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Troi. O Cressida, how often have I wisht me thus !

ABSENT, . Fr. Absent, Absenter; It. been all hole absolute, and discendeth so down into the
Cres. Wisht my lord? The gods grant! O my lord.
I'roi. What should they grant? What makes this pretty

Absent, adj. Assente; Sp. Ausente ; Lat. vttrest thynges, and into thynges empty and without fruit.
abruption; what too curious dreg espies my sweet lady in
ABSENTATION. Absens, (Ab-esse,) to be away

Chaucer. Boecius, b. iii. fol. 220. the fountaine of our louel-Shakes. Tr. & Cr. Act lli. sc. 2. Albsence. from.

But father nowe ye haue all herde,

In this maner howe I haue ferde (ir if thou hast not broke from companie

ABSENTE'E. To be or go, or send away Of cheste, and of dissencion, Abruptly, as my passion pow makes me,

ABSENTE'ISM. from; to retreat, to withdraw. Yeue me your absolucion.---Gower. Con. A. b. iii. Thou hast not lou'd.---Id. As You Like It, Act il. sc. 4. ABSENTER.

Absentee and Absenteism

But let the sonne of perdicion perisshe, and absolue wo Pardon, if my abruptnesse breed disease;

ABSENTMENT. are now common words.

the chapter, the aungel yet speking with Daniel. "He merits not t' offend, that hastes to please."

Joy. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 8.
Jonson. Part of the King's Entertainment, Oonli lyue ghe worthill to the gospel of Crist, that whethir
whanne I come and se ghou; either absent I heere of ghou

Furthermore, if I myghte be bold with Rastel, I wolde
It is a rudeness in manners to depart from the house of our that ghe stonde in oo spyryt of oo wille, traueilinge togidre

aske him this question, whether God haue not an absoluís friend as soon as the tables are removed, and an act of to the feith of the gospel. - Wiclif. Filipensis, c. 1.

iustice as wel as an absolute power? If God have also an irreligion to rise from our common meals without prayer

absolute iustice, then can not his absolute power preuayle and thanksgiving. How much more absurd and impious, Lo badde is nothing els, but absence or negatiue of good, yntyll his absolute iustice be fullie countrepyased. shen, were it for us to depart abruptly from the Lord's table! as darkness is absence or negatiue of light.

d Boke made by Johan Fruth, printed 1548. Comber. Companion to the Temple, pt. iii. s. 19.

Chaucer. Test. of Love, b. iii. fol. 309.

We are bounde to heare the Pope, and his Cardinalles,
Abrupt, with eagle-speed she cut the sky;
The archebisshop desiryng the duke [Henry of Lancaster)

and other like Scribes, and Phariseis, not absolutely, ol
Instant invisible to mortal eye.
to absent all other persons then suche as wer his cöpanions

without exception, what so ever they liste to saie: but only Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. i. saied these or like wordes to hym.--Hall. Introd. fol. 10.

so long, as they teache the lawe of God. At last the rous'd up river pours along :

Jewel. Defence of the Apologie, p. 430.
Resistless, roaring, dreadful, down it comes
At this rehersall was the duke of Aniowe absent; the

He (Wiclise) denyed ye Bishop to have authoritie to ex-
From the rude mountain, and the mossy wild,

kyng douted hym, bycause he was so couytous; but thoughe communicate any person; and that any priest might absolve Tumbling through rocks abrupt, and sounding far. the kynge dyde absent hym at the houre of his dethe, and

such a one as well as the pope.---Slow. Chronicle, an. 1376. Thomson. Winter. putte hym farre of fro the busynesses of the realme of Fraunce,

yet the duke of Aniowe thought to medyll neuer the lesse Pray speake in English; heere are some will thanke you, Abrupt and horrid as the tempest roars, for all his absence.-Berners. Froissart. Cron. c. 366.

If you speake truth, for their poore Mistris sake;
Thunder and flash upon the steadfast shores,

Beleeue me, she has had much wrong. Lord Cardinall,
Till he, that rides the whirlwind, checks the rain,
With burial brandes I absent shall thee trace:

The willing'st sinne I euer yet committed,
Then all the world of waters sleeps again.
And when cold death from life these limes deuides,

May be absolu'd in English.
Cowper. Retirement. My gost eche where shall still on thee awaite.

Shakespeare. Henry VIII. Aet i. sc. I.
A'BSCESS. Fr. Abscez ; It. Absesso; Sp.

Surrey. Virgile, b. iv.

Duke. Be absolute for death: either death or life Abscesso; Lat. Abscessus : from Abscedere, to go

Duke. Not see him since? Sir, sir, that cannot be: Shall thereby be the sweeter.
away, depart; (abs and cedere.)
But were I not the better part made mercie,

Ib. Meas. for Meas. Act iii. se. 1
I should not seeke an absent argument
A separation or segregation of humours into
of my reuenge, thou present.

Now if to salve this anomaly, we say the heat of the sun one mass.

Shakespea As You Like It, Act iii. sc. 2.

is more powerful in the Soutliern Tropick, because in the

sign of Capricorn falls out the perigeum, or lowest place of The signs may be taken from their causes; and the man

- Night with her will bring

the sun in his eccentrick, whereby he becomes nearer unto ner of the abscess may demonstrate its malign nature, and

Silence; and sleep, listening to thee, will watch,

them than unto the other in Cancer, we shall not absolve eril quality.--Wiseman. Chirurgical Treatises, b. i. c. 5. Or we can bid his absence, till thy song

the doubt.---Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 10.
End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shine.
ABSCI'ND,(Ab-scindere,) to cut off or
Fr. Abscis; Lat. Abscendere,

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii.

They that take upon them to be the only absolvers of sin, ABSCI'ssion.

are themselves held fast in the snares of eternal death.
Polin. But when against his custom, they perceiv'd

More. Against Idolatry, Pref.
away from. Gr. oxif-elv.
To cut off, to shear off, to sever. Abscission is
The King absented, streight the rebels met,

We must know what is to be meant by absolute, or abso-
And roar'd, they were undone.
a favourite word with J. Taylor.

luteness; whereof I finde two main significations. First, Dryden. Duke of Guise, Act iii. sc. 1.

absolute signifieth perfect, and absolutenesse, perfection : • We are perishing people, or, if not, yet at the least not to It is observed, that in the sun's total eclipses, when there

hence we have in Latin this expression, Perfectum est om be cured without the abscission of a member, without the is no part of his body discernible, yet there does not always

nibus numeris absolutum. And in our vulgar language we cutting off a hand or leg, or the putting out of an eye. follow so great a darkness as might be expected from his

say, a thing is absolutely good, when it is perfectly good. Bp. Taylor. Serm, vol. ii. s. 13. total absence.---Wilkins. Discovery of a New World.

Next, absolute signifieth free from tye or bond.

Knox. History oj the Reformation, Pref. To this commandment fastings, and severe abstinencies, Whether if there was no silver or gold in the kingdom, are apt to be reduced, as being the proper abscission of the

It is fatal goodness left to fitter times, our trade might not nevertheless supply bills of exchange, instruinents and temptations of lust, to which Christ invites

Not to increase, but to absolre, our crimes.
sufficient to answer the demand of absentees in England, or
by the mixed proposition of threatening and reward.
elsewhere ?---Bp. Berkeley. Querist.

Dryden. To the Lord Chancellor Hyde.
Id. Great Exemplar, pt. ii. 9.36.

