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county of York, which he recorded in one of its pages in the year 1655, “was borne at Nunburnholm, the tenth day of January 1595, and was baptized the 18th day following, his godfathers Mr. Mawburne of Holm in Spaldingmore, Mr. Longley near Pocklington, and Mrs. Percy of Harswell godmother”; and that on the 11th day of October, 1624, being then“ of the city of Yorke, Esqr. one of the gentlemen sewers to his late Majesty of famous memory Kinge Charles,” he married Annabella, eldest daughter of Charles Radclyffe of Threshfield, Esq., by whom he had three daughters. When the book came into Mr. Brathwaite's possession it contained much blank paper, which he has filled up with entries equally miscellaneouspedigrees of the Sovereigns of Europe, of the Emperors of Rome, biographical notices of Archbishops of York, and what more concerns us, a sparsim transcript of numerous portions of the Record, which is printed in its entire state in the following pages, together with many very valuable additions, bringing it down to his own time. It is to be regretted that portions of the document are here wanting. They were probably contained in “the ould booke” to which he refers (see p. 21 hereafter), and of which nothing is now known. Of this manuscript we have made much use under the reference H. 45.
IV. MS. Hunter, No. 44, Tract 10, upon paper, in quarto. This is the latest of our MS. authorities, and appears to have been written subsequently to the Restoration. It has furnished a few various readings referred to under H. 44 ; but it alone, says Raine's Surtees edition of 1844, contains an account of the painted windows which decorated the church of Durham at the time of its compilation. Appendix I, pp. 109-1 22.
In the present edition this description is printed from a much earlier copy in the Bodleian Library, MS. Rawlinson B. 300, C. 1603.
The MS. is a folio entitled "A booke of the
recordes of Duresme. A little treatise ... for the most part translated forth of Latine into English the first day of August Anno d'ni 1603. Anno regni regis Jacobi etc. primo.” On fo. 14v. begins :—“A discription of the histories," etc. The writing appears to be of about the above date.
MSS. C., H. 44, and Gough Durham 15 contain the same description as the Rawlinson MS. ; the differences among the MSS. are not of much importance.
V. MS. Lawson, referred to as L. This MS. belongs to Sir John Lawson, Bart., of Brough Hall, Catterick, and is a folio (1272 in. by 734), very clearly written in a book well bound in old calf, with book-plate of the arms of “ Sr Henry Lawson, BART.” The first 93 pages contain the whole of “Rites " not including the “ Histories in the Glass Windows." Then follows, on pp. 93 to 122, the tract on the Bishops of Durham, in English, printed by Allan in 1779; the remaining portion of the book, about two-thirds, is blank. A marginal note at the end of the written portion says that the translation of the tract on the Bishops was made in 1603, “And this Copy taken 1656.” As all the writing seems to be of the same date, we may assign 1656 as the date of the portion
“ Rites.” This MS. supplies us with all the passages that Dr. Raine took from Davies, not knowing of any MS. that contained them. These are now for the first time printed exactly as they stand in the Lawson MS. This MS. was used by Hutchinson.-See his Durham, II, 63n.
VI. MS. Cambridge, referred to as C., belongs to the Cambridge University Library, and is marked G G2 15. It is neatly written in a quarto volume containing 140 leaves of size 9 x 678 inches, on leaves 1-80, preceded by title, dedication, and table of contents. At the end, “Transcribed Jan : 31th 1660. p J: B.” The text is that of the Lawson MS., with slight verbal
differences. Leaves 81 to 83 are blank, then comes, on leaves 84-92, “ The History of some particuler windowes in the Cathedrall Church of Durham," much as in our Appendix and in MS. Hunter 44, but in a slightly abridged form. Leaves 93 to 121 contain, in English, under the heading “Origo Episcopatus Dunelmensis Anno Domini 1603," the tract printed by Allan in 1779. Leaves 129 to 130 are blank.
The collation is, "ix + 130 (+ f. 23*) 140 leaves.” It contains a fine book-plate commemorating the present of books made to the University by George I in 1715, on which present see Studies in Oxford History, O.H.S., 156. Both covers bear impressions in gold from a very fine stamp of the arms of Durham Cathedral, surrounded by a wreath of palm branches.
