Obrázky na stránke
PDF
ePub
[graphic][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][graphic][graphic]
[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

DOCUMENTS AND RECORDS RELATING TO THE

FRANCHISES AND PRIVILEGES OF FOUNTAINS ABBEY.

1. — CONFIRMATIO REGIS STEPHANI, DE SUTTON, HERELHOWE,

CAYTON, CUM LIBERTATIBUS.”

S[TEPHANUS], rex Angliæ, archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, baronibus, et omnibus fidelibus suis, Francis et Anglis, totius Angliæ, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Deo et ecclesiæ sanctæ Mariæ, et abbati et

(1) With few exceptions, these Documents and Records are taken from a Register of the Privileges granted to the Monastery by many Kings and Popes, including, also, a series of Papal Bulls granted to the Cistercian Order, from the year 1100 to the year 1490. It was written not long after the latter period, and is now preserved in the library of University College, Oxford. In the present imprint, the original arrangement of the instruments has not been strictly preserved, since, in many instances, they do not follow in chronological order. Probably, the Papal Bulls relating to Fountains were purposely destroyed at the dissolution of the abbey, as no subsequent trace of any one of them has been discovered, with the singular exception of the leaden seal, appended to one of Pope Innocent III., which was found in some rubbish outside the abbot's house, when the site was excavated a few years ago. In the schedule of “percelles of evidence,” delivered to Sir Richard Gresham, the first grantee of the Abbey and many of its estates, by the King's Receiver, the Royal Charters of Privileges, also, were not included, except the first Charter of King Stephen; though those granted by Henry VI. and Edward IV. are now deposited in the muniment room at Studley Royal.

(2) An abstract of this charter occurs in the Coucher-book of Fountains, compiled towards the latter end of the fourteenth century. It reads "Turstinus" for “Thurstinus"-"Herleshow" for “Hereleshow”-and “Cheitunis" for “Caytunis." .

monachis de Fontibus, qui sunt de Ordine Cisterciensi, pro Dei amore, et salute animæ meæ, et parentum meorum, et pro statu regni mei, duas carucatas terræ in Sutuna, quas Thurstinus, archiepiscopus Eboracensis, eis dedit et concessit in elemosinam perpetuam, cum omnibus rebus eidem terræ pertinentibus, in bosco, et plano, et pratis, et pascuis, et aquis. Et partem bosci de Hereleshow, per divisas et metas quas prædictus archiepiscopus eis fecit et statuit, in terra et in bosco; et sicut ipse eas eis, per cartam suam, confirmavit; et quæ recte pertinent prædictis terris. Et, præter hæc, concedo eis duas carucatas terræ, in duabus Caytunis, quas Eustachius filius Johannis eis dedit et concessit, cum omnibus rebus eidem terræ pertinentibus, in bosco, et plano, et pratis, et pasturis, et aquis, per divisas et metas quas Eustachius filius Johannis eis fecit et statuit, et quæ juste pertinent eisdem terris, et sicut Eustachius eas eis per cartas suas confirmavit. Quare volo et firmiter præcipio quod bene, et in pace, et libere, et quiete, teneant de omnibus auxiliis, et geldis, et danegeldis, et assissis, et placitis, et omnibus occasionibus, et quærelis, et scutagiis, et omnibus consuetudinibus, et omni terreno servitio quod mihi vel archiepiscopo Eboracensi, vel Eustachio, vel successoribus meis, vel eorum unquam pertineat, nunc et usque in sempiternum. [Ea] omnia eis, quieta et soluta clamo, et regia auctoritate, et a Deo collata mihi potestate, illi ecclesiæ imperpetuum obtinenda confirmo, et illibate permanenda statuo et corroboro. Testibus T[urstino] archiepiscopo, et A[lexandro] episcopo Lincolniensi, et Audoeno, episcopo Ebroicensi, et Johanne, episcopo Sagiensi, et Adelsulfo] episcopo? Carliolensi, et R[ogerio], cancellario : apud Eboracum anno incarnationis Dominicæ moC.XXXV°; Et anno regni mei primo.

Fol. 1.

11.—IDEM CONFIRMAT DONATIONEM T[URSTINI) ET A[ENRICI]

EPISCOPORUM, ET ALANI, COMITIS BRITANNIÆ.

