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O Lord my hope behold, and for my heipe make haste The shore at this place seem'd to form several bays, into The King of France used him, [the Duke of Buckingham, To pardon the fore passed race that carelese I haue past. one of which I proposed to carry the snip, which was become in so particular a manner, knowing his vanity, and caressed Vncertaine Auctors. The repentant Sinner. very foul, in order to careen her, and at the same time him to such a degree, that he went without reserve into the repair some defects, and recruit our wood and water,

interests of France. --Burnet. Own Time, an. 1671. Therefore it stondeth you in hande by all meanes, that

Cook. First Voyage, b. ii. c. 6. that daye fynde you not sluggishly napping, nor carelessly

Nay, I have known men, grossly injured in their affairs, snourting by riot and slothfulnes.-Udal. I Pe.er, c. 14

depart pleased, at least silent, only because they were

CARE/ER, v. Fr. Carrière; It. Carriera ; injured in good language, ruined in caresses, and kissed Therfore euyll mote she fare,

CARE'ER, n. For euer she dyde the lytell boye care, (Junius.) Prom-to carry, (Skinner.) Fr. Car

South, vol. viii. Ser. 7. As ferforth as she dorste. The Frere & the Boye. Ritson. Anc. Pop. Poetry, p. 36. rière, Cotgrave well explains

Thug must he steer through Fame's uncertain seas, An highway, a road or street; also, a career

Now struck by censure, and now pufi'd by praise; His trust was with th' Eternal to be deem'd

Contempt with envy strangely mix'd endure, Equal in strength, and rather than be less

on horseback; and, (more generally,) any exercise, Fear'd where caress'd, and jealous, though secure. Card not to be at all. --Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii. or place for exercise, on horseback; as a horse

W. Wxlehead. Danger of writing Verse. TIereupon I have chosen that kind of life which is most race, or a place for horses to run in; and their

CARGO free from the troublesome cares of the world, that I might course, running, or full speed therein."

} Fr. Cargaison ; Sp. CargaTo career, - to move at full speed, swiftly;--also, ship; Fr. Carguer, charger ; It. Caricare, to lade

Ca'RGASON, n. attend the service of God alone.-Cumden. Eliz. an. 1559.

çon; the freight or lading of a With as truch care and little hurt, as doth a mother use, as if in display of skill or grace.

or load. All (says Skinner) from the Lat. Cartus. And keepe off from her babe, when sleepe doth through Puis powers diffuse

As with starts thir bodies all

(See Car.) And Menage, Charger, from CarriHis golden humour; and th' assaults of rude and busie And wings were get with eyes, with eyes the wheels care, formed from Carricus, the diminutive of flies, Of beril, and carecring tires between.

Carrus. Sir Thomas North writes Cargued. She still checks with her carefull hand.

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. vi.

The load carried, the goods or wares carried, or
Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. iv.
Lie. I am glad you are here; but they are all i'th'

conveyed. My wife more carefull for the latter-home,

pound, sir, Had fastned him into a small spare mast,

They never ride o'er other men's corn again, I take it, The brokers came to the water side, and these merchants Such as sea-faring nen prouide for stornies

Such frisking, and such flaunting with their feathers, as soone as they are come on land, do give the cargason of To him one of the other twirls was bound, And such careering with their master's favours.

all their goods to that broker, that they will haue to do their Whilst I had beene like heedful of the others.

Beaum. & Fletch. Humourous Lieutenant, Act ii, sc. 2. business for them, with the marks of all the fardles and
Shukespeare. Comedy of Errors, Act i. sc. I.
He stops, when he should make a full careire,

packs they haue.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 217. And I would wish you to alstayne from iudging too farre, He runs or trots, when he would have him rest

Which did not hurt the Grecian galleys, being made low when you see a man that hath mo liuinys, vse himselfe At last to throw his rider in the inire,

and snug, but greatly offended the Persian galleys, being vprightly and carefully in them all, and otherwyse profitably He plungeth with his head beneath his breast.

high cargued, heavy, and not yare of steredge. to the whole churche.-Whitgift. Defence, p. 247.

Harringlon. Orlando, b. ii. s. 7.

North. Plutarch, p. 105.

So in the mild contentions of the muse, Jehoiada then occupied the priesthood, an honourable, The Count de Alanson in a great rage cries out, On, on,

(The war which peace itself loves and pursues,) wise and religious man. To his carefulness it may be let us make way upon the bellies of these Genoueses, who

So have you home to us in triumph brought ascribed, that the state of the church was in somne slender do but hinder us; and instantly pricks on with a fui career sort upheid in those unhappy times. through the midst of them.-Baker. Edw. III. an. 1346.

This cargazon of Spain with treasures fraught.

Cowley The Adventures of Fire Hours. Raleyh. llistury of the Ifor id, b. i. c. 20. $. 4.

-On with speed we fare

This gentleman was then a young adventurer in the reAll thy fellow birda do sing,

Prosperous; and when the sun carcering prone,

public of letters, and just fitted out for the University with Careless of thy sorrowing,

Sunk to the western isles, and dewy shade

a good cargo of Latin and Greek.--Spectator, No. 494. Even so, poor bird, like thce,

Sabled the pole, we, tilting o'er the waves
None alive will píly me.
On ncean's utmost bound, approach'd the realms

To diff'rent land, for diff'rent sins we roam,
Shakespeare. Pussionate Pilgrim, s. 18.
Unbless'd, where the Cimmerians darkling dwell.

And, richly freighted, bring our cargo home,
Fenton. Homer. Odyssey, b. xi.

