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MS. L., he was brought up in the Abbey of Mailros, * first 1656.

under (his predecessor) Eata, and afterwards under Boisill, who succeeded Eata there, after the death of Boisill, he was made Abbot of that Monastery which he ruled with great care and sincerity, he was Anchor thirteen yeares, also he was Monk thirty seven yeares, and Abbot fourteen yeares. Also in the year 855 Eardulf being Bpp, at which time certain Danes and Pagan Infidels of sundry other nations invaded and destroyed the Realm of England in diverse places, and after a certain space Halden King of the Danes with a great part of navy, and army of the infidells arrived in Tinmouth haven intending to sojourne there all the winter Season following, and in the next sumer he meant with all his power to invade spoil and destroy the County of Northumberland whereof when Eardulf the Bpp had intelligence he with all his clergie and people after long consultation had among themselves, what course was to be taken in that extremity, for eschewing the barbarous cruelty of the savage and merciless Infidells, and in the end calling to memory the words and monition delivered by St Cuthbert to his brethren a little before his departure out of this life (who amongst other wholesome counsells and godly admonitions then delivered and uttered these or the like words, viz. If you my brethren shall be at any time hereafter, urged or constrained unto one of the two extremities following, I do much rather wish, and choose that

ye shall take my bones up, and flie from these places, and take your place of abode, and stay, wheresoever Almighty God shall provide for you, than by any means to submit yourselves to the yoke and servitude of wicked schismatiql, which words he then spake, by the spirit of Prophesie foreseeing the perills of the times to come.

L., C., Dav.] Roll, And also Buship Eardulfe and abbott Edrede* (56) c. 1600. did taike, Carry, & beare awaie ye bodie of Sacte

Cuthb: frome Holy Eland southward, and fledd vijo yere from towne to towne for ye great psecuc'on & slawghter of the panymes & Danes; and mē of ye shire* when they sawe that Sacte Cuthb: bodye was gone they leift there lande & there good & followed after ; & so ye bush: ye

L'in

c. 1600.

abbott, and the reste, being weirye of travellinge thought Roll, to haue stowlne awaye & caried Sacte Cuthb: body into Ireland for his better saifftie, and being vpo ye sea in a shippe, was by myricle nveilous by iijo waves of water was turned into bloode.* The shippe that they weere in, was drevē back by tempest & by ye mightie powre of god (as it should seame) vpo ye shore or land.

And also ye saide shippe that they weere in (by ye grete storme & strong Raging walls of ye sea as is aforesaid) was turned on ye one syde, and ye booke of ye Holie Evangelistl* fell out of ye ship into ye bottom of ye sea, the wch booke being all addorned wth gould & Psious stones of ye out syde, & they being all troubled wth great sorrowe for ye losse of ye said booke, one Hunredo being admonished and coiñaunded by ye visio of Sacte Cuthb: [appearinge, interlined] to seeke ye booke that was loste in ye sea, iijo myles & more fro ye land, & as they weere admonishede they found ye booke much more bewtifull than it was before* both in l'res & leaves excelling ye vtter bewtie of ye cover, being nothing blemyshed by ye water, as thoughe it had been towched by some heavenly powere. And also by the foresaid visio of Sacte Cuthb: [being vpon the shore, interlined] they sawe a bridle hinging in a tree, & lookynge aboute hym he dyd see a read horse* wch cumyng towarde him, by gods pvisió dyd offer him selfe to be brydled, to ease yer travell in cariage of the beare wherein Sacte Cuthbt: bodie laide.

And then they went wth him to crake mynster & Rested there iiijo monthes wth his body and afterward brought him to chester (Cuneagecester (now called Chester in the streat), L., C., Dav.) the yeare of ye incarnacion .CCCCCCCC: lxxxiijo from Sacte Cuthbtl daie at least •Cxxvio past since Alduno fledde away wth ye bodie of Sacte Cuthb*: when it had lyne at chester •C:xiijo yere for ye great psecuc'on & Robbing & spoiling of ye panemes or Danes, and fled to Rippon wth his body [to lye by the bodye of holy St Wilfride, Cos.], [and wthin iiijo monthes]; there warres dyd seas, [& then]cumynge back againe when all was

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c. 1600.

Roll, in quietnes thinkinge to haue browght hime back to

chester againe, & cuminge wth hime on ye east syde of Durhm, to a place called Warde Lawe, *1 they could no further beare him,

[They could not with all their force remove his body from thence, which seemed to be fasten’d to the ground. Dav.)

