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Appendix I, pp. 109—122. A discription, etc.). This description is attributed by Hunter, p. 129 of his

editions, to “Prior Wassington," but upon no authority. Indeed some of the persons represented Aourished long after Prior Wessington's death, and the account seems to have been drawn up as a supplement to Rites, for it makes no mention of any of the windows therein described. There is a similar description of the windows at Fairford, “ from an old MS.," in Hearne's Coll. O. H. S.,

V, 244–247 3 faire lights). All existing representations known to us show a two-light

window in this place, e.g. the plates in Carter and in Billings, and some earlier views. But the description here is so particular that there must have been a three-light window at the time when it was written, unless there be some confusion with another window. All

the aisle windows were Norman, with inserted Perpendicular tracery. a monke in a blew habitte). The black habit of the Benedictines was

usually represented as blue in painted glass, for the sake of pictorial effect and harmony of colour. The St. Cuthbert window at York, for example, is full of “blue monks.” Sometimes purple was used, as in the old glass at the Bodleian Library, representing the penance of

Henry III. kneeling vpon his knees). “Sitting upon his knees" is the expression

commonly used in Rites ; see pp. 34, 52, 107. turrett wyndowes). The upper lights in Perpendicular or Decorated tracery,

such as had been inserted in the Norman windows. round about coloured glasse). Apparently a coloured border. saint Katherine). See above, p. 195*. armes of St Cuthbert, etc.). See below, p. 290. Bushop Skirlawes armes). See above, p. 209. his armes in a scutcheon). See above, pp. 44, 230. Si Xpofer). The legend of St. Christopher ; see Legenda Aurea, xcv ;

(no lessons in the ordinary English or Roman Breviaries) was one of the most popular of all in the Middle Ages, and representations of him abounded. Gigantic images of the Saint crossing the stream with the Infant Christ on his shoulders, and grasping the staff, were often placed in conspicuous situations, with the inscription,

Christophori sancti faciem quicumque tuetur, Illa nempe die non morte mala morietur." There is a very fine example in glass at All Saints', North Street, York, having these words on a scroll over

his head, “ Cristofori d'ns sedeo qui crimina tollo.” 10 knotts). Devices in pattern glass. The same term was applied to

ornamental flower-beds. Alicia Amherst, Gardening in England, 1895, pp. 83, 122, 209.

the picture of god, etc.). Doubtless the usual representation of the Holy

Trinity, commonly including the Dove, not here mentioned. armes of the nevills). This being one of the windows of the Neville Chapel.

Canon Greenwell quite well remembers these windows, and the

Nevilles' arms in them (gules a saltire silver). ye hind at his feete). Referring to the beautiful legend of the hunted hind

protected by the saint (Legenda Aurea, cxxv ; Brev. Rom. et Ebor,

September 1). St Katherine). See above, p. 195*. ye order of St Bennett). See Appendix III, p. 124. the priors within). 'ffryars" in H. 44, Hunter, etc., an obvious mistake,

for there were no Friars of the Benedictine Order. howghells altar). Endowed with land at Houghal, near Durham, as the

adjoining altar was with land at Bolton in the parish of Edlingham,

Northumberland.-Greenwell, 55n. St X pofer). See above, p. 289. ye picture of St Leon'de). There is a figure of St. Leonard in painted glass,

probably from the Cathedral, possibly this very one, now inserted in the staircase window of the house belonging to the second stall, now occupied by Canon Tristram. A coloured engraving of it was

published by William Fowler, of Winterton, in 1806. ye old seat]. The long form mentioned p. 34. a casement). An opening portion ; Hunter has “casemond

here, and casemund" occurs in 1556 (N. E. D.). a monke traueyling, etc.). For the story here represented, see Bede's Life

of St. Cuthbert, ch. x, or the English Metrical Life, p. 49. The same story has often formed the subject of pictorial representations. See

Yks. Arch. Jrnl., IV, 305, XI, 493. armour in blew colours). Here the blue glass would indicate polished steel. 4 seu’all armes in scutcheons). The arms attributed were, for St. Cuthbert,

Az. a cross patonce Or between four lions rampant Arg. ; for St. Oswald, Gu. a plain cross between four lions rampant Or; for Our Lady, Az. a heart Gu. winged Or transfixed by a sword in pale proper ; for St. George, Arg. a plain cross Gu. See Longstaffe in the Herald and Genealogist of 1872. Dugdale in 1666, in his Church Notes in the Heralds' College, describing the Durham glass “in australi fenestra alæ australis," gives the two latter only, the two former having probably been removed. At the present time the above arms, with the exception of St. George's, are in a window at

the Deanery, and have probably been taken from the Cathedral. part of the Crede). The legend assigning an article of the Creed to each