The proper object of love, is not so much that which is
The servant of the Lord must not strive; I mean in those

Other phrases and circumlocutions by which humane absolutely good in itself, as that which is relatively so to us. cases where meekness of instruction is the remedy: or if death is expressed are either expressly applyed or by con

Bp. Wilkins. Sermon on the Hope of Rewarde. the case be irremediable, abscission, by censures, is the pe- l instance as these: a going or abode abroad, a peregrination, sequence applicable to the death of our Saviour; such for

As the priests of the law were to pronounce a blessing nalty.-Id. Liberty of Prophesying, sec. 13. or absentment from the body.

upon the offerers, so those of the gospel are to dispense the When a single syllable is cut off from the rest, it must

Barrow. Sermons, vol. ii. s. 27. blessing of absolution unto the penitent. either be united to the line with which the sense connects

Comber. Companion to the Temple, pt. i. s. 4. it, or be sounded alone

When two syl

What is commonly called an absent man, is commonly lables likewise are abscinded from the rest, they evidently either a very weak, or a very affected man.

Though an absolutory sentence should be pronounced ir want some associate sounds to make them harmonious.

Chesterfield. Let. 12. favour of the persons-yet if adultery shall afterwards bar

truly proved, he may again be proceeded against as an Rambler. No. 90.

Your absentation from the House is a measure which adulterer.--Ayliffe. Parergon. The abscission of a vowel is undoubtedly vicious when it always had my most entire concurrence. is strongly sounded, and makes, with its associate conso

Wakefield, Letter to C. J. Fox, March 13, 1800. Renson pursued is faith; and unpursued nant, a full and audible syllable.--Id. No. 88.

Where proof invites, 'tis reason, then, no more: It might perhaps be a little difficult to ascertain either And such our proof, That, or our faith is right, ABSCOND, v. Fr. Absconser; It. Ascon- what sort or what degree of absence, would subject a man Or Reason lies, and Heaven designed it wrong: dere; Sp. Esconderse ; Lat. Abscondere, (Ab- should either begin or end.

to be taxed as an absentee, or at what precise time the tax Absolve we this ? --Young. Complaint, Night 4. condere,) to hide from (Condo est a cum et do,

Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. v. c. 2.

Rocking sets children to sleep better than absolute rest; quasi simul in interiorem locum do ; ut Festus

there is indeed scarce any thing at that age, which gives ait.


more pleasure than to be gently lifted up and down. Vossius).

Fr. Absouldre, Absoudre; It.


On the Sublime and Beautiful. To hide from; to conceal; to secrete ; to de

ABSOʻLVER. Assolvere; Sp. Absolver; Lat.

A'BSOLUTE, Absolvere, part or go away for the purpose of concealment.

(Ab-solvere, 80-

Lat. Absonus, (Ab-sono,)
A'BSOLUTELY. lutus,) to loose or free from.


sounding in disunion.
Ajax, to shun his (Pluto's) gencral power,
A'BSOLUTENESS. To loose or free from; to

Discordant; disagreeing. See ConSONANT.
In vain absconded in a flower;
An idle scene Tythonus acted,

ABSOLUTION. free or clear--from difficulty; For Stoicism to rejoice at funerals, and lament at births
When to a grasshopper contracted.

A'BSOLUTORY. from guilt; or the conse

of men, is more absonant to nature than reason.

The Mourner.

Quarles. Judgment and Mercy.
Prior. Turtle and Sparrow. quences of guilt; to acquit, to pardon.
When there are no more insects in the air, as in winter

. which To suppose an uniter of a middle constitution, that should themselves into hot countries.-Ray. Wisdom of God.

any of our absonous to . fection : unbounded, unrestricted, unlimited, un

Glancille. Scep. Scientifica, c. 4. Nothing discoverable in the lunar surface is ever covered and absconded from us by the interposition of any from the English Preface to Knox. conditional : clear, certain. See the quotation


Fr. Absorber; lt. Assorbere ; clouds or mists, but such as rise from our own globe.

ABSORBENT. Sp. Absorver ; Lat. Absorbere,
Bentley. Serm. viii.
At ther wille salle thou be, Sir, we se it wele,

Avso'rPTION. S Ab-sorbere,) to sup or suck up.
He [Thos. Fitzherbert] would now and then hear a

Calle ageyn thin oth, drede thou no manace, sermon, which he was permitted to do by an old Roman

To swallow, imbibe.

Nouther of lefe ne loth, thi lordschip to purchace priest that then lived abscondedly in Oxon.

To be wholly occupied by, or engaged in, de-
Thou may fulle lightly haf absolutioun,

Wood. Athene Oxon. For it was a gilery, thou knew not ther tresoun. voted to, immersed, plunged, or lost in the con-
If he absconds, and it is thought proper to pursue him to

R. Brunne, p. 215. templation of. an outlawry, then a greater exactness is necessary.

For the nature ne tooke not her begynning, of thynges For no thyng as Luther sayeth can damne a Christen
Blackstone. Com. b. iv. c. 24. amenused and imparfite, but it proceedeth of thynges that / man, saue onely lacke of beliefe. For all other synnes til

times these birds. (swallowed cofreither caboscond, of betake is free from bound, restriction, uncertainty, imper- partake of some of the qualities of boths is our personed by

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bellese and faith städ faste) be quite absorpt and supped up tinguish, and yet prefer that which is truly better, he is the Abstersive and mundifying clysters also are good to conhe sayth in that fayth.-Sir T. More. Works, p. 267. true way-faring Christian.

clude with, to draw away the reliques of the humours, that

Milton. Liberty of Unlicensed Printing. may have descended to the lower region of the body. Beholde, a bryght cloude ouershadowed thapostles, lest

Bacon. Naturall History, . 65 they should be absorpte and ouercummed with the highnesse A Christian playing at dice or tables is not to be admitted of the sigthte.- Udal. Matthew, c. 17.

to the holy communion, but after a year's penance and This I admire how possibly it should inhabit thus long in abstention, and his total amendment.

the sense of so many disputing theologians, unless it be the The evils that come of exercise, are: first, that it maketh

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Consc. b. iv. c. 1. lowest lees of a canonical infection liver-grown to their the spirits more hot and predatory ; secondly, that it doth

Pac. Be abstinent, shew not the corruption of thy gene

sides; which perhaps will never uncling, without the strong absorbe likewise, and attenuate too much the moisture of ration: he that feeds shall die, therefore he that feeds not

abstersire of some heroic magistrate, whose mind, equal to the body.-Bacon. Naturall History, $ 299. shall live.

his high office, dares lead Irim both to know and do without Where to place that concurrence of water (the river Jor- Beaumont and Fletcher Love's Cure, Act. ii. sc. I. their frivolous case-putting.-Milton. Tetrackordon. dan) or place of its absorbition, there is no authentick If thou hadst ever re-admitted Adam into Paradise, how Nor will we affirm that iron indigested, receiveth in the decision. -Sir T. Brown. Tracts, p. 165. abstinently would he have walked by that tree!

stomach of the Oestridge no alteration at all; but if any The aversion of God's face is confusion; the least bend

Donne, Devotions, p. 623. such there be, we suspect this effect rather from some way

of corrosion, than any of digestion • •; but rather ing of his brow is perdition; but his “totus æstus," his I haue deliuerd to Lord Angelo, whole fury is the utter ubsorption of the creature.

(A man of stricture and firme abstinence),

some attrition from an acide and vitriolous humidity in the Bp. Hall. Remains, p. 24. My absolute power, and place here in Vienna.

stomach, which may absterse and shave the scorious parts This abolition of their name happened about the end of

Shakespeare. Meas. for Mfcas. Act i. sc. 2.

thereof.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 22. the first century after Christ; for after that we hear no Can you fast? your stomacks are too young,

And contemplating the calicular shafts, and uncous dismore mentioned of the name of the Edomites or Idumeans, And abstinence ingenders maladies.

posure of their extremities, so accommodable unto the office it being by that time wholly absorbed in the name of Jews.

