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-a Tuesday—the Knee-Pants Union talk about the open shop and the closed had especially asked him to take the shop and President Roosevelt and the hero's part, and had chosen this play. Broadway manufacturers. The Spectator “When he goes mad, then you will see knew that because these English words it is fine--fine! No one can act it but were used over and over again, Yiddish Adler, this play."

evidently having no equivalents for them. Also, the audience were being urged to

join the Knee-Pants Union, and to stick It was, indeed, well acted. The story

by it, and by the closed shop; and when was simple and tragic. Solomon Kaus, the harangue was over, the orchestra the inventor, starving, perfecting his played the Marseillaise as a curtain

, invention of the steam-engine, or some- raiser for the next act, while all the thing like it, has his plans stolen by the audience got back into their own seats English, is contemptuously sent to a mad- again. But the great sensation of the house by Cardinal Richelieu as insane, evening was after the last act, when and, when his child dies and his machine

Adler, at the fifth curtain call, led out a is gone, goes mad in earnest and dies

slender, eager-faced Jew over whom the raving. The audience followed the play audience fairly went wild. “That is breathlessly. One small girl of perhaps Joseph Barondess," said the Spectator's twelve, in a red satin waist, hung over friend, “ who was so active in the last the gallery railing with both arms, rapt garment workers' strike. We are in the scenes, her long necklace of bright tainly in luck," and the Spectator felt so, blue beads pendent in the air, like the

too, when Barondess began to speak. Blessed Damosel; and when the tragic He had the musical, powerful voice of climaxes came, like the Blessed Damosel the born orator, and the Spectator managain,

aged to understand a great deal of what " She cast her arms along

he said. It was an appeal to the unions The golden barriers,

to stand together and fight their way And laid her face between her hands, And wept (I heard her tears).”

forward, and to the Russian Jews to

cultivate a just pride in their race and For that matter, the Spectator heard

country. Why should the Irish Roman everybody's tears. At times, as when

Catholic rejoice in his race and religion, the child died, the whole house was dissolved. The feelings of the audience hindhand in standing up for his country

he asked, and the Russian Jew be bewere genuine and deep. When, in

and his aith,“ lifting his head in this response to the curtain call, the villain,

country of the free? Japan was paying the soubrette, and the hero came out

Russia now for all her sins 'an eye for after the first act, the villain was hissed

an eye, a tooth for a tooth.'” But vehemently off the stage. Even the

Russia was still “unser land,” still to be children stopped sucking the sticks of loved, still to be helped. “Do you see candy and joined in. Jacob Adler was

that man in the first row, second seat ?” called half a dozen times before the cur

whispered the Spectator's companion. tain after the last act, and was applauded

“He needs none of Barondess's urging. wildly each time. “Adler, he is a good

He is my tailor—not very much of a man,”explained the neighbor;" he always tailor, perhaps, but with a good trade.

, helps when there is need.

He has a heart for the poor.”

Well, he sent fifty thousand rifles to
Russia yesterday, to help the revolu-

tionists." Between the acts everybody went visiting all over the theater. Few seemed The Spectator came out into the cold to go out, but there was continual move- night air and took the up-town car. The ment up and down the aisles, and loud brownstone district looked very dull greetings were interchanged. After the and lifeless after Grand Street. What second act, an official of the Knee-Pants Broadway theater could have shown Union made a speech from the stage. drama and audience to match the Yiddish It was very long and fluent, and full of play? The Spectator knows of none,

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ERMISSION to go to the head- would not only act as interpreter for us

quarters of the Third Imperial in our intercourse with the Japanese

Army before Port Arthur was authorities en route, but would furnish given to me by the Japanese War De- us with all necessary information when partment about the middle of Septem- we should get into the field. On the ber, and I began at once to make prep 8th of October I was officially notified to arations for departure. As I expected hold myself in readiness to embark, and to have to camp out for weeks in some at 6 P.M. on the following Thursday barren Manchurian valley, and as it was Lieutenant Oata, Toku, and I left the by no means certain that I could obtain capital by the Tokaido night express for equipment or supplies at Dalny, I ordered the city of Osaka, where we expected to an “A” tent, large enough to accommo- meet Mr. Curtis and take a steamer for date my Japanese servant, Toku, and Dalny. myself; had a stretcher made of strong The Japanese armies in Manchuria cotton drilling, which could be turned get most of their supplies from two into a camp bed by means of side poles great military bases—Osaka and Ujina, and crotched supports ; bought cook- both of which are situated on the Inland ing utensils, dishes, warm underwear, Sea. Between these ports of Japan and waterproof clothing, canvas leggings, various harbors in Manchuria eighty or rubber boots, blankets, pillows, hot- a hundred steam transports ply conwater bag, thermometer, candles, medi- stantly to and fro, carrying outward cines, photographic films, and a month's fresh troops, horses, and munitions of