Apostle is of course mediæval, not primitive. Two sermons among the Pseudo-Augustinian works (CCXL, CCXLI, alias De Symbolo, iv, V, Migne, Patrol. Lat., vol. 39, pp. 2189, 2190) assign to each Apostle an article, but only five articles are given to the same authors in the two discourses. The legend, with a list of apostles and articles, is

given in the Rationale of Durandus, lib. IV, cap. 25. No one order seems to be strictly followed in mediæval art ; most of the Apostles have the same articles, but some are subject to variation. There is

a list in The Myrroure of Oure Lady, E. E. T. S., 1873, p. 312. St Leonard). See note, p. 290. Thomas Moresbie). Thomas Moreby was Cellarer in 1419 (Rolls, 56), and

in 1459 there were two patellæ called Moreby, probably his gifts or

acquisitions (16., 89). Wm Drax). Prior of Coldingham, 1417-1441. The mention of the crosier

in the hand of a Prior of Coldingham, which was only a cell of

Durham, is remarkable. prioresse). St. Ebba was Prioress in the double monastery of Coldingham. St Wm Bushop). St. William, archbishop of York. Thomas Rome). Sacrist 1405-25. Frequently mentioned in the Rolls ; see

Index thereto under his name. The 9 Aitars). For notices of the North and South windows, see above,

p. 3. a crosse diuision). The Lancet windows in the Nine Altars were all

provided with Perpendicular tracery, and, being lofty, required

transoms. This tracery has been renewed at the South end. Cloyster windowes). Described above, ch. XXXVI, p. 76. blowing his horne). St. Oswald's ivory horn was among the relics pre

served at Durham.-Rolls, 431. with a scepter). St. Oswald's ivory sceptre was also among the relics.

Rolls, 426. a faire crowne of gold .. a bush of ostrich feathers). The palatinate

coronet and plumes used by Bishop Hatfield and his successors. See Longstaffe on the Old Official Heraldry of Durham in the Herald and Genealogist, 1872, and the Plates of Seals in Surtees' History of

Durham. St Katherina). See above, p. 2, and the notes thereon, p. 195. St Margaret]. See Legenda Aurea, No. Ixxxviii; Brev. Sarum et Ebor.

20 July. drawen vp by wyndowes). That is, by a windas or windlass ; (pully, H. 45 ;

windowes, C.). Mary Magdelene . iudged to die. The Rev. Father Poncelet, S.J.,

the Bollandist, who has kindly examined all the printed texts relating to St. Mary Magdalene, has not found anything like this incident, and he thinks it probable that we here have some confusion with another saint, though the particulars given are not precise

enough to enable us to say what saint. saint Edmond). The archbishop, not the king, as appears below. For the

legend here referred to, see Nova Legenda Angliæ, Oxford edition, in which, as in the edition of 1516, the saints are entered in

alphabetical order, vol. I, p. 317. fadowmed). Fathomed, i.e. encircled by extended arms. See Fathom, v,

in N. E. D.

his beheading]. The picture no doubt represented the beheading of St.

Paul. altar of St Aydaine). Add, “and St. Helen." carried to Heaven by two Angells). See Yorks. Arch. Jrnl., IV, 287 ; Bede,

Vit. S. Cuthb., IV; Engl. Metr. Life, 36, 37 ; Appendix No. IV,

p. 142. St Elinor). A mere mistake, of course, for “ St. Helena." in her armes). This must be a clerical error, corrected in H. 44. The

picture was probably a representation of the Holy Trinity. 8 seuerall orders). Nine orders are reckoned, the seven here named,

together with Thrones, and Virtues, which, with the six pictures mentioned in the text, would make up the “eight several pictures." Nine pictures could not have been got in, so one was made to represent Cherubim and Seraphim. The two omitted Orders may either have disappeared from the window, or may have been accidentally omitted in the description.

