Obrázky na stránke

Aithe creation the original of mankind was in two persons, law, and is applied to the forcible taking away of

But in this kind, to come in brauing armes, but after the flood, their propagation issued at least from six; a wife or child; and to common kidnapping.

Be his owne carver, and cut out his way, against this we might very well set the length of their lives

To find out right with wrongs-it may not be before the flood, which were abbreviated after, and in half If beholding a candle, we protrude either upward or And you that doe abett him in this kind this space contracted into hundreds and threescores. downward the pupil of one eye, and behold it with one, it Cherish rebellion, and are rebels all. Brown. Vulgar Errours, b.vi. c. 6. will then appear but single ; nd if we abduce the eye unto

Shakespeare. Rich. II. Act ii. sc. 3. This book was composed after two old examples of the

either corner, the object will not duplicate. same kind, in the times of Ethelbert and Alfred, and was

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 20.

I am not ignorant that Cicero, in defence of his own na

tion, tells vs, our people, by defending their associates, laid up as sacred in the church of Winchester; and for that The other remaining offence, that of kidnapping, being became masters of the world; but I would willingly be inreason, as graver authors say, was called Liber Domus Dei, the forcible abduction or stealing away of a man, woman, formed, whether or no, they did not often set their associutes and by abbreviation, Domesday Book.

or child, from their own country, and sending them into to complaine without a cause, or abet them in vnjust qriar. Sir Wm. Temple. An Introduction to the Hist. of Eng. another, was capital by the Jewish law.

rels.-Hakewill. Apologie, p. 452.

Blackstone. Com. b. iv. c. 15. A'BCEDARY, ABCEDARIAN, or Abbecedarian, a term applied to those compositions whose parts ABE'AR, v.) See Bear. Applied to

I would represent unto his Majesty, that when the prin

cipal reason of their excuse should cease, namely, these are disposed in alphabetical order; also to a teacher


ABE'ARYNG. The bearing or carriage, de- fresh stirrings so near them, which seemed to require their of the rudiments of learning. portment, conduct, or behaviour.

abetment, then they would give us more particular satisfacThis (communication is pretended from the sympathy

The noun Abearyng has been succeeded in mo

tion.-Reliquia Wottonianæ, p. 542. of two needles touched with the saine loadstone, and placed dern writers on English law by Abearance. See Yet Christian laws allow not such redress; in the center of two abecedary circles or rings with letters Blackstone, b. iv. c. 18.

Then let the greater supersede the less. described round about them, one friend keeping one and

But let th' abetters of the panther's crime another the other, and agreeing upon the hour wherein Vpon assurance takyn of the said Hunyldus, that there

Learn to make fairer wars another time. they will communicate.-Brown. Vulgar Ertours, b. ii. c. 3. after he shulde be of good aberynge to warde the kyng, he

Dryden. Hind and the Panther, pt. 3. clerely forgaue vnto hym all his former offence. Moses received the first alphabetarie letters in the table

Fabyan. Cronycles, c. 154. That which demands to be next considered is happiness; of the Decalogue: and from the Hebrues the Phænicians. Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. i. c. 17. So did the Faery Knight himself abeare,

as being in itself most considerable ; as abetting the cause And stouped oft, his head from shame to shield:

of truth; and as being indeed so nearly allied to it, that When he (Thomas Parnabie) landed in Cornwall, his No shame to stoupe, ones head more high to reare,

they cannot well be parted. distresses made him stoop so low, as to be abcedarian, And much to gaine, a little for to yield:

Wollaston. Religion of Nature, sec. 2. and several were taught their horn-books by him. So stoutest knights doen oftentimes in field.

Would you, when thieves are known abroad,
Wood. Athene Oxonienses.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 12. Bring forth your treasures in the road ?
A'BDICATE, v. Fr. Abdiquer; It. Abdi-

Would not the fool abet the stealth,
ABE'CHED. Abeched (says Skinner), seems
ABDICA'tion. care; Sp. Abdicar;

Who rashly thus exposed his wealth ?
Lat. (from the context) to be-satisfied: from the

Gay. Fables, pt. ii. Fab. 12. A'BDICANT. dirn, right,) to go from a right. as birds feed their young by inserting their beak.

ABHOʻR, v. Fr. Abhorrer ; It. Abborrire ; To go from, quit or leave, put away from, or Abbecher. To feed as birds do their young ;

ABHO'rrence. Sp. Abhorecer; Lat. Ab-horrcre. deprive of, that which has been possessed by law to put into the mouth of.” Cotgrave.

ABHOʻRRENT. See HORROUR. Met. or right.

ABHO'RRER. To dislike or detest, to loath, To resign, to disclaim, to renounce, to dispossess.

But might I getten as ye tolde,
So mochel, that my lady wolde

to disdain, to abominate. O Saviour, it was ever thy manner to call all men unto

Me fede with hir gladde semblaunt,
Though me lacke all the remenaunt:

But sins so great is thy delight to here
thee: when didst thou ever drive any one from thee? nei-
ther had it been so now, but to draw them closer unto thee,
Yet shoulde I somdele ben abeched,

Of our mishaps and Troyès last decay: whom thou seemest for the time to abdicale. And for the tyme well refresshed.--Gower. Con. A. b.v.

Though to record the same my minde abhorres,

And plaint eschues: yet thus wil I begyn. Bishop Hall. Contemp. Walke upon the Waters. ABE'D, a. On bed. (See Bed.)

Surrey. Virgile, b. ii. 28th Jan. 1688 1689.- At length the house came to this grand resolution :---Resolved, That king James the second, Some radde, that hii ssoide wende in at on hepe,

For he that rayleth agaynste an other man's faultes having endeavoured to subvert the constitution of the king

To habbe inome hom vnarmed, and some abedde aslepe. appeareth fyrste of all to abhorre from those vices, whiche dom, by breaking the original contract between king and

R. Gloucester, p. 547. he misliketh in others.-U dall. Erasmus. St. James, c. 4. people, and, by the advice of Jesuits, and other wicked Hir kyrtell, and hir mantell eke.

King. I may perceiue persons, having violated the fundamental laws, and having Abrode vpon his bedde he spredde;

These cardinals trifle with me: I abhorre withdrawn himself out of this kingdom, has abdicaled the And thus thei slepen both a bedde. --Gower. Con. A. b.v.

This dilatory sloth, and trickes of Rome. government, and that the throne is thereby become vacant. The sullen night had her black curtain spread,

Shakespeare. Henry VIII. Act il.
Parliamentary History. An. 1688-9.

Lowring that day had tarried up so long,
Grotius himself, and all the authors that treat of this
And that the morrow might lie long abed,

Be gentle graue vnto me, rather on Nylus mudde matter, and the nature of it, do agree, that if there be any She all the heav'n with dusky clouds had hung.

Lay me starke-nak'd, and let the water-flies word or action, that doth sufficiently manifest the inten

Drayton. Barons' Wars, b. iii.

Blow me into abhorring; rather make

My countries high pyramides my gibbet,
tion of the mind and will to part with his office, that will
amount to an abdication or renouncing.-Id.
Delight is layd abedd; and pleasure, past;

And hang me vp in chaines.
No sunne now shines; clouds han all overcast.

Id. Ant. and Cleo. Act v. sc. 2. It may be farther observed, that parents were allowed to

Spenser. Shepherd's Calendar.

He who wilfully abstains from marriage, not being super. he reconciled to their children, but after that could never Howbeit he (Lycurgus) advised her to go her full time, naturally gifted; and he who, by making the yoke of marriage abdicate them again.---Potter. Antiq. of Greece, b. iv. c. 15. and to be brought abed in good order, and then he would unjust and intolerable, causes men to abhor it, are both in a Great Pan, who wont to chase the fair,

find means enough to make away the child that should diabolical sin, equal to that of Antichrist, who forbids to And lov'd the spreading oak, was there; be born.---North. Plutarch, p. 34.

marry.--Milton. Tetrachordon. Old Saturn too, with upcast eyes, Beheld his abdicated skies.