The dedication is as follows:
The Coppies of these two Treatises lighting into my hands accidentally, I counted it in pte, a Sinne of Omission, & negligence, to let them returne unsaluted, in the Coppying of wch, knowing yor worshipps delight, in Church order and Ornamts, did beleeue, yow would take much satisfaccion, in ye reading of them : Upon wch Consideration, I resolued to bestowe some houres, in ye transcribeing of ym, and so much ye more willingly, by how much the more I Psumed, ye through yor goodnes, yow would be so farre from denying the acceptance of it, that yow would rather cherish, ye weake endeauours of
yor Wor'pps most humble
J : B
Sr Gilbert Jerrard
Sir Gilbert Gerard was a son-in-law of Bishop Cosin.
British Museum, MS. Harl. 7047. A volume measuring 1134 by 772 inches. It contains, on ff. 146– 174, the whole of “Rites," including the passages that were printed from Davies in 1842, but not the separate description of “Glass Windows." Sir E. M. Thompson says that it is in the writing of Thomas Baker, the Cambridge antiquary, who was born at Lanchester and received his early education at Durham ; he was “socius ejectus" and historian of St. John's College, and died in 1740. The following is a copy of his note in the MS. :
copy from which this was taken had been writt by an unskilful scribe and therefore is often lame or faulty in the punctuation and sometime in the sense, especially where he quotes in Latin. The author's name does not appear but the collection was made an. 1593 and it is not improbable that George Bates the last Register of the house was the Author, of which there are some intimations in the collection itself."
He has, however, adopted the extraordinary misreading “Deribitory” in ch. xxxvi.
The Society is under great obligation to the Dean and Chapter of Durham, to the Trustees of Bishop Cosin's Library, to Sir John Lawson, and to the University of Cambridge, for permission to make use these manuscripts.
A note by Dr. Hunter, in the margin of MS. Cosin (p. 54, note 2), refers to another MS. in the possession of a Mrs. Milner, which, if existing, has not been identified.
A considerable portion of the Record here presented to the Society and to the public was published in a curtailed and modernized shape, by John Davies, of Kidwelly, in the year 1672, in a volume of the duodecimo
size, under the following title : “ The Ancient Rites, and Monuments of the Monastical, & Cathedral Church of DURHAM, Collected out of Ancient Manuscripts, about the time of the Suppression. Published by J. D. of Kidwelly. Tempora mutantur-London, Printed for W. Hensman at the King's Head in Westminster-Hall, M. DC. LXXII." In the Dedication, dated London, October 4, 1671, “to my much honoured friend, James Mickleton, of the Inner Temple, Esqr.,” Davies speaks of his obligations to “a famous native of Durham, his early friend and patron, John Hall," who was brother-in-law to Mickleton by marriage ; and it is probable that from this person he received his manuscript. Hall was
a poet, and died young; having been a contemporary of Davies at St. John's College, Cambridge. Of Davies himself, and his various writings, a full account is given by Wood (Athen. Oxon., II, col. 902, second edition, 17211). His publication of the little volume now engaging our attention brought upon him and his book the following unmerited attack from "a severe Calvinist, and afterwards a Bishop," whose name Wood has withheld 2:—“Liber hic omnino apochryphus uvoapıás et Legendæ putidæ plurimum, vero historiæ (praxi et cultu monachorum superstitioso exceptis) parum habet, adeo ut mirari subit, inscitiam ejus qui edidit, et negligentiam (veritati et ecclesiæ Anglicanæ damnosam) qui prælo permisit.”
It seems evident that Davies curtailed his manuscript and modernized its spelling and language. The slightest comparison between his book and even the later of our two
· Also in the Dictionary of National Biography.
2 See pp. 161-2, on this attack. This attitude towards antiquarian pursuits long continued. Bishop Warburton spoke of “ the Antiquarian, who delights to solace himself in the benighted days of Monkish owl-light.” Warburton, Charge to the Clergy of the Diocese of Gloucester, Works (1811), IX, 376, a. 1779. There are, perhaps, even now, some whose sentiments would be in harmony with those of the learned prelate,