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Love only, according to the temper of it, melting itself My father, ane the gont. are in sad talke, and we'll not Another time wold she sit and thinke
And cast het eyen downward fro the brink,
Id. Il'inter's Tale, Act iv. sc, 3. But whan she saw the grisly rockes blake,
For veray fere so wold hire herte quake,
Than hire feet she might hire not sustene.
Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 1169.
The wyne, whiche he was wonte to drinke
He toke then of the welles brinke.-Gower. Con. 4. b. i.
a little hill standing hard by the brinke, whereon as they Now faire Hippolita, our puptiall houre
thought they sawe the hill of Jerusalem.
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. F 105.
Another moon: but, me thinkes how slow
Into this wild abyss the warie fend
Id. Midsummer Night's Dreame, Act I. sc. 1.
Stood on the brink of Hell and look'd awhile
Pondering his voyage. Milton. Paradise Lost, b. il.
Troy. Ajax hath tane Æneas; shall it be?
And on the dark-green grass, beside the brink
or baunted stream, that by the roots of oak
Rolls o'er the rocky channel, lie at large,
And sing the glories of the circling year.
If a man will throw himself in the way of danger, and
When briars shall have leaves as well as thornes,
venture to the very brink of vice, he must expect that the Seems o'er a thousand raging waves to burn.
And be as sweet as sharpe.
slightest temptations will get the better of his virtue, allThomson. Winter. Id. All's Well that End's Well, Act iv. sc. 4.
ready half subdued.-Porteus, vol. i. Ser. 4. His [Duke of Bedford's] ribs, his fins, his whalebone, his
Bast. What you haue charg'd me with,
How often has public calamity been arrested on the very blubber, the very spiracles through which he spouts a torrent
That I haue done,
brink of ruin by the seasonable energy of a single man. of brine against his origin, and covers me all over with the
And more, much more, the time will bring it out.
Have we no such man amongst us? spray, every thing of him and about him is from the throne.
Id. Lear, Act v. sc. 3.
Burke. Letter to W. Elliot, Esq.
Fr. Brusque; It. and Sp.
Bri'skly. nage, call sharp wine, vino brus-
BRI'siness. co; whence M. Ferrari believes
Id. 2 Part Hen. IV. Act ii. sc. 3.
Brusco to have been formed from Labrusca, a from one place to another, either by bearing or
Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob seru'd for; wild vine. See BRUSK.
A thing not in his power to bring to passe. carrying, leading or drawing.
Brusque, lively, quick. Vin bruse
wine of Id. Merchant of Venice, Act i. sc. 3. It is equivalent to the Lat. ferre, vehere, trahere,
a quick, sharp, or smart taste,” (Cotgrave.) ducere, as, to bring or bear, to bring or carry, to
Let him but be testimonied in his owne bringings forth, and he shall appeare to the envious, a schollar, a statesman,
See, here be all the pleasures bring or draw, to bring or lead. With English and a soldier.-Id. Measure for Measure, Act iii. sc. 2. That fancy can beget on youthful thoughts, prepositions subjoined it is equivalent also to the
When the fresh blood glows lively, and returns
Brisk as the April buds in primrose season.
Milton. Comus, particularly of the verb ducere, we have adopted And turn my hands against all those
Half afraid he first in our own language. As
That are their enemies.-Milton, Psalm 8).
Against the window beats; then, brisk, alights
On the warm hearth; then hopping o'er the floor
Eyes all the smiling family askance.-Thomson. Winter,
Ralegh so spedily and effectually repaired his crazy mast,
Id. Paradise Lost, b. X.
and so briskly ply'd his sails, that he overtook his consorts To educe, and to educate, to bring or lead out.
next day, and on the eighth of September they all made the
island of Tercera.-Oldys. Life of Ralegh.
It must be confessed there are some advantages to be
attained by academical disputation. It gives vigour and
briskness to the mind thus exercised, and relieves the lanAs may advise him of his happie state.--Id. Ib. b. v.
gour of private study and meditation.
Watts. Improvement of the Mind, pt. i. c. 13.
Forth from his lips, prepar'd at all to rail,
Torrents of nonsense burst like bottled ale,
Though shallow, muddy ; brisk, though mighty dull;
Fierce without strength; o'erflowing, though not full. Id. Vacation Ex.
Jenyns, The Modern Fine Gentleman. found. And as in the Latin the difference in the mean- Henry himself, on the main battle brings,
Come, bounteous May! in fullness of thy might,
Lead briskly on the mirth-infusing hours,
Nor can these legions of the French affright
All-recent from the bosom of delight,
Drayton. Battle of Agincourt.
With nectar nurtur'd, and involvd in flow'rs. joined. The English usage of the words borrowed
Thompson. A Hymn to Jay. from the Latin is almost wholly metaphorical.
When Antony hadde gotten the supreme authority, he Nevertheless he could not or would not finish several subslewe alle his owne and his brothers bringers up and instruc-jects he undertook ; which may be imputed either to the tors, for that they went about to reconcile thē.
briskness of his fancy, still hunting after new matter, or to Alas! alas! the luthur wate, that fylest me thus one,
Slow. The Romanes, an. 209.
an occasional indolence, which spleen and lassitude brought
upon him.-Johnson. Life of Smith.
But soon he saw the brisk-awakening viol,
Whose sweet entrancing voice he lov'd the best.
Collins. The Passions.
and brought up a large family, did more service than he who
BRI'SKET. Fr. Bricket, brechet, from Breche
Goldsmith. Vicar of Wakefield, c. 1. (a brack or breach) from Brechen, to break. See
jsland, would abandon himself to despair, when he first saw The breast.
the sun set, and the night come on; for he could have no
Mar. He that undoes him (the deer)
Beattie. Essay, pt. i. c. 2. Doth cleave the brisket bone.
