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MS. L., he was brought up in the Abbey of Mailros, ,
Mailros, * first 1656.
under (his predecessor) Eata, and afterwards under Boisill, who succeeded Eata there, after the death of Boisill, he was made Abbot of that Monastery which he ruled with great care and sincerity, he was Anchor thirteen yeares, also he was Monk thirty seven yeares, and Abbot fourteen yeares. Also in the year 855 Eardulf being Bpp, at which time certain Danes and Pagan Infidels of sundry other nations invaded and destroyed the Realm of England in diverse places, and after a certain space Halden King of the Danes with a great part of navy, and army of the infidells arrived in Tinmouth haven intending to sojourne there all the winter Season following, and in the next summer he meant with all his power to invade spoil and destroy the County of Northumberland whereof when Eardulf the Bpp had intelligence he with all his clergie and people after long consultation had among themselves, what course was to be taken in that extremity, for eschewing the barbarous cruelty of the savage and merciless Infidells, and in the end calling to memory the words and monition delivered by St Cuthbert to his brethren a little before his departure out of this life (who amongst other wholesome counsells and godly admonitions then delivered and uttered these or the like words, viz. If you my brethren shall be at any time hereafter, urged or constrained unto one of the two extremities following, I do much rather wish, and choose that ye shall take my bones up, and flie from these places, and take your place of abode, and stay, wheresoever Almighty God shall provide for you, than by any means to submit yourselves to the yoke and servitude of wicked schismatiql, which words he then spake, by the spirit of Prophesie foreseeing the perills of the times to come.
L., C., Dav.] Roll, And also Buship Eardulfe and abbott Edrede* (56) C. 1600. did taike, Carry, & beare awaie ye bodie of Sacte
Cuthb: frome Holy Eland southward, and fledd vijo yere from towne to towne for ye great psecuc'on & slawghter of the panymes & Danes; and mē of ye shire* when they sawe that Sacte Cuthb: bodye was gone they leift there lande & there goode & followed after ; & so ye bush: ye
abbott, and the reste, being weirye of travellinge thought Roll,
And then they went wth him to crake mynster & Rested
1 “When” erased, and these words interlined.
Roll, in quietnes thinkinge to haue browght hime back to
chester againe, & cuminge wth hime on ye east syde of Durhm, to a place called Warde Lawe, *1 they could no further beare him,
[They could not with all their force remove his body from thence, which seemed to be fasten’d to the ground. Dav.]
(57) [for that the Chariott wherein the holy Corps was carried miraculously stood unmoveable either by the strength of man or beast. L., C.]
the Buship & ye people fasted iijo daies, and praied to god wth great Reuence & devoc'o to knowe from god what they shoulde doe wth him, and Revelac'on had they to carry him to Dunhome,
[and revelation had they (being revealed to one Eadmer a vertuous man) to carry him to Dunholm (which is compounded of two Saxon words, Dun signifying an hill, and Holm an Island in a river (and there he should receive a place of rest) and as they were going, etc. L., C.] and as they weare going they had intelligence by a womā lacking her kowe* where yi Dunhome was, and streight way they brought hime to that place of Dunhome myriculouslye in ye yere of our Lord DCCCCXCv• where there was nothing but a great Rush of thornes* and other thick woodl growinge, and there for to reaste and Remayne for no further they could cary him. And there they buylded a litle chappell of wande* [and bowes of trees, L., C.] & ther in they him layd or sett vntill such tyme as a better kirke was buylded. The Buship came wth ye corse, and with all his force dyd wourship it, also he fynes ye place ther defensable wth thick woode & great Rushes as is aforesaid, vntill Vthred earle of northumberland caused all the Countrye to taike in hand to hewe & cute downe all ye woode that there was growing to make yt inhabitable & then ye buship beganne to worke, and buylde, & to make a mykle kirke of stone, and whels it was in makinge frome ye Wandyd kirke or chapell they brought ye body of that
I Warden-law, L. ; Wardlaw, Dav. ; Wardenlawe, C., Hunter's and Sanderson's editions,
Roll, c. 1600.