Id. Love's L. Lost, Act iv. sc. 3.

of abstersion, not condemn as wholly improbable the conceit Prideaux. Connection, pt. ii. b. v. an. 129.

of those who accept it, for the herb Borith. After some time of separation from the other pure Chris

Id. The Gurden of Cyrus, c. 3 Circe in vain invites the feast to share ;

tians in worship, and an abstention from the sacrament, Absent I ponder, and absorpt in care:

they (the penitents) were admitted again to their share of A tablet stood of that abstersive tree, While scenes of woe rose anxious in my breast,

all the privileges that were given in common to Christians. Where Æthiop's swarthy bird did build her nest, The queen beheld me and these words addrest.

Burnet. Hist. Ref. Inlaid it was with Lybian ivory,
Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. x.

Drawn from the jaws of Afric's prudent beast.
Every one for himself must in particular, with the pru-

Denham. On Chess. Coagulators of the humours (are) those things which expel

dence and sobriety of a Christian, determine the measures the most fuid parts, as in the case of incrassating, or

and degrees of that abstinence, which the law of God has Indeed simple wounds have been soundly and suddenly thickening; and those things which suck up some of the not determined, and the laws or customs of men have in cured therewith, which is imputed to the abstersireness of fluid parts, as absorbents.--Arbuthnot. On Diet, $ 10. reason no power to determine.-Clarke, vol. ii. Ser. 173. this water (Epsom), keeping a wound clean, till the balsome Those twinkling tiny lustres of the land,

As for fasting and abstinence, which is many times very

of nature doth recover it.- Fuller. Worthies. Surrey. Drop one by one from Fame's neglecting hand;

helpful and subservient to the ends of religion, there is no The seats with purple clothe in order due; Lethean gulphs receive them as they fall,

such extraordinary trouble in it, if it be discreetly managed, And let th' abstersive sponge the board renew:
And dark oblivion soon absorbs them all.
as is worth the speaking of.-Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 12.

Let some refresh the vase's sullied mould,
Cowper. On some Names in Biogr. Britannica.

Some bid the goblets boast their native gold.
Call'd to the temple of impure delight,

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xx.
To what has been enumerated, as officiating in the single

He that abstains, and he alone, does right. act of a man's raising his hand to his head, must be added

If a wish wander that way, call it home;

Yet many simples have other qualities, which seem chiefly likewise, all that is necessary, and all that contributes, to

He cannot long be safe whose wishes roam.

to reside, though not in an elementary salt or sulphur: such the growth, nourishment, and sustentation of the limb, the

Cowper. Truth. as sourness, saltness, a caustick or a healing faculty, absterrepair of its waste, the preservation of its health : such as The temperance which adorned the severe manners of the

siveness, and the like.-Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 117. the circulation of the blood through every part of it; its soldier and the philosopher, was connected with some strict lymphatics, exhalants, absorbents; its excretions and inte

ABSTRACT, v. Fr. Abstraire, abstraict , and frivolous rules of religious abstinence; and it was in guments.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 10. honour of Pan or Mercury, of Hecate or Iris, that Julian,

A'BSTRACT, adj. It. Astrarre, astratto; Sp. This necessarily engages us in the history of the rise,

on particular days, denied himsell the use of some parti- A'BSTRACT, n. Abstraher, abstracto; Lat. progress, and decay of the ancient Greek philosophy: in cular food.-Gibbon. Roman Empire, c. 23.

Abstra'CTED. Abstrahere,abstractum, (Abwhich is shewn its original, like that of legislation, from ABSTEMIOUS, a. It. Astemio ; Lat. Ab

Egypt: the several revolutions it underwent in its cha-

trahere,) to draw away from.
racter, constantly attendant and conformable to the several

stemius, (Ab- temetum,

ABSTRACTEDNISS. To draw away, or separevolutions of civil power; its gradual decay and total


Abstra'CTER. rate some part from other; absorption in the schools. from wine. An abstemious man refrains from

ABSTRACTION, and thus, to refine, to purify.
Warburton. Alliance, Church and State, (1st ed.) p. 165. wine ; ab abstinentia temeti dictus. But the word


ABSTRA'CTNESS. That which is general in
Fr. Abstenir ; It. Astenere ; is now applied generally to that which is
ABSTE'NTION. Sp. Abstenerse; Lat. Abstinere, Temperate, moderate, restrained or withheld language or reasoning, withdrawn from, not con-
A'BSTINENCE. (Ab-tenere,) to hold or keep
from excess.

fined to, particular qualities or circumstances A'BSTINENT. from.

A man so much divine,

Looke heere vpon thy brother Geffreyes face,
A'BSTINENTLY. To withhold, to forbear, to That only thrice a week on homely cates he fed,

These eyes, these browes, were moulded out of his ;
And three times in the week himsell he silenced,

This little abstract doth containe that large,
That in remembrance of this most abstemious man,

Which died in Geffreye; and the hand of time,
But the spirit seith openli, that in the laste tymes sum.
Upon his blessed death the Englishman began

Shall draw this breefe into as huge a volume.
men schulen departe fro the feith ghyuynge tent to spiritis To name their babes.--Drayton. Poly Olbion, s. 24.

Shakespeare. John, Act ii. sc. 1. of errour and to techingis of deuelis that speken leesyng in

ipocrisie, and haue her conscience corrupt forbedynge to be
I was his nursling once, and choice delight,

But man, the abstract
Weddyd, to absteyne fro metis whiche God made to take with
His destin'd from the womb,

Of all perfection, which the workmanship

Of Heaven hath modelld, in himself contains
doyng of thankyngis to feithful men and hem that han

Promis'd by heavenly message twice descending.
knowe the treuthe.-Wiclif. 1 Tymo. c. 4.
Under his special eye

Passions of several qualities.
Abstemious I grew up and thriv'd amain.

Ford. Lover's Melancholy, Act iv. &c. 3.
Moost dere I biseche you as comelingis and pilgryms to

Milton. Samson Agonistes, v. 634.

If it were not in a sacred subject it were excellent sport absteine you fro fleischli desires that figten agens the soule.

to observe how the same place in Scripture serves several Id. 1 Peter, c. 2. The Bannyans, though healthy through their abstemious

turns upon occasion, and they at that time believe the words ness, are but of weak bodies and small courage. Darly beloued, I beseche you as straungers and pylgremes,

Sir T. Herbert. Travels, p. 115.

sound nothing else, whereas in the liberty of their judgment,

and abstracting from that occasion, these commentaries abstayne from fleshly lustes, whiche fyght against the soule.

If yet Achilles have a friend whose care

understand them wholly in a different sense.
Bible. Lond. 1539.
Is bent to please him, this request forbear:

Taylor. Liberty of Prophesying, s. 3.
And brynge ye in al bisynesse, and mynystre ye in youre

Till yonder sun descend, oh let me pay
feith vertue, and in vertue kunnyng, and in kunnyng
To grief and anguish one abstemious day.

If we consider a spiritual life abstractedly, and in itselfe, abstynence, in abstynence pacience, in pacience pitee, in

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xx. piety produces our life, not by a natural efficiency, but by

divine benediction.-ld. Great Exemplar, pt. iii. s. 17. pitee loue of britherhood, and in loue of britherhood charite. The tone of his stomach never recovered its natural Wiclif. 2 Peter, c. I. temper, even when he lived very abstemiously afterwards. In this science or mystery of words, a very judicious

Whiston. Nemoirs, p. 273. abstracter would find it a hard task to be any thing copious, Ayenst glotonie the remedie is abstinence, as sayth Galien:

without falling upon an infinite collection, &c. but that I holde not meritorie, if he do it only for the hele of ABSTERGE, v. Fr. Abstersif; It. Abster

Mannyngham. Disc. his body. Seint Augustine wol that abstinence be don for

ABSTERGENT. vertue, and with patience. Abstinence (sayth he) is litel

gere; Sp. Abstersivo; Lat. worth, but if a man have good will therto, and but

Abste'RSE. Abstergere, (Ab-tergo,) to {Christ annexes rewards to) the bare practice of those

things, which are at the very present, though they were not enforced by patience and charitee, and that men don it for ABSTE'RSION.

commanded, and if they should not be rewarded in another Goddes sake, and in hope to have the blisse in heven.