Nobly industrious to make vice appear
Ssreet blushing goddess of the golden morning,

In her full state, and perfect only here.
Faire patrunesse of all the world's affaires,
All to the heart return again;

Churchill. The Times. Thou art become so careless of any cures,

From thence resume their new career,
That I must name thec goddessc of my mourning.
But still return, and centre there;

Stirling, s. 12.

It. Caricatura, from
So real happiness below
Must from the heart sincerely flow.-Whitchead. Variety.


Caricare, to charge, to Others in virtue plac'd felicity,

CARICATURIST. load. (See Cargo.) But virtue joyn'd with riches and long life. in corporal pleasure he, and careless ease.

CARE'NE. Low Lat. Carena, carentena,

These words are in common use.
Milton. Paradise Regained, b. iv. Ca'rentane. I quasi, quarentina ; a quarantine,

To charge, to overcharge; to load, to overload; At length, the foolish flie without foresight,

See in Du Cange.

and thus, to colour too highly, to exaggerate, to As he that did all daunger quite dispise,

A Carene, was a fast for forty days on bread distort. Toward those part3 came fiying carelesselie

and water. A Carentane or quadragene,-a Lent, Where hidden was Iris hatefull enenie.

From all these hands we have such draughts of mankind Spenser. Muiepolmos. or forty days of Lent; any space of forty days. as are represented in those burlesque pictures, which the

Italians call caracaturas; where the art consists in preO change beyond report, thought, or belief; See how he lies at random carelesly diffus'd,

You have with much labour and some charge purchased serving, amidst distorted proportions and aggravated feato yourself so many quadragenps or lents of pardon: that is,

tures, some distinguishing likeness of the person, but in With languish't head unpropt,

you have bought off the penances of so many times forty such a manner as to transforin the most agreeable beauty As one pmist hope, abandon'd. days. It is well; but were you well advis'd? it may be your

into the most odious monster.-Speclator, No.537. And by himself given over.--Milton. Samson Agonistes.

Quadragenes are not Carenes, that is, are not a quitting the The painter exhibited a caricatura of the writer, (Wilkes.) Therefore, for Coriolanus neyther to care whether they severesi penances of fasting so long on bread and water.

Churchill then wrote his epistle to Hogarth.-In revenge for Joue or hate him, manifests that true knowledge he has in

Bp. Taylor. Diss. from Popery, pt. i. s.4. this epistle, Hogarth caricatured Churchill under the form their disposition, and out of his noble carelessnesse lets them

of a canonical bear, with a club, and a pot of beer. piainly see it. --Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act ii. sc. 2.

In the church of Sancta Maria de Popolo there are for every day in the year 2800 years of pardon, besides 14,014

Walpole. Anecdotes, vol. iv. c. 4. I care not, fortune, what you me deny :

Carentunes, which in one year amount to more than You cannot rob me of free nature's grace;

CARK, v. 1,000,000.-Id. 16. s. 3.

A. S, Carc, caru, care; car-ian, You cannot shut the windows of the sky,

Cark, n. car-ic-an, carcan, be-carcan, acThrough which Aurora shews her brightening face.

Thomson. Castle of Indolence, c. 2. CARESS, v. Fr. Caresser ; It. Carezzare;

curare, to carke, or care for, to

take care of.

Care'ss, n.
There arose a marvellous schism and variety of factions,

Not from Kap-
Sp. Acariciar.

Cearig, is full of care and fear; in the celebrating the common seruice; some followed the peçety, to soothe, nor from Xagieolas, but from the

and also moaning, grieving, complaining, lamentkurz's proceedings; others allmitted them, but did patchingly Lat. Carus ; q. d. Caritia, carities, i. e. Caritas,

ing. (See Somner.) Cark is applied towe tout some part of the book. But many carelessly con


Anxious care, anxiety, solicitude, trouble. po mneit all, and would exercise their old wonted popish and thence Caritiare, caresser, (Skinner.) mass. --Strype. Memoirs. Edw. VI. an. 1547.

Menage says, de carisciare, formed from carus. Shal noth' kyng ne knygt. constable ne meyre. I wish that might befall the French to temper a little such Carus, cari, cariscus, cariscius, carisciare.

Over cark the comune.-Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 62, 8'i overgrown greatness; but I doubt it much, from the To touch, to treat with gentleness or fondness,

In house, for wife and child, there is but cark and care, prurent King's dispositions, among whose qualities those of to fondle; to treat endearingly, soothingly, flatter.

With traucl and with toyl ynough in fields we use to fare. care esiness or lavishing his areasures, I am afraid, are none.

Vncertaine Auctors. Man's Life.
Sir W. Temple. To Lord Arlington.

II thou dost meane to haue vs pen
The priest, whose office js with zeal sincere
His business (was) about sctling a peace with Tangier ;

sum clerklie worke in deede,
To watch the fountain and preserve it clear,
much respected he was here, carress'd at court, and at both

Worthie Sir Phebe, and to put oute Carelessly nods and sleeps upon the brink the Universities; and he seemed to express no less esteem

our bookes with better spede,
While others poison what the flock must drink,
for our nation.--Baker. Charles Il. an. 1683.

Cutte of the carke that nippes our harte.
Couper. Expostulatinn.

