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c. 1600.

wthin this howse dyd ye m' therof keepe his o Sapie :* ones Roll, in the yeare, viz: Betwixt Martinmes and christinmes (a sollemne banquett* that ye por & couent dyd vse at ył tyme of ye yere onely) wher ther Banquett was of fige & reysinges aile & caikes and therof no supflwitie or excesse but a scholasticall and moderat congratulac'on amonges them selves. [and yt but a Very moderate one whowte supfluety, H. 45.]

(XLVI.) The Fermerye.* Wthin the fermery in onnder neth the mi of ye fernyes chamber* was a stronge presonne called ye lynghouse* [lyinge house, Cos.], ye wch was ordeyned for all such as weare greate offenders as yf any of ye Mounckes [& those wch were in holy orders, H. 45), had bene taiken wth any felony or in any adultrie he should haue syttin ther in psonne for ye space of one hole yere in chynes wthout any company, except ye m' of ye fermery sto see yt he were strictlye looked to accordinge to ye orders of ye house, H. 45] who did let downe there meate thorowgh a trap Dour* in a [great, Cos.] corde (being a great distance from them) [from those who were in the Prison, Dav.) Other companye had they none, yf any of ye temporall men, (officers, H. 45), pteyninge to ye said house had offended in any ye ýmissl aforesaid then weare they punyshed by ye temporall lawe. / [secular power, H. 45; temporary lawe, Cos.]

(76) (XLVII.) The gest hall.*

There was a famouse house of hospitallitie called ye geste haule wth in ye abbey garth of Durhm on ye weste syde towardes ye water, the Terrer of ye house being m" thereof as one appoynted to geue intertaynmt to all staite, both noble, gentle, and what degree so eư that came thether as strangers, ther interteynmt not being inferio? to any place in Ingland, both for ye goodnes of ther diete, the sweete & daintie furneture of there Lodgingl, & generally all thingl necessarie for traveillers. And wthall this interteynmt contynewing not willing or com

c. 1600.

Rell, anding any man to depte vpo his honest & good behavyo?:

this haule is a goodly brave place much like vnto ye body of a church wth verey fair pillers supporting yt* on ether syde and in ye mydest of ye haule a most large Raūge for ye fyer. The chambers & lodginges* belonging to yt weare most swetly keept, and so richly furnyshed that they weare not vnpleasant to ly in, especially one chamber called ye Kyngť chamber deservinge that name, in yt ye king him selfe myght verie well haue lyne in yt for ye princelynes therof: The victualls that sved ye said geiste came from ye great kitching of ye por, ye bread & beare from his pantrie and seller, yf they weare of hono? they weare 'sved as hono’ably as ye for him selfe, otherwise according to ther seưall callinges; The terrer had certaine mē appointed to wayte at his table, & to attend vpo all his geists and straungers, and for ther better intertaynmi he had eumore a hogsheade or two of wynes lying in a seller appertayninge* to the said haule to serve his geistl wthall.

The Prior (whose hospitallie [hospitality, MSS. and edd.] was soch as that there neaded no geist haule* but that they weare desyrouse to abound in all lyberall and fre almess geving) did keppe a moste hono’able house and verey noble intertaynem being attended vpo both wth gentlemē and yeomen of ye best in ye countrie as ye honorable 'svice of his house Deserved no less, the Benevolence therof* wth the releefe & almess of ye hole covent was alwaies oppen and fre not onely to the poore of ye Citie of Durhm but to all ye poore people of the countrie besides.

Also the lord Prior had two porters,* the one was the porter of his hall dour, (called Robert Smyth, interlined] and (77) the other was the porter of the usher dour as ye goe frome the greate chamber to ye churche (called Robert Clark, which two weare ye last porters to ye last por, added secunda manu ; in L., C.]

[The last Lo: Prior was Doctor Whitehead who after was the first Deane.

H. 45).

c. 1600.

(XLVIII. POOR CHILDREN. AGED WOMEN. The Roll,

FARMERY WITHOUT THE SOUTH GATES.) Ther weare certaine poor childrin onely maynteyned and releyved wth ye almesse & Benevolence of the whole house, wch weare cauled ye childrine of ye aumerey* going daily to ye fermy schole being all together mayntened by ye whole Covent with meate drynke and lerni'ge. [Ther was certayne poore children called ye children of ye MS. 11. 45,

c. 1655. Almery wch was brought vpp in learninge and mantayned wth the Almose of ye howse hauinge dyett in a lofte on ye North side of ye Abbey gates weh had a longe Porch over ye gates* and a stable vnder itt weh after ye suppression was turned into Mr. Steph: Marleys lodging\* & after converted to other vses. The sd children went to scoole to ye fermory chamber wthowte ye Abbey gates* wch was founded by ye Priors and mantayned att ther cost.