ABE'RRANCE. Lat. Ab-errare, to stray or We see in many cases, that time and calmer consideraAddison. To Sir Godfrey Kneller.

ABERRA'TION, wander from. A wandering tlons, together with different customs, which, (like the tide The mortification of unreasonable desires, the suppression

from. See To ERR.

or flood) insensibly prevail over both manners and minds of

men; do oft take off the edge and keenness of men's spirits of irregular passions, the loving and blessing our enemies,

Applied to the errors or mistakes of the mind ; against those things, whereof they soinetimes were great the renouncing worldly vanities and pleasures, the re- Words neither much used, nor much wanted. abhorrers.-Bp. Taylor. Artif. Hands. p. 134. joicing in afllictions, the voluntary abdication of our estates in some cases, yea, exposing life itself to inevitable hazard For though there were a fatality in this year, [" the great

Then wanton fulness vain oblivion brought, and loss, are not chimerical propositions of impossible per- climactrical year, that is, sixty-three") yet divers were,

And God, that made and sav'd thee, was forgot : formances; but duties really practicable.

and others might be out in their account, aberring several While gods of foreign lands, and rites abhorr'd, Barrow. Ser. vol. iii. 8.2. wayes from the true and just compute, and calling that one To jealousies and anger mov'd the Lord.

Parnell. Gift of Poetry. What is all righteousness that men devise ?

year, which perhaps might be another. What, but a sordid bargain for the skies?

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 12.

That which constitutes an object of contempt to the maleBut Christ as soon would abdicate his own,

And therefore they not only swarm with errors, but vices volent, becomes the object of other passions to a worthy and As stoop from heav'n to sell the proud a throne.

depending thereon, Thus they commonly affect no man good-natured nian: for, in such a person, wickedness and Couper. Truth.

any further than he deserts his reason, or complies with vice must raise hatred and abhorrence. The consequences drawn from these facts (namely, that their aberrancies.-Id. Ib. b. i. c. 3.

Fielding. Covent Garden Journal, No. 61. they amounted to an abdication of the government; which abdication did not affect only the person of the king him

So, then we draw near to God, when, repenting us of our Yet from Leonidas, thou wretch, inur'd self, but also of all his heirs, and rendered the throne abso

former aberrations from him, we renew our covenants with To vassalage and baseness, hear. The pomp, lutely and completely vacant) it belonged to our ancestors him.-Bishop Hall. Sermon. James iv. 8.

The arts of pleasure in despotic courts

I spurn abhorrent. In a spotless heart to determine.--Blackstone. Con. b. i. c. 3.

ABE'T, v.
D. Boeten, betteren ; Ger. Bes-

I look for pleasure.--Glover. Leonidas, b. X.
ABDO'MINOUS. Lat. Abdomen : the part Abe't, n. seren; A. S. Betan, (meliorare,
of the body covered (Abditum, Vossius).

ABE'TMENT. melius reddere, says Skinner.) | tion, so abhorrent to our stricter principles, was received

This legal, and, as it should seem, injudicious profanaDaniel eat pulse by choice---example rare !

ABETTER. To better, to make better. Ap- with a very faint murmur, by the easy nature of polytheisit, Heav'n bless'd the youth, and made him fresh and fair. plied to the encouraging, inciting, assisting, sup

Gibbon. Roman Enupire, c. 3. Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan, porting, aiding, causing to beat, or become better.

Wherever the church and court party prevailed, addresses Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan. And thus

were framed, containing expressions of the highest regard Cowper. Progress of Error.

To better, to aid, assist, support--the designs of. to his Majesty, the most entire acquiescence in his wisdom, ABDU'CE, v. 2 Lat. Abducere, ( Ab-ducere,)

the most dutiful submission to his prerogative, and the ABDU'CTION. I am thine Eme, the shame were to me

deepest abhorrence of those who endeavoured to encroach. As wel as the, if that I should assent

upon it, by prescribing to him any time for assembling the To draw, bring, or take away from; to withdraw.

Through mine abet yt he thine honour shent.

parliament. Thus the nation came to be distinguished into

An. 1680. The noun is much used by writers on English

Chaucer. Troilus, b. Ü. fol. 159. 1 petitioners and abhorrers.-Hume. England.

} to lead from.

[ocr errors]

ABI'DE. A. S. Abidan, Bidan; D. Bey- Quene of the regne of Pluto, derke and lowe,

ABJU'RE, v. Fr. Abjurer ; It. Abjurare ;

Goddesse of maydens, that min herte hast knowo
den, to bide.
Ful many a yere, and wost what I desire,

ABI'DING. To stay, or remain; to delay, to As kepe me fro thy vengeance and thin ire,

(Ab jurare,) to swear from, to forswear. See the
ABO'DE. tarry, to dwell, to continue, to wait, That Atteon aboughte cruelly.

quotation from Hobbs,
ABI'DANCE. to expect. To stay under, or sup-

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2305.

To swear-

port; to bear up against, or endure, with forti So goth he forthe, and toke his leue,

To go away from, or leave: to disown, to dis-
tude, good temper, kindness, hope, or the reverse. And thought anone, as it was eue,

claim, to renounce (upon oath).

He wolde doone his sacrilege,
He fley in to the yle of Tenet, he no dorste abide no ner. That many a man shuld it abedge.--Gower. Con. A. b.v. But now was he so obstinate, that he woulde not abiure of

R. Gloucester, p. 122.
Full ofte er this it hath be seine

lög time. And dyuers daies wer his iudges fayn of their

fauour to geue hym with sufferance of some his best frendes,
The other were of hem y war, and garkede hem in here The comen people is ouerleyne,

and who he most trusted to resort into him. And yet
And hath the kyngos synno abought,

scantly could al this make him submitte himself to make
And lette arme here ost wel, batail forto abyde.

Allthough the people agilte nought.--10. b. vii.
Id. p. 153.

hys abiuracion.-Sir T. More. Works, p. 214.

Which when his brother saw, fraught with great griefe In this season were banished out of Southwarke XII
And the othir day he entride into Cesarie, and Cornelie And wrath, he to him leaped furiously,
ahood hem with his cosyns and necessarie frendis that

Scottes, whiche had dwelt there a long season, and wer

And fouly said, by Mahoune, cursed thiefe,
weren clepid togidre. -Wiclif. The Dedis of Apostlis, c. 10.

That direfull stroake thou dearely shalt aby.

conueied frö parishe to parishe by the constable, like men

yt had abiured the realme, and on their vttermost garment
Lyue sobreli and iustli and piteuousli in this world,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. viii.

a white crosse before and another behynd them.
shidynge the blessid hope ad the comyng of the greet Bar. Fool-hardy knight, full soon thou shalt aby

Hall. Chrort. Hen. VIII. an. 14.
God, and of our Sauyour loss wrist. -Il. T'yte, c. 2.
This fond reproach, thy body will I bang.

Por euen now
For men schulen wete arlo for drede, and abidynge that

Beaum.&Fletch, Knight of the Burning Pestle, Act iii. sc. I. I put my selfe to thy direction, and
schulen come to al the world.-12. Luk. c. 21.

De. Disparage not the faith thou dost not know,

Vnspeake mine own detraction. Heere abjure

The taints and blames I laide vpon my selle
Do grete diligence (saith Salomon), in keping of thy
Lest to thy perill thou abide it deare.

For strangers to my nature.
frendes, and of thy good name, for it shal lenger abide with
Shakespeare. Mid. Night's Dream, Act iii. sc. 2.

Shakespeare. Mac. Act iv. sc. 3.
thee, than any tresor, be it never so precious.

ABJE'CT, v. Fr. Abject; It. Abjetto; Lat. Did not one of them rather leave his inmost coat behind
Chaucer. The Tale of Milebeus.