B. Jonson. Sad Shepherd, Act i. sc. 2
The Black Prince was a professed lover of the brisket; not
the order of Beef-eaters, which are all so many evident and Jouingly, and embraced them in his arines, Mat. 9. and when his disciples blamed the bringers, he called them vnto hym, The part where the continuity is broker, where undeniable marks of the great respect, which our warlike
predecessors have paid to this excellent food. saying: 'surfer children to come ynto me, and forbid them it ends; the brim, the euge, the margin.
Tatler, No. 148. not, for of such is the king'lom of heauen. Frith. Workes, p. 93. The lady had defaute bothe of mete & drynk,
BRI'STLE, v. A. S. Bryst, diminutive, & scho dred ther assaute, hunger was at the brynk.
R. Brunne, p. 122.
Bristl; Dut. Borstel; Ger.
And alle men with wyues and children ledden forth us
withouten the citie. and we kneliden in the see brinke and, from the verb, to brust or burst; because the Shakespeare. Rich. II. Act i. &c. 3.
bristle bursts through the skin. we preieden. --Wiclif. Dedis, c. 21.
| Burst-haar. Skinner suggests
To bristle, is to rise up, stand up; stiff as a'
So that unluckily striking his basket of brittle ware, The youth approach'd the fire, and as it burn'd bristle.
whicu was the foundation of all his grandeur, he kicked his On tive sharp broachers rank'd, the roast they turn'd. glasses to a great distance from him into the street, and
Dryden. Homer. Riad, b. l tipon the cop right of his nose he hade
broke them into ten thousand pieces.-Spectator, No. 533. A wert, and theron stode a tufte of heres
Let no man therefore say, that the scripture is not plain Rede as the bristics of a sowe's eres.
And now the best of briltle ware
in those things in which we pretend it is, because in those ucer. The Prologue. Nis sumptuous table grac'd :
very things the church of God hath understood it one way, The gentle emblems of the fair,
and Arius, Socinus, or some such broacher of heresy another. Then fume we and rage and set vp the bristels, & bend In beauteous order plac'd.
Atterbury, vol. iii. Ser. 10. our selues to take vengeaunce.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 120.
Cunningham. The broken China.
But by reason of his nonconformity, and the many errors And yet the wife maye not bristle against her husbande be- A man who believes himself made of glass, shall yet
he [V. Powell] had broached, his calling was question'd, and cause he seeketh at her handes to be more loued than feared. reason very justly concerning the means of preserving the
the orders being well scau'd, were found spurious and coun Udal. Ephesians, c. 5. brittleness from tlaws and fractures.
terfeit.-Woud. Athence Oxon.
Beatlie. On Truth, pt. i. c. 1. From thence were waylings heard and lions wrathful
Yet when pale seasons rise, or winter rolls
His hortours o'er the world, thou may'st indulge
The mellow cask.- Årinstrong. Of Preserving Heallh. Both bristled groining bores, and beares at mangers yell- also Abroach,
My father was hugely pleased with this theory of John de ing yawle. Phaer. Virgile. Æneidos, b. vii.
Broches, the n. is used in Piers Plouhman, as we la Casse, archbishop of Benevento; and (had it not cramped From hence were heard, (rebellowing to the main,) now use matches, a bit of wood broken or split off.
him a little in his creed) I believe would have given ten of The roars of lyons that refuse the chain,
the best acres of the Shandy estate to have been tlie broacher As a consequent application, The grunts of brislled boars, and groans of bears.
of it.-Sterne. Tristram Shandy, vol. v. c. 18.
Goth. Braids; A. S. Bradan, The whetted tuske, and fur'wed forehead hie, trate. Thus a broach of eels, is a stick of eels; so
Broaden. to broaden, to expand, to diHis crooked shoulder bristlelike set vp, many eels broched, spitted or stuck through. A
BROADLY. late. See Breadth. With frothie iawes, whose fome he chawd and sup'd spit, a pin, are also so called :--that part of cer
BROADNESS. Expanded, large, unlimited, With angrie looks that flamed as the fire.
unrestricted, unreserved, unsequently the whole ornament.
concealed; and hence, (extending the met.) clear Is 't not enough that I must go Into another clime,
“ Fr. Brocher, to epit; to broche a horse is to and open; gross and rude. Where feather-footed time
spur him, to strike him with spurs, almost to stick Broad is much used prefixea. May turn my hopes into dispair,
him with spurring,” (Cotgrave.) My youthful dawn to bristied hair
From south to north he ys long eigte hondred myle To broach a vessel, is (perforare) to bore But that you add this torment too!--Cotton. The Picture.
And foure hondred niyle brod from est to west to wende. through, to break into, to pierce through.
R. Gloucester, p. I. All his brissels, pusht
To broach a doctrine is to break it, to break it The brigge was brode & long, both of tre & stones. From forth his rough necke; and with flaming eyes ose, to publish it.
R. Brunne, p. 204. Stood close, and dar'd all. Chapman. Homer. Odyssey, b. xix. A broche of brennyng fure was putte thurghe an borne,
Thenne was ther a whight. with two broad eyen. The brisly boar, who with his snout up plough'd that was putt into K. Edward Second's body.
Piers Ploukman, p. 352. The spacious plains, and with his grunting loud,
R. Gloucester, v. Glossary, p. 628. Entre ye by the streit gate, for the gate that ledith to perRais'd rattling echoes all the woods about,
Vor broches, & ringes, & rimmes al so,
dicioun is large, and the way is brood, and thei ben many Leaves his dark den.
Drayton. Noah's Plood.
that entren by it.-Wiclif. Alatthew, c. 7.