Drant. llorace. Ep. b. ii. To Augustus.
-He, she knew, wonld intermix

Ryght semblablye, this carkynge kynde
CARE/EN. Fr. Carene; It. Carena; Sp.
Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute

of men doe neuer eye Caréna, carena ; Lat. Carina, (a currendo dicta,) With conjugal caresars; from his lip

The ruute, that they haue ouerrun Not words alone pleas'd her.-Milton. Par. Lost, b. viii. the keel of a ship.

in goodles, but haste and hye Do not instantly upon your return from church, return

To retche the resydue. To lay a vesgel with her keel upwards, for the

Id. Ib. Sat. 1. See Calk.

also to the world, and secular thoughts and enıployments; What meane you, my masters, and whither run you headpurpose of repairing, of calking her.

but let the remaining part of that day be like a post-commu- long, carking and caring all that ever you can to gather goods We had no worms till we came to this place; for when

nion or an after-office, entertaining your blessed lord with and rake riches together as you do: whiles in the meana we careen'd at the Marias, the worin had not touch'd us ; all the caresses and sweetness of love and colloquies, and time you make little or no reckoning at all of your children, Lor at Guana, for there we scrubid. intercourses of duty and affection.

unto whom you are to leave all your wealth!
Dampier. Voyages, vol. il. c. 13.
Bp. Taylor. Holy Living, s. No. 14.

Holland. Plutarch, p. 8. Waile we the wight, whose presence was our pride: Carnify,--to cause to be or to become flesh, Gaspar Bartholine hath observed that where the gallet Waile we the wight, whose absence is our cark.

perforates the midriff, the carneous fibers of that muscular Spenser. Shepherd's Calendar, November rests on the usage by Sir Mathew Hale who uses

part are inflected and arcuate, as it were a sphincter, emit more than onee. Such is the thrift of that old carking hag,

bracing and closing it fast.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii. Her houses fall she ventures, but to spare

Carnivorous,-devouring flesh. See CarnivAL,

The musce whereby he (the hedge-hog) is enabled to The simple cost ev'n of a patch'd repair. and INCARN,

draw himself thus together, and gather up his whole body Beaumont. Psyche, c. 2. s. 58.

like a ball, the Parisian academists describe to be a distinct The loue & amitie of christen folke should be rather

carnose muscle, extended from the ossa in nominata, to the Would r.ot common prudence teach you to take the surest | ghostly frēdship than bodily: sith that all faithfull people

ear and nose, running along the back bone, without being way for yo'ır subsistance, and not to suffer yourselves to be

are rather spirituall then carnall.--Sir T. More. Workes, p.1. fastened thereto.--Id. ib. pi. ii. torinented with neeilless fears, and carlang cares, about that which God himself hath promised to provide for you: I

Nothynge so sharpely assaileth a man's minde, as doth Such birds as have crooked beaks and talons are all car. know it would.-Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 131.

carnalle affection, called (by the followers thereof) loue. nivorous; and so of quadrupeds, kupxapoồorta, carnivora Sir T. Elyot. Gouernovr, b. iii. c. 17. omnia. All that have serrate teeth are carnivorous,

Id. Ib. pt. i. CARLE, n. A.S. Ceorle ; Ger. Kerl; Deliciouse delicates effeminate ryght strong men and

Our nobility was wont to applaud the Italians, as the best CARLE, v.

miche the soner the soft Assyriøs. By siche carnalite was
Dut. Kaerle. Carel, karl, in
Capua made a Canne to Hanibal.

examples of elegancy : may we not with good pretences to Ca'rlish, adj. the ancient language of Ger

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 5. sobriety, reduce our carnirorous tables to their patterns of CA'Rior. many, significs robust and

salads.- Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 376. Letter from J. Beale.

The Jewes loke for Christ, and he is come xv. hundred strong, ( Vossius.)

But the practice of these (the dog and cat] is nothing, to yeares agoe, and they not ware; we also haue loked for A carle is a robust, strong man ; a rustick,

what the animals of the forest endure. As these mostly live Antichrist, and he hath raigned as long, and we not ware: labouring man ; uncivilized, unpolished, rude,

upon accidental carnage, so they are often known to remain and that because either of vs looked carnally for hym and

without food for several weeks together. brutal. See CHURL. not in the places where we ought to haue sought,

Goldsmith. Animated Nature, pt. ii. c. 6.

Tyndall. Workes, p. 60. The miller was a stout carl for the nones,

But if in this inconsiderable part of the globe. such a carnage But such as stubbernly maintaine Moses lawe literally & Full bigge he was of braun, and eke of bones.

[2,000,000) has been made in two or three short reigns, and carnally understanden, excepte they forsaking the carnalChaucer. Prologue, v. 547.

that this great carnage, great as it is, makes but a minute ness thereof, fal from it to the spirite, neither do please God He woulde not seeme

part of what the histories of that people inform us they nor can.--Udal. Rom. c. 8.

suffered; what shall we judge of countries more extended, Like one of carlish abiecte minde,

and which have waged wars far more considerable ? so vyle a thing esteme.- Drant. Horace, b. i. Sat. 2. By which device they encountered and fought with even fronts, and on equall hand for number: so he put the elle

Burke. V'indication of Natural Society. Full of ache, sorrow and griefe, children againe, dizards, Inies to flight, and with those few souldiers, which he had, CARNATION, n. 1 Lat. Caro, carnis, flesh; they carle many times as they sit, and talke to themselves. he made great carnage of them.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 371.

CARNATIONED. Fr. Incarnadine ; It. CarBurton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 60.

The carnage and execution was no less after the conflict, nadiro. Color carnis, eolour of tlesh, (Skinner.) So vp he rose, and thence amounted streight,

then during the tight: for whereas there were many more of Mr. Steevens says, carnardine is the old term Which when the carle bebeld, and saw his guest them slaine outright in the place than taken prisoners, those

for carnation, Would safe depart, for all his subtile sleight,

And quotes the old comedy as bealso that were prisoners, they spared not, but murdered He chose an halter from among the rest, every where as they went.-Id, Livivs, p. 55.

low. Hopkins uses carnation as inc arnation, (qv.) And with it hung himselfa vnbid, vnblest.