To wipe off; to cleanse life (I mean abstractively from these enhaunsments of them), Chaucer. The Personnes Tale.

ABSTE'RSIVENESS. by wiping or scouring. infinitely esteemable and preferrable before the contraries, Abslinence is wherby a man refraineth from any thyng,

which must farther cost us so extreamly dear, if we will which he may lawfully take.

Gillius reckons up 155 publicke baths in Constantinople, choose and pitch our design upon them, and resolve to go Elyot. Governour, b. iii. c. 16. of faire building; they are still frequented in that citie by through with that unthrifty purpose. the Turkes of all sorts, men and women, and all over Greece

Hammond. Works, vol. 1. p. 465. After this dangerous businesse finished, and for a time and those hot countries; to absterge, belike, that fulsome

The mind makes the particular Ideas, received from par. ended, by meane of frendes, and desire of princies, a truce ness of sweat to which they are then subject. or abstinence of warre for a certaine tyme, was moued

Burton. Anat. Melancholy, p. 238.

ticular objects, to become general; which is done by con

sidering them as they are in the mind, such appearances, betwene the kyng (Henry the Sixth) of Englande, and the duke of Burgoyne. -- Hall. Hen. VI. an. 15.

Abstersion is plainly a scouring off, or incision of the separate from all other existencies, and the circumstances of more viscous humours, and making the humours more real existence, as time, place, or any other concomitant

ideas. This is called abstraction, whereby ideas, taken from He that can apprehend and consider vice, with all her | Auide; and cutting between them and the part. baits and seeming pleasures, and yet abstain, and yet dis

Bacon. Naturall History, f. 12. particular beings, become general representatives of all of VOL. I.



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the same kind; and their names general names, applicable Deaf to reason; and, consequently, without Cor. O you kind gods!
to whatever exists conformnable to such abstract ideas.

Cure this great breach in his abused nature,
Locke. Essay on the H. Underst. b. ii. c. 11, $ 9. reason, judgment, or propriety.

Th' vntun'd and iarring senses, winde vp, I own myself able to abstract, in one sense, as when I ye prophete discribeth the foly of such as worshippeth Of this childe-changed father.-Id. Ib. consider some particular parts or qualities separated from those images that hath eares & can not hyre, handes and others, with which, though they are united in some object, can not feele, feete and can not goe, mouth and cānot speake.

And now (forsooth) takes on him to reforme yet it is possible they may really exist without them. But All whiche absurdities & unreasonable folyes appeareth as

Some certaine edicts, and some strait decrees, I deny that I can abstract one from another, or conceive well in the worshippe of our ymages, as in the Painims

That lay too heauie on the common-wealth; separately, those qualities which it is impossible should ydolles.-Sir. T. More. Works, p. 138.

Cryes out vpon abuses, seemes to weepe

Ouer his countries wrongs: and by this face, exist so separated; or that I can frame a general notion by abstracting from particulars in the manner aforesaid: which

Cleo. Why that's the way to foole their preparation, This seeming brow of justice, did he winne two last are the proper acceptations of abstraction. And to conquer their most absurd intents.

The hearts of all that hee did angle for. Berkeley. Principles of Hum. Knowledge, Introd. $10.

Shakespeare. Ant. f Cleo. Act v. sc. 2.

Id. 1 Part Hen. IV. Act iv. sc. 3 Or whether more abstractedly we look, As a fat body is more subject to diseases, so are rich men

I should tell ye what I learnt of chastity and love, I mean Or on the writers or the written book, to absurdities and fooleries, to many casualties and cross

that which is truly so, whose charming cup is only virtue, Whence, but from Heaven, could men unskill'd in arts, inconveniences.-Burton. Democritus to the Reader. which she bears in her hand to those who are worthy; the In several ages born, in several parts,

rest are cheated with a thick into ricating potion which a Weave such agreeing truths?-Dryden. Religio Laici. The capital things of nature generally lie out of the beaten certain sorceress, the abuser of love's name, carries about.

Milton. Apol. for Smectymnuu. As the abstractedness of these speculations fconcerning paths, so that even the absurdness of a thing sometimes

proves useful human nature) is no recommendation, we have attempted Shaw. W. of Bacon. Distribution of Sciences, s. 13. For by those ugly formes weren portray'd, to throw some light upon subjects, from which uncertainty

Foolish delights, and fond abusions, has hitherto deterred the wise, and obscurity the ignorant. That we may procede yet further with the atheist, and Which doe that sense besiege with light Ilusions. Hume. On Human Understanding, s. 1. convince him, that not only his principle is absurd, but his

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11, Here then is another source of what has lieen called consequences also as absurdly deduced from it: we will

In describing these battels, I am, for distinction sake, abstract terms; or, rather, as you say, another method of allow him an uncertain extravagant chance against the shortening communication by artificial substantives: for in natural laws of motion.

necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly, accord. this case, one single word stands for a whole sentence.

Bentley. Confutation of Atheism, Ser. 5. ing to the abusive acception thereof for these latter years.

Fuller. Worthies of England, vol. i. c. 18.
Tooke. Div. Purley, vol. ii. His kingdom come. For this we pray in vain,

Unless he does in our affections reign:
Fr. Abstrus; It. Astruso;

Words being carelessly and abusivcly admitted, and as
Absurd it were to wish for such a thing,

inconstantly retained: it must needs come to pass, that they ABSTRU'SELY. Sp. Abstruso; Lat. Ab- And not obedience to his sceptre bring.

will be diversly apprehended by contenders, and so made tho ABSTRU'seness strusus; part. past of ab

Waller. Reflections upon the Lord's Prayer. subject of controversies. strudere, (Ab-trudere,) to thrust from. Applied

Glanville. The Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 17. It was formerly the custom for every great house in to that, which is

England to keep a tame fool dressed in petticoats, that the He falls now to rave in his barbarous abusiveness, and Thrust, or moved away, so as to require keen- heir of the family might have an opportunity of joking upon why! A reason befitting such an artificer,


, he saith, ness of mind to discover it :-to that which is him, and diverting himself with his absurdities.

the book is contrary to all human learning. Spectator, No. 47.

Milton. Colasterion. concealed, obscure, diffieult of apprehension, or detection. Well may they venture on the mimic's art,

abused Who play from morn to night a borrow'd part;

The gravest and wisest person in the world may Let the Scriptures be hard; are they more hard, more With every wild absurdity comply:

by being put into a fool's coat; and the most noble and exzabbed, more abstruse than the Fathers?

And view each object with another's eye.

cellent poem may be debased and made vile by being turned Milton. Reformation in England.

Johnson. London.

into burlesque.--Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 1. Meanwhile the Eternal eye, whose sight discerns ABU'NDANT. See ABOUND.

Alith. Insomuch, that I can no longer suffer his scurrilous Abstrusest thoughts, from forth his holy mount,

abusiveness to you, no more than his love to me.
And from within the golden lamps that burn
Nightly before him, saw, without their light,
ABU'SE, v. Fr. Abuser ; It. Abusare; Sp.

Wycherly. Country Wife, Act iii. sc. 1. Rebellion rising.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. v.

ABU'SE, n. Abusar ; Lat. Ab-usus ; past Wretch! that from slander's filth art ever gleaning, Who (Aristotle) in matters of difficulty, and such which

ABU'SER. part. of Abuti, (Ab-uti,) to use Spite without spite, malice without meaning: were not without abstrusities, conceived it sufficient to

ABU'SION. from, away from, viz. all bene.

The same abusive, base, abandon'd thing,

When pilloried, or pension'd by a king. Jeliver conjecturalities.


ficial purposes. Sir T. Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vii. c. 13.

