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MS. Cos., curious workmanshipp of fine and costly (green, H. 45, L.,
C., and Dav.] marble all limned and guilted with gold hauinge foure seates or places conuenient* under the shrine for the pilgrims or laymen (lame or sicke men, H. 45) sittinge on theire knees* to leane and rest on, in time of theire deuout offeringes and feruent prayers to God and holy St Cuthbert, for his miraculous releife and succour wch: beinge neuer wantinge made the shrine to bee so richly inuested, that it was estimated to bee one of the most sumptuous monuments in all England, so great were the offerings and Jewells that were bestowed uppon it, and no lesse the miracles that were done by it, [wrought att itt, H. 45) euen in theise latter dayes* as is more patent [apparent in recorde, H. 45] in the history of the Church at large.*
At the west end of this shrine of St Cuthbert was a little altar* adioyned to it for masse to bee sd on onely uppon the (4) great and holy feast of St Cuthberts day in lent,* at wch solemnitie the holy [Prior and the whole, H. 45] couent did keepe open houshold [howse, H. 45] in the frater house* and did dine altogether on that day, and on no day else in the yeare.
And at this feast and certaine other festiuall dayes in the time of deuine seruice they were accustomed to drawe svpp, H. 45) the couer* of St Cuthberts shrine
[beinge of Wainescott wherevnto was fastned vnto euy c. 1655.
corner of ye gd Cover to a loope of Iron a stronge Cord wch Cord was all fest together over ye Midst over ye Cover. And a strong rope was fest vnto ye loopes or bindinge of ye sd Cordes wch runn vpp and downe in a pully vnder ye Vault* wch was aboue over St Cuthb: feretorie for ye drawinge vpp of ye Cover of the sd shrine and the sd rope was fastned to a loope of Iron* in ye North piller of ye ferretory : haueinge six silver bells fastned to ye sd rope, soe as when ye cover of ye same was drawinge vpp ye belles did make such a good sound yt itt did stirr all ye peoples harts that was wthin ye Church to repaire vnto itt and to make ther praiers to God and holy St Cuthb: and yt ye behoulders might see ye glorious ornam'ts therof : Also ye Cover had att euy corner two ringes made fast, wch did
MS. H. 45,
runn vpp and downe on fower staves* of Iron when itt was MS. H. 45, in drawinge vpp wch staves were fast to eưy corner of ye
c. 1655 Marble yt St Cuthb: Coffin did lye vpon, wch cover was all gilded over and of eyther side was painted fower lively Images curious to ye beholders and on the East End was painted the picture of or Savior sittinge on a Rainebowe to geive Judgmt very lively to ye behoulders and on the West end of itt was ye picture of or Lady & or Savior on her knee And on the topp of ye Cover from end to end was most fyne [brandishing of, L., C. ; Brattishing* of, Ed. H.] carved worke cutt owte wth Dragons and other beasts moste artificially wrought and ye inside was Vernished wth a fyne sanguine colour that itt might be more pspicuous to ye beholders and att eủy corner of ye Cover was a locke* to keepe itt close but att such tymes as was fitt to show itt. H. 45, L., C., Dav.]
that the beholders might see the glorye and ornaments MS. Cos., therof.
Also within the sd feretorye, both of the north side and the south, there was almeryes of fine wenscote,* beinge uarnished and finelye painted and gilted finely ouer with little images uerye seemly and beautifull to behould, for the reliques belonginge to St Cuthb to lye in, and within the sd almeryes, did lye all the holy reliques* [& guifts, H. 45] that was ofered to that holy man St Cuthb: and when his (5) shrine was drawne, (upp, H. 45) then the sd almeryes were opened that euery man yt came thither at that time might see the holy reliques therein, [all the holy reliques and guifts and Jewells that were in ye Almeries, H. 45] so that for the costly reliques and Jewells that was in the same almeryes and other reliques that hung a bout within the sd feretorye uppon the irons was accounted to bee the most sumptuous and richest Jewells in all this land, with the beautifullness of the fine little Images that did stand in the french peirwithin the feretorye, for great was the gifts and godly deuotion of kinges and queenes and other estates at that time towards God and holy St Cuthbert in that Church.
Within this feretorye of St Cuthb: there was many fine little picturs of seuerall sorts [Saints, Ed. H.] of ymagery
MS. Cos., worke all beinge of Alabaster set in the frontispice (French
peire, H. 45, C. ; French quire, L.) in theire seuerall places, the pictures beinge uerye curiously engrauen and gilt, and the Neuelles Crosse and bull head [for his Creast beinge, H. 45) sett uppon the height (on height, H. 45] and of either side of the 2 dores* in the sd french peire (quire, L. ; piere, C.] besides, and also in diuers other places of the french peire [which Feretory & French quire, L.; pierre, Dav.] was made at the charges of John Neuill, as may appeare at large in the historie of the church.
At the east end of St Cuthb: feretorie there was wrought uppon the height of the irons* towards the 9 altars uery fine candlesticks of iron like unto socketts wch had lights sett in them before day that euerye monke might haue the more light to see to read uppon their bookes at the sd 9 altars, when they said masse, and also to give light to all others that came thither to heare and see the diuine seruice.
