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c. 1600.

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Roll, suffrance to comytt any violence & force vnto (21) such

holie psons so occupied in praiers, being ptected & defended by ye mightie pvidence of almightie god, and by ye mediac'o of holy St Cuthb: & ye psence of ye saide holie Relique. And after many conflictl & warlike exploite there had and donne betwixte ye englishe men and ye kinge of scotte & his company the said battell ended* and ye victorie was obteyned to ye great oừthrowe and confusió of ye scott there enemyes. And then ye said por & mounkes accumpaned wth Raphe L: Neivell [al's Daw Raby, H. 45] & John Neivell his sonne, & ye Lord Percy, & many other worthie nobles of england returned home & went to ye abbay church, ther ioyninge in hartie praier & thankes geving to god, & holie St cuthbert for ye conquest & victorie atchived that daie.* In wch said battell A holy cross wh(ich) was taken out of holie rudehouse* [in Edingbrough, H. 45) in scotland by king david bruce was wonne & taiken (vpon, H. 45] ye said king of scotland at ye said battell, wch crosse by most auncyent & credible writers is recorded* to haue comed to ye said king most myraculouslie, & to haue hapned & chaunced in to his hand being a hunting at ye wylde harte in a forrest nygh Eddenbrowghe vpo Holy Rude daie, commonlie called ye exaltac'on of ye crosse, ye said kinge seưed & pted fró his nobles and company, suddenly there appered vnto him (as it seamed) a most faire harte runninge towardl him in a full & spedy course, wch so affraid ye kingť horse, that he violently coursed away, whome ye harte so fercely and swiftlye followed, that he baire forciblie both ye king & his horse to ground who so being dismayd dyd cast backe his hande betwixt ye Tynde of ye said harte to stay him selfe, and then and there most strangly slypped into ye kinges handes ye said crosse most wonderously, at ye veiwe wherof immediatelye ye hart vanished away, and neư after was seane no mā knowing certenly what mettell or wood ye said crosse was mayd of. In ye place wherin this miracle was so wroughte, doth now spring a fountaine called ye Rude well.* And ye next night after ye said crosse so bechanced vnto hym, the said king was charged & warned in his sleape by a visió to buyld an abbey in ye same place wch

c. 1600.

crosse

*

he most deligentlie observing, as a true message from god Roll, almightie, did send for workemen into france & flanders, who at there cumyng weare reteyned, & dyd buyld & erect ye said abbey accordinglie, wch ye king caused to be furnished wth Chanons Reguler & dedicated ye same in ye honor of ye cross, and placed ye said

moste sumptuouslie & richly in ye said abbey, ther (22) to remayne as a most renowmed monumt & so there remayned, till ye said King cumynge toward ye said battell, dyd bring yt upo him as a most myraculous & fortunate relique, Notwthstandinge that ye said kinge ye said nighte before he addressed him forwarde to ye said battell, was in a dreame admonished, that in any wise he should not attempt to spoile or violate ye churche goods of St Cuth: or any thinge yt appteyned vnto that holie Sł, wch for that he moste contemptuously and psumptuously dyd disdayne & contemne, violating and distroyinge so much as he could ye said good and lands belonging to St Cuth: was not onely punished by god almighty, by his owne captivitie* being taiken at the said battell in ye feild and therin very sore wounded having first valiantly fought, & wth him were taken foure earles, two lordes, [eleaven Lords, H. 45] ye Archbushoppe of St Andrewes, one other bushopp one knight wth many others, In wch battell were slaine (ye kings brother, H. 45] seaven earles of scotland besyde many lords and scotishmen, to the noumber of one and other fifteane thousand & also lost ye saidei crosse wch was taiken vpö him,* & many other most wourthie & excellent Jewelle & monumtp wch wea(re) brought from scotland as his owne bann & other noblemens auñcientes,* [his owne Banner beinge ye Royall standerd, wth many more Colours, H. 45] wch all weare offred vp at ye shryne of St Cuth: for ye bewtifiynge & adorninge therof, together wth ye blacke Rude of scotland (so tearmed) wth Mary and John, maid of silver, being as yt weare smoked all ou, wch was placed & sett vp most exactlie in ye piller next St Cuthb: shrine in ye south alley of ye said abbey. Shortelie after ye said P’or caused a

' A line redundant here at a joining of the paper, viz., "inge taiken at ye said battell, but also loste the said.

*

c. .

Roll, goodly and sumptuous baň to be maid & wth pippes of

silừ* to be put on a staffe, beinge fyve yerde longe,*
wth a device to taike of and on ye said pipes at pleasure, &
to be keapt in a chyste in ye ferretorie when they weare
taken downe, wch ban was shewed & caried in ye said
abbey on festivall and Pncipall daies, on ye highte of ye
oùmost pipe, was a faire ptie crosse of silver and a wand
of siluer,* having a fyne wroughte knopp of silver at either
end, that went outwhart ye bann cloth, wherevnto ye ban
clothe was fastned & tyed, wch wand was of ye bignes of a
mans fynger, and at either end of ye said wande there
was a fyne silver bell, the wand was fest by the myddle to
ye ban staffe hard vnder ye crosse, ye ban cloth was a
yerd brode, & five qzters deape, & ye nether pt of it
was indented in five ptl, & (23) frenged, and maid
fast* wth all about wth read silke and gold. And
also ye said ban cloth was maid of read velvett of both
sydes most sumptuously imbrodered & wrought wth
flowres of grene silke & gold, and in ye mydes of ye
said ban cloth was ye sayde holie relique & Corporax cloth
inclosed and placed yer in, wch Corporax cloth was covered
over wth white velvett half a yerd square eủy way, having
a red crosse of read velvett on both sydes over ye same
holie Relique most artificiallie and cunyngly compiled &
framed, being fynely fringed about ye edge & scirtl wth
frenge of read silke and gold & iij litle fyne silver belle fest
to ye scirtl of ye said ban cloth like vnto sackring belle*
& so sumptuouslie finished and absolutelye pfitted, was
dedicated to holie St Cuthb: of intent & purpose that ye
same should be alwaies after øsented & carried to any
battell as occasió should serve, and wch was (never)' caryed
or shewed at any battell, but* by ye especiall grace of god
almightie, & ye mediac'o of holie St Cuthb: it browghte
home ye victorie. Wch bar cloth after ye Dissoluc'o
[suppression, H. 45] of ye Abbey fell in to ye possessió of
one Deane Whittinghā,* whose wife called Katherin being
a freanche womā (as is most credablely reported by those