The last Schoole masters name was Sr Rob: Hartburne* weh was inioy.ned to say Masse 2 tymes in ye weeke, att Magdelens chappell* near Kepyer & once in ye weeke att Kimblesworth chappell.* They had ther meate from ye Novices table by the Clarke of the Covent owte att a windowe, where ye sd clerke did looke to them to see that they kept good order.

H. 45). There were certain poor children, called the children of the MS. L.,

1656. Almery who onely were maintained with learning, and relieved with the Almes, and benevolence of the whole house, having their meat and drink in a loft, on the North side of the Abbey gates, before the suppression of the said house, or Abbey, the wch loft had a long porch over the staire head, slated over, and at either side of the said porch or entry there was a stair to go up to it and a stable underneath the said Almery or loft, having a door and an Entry in under the stair head to go into the stable, which at the suppression of the house was appointed and became Mr Stephen Marleys lodging, then shortly after the suppression he altered it, and took down the porch and the two greeses went up to the said Almery or loft, and made his kitchin in under where the stable was, and his buttery where the said Almery or loft was above, and the said poor children went dayly to school to the Farmary school, with

MS. H, 45, out the Abbey gates, which school was founded by the Priors c. 1655.

of the said Abbey, and at the charges of the same house, the last school Mastr name was called Sr Robert Hartburne, who continued Master to the suppression of the house or Abbey, and also the said Master was bound to say Masse twice in the week at Magdalen Chappel nigh Keapyeare, and once in the week at a Chappel at Kimblesworth And also the meat and drink, that the aforesaid poor children had, was the meat that the Master of the Novices, and the Novices left, and reserved, and was carried in at a door adjoyning to the great kitchin window into a little vault in the West end of the Frater house like unto a pantry called the Covie,* which had a man that kept it called the Clarke of the Covie,' and had a window within it, where one or two of the Children did receive their meat and drink of the said Clarke, out of the (78) Covie or Pantry window so called, and the said children did carry it, to ye Almery or loft, which Clarke did wait upon them every mail, and to see

that they kept good order. (L., C., Dav.) Roll, Ther weare four aged women who lyved in the farmery c. 1600. wthout ye south gaitf* of ye abbey of Durhm

euy having ther seưall chamber to ly in, being founde and fedd onely wth ye releefe* that came from the priors owne meys [table, Cos.), in wch farmerie there was a chappell wher ye scholmaster of ye fermerye (And eyther ye Mr of ye fermery, H. 45), having his chamber & schoule aboue yt, or soume other preest for hime was ordeyned & appoynted to saye messe to* ye iiijor oulde womenne eưy holie daie and friday.

one

[XLVIIIA. The Steeple. The Steeple of this Cathedral, a stately Fabrick* is remarkable as well for its height as strength and just Architecture, having on the inside a Gallery of Stone Work a round it above the turn of the Arches of the Pillars upon which it is founded ; above which are eight long Windows two on each Front of the Steeple divided in the middle by a Cross bar of Stone, and glazed handsomly with plain Glass : Above the Windows on the out side is another

Gallery, and above that a superstructure having two
Windows on each Front; wherein hang eight melodious
Bells. In the eight Buttresses, on the sides of the lower
Windows, also in the Stone Work betwixt each Window,
are Niches containing the Statues of the Founders,
Protectors and Benefactors.

Upon the East Front of the Nine Altars* in two large
Buttresses on each side of the round Window are erected
Statues of William of KARILEPH the Bishop who began
the Foundation of the present Cathedral on the South side,
and on the North RANULPH FLAMBERD, who translated St.
CUTHBERT's Body into the same; the first in his Mitre and
Episcopal Habit, the other having his Head uncovered.
Hunter, 1733 ; Sanderson, 1767).

(XLIX.) Thes Beynge* Mounckes and officers* Roll,

c. 1600. within ye Abbey chirche of Durh`m and named

as followith. Dane Stephen Moley (Dom' Steph: Merley, H. 45 ; Don Steuen Morley, Cos.) ye Suppor* and maister of

the fratere. * The Supprio’e chamber was ou ye Dorter dour to thintent to heare that none should stir or go furth. And his office was to goe eủy nyghte* as a privy watch befor mydnyght & after mydnyght to euy Mounckes chamber and to caule at his chamber dour vpo him by his name, to se that none of them shold be lacking or stolen furth to goe about any kynde of vice or nowghtynes. Also ye supprio did sett alwaies in ye lofte amonge the mouncke at meite at ye tables end as cheefe amonge them, and to se that eủy mane did vse him selfe according to ye order yt he had taiken him to, he did alwaies say grace at dyn

supp, and after v: of ye clocke at nyght to se all ye dures as ye seller dur, the fratere dour, the fawden yettl* & ye cloister dures euy dur at nyghte to be Locked, and he keapt ye keyes of all thes foresaid dures all night vntill vij

· Always Dom', Dome, D'ne, and Domin', in H. 45; Dane in L., C. ; Don in Cos. and H. 44 ; Dom. or D. in Dav. ; D. in Hunter's editions, and Dr in Sanderson,

&

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