See the quotation from Wilkins.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 10. There is no talking to such, no hope of their conversion,

they are in a reprobate sense meere carnalista, fleshy minded After the same manner are the several varieties of colours By whose brave carriage in so hard a thing, men.-Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 685.

to be expressed ; namely, by their resemblance to other lle did well worthy of his trust appear;

things commonly known. So flesh-like is carnation. Who in his castle, carelesly defended There he aflirmeth of himselfe, that when he did behold

Wilkins. Real Characler, pt. iii. c. 7. That crafty curlet closely apprehended. the Christians in their torments and suffrings to be so con

Court, gentle Zephyr, court and fan,
Drayton. The Baron's Wars, b. v. stant in their profession, he (Justine) was therewith mar-

vellouslie moved: after this maner reasoning with himselfe, Her gentle breast's carnationed wan. What news, what news! thou noble king,

Lovelace. Lucasta at the Bath. that it was impossible for that kind of people to be subiect Howe, Arthur, hast thou sped! to anie vice or carnalitie, which vices of their owne nature

The brave carnation, then, with sweet and sovereign Where hast thou hung the carlish knighte are not able to sustaine anie sharpe aduersitie, much lesse

power, And where bestow'd his head. the bitterness of death.

(So of his colour call’d, although a July flower,) The Marriage of Sir Gawayne, pt. ii. Percy.

Fox. Martyrs. Persecutions of the Church.

With th' other of his kind, the speckled and the pale. Sil. Not very well, but I haue met him oft,

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 15. And he that bought the cottage and the bounds

God is on our side, and therfore we fear not what the Pope or any other carnalite can do against us.

She here me first perceiv'd, and here a morn
That the old carlot once was master of.

Anderson. Exposition upon Benedictus, 1573, p. 76. Of bright carnations did o'erspread her face ;
Shakespeare. As You like II, Act iii. sc. 5.

Here did she sigh, here first my hopes were born,
Coarse Bothnick locks are not devoid of use;
What concord can there be between a sensual and carna-

Here first I got a pledge of promis'd grace. They clothe the mountain curl or mariner lized spirit that understands no other pleasures but only

Drummond. Sonnets, &c. pt. i. s. 60. Labouring at the wet shrouds, or stubborn helm, those of the flesh, and those pure and virgin-spirits, that

Some profess'd florists make them their constant study While the loud billows dash the groaning deck. neither eat nor drink, but live for ever upon wisdom and

and employment, and despise all fruit; and now and then a Dyer. Fleece, b. ii. holiness, and love and contemplation?

Scout. Christian Lise, pt. i. c. 2.

few fanciful people spend all their time in the cultivation I deem that cari, by beauty's pow'r unmovid,

of a single tulip, or a carnation.--Spectator, No. 455. Hated of heav'n, of none but hell approv'd. For sin wrought this concupiscence and carnal-minded

So, in a garden bath'd with genial show'rs,
O may he never love, O never be belov'd.
ness; and this carnal-mindedness is such a propensity and

A thousand sorts of variegated flow'rs,
Thompson. Hymn to May. 1 desire to sin, and hath in it such easiness to act, that it

Jonquils, carnations, pinks, and tulips rise,
bringeth forth many sins, and they bring forth death; and

And in a gay confusion charın our eyes. CARMINATIVE. Fr. Carminatif; from Lat. tlierefore the Apostle says expressly φρονημα του σαρκος

Jenyns. Art of Dancing, c. 2. Carminare, to cleanse from gross parts; or from Vavatos kuu extpa eis beov this carnal-mindedness is death

and enmity against God: this is that state, in which who- Grograms, sattins, velvet fine, Carinen; as if acting by charm or enchantment. soever abides cannot please God.

The rosy coloured carnardine. Arbuthnot calls carminatives—expellers of wind;

Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, c. 5. s. 3.

Any Thing for a Quiet Life. ard further says:-At the same time I think, I deliberate, I propose, I com

What signature is there stamp'd upon any of the creatures

of a Trinity in Unity, of the eternal generation, or temporal Carminatire are such things as dilute and relax at the mand; in inferior faculties, I walk, I see, I hear, I digest,

carnation of the Son of God.--Hopkins. Workes, p. 716. same time; because wind «ccasions a spasm or convulsion I sanguify, I carnify.-Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 31. in some part. Whatever promotes insensible perspiration is

This oilie substance doth increase and augment within

Fr. Carnaval; It. Curnorale. carminatire.--Or Aliments, c. 5.

the olive, until the rising of the star Arcturus, to wit six- Some Italian writers ( says Du Cange) think Cur. Carminative and diuretic

teen dayes before the calends of October; after which time, norale so called, as if carne or curo, rale. Du Will «lanıp ali passion sympathetick: their stones and car nous matter about them doe rather

Cange, (in v. Carnelevamen,) himself thinks-dies And love such nicety requires thrive.-Holland. Plinie, b. xv. c. S.

istos, seu potius Diem Martis, qui Quadragesimam One blast will put out all his fires.