(57) [for that the Chariott wherein the holy Corps was carried miraculously stood unmoveable either by the strength of man or beast. L., C.]

the Buship & ye people fasted iijo daies, and praied to god wth great Reưence & devoc'o to knowe from god what they shoulde doe wth him, and Revelac'on had they to carry him to Dunhome,

[and revelation had they (being revealed to one Eadmer a vertuous man) to carry him to Dunholm (which is compounded of two Saxon words, Dun signifying an hill, and Holm an Island in a river (and there he should receive a place of rest) and as they were going, etc. L., C.] and as they weare going they had intelligence by a womā lacking her kowe* where ýt Dunhome was, and streight way they brought hime to that place of Dunhome myriculouslye in ye yere of our Lord DCCCCXCv• where there was nothing but a great Rush of thornes* and other thick woodl growinge, and there for to reaste and Remayne for no further they could cary him. And there they buylded a litle chappell of wandl* [and bowes of trees, L., C.] & ther in they him layd or sett vntill such tyme as a better kirke was buylded. The Buship came wth ye corse, and with all his force dyd wourship it, also he fynes ye place ther defensable wth thick woode & great Rushes as is aforesaid, vntill Vthred earle of northumberland caused all the Countrye to taike in hand to hewe & cute downe all ye woode that there was growing to make yt inhabitable & then ye buship beganne to worke, and buylde, & to make a mykle kirke of stone, and whels it was in makinge frome ye Wandyd kirke or chapell they brought ye body of that

I Warden-law, L.; Wardlaw, Dav. ; Wardenlawe, C., Hunter's and Sanderson's editions,

Roll, c. 1600.

*

holie mā Sacte Cuthb't: & translayted him into an other White Kirke so called, * & there his body Remayned iiijo yeares, while ye more kyrke* was buylded, then the Buship Alduno dyd hallowe ye more kyrk or gret kirke so called before ye kallende of September, & translated Sacte Cuthb: body out of ye white kirke into ye great kyrke as sone as ye great kirke was hollowed (sic) to more worship then before. / Also Aldung dyd ordayne & make ye buship sea to be onely ther in Durhm contynewally for eu. King Oswald & aydane first beganne the bushipes sea in Holy Eland from ye wch tyme •CCClxjo. to ye cumynge of Aldun 92 who ordanyd the bushipes sea of Durham, fro ye tyme that Sacte Cuthbt: passed out of this world fro thence it was .CCCixo yeares & then Alduno depted hence out of this world iij. yeres after* yt he had founded & stablished ye bushipes sea. The buyldinge & first foundinge of ye abbei church in Durhm yt now is was in ye yere of o’Lord4 •M•xxijo yeres paste, * by Bushippe Willm and Prio? Turgott* wth all ye mounkl, wch caused ye old church buylt by Aldun9* to be pulled downe, & buylding it anewe begiñing at ye first floore. Thei weare ye

first yt laid

ye

first foundac'on of ye (58) stones in ye ground woorke where ye grete abbey church is nowe founded (and builded, L., C.] Bushippe Will’m caused to make all ye great kirke & caused ye mounkl dalie for to woorke at it out of service tyme. The buship ordeyned before ye people for Turgot to be Asdeacon [Archdeacon, Cos., H. 44, L., C., and edd.] before he dyed, & also his vicar generall. And ye foresaid buship Wyll’m did place ye mounckl of Jarrowe & Wermouthe being of St Benedicte order in ye Rowmes of ye Cannons for ther evill & nawghtie livinge. And when ye abbey church was buylded & finished* then was he taikė vp out of thother church called ye White church,* & translaited & browght into ye said Abbey church, being inshryned aboue ye ground of iijo yerde highte in a most Sumptuous & goodlie shrine aboue ye high alter called ye fereture.* And ye booke of ye holie Evangelest wch was lost in ye sea* as is aforesaide,

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Roll, c. 1600.

was Pserved & keapt in ye said monasticall or abbey church of Durhm where ye bodie of holie St Cuthb: doth lie as a place most worthie of so Øsyous a booke browghte to light againe thorowgh his Revelac'on.

*

(XXXIII. THE CLOISTERS. SAINT CUTHBERT'S TOMB).

And there was maide a faire toumbe of stone* in ye cloyster garth, a yerde hight fro ye ground where yt holie mā was first browght to & laide, (when he was translated owte of the White Church to be laide in ye Abbey Churche, H. 45] & a faire great broad playne throwghe stone layd aboue ye said toumbe. Then afterward was there a goodlie & verie large & greate thicke Imadge of stone, beinge ye picture of y holie mā S'cte Cuthb: verie fynely and curiouslie pictured & wrowghte in ye saide stone wth paintinge & giltinge niveilous bewtifull & excellent to beholde in forme & fashio as he was accustomed to saie masse wth his myter on his head & his croisier staff in his hand. And ye said picture was caried & laid aboue ye said toumbe of stone : yt was rered vp of either syde & at both ende aboue ye said stone wourke verie close wth wood stanchels y a mă coulde not haue gotten in his hand betwixt one stanchell & another, but haue looked in & sene ye picture of yt holie mā St Cuth: lyinge therein, and coued oư aboue all verie fynely & closlie wth lead like vnto a litle chappell or church weh did stande contynewallie vnto ye suppressio of ye house, as a memorie and speciall monumt*

first cumynge of that holie mā St Cuth: being onely maid (59) & placed yer to ye end, weh did stand in ye cloister garth où against ye ploure dour where thorowgh ye mounckes was caried to be buried wch is nowe maid a Registr house,* and also it did cöty nue to ye suppressió of ye house as is aforesaid & after vnto ye ty me of Deane Horne & thé he caused ye said monumt to be pulled down & converted ye leade & all to his owne use. & ye said Image of St. Cuth: was sett on ye one syde against ye cloister wall où annenst ye pler dor as yei go thorowgh into ye Senturie Garth : & after when Whittinghā came to be deane he caused ye saide Image to be defaced &

of ye

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