Mason. Epistle to Dr. Shebbeare. ABU'SIVELY. To ill use, by deception, guile, And therefore old adstrusities have caused new inventions ; ABU'SIVENESS. imposition, reproach, violence: ABU'T, v.

Fr. Abouter, Abutter ; Low and some from the hypothesis of Copernicus, or the diurnal and annual motion of the earth, endeavour to salve the

ABU'SAGE and, con que to deceive, ABU'TMENT. Lat. Abuttare. (See Spelman, flowes and motions of these seas, illustrating the same by

ABU'SEFUL. to impose upon, to vilify, to ABU'TTAL. and the quotation from him.) water in a boal.-Id. Ib. reproach, to violate, defile.

Tooke derives from the A. S. Boda; the first outThen, from whate'er we can to sense produce,

Abusion, though now obsolete, is not uncommon ward extremity or boundary of any thing. Common and plain, or wondrous and abstruse,

in the elder writers. From nature's constant or eccentric laws,

To be upon the outward extremity: to border The thoughtful soul this general inference draws,

upon the surface of: to touch upon the edge, o.

And certes that were an abusion
That an effect must pre-suppose a cause.
That God shuld haue no perfite clere weting

Prior. Solomon, b. i.

More than we men, yt haue doutous Wening
As to some other passages, that are so (obscure) indeed,
But soch an errour vpon God to gesse

Suppose within the girdle of these walls since it is the abstruseness of what is taught in them that Were false and foule, and wicked cursednesse.

Are now confin'd two mightie monarchies makes them almost inevitably so; it is little less saucy,

Chaucer. Troilus, b. iv.

Whose high, up-reared and abulling fronts, upon such a score, to find fault with the style of the Scrip

The perrilous narrow ocean part asunder; ture, than to do so with the author for making us but men.

He shall not be innocēt whoso abuseth my name, for I will Peece out our imperfections with your thoughts. Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 267. viset the wykednes of soche fathers in theyr chyldren into

Shakespeare. Prol. to Hen. 7. the thyrde & fourth generacion. Yet it must be still confessed that there are some mysteries

Joy. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 3. The name and place of the thing granted were ordinarily In religion, both natural and revealed, as well as some ab

expressed, as well before as after the conquest; but the parstruse points in pliilosophy, wherein the wise as well as the Who though he lye in a continuall await upõ euery ticular manner of abutlalling, with the term itself, arose from unwise must be content with obscure ideas.

preacher to catche hym in to pride if he can : yet his hyest the Normans, as appeareth in the Customary of Normandy: Watts. Logic, pt. iii. c. 4. enterprise and proudest triumph standeth in the bringing of cap. 556, where it is said, that the declaration must be made

a man to the most abuse of that thing, yt is of his own nature ABSU'ME, v. ?

par bouts & costes destités terres saisies, of the abuttals and Lat. Absumere (see infra, the best. And therfore great labour maketh he & gret bost, sides of the said lands seised. Bout signifieth the end of a ABSU'MPTION. Assume, ('onsume). To take it he bring it about that a good wit maye abuse his labour, thing, abbouter to thrust forth the end. away wholly, to devour, to destroy. bestowed upon the study of holy Scripture.

Spelman. Antient Deeds and Charters, c. 5.

Šir T. More. Works, p. 151. That there is a motion or agitation of the parts of the egg by the external heat whereby it is hatched, is evident of ye north partes, not willing any bastard blood to haue ye rule Yo nobles & commös also of this realm, & specially of the hills through which it passed, i. e. a canal to the Red

The abutments of the floodgates are still existing between itself, and not (as far as I know) denied by any; and also of the land, nor ye abusions before in yo same vsed any loger

Sea from the upper point of Delta. the white substance is absumed, and contexed or contrived into the body of the chick and its several parts, is manifest huble petició vnto ye most puisât prince, ye lord protector, to continue, haue cõdiscēded & fullye determined to make

Bryant. Anal. of Anc. Myth. vol. iii. p. 524. to sense. Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 69.

Sir T. More Works, p. 63.

A'BYSM, n. 3

Fr. Abome; It. Abisso; Sp. Christians abhorred this way of obsequies, and though

ABY'ss. God of , sent vs a newe Josias, by they stick not to give their bodies to be burnt in their lives, whose rightaong administracion and hodiy policive, the lights aßuoros, (negative, ás and Bvoros,) without bot

Ainsmo; Lat. Abyssus ; Gr. detested that mode atver death; affecting rather a depositure of God's word that so many yeares before was here extinct

tom. than absumption, did properly submitted unto the sentence of God, to return pot unto ashes but unto dust again.

began to shine againe: to the vtter extirpatio of false doc- That which is without bottom; and, therefore, Sir T. Brown. Urne Burial, c. 1. trine, the roote and chiefe cause of all abusions.

Udal. Pref. to St. Mark. unfathomable, endless, unbounded, unlimited. ABSU'RD, adj. Fr. Absurde; It. Assurdo;

Legh said, that there was honest devotion in those parts, And him beside sits ugly Barbarisme, ApsU'RDITY. Sp. Absurdo; Lat. Absurdus, and not used with abusion. Pole asked, what he called

And brutish Ignorance, ycrept of late ABSU'RPLY. (Ab-surdus,) deaf. It is abusion. Legh answered, all that which was demanded in

Out of dredd darkness of the deepe abysme, ABSU'RDNESS. an absurd reply, i. e, a reply God's pretence, and afterwards to man's folly.

Where being bredd, he light and heaven does hate. ab surdo, from one deaf, and therefore ignorant of

Strype. Memorials, b. i. c. 40.

Spenser. Teares of the Muses. Melpomene. that to which he replies. Vossius thinks Absur- Lear. Where haue I bin?


But how is it, dum is that which should be heard (surdis auri. Where am I? Faire daylight!

That this lines in thy minde? What scest thou als I am mightily abus'd; I should eu'n dye with pitty In the dark-backward and abisme of time ! pos) with deaf ears. To see another thus.--Shakespeare. Lear, Act iv. sc. 7.

Shakespeare. Tempest, Act i. 6. 1. 10

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To whom Satan turning, boldly: “Ye powers

And spirits of this nethermost abyss,

Fr. Accéder; It. Ac- ACCELERATE, v. Fr. Accélérer ; It. Ac-
Chaos and ancient Night, I come no spy,


cedere ; Lat. Accedere, ACCELERATION. celerare; Sp. Accelerar ;
With purpose to explore or to disturb

A'ccESSARINESS. (Ad-cedere,) to go to. ACCE'LERATIVE. Lat. Accelerare, (Ad-
The secrets of your realm."--Millon. Par. Lost, b. ii. A'CCESSARY, or

To go, or come to; to celer,) to hasten. See CELERITY,

Let first the mystagogical illuminations of the great

-approach, with assent To basten, to quicken;to add to, or increase,
Areopagite, and the ascetike discipline of the anachoretical

AccessARY, or

or favour, assistance, the speed of. Inhabitants of the wilderness, puritie thy eye; before thou


addition, or increase. attemptest to speak, or to aim at the discovery of these ACCESSIBLE.

The inhabitaūtes of Burdeaux sent to him (Talbot) mes.