Yea, and otherwise it is good for the old maine bough to Swift. Strephon & Chloe. feed still and thrive in puipe and carnositie: if we purpose Tuesday preceding Lent, was called carn-a-val,

antecedit, -that those days were, or rather the that it should remaine and carry a length with it. CARNALIZE, v. Lat. Caro, carnis, flesh,

Id. 16 b. xvii. c. 23. —quod sonat, Caro abscedit, seu tempus curnes CARNAGE, n. a carendo, eò quod careat

I would the consciences of men were such, as oyl and comedendi ;-the days for eating flesh are passed. CA'RNAL, adj. animå, because it is with

butter might supple them. But I see they are for the most! The time or season in which it was lawful to CA'RNALIST, n. out life or breath. (See part overgrown with so hard a carnosity, as it requireth

eat flesh, was called in Mid. Lat. Carnale; in Fr, CARNALITE, n.

Vossius.) Carnal, as ap- strong and potent corrosives to make an entrance into them.
Carnality, n.
plied generally, is--
Spelman. English Works. An Epilogue, p. 18. Charnage.

This festive season, which is particularly obCA'ENALLY.

Of or pertaining to the About an age ago it was the fashion in England, for every served at Venice, continues from the Epiphany CA'RMALNESS.

flesh; to the lusts of the one that would be thought religious, to throw as much saneCA'RNEOUS. Aesh; fleshly; opposed to

tity as possible into his face, and in particular to abstain till the first day of Lent.

from all appearances of mirth and pleasantry, which were Ca'rvol's.

They had their Baccanalia ; we had our wakes, answering spiritual. looked upon as the marks of a carnal mind.

to them: they their Saturnalia, and we our Carnirais, and CARNOSB. Carnage,—the slaughter

Spectator, No. 494.

Shrove-Tuesdays, liberty of servants. CARNO'SITY. of flesh; flesh slain or If Godly, why do they wallow and steep in all the carnali

Hobbes. of the Kingdom of Darkness, c. 45. CARNIFY. slaughtered. (ies of the world, under pretence of Christian liberty? |

The carniral of Venice is every where talked of. The CARNIVOROU's. It is not unusual to

South, vol. i. Ser. 10.

great diversion of the place at that time, as well as on al write carnal prefixed in minded and mindedness.

Lastly, that the apostie doth very fitly take the law either other high occasions is masking. These disguises give

in one sense or in the other, either spiritually or curnally, occasion to abundance of love adventures; and I question Carneous, -fleshy, having qualities of, or resem. according to the differing sentiments of those to whom he no: but the secret history of a carniral would make & col. bling those of, fesh. W the epistles.--Nelson. Life of Bp. Bull.

lection of very diverting uovels.-Addison. On laly. Venice.


CAROCHE, n. l. Fr. Carosse; It. Carozzo ; CAROʻUSE, v. Fr. Carousser; Sp. Ca- he supposes the word to have been introduced

CARO'CHED, adj. ] Lat. Carruca, from Carrus. CAROUSE, n. rau, from the Ger. Gar from the Lat. Carpere, to cull, by the monkish See Car.

Caro'usER. ausz, empty it entirely, writers. For carping, the Scotch also use catchy. A kind of car or chariot. CAROUSAL. (prorsus deple vel exhauri,)

To Conscience he tolde Moreover, that during all the time of his empire, he in a word, all out, (Skinner.) Lye thinks it may

And Conscience to the kyng.carped it after. neither tooke up any man to sit with him in his carroch, be from Reuse, or ruse; and Ruse, Junius derives

Piers Plouhman, p. 31 nor admitted any private person to be his companion in the from the Dut. Ruyschen, strepere, perstrepere, so- By clothynge ne by carpinge. knowe shall thou hym nevere, honourable estate of consull, as princes have been wont to nore tumultuari, to make a roaring noise, an uproar.

Id. p. 282 do.--Holland, Ammianus, p. 63.

Menage is to the same purport as Skinner ;- In felawship wel coude she laughe and carpe
Car. She, I assure you, madam,
Ger. Garauss, which signifies toute vuide.

Of remedies of love she knew perchance,
Knows nothing but her will; must be allow'd
Mr. Gifford -- without any authority — asserts,

For of that arte she coude the oide dance.
Her footmen, her caroch, her ushers, pages,

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 476. Her doctor, chaplains. - Massinger. Renegado, Act i. sc. 2. that rouse was a large glass, ( not past a pint,”

And whom it liketh for to carp as lago says,) in which a health was given, the Spun. Old honour goes on crutches, beggary rides ca- drinking of which by the rest of the company

Prouerbes and demaunds slie, roched.-Id. The Virgin Martyr, Act iii. sc. 3.

An other suche thei neuer sie, forined a carouse.

There could be no rouse or Whiche that science so well taught. All this, quoth Ralph, I did, 'tis true, carouse unless the glass was empty. A rouse or

Gower. Con. A. b. viii. Not to preserve mysell, but you: You, who were damn'u to báser drubs

two, in the language of the present day, would be The one of these he carped, as a man of no witte and Than wretches feel in powdering-tubs ; a bumper or two." (See Gifford's Massinger, vol. i.

uerie meane learninge: the other for his verbositie and

negligence in penning his history. -Holland.Suetonius, p.139. To mount two wheel'd caroches, worse,

p. 239, Note.) To carouse is Than managing a wooden horse.-lludibras, pt. iii. c. 2.

To drink freely, copiously, with much jollity. Then for his phrase he carpeth at it in infinite places, CAROL, v. Fr. Carolle ; It. Carola. Me- Carousel, (see the quotations from Dryden,) both for obscure and licentious.-Hobbes. Life of Thucydides CA'ROL, n.