A'BJECT, adj.
Abject-um, past part

. of ab- him, than not be quit of thee? Did not another of them
He (Giovanni Pietro Pugliano) said, “Soldiers were the A'BJECT, n.

deny thee, yea abjure thee? And yet thou saycst, Go tell

jicere, ( Ab-jacere,) to cast, or
noblest estate of mankind, and horsemen the noblest of

my brethren !-Bp. Hall. Contemp. The Resurrection.

soldiers." He said, “They were the masters of war, and

throw away from; to cast

Ph. And what is abjuration ?
ornaments of peace, speedy goers, and strong abiders."


La. When a clerk heretofore was convicted of felony, he
Sidney. Defence of Poesy, p.1. A'BJECTLY.

Abject, v. To cast away, to might have saved his life by abjuring the realm ; that is, by

The pacient abyding of thu righteous shall be turned to

cast off or out, to cast down. departing the realm within a certain time appointed, and

taking an oath nerer to return.

The nouns, adjective, and adverbs, have a con-
gladnesse, but the hope of the vngodly shall perish.

Hobbs. A Dialogue of the Common Laws.
Bible. Lond. 1539. Prov. c. 10. sequent application to that which is

And thereupon [he] took the oath in that case provided,

Base, lowly, servile, worthless, despicable, mean,
There he made his abode fortye dayes and as many

viz. that he abjured the realm, and would depart from thenco
nightes, still continuing in prayer and fastyng.

forthwith, at the port that should be assigned him, and
Udal. St. Marke, c. 1.
The duches desiring to knowe whiche waye lady Fortune

would never return without leave from the king.
Aut. I cannot tell, good Sir, for which of his vertues it turned her whele, herynge hym to be repudiate and abiected

Blackstone. Com. b. iv. c. 26.
was, but hee was certainly whipt out of the court.

oute of the Frenche courte, was in a greate agony, and muche A Jacobite, who is persuaded of the pretender's right to
Clo. His vices you would say: there's no vertue whipt amased, and more appalled.-Hall. Hen. VII. an. 7. the crown, cannot take the oath of allegiance; or, if he could,
out of the court: they cherish it to make it stay there ; and

For that offence only [disobedience) Almighty God abjected renunciation of all opinions in favour of the claim of the

the oath of abjuration follows, which contains an express
yet it will no more but abide,
Shakespeare, Winter's Tale, Act iv. sc. 2.

Saul, that he shulde no more reigne ouer Israel.
Sir T. Elyol. The Governorr, c. 1.

exiled family.---Paley. Moral Philosophy, b. iii. c. 18.
Lor. Sweete friends; your patience for my long abode ;-

ABLACTATION. Lat. (of the lower age,)
John the apostle, was now of late in a certaine yle of Licia
Not I, but my affaires have made you wait.
Id. Merchant of Venice, Act ii. sc. 6.

called Pathmos, exiled for the gospel-preaching, and made Ablactatus. (Ab-lacte, depulsus), driven from the

a vile abject for testifying the name and word of Jesus Christ milk : applied (formerly) met. to a mode of
When all the earth shall melt into nothing, and the seas the onely Saviour of the world.
scald their finny labourers; so long is his abidance (in pur-

Bale. Image of both Churches. grafting. See the quotation,
gatory]. - The Puritan, Act ii. sc. T.

The audacite and bolde speche of Daniel signifyeth the

Grafting by approach or ablactation is to be performed

when the stock you would graft on, and the tree from which
Abating all the rueful consequences of abiding in sin, abiection of the kynge and his realme.

you would take your graft, stand so near together that they
abstracting from the desperate hazards it exposeth us to in

Joye. The Exposicion of Daniel, c. 5.

may be joined.--Miller. Gardener's Dict. In v. Grafting.
regard to the future life, it is most reasonable to abandon it.

Jesus calleth the home frõ this affeccion, to ye contem-
Barrow. Ser. vol. iii. s. 17. placio of his lowe state of abieccio in this world.

ABLAQUEATION. Lat. Ablaqueatio: from
When he, whom e'en our joys provoke,

Udal. Luke c. 9. fol. 296. Ablaqueare, to dig about and lay bare the roots of
The fiend of nature, join'd his yoke,

Christ for the time of his pilgrimage here was a most

Evelyn affected such Latinisms.
And rush'd in wrath to make our isle his prey,

poore man, abiccting and casting off all worldly rule and Now is the time for ablaqueation, and laying bare the
Thy form, from out thy sweet abode,

honour.-State Trials. 2 Rich. II. 1388. Abp. York. roots of old, unthriving, and over-hastily blooming trees ,
O'ertook him on his blasted road,

stirring up new-planted grounds, as directed in March.

The damzell straght went, as she was directed
And stopp'd his wheels, and look'd his rage away.

Evelyn. The Gardener's Alm. October.
Collins. Ode to Mercy.

Vnto the rock; and there, vpon the soile
Hauing herselfe in wretched wise abjected,

Ablaqueation now profitable, and to visit the roots of olu
ABI'E, is very variously written. By Chaucer, Gan weepe and waile, as if great griefe had been affected. trees, purge the sickly, and apply fresh mould.

Id. November,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 9. st. 9.
Abegge, Abeye, Abie; which Tyrwhitt says is Saxon,
and means “ To suffer for." In Piers Plouhman,
Oh noble Lord, bethinke thee of thy birth;

ABLATION? Fr. Ablation ; Lat. Ablatio :
Abegge. In Gower, Abeie, Abedge, Abidge. In
Call home thy ancient thoughts from banishment,

A'BLATIVE. } from Ablatum, (See COLLATF,)
And banish hence these abiect lowlie dreames :
Chaucer, are found the participles Abying, Abien, Looke how thy seruants do attend on thee,

taken from
Abought. And in Gower, also, Abought. Skinder Each in his office readie at thy becke.

A taking away, or depriving.
adopts the verb, To buy (in preference to the

Shakespeare. Tam. of Sh. Act i. sc. 3. Ablative, that can or may take away.
A.S. Abid-an, to abide), as the more simple etymo- We are the queene's abjects, and must obey.

Prohibition extends to all injustice, whether done by
logy. In Shakespeare (infra), Abide, thus, should

Id. Rich. IIT. Act i. sc. 3.

force, or fraud; whether it be by ablation, or prevention,
be Aby:

Or in this abject posture have ye sworn

or detaining of rights; any thing, in which injury is done
In all the examples following, “buy or pay for,
T'adore the conqueror? who now beholds

directly or obliquely to our neighbour's fortune.
Cherub and seraph rolling in the flood

Bp. Taylor. Great Exemplar, p. 2, $ 37.
dearly, cruelly, sorely," appears to be the meaning. With scatter'd arms and ensigns.

But where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, abla-
Turne we thiderward, and delyuer our prisons,

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. i. tive directions are first needfull to unteach error, ere we
And so it may betide, thei salle dere abie

But is it credible, that the very acknowledgment of our

can learne truth.
My [mine) that thei hide, my men in prison lie.
owne unworthinesse to obtain, and in that respect our pro-

Bp. Hall. Sermon. The Deceit of Appearance.
R. Brunne, p. 159. fessed fearfulnesse to aske any thing, otherwise than onely A'BLE, v.

Goth. 'Abal, strength: and
Ac for the lesynge that thow Lucifer, lowe til Eve for his sake to whom God can deny nothing; that this should A'BLE, adj.

hence the Lat. terminations in
Thow shalt abygge bitere quath God, and bond hymn with
be termed basenesse, abjection of mind, or servilitie-is it

credible ?-Hooker. Ec. Pol, b. v. $ 47.

bilis, and our own in ble. See
cheynes.--Piers Plouhman, p. 363.

Ther dorste no wight hond upon him legge,
It abjected his (Wolsey's) spirit to that degree, that he fell

ABILITY. To give force, power, strength;
That he ne swore he should anon abegge.

dangerously sick: such an influence the troubles and sorrows
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3936.
of his mind had upon his body.

