result is the grossed by merely personal interests to same, the people is not free; a commu- give time and thought to their own govnity thus governed has not self-govern- ernment, those who govern them, govern ment.

them ill, and the worse, the more comOf course it may have good govern- pletely the people abdicate its duties and ment, much better than it could give its sovereignty. Among us the develitself. Freedom to a baby means death ; opment of self-government means the to a youth it means often the wreck of growth of righteousness: what hope for all present or future usefulness and hap- such growth may be gleaned from the piness; even a young man, left too soon results of our recent elections ? “ Lord of himself, that heritage of woe !"

1.- The Result in Missouri. Pomay have every reason to echo the bitter words of the poet. So a people, as sug

litical Weakness of Iniquity gested by Mr. Mill, may be in a state of In 1900, McKinley polled 314,092 "nonage "socially and politically, which votes in Missouri; Bryan, 351,922. Flory, for a time at least would make self-gov- the Republican candidate for Governor, ernment in its case no less “ a heritage obtained 3,813 more votes than the of woe” than for the untrained, unformed former; Dockery, his Democratic oppoindividual. Such a people may well nent, 1,877 less than the latter. When thank Heaven if it find, as Mr. Mill the last Presidential nominations were says, “an Akbar or a Charlemagne,” made, the State was considered by most that is to say, a just, wise, brave, unself- politicians of both parties safely Demoish “boss” (whether he call himself cratic; but the candidacy of Joseph W. King, Emperor, Dictator, or something Folk obliged the Republicans to deal else matters little), or an enlightened with a very interesting problem of politiand public-spirited “ring” or “machine" cal strategy. (whose members may or may not be Mr. Folk was a public prosecutor who enrolled in a Golden Book), to guide its had gained much credit by vigorously infant steps in national life: but the prosecuting certain notorious criminals of American Nation is not such a people, great political influence in his own party and our political leaders and organiza- organization. He had done, it is true, no tions fulfill no such self-sacrificing func- more than his plain duty, the duty he tion.

was chosen, sworn, and paid to do; but We claim to be free, and, in so far as he had done it in earnest and not merely


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made a show of doing it, had really tried fied in their action by the local circumto bring “boodlers and “grafters ” to stances. Walbridge for Governor polled actual punishment; and such conduct 296,552 votes, 24,917 less than Roosewould seem to have been sufficiently velt, and 21,352 less than Flory in 1900; noteworthy in an officer intrusted with while Folk received 326,652 votes, or some share in the administration of 30,320 more than Parker, and was elected justice in Missouri to gain him at once by 30,100 plurality. The open enmity the admiration and confidence of the of the “ boodlers ”far outweighed, therepublic and the bitter hatred of men who fore, as a source of political strength, prey upon the public. The latter had any aid they could render: so far from tried hard and had failed to prevent his saving the Governorship from a politinomination; they were no less ready to cal wreck through a tacit alliance with do all in their power to elect his com- Folk's enemies, the eminently “practipetitor, should he have one, for there is cal” politicians who guided the course no politics in systematic and profes- of the Missouri Republicans exposed sional iniquity; and it was “up to” the their party to a mortifying discomfiture Republican politicians to say whether in the contest for this one office at the he should have a competitor.

moment of an otherwise complete and I have called this a question of “po- brilliant victory. litical strategy," for it undoubtedly For one in public life here, the notoriseemed such, and such only, to those ous hatred of men notoriously despicable who decided it; that it appeared to their and wicked is a most valuable political minds in any wise a question of morals asset ; avowed or even suspected supI think altogether unlikely. Would it port from such men constitutes a handipay their party better to bid for the aid cap always perilous and usually fatal to of the Boodle Ring” by nominating a political success. candidate against Folk, or to assure his election by making no nomination for

II. - The Result in Wisconsin. Governor, and hope for reward in the increased vote which popular approval

Political Weakness of Wealth and gratitude might bring to the National Wisconsin was formerly a doubtful ticket in Missouri and elsewhere? State, but the issue of honest money