And consequentlyabisming depths. -Sir K. Digby. On the Soul. Conclusion.

sengers in the darke night, requiryng him to accelerale, and

To assent to, or fa- spede his iorney towarde their citie, enformyng him, that
Far in the deep abysses of the main,
vour; to assist ; to add to, or increase.

now the time was propice for his purpose : and tyme not
With hoary Nereus, and the watry train,

taken, was labor mispent.-Hall. Hen. VI. an. 3i.
The mother goddess, from her crystal throne

Beside all this he was ful greuously,
Heard his loud cries, and answered groan for groan.
For vpon him he had an hote accesse,

Often times I haue seene in other, & haue proued hy
Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xviil. That day by day him shooke full petously.

experience, that the small consideration passed, and the

Nor second, he that rode sublime,

The Blacke Knight. great acceleration in businesse nowe present, maketh great

inconueniences in time to come. - Golden Buoke, c. 12.
Upon the seraph wings of extacy,

And for I fele, it commeth alone of thee,
The secrets of the abyss to spy.-Gray. Progress of Poesy. That to my harte these foes haue none accesce,

Down falling greatness, urged on apace,
I dare them bid, Auoyde, wretches and flee;

Was followed hard by all disgraceful ways,

Now in th' point t'accelerate an end,
Fr. Academie ; It. Ac-

The Lorde hath hearde the voyce of my complaynte.

Whilst misery had no means to defend.
cademia ;

Sir T. Wyat. Ps. 6.
Sp. Academia ;

Daniel. Civil Wars, o. 3.
ACADEMIAN. Lat. Academia; Gr. Ara. He caused also the sayde goldsmyth to be attached as
accessaryehym the holden at

Acceleration of time in works of Nature, may well be

Somethenes, From Academus, an Newgate, in London: where it was alleged, that they ought esteemed inter Magnalia Naturæ : and even divine miracles,
ACADE'MICALLY. Athenian, in whose groves a not by the lawe to enquyre of the accessarye before the accelerating of the time, is next to the creating of matter.

Bacon. Nai. Hist. $ 301
sect of Grecian philosophers principall.-Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 35.
ACADEMICK, n. were accustomed to
This liberty is all that I request,

Lo! from the dread immensity of space,
ACADE'MICK, adj. semble. To them and their That vpon knowledge of my parentage,

Returning with accelerated course,
ACA'DEMIST. philosophy the words are I may haue welcome 'mongst the rest that woo,

The rushing comct to the sun descends.
still applied, and more generally to-
And free accesse and fauour as the rest.

Thomson. Autumn.
Shakespeare. Tam. of the Shrew, Act il. sc. 1. It is an attribute of many bodies to be moved; but motion
Any assembly or society of persons, where learn-
ing and philosophy are the proposed objects; to

They anon,

may be in an endless variety of directions. It may be quick With hundreds and with thousands, trooping came,

or slow, rectilineal or curvilineal; it may be equable, or
universities, and schools, public and private.

accelerated, or retarded.-Reid. Ess. 4. c. 4.
Attended : all access was throng'd : the gates
And porches wide, but chief the spacious hall

The second sort of centripetal force is the accelerating
But ye withdrowen fro me this man, that he hath been Thick swarm'd.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.

force, which is measured by the velocity generated by it in
nourished in my studies or scholes of Eleatices, and of

a given time.-Maclaurin. Newton's Discoveries, b. ii. c. 1.
Achademicis in Greece.-Chaucer. Boecius, b.i.

How safe, how easy, how happy a thing it is, to have to
do with
the King of Heaven; who is so pleased with our by the accelerative quantity of a centripetal force.

He (Newton) explains very distinctly what he understands
From women's eyes this doctrine I deriue,
access, that he solicits suitors.--Hall, Contemplations.

Reid. Inquiry, c. 2. 3.9.
They sparcle still the right promethean fire,
They are the bookes, the arts, the achademes,

Away, I prythee,
Do as I bid thee: There's no more to say;

ACCEND, v.) Lat. Accendere, (Ad-cenere,)
That shew, containe, and nourish all the world:

Accessible is none but Milford way.
Else none at all in ought proues excellent.

to kindle (qv.)
Shakespeare. Love's L. Lost, Act iv. sc. 3.

Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act iii. 8c. 2. To set fire to; to inflame, to enlighten.

I yet through-swomme the waues, that your shore binds Our devotions, if sufficiently accended, would, as theirs,
Eust. Fye, fye, what things these academicks are,
Till wind and water threw me vp to it;

burn up innumerable books of this sort.-Decay of Piety.
These book-worms, how they look!

When coming forth, a ruthlesse billow smit
Beaumont and Fletcher. Elder Brother, Act ii. sc. 1.

But this proceedeth from the sulphur of antimony, not
Against huge rocks, and an acceslesse shore

enduring the society of salt-peter; for after three or four
Then straight comes Friscus, that neat gentleman,

My mangi'd body.-Chapman. Homer. Odyss. b. vil.

accensions, through a fresh addition of peter, the powder
That new-discarded academian,

He (Hotham) had taken upon him the government of will flush no more; for the sulphur of the antimony is quite
Who, for he could cry Ergo in the school,
Hull, without any apprehension, or imagination, that it

exhaled.-T. Brown. Vulg. Errours, b. ii. c. 5.
Straightway with his huge judgement dares controul
Whatsoe'er he views.-Marston. Scourge, ii. 6.
would ever make accessary to rebellion.

There are some opake bodies, as for instance the comets,
Clarendon. Rebellion, b. viil.

which, besides the light that they may have from the
At Lampsie, in South Wales, after the academical life, he

These accessive commands have a use in them, even to

sun, seem to shine with a light that is nothing else but an [Essex) had taken such a taste of the rural as I have heard

accension, which they receive from the sun, in their near
him say that he could well have bent his mind to a retired

raise up our endeavours to a higher pitch and strain, than
course. -Reliquiæ Wottonianæ, p. 162.
if we were commanded only somewhat that were within our approaches to it, in their respective revolutions.

Locke. Elements of Nat. Philosophy.
own power.
These doctrines I propose academically and for experi-

Hopkins. Works. Ser. 26. ACCENT, n. Fr. Accent ; It. Accente ;
ment sake.-Cabalistical Dialogues, (1682,) p. 17.
This obvious reflection convinced me of the absurdity of

Acce'nt, v.
He that had only talk'd with him might find

the treaty of Hanover, in 1725, between France and England, ACCE'NTUAL. tum,) to sing.

to which the Dutch afterwards acceded.
A little academy in his mind;

ACCENTUA'TION. To sing or sound, or spcak
Where wisdom master was, and fellows, all

Chesterfield. Letters. Let. 160.

to, or in unison with :-generally with a reference Which we can good, which we can virtuous call.

And vain were reason, courage, learning; all,

to certain rules of pronunciation.
Cowley. Elegy on John Littleton, Esq.

Till power accede; till Tudor's wild caprice
Wide through poetic scenes the genius roves,
Smile on their cause.—Shenstone. Ruined Abbey.

Accentuation is applied to the mechanical mark-
Or wanders wild in academic groves :
Thus nature our society adores,

An accessory is said to be that which does accede unto ing of the accents in printed books.

some principal fact or thing in law.-Ayliffe. Par. Jur. Case.
Where Tindal dictates, and Silenus snores.

Harry, whose tuneful and well-measur'd song
Pope. Dunciad, b. iv.
Hiss for hiss return'd with forked tongue

First taught our English music how to span

Words with just note and accent, not to scan
Academical study may be comprised in two points: read-
To forked tongue, for now were all transform'd

With Midas' ears, committing short and long.
Ing and meditation.-Berkeley. Minute Philosopher, Dial. 1.
Alike, to serpents all as accessories

Millon, Sonnet to Mr. H. Lates.
To his bold riot.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. X.

The bishoppe being thus determinately purposed touching
The academists do not refer merely to the lightness of

To him Masistius: I have mark'd a post

the death of Edwarde the 2d, and warily providing for hiinthis creature's (the sea-tortoise) body, but to a wonderful

Accessible and feeble in their line.

selfe, if by any chance hee should bee accused thereof, craftily bagacity and caution of this animal.

To me thy choicest cavalry commit.

worketh that the authoritie which hee gave by writing, might Ray. On the Creation.