, supply of provisions, and fitted myself war, and bringing back thousands of out, as well as I could, for a fall cam- sick and wounded from Port Arthur and paign in a country where none of the Liaoyang, for distribution among the comforts and few of the necessities of military hospitals of Japan. life were to be had.

On the morning of Saturday, October I expected at that time to make the 15, Lieutenant Oata, Mr. Curtis, and I, journey to Port Arthur alone; but when, with two Japanese servants and a carta few days later, I called upon General load of baggage, rode down one of the Murata, of the Japanese General Staff,. boat-crowded arms of the Odagawaand told him that I was ready to start, the steel-gray river in whose delta the I was informed that permission to join city of Osaka lies—and alighted from the Third Army had also been given to our jinrikshas near the entrance to a Mr. Alfred W. Curtis, editor and propri- long and spacious stone pier, where two etor of the “ Kobe Herald;" that we large four-masted steamers were taking were to go to the front together; and on board horses and troops destined for that in order to facilitate, as far as possi- Port Arthur and Liaoyang. Although ble, the work that we wished to do, the the approaches to the pier were thronged War Department had decided to send with officers, soldiers, 'rikshamen, barewith us Lieutenant Oata, a young Eng- headed coolies in blue tunics, and nonlish-speaking cavalry officer of the re- descript civilians of all ages and both serve who had just come back from sexes who had come down to see the America to join the colors, and who soldiers off, there was no noise, confu1 Copyright, 1905, the Outlook Company, New York. sion, or disorder. Gendarmes in French


military caps trimmed with red kept the to carry came on board ; the gendarmes crowd away from the steamers, and the beckoned to the waiting crowd in front pier was occupied only by squads of of the transportation office, and a long, men engaged in loading horses by means orderly procession of men and women of derricks and slings, and three or four marched on to the pier and drew up in companies of soldiers standing at ease a line parallel with the steamer's side. in double lines while awaiting the order We thought at first that these were relato embark.

tives of the soldiers who had come to In an unpretentious wooden building bid the latter good-by; but we learned near the entrance to the pier we made upon inquiry that the officers and men on the acquaintance of Major Fusei, local board were all from the remote northern chief of military transportation, and province of Mutsu, and that not one of were introduced by him to half a dozen them had a relative in Osaka or its vicinother officers who were going with us as ity. The hundreds of men, women, and far as Dalny, on their way to Liaoyang. children who had walked three or four I noticed with interest, on a table in miles that morning to see us sail were the Major's office, a large pile of St. all members of Osaka households upon John's Gospels, in Japanese and Eng- which the soldiers had been quartered lish, which were intended, apparently, while waiting for a steamer. Their for distribution among soldiers going to presence on the pier, the long walk that the front. Inasmuch as Christianity is they had taken in order to get there, not the dominant religious faith of Japan, and the manifestly affectionate interest the co-operation of the Government in with which they regarded the departing the distribution of St. John's Gospels troops were unmistakable evidences of among its soldiers struck me as a note- patriotic feeling on one side, and sobriworthy evidence of enlightenment and ety, good character, and good behavior toleration. One would not find a local on the other. chief of transportation in Russia supply- Precisely at noon the steamer's lines ing soldiers with New Testaments, and were cast off ; the soldiers on board still less with the sacred books of the crowded to the port rail; the men and Buddhists. The Czar holds up before women on the pier waved their caps his regiments miracle-working portraits and handkerchiefs enthusiastically as of madonnas and saints, and invites the they shouted "Banzai!” and the Tosamen to bare their heads and fall on their maru, turning in a great circle to starknees in adoration, while he himself sits board, started westward through the Inon horseback in a military cap; but he land Sea. A few hours later we bade does not furnish his troops with sacred good-by to Japan at a small island known literature. Books have a tendency to as Ikishima, where there is a telegraphic “excite the mind,” while miracle-work- signal station, and where we made a brief ing ikons encourage a feeling of depend- stop for the purpose of ascertaining ence and submission, and are therefore whether any Vladivostok cruisers, or deamong the strongest bulwarks of the stroyers from Port Arthur, were lying in throne.