A'BLY. to strengthen, to empower; and,
Strype. Memorials, b. i. c. 15.

as we now say, to enable.
Ye fathers, and ye mothers eke also,
Though ye han children, be it on or mo,
To what base ends, and by what abject ways,

The verb, to able, appears to have been in as
Your is the charge of all hir surveance,

Are mortals urg'd, through sacred lust

of praise ! common usage in ancient writers, as to enable is
While that they ben under your governance.

Pope. Essay on Criticism. in modern, and with similar applications.
Beth ware, that by ensample of your living,

Nor did he sooner see the hoy approaching the vessel than Hable and Hability are in the old writers as
Or by your negligence in chastising,
That they ne perish: for I dare wel saye,

he ran down again into the cabin, and, his rage being per- commonly found as able and ability.
If that they don, ye shul it dere abeye.
fectly subsided, he tumbled on his knees, and a little too

That if God willinge to schewe his wraththe, and to mako
abjectly implored for mercy.
Id. The Docloures Tale, v. 12034.

Fielding. Voyage to Lisbon. his power knowun, hath suffrid in greet pacience vessels of

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

wraththe able into deeth, to schewe the richessis of his | Dort, call the decree of God, whereby he hath appointed, in name, which in Latine is called Felix, and in our English

glorie into vessels of merci whiche he made redi into glorie. and by Christ to save those that repent, believe and perse- tongue, Happie.Stow. Chronicle. East Angles.

Wiclif. Romayns, c. 9. vere, Decretum annunciatioum, &c.-Id. Via Media.

What strange ominous abodings and fears do many times

For no doute to dreade to offende God, and to loue to


please him in all thing quyckeneth and sharpeneth all the

Fr. Ablution; It. Abluzione : on a sudden seize upon men, of certain approaching evils,

wittes of Christes chosen people: and ableth them so to Sp. Ablucion ; Lat. Ablutio : from abluere, (Ab- where-of at present there is no visible appearance,

Bp. Bull. Horks, ii. 489.

grace, they joye greatly to withdrawe heir eares, and luere,) to wash from.
all their wittes and membres frome all worldly delyte, and

A washing off or away from; cleansing, purifying. ABOʻLISH, v.
from all fleschly solace.

Fr. Abolir; It. Abolire ;
Ablution is enumerated in B. Jonson's Alchemist

State Trials. 8 Hen. IV. 1407. William Thorpe.

Sp. Aboler ;

Lat. Abolere;
as one of the vexations of metals.

ABOLI'TION. Gr. Ολεω, ολλυμι, to hurt,

God tokeneth and assigneth the times abling hem to her

ABOLITIONIST, n. to destroy.

See Vossius,

proper offices.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. fol. 215.

There is a natural analogy between the ablution of the Perizonius, on Sanctius.
And ye my ladies that ben trew and stable,

body and the purification of the soul.
By way of kind ye ought to ben able,

Bp. Taylor. Worthy Communicant. To destroy, to deprive of power; to annul, to
To haue pity of folke that ben in paine,

So because the common way of making a people holy,

abrogate; to annihilate.
Now haue ye cause to cloth you in sable.

Abolitionist is a modern word, lately of frequent
was to adopt them into the protection of a tutelary God;
Id. The Complaint of Mars, fol. 326. and of rendering particulars clear, was by ablutions and use.
All our abilitie or sufficiencie commeth of God. And so other cathartic rites ; the Almighty was pleased to assume
consequently, it commeth not purely by the ministery of his
the titles of their (the Jews) national God, and regal Go-

The inhabitauntes of the north partes being by the meanes
vicarship, that he is enabled; but the ablenesse or unable- vernor.-Warburton, Ser. 5

of certayne abbottes and ignorant priestes not a little stirred
nesse of him, being the vicar of Christ, commeth to him

and prouoked for the suppression of certain monasteries,
another way from aboue.

Hearts may be found, that harbour at this hour

and for the extirpacion and abholishyng of the byshoppe of

That love of

State Trials. 6 Rich. II. 1883. John Wickliffe.

hrist, and all its quick'ning pow'r;

Rome, saiyng, see frendes nowe is taken from vs fower of
And lips unstain'd by folly or by strife,

the vii. sacramentes, and shortly ye shall lese the other thre
Vnto one he gaue v. talentes, to another ii. and to another

Whose wisdom, drawn from the deep well of life, : also; and thus the fayth of holy churche shall vtterly be
one ; to euery mā after his abilitie, and streight way de-

Tastes of its healthful origin, and flows

suppressed and abholished.-Hali. Hen. VIII. an. 28.
parted. - Bible, 1551. S. Matthew, c. 25.

A Jordan for the ablution of our woes.

Couper. Conversation. Thus, M. Hardinge, it is plaine by the judgment of your
Let no man blame our nature for being weake and faint,

owne doctors, that were your auriculare confession quite
nor laie against the goddes that they be cruell: for we haue With us, the man of no complaint demands

abolish'd, yet might the people notwithstandinge haue ful
no lesse ablenes to doe wel, than readines to doe euil.

The warm ablution, just enough to clear

remission of theire sinnes,

The Golden Booke, c. 3.

The sluices of the skin, enough to keep

Jewel. Defence of the Apologie, p. 143.

A noble crew about them waited round
The body sacred from indecent soil.

He hath given it them moreouer to doe these thinges
Of sage and sober peeres, all gravely gownd;

Armstrong. Art of Health, b. iii.

to his glory, throgh the agreement of faith that they haue
Whom farre before did march a goodly band

A'BNEGATE, v. Ab-negare (quasi, ne
of tall young men all able armes to sound.

in the vnitie of his godly truth, to the abolishment of all

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. i. can. 12.

sects, false prophets, and coniurers of Egipt.

agere, says Vossius), to

Bale. Image of bothe Churches, pt. ii.

I can produce a man,

deny. The verb is used

or female seed, far abler to resist
by Dr. Johnson under the v. abjure, as synony-

Rather so farre are we from thabolishement or thappay-
All his solicitations, and at length

Tyng of the authoritie of the lawe, that we muche more

mous with it.

maintaine and establishe it. - Udal. Rom. c. 3.

All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell;
Winning, by conquest, what the first man lost,
Let the princes be of what religion they please, that is all

Now to thentent that ye may yet farther percieue and se,
Ry fallacy surpris'd.--Milton. Paradise Regained, b. l. one to the most part of men; so that with abnegation of that they by the distruccion of the clergy, meane the clere

God, of his honour, and religion, they may retain the friend-abolycion of Christes faith : it may like you to conferre,


Whom shall we choose

ship of the court.

As the most apt and abled instrument

and compare together ii places of hys beggars bill.

Knox. Letter to the Queen Regent of Scotland.

Sir T. More. Works, p. 311.

To minister it (poison) to him (Drusus)?

B. Jonson. Sejanus, Act ii. sc. 1. A serpentine generation wholly made of fraud, policies, But my saluation shal be for euer, and my righteousnes
Cres. They say all louers sweare more performance than

and practices ; lovers of the world, and haters of truth and shall not be abolished.---Bible. Isaiah, li. 6.
they are able, and yet reserue an ability that they neuer

godliness ; fighters against the light, protectors of darkness,
performe; vowing more than the perfection of ten, and

persecutors of marriage, and patrons of brothels; abnega. But is nowe made manifest by the appearing of our
discharging lesse then the tenth part of one.
tors and dispensers against the laws of God.

Sauiour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath
Shakespeare. Troi, and Cres. Act iil. sc. 2.
Sir E. Sandys. State of Religion. brought life and immortalitie vnto life through the gospel.

Id. 2 Timotheus, i. 10.
Never liv'd gentleman of greater merit,

ABO’ARD, n. On board. See BOARD.
Hope or abiliment to steer a kingdom.

ABO'rd, v.
To Abord or bord, Fr. Aborder,

With silly weake old woman thus to fight;---
Ford. The Broken Heart, Act v. sc. 2.