Id. Ib. p. 489. In Elis first I breath'd the living air,
Entre in at the strayte gate: for wide is the gate, and The chace was all my pleasure, all my care. The Inglis armed stout toward the Scottis drouh,
broade is the waie that leadeth to destruction, and many None lov'd like me the forest to explore,
Ther stedes broched thei fast. R. Brunne, p. 277. there be which go in thereat.-Bible, 1551. Ib.
Ther lances all forth led, & ilk man broched his stede.
And thei steiden upon the broodness of erthe, and en
R. Brunne, p. 305. uyrownyde the castels of seyntis.-Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 20. Crusted with pendants curling with the breeze,
Hewe fire at the flynt four hundred wynter,
Hire mouth ful smale, and therto soft and red;
All thy labour is loste.
But sikerly she hadde a fayre forehead,
It was almost a spanne brode 1 trowe.
Chaucer. Prologue, v. 155
And thus tymeliche as I maie
Full ofte, whan it is brode daie,
I toke of all these other leue,
And go my way.
Gower. Con, A. b. iv. The bristly herd, within their fattning styes,
Had neede turn quicke and broch a better tappe,
It was no dream: for I lay broade awaking.
Wyat. The Louer sheweth how, &c. And broad-leav'd cabbage, for the ploughman's feast. (He] assembled together all his lordes and other of hys Wyll. Content am I, for I am not malicious; but on this
That you talk no more so brode of my master as here you BRITTLE, adj. See Brickle. A. S. Brytan, ceauer and procede in thys broched and begonne enterprice.
have done.-Edwards. Damon & Pithias. BRITTLENESS. frangere, comminuere :
Hall. Hen. VII. an. 7.
He was descended lineally, from great Alphæus floud, That may be (easily) broken; fragile, frail. I then well perceiued thabiliment royall of the Frenche That broadly flowes through Pylos fields. kyng, his garment was a chemew, of clothe of siluer, cul
Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. v. The bot yg lyckenede to our body that brotel ys of kynde. pond with cloth of golde, of damaske cantell wise, and garded Piers Plouhman, p. 163. on the bordours with the burgon bendes, and ouer that a
He toke my father grossely, full of bread, cloke of broched satten.-Id. Hen. VIII. an. 12.
With all his crimes broad blowne, as fresh as May, And we han this tresour in brotil vessels, that the worthy
And how his audit stands, who knowes, saue heauen. messe be of Goddis vertu and not of us.--Wiclis. 2 Cor. c. 4. I found that absent Troylus was forgot,
Shakespeare. Hamlei, Act iii, sc. 3. When Dyomede had got both brooch and belt, Bicause I know the great vnstablenesse Both gloue and hand, yea harte and all God wat,
If we that are the aids of Greece, would beat home those Briltle as glasse, vnto myselfe I saie When absent Troylus did in sorrowes swelt.
of Troy, Trusting in other as great brulelnesse
Gascoigne. Dan Bartholomew of Bathe. And hinder broad-eyd Jove's proud will, it would abate As inconstant, and as intrue of faie, Tho some be true, I wot rigt few are they, And some failed not to take the childe and bynde it to a
his joy.-Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. viii.
broch, and lay it to the fyre to rost, the father & mother But Phoebe lives from all, not only fault,
But as from thought, so from suspicion free.
" Thy presence broad-seales our delights for pure,
“What's done in Cynthia's sight is done secure." tious: for it is now euill climing, the boughes be brittle.
his recovery out of sicknesse, then at that time, and yet it
B. Jonson. Cynthia's Revels, Act v. sc. 3.
Whenever she (the mole) comes up into broad day she Neuerthelesse, we remembrynge the brytilness of your and a greater vent given, and so it came more gushing out,
might be in danger of being taken, unless she were thus promyse and suspectynge though not wholy beleuyng so dregs and all.-Goodwin. Tryall of a Christian's Growth.
affected by a light striking upon her eye and immediately much vnstedfastness thought it right expedient and neces. But he will say, that all this old wine savours of the cask ; warning her to bury herself in her proper element. sarie to put our saide realme in a redynes for resistyng of therefore we will spend no more time in broaching of it.
Spectator, No. 121. your sayde enterprises.-llall. Hen. VIII. an. 5. Taste of the new.-Spelman. The Apology.
With broaden'd nostrils to the sky upturn'd,
The conscious heifer snuffs the stormy gale.
That thinke upon what thing him liketh best,
He would rather go sociably te hell, than in the uncomFearing much by the fresh example they had of late, the
Browne. The Shepheard's Pipe, Ecl. 1. fortable solitude of precise singularity to heaven, the jollity frailtie and brittlenesse of high fortunes.
of the company made him overlook the broadness and danger There was never any heresy so damnable, nor schism so
of the way.-South, vol. viii. Ser. 6. Holland. Ammianus, p. 286. dangerous, ever brewed in hell, or broached on earth, but it Por no man takes or keeps a vow
hath been swallowed down by some or other only upon this From vaster hopes than his he seem'd to fall, But just as he sees others do ;
account, because it hath been commended and presented to That durst attempt the British admiral, Nor are they oblig'd to be so briltle,
the world under the colour of piety and religion, whereof From her hroadsides a ruder fiane is throwo s pot to yield and bow a little.- Hudibras, pt. iji. c. 3. thc broachers of it have been strict and zealous professors. Than from the fiery chariot of the sun.
Waller. Instructions to a Painter Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 136.
The only glass.
