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the world without distinction of race and color, but it is also an open violation of articles five and six of the “ Burlingame Treaty" of 1869, wherein the United States of America and the Emperor of China, recognizing the inherent and inalienable right of voluntary expatriation, and the mutual advantage of free migration and emigration of their citizens from one country to the other, for purposes of curiosity, trade, or permanent residence, pledge to such emigrants the enjoyment of the same privileges, immunities, or exemptions in respect to travel and residence as are enjoyed by citizens or subjects of the most favored nation.

The President therefore very properly vetoed the bill, March 2d, 1879, and the House of Representatives wisely re

that you prevent the immigration of any more Germans to this country, because they will drink lager, go on Sunday excursions, save their money, and are buying up all the land in the country.

ROBERT MACGREGOR,
HUGH MACDOUGAL,
SANDY MACPHERSON,

and 1000 others. To Yer Honers the Mimbers of Congress :

We the unthersigned citizens of the United States of Amerikie respectfully petition you to tack into the “Haythen Chinee" bill the white nagers or Ratalians that are coming over here in dhroves and working ten or twilve hours a day for nothin' at all at all, and boarding thimselves at that. Now what can an honest man do to airn a dacent livin' if you don't put a stop to it ?

PATRICK O'REILLY,
MICHAEL MCDERMOTT,
WM. JAMES O'SULLIVAN,

and 1000 others.

CONGRISHMAN : Vot for you no schtop dem Irishman shust de same mit Schineman? He drinks up all de viskey like nothings, votes every time all day long, and makes drubles mit us, And it is shust so easy mit de needle in de camels' eye ash to have de behind vordt mit the Irishman. JACOB ROERHAUSEN,

HANS BUMGARTEN,
PETER VON STEINBURGER,

and many others. To Ze Grand Congress.

SHENTLEMEN: If you vill keeps out of ze countarie, all ze Germans, all ze Irish, all ze Anglasie, wis all ze, ze-vat you calls him-Shine-mans and evra boda but ze Frenchmans, you vill have one magnifishant Republic.

!

Louis Du Boise,
PAUL COGNAC.

fused to pass it over his veto.

Thus the national honor was saved from disgrace, and the wisdom of the veto power confided in the Executive, which guards the right of individual conscience, has received a striking illustration by showing that the President with the veto may better represent the national sentiment than a Congress of politicians attempting to outbid each other for a party advantage.

A wholesale immigration of heathen Mongolians for permanent residence might indeed endanger the Christian civilization of America, and would justify a modification or abrogation of the treaty by mutual consent of the two governments. But the experience of 1877 and 1878 does not justify such an apprehension, but the probability that the emigration from Asia will decrease rather than increase.

It is gratifying that the Christian sentiment of all denominations, as far as it has been manifested during the recent agitation in petitions and religious newspapers, has been strongly against the bill of Congress and in favor of the President's veto. How could it be otherwise ? The instincts of the Christian heart are always in favor of peace and good will toward men. A law like the one proposed by Congress would have been a fatal blow to Christian missions among the Chinese now residing in America, and probably also in China itself, by provoking measures of retaliation. The only way to Christianize them is kind treatment. .

The missionary efforts which have been made by various churches among the Chinese in the Pacific States are by no means discouraging, if we consider the wide-spread prejudice against them. There are flourishing Chinese mission schools in San Francisco and Oakland, numbering, it is said, over three thousand attendants. I had never more attentive listeners than when I addressed one of them a year ago. A Presbyterian pastor at Oakland told me that he had in his large church for several years fifteen Chinese converts, who during all that time had led as consistent a Christian life as any equal number of American members. It is supposed that about one thousand Chinamen have been converted. Besides, two hundred Chinese youths are educated at the expense of their government in various American institutions, and show remarkable aptitude for learning

The providential design in the Chinese immigration seems to be the same as in the involuntary importation of the African slaves : it looks towards the extension of Christ's kingdom and the salvation of men. The conversion of Chinese immigrants, most of whom will return, is the entering wedge for the conversion of that immense empire, which numerically represents more than one fourth of the population of the globe.

PHILIP SCHAFF.

The following articles are published from the office of the

PRINCETON REVIEW, 37 Park Row, New York, and can be obtained from all Booksellers and Newsdealers at Five Cents each :

I.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT: AT HOME AND ABROAD, JULY, ’79.

ROBERT P. PORTER, Esq., Chicago.

2.

THE PULPIT AND POPULAR SKEPTICISM,

MAR., '79.

Rev. PHILLIPS BROOKS, D.D., Boston.

Nov., '78.

3. THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF SCIENCE,

Principal DAWSON, F.R.S., D.C.L., McGill University, Montreal,

4.

FORCE, LAW, AND DESIGN,

MAY, '79.

President PORTER, D.D., LL.D., Yale College.

5.

AMERICAN ART: ITS PROGRESS AND PROSPECTS, MAY, '78.

JOHN F. WEIR, N.A., School of Fine Arts, Yale College.

6. FINAL CAUSE: M. JANET AND PROF. NEWCOMB, . Mar., '79.

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THE ANGLO-CATHOLIC MOVEMENT,

SEPT., '78. The Right Rev. the LORD BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL.

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THE EUROPEAN EQUILIBRIUM,

Nov., '78. THEODORE D. WOOLSEY, D.D., LL.D., Ex-President of Yale College.

16.

CHRISTIANITY IN THE UNITED STATES,

SEPT., '79.

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PHILIP SCHAFF, D.D., LL.D., Union Theol. Seminary,

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