Great glory and gay spoile sure hast thou got,
or Bo'rd. To come or go on board; to

And stoutly prov'd thy puissaunce here in sight;
Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning ABOʻRD, n. approach, to accoast, or accost, That shall Pyrrhocles well requite, I wot,

by study. -Bacon. Of Studies, Ess. 50.

and, then, to address.

And with thy bloud abolish so reproachefull blot.

Certainly the force of imagination is wonderfull, either to

Spenser. Faeric Qucene, b. ii. c. 6.
beget in vs an ability for the doing of that which wee
And afterwards, a great wynde and tēpest arisyng in ye sea,

Mol. That vow perform'd, fasting shall be abolish'd:
apprehend we can do, or a disability for the not doing of by meane wherof, thair shippes might no longar tary there,

None ever serv'd Heav'n well with a starv'd face
that which wee concieue wee cannot do.

for that, that it was a place wt out porte; one part of the
Hakewill. Apologie, p. 19. embarqued thēself. And passing bisore a rokky place, called

Preach abstinence no more; I tell thee, Musly,

Good feasting is devout.
Henry the second reigned in France; Philip the second,

Ithis, they came to aborde in the porte of Pluilie.
Nicolls. Thucydides, fol. 53.

Dryden. Don Sebaslian, Act i. sc. I.
in Spain : princes in the vigour of their age, of great ambi-
tion, of great talents, and seconded by the ablest ministers And whē we had gottē a shippe yt wolde sayle vnto Phe- Though he (the Church of England man) will not deter-
and generals in Europe.
nices, we went aborde in to it, and set forth.

mine whether episcopacy be of divine right, he is sure it is
Bolingbroke. Remarks on the Hist. of England.

Bible, Lond. 1539, Actes, c. 21. most agreeable to primitive institution, fittest of all others
And novels (witness every month's review),

Resolv'd he said: and rigg'd with speedy care,

for preserving order and purity, and under its present re-

gulations best calculated for our civil state: he should
Belie their name, and offer nothing new.

A vessel strong, and well equipp'd for war,

therefore think the abolishment of that order among us,
The mind, relaxing into needful sport,

The secret ship with chosen friends he stor'd;

would prove a mighty scandal and corruption to our faith.
Should turn to writers of an abler sort,
And bent to die or conquer, went aboard.

Swift. Sentiments of a Church of England Jan.
Whose wit well manag'a, and whose classic style,

Dryden. Cymon and Iph.
Give truth a lustre, and make wisdom smile.
We left this place about eleven in the morning, and were

The abolition of Spiritual Courts (as they are called)

Cowper. Retirement.

again conveyed, with more sunshine than wind, aboard our

would shake the very foundation on which the establish-

ment is erected.

Voyage to Lisbon.

ABLEGATION, n. Lat. Ablegatio ; from Able-ship.-Fielding.

Warburton. Alliance between Church and State.

gare, to send away, to dismiss. See Delegate.

I would at the same time penetrate into their thoughts,

in order to know whether your first abord made that advan- ABOʻMINATE, v. Fr. Abominer ; It. Abo-
A sending away, a dismission, a dispersion.
tageous impression upon their fancies, which a certain

ABO'MINABLE. minare;

Sp. Abominar;
I appeal to any free judge, how likely these liquid parti- address, air, and manners, never fail doing.


Chesterfield. Let. 186.
cles are to approve themselves of that nature and power as

Lat. Abominari. (Ab-omi-
to be able, by erecting and knitting themselves together for

ABOMINABI.Y. nari, omen velut oremen.
a moment of time, to bear themselves so as with one joynt

ABOʻDE, v. See to Bode, and to FORE-

ABOMINATION. Festus,) to turn from, as

contention of strength to cause an arbitrarious ablegation

Abo'dance. BODE.


a bad omen.

Malum oment

of the spirits into this or that determinate part of the body. ABOʻDEMENT. To see or discern; to shew or deprecari. Junius.
Hen. More. An Antidote against Atheism, b. i. c. 11. s. 7.
ABO'DING, n. exhibit some external, superfi-

To turn from as ill omened. To loath or abhor,
ABLU'DE, v. Ab-ludere, to play from.

cial appearance,
or token, from which we

hate or detest, to accurse or exccrate.
To play from, or out of tune; and, thus, to infer good or ill.
differ; to be unlike.

Thei knowlochen that thei knowen god, but bi dedis thei
Nay, such abodes ben nat worth an haw.

denyen whanne the ben abomunable and unbilcefful and

Whereas we ought, according to the wise advise of our

Chaucer. Troilus, b. iii. fol. 171.

repreuable to al good werk.---Wiclif. Tyle, c. 1.

Seneca (not much abluding from the counsell of that blessed

The night-crow cryde aboding luckless time.
apostle, with whom he is said to have intercharged letters)

Shakespeare. 3 Part Hen. VI. Act v. sc. 6.

And he seide to hem, ye it ben that justifyen you bifore

men; but God hath knowen youre hertis, for that that is
so to possesse them, as those that make account to forego
them; and so forego them as if we possessed them still Edw. Tush, man, aboadments must not now affright vs. high to men : is abhomynacioun bifore God

Io. Luke, c. 16.
Bp. Hail. The Baim of Gilead. By faire and foule meanes we must enter in,

For hither will our friends repaire to vs.

So Ambrose interprets that place of 1 Tim. ii. 4. « Не

Id. 1b. Act iv. sc. 7.

Al whom therforc by the whole thousande on an heapo

would have all to be saved," saith he, if themselves will:

(for no fewer he nombreth them) dothe thys dyudyshe
for he hath given his law to all; and excepts no man, in For he (Bishop Felix) brought all the province unto the dronken soule abominablye blaspheme, and callcth them
respect of his law and will revealed, from salvation. Neither faith, and workes of iustice, and in the end to rewarde of Iyars and falscfiers of scripture, and maketh them no better
doth it much ablude from this, that our English divines at perpetuall blessednesse, according to the abodement of his then draffe. ---Sir T. More. Works, p. 679.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]


isels of

If the sins be not utterly detested and abomined, this is It is much used in compositione Above-board She (Fortune) eyther giues a stomack, and no foode
a contradiction to this first branch of our vow of baptism.
has a metaphorical application to-

(Such are the poore in health), or else a feast,
Hammond. Works, (Pract. Catechism,) vol. I. p. 118.
That which is uncovered, unconcealed, undis-

And takes away the stomack, (such are the rich,
The primitive Christians were branded and abomined by

That haue aboundance and enjoy it not.)
them for three special faults, which they were little likely

Shakespeare. 2 Pari Henry IV. Act iv. sc.
io be guilty of.---id. 16. vol. iv. fol. 643. Ser. 12.

Nye ger he was thus in thys lond in bataile & in wo,

He goes lightly, that wants a load. If there be more
Where all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds,

An ofte sythe aboue was, and bynethe oftan mo.

pleasure in abundance, there is more security in a mean
Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things,

R. Gloucester, p. 264. estate.-Bp. Hall. Cont. Herod and the Infants.
Abominable, inutterable, and worse
& God sent him tokenyng on nyght als he slepe,

The elements due order here maintain,
Than fables yet have feign'd, or fear conceiv'd,
Dat he suld fynd a palmere orly at morn,

And pay their tribute in of warmth and rain :
Gorgons, and hydras, and chimeras dire.
At the south gate, alone as he was born,

Cool shades and streams, rich fertile lands abound,
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii. & if he wild praie him, for Jhesu Criste's loue,

And Nature's bounty flows the seasons round.
That very action for which the swine is abominated, and He wild do the bataile, & thei suld be aboue.