To explore a road which is entirely unknown to us, by a feeble and dubious light is a totally different thing from én
of rubies, saphires, and of perles white
Lette the other company drawe towards Newcastle vpo. deavouring to trace it out again by the same light, after it
Were all his clothes browed up and doun
Tyne, and passe the ryuer: and enter into the Bysshoprike has been once shown to us in broad and open day,
For he in gemmes gritly gran delite.
of Durham, and burne and exyle the countrey: we shall
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14,386. make a great breull in Englande or our ennemyes be Porteus, vol. i. Ser. 7.
prouyded.-Berners. Froissart. Cronycie, vol. ij. c. liv. Dumorier has dropped singular hints. Custine has spoken the Lord; and called her mayde, &c. broyded and plated
She rose vp from the place, where she had lien flat before out more broadly.--Burke. On the Present State of Affairs.
Normandy is a patient sufferer of mischiefs, though it be her heere.--Bible, 1551. Judith, c. 10.
no large region, it doth tolerate sedition very long, and ny BROCA'DE. Sp. Brocado; It. Brocato; A spoyle of diuers coloures for Sisara, a spoyle of dyuerse letting out the broyle-maker into France with a free passage
restoring of peace ariseth into a fertile state of substance, Broca'ded. Fr. Brocart. Menage, calls it coloures wt brodered workes, dyuerse coloured browdered
Stow. Hen. I. an. 1104, a stuff. Cotgrave, brochée d'or, d'argent, ou le
work for the necke for a praye.--Id. Judges, c. 5. soyé. See BROACH. Then came in an other bende of horse men, freshly and
The clergyman that in such a time as this, when the
mouth of hóll is open against us, shall exasperate this raging Satin striped or purfled with gold. well appareled in cloth of golde, in siluer, in goldsmithes
humour, and give it true nourishment to feed on; what worke, and brouderie, to the nomber of three score, with
doth he but turn broiler and boutefeu, make new libels This day, black omens threat the brightest fair
trappers accordyngly to their garmentes. That e'er deserv'd a watchful spirit's care :
Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 1.
against the church, and by that means perswade credulous, Some dire disaster, or by force, or slight;
seducible spectators, that all are true that have been made But what or where, the fates have wrapp'd in night,
Some painters merily and in sport, but not seemly and already.--Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 514. Whether the nymph shall break Diana's law, with reuerence, depaint how he was in the royall palace and
Homer illustrates one of his heroes, tossing to and fro in Or some frail China jar receive a flaw
court of the Lydian Queen Omphale, in a yellow coat like a Or stain her honour, or her new brocade : wench making wind with a famne, and setting his mind with
his bed, and burning with resentment to byla piece of Acsh Forget her prayers, or miss a masquerade. other Lydian damsels and waiting maids, to broid his haire
broiling on the coals.--Spectator, No. 161.
There is no preserving peace, nor preventing broils and
stirs, but by punctually observing that ordinary rule of A furbelow of precious stones, and hat buttoned with a redde and white, with the cognisance of their mysteries
equity, that in cases of doubtful debate and points of condiamond, brocade waistcoat or petticoat, are standing topicks. brodered vpon their sleeues.-Slow. Edw. I. an. 1300.
troverted practice, the fewest should yield to the most, the Spectator, No. 15.
weakest yield to the strongest, and that to the greatest The silver knot o'erlooks the Mechlin lace,
The golden broidery, tender Milkah wove,
number should be allowed at least the greatest appearance
The breast, to Kinna sacred and to Love, And adds becoming beauties to her face;
of reason.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 29. Brocaded flowers o'er the gay mantua shine,
Lie rent and mangled : and the gaping wound
He (Bolingbroke) therefore at Pope's suggestion retired
Tickell Kensington Gardens. merely to be at leisure from the broils of opposition, for
the caliner pleasures of philosophy. Such seem to have been the ancient manufacturers of silks, On broider'd stars and azure strings;
Goldsmith. The Life of Bolingbroke. velvets, and brocades, which fourished in Lucca during the
To claim thy sov'reign's love, be thou thy country's friend. thirteenth century.-Smith. Wealth of Nations, b.iii. c. 3.
I will own that there is a haughtiness, and fierceness in
Mason. To the Hon. W. Pitt, Ode ll. human nature which will cause innumerable broils, place BROCK./ A. S. Broc, a badger. Skinner And many a hand, guided by love,
men in what situation you please. BRO'CKISH. S suggests, from to brcak; because O'er the stretch'd sampler's canvass plain,
Burke. A Vindication of Natural Society. this animal breaks and bruises with most severe
In broidery's various colours strove
To raise his form to life again.--Cooper. Ver Vert. c. 4. BROKE, v. Spelman seems to guide us biting; whence we say, to bite like a badger. There mote he likewise see a ribbald train
BRO'RAGE. to the etymology of this word. Brockish, as used by Bale, seems formed from Of dancers, broiderers, slaves of luxury,
BRO'KER. He calls abrocamentum (which it to denote ;-beastly, brutal. Who cast o'er all those lords and ladies vain,
BRO'KERAGE. may be rendered brockeruge), A veil of semblance fair, and richest dye, But neyther of Paule not yet of Peter haue the fore warn- That none their inward baseness mote descry.
BRO'KERLY. vox forensis, i. e, of the market, ynges auayeled, but those brockishe boores haue gone freely
West. On the Abuse of Travelling. BRO'KERY. a mercantile word. He explains foreward without checke till nowe of late dayes. Bale. English Votaryes, pt. i. BROIL, v. Broil or brawl. (See Brawl
it to signify, “ The buying of goods by wholesale, Obrockyshe Comorreane, how darest thū presume to
Broil, n. or Brabble.)
in whole bags or packages, before they are deli
Fr. Brouiller, vered or conveved to the mart or mørket; and father thy filthynesse vpon the authour of all puryte, and
Broiler. embrouiller ; Ít. Imbrogliare. vpon hys chosen vessell of eleccyon.-11. Apology, p. 65. BRO'ILING, N. To confound, to mingle, to
afterwards the separating (distractio) of the same Or with pretence of chasing thence the brock, disturb, to trouble, to disorder, to squabble, to ruptio instead of distractio, he would have led us
into portions or allotments.” If he had said dis. Send in a curre to worry the whole flock.