As Britons, that so long
nage says, Choreola, a diminu.
(Fr. Carrousel, from the It. Carrosello, Menage ;)

Have held this antique song,
of Chorea, Somner
a pageant in which chariots (carosses) were much

And let all our carpers produces the word Kyrriole, and thinks it probable

employed, is ascribed to a different source; viz. Forbear their fame to wrong, that such a word may have been corrupted from Carosse, a chariot.

Th'are right skilful harpers.

Drayton. To Himself and the Harp Kupie edencov, (Lord, have mercy,) so frequently sometimes they carowse for the victory very filthily and Then drinke they all around both men and women; and

Shame not these woods repeated in morning prayers. And hence he condrunkenly.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 96.

By putting on the cunning of a carper, jectures our carol to be a hymn, (sc.) usually sung

Be thou a flatterer. on the Nativity. In Fr. Carolle is the name of The tiplinge sottes at midnight which

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iv. sc. 3. to quatre carowse do vse, kind of dance, and so it is used in Robert of Wil hate the if at any tyme

The answcre is fit for so friuolous an obiection; and a Gloucester. See the quotation from Warton.

to pledge them thou refuse.-Drant, Ep. to Lollius. little true reason voyde of malicious carping, would have

taught you that this is rather a ciuill manner and custom to He in that forrest did deaths cup carowse Aftur mete, as rygt was, the menstrales geode aboute,

our country, than a ceremonie of the church. And knygtes and sweynes in carole gret route. Which fatal was vnto the conquerors house.

Whitgift. Defence, p. 537. R. Gloucester, p. 53.

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 646.

But it is always thus with pedants, they will ever be carpPlentie, the childe of peace, in euerie house, What ladies fayrest ben or best dancing,

ing, if a gentleman or man of honour puts a pen to paper,

Did furnish out the tables with her store, Or which of hem can carole best or sing,

Tatler, No. 17. Ne who most felingly speketh of loue ;

Lyæus fruitful cup with full carowse Of all this now I make no mentioun.

Went round about, mirth stood at euerie doore.

Lay aside, therefore, a carping spirit, and read even an

Id. Ib. p. 610. adversary with attention and diligence, with an honest de.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2205.
When lately Pym descended into hell,

sign to find out his true meaning; do not snatch at little And if so be falle amonge,

Ere he the cups of Lethe did carouse,

lapses and appearances of mistake, in opposition to his de. That she catrole vpon a songe,

What place that was, he called loud to tell ;

clared and avowed meaning. Whan I it here, I am so fedde, To whom a Devil-" This is the lower house."

Walls. Improvement of the Mind, pt. i. c. 8. That I am fro myselse so ledde,

Drummond, Epig. 8. As though I were in Paradice.-Gower. Con. A. b. vi.

CARPENTER, n. Low. Lat. CarpentaAnd that monarch, whom even & siege could not reduce CA'RPENTRY, n. rius ; Fr. Charpentier ; There was great myrth on all side,

below a condition of feasting, though he were carouzing in Where as she passeth by the streate, the consecrated cups, had such a brimmer of trembling put

It. Carpentero ; Sp. Carpintero. Menage thinks There was ful many a tymbre beate,

into his hand, as both presaged, and, perchance, began, the from Carpentum ; Vossius, quod ligna carpit, i. e. And many a maide carolende.

Id. Ib.

destiny approaching him under the ensigns of the noble cædit, because he cuts wood. We must by no And eke he can carolles make, Cyrus.-Boyle. Occasional Reflections, s. 5. ref. 3.

means omit, observes Junius, that Hesychius, Roundel, balade, and verelaie. Id. Ib. b. i.

As if he [Benhadad] had drawn together such a numerous Kupreiv exp. 7A9TTELV, ferire, to strike. And Ne nightingale in the seson of May

and mighty army, headed by so many princes, only for the Tooke remarks, that the translation of the Was never non, that list better to sing

glorious and warlike expedition of carousing in their tents: New Testament, which is ascribed to Wicliffe, (he Ne lady lustier in carolling.

or to fight it out hand to hand, in the cruel and bloody enChaucer. The Chanonnes Yemannes Tale, v. 16,813. counters of drinking healths.--South, vol. vi. Ser. 10. alludes probably to his own MS.) proves to us that The same season the princesse, mother to kyng Richarde, The bold carouser and advent'rous dame,

at that time, smith, (sc. one who smiteth,) and carlay at Wynsore, and her doughter with her, my lady Maude,

Nor fear the fever nor refuse the flame;

penter were synonymous." the fayrest lady in all Englade: therle of saynt Poule, and Safe in his skill, from all restraints set free,

A wright, or worker in wood. this yong lady, were in true amours togyder eche of other, But conscious shame, remorse or piety. and somtyme they met togyder at daunsynge and carollyng.

Lansdowne. To Dr. Garth in his Sickness. And tho Sir Maci was inome, & hji withinne come, Berners. Fruissari. Cronycle, c. 394.

An carpenter, that hii sede that sset the ssute, hii nome, But I have probable reasons, which induce me to believe, And ladde him vpe the tour an hee, & made himn huppe to There, on a day, as he perscw'd the chace,

that some Italians having curiously observ'd the gallantries of grounde. (shot the shot.}--R. Gloucester, p. 537. He chanc't to spy a sort of shepherd groomes,

the Spanish Moors at their Zambras or Royal feasts, where Playing on pipes, and caroling apace, musick, songs, and dancing, were in perfection, together

What is the wisdom that is goven to him, and siche verTh whiles their beastes there in the budded broomes with their machines, which are usual at their Sortias, or tues which ben maad by his hondes, wher this is not a Beside them fed. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 9. running at the ring, and other solemnities, may possibly carpenter. [a smith, ether, a carpentere, as quoted by Tooke.] Nor under every bank and every tree, have retin'd upon these Moresque divertisements, and pro

the sone of Marye.- Wiclif. Mark, c. 6. Speak rhymes unto my oaten minstralsie ;

duc'd this delightful entertainment, by leaving out the warNor carol out so pleasing lively laies like part of the carousels, and forming a poetical design for

What wisdome is this that is giuen vnto him: and such As mought the Graces move my mirth to praise. the use of the machines, the songs, and dances.

virtues that are wrought by his handes. Is not this ye carBp. Hall, Satires, b. I. Sat. 1.