Glover. Athenaid, b. xxiii.

seeme to bee taken expressely contrary to his meaning, by
The muscles, whereby he (the hedge-hog] is enabled to

reason of accenting and pointing of the same.
draw himself together, and gather up his whole body like a
Several of the most correct lists of our dramatick pieces

slow. Chronicle, Edw. II. an. 1326.
Dall, the Parisian academists describe to be a distinct carnous

exhibit the titles of plays, which are not to be met with in

the completest collections. It is almost unnecessary to Let us prevent his anger by sentencing ourselves: or if muscle.-Id. Ib.

mention any other than Mr. Garrick's, which, curious and we do not, let us follow the sad accents of the angry voice of

extensive as it is, derives its greatest value from its acces-God, and imitate his justice, by condemning that which
In a conference of the French Academy, one of the acade-
sibility.-Steevens, Advertis. to Shakespeare.

God condemns.--Bp. Taylor
micians desired to have their opinion on the conduct of Paul

of Repentance, c. 10. s. 9. Veronese, who, though a painter of great consideration, had, With longing eyes, and agony of mind,

You are to know, that as the ill pronunciation or ill contrary to the strict rules of art, in his picture of Perseus The sailors view this refuge left behind;

accenting of words in a sermon spoils it, so the ill carriage and Andromeda, represented the principal figure in shade. Happy to bribe with India's richest ore

of your line, or not fishing even to a foot in a right place, Sir Joshua Reynolds. Discourse 4. A safe accession to that barren shore.

makes you lose your labour.- Valton. Angler.

Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 3.
Unhappily, by too short a view of things, you have been

Ab. Mark'd you his hollow accents at the parting!

Qu. Moth. Graves in his smiles.
apt to mistake the completion of your academic courses for Ancient Troy, seated on an eminence at the foot of Mount
the completion of your theologic studies.
Ida, overlooked the mouth of the Hellespont, which scarcely

Xing. Death in his bloodless hands.

Dryden. D. of Guise, Act ii. sc. 2.
Warburlon. Charge, 1761. received an accession of waters from the tribute of those

immortal rivulets, the Simois and Scamander.
The academics always talk of doubt and suspense of judg-

The only perceptible difference among our syllables, arises

Gibbon. Roman Empire, c. 17. ment, of danger in hasty determinations, of confining to

from some of them being uttered with that stronger per-
Very narrow bounds the inquiries of the understanding, and An accessory is he who is not the chief actor in the offence,

cussion of voice, which we call accent.--Blair. Lect. 38.
of renouncing all speculations which lie not within the nor present at its performance, but is someway concerned Agreeably to this (short pronunciation of our words) is a
limits of common life and practice.
therein, either before or after the fact committed.

remarkable peculiarity of English pronunciation, the throw.
Hume. On the Understanding, s. 5.

Blackstonc. Commentarics, b. iv. c. 3. ing the accent farther back, that is, nearer the beginning of

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word, than is done by any other nation. In Greek and from above; or else they say no more than a woman, when What the light is, whether a substance or an accident, Latin, no word is accented farther back than the third she says a thing is so, because it is 80; that is, her reason whether of a corporall or incorporall nature, it is not easy syllable from the end, or what is called the antepenult. persuades her 'tis so. The other acception has sense in it. to determine.-Hakcwill. Apologie, p. 93. Blai. Lect. 9.

Selden. Table Talk.

Those atomes, or indivisible bodies, having an accidenIn order to form any judgment of the versification of The design of the revelation of the gospel, is to destroy tary and inconsiderate motion, stirring continually, and Chaucer, it is necessary that we should know the syllabical superstition, and to restore the truth of religion, by correcting most strictly happen many of them to encounter one value of his words, and the accentual value of his syllables, men's opinions and reforming their manners, by introduc- another and meet together. as they were commonly pronounced in his time. ing to us repentance, and securing to us the acceptableness

Holland. Plutarch. Morals, p. 662. Tyrwhiti. On the Language ge. of Chaucer, $ 10. of it through the merits of Christ. -Clarke. Sermons, vol. i.

Which tardy proficience (in learning the Latin tongue) “ Friend," quoth the cur, “I meant no harm; The division, scansion, and accentuation of all the rest of

may be attributed to several causes : in particular, tho Then why so captious--why so warm?

making two labours of one, by learning first the accedence, the Psalms in the Bishop's edition, are left naked and desti

My words in common acceptation,

then the grammar in Latin, e'er the language of those rules tute of demonstration.- Lowth. Conf. of Bp. Hare, p. 18.

Could never give this provocation."

be understood.--Milton. Accedence commenced Grammar. ACCEPT, v. Fr. Accepter ; It. Ac

Gay. Fables, pt. ii. fab 1.

Other points no less concern the commonwealth, though ACCEPTABLE. cettare; Sp. Aceptar; Lat. Virtue is better accepted when it comes in a pleasing form.

but accidentally depending upon the former. ACCEPTABLENESS, or Acceptum; part. past of

Adventurer, No. 81.

Spenser. State of Ireland. ACCEPTABILITY. Accip-ere, (Ad-capere,) If the mind is at any time vacant from every passion and

If one of the legs of a man be found shorter than the Acceptably. to take to.

desire, there are still some objects that are more acceptable other, the man is deformed; because there is something Acce'ptANCE. Generally applied, when to us than others.-- Reid. Ess. 4. C. 4,

wanting to complete the whole idea we form of a man; and ACCEPTATION. the thing taken or re- II, when the bill becomes due, the accepter does not pay

this has the same effect in natural faults, as maiming and

mutilation produce from accidents.
ceived, or the motive of it as soon as it is presented, he becomes from that moment

Burke. Sublime and Beautiful.
the offerer, is pleasing, a bankrupt.-Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. ii. c. 2.

Explore thro' earth and heaven, thro' sea and skies, Acce'ptive. agreeable, approved of. ACCEPTILA'TION, n. Fr. Acceptilation; Lat.

The accidental graces as they rise; As dauith softh, the blessidnesse of a man whom God of the lower ages, Acceptilatio. “A payment or And while each present form the fancy warms, acceptith, he ghyueth to him rightwyssnesse withouten werkis an imaginary discharge of a debt.”—Cotgrave. Swift on thy tablets fix it's fleeting charms.

Mason. Art of Painting. of the lawe, blessid ben thei, whose wickednessis ben for- Applied in the civil law, to a form of verbal ghouun and whos synnes ben hid.--Wiclif. Romayns, c. 4. acquittance.

He will find he has no other idea of it (pure substance) at

all, but only a supposition of he knows not what support of For he seith in tyme wel plesynge I haue herd thee, and I neither am, neither shall be able to requite this your

such qualities, which are capable of producing simple ideas in the dai of heelthe I haue helpid thee, lo now a time lordship's most special kindnesse and bountifull goodnes at in us; which qualities are commonly called Accidents. acceptable, lo now a dai of heelthe.--Id. Corynth. c. 6. any time, vnlesse I shoulde vse that ciuill remedie called in

Locke. On Human Understanding, b. ii. c. 23. law acceptilation, which great debters especially, are accusAnd petir openyde his mouth and seide, in treuthe I have tomed to procure at the handes of their creditours.

Civil society was instituted either with the purpose of foandun that God is not acceptour of persones, but in ech

Fox. Actes, 8c. Bonner to Cromwell. attaining all the good, of every kind, it was even accidenfolk he that dredith God and worchith rightwisnesse is

tally capable of producing; or, only of some certain good, accept to bym.--Id. Dedis, c. 10.