quarrel, to wrangle, to rail. B. Jonson. The Sad Shepherd, Act i. sc. 4. To broil, (sc.) on a gridiron, Fr. Bruler; which immediately to the English word, to break, as the
true etymology. Junius also thinks it worthy of BROGUE. Dr. Jamieson says, a coarse and Menage thinks is from the Gr. Bpušeıv, spumam consideration whether broker may not be so denoslight kind of shoe made of horse leather, much cjicere, (formed apparently
for the purpose of the minated from to break, as from A. S. Bryttan,-in used by the Highlanders, and by those who go to etymology, from Bpvašeiv, —Bpveiv, to shoot or
exiguas partes dissecare,-Brytta was the name shoot upon the hills ; and he derives it from the spring forth,) through a supposed Lat. word also given to the person who distributed or divided Ir. Gael. Brog, a shoe. But whence brog ?
into small parts. Peruro, perussi, perustum, perustare, perustulare, His armes thus leagu'd I thought he slept, and put bruler. Skinner thinks that brouiller is from brueil ;
The A. S. Bric-ean or Bruc-an; Bric-e, the My clowted brogues from off my feete, whose rudenesse Answer'd my steps too lowd. but there appears not any reason to consider them occupation or exercise of a thing'; Brucinge, a
function, the execution of some office or charge; Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iv. sc. 2. (sc. Broil, brawl,) as two words. the threat of making eat , we need Noise, agitation, and confusion, are included in Dut. Bruycken; Ger. Brauchen; Sw. Bruka,
seem all to be consequential usages: but Wachter not be in pain, for if his coin should pass, That unpolite all the applications of the word, however written thinks the Ger. Brauch is formed from Werk, by covering for the feet would no longer be a national reproach; He coude roste, and sethe, and broile, and frie. because then we should have neither shoe nor brogue left in
a transposition of letters and change of Jabials. It
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 386. the kingdom.-Swift. Drakier's Letters, Let. 4.
might, by no unusual course of corruption, be For God is iust vnto hym as vnto vs, and therefore would formed thus: A. S. Be-wyrc-an, by transposition In Sky, I first observed the use of brogues, a kind of artless he purge hym as well as vs, & agayne he is as mercyfull shoes stitched with thongs so loosely, that though they de- yntovs as vnto him, and will as wel forgeue ys as hym,without of letter r, Be-wryc-an, or Be-ryc-an, and (by the fend the foot from stones, they do not exclude water. broyling on the coales in purgatory.-Frilh. Workes, p. 55. common hasty pronunciation of Ber) Bryc-an. Johnson, Journey to the Western Isles.
If thy meat offring be a thing broyled vpon the gredyron, But Spelman and Junius appear the sounder exBROGUE. A word in vulgar use, but of un- of floure myngled with oyle it shal be.
Bible, 1551. Leviticus, c. 2. known origin. See the quotation from Swift.
A broker, one who breaks goods bought by whole. The barck that broylde in rough and churlish sease sale or in large packages, who deals by retail, a There is an old provincial cant in most counties in Eng. At length doth reach a port and place of ease.
retailer of goods sent or consigned to him by wholeland, sometimes not very pleasing to the ear: and the Turberville. After Misaduentures come Good Haps. sale or in large packages; who sells as agent in Scotch cadence, as well as expression, are offensive enough.
But that thou wilt in winter shippes prepare, But none of these defects derive contempt to the speaker;
parts or portions; an agent ; one who acts between whereas, what we call the Irish brogue is no sooner disco
And trie the seas in broile of whorling windes.
seller and buyer, who is employed by both parties, vered, than it makes the deliverer, in the last degree ridi
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
who makes his gains by so doing. culous and despised. The Britishe affaires in the meane ceason, because that
To broke, and a broker, were used in contempt, Swift. On Barbarous Denominations in Ireland. all discorde was not pacefied and appeased, beganne agayne
nowe to flowe out and to trouble, and set all thynges in a as to trade, and a trader are now. He is a mere Whether the muse—the style of Cambria's sons, newe broyle and busynes.-Hall. Hen. VII. an. 6.
trader, i. e. he regards merely his own interest; Or the rude gabble of the Huns, Or the broader dialect
They eate all thir meate broyled on the coales and dressed an usurious dealer, a guileful dealer or a bargainer. Or Caledonia she affect, in the smoake.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol.iii. p. 307.
Muche is such a mayde to love. here moder for saketh Or take, Hibernia, thy still ranker brogue ?
Lloyd. Two Odes. Thus I thought good, according to my humble bounden More than that mayde is. that is ymaried by brocage dutie, and for the seruice of your maiestie and quietnesse of
As by assent of sondry bodyes, and silver to bote BROID, v. See BRAID or Breid, and this realme, to certetie your maiestie the truth of the whole More for covetice of catel. than kynde love of the mariage. matter; hoping in a short time that your maiestie will send
Piers Plouhman, p. 268. BROIDER. To knit, to plight, to wreath, hatred and malice among vs.-Id. 16. vol. iii. p. 718.
some good order to qualifie these broyles; for their is great BROIDERY.
He wooeth hire by menes and brocage,
And swore he wolde ben hire owen page. BROIDERERS. to interweave.
Chaucer. The Miller's Tale, v. 3375 So were the burgesses of Gait, suche as were there, who Hire yelwe here was broided in a tresse,
were righte gladde to move forthe the water, so that there This much my desire shortly
I entremete me of brocages
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 331. I make peace, and marriages --Id. Rum. of the Rose.
With fowles of baser sort
how can you brooke to flie, After the wronge that thei diseruen.-Gower. Con. 4. b. v.