wait for us in the Korean Strait. A string After exchanging compliments and of particolored flags fluttering from the drinking colorless Japan tea with Major arm of a white, cross-shaped staff in front Fusei and the officers who were to be of the cable station informed us that the our fellow-voyagers, we all went on board “enemy's position

enemy's position" was “unchanged ;" the Tosa-maru—a twin-screw steamer of and as this meant that he was still botabout 6,000 tons, which belonged to tled up in Port Arthur and had not finthe Nippon Yusen Steamship Company, ished making repairs to his war-ships at and which ran, before the war, on the Vladivostok, we hauled down our inquiry route between Yokohama and Seattle. signal and shaped a course for Dalny. She was scheduled to sail at noon, and Thirty-six hours' steaming carried us fifteen or twenty minutes before that across Tsushima Strait and the Yellow time the last of the five hundred soldiers Sea, and at eight o'clock on Tuesday and three hundred horses that she was morning, after an uneventful voyage of

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three days, we caught sight of Terminal noticeable; but the reddish, dusty plain Head and the long, desolate stretch of upon which it stands slopes upward to a coast which lies between it and Port background of brown, arid hills, over Arthur.

which the eye may range for miles withThe Liaotung Peninsula, when seen out seeing a tree, a thicket, or even a under a leaden October sky and across so bush. The whole egion, outa strip of yellowish-green sea lashed into side the area of actual settlement, looks ridges of foam by a cold northerly wind, as bare and desolate as a stretch of unlooks more bleak, cheerless, and inhos- reclaimed Arizona desert. As a compitable than any part of the Far East that mercial terminus for a transcontinental I have yet seen. Its bare, treeless hills railway, the bay of Talienwan is as satisare not high enough to be impressive, factory, perhaps, as any harbor to be nor varied enough in outline to be pic- found on the Manchurian coast; but turesque ; its arid slopes show no color nothing except the urgent need of access except that of the withered russet-brown to the sea would have induced the Rusgrass with which they are scantily clothed; sians to build a city in so lonely and and even in its sheltered valleys one barren a place. sees no traces of tillage and no signs Unattractive, however, as Dalny may whatever of human habitation. The appear from the deck of a steamer lying whole country looks like a crumpled-up, at anchor in the bay, it is a most interfrost-scorched Siberian tundra.

esting town when one gets into it. I Owing to the existence of uncleared had never before seen an advanced miliRussian mine-fields in the middle of tary base of the first rank-a base furTalienwan Bay, steamers approaching nishing supplies to an army of 300,000 Dalny follow a channel which runs, for men—and I was not at all prepared for a distance of six or eight miles, close the hurly-burly of activity in which we under the hills and bluffs of the northern found ourselves when we went ashore. shore. They then turn sharply to port, Five large transports lay alongside the and cross the wide bay on course spacious pier at which we landed ; twice perpendicular to the line of entrance, as many cranes and donkey-engines were and nearly equal to the latter in length. hoisting packages out of their holds and From the first leg of the rectangle Dalny lowering them to the dock in big rope cannot be seen, on account of the dis- nets; hundreds of bareheaded soldiers tance, but as the steamer crosses the were receiving these packages and asbay, after making the sharp southerly sorting them in symmetrical piles, while turn, the fiat city of the Russian conces- thousands of Chinese coolies, in skullsion slowly takes form behind a brown- caps of gray felt and baggy tunics and ish haze of coal smoke.