S[tephanus], rex Angl., archiepiscopis, episcopis, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, baronibus, ministris, et omnibus fidelibus suis totius Angliæ, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Deo et ecclesiæ

(1) He is called " Athelulf' Carlol. Episcopo,” in the charter of King Stephen “De libertatibus Eccles. Angl.” (Stat. of the Realm, vol. i.); “Adelulphus, Karduliæ Episc.” (Chron. W. Thorn., X Script., col. 1803); “Adelwoldus,” (Act. Pont. Ebor., Ibid. col. 1717); “ Arnulphus," (Chron. Joh. Brompton, Ibid. col. 1020); “Adthelwlfus," (Gesta Steph. Reg., Priory of Hexham, Surt. Soc., vol i. p. 98); “ Aldulfus,” (Chron. Jo, Hagust., Ibid. p. 115); “Addulfus,”-Ibid. p. 158

(2) Rym. Poed., tom. i. pt. i. p. 16.

de Fontibus et monachis ibidem servientibus, donationem illam quam Thurstinus, archiepiscopus Eboracensis, eis fecit, et quam Henricus archiepiscopus, successor ejus, eis fecit et carta sua confirmavit, et quam comes Alanus de Britannia, et alii barones et fideles regni mei, eis fecerunt; de terris et aliis tenuris. Quare volo et firmiter præcipio quod prædicta ecclesia et monachi, terras et tenuras illas, bene et in pace, libere et quiete et honorifice, teneant et habeant, in bosco et plano, in pratis et pasturis, in aquis et stagnis, et in omnibus rebus et locis et pertinentiis earum, cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus eisdem tenuris pertinentibus, ita liberas et quietas ab omni sæculari servitio et exactione, sicut prædicti domini eas illis dederunt et concesserunt, et cartis suis confirmaverunt. Testibus, Comite [Eustachio, filio Regis, et Roberto de Ver, et W. Marc',? et Ricardo de Lucy, apud Gipeswic.

Fol. 1.

III. —CARTA REGIS HENRICI SECUNDI DE THELONEO.

H[enricus], rex Angl. et dux Normanniæ et Aquitaniæ, et comes Andegaviæ, justiciariis, vicecomitibus et omnibus ministris suis totius Angliæ et Normanniæ, et nominatim portuum maris, salutem. Præcipio : quod equi et homines et omnes res abbatiæ de Fontibus, et monachorum ibidem Deo servientium, sint quieti de theloneo et passagio, pontagio, et omni consuetudine, quocumque venerint. Et prohibeo ne quis eos super hoc disturbet, super decem librarum forisfacturam. "Testibus, T[heobaldo] archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, H[ugone] episcopo Dunelmensi, R[oberto] episcopo Lincolniensi, Philippo] episcopo Baioc[ensi], Er

(1) This Christian name is supplied from an Inspeximus of this charter by King Edward II., A.D. 1312, where the witness is called “Com. E. fil. Regis." This Eustace, Earl of Boulogne, second son of King Stephen, died in the year 1152 (Diceto, X Script., col. 527) aged eighteen years. -Sandford's Geneal. Hist., p. 48.

(2) The surname of this witness appears also in the contracted form of Marc' in the Inspeximus of Edward II. just mentioned. I apprehend, however, that the person intended was William Martel, who, together with Robert de Vere, witnessed a charter of King Stephen, at York, and other charters of that monarch.- Mon. Angl., vol. iii. p. 159. He appears also with Richard de Lucy as witness to a charter of Hugh abbot of Colchester, granted “instancia Reginæ Matildæ, gratia filiæ suæ Mariæ, Deo sacratæ ; volentibus et confirmantibus illud, Rege Stephano, et filio suo comite Eustachio.Ibid., vol. ii. p. 885. He probably was in frequent attendance on King Stephen, and the same person who, along with Albreda his wife and Geoffry their son and heir, founded the Priory of Snapes, in Essex, in the year 1155.-Ibid., vol. iii. p. 894.

(3) King Henry II. when at Laon, granted to the abbey of Clairvaux, by a charter which still exists, " quod omnes res monasterij Clarevallis, quas emerint vel vendiderint, vel ad opus. suum deportare fecerint, sint quiete de theloneo et passagio et pontagio et omni consuetudine per totam terram meam, tam per terram, quam per aquam, quas servientes sui assecurare potuerint suas esse proprias,--Archives historiques de l' Aube, ed. per Vallet de Viriville, p. 247.

« PredošláPokračovať »