Otway. Windsor Castle
looked upon as an unclean and impure creature, namely,

R. Brunne, p. 32.

The Romans abounded with little honorary rewards, that
wallowing in the mire, is designed by nature for a very Wherfore, Melibeus, this is oure sentence; we conseille without conferring wealth or riches gave only place and dis-
good end and use; not only to cool his body, but also to you, aboven alle thing, that right anon thou do thy diligence tinction to the person who received them.
suffocate and destroy noisome and importunate insects.
in keping of thy propre persone, in swiche a wise that thou

Guardian. No. 96.
Ray. Wisdom of God.
ne want non espie ne watche, thy body for to save.

Through the lighten'd air
Such honour (lip-honour) is indeed no honour at all, but

Chaucer. Tale of Melibeus. A higher lustre and a clearer calm,
impudent abuse, and profane mockery: for what can be

On Lord, on faith, on God withouten mo,

Diffusive, tremble; while, as if in sign
more abominably vain, than for a man to court and cajoul On Cristendom, and fadir of all also

Of danger past, a glittering rohe of joy,
him who knows his whole heart, who sees that he either Aboven all, and over all every wher:

Set off abundant by the yellow ray,
minds not, or means not what he says ?
Thise wordes all with gold ywriten were.

Invests the fields ; and Nature smiles reviv'd.
Barrow. Ser. vol. i. 8. 4.
Id. The second Nonnes Tale, v. 15678.

Thomson. Summer.
If envy is thus confessedly bad, and it be only emulation And thus thou might wel vnderstonde,

Aristotle, in his Politics, hath proved abundantly to my
that is endeavoured to be awakened in children, surely

My sonne, if thou art suche in loue,

satisfaction, that no men are born to be slaves except bar-
there ought to be great care taken, that children may know Thou might not come at thyn aboue

barians : and these only to such as are not themselves bar-
the one from the other. That they may abominate the one

Of that thou woldest wel acheue.--Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

barians.--Fielding. Voyage to Lisbon.
as a great crime, whilst they give the other admission into
their minds.---Law. Serious Call.
I'll sing the mighty riddle of mysterious love,

ABOʻUT, prep. and adv. A. S. Abutan, abuta.
Which neither wretched men below, nor blessed spirits On buta.
It. Abortire, abortivo; Sp..
ABOʻRT, v.

On boda Boda, the first outward ex.
ABOʻrt, n. Abortivo; Fr. Abortif : from
With all their comments can explain ;

tremity or boundary of any thing. It is variously
How all the whole world's life to die did not disdain!
Lat. Abortus, part. past of Abo-

written-Abouten, Aboute, About.


Cowley. Christ's Passion.
ABOʻRSEMENT. riri. See Origin. (Ab-oriri,)

About is applied to:—the edge or border ap-
They that speak ingenuously of bishops and presbyters, proached, or first come to; the circuit, the circum.
ABOʻRTIVE. to rise from; applied to that; say, that a bishop is a great presbyter, and during the time ference ; time approaching, any act or event
ABOʻRTIVE, adj. quod non sit tempestive ortum ; of his being bishop, above a presbyter: as your president of
ABO'RTIVELY. which has arisen out of season.

the college of physicians is above the rest, yet he himself is approaching or upon the point of being done or
To rise or spring from ; un-

no more than a doctor of physic. --Selden. Table Talk.

coming to pass; to nearness, proximity. It is
seasonably, untimely :--To produce or bear pre-

And sure if aught below the seats divine

classed by Wilkins among those local prepositions
Can teach inmortals, 'tis a soul like thine ;

which respect space in general, and which relate
maturely or unnaturally; to miscarry, or fail in

A soul supreme, in each hard instance try'd;

both to motion and rest, with respect to the inter-
bearing the full time.

Above all pain, all passion, and all pride.

mediate space betwixt those terms, either direct
For it (Parliament) is aborted before it was born; and

Pope. Ep. to Earl Mortimer.

or indirect,
nullified after it had being.---Reliquiæ Wottoniana, p. 431. The religion of the gospel is spiritual : the religion of the
And Julia (the daughter of Julius Cæsar, and the wife of
Jews, as they made it, was carnal. The gospel places

Engelond ys a wel god land, ich were of eche lond best

Y set in the ende of the world, as al in the West.
Pompey), a little before dying of an abort in childbed, toge- morality above rites and ceremonies: the Jews preferred, in
ther with the infant she bare; it lay thenceforth open and
their practice at least, the ritual law to the moral.

De see goth hym al aboute, he stont as an yle.
clear in every man's eye, that .

R. Gloucester, p. 1.
• there would

Jortin. Discourses, Dis. 1.
ensue but a dry and sandy friendship between them.-

ABOʻUND, v. Fr. Abonder; It. Abondare;

Goggomagog was a geand swithe grete and strong.
Ib. p. 241.

A boute four and twenti fet me seith he was long,
ABOUNDING. Sp. Abundar; Lat. Abundare;

Id. p. 22
The latter casuists

• justly hold, that to

give any such expelling or destructive medicine, with a

(Ab-unda,) from a wave. And knytte it (a bell] on a coler,
direct intention to work an aborsement, whether before or

ABU'NDANT. To come or be, to flow, to And honge [it] aboute the cattys halse.
after animation, utterly unlawful and highly sinful.
ABU'NDANTLY. overflow, in great quantity or

Piers Plouhman, p. 9
Bp. Hall. Cuses of Conscience. number; as waves from the sea ; to be rich, For, brother min, take of me this motif,
The fike may be said of the other law of Aristotle con- copious or plentiful.

I have now ben a court-man all my lif,
cerning abortion or the destruction of a childe in the

And God it wot, though I unworthy be,
mother's wombe, being a thing punished severely by all

And god is myghti to make al grace abounden in ghou, I have stonden in ful gret degree,
good lawes, as injurious not onely to nature, but also to the that ghe in all thingis euermore han al sufficience and Abouten lordes of ful high estat :
common-wealth, which thereby is deprived of a designed abounde into al good werk as it is writun, he delide abrood, Yet had I never with non of hem debat,
citizen.- Hakewill. Apologie, p. 317.

he ghaf to pore men: his rightwysnesse dwellith withouten I never hem contraried trewely.
Thou eluish mark'd abortire rooting hogge,
ende.--Wiclif. 2 Corynth. c. 9.

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9370.
Thou that was seal'd in thy natiuitie

And he seide to hem, se ye and be ye war of alle couertise, Thou blinded God (quod I) forgeue me this offence,
The slaue of nature, and the sonne of hell.

for the lyf of a man is not in the abundaunce of the thingis, Unwillingly I went aboul, to malice thy pretence.
Shakespeare. Richard III. Act i. sc. 3. which he weeldith.-Id. Luk. c. 12.

Surrey. Complaint of a Louer, &c
But power, your grace, can above nature give,

And britheren, we preien ghou, that ghe knowe hem that Who? What an asse am I? I sure, this is most braue,
It can give power to make abortives live.--Couley. Poems.

traueilen among ghou, and ben souereyns to ghou in the That I, the Sonne of the Deere murthered,

lord, and techen ghou that gh have hem aboundauntli in
The purpose of this discourse is to represent in what state

Prompted to my reuenge by heaven, and hell,
of things our pardon stands here; and that it is not only

charite, and for the werk of hem haue ghe pees with hem. Must (like a whore) vnpacke my heart with words,

Id. 1 Tessal, c. 5.
conditional, but of itself a mutable effect, a dispositiou

And fall a cursing like a very drab,
towards the great pardon, and therefore if it be not nurs'd
Ther as a wedded man in his estat,'

A scullion ? Fye vpon't, foh. - About my braine,
and maintaind by the proper instruments of its progres-
Liveth a lif blisful and ordinat

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act ii. sc. 2.
sion, it dies like an abortive conception, and shall not have
Under the yoke of mariage ybdund:

Fac. I; if I can strike a fine hooke into him now;
that immortality whither it was designed.
Wel may his herte in joye and blisse abound,

The Temple church; there I have cast mine angle.
Bp. Taylor. Of Repentance, c. 9. sec. 6. For who can be so buxom as a wif?

Well, pray for me. I'll about it.