Appendix II, pp. 122–123. Anno Domini 1448). The Sacrist's roll for this year is not extant, and the

Feretrar's Roll contains nothing relating to the royal visit. Over the heading of the Hostillar's roll is written “Adventus Regis," and a white horse was bought “de uno cursore d'ni Regis." The Bursar's roll of the previous year has entries relating to correspondence with

the king, but the roll for 1448 is lost. F. C. vjo kal : octobris). In 1448 the Dominical or Sunday Letter was F,

therefore C was the letter of Thursday, Sept. 26, or vj kal. Oct. See Aug. De Morgan's Book of Almanacks, pp. vii, 5, 21.

Appendix III, pp. 124–136. Inscriptions beneath the Figures). This article is given as in the edition of

1842, but with some corrections, and references to the MS. In that edition the paragraphs relating to local saints are given entire, the rest being represented by the headings only, or by short abstracts. The present editor copied the whole of them with the intention of printing them in this edition, but as they would occupy about forty pages, that plan has been abandoned. And as it is probable that the inscriptions on the screenwork were simply what appear here as headings, and that the explanatory paragraphs never appeared in the church at all, there seems the less reason for introducing them here. Those relating to the local saints, however, may as well remain as specimens showing what the others are. They are all copied in full, but incorrectly, in MS. Cosin B. II, 2. It does not seem necessary to annotate them fully, as they hardly seem to come

within the scope of the present work. per Barlaam conversus). Barlaam is said to have been a monk in India in

the earliest period of monasticism, and to have converted Josaphat, an Indian prince.Dictionary of Christian Biography. Barlaam and Josaphat are commemorated in the Roman martyrology, Nov. 27. John Damascene is the primary authority concerning them,

Bodl. 240.

Ex Libro de fundacione, etc.). The reference is to Symeon, Eccl. Dunelm.,

lib. II, cap. i. commisso gravi prælio). The famous “ Battle of the Standard," fought in

1138. monachico habitu est indutus). This took place in the Cluniac monastery

at Pontefract, in 1140.Fasti Ebor., 208. Ex Policronica). The Polychronicon of Ralph Higden, compiled in the

fourteenth century. munusque amoris deposuit). Ethelwold's present may possibly have been

the stole and maniple still in existence. See Raine, St. Cuthbert,

208n., and 53. But the gift may have been that of a relic. Ex Historia Aurea). The Historia Aurea is extant in three sets of MSS., namely MSS. Lambeth 10–12 ; MSS. C.C.C.C. 5, 6; and MS.

It was compiled by John of Tynemouth in the fourteenth century; he also wrote, in its original form, the Nova Legenda Angliæ commonly attributed to John Capgrave. See the Introduction to the edition of the last-named work issued by the Clarendon Press in 1901, pp. lv-lviii, and ix-xi. That the fine copy of the Historia Aurea now at Lambeth is presumably the one that belonged to Durham Abbey is shown by the beginnings of the second leaves,

which are recorded in Catalogi Veteres, p. 56. Tymensis episcopus). Of Thmuis in Egypt ? Two persons of the same

name seem to be confounded here. See Dictionary of Christian

Biography, under Serapion, 9, 10. Ruspensis ecclesiæ episcopus). “ The little town of Ruspe (or Ruspae), a

small sea-port on a projecting spur of the coast, not far from the Syrtis Parva-lat. 35° 1', long. E. 11° 1'.”Dictionary of Christian

Biography. Et ex vita ejusdem). The reference may be to a Life of St. Eata that has

been printed, from a York MS., in Miscellanea Biographica (Surtees Soc.), 121, also in Raine's Hexham, I, 211. It is merely a compila

tion from Bede. Et ex Libro, etc.). Symeon ; see above. ingressum mulierum .. interdixit). See note on ch. XXII, p. 228. ex vita ejusdem). The Life of Benedict Biscop in Bede's Historia Abbatum, in his Opera Historica, ed. Plummer, I, 364—377.

Appendix IV, pp. 137–143. Scripturæ sub Imaginibus Regum). In the case of these inscriptions under

figures of kings and bishops, as in that of inscriptions under figures of saints referred to in the note on p. 292, it seems hardly likely that the explanatory paragraphs appeared on the screens in the church.

This list is quite different from those on pp. 204-22 ; see note, p. 212. legem Cuthberti). “Lex Cuthberti was a term applied to any particular

law by which the men of the Bishopric were governed. For another of these laws, see p. 138, paragraph 2, and there is one in Scr. Tres, Appendix, No. cccxxxii. Symeon speaks of Athelstane's confirming “leges quoque et consuetudines ipsius Sancti quas Avus ejus Rex Elfredus et Guthredus Rex instituerant," and of his

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