trousers of faded Nankin blue, were As seen from the bay, Dalny is neither carrying the boxes and bales away on picturesque nor impressive. It has been their backs, on pack-ponies, on small laid out on an extensive scale, and it tram-cars pushed by hand, or in clumsy attempts to cover an immense extent of Manchurian carts drawn by mixed teams ground, but the one-story Chinese shops of horses, mules, donkeys, and young in the mercantile quarter make no archi- steers. tectural show, while the really good Provisions and munitions of war are public buildings are scattered here and handled and transported by the Japanese there, at wide intervals, over

with great ease and facility on account almost equal to that of Washington, of the limited weight and small size of D. C. If the city had a more pleasing the packages in which they are conand attractive environment—if it were tained. With a few exceptions, in the surrounded by the sheltering forests, cul- shape of field guns, lumber, timber, and tivated fields, and terraced slopes which heavy shells, all of the supplies forgive an air of thrift and prosperity to so warded to the armies in Manchuria are many towns and villages in Japan—the put up either in bags and bales of matbareness of its site and the raggedness ting and rice straw, or in strongly made of its architectural outline might be less wooden boxes having a capacity of only


an area


six or eight cubic feet. These pack- first place, they make great use, everyages seldom measure more than thirty- where, of narrow-gauge tramways, which six inches by twenty inches in length they bring to the field in lengths or and thickness, while the maximum limit sections already put together, and which of weight for a single box or bale is they lay down almost as rapidly as they seventy-five pounds. Such packages can would lay down a line of twenty-foot be carried on men's backs, slung in a planks. On these double-track tramnet from a shoulder-pole, trundled in a ways Chinese coolies push small flat cars wheelbarrow, lashed to the saddle of a from place to place in almost continuous pack-pony, or put into a vehicle of any trains, and thus transport, in a given size or shape; and the method of trans- time, twice as much stuff as could be portation chosen is that which happens carried in any other way. In the second to be best adapted to the circum- place, Japanese packages are so light in stances, the nature of the country, or the weight and so uniform in size that they state of the roads. The thousands of can be handled, mov and stored with Chinese coolies who were carrying pro great ease and facility. If they weighed visions and munitions of war away from two hundred pounds instead of seventythe Dalny piers employed all of these five, they could not be built up into pyramethods simultaneously, and the amount mids fifty feet high without the use of of stuff disposed of in the course of an donkey-engines and big cranes; but a

hour was something astonishing. I double line of men on each side of a counted twelve thousand packages on pyramid toss them up from hand to one end of the pier at which we landed, hand, as baskets of coal are tossed up and they were being removed at the rate the sides of steamers at Nagasaki, with of at least three thousand packages per little effort and with great rapidity. Fihour. As all of the available store- nally, all goods are so marked and stored houses in Dalny were full, most of the that there is no possibility of error or boxes and bales that we saw were taken delay in getting at a required article of a to an extensive field or common at the particular sort, even in the blackness of eastern end of the town, where they were .night. Things of a kind are always piled up in immense pyramids, sixty feet piled together; every box, bag, or bale square and fifty feet or more in height, is carefully marked or tagged; every and then covered with big overlapping pyramid of provisions rests on a foundasheets of closely woven Japanese mat- tion of broken stone, and is covered ting. There were twenty or thirty of with sheets of canvas or matting; and these great pyramids within half a mile of every completed pile bears a big board the piers. From a single point of view, label to indicate the nature of its connear the Harbor Office, we could see tents. These details of transportation

. provisions and munitions of war enough and storage may seem to be of trifling to keep the Japanese armies in Man- importance; but it is upon such managechuria supplied for many weeks, even if ment of details that the efficiency of an the Baltic fleet from Russia or hostile army in the field largely depends, and it cruisers from Vladivostok should sever was on account of the lack of such mancommunication with the home ports. agement that our army broke down in

In most parts of the world, bags of health and virtually went to pieces berice and boxes of hard bread piled out- tween Siboney and Santiago in 1898. of-doors on the ground in October would General Shafter had plenty of supplies be liable to injury from storms; but the on board his ships, but inadequate transclimate of the Liaotung Peninsula in portation facilities and the utter lack of the fall and early winter months is re- order and system in loading, unloading, markably equable and dry. In Dalny, and carriage made nine-tenths of the stuff

at the naval base in Sasebo, I unavailable at the time when it was most was impressed by the systematic and needed. The methods of our quarterefficient methods of the Japanese in master and commissary departments the handling, transportation, and stor- have greatly improved since the Spanish age of heterogeneous supplies. In the War; but in the packing, handling,



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