Such was the problem; and they seems to have made it safely Republichose the former course. What they As it became such, however, it have said were their reasons need not became likewise the scene of a prolonged detain us; what these were in fact can and bitter contest within the Republican be a matter of conjecture only, but party, a contest which gradually assumed of conjecture founded on a wide expe- the shape, so familiar in the history of rience. They probably believed the ancient Greece or mediæval Italy, of a State's electoral vote lost anyhow, but struggle between an established oligarchy thought the partisan excitement of a and "demagogue," suspected and Presidential campaign would keep its accused by his adversaries of seeking to supporters line for the whole ticket, become a “tyrant.” I place in quotaand the money and intrigues of Folk's tion-marks these two question-begging Democratic enemies, concentrated in terms, to show that I use them in their hostility to him alone, might draw enough original and not in their modern or Democratic votes to his competitor to ethical sense. Governor La Follette has give them a Republican Governor as a led a popular revolt in his party against consolation prize. Let us note the out- its “machine," and his enemies say he


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aims to become an omnipotent “boss,” Roosevelt obtained 321,449 votes, or controlling a perfected“ machine” of his 7,357 more than McKinley, while Parker own; had he lived in the days and land polled only 296,312, or 55,610 less than of Pisistratus and Solon, he would have Bryan-results in themselves striking called himself a “demagogue,” and been and significant, but due to general causes, charged with meditating “ tyranny." evidently weakened rather than forti- The merits of this controversy need



not detain us, but it has two features more votes are lost through its purchase, worthy of a moment's attention. The and the more, the more undisguised the

, influences controlling the Republican barter; that greater cause for concern organization and against which La Fol- exists lest mere enmity to productive lette has contended were, or are gener- and beneficent wealth, or the affectation ally believed to have been, wielded by of such enmity, may prove a profitable certain very wealthy men and corpora- stock in trade to dangerous and noxious tions, so that his fight has been, at least counterfeits of statesmen. The two vicin popular belief, that of a man against tories of McKinley have, indeed, gone money-bags. Moreover, the money-bags, far to remove any reasonable apprehenor those who held and on occasion sion of the latter peril; as to the former, opened them, took the view, to which it can hardly seem serious to one who capital has been always and everywhere knows and reflects upon the recent result prone, in politics, that “all is for the in Wisconsin. best in this best of all possible worlds," or, at all events, if there be anything III.-Results in Minnesota and amiss, whoever may try to set this aright Massachusetts, in Illinois and will do more harm than good; they are New York. Decay of Party « “stand-patters," and have left to their

Discipline enemy the rôle of a professed reformer of abuses.

A patriot, typical of a class still too These two characteristics, or perhaps common among us, said once that his · I should say these two aspects of the ballot would be cast for the devil were same characteristic, of the contest in his Satanic Majesty the regular nominee Wisconsin, make its result interesting. of his party. As I have said, such voters In 1904 Roosevelt obtained there 14,110 are yet too numerous for the public good, more votes than McKinley had in 1900, but their number is plainly dwindling; Parker polled 35,127 less than Bryan political managers are learning by an received four years before: the State experience sad for them that the odor of voted on National issues much as was brimstone costs votes to a candidate, to have been expected in view of its however "regular.” Partly through the

“ votes in the past and of the simultane- educational effects of the Australian ous votes of other States. The real ballot, partly through the softening of interest of the election, however, lay in political prejudice resulting from frethe strenuous effort made to defeat La quent participation in non-partisan moveFollette through a separate Republican ments such as those for Civil Service nomination, and, to judge of the results Reform and good city government, partly of this effort, it will be more instructive from the mere growth of the community to compare the Republican and Demo- in enlightenment and common sense, cratic votes for Governor with those of more and more of our citizens each year two years previously. In 1902 Mr. La think for themselves and vote as they Follette had polled 193,417 votes as a think, and less and less ask their recandidate for his present office, his spective party organizations to think Democratic competitor, Mr. Rose, poll- for them and to tell them how to vote. ing 145,818; in 1904 the possibility of Some striking illustrations of this truth victory increased the Democratic vote are furnished by the late elections. to 175,301, but La Follette's also rose to In Massachusetts and in Minnesota 227,253, so that, with all the « bar'ls" the Republican candidates for Governor tapped to defeat him, his plurality over somehow unpopular; for some Mr. Peck was actually 4,353 more than reasons, good or bad, or partly good it had been over Mr. Rose.


and partly bad, the people didn't like Many persons have feared, many still either of them. Perhaps, in each case, fear, lest the American people be one the candidate ought to have been liked day enslaved by its own money; I do better than he was ; but, however this not share these fears. I believe that, in may have been, he wasn't; and there is general, for each vote bought two or little doubt, indeed no doubt at all, that


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