And then the antithesis must hold thus: by Christ comes which the institutors, unconcerned with, and unattentive

to, any other, had in view.--Warburton. Alliance, b. i. c. 4. But glorie and honour and pees to ech man that worchith justification to life, as by Adam the curse or the sin to the good thing to the iew tirst and to the Greek, for accepcioun condemnation of death: but our justification which comes of persones is not anentis God.-Id. Romayns, c. 2.

by Christ is by imputation and acceptilation, by grace and ACCI'PITRARY, n. A catcher of birds of prey:
favour.-Bp. Taylor. Answer to the Bp. of Rochester,

a faulconer.
Much sweter she saith, & more acceptable,
Is drinke when it is stollen priuely
ACCE'RSE, v. Lat. Accersere, or Arcessere,

To heare an accipitrary relate againe, how he went forth
Then when it is taken in forme auowable.
(Ad-ciere,) to call together, to summon.

in a cleere, calme, and sun-shine evening, about an houre Chaucer. The Remedie of Love.

One of the many affected Latinisms of the before the sunne did usually maske himselfe, unto the river, Infernal furies, ye wreakers of wrong: chronicler Hall.

where finding of a mallard, he whistled off his faulcon, &c.

Drake. Shakesp. & his Times. From Nash. Qualernio.
And Didos gods, who standes at point of death,
Rereiue these wordes, and eke your heauy power

The Erle of Warwicke thought it moste necessary for him
to give hym (Edw. IV.) battaile with spede, and thereupon to go or send for ; to summon.


Lat. Acci-re, itum, (Ad-ciere,)
Withdraw from me, that wicked folk deserue:
And our request accept, we you beseche.
accersed and called together his army.

See Cire.
Surrey, Virgile, b. iv.

Hall. Edw. IV. an. 10.

Mine old dere enemy, my froward maister,
For he saith: I haue heard ye in a tyme accepted : & in ACCIDENT, adj. & n.

Fr. Accident ; It. Afore that quene I causde to be aciled,
ye daye of saluacion haue I suckered the. Beholde, nowe A'CCIDENCE, n.

Accidente ; Sp. Acci

Which holdeth the diuine part of our nature.
is y accepted tyme; beholde nowe is that daye of saluacion.

Bible. Lond. 1539.

dente; Lat. Accidens;

Sir T. Wyat. Complaint to Reason. ACCIDENTALLY.

pres. part. of Acci- When the place was redy, the Kyng and the Quene wer If common wryters in trifleyng profane matiers dooe with dere, (Ad-cadere,) to fall to.

accited by Docter Sampson to appere before the Legates, at muche high suit make meanes to obteine and use ye fauourable acceptacion of princes: how muche are we all bound to

That which falls, or happens, or occurs to :

the forenamed place, the twentie and eight day of May.

Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 21. your highnesse! Údal. Preface to the Kynges Maiestee. generally with a sub-audition, of something un

A nobler man, a brauer warrior;
And toward the education of your daughters,

foreseen, unexpected, unfortunate, unnecessary, Liues not this day within the city walles.
I heere bestow a simple instrument,
without design, contrivance, or intention.

He by the senate is accited home
And this small packet of Greeke and Latine bookes :
And sithen thou seest thine fleshly body in kindly power

From wears warres against the barbarous Gothes.
If you accept them, then their worth is great.
faile, how should than the accident of a thing ben in more

Shakespeare. Tit. And. Act i. sc. I.
Shakespeare. Tam. of the Shrew, Act ii. sc. 1.
surety of being than substantiall: wherefore thilke things

But in my deske, what was there to accite
Cris. - Please you to be acceptive, young gentleman?
that we cleape power, is but accident to the fleshlye body,

So ravenous and vast an appetite!
1 Pyr. Yes sir, fear not; I shall accept. I have a foolish
and so they may not haue that surety in might, which

B. Jonson. Execration upon Vulcan. humour of taking, (aside) if you knew all.

wanteth in the substantiall body. B. Jonson. Poetaster, Act iii. sc. 1.

Chaucer. The Test. of Love, b. ii.

ACCLA'IM, v. Fr. Acclamation; It. Ac-
The fer cause is Almighty God, that is cause of alle

Accla'im, n.
Cyn. And if you judge it any recompense

clamare, Acclamazione ; Sp.
For your fair pains, t'have earned Diana's thanks,
thinges : the ner cause is thin three enemies; the cause

ACCLAMATION. Aclamar, Aclamation ; Lat.
Diana thanks them, and bestows their crown
accidental was hate.--Id. The Tale of Melibeus.

Acclamare, (Ad-clamare,) to cry out, or shout to.
To gratify your acceptable zeal.
He bosteth himself to make lawes and articles of owr

Applied to noisy and tumultuous expressions
Id, Cynthia's Revels, Act v. sc. 1. faithe and to adde mo sacraments to them then cryst made, of assent, choice, approbation.
Wherefore we receiving a kingdom, which cannot be

and to consecrate and to make the body of cryste, to sende
moved, let us have grace whereby we may serve God accept- whigtnes, rowndes, tast & other qualities & quätities re-
awaye the substance of the bread, the accidents as the

Justly did thy followers hold the best ornaments of the ably, with reverence and godly fear.

earth worthy of no better, than thy treading upon.--How Paul. To the Hebrews, xii. 28. mayning.-Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 7.

happily, did they think their backs disrobed for thy way!

How gladly, did they spend their breath in acclaiming thee!
If he heartily desires what the other perfunctorily and
Wherfore sithe in all myne authors, I finde no matter,

Bp. Hall. Contemp. Procession to the Temple. with his lips only utters, not praying with his heart, and

either greatly necessarie, or muche conuenient to be spoken
with the acceptabilities of a good life, the amen shall be more of concernyng any high enterprise : I therfore, leauyng

-Gladly then he mix'd
than all the prayer.--Bp. Taylor, vol. iii. Ser. 10.
bothe the nacions, daily studiyng how to greue, and gain

Among those friendly powers, who him receiv'd
of the other, will turne againe to other thynges accidentall

With joy and acclamations loud, that one,
God is no accepter of persons, neither riches nor poverty whiche chaunced in this XII yere.-Hall. Hen.VI. an. 12.

That of so many myriads fallen, yet one,
are a means to procure his favour: but in all conditions of

Return'd, not lost.-Milton. Par. Lost, b. vi.
men, he that loveth righteousness, and hateth iniquity, shall

If all the yeare were playing holidaies,
be accepted by him.--Chillingworth, Ser. 3. $ 33.
To sport, would be as tedious as to worke;

The king (Lewis XIV.) himselfe, like a young Apollo,
But when they seldome come, they wisht-for come,

was in a sute so cover'd with rich embrodry, that one could Such with him

And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents.
Finds no acceptance, nor can find; for how

perceive nothing of the stuff under it; he went almost the Can hearts, not free, be tried whether they serve

Shakespeare. 1 Part Hen. IV. Act i. sc. 2.

whole way with his hat in hand, saluting the ladys and Willing or no, who will, but what they must And not a man for being simply man,

acclamators who had fill'd the windows with their beauty, By destiny, and can no other choose! Hath any honour; but honour'd for those honours

and the aire wth Vive le Roy.--Evelyn. Memoirs, an. 1651.
Milton. Paradise Lost, b.v.
That are without him; as place, riches, and fauour,

The berald ends: the vaulted firmament,
Prizes of accident, as oft as merit.
This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation,

With loud acclaims and vast applause is rent.

Id. Tro. and Cres. Act ii. sc. 3.
that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners.

Dryden. Palamon & Areite.
Paul. Tim. iv. 15.

With an unheedful eye,
An accidental view, as men see multitudes,

Angus. Thou shalt be crown'd:-
When the school-men talk of recla ralio in morals, either
That the next day dare pot precisely say

An iron crown intensely hot shall gird
they understand riason, as it is governed by a conimand
They saw that face, or that, amongst 'em all.

Thy hoary temples; while the shouting crowd
Beaumont Fletcher. Maid in the Mill, Act v. sc. 2

Acclaims thee king of traitors.

Smollett. Regicide, Act v. sc. 8 12

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