Pope. Dunciad, b. ii. That earst your nature did to hawkes
of stately kinde applie?
Turberrilie. To his Friend that refused, o In what manere hur husbonde With false brocage has taken vsure The canker'd coin with verdigris incrust,
Surely there canne bee nothyng so bitter, but wysedome
would brooke it for so gret a profyte. Or loue.
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 72. And yet some there are who haue not spared to report that
Cambridge. The Scribleriad. I receiued great summes of monie for the first printing of
And that the nymph Calypso (ouer-ronne
See these posies, whereby (if it were true) I might seeme not
With his affection) kept him in her caues,
Where men, nor ship, of pow'r to bruok the waues, a corrupt marchaunt for the sale of deceitfull wares.
Broʻody. A brood, - that which, the Were neere his conuoy to his countries shore.
Chapman. Blomer, Odyssey, b. xvii, Some of the late doctours of the saide churche have taught cherished, fostered.
For such a tempest of wind arose as ye like in many yecres ys, that a man maie make his confession by a bille of his To brood,—to nourish, to cherish, to foster; to had not beene seene, whereby no shijpe coulde brooke the bande: and receive absolution by a trusheman, or by a watch over, to protect, to continue in a state of
sea.-Stow. Queen Mary, an. 1558. broker.--Jewel. 4 Defence of the Apologie, p. 137.
care and watchfulness, as a mother over her Sweet Nell, ill can thy noble minde abrooke Wed. He does indeede, And brokes for all that can in such a suite young.
The abiect people, gazing on thy face,
With enuious lookes laughing at thy shame,
That erst did follow thy proud chariot-wlieeles,
When thou didst ride in triumph through the streets. Whiche only for the worldes good, And should he know, (I shame he should)
Shakespeare, 2 Part lien. VI. Act ii. sc. 4. To make a treasoure of money, Of this your brokage bace, Put all conscience awaye.—Gower Con. A. b. v.
His opening and closing the debate, his taking on himself He would acquaint you what it weare
that great enterprize at the thought of which the whole inYour soueraign to disgrace. Thou sielie foule what means this foolish paine,
fernal assembly trembled, his encountering the hideous Warner. Albion's England, b, viii, c. 41. To flie to Colche, to hatch thy chickens there?
phantom, who guarded the gates of hell, and appeared to Then after that was I an usurer,
A mother thou mayst hap returne againe,
him in all his terrors, are instances of that proud and daring And with extorting, cozening, forfeiting,
Medæa will destroy thy brood I fear,
mind which could not brook submission even to OmnipoAnd tricks belonging unto brokery
For she that spared not to spoile hir owne,
tence.-Spectator, No. 309. I filled the jails with bankrupts in a year.
Will she stand friend to fowls that are unknown.
T'urberrille. Oj a Nightingale, ge.
Foe to restraint, unpractis'd in deceit,
Too resolute, from nature's active heat,
To brook affronts, and tamely pass them by.
Muster forth into the vally,
BROOK, n.) Dr. T. H., (in Skinner,) deBrooding horrour.--Crashaw. Steps to the Temple, Ps. 23.
Brooky. My employment, which is that of a broker, leading me
rives the A. S. Broca, from the often into taverns about the Exchange has given me occa- The thriftee earth that bringeth out
verb, Breacan, frangere, to break; because the sion to observe a certain enormity, which I shall here submit And broodeth vp her breed,
bubbling water breaks through the earth. (See to your animadversion. --Spectutor. No. 372.
The shifting seas whose swelling waues
Tooke, ii. 248.) See the quotation from Beaum. One year the fraud succeeded; wealth immense
Shall fall, and faile, ere I be false.
& Fletch. Fiowed in upon hiin, and he blest his wiles ;
Warner. Albion's England, b. ii. c. 11. The next, the brokers spund th' adulterate moss,
Othr ge shulle ete barliche brede. and of the brok dryrka. Both on the Avon and the banks of Thame.
As about the fiood
Piers Plouhman, p. 135. Gruinyer. The Sugar Cane, b. iii. Caister, in an Asian meade, flockes of the airie brood (Cranes, geese, or long-neckt swans) here, there, proud of
At Trompington, not far fro Cantebrigge, The compensation which they allow in this plan to their
their pinions, flie.-Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. ii.
Ther goth a brook and over that a brigge, masters for their brokerage is, that is (after deducting all the
Upon the whiche brook there stont a melle: chares, which they impose) the amount of the sales should
The peacocks will breake them (the eggs] if they can meet And this is reray sothe, that I you telle, be found to exceed two shillings and twopence for the cur- with them, because they cannot misse and spare the peahens
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3920. Rt rupee of the invoice account, it shall be taken by the
companie while they are broodie and sitting. Coinpany.--Burke. Rep. of 1 Com. on the Affairs of India.
Hotland. Plinie, b. X. c. 60.
With knightly force and violence he entered the sayd
cytie, and slewe the fore samed Liuius Gallus neare into a BROKEN. The past tense and past part,
When we landed, we perceived the island to be strangely broke there at that day rynnynge, and hym thire we into the BROKENLY, of the verb, to break. Tindall
overcast with fogs, which no brightness could pierce, so that sayde broke; by reason whereof, longe after it was called BROKENNESS. a kind of gloomy horror set always brooding over it.
Gallus or Wallus brooke, and this daye the strete whero 11.3cs broke as a noun, where the
Spectator, No. 501. sometime ran the sayde brooke, is now called Walbrooke. modern version uses breach.