MS. L., [The King of Scotts Ancient* and his Banner with the 1656. Lord Nevells Banner, and diverse other Noblemens
Ancients were all brought to St Cuthberts Feretorie, and there the said Lord Nevell, (after ye battel done* in moste solemne and humble manner, H. 45) did make his petition to God and that holy man St Cuthbert [to accept his offeringe, H. 45] and did offer the aforesaid Jewells and Banners [and ye holy rood crosse* wch was taken on ye Kinge of Scotts, H. 45] to the Shrine of that holy and blessed man St Cuthbert within the Feretorie ; [and soe after his orisons pformed to god and St Cuthb : he depted, H. 45) and there the said Banners and Ancients did stand, and hung untill the Suppression of the house : the Lord Nevells Banner staff was all writhen [wrought, H. 45] about with Iron [all wrythen* about with Iron, Ed. H.] from the midst upward, and did stand and was bound to the Irons on the North end of (6) the Feretorie and the King of Scotts Banner was bound to the midst of the said Irons [to ye Midst of ye ferritorie, H. 45] and did hang on [over, H. 45] the midst of the Alley of the Nine Altars, and was fastned wth a cord to a loup of Iron* being in a pillar under St Katherines Window in the East end of the Church, and
a little after the suppression of the house they were all MS. L., taken down, spoiled and defaced that the memory thereof 1656. should be clean taken away [obliterated, H. 45] being both a great honour unto the Realm, and decent Ornament unto the Church. L., C., Davies.] [& an honnor to the Realme beinge ye Ensignes & Trophies of ther great Victories,
(III.) The Quire. In the East end of the quire ioyninge uppon Si Cuthberts MS. Cos, feriture stood the high altar beinge the goodliest [& moste stately, H. 45] altar in all the church and a uerye rich thinge with many pretious and costly ornaments appertaininge to it both for euery principall day as also for euery! (of or La : H. 45, L., C., and Dav.] dayes betwixt the sd high altar and St Cuthberts feriture is all of [ye, H. 45] french peere uerye curiously wrought both of the inside and outside with faire images of Alabaster being most finely gilted beinge called in the antient history* the Laordose* the sd curious workmanshipp of french peere or Laordose reachinge in hight almost to the middle vault, * and containinge the breath of the quire in lengthe in the midst wherof right over2 the said hye altar were artificially placed in uery fine Alabaster the picture of our lady standinge in the midst, and the picture of St Cuthb: on the one side and the picture of St Oswald on the other beinge all richly gilded and at either end of the sd altar was a wande of iron fastened in the wall, wheron did hang curtaines or hanginges* of white silke dayly, the dayly ornaments that were hunge both before the altar and a boue were of red ueluett, wrought with great flowers of gold in imbroydered worke with many goodly pictures besides, beinge uerye finely gilted, but the ornaments for the principall feast wch was the assumption of our lady were all of white damaske all besett with pearle and pretious stones which made the ornaments more rich and gorgeous to behould. [Att eyther end was a place to keepe ye wch ornamts wch were of white Damaske and such like stuffe, H. 45).
1 A blank left here in Cos. MS.
2 MS. has “right on."
MS. Cos., Within the su quire ouer the high Altar did hang a rich
(7) and most sumptuous Cana pie for the Blessed sacrament to hang within it which had 2 irons fastened* in the french peere uery finely gilt wch held the canapie ouer the midst of the sd high Altar (that the pix did hange in it* that it could not moue nor stirr) wheron did stand a pellican* all of siluer uppon the height of the sd Canopie uerye finely gilded giuinge hir bloud to hir younge ones, in token that Christ did giue his bloud for the sinns of the world, and it was goodly to behould for the blessed sacrament to hange in, and a marueilous faire pix that the holy blessed sacrament did hange in wch was of most pure fine gold most curiously wrought of gold smith worke, and the white cloth* that hung ouer the pix was of uerye fine lawne all embroydered and wrought aboue [about, L., C.] with gold and red silke, And 4 great and round knopes of gold maruelous and cunningly wrought with great tassells of gold and redd silke hanginge at them, and at the 4 corners of the white lawne cloth. And the crooke that hung within the cloth that the pix did hang on was of gold and the cords that did draw it upp and downe was made of fine white strong silke. And when the monkes went to say or singe the high masse, they put on theire uestments [they were vested, H. 45] in the vestrye [Revestry, L., C., Dav.] both the epistoler and the gospeller* they were alwayes reuest in the same place, and when the office of the masse* began to be sung, the epistoler came out of the revestrie, and the other 2 monkes following him all 3 arow* at the south quire dore and there did stand to (vntill, H. 45] the gloria patri of the office of the masse* began to bee sunge, and then with great reuerence and deuotion they went all (three, L., C., Dav.] upp to the high Altar (and one of the uergers that kept the uestrie, did goe before them with a tipt staffe in his hand as it was his office so to doe) bowinge themselues most reuerently to the blessed sacrament of the Altar, the one on the on side of him that sd the masse and the other of the other side, also the gospeller (Epistler, H. 45] did carrye a maruelous faire booke which had the Epistles and Gospells in it, & did lay it on the altar the which booke had on the outside of the coueringe the picture of our sauiour