Round him (Bays) much embryo, much abortion lay,

The Marchantes Tale, v. 9163.

Jonson. Alchemist, Act ii. sc. 2.
Much future ode, and abdicated play:

Euery wight in soche yearthly weale habundaunt is holde And as I wake, sweet music breathe
Nonsense precipitate, like running lead,

noble, precious, benigne, and wise, to doe what he shall, in Above, about, or underneath,
That slipp'd through crags and zig-zags of the head. any degree that men him set, all be it that the sothe be in Sent by some spirit to mortal good,

Pope. Dunciad, b. i.

the contrary of all tho thinges ; but he that can ne neuer so Or the unseen genius of the wood.-Milton. Il Penseroso.
Any enterprize undertaken without resolution, managed

well hin behaue, and hath vertue haboundant, in manifolde
without care, prosecuted without vigour, will easily be
manners, and be not wealthed with soch yearthly goodes is

Meditate and inquire with great diligence and exactness
dashed and prove abortire, ending in disappointment,
holde for a foole, and saide lis witte is but sotted.

into the nature, properties, circumstances, and relations of
damage, disgrace, and dissatisfaction.

Id. Test. of Love, b. i.

the particular subject about which you judge or agree. You
Barrow. Ser. vol. iii. s. 18. The bodily marchandize, that is leful and honest, is this,

should survey a question round about, and on all sides, and
Or, if abortively poor man must die,
that ther as God hath ordeined, that a regne or a contree is

extend your views as far as possible, to every thing that has
suffisant to himself, than it is honest and leful, that of the

a connexion with it.-Watts. Logick, pt. iii. c. 4.
Nor reach, what reach he might, why die in dread?
Young. The Complaint, Night 7. that is nedy; and therfore ther must be marchants to bring
haboundaunce of this contree men helpe another contree

First, for your bees a proper station find,

That's fenc'd about and shelter'd from the wind;
ABO’VE, prep. A. S. Bufan-Be-ufan. Bove,
fro on contree to another hir marchandise.

For winds divert then in their flight, and drive

Id. The Persones Tale. The swarms, when loaden homeward, from their hive.
top or head. R. Brunne, and the elder English

Addison. Virgil, Georg. 4.
authors write it, Abouen-Abowen. In R. Glou-

Sewerly the scripture aboundeth with examples, teching
cester and R. Brunne, it is applied as uppermost
vs, all present and longe felicite to be grettly suspect.

ABRADE. Fr. Abradunt ; Lat. Alradere,
Joye. The Exposicion of Daniel, c. 2.

ABRA'SE. ( Ab-radere,) to rub or scrape ofl.
or superior in rank and power, &c.; and beneath, There did I see our conquer'd fathers fall

ABRASION. See Erase.
(qv.) is opposed to it. See Over, Up.

Before the English, on that fatal ground,
It is usual to consider above as a preposition
When as to ours their number was but small,

So in the great body of the earth such protuberances may
and an adverb: but the meaning remains the same.

And with brave spirits France ne'er did more abound. be thrust out, and gradually increased, though not so easily

Drayton. Battle of Agincourt. perceptible in one age, and by this means there may be a

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

ar Braide.. } deripete

, to snatch or tearráway.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]


continued supply of what is successively abraded from Largesse it is, whose priuilege

Therfore thei don alle her werkig, that thei be seen of them by decursion of waters.-Hale. Orig. of Mankind, p. 95. There maie no auarice abrege.-Gover. Con. A. b. vii. men: for thei drawen abrond her falateries and magnyfica The fourth in white is Apheleia, a nymph as pure and

hemmes.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 23.

Wherefore to abbridge his [D. of Somerset) power, and to
simple as the soule, or as an abruse table, and is therefore minishe his aucthoritie they determined to bryng hym into Thine armes shalt thou sprede a brede,
called Simplicitie.-B. Jonson. Cynthia's Revells, p. 226. the hatred of the people, and into the disdain of the nobilite. As man in warre were forwerede,
Earth has its great gravity, loose connexion, and less

Hall. Hen. VI. an. 30. Than shal the come a remembraunce
attraction of its particles ; its friability, and irregular figure, [The emperoure) specially chargynge the sayde bysshop

Of her shape and her semblaunce.

Chaucer. being probably the rainenta or abrasions of the other ele- that he wold shewe vnto his sayde sone yo great danger that

The R. of the Rose, fol. 127. ments.-Cheyne. An Essay on Regimen, Dis. i. §. 5. he was in agaynste God for the displeasurys doon to hym, But it ne was so sprede on brede, As the soul acts immediately on pure fire, so pure fire & specyally that he was a cause of the abrygement, or That men within might knowe the sede.

Id. Ib. fol. 132. operates immediately on air; that is, the abrasions of all shortynge, of his dayes. - Fabyan, c. 161. terrestrial things being rendered volatile and elastic by fire, Of Theophylactes authoritie wee never made any great

And I haue thrust my selfe into this maze, and at the same time lessening the volatility and expansive accoumpte. For the most parte of that he writeth, he is Happily to wiue and thriue as best I may; force of the fire, whose particles they attract and adhere to, but an abbridger of Chrysostome.

Crownes in my purse I haue, and goods at home, there is produced a new fluid, more volatile than water or

Jewel. Defence of the Apologie. And so am come abroad to see the world.
earth, and more fixed than fire.
Berkeley. Works, Siris, $. 163.
Pond women, and scarce speaking children mourn,

Shakespeare. Tam. of S. Act i. sc. %.
Bewail his (Hereford's) parting, wishing his return.

Within their stony caves, but rush'd abroad
Nor deem it strange that rolling years abrade
That I was forc'd to abridge his banish'd years,

From the four hinges of the world, and fell
The social bias.-Shenstone. Economy, pt. i.
When they bedew'd his footsteps with their tears.

On the vex'd wilderness.-Milton. Par. Regained, b. iv.

Drayton. Richard II. to Queen Isabel.

Qu. M. Speak, then, for speech is morning to the mind,
The, Say, what abridgement haue you for this euening! It spreads the beauteous images abroad.
What maske? What musicke? How shall we beguile

Dryden. Duke of Guise, Act ii. sc. 1.
See To Bray.

The lazie time, if not with some delight !
To break, pull or tear; to start, leap, or spring.

Shakespeare. M. N. Dreame, Act v. sc. 1.

None (of the bees) range abroad when winds and storms

are nigh, To make an eruption, assault, sally, onset, insur- Beasts too were his command: what could he more ?

Nor trust their bodies to a faithless sky, rection, revolt. In Wiclif we find Debreyd. And

Yes, man he could, the bond of all before;

But make small journeys, with a careful wing,
In him he all things with strange order hurl'd;
Upbraid is in common use.

And fly to water at a neighbouring spring.
In him, that full abridgment of the world.

Addison. Virgil, Georg. 4. "The past tense is written indiscriminately braide,

Cowley. Davidies, b. i. avraide, and the word is applied to any sudden or

While the national honour is firmly maintained abroad,

The inducement which moved me to think of abridging and while justice is impartially administered at home, the violent action or motion.

it, was a consideration purely extrinsical to the work itself; obedience of the subject will be voluntary, cheerful, and, I This John answered ; Alein, avise thee :

and in effect no other than this: that it would be better might almost say, unlimited, -Junius. Let. 1.
The miller is a perilous man, he sayde.

suited to the ease and convenience of some sort of readers,
when reduced into this narrow compass.

A'BROGATE, v. Fr. Abroger; It. Abro-
And if that he out of his slepe abraide
He mighte don us bathe a vilanie.