Fabyan, c. 65, A tradesman is said to have broke, when he is a As I was walking this morning in the great yard that be
longs to my friend's country house, I was wonderfully pleased Whilst from the most tempest'ous nooks, bank-rupt, or in the condition of a lank-rupt.
to see the different workings of instinct in a hen followed by The chillest blasts our peace invade, And thei token the relifs of broken metis twelve coffyns a brood of ducks.- 1b. No. 121.
And by great rains our emallest brooks ful and of the fischis.---Wiclif. Alurk, c. 6.
Are almost navigable made.
Col'on. Eclogue. Fairest flower of Roderic's stem, These shoulders they sustaine the yoake of heauy care Gwyneth's shield, and Britain's gem,
She cannot scape, for underneath the ground,
In a long hollow the clear spring is bound,
Till on your side where the morn's sun doth look,
The struggling water breaks out in a brook.
Beaum. & Flelch. Faithful Shepherdess, Act iii. sc. I,
But see, the shepherds shun the noon day heat,
The lowing herds to murm'ring brooks retreat, it be done to hi agayne: Oroke, for broke, eye for eye, and Of tussing billows,
To closer shades the panting llocks remove; toth for toch.-Bible, 1551. Leuiticus, c. 24. The forins of animated nature lay,
Ye gods! and is there no relief for love.
Jones. The Hymn to Bharani. And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he
Pope. Pastorale Summer. hatlı done, so sliall it be done to him, breach for breach, eye But as human society is a perpetual flux, one man every
For purest wool for eye, tooth for tooth-Bible. Modern Version. Ib.
hour going out of the world, another coming into it, it is Phoenicia's hilly tracts were most renown'd,
necessary, in order to preserve stability in government, that And fertile Syria's and Judæa's land. The spirit of the Lord God [is] vpon me, therefore hathe the new brood should conform themselves to the established the Lord anointed me: he hath sent me to preache good
Hermon, and Seir, and Hebron's brooky sides. tidings vnto the poore, to bind vp the broken hearted, to constitution, and nearly follow the path which their fathers,
Dyer, The Fleece, b. ii. preache libertie to the captives, and to them that are bounde,
treading in the footsteps of theirs, had inarked out to them.
Hume. Ess. Of the Original Contract. BROOM, n. the opening of the prison.-Genera Bible, 1561. Isa. lvi. I.
Bro'OMY. Then first from her mad nouth the foaming runnes,
Dut. Bruycken ; A. S. “ Brucan,
haps from the Dut. Bremmen, And in the horrid caue were heard at once
sonitum edere: because the seeds of this plant, to enjoy, to use, to occupy; a.so to brook, to Broke-winded murmurs, howlings, and sadd grones. digest,” (Somner.) Mr. Tyrwhitt says, to enjoy,
when ripe, burst from the pods with a consiMay. Lucan, b. v.
derable noise. Applied to-The Pagans worship God not entirely altogether at once,
See To Broke.
The plant, and the instrument made of its small as he is one most simple being unmixed with any thing, but tresses of my hair.
branches. as it were brokenly, and by piece-meals, as he is severally
To brook is, to render or become submissive or manifested in all the things of nature, and the parts of the world.-Cudworth. Intelleciual System, p. 523. subservient, (as a horse when broken, a broken There lacked no floure to my dome
Ne not so much as floure of brome. spirit;) to yield or submit to, to bear or suffer;
Chaucer. The Rom. of the Rose. Here in particular, it is the brokenness, the ungrammatical position, the total subversion of the period that charme me. to subject, to tame; to subserve, (to preserve.)
And returniag ynto the same, he founde it in dedo Gray. To Mason, Let. 27. For sin he said that we ben jangleresses,
sweped cleane with bromes, but altogether emptie.
U lai. Luke, c. 11
He made carpenters to make houses and lorl gynges, of Tooke, think that the Italians have their Bronzo,
Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 10,182. great tymbre, and set the houses lyke stretes, and couered and the French and English their Bronze,
them with rede and brome so that it was lyke a lyttell from the verb, to bren or brin; A. S. Brennan, to
But for men speke of singing, I wol sey,
towne.-Berners. Froissarl. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 133. So note I brouken wel min eyen twey, Sare you, ne herd I never man so sing,
I am sent with broome before
To sweep the dust behind the doore.
burn, iq. d.)
Straight a broom-staff was prepared,
But as touching brotherly loue ye nede not that I write These will appear in a different light from others, who Which Don Hill no little scaru;
vnto you, for ye are taught of God to lone one another. Yea, with rude and boisterous language abuse and revile the unBut he resolv'd, if Dick did baste him
& that thyng verely ve do vnto alle the bretheren whyche fortune prisoner; who brouebeui his witnesses as soon as That his patience should out-last him. are thorowe out al Macedonia.--Bible, 1551. Ib.
they appear, though ever so willing to declare the whole Colton. Legend of the Guitar-master.
truth.-Emlyn. Slate Trials, Pref.
Thin is affection of holinesse,
In that dayes feates,
For which I tolde thee min a venture
When he might act the woman in the scene, hops broom in our country.—Tatler, No. !50.
As to my cosin, and my brother sworne.
He prou'd best man i’ th' tield, and for his meed
Was brow-bound with the oake.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1160.
Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act ii. sc. 2,
Our wits were at an ebb, or very low,
And to say truth, I think they cannot flow,
I assure thee, (and almost with teares I speak it) there is But yet a gracious influence from you
not one so young, and so vilanous this day liuing. I speake May alter nature in our brow-sick crew.
Suckling. Prologue of the Authors
At morn the nymph vouchsaf'd to place
Upon her brow the various wreath ;
The flowers less blooming than her face,
The scent less fragrant than her breath.
Id. Hen. VIII. Act v. sc. 1.
Prior. The Garland. briweth. Hence the old English saying of a man
So weeps the wounded balsam; so
Disaster'd stands ; sees other hills ascend,
Of unknown joyless brow ; and other scenes,
of horrid prospect, shag the trackless plain.