Not in Roll, inserted secunda manu in Cos. MS. ; “which was carried and shewed at any battell by ye especiall,” etc., H. 44; the passage is condensed in H. 45; L., C., and editions have, rightly, “never--but," etc.

c. 1600.

.

4.

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wch weare eye wittnesses) did most iniuriously burne* & Roll, cosume ye same in hir fire in the notable contempt & disgrace of all auncyent & goodly Reliques. Further on the West syd of ye Citie of Durhm there was a most notable famous & goodly larg Cross of stone worke erected & sett vppe to ye hono? of god & for ye victorie had thereof, shortly after ye battell of Durhm in ye same place where ye battell was fowghte called & knowen by ye name of Neivelle Crosse* wch was sett vpp at ye cost and chargľ of the Lo: Raph Nevell being one of ye most excellent and cheiffe in ye said battell & feild, wch crosse had 7 step aboute yt eủy way ·4. squared to ye Sockett that the stalke of ye crosse did stand in, wch Sockett was mayd fast to a . squared brod stone, being ye sole or bottom stone of a large thicknes that ye sockett dyd stand vpo wch is a yeard & a half square about eủy way, wch stone was one of ye steppes & ye viijo in number. Also

ye said Sockett was majd

fast wth Iro & lead to ye sole stone in euy syde of ye Cori of ye said sockett stone wch was . 3. quarters deppe & a yerd & a quarter square about eưy way. And ye stalke of ye crosse goinge vpward Conteyned in length . 3. yerde & a halfe vp to ye Bosse, being viijo square about all of one holl (24) peece of stone from ye Sockett yt yt did stand in, to the bosse aboue, into ye wch Bosse ye said stalke was deply sowdered wth lead & sowder. And in ye mydest of ye stalke in eily

. second square was ye Nevelle crosse* in a scoutchio being ye Lo: Nevells armes fynely cut out & wrought in ye said stalke of stone. Also ye nether end (part, Cos.] of ye stalke was soudered depe in ye hole of ye sockett yt it did stand in wth lead & sowder, and at eủy of ye. 4. Corne of ye said Sockett belowe was one of ye pictures of ye .4. evangelistp* being Mathewe, Marke, Luke, & Johne, verie fynly sett forth & carved in stone mason worke, and on ye hight of ye said stalke did stand a moste large fyne Bosse of stone, being .8. square Rownde about fynly cut out & bordered & mveylous Curiously wrought. And in eủy square of ye neither syde of the bosse in ye mason worke was ye Neivells Crosse in a scutchio in one square, & ye Bulls head* having no scutchio in an other

square,

*

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& So

c. 1600.

Roll, contynued (conteined, Cos.] in eủy square after ye same

sorte Rownd about ye Bosse, & on ye hight of the said Bosse having a stalke of stone being a crosse standing a litle higher then the rest wch was sowdered deply wth lead & sowder into ye holl of ye said bosse aboue, wheron was fynely cut out & pictured on both sydes of ye stalke of the said Crosse the picture of o’ savio' christ crucified wth his armes stretched abrod, his handp nayled to ye crosse and his feete being naled vpo ye stalke of ye said crosse belowe, almost a qyter of a yerd from aboue ye Bosse, wth the picture of or Lady the blessed Virgen Mary of ye one syde of him & the picture of St John the Evangeliste on ye other syde most pitifully lamenting & beholding his tormil and cruell deathe standinge both on ye highte of ye said Bosse. All wch pictures was very artificially & curiously wrought all together & fynly carved out of one hole entyre stone some pt therof thorowgh carved worke both on ye east syde & ye west syde of ye said crosse, wth a cover of stone likewise oư there headl being all most fynly & curiously wrought to gether out of ye said holl stone, wch cover of stone was colled all oừ very fynly wth lead. And also in token and remébrance of ye said battell of Durhm & to ye ppetuall memory & hono’ of ye L. Nevell and his posteritie for eư & was2 teʼmed by the title & name of Neivelle crosse ; wch so did there stande & remayne most notorious to all passingers till of laite in ye yeare of or L. god 1589. in ye nighte tyme ye same was broken downe & defaced by some lewde & contemptuous wicked (25) psons there vnto encouraged (as it semed) (seemeth, Cos.] by some who loveth christe ye worse for ye crosse sake, as vtterly & spitefullie dispising all aucyent ceremonies and monume.

And further in ye said place called the Read hille lying on ye north syde of ye said neivelle crosse, a litle distant from a pece of grownd called ye flashe* aboue a close lying hard by north Chilton poole* and on ye north side of ye hedge where ye maydes bower* had wont to be where ye

| MSS. Cos., L., C., and H. 44 have “and,” but editions have “it.”

2 The words “posteritie” to “was ' are repeated at a joining of the paper.

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