Dryden. Albian $ Albanius, Pref. penter Maries sonne.--Bible, 1551. 10.
They heare such notes, and heauenly carolings
This game, these carousels Ascanius taught,

Whereas the tenth day I sent our pinnesse on shoare to or God's high praise, that ülls the brasen sky, And, building Alba, to the Latins brought.

be mended because she was leaky and weake, with the car. And feel such ioye and pleasure inwardly

Id. Virgil. Æneid, b. v.

penter and three more to help him, the weather chanced so, That maketh them all worldly cares forget,

that it was Sunday before they could get aboord our ship. And onely thinke on that before them set. The sun was set ;-they had done their work; the nymphs

Hackluyl. Voyages, vol. I. p. 276. Spenser. Hymne of Heauenlie Beautie. had tied up their hair afresh,--and the swains were prepar- A firm house, though the carpenter ing for a carousal;—my mule made a dead point.

Perish, shall stand.

Donne. To Mr. J. W. Why do the Delian palms incline their boughs,

Sterne. Tristram Shandy, vol. vii. c. 43. Self-mov'd? and hovering swans, their throats releas'd

0! to make boards to speak! there is a task! From native silence, carol sounds harmonious.

CARP, v.
Fr. Charpir ; It. Carpire ;

Painting and carpentry

are the soul of masque. Prior. Second Hymn to Callimachus. CA'RPER, n.

B. Jonson, An Expostulation with Inigo Jones.

Lat. Carpere, to shear, to crop, Rise, sons of harmony, and hail the morn,

Ca'rping, adj. to carve, (perhaps from the CARPET, n. Dut. Karpet ; It. Carpetta ; While warbling larks on russet pinions float;

CA'RPING, n. A. S. Cearf-ian, to carve,) to * Fr. Cairin, a Turkie carpet ; such a one as is Or seek at noon the woodland scene remote,

CA'RPINGLY. tear to pieces; and thusWhere the gray linnets carol from the hill.

brought from Caire in Egypt.” (Cotgrave.) SkinBeattie, The Minstre!, b. i. To pull or pluck out, to catch at, (sc. met.) ner suggests that the Italian Carpetta may be from In the year 132! Wynkyn de Worde printed a set of small faults or errors ; to find fault, to detect or Cairo, and tapets, (q. d.) tapes Cairicus scu Christmas carols; these were testal chansons for enlivening expose faults, to cavil. In our old writers ;-to Memphiticus. the merriment of the Christmas celebrity, and not such hold up to ridicule, to jest, to scoff at.

Corpets were formerly used as covers for tables. religious songs as are current at this day with the cominon people under the saine title, and whichirene

, the Puritan by Jannieson interprets it; 1. to speak, to talk, to ford's notes upon them.

And it appears also to have been used as Dr. See the examples from B. Jonson, and Mr. Gif.

Now applied to Warton. English Poetry, vol. iii. s. 26. relate verbally or in writing ; 2. to sing. And A covering for the floor,

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A carpet knight,
-one that ever loves to be in On twins of hawthorn he regal'd,

This being formed, he contrives such a design, or fable, as women's chambers, (Cotgrave.) Others say, that

On pippin's russet peel.

may be most suitable to the moral; after this he begins to And when his juicy salads fail'd,

think of the persons, whom he is to employ in carrying on they were men learned in arts and sciences, on

5!ic'd carrot pleas'd him well.

his design; and gives them the manners which are most whom knighthood was bestowed.

Couper. Epilaph on a Hare.

proper w their several characters.

Dryden. Parallel of Poetry and Painting. Ir before you returne you could procure a singular good CARRY, v. Fr. Charier; Sp. Acarrear; workeman in the arte of Turkish carpet making, you should

The Spaniards, though long accustomed to an arbitrary bringe the arte into this realme, and also thereby increase

CA'RRIAGE, n. Ger. Karren; A. S. Cyran, to government, resented this proclamation with great spirit, worke to your company.-Jackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 423.

Ca'RRIER. turn. Menage derives the Fr. as an infringement of the common rights of mankind, and

. With whom was Ihon Duke of Burbon, and the Cardinall carriare

, charier. For the etymology of Carrus, cution.-Couk. Voyage, vol. i. b. ii. c. 2.

thus, Carrus, carri, carricare, made a vigorous struggle against its being carried into exe. his for an ecclesiasticall pulpet.-- Ball. Edward IV. p. 234. see Car.

I then affirm that, if in time of war our trade had the good There's a carpet i'th' next room, put it on, with this

To convey (sc.) on a turning, a wheeled vehicle; fortune to increase, and at the same time a large, nay the scarfe over thy face, and a cushion o'thy head, and be ready generally, to convey, to bear, to remove from largest proportion of carriage had been engrossed by neutral

nations, it ought not in itself to have been considered as a when I call.-B. Jonson. The Silent Woman, Act i. sc. 5. one place to another by any means of conveyance circumstance of distress.Burke. Late State of the Nation. Reg. What, are those desks fit now? set forth the table, drag; also simply, to support or sustain, or support; as distinguished from-to draw or

It is from their attachment to their native place, and par. The carpet and the chayre : where are the news

ticularly where they have brought up their young, that these That were examin'd last?