Melt in such amber tears as these. part. of the same verb. That which is brewed,
Thomson. TVinter. brod." ( Tooke, ii. 420.) See Brew.
Marvell. The Nymph on the Death of her Fawn.
So browless was this heretick that he was not ashamed to
First fruit of death, lies plaintive of a wound
tell the world, that all he preached was sent him immedithe swete kakes, and put them vpõ this rocke, & powre out
Given by a brother's hand.-Prior. Solomon, b. iii.
ately from heaven.-Addison. Life of Mahomet, p. 84. the broth.-Bible, 1551. Judges, c. 6.
With what he begg'd his brethren he relieved;
For one may see with half an eye,
That gravity can never lie;
And his arch'd brow, pull'a o'er his eyes,
Dryden. The Character of a good Parson.
With solemn proof proclaims him wise.
Churchill. The Ghost, b. ii.
You then, who are initiated into the mysteries of the broth better than soup.-Spectator, No. 308.
All are not such. I had a brother once
blindfold goddess, inform me, whether I have a right to eat
the bread I have earned by the hazard of my life, or the BRO'THEL.
Peace to the mem'ry of a man of worth,
sweat of my brow.-Burke. Vindication of Nuturai Society. BROTHELING. by transposition of the letter r. Of manners sweet as virtue always wears,
From Sion house, whose proud survey
Brow-beats your flood, look cross the way,
Cowper. Task, b. ii.
And view, from highest swell of tide.
A. S. Brun: Dut. Bruyn ;
Ger. Braun, (from Brennen, to
BRO'WNY. burn. Wachter.) Sw. Brun, to these apostates & brothells to liue there in lechery. mere matter of idle curiosity to consider how far it is in its BRO'WnNESS. (from Brennau, to burn. SereSir T. More. Workes, p. 258. nature alliable with the rest.
nius and Ihre.) Fr. Brin ; It. Bruno; all from He felle to the talke of as fyne brothelry, as anye craftes
Burke. On Regicide Peace, Let. 2.
the A. S. Brennan, to burn. (See AUBURN.) man in that art myght vtter.- Bale. Votaries, pt. ii.
Her sighs were not for him: to her he was
Even as a brother-but no more ; 'twas much,
Brown means burned (subaud. colour.) It is made those endwares little better than brodelhouses, espe- Her infant friendship had bestow'd on him.
that colour which things have that have been cially where nunries were far off.
Byron. The Dream. burned.
[His letters represent in a very pleasing light] his zeal to
Lengore man he was somdel, thanne hys bretheren were, promote the interests of religion in general, and the Church dulled and worne away in tipling and brotheling houses and of England in particular; not warm and violent counsels,
Vayr man & thycke ynow, & broune here. following the princes example.-Sarile. Tacitus. Hist. p. 88. but by methods of tenderness and brotherly kindness to
R. Gloucester, p. 429. wards those who embraced a different interest.
Normandie alle donn, mykene ther of is brent
Porteus. Life of Abp. Secker. & slayn black & broun of alle that he mot hent.
R. Brunne, p. 197.
BROW, v. A. S. Brawe, bruwa ; Dut.
And next him daunced dame Fraunchise
Arayed in full noble gise,
She was not broune ne dunne of hewe
But white as snowe yfallen newe.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.
To taste (sometimes) a baite of bytter gall,
To drinke a draught of sower ale (some season)
To eate broune bread with homely handes in hall,
Doth much encrease men's appetites by reason.
Gascoigne. Dan Bartholomen.
Now like I brown (O lovely broun thy hair)
And like a griffon loked he about,
Only in brownness beauty dwelleth there
Drayton. King John to Matilda
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2136.
His browny locks did hang in crooked curls ;
And every light occasion of the wind
Upon his lips their silken parcels hurls.
Shakespeare. A Lorer's Complaint.
I expect to see my lucubrations printed on browner paper parentage originally. (See FRATERNAL.) Also
than they are at present; and if the humour continues, must applied to
Alas! what stable frute may Adam's childeren fynde be forced to retrench my expensive way of living, and not
In that they seke by sweate of broues, and travjll of their smoke above two pipes a day.---Tailer, No. 101.
A brownish grey iron-stone, lying in their strata is poor characteristic qualities.
This have I learn't
but runs freely:- Il'oodward. On Fossils.
That brou this bottom glade.
Milton. Comus. A solemn darkness spreads the tomb,
But terrours haunt the midnight gloom;
And, harke! the high hrow'd hills aloud begin to ring Me thinks a brouner horrour falls.
With sound of things that forth prepared is to sing.
And silent spectres sweep the walls.
Drayton. Poly Olbion, s. 29.
Cotton. The Night Prece.
BROWSE, v. Minshew and others say from
the Gr. Bpar Kelv, to feed. Gadred folk togider, als men that had nede, I pitie and prouide a resting place
BRO’WSING, 1. Skinner seems to consider the & com to the bataile with full egre herte.
Beaumont. The World, &c. A Dialogue. Fr. Brouser, and It. Bruscare to be immediately
And in very truth we must entertain our friends and from the Fr. Brosse, a bush ; (q.d.) to nibble the
guests with courtesie, mirth, a smiling countenance, and bushes. write to ghou, ghesilf han lerned of God that ghe loue to- affectionate love: and not to lou bral them, nor yet put
It is probably no more than, to bruise, adre, for ghe doen that unto alle brilheron in alle Mace- the servitors in a fright, and make them quase and iremble
Fr. Briser, from the A. S. Brisan, conterere, to douye.- Wiclif. Tessal. c. 4.
with our frow ning looks.- 11 tund. liuturch, p. 107. brise, or bruise (sc.) with the teeth: to browso