holie mă Sacte Cuthb't: & translayted him into an other White Kirke so called, * & there his body Remayned iiijo yeares, while ye more kyrke" was buylded, then the Buship
* Alduno dyd hallowe ye more kyrk or gret kirke so called before ye kallend of September, & translated Sacte Cuthb: body out of ye white kirke into ye great kyrke as sone as ye great kirke was hollowed (sic) to more worship then before. / Also Alduno dyd ordayne & make ye buship sea to be onely ther in Durhm contynewally for eů. King Oswald & aydane first beganne the bushipes sea in Holy Eland' from ye wch tyme .CCClxjo. to ye cumynge of Aldun92 who ordanyd the bushipes sea of Durham, fro ye ty me that Sacte Cuthbt: passed out of this world3 fro thence it was .CCC•ixo yeares & then Aldun depted hence out of this world iijo yeres after* yt he had founded & stablished ye bushipes sea. The buyldinge & first foundinge of ye abbei church in Durhm yt now is was in ye yere of o’Lord4 •M•xxijo yeres
? paste, * by Bushippe Will’m and Prio? Turgott* wth all ye mounkl, wch caused ye old church buylt by Aldun9* to be pulled downe, & buylding it anewe begining at ye first floore. Thei weare ye first yt laid ye first foundac'on of ye (58) stones in ye ground woorke where ye grete abbey church is nowe founded (and builded, L., C.) Bushippe Will’m caused to make all ye great kirke & caused ye mounkl dalie for to woorke at it out of service tyme. The buship ordey ned before ye people por Turgot to be Asdeacon [Archdeacon, Cos., H. 44, L., C., and edd. ] before he dyed, & also his vicar generall. And ye foresaid buship Wyll’m did place ye mounckl of Jarrowe & Wermouthe being of St Benedictl order in ye Rowmes of ye Cannons for ther evill & nawghtie livinge. And when ye abbey church was buylded & finished* then was he taikē vp out of thother church called ye White church,* & translaited & browght into ye said Abbey church, being inshryned aboue ye ground of iijo yerde highte in a most Sumptuous & goodlie shrine aboue ye high alter called ye fereture.* And ye booke of ye holie Evangelest wch was lost in ye sea* as is aforesaide,
Roll, c. 1600.
was Pserved & keapt in ye said monasticall or abbey church of Durhm where ye bodie of holie St Cuthb: doth lie as a place most worthie of so Psyous a booke browghte to light againe thorowgh his Revelac'on.
(XXXIII. THE CLOISTERS.
Saint CUTHBERT'S TOMB).
And there was maide a faire toumbe of stone* in ye cloyster garth, a yerde hight fro ye ground where yt holie mā was first browght to & laide, (when he was translated owte of the White Church to be laide in ye Abbey Churche, H. 45] & a faire great broad playne throwghe stone layd aboue ye said toumbe. Then afterward was there a goodlie & verie large & greate thicke Imadge of stone, beinge ye picture of ye holie mā S'cte Cuthb: verie fynely and curiouslie pictured & wrowghte in ye saide stone wth paintinge & giltinge niveilous bewtifull & excellent to beholde in forme & fashio as he was accustomed to saie masse wth his myter on his head & his croisier staff in his hand. And ye said picture was caried & laid aboue ye said toumbe of stone : yt was rered vp of either syde & at both ende aboue ye said stone wourke verie close wth wood stanchels yt a mă coulde not haue gotten in his hand betwixt one stanchell & another, but haue looked in & sene ye picture of yt holie mā St Cuth: lyinge therein, and coued oư aboue all verie fynely & closlie wth lead like vnto a litle chappell or church wch did stande contynewallie vnto ye suppressió of ye house, as a memorie and speciall monum** of ye first cumynge of that holie mā Si Cuth: being onely
St maid (59) & placed yer to ye end, wch did stand in ye cloister garth où against ye ploure dour where thorowgh ye mounckes was caried to be buried wch is nowe maid a Registr house,* and also it did cõtynue to ye suppressió of ye house as is aforesaid & after vnto ye ty me of Deane Horne & thé he caused ye said monumt to be pulled down & converted ye leade & all to his owne use. & ye said Image of St. Cuth: was sett on ye one syde against ye cloister wall oư annenst ye pler dor as yei go thorowgh into ye Senturie Garth : & after when Whittinghā came to be deane he caused ye saide Image to be defaced &