To bear, to deport, to conduct, to behave.

birds (pigeons) are employed in several countries as the most Id. The Staple of News, Act i. sc. 4.

To carry in or to, is, to import ; to carry out, expeditious carriers.--Goldsmith. Animated Nature, b.iv.c.8. No carpet knight That spent his youth in groves, or pleasant bowers;

to export ; to carry over or across, to transport.

To carry, is frequently used with an ellipsis, CART, v. Or streaching on a couch his lazy limbs,

Lat. Carrus, from the A.S. Sung to his lute such soft and melting notes

as to carry (sub. into effect) is—to effect, to ac- Cart, n. Cyran ; to turn or return. As Ovid, nor Anacreon ever knew, complish.

CA'RTAGE. Chaucer, (Knight's Tale, Could work on them, nor once bewitch their sense.

To carry a suit (sub. to a successful issue) CARTER. Beaum.& Fletch. Fair Maid of the Inn, Act i. sc. 1.

quoted hereafter,) and G. is_-to gain, to win it.

CARTFUL. Douglas, use cart and carter, But then refreshed with thy fairy court

To carry a fort, is--to gain, to conquer it. Ca'rtwright, as chariot and charioteer. I look on Cynthia, and Sirenas sport, As on two flow'ry carpets that did rise,

Carriage of the body or person,-deportment, A turning or wheeled vehicle, generally, emAnd with their grassy green restor'd mine eyes.

manner of appearance in motion or rest: conduct, ployed for use in agriculture, or in matters o. B. Jonson. Verses to Drayton. behaviour, management.

business, rather than of pleasure.
Uber. I rejoice
Rare princess, that you are not to be won
She lette no morsel from hire lippes falle,

For ge ben men beter y tagt to schouele and to spade,
By carpet courtship, but the sword,
Ne wette hire fingres in hire sauce depe,

To cartestas and to plowstaf, and a fischyng to wade, Massinger. The Bashjul Lover, Act i. sc. I. Wel coude she carie a morsel, and wel kepe

To hamer and to nedle, and to marchandise al so,
Thatte no drope ne fell upon hire brest.

Than with swerd or hauberk eny batail to do.
There sat the fair,

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 130.

R. Gloucester, p. 99 A glittering train on costly carpels rang'd. A group of beauties all in youthful prime, Here may ye seen, min owne dere brother,

Oure cart shal he drawe or various feature, and of various grace !-Scott. A mwell. The cherl spake o thing, but he thought another.

And fetche forth oure vitailes.- Piers Plouhman, p. 33.
Let us go forth abouten our viage;
Here win I nothing upon this cariage.

Thei ben as foure whelis in the foure horsid carte of the CARRION, n.) Fr. Caroyne, charongne ; It.

Id. The Preres Tale, v. 7152.

jord that bereth him aboute bi prechyng of the Gospel. Ca'rrion, adj. Carogna; Sp. Caronna. All, says Skinner, from the Lat. Caro, carnis, flesh. It nad priuelie conuayed

in theyr carryage to destroy the noble Loe here bee the barelles of harneys that this traitours

Wiclis. Prologue on Alatthew.

Behold my blody woundes, depe and wide,
is generally now applied to
lordes with all.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 44.

Arise up erly in the morwe tide,
Putrified flesh; formerly to the mere carcass,
Whensoeuer the said English merchants or any of their

And at the west gate of the toun (quod he)
or dead body.
factours, shal be desirous to hire carriers to carry their

A carte ful of donge ther shalt thou see,

In which my body is hid priuily. A carrion crow preys upon the carcass, or wares to any place of our dominions or cities, it shall be at

Do thilke carte arresten boldely. carrion. their choyse and pleasure to hire them the best way they

Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 2524 can.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 506. And ther, as ys vncle ded lay, ys foule caroyne he brogte,

Awake and with the dawning day arise :
And rygt ther by pece mele hakked yt al to nogte.
Sir Fraunces Arragonoys hearyng of that chaunce, ap-

To take the western gate thy ready way,
R. Gloucester, p. 216. parreled sixe strong men, lyke rusticall people with sackes

For by that passage they my corps convey :
and baskettes, as carriers of corne and vitaile, and sent
As curres from caroyne, that is cast in diches.
theim to the castle of Cornyll.-Hall. Hen. VI. an. 19.

My corps is in a tumbril laid; among
Piers Plouhsan. Crede, p. 24.

The tilth, and odour, and enclos'd with dung.
No one neglectiue was

That cart arrest, and raise a common cry,
Thilke manere of folk ben the flies that folowen the hony,
Of Hector's safetie; all their shields, they coucht about

For sacred hunger of my gold I die; or elles the houndes that folowen the caraine.

him close;

Then shew'd his gristly wounds.
Chaucer. The Persones Tale.
Rais'd him from earth, and (giving him, in their kind

Dryden. The Cock and the Pox. The lyfe and beautie of all good dedes is of God, and we

armes repose) are but the caren leane, we are onelye the instrument whereFrom off the labour, carried him, to his rich chariot

Nought was foryete by th' infortune of Marto

The carter overridden with his carte.
by God worketh onely but the power is his.
And bore him mourning towards Troy.

Under the wheel ful low he lay adoun.
Bible, 1551. Prol. to Leviticus.

Chupman. Homer. Iliad, b. xiv.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 9