Wynne. Abridgment of Locke's Essay. To Mr. Locke. A'BROGATE. gare; Sp. Abrogar; Lat.
Aleiu answered ; count him nat a flie.
For he supposes it (the Apostles' Creed) an abridgement

ABROGA'TION. Abrogare. (Ab-rogare.)
Chaucer. The Reres Tale, v. 4188. of faith, by containing only a few of the necessary articles Rogare legem, is to ask the people for their votes
And after that she out of swoune abraide.

of faith, and leaving out the far greater part of them; and
so takes a part of a thing for an abridgment of it; whereas

upon a law proposed, to propose a law; and subId. The Squieres Tale, v. 10791.

an abridgment or abstract of any thing, is the whole in sequently, to pass a law: and abrogare legem, to And lightly started vp as one affray'd ;

little; and if it be of a science or doctrine, the abridgment repeal a law : and in this application the word is Or as if one him suddenly did call.

consists in the essential or necessary parts of it contracted usually found in English. Generally, So, oftentimes he out of sleepe abrayd,

into a narrower compass than where it lies diffused in the And then lay muzing long, on that him ill apay'd. ordinary way of delivery.

To repeal, to annul, to abolish, to avoid, or
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 5. Locke. A Second Vindic. of the Reason. of Christianity, &c.

make void.
ABREAST, adv. See Breast. With breast
That man should thus encroach on fellow man,

Beside this, al estatutes, made by king Edward, were
Abridge him of his just and native rights,

clerely reuoked, abrogated, and made frustrate.
or breasts in a straight or parallel line.
And doom him for perhaps a heedless word

Hall. Edw. IV. an. 9.
Tarry my cosen Suffolke,
To barrenness, and solitude, and tears,

I do not abrogate the grace of God; for if righteousness
My soule shall thene keepe company to heauen,

Moves indignation.-Cowper. Task, b. v.

be by the law, then Christ dyed without a cause.
Tarry (sweet soule) for mine, then fly a-brest.
Here lies David Garrick, describe him who can,

Geneva Bible, 1561. Gal. ii. 21.
Shakespeare. Hen. V. Act iv. sc. 6.
An Abridgment of all that was pleasant in man;

Which fulfyllinge the lawe concluded oure religion within
As an actor, confest without rival to shine;
A'B-RENOUNCE.) The preposition Ab is

the lymitis of fayth and loue, all the ceremonies of the As a wit, if not first, in the very first line !

temple, both sacred and carnall abrogated AB-RENUNCIATION. I prefixed perhaps for the

Goldsmith. Retaliation.

Joy. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 10. sake of giving emphasis to the word Renounce ; itself a compound. See RenouNCE.

ABROACH, v. 1 A. S. Abracan. To break.

The crosier-staff in his imperious hand,
In the which councell the archbishop againe proposeth into it: to be abroach, or to set abroach, is to be

Abroach, adv. To broach a vessel is to break

To be the scepter that controuls the land;

That home to England dispensations draws,
the matter, commanding all the clergie vnder paine of the

Which are of power to abrogate our laws.
popes curse, there perpetuallie either to abrenounce their
or cause to be in that state in which the contents

Drayton. Duke Humphrey to Elenor Cobham. wines or their liuings. - Fox. Acts and Deeds, fol. 159.

of a vessel broached or broken into are : i. e. that Not much unlike this severity was the ordinance of The author of the book of ecclesiastical hierarchy, attri- they may be drawn; caused to flow, or pour Zaleucus, the Locrian lawgiver, by which it was appointed, buted to S. Denis the Areopagite, takes notice that certain forth, spread; set afloat.

that whosoever proposed the enacting of a new law, or the unholy persons and enemies to the christian religion, think

abrogation of an old one, should come into the assembly it a ridiculous thing of infants, who as yet cannot under

And whan that I have told thee forth my tale

with an halter about his neck, &c.
stand the divine mysteries, should be partakers of the sacra-
Of tribulation in mariage,

Potler. Antiq. of Greece, b. i. c. 26.
ments; and that professions and abrenunciations should be
Of which I am expert in all min age,

Nor is it well, nor can it come to good, made by others for them and in their names.

(This is to sayn, myself hath ben the whippe)

That, through profane and infidel contempt
Bp. Taylor. Great Exemplar, pt. i. sect. 28, fol. 202. Than maiest thou chesen wheder thou wolt sippe

of holy writ, she (London) has presum'd i'annul
Of thilke tonne, that I shal abroche.
He (Sir Joh. Cheek] did make a public abrenuntiation of

And abrogate, as roundly as she may,

Chaucer. The Wife of Bathes Prologue, v. 5759. The total ordinance and will of God.-Cowper. Task, b.i. that religion which he had long professed, and still believed.

Wood. Athena Oxon.
And for thei shuld vpon hym trist,

It appears to have been a usual practice in Athens, on the
Right as who set a tonne a broche,

establishment of any law esteemed very useful or popular, ABRIDGE, v.

Used with the same appli- He perced the harde roche.-Gower. Conf. Am. b. v. to prohibit for ever its abrogation and repeal,
ABRI'DGER. cation as Abbreviate, (qv.) When he had obtaind the tresure, he returned to his flete,

Hume. Essays, pt. ii. Ess. 10.
ABRIDGMENT. and usually referred to the & immediatly set his matters abroch.

ABRUPT, adj. Fr. Abruption; Lat. Absame origin. But the etymology of Menage and

Goldyng. Justine, b. vi. fol. 35.

ABRU'PT, n. ruptio; from Abrump-ere. Ab:
Wachter surely leads us immediately right. Abre- Whose frightful vision, at the first approach,

Abri'pt, v.
ger, from the Ger. Abbrechen, frangere, abrum-
With violent madness struck that desp'rate age,

rumpere, ruptum. To break

So many sundry miseries abroach,

off, or away from.
pere, 1.o break; A. S. Abræccan.
Giving full speed to their unbridled rage.


Broken off from. GeneTo break off (a part), to take away from the

Drayton, Barons Wars.

ABRUPTNESS. rally used where the breach whole; to lessen, to curtail, to diminish; to bring

Hast thou no friend to set thy mind abroach ?

and separation is sudden or violent, or hasty, or into less space; to contract; to compress. See Good sense will stagnate. Thoughts shut up want air,

unexpected. the quotation from Locke.

And spoil, like bales unopen'd to the sun.

Young. Complaint, Night 2. Broken off, or away, disconnected, severed, disBut isaie crieth for israel, if the noumbre of the children of israel schal be as grauel of the see, the relifs schulen be

The doctrines taught of a metempsychosis, and a future joined; snapped asunder; consequentially, rugged; maad saaf. for sothe a word makynge an ende and abreg

state of rewards and punishments, the Greek writers agree sudden, unceremonious.
gynge in equyte, for the lord schal make a word breggid on
to have been first set abroach by the Egyptians.

Did not I note your dark abrupted ends
al the erthe. -Wiclif. Romayns, c. 9.

Warburton. Div. Legalion of Bloses, b. ii. 3. 4.

of words half spoke ; your “ wells, if all were known !" ! And whan this olde man wende to enforcen his tale by ABROAD. Abrod, R. Gloucester; O brode, Your short "I like not that?" your girds and buts?

Ford. Lore's Sacrifice, Act iii. Ac. 2.
Tesons, wel mie alle at ones begonne they to rise, for to R. Brunne; Abrood, Wiclif; On brede, Chaucer.
breken his tale, and bidden him ful oft his wordes for to Broad is from the A. S. Brædan, Abrædan-

The effects of whose (the sun's) activity are not prech
abregge.-Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus.
And nere it that I wilne as now abredge
To broaden, to enlarge, to extend, to dilate, to pitously abrupted, but gradually proceed to their cessations

Diffusion of speache, I could almoste

Or (who shall) spread his aerie flight,
A thousand olde stories thee aledge,

With thulke stroc he sot al of the scolle & ek the croune, Upborn with indefatigable wings
Of women laste, through false & fooles boste.

That the brain orn (run) al abrod in the pauiment ther Over the vast abrupt; ere he arrive
Id. Troilus, b. fil. fol. 168. doune.-R. Gloucester, p. 476.

The happy Ne. - Nillon. Par. Lost, b. II.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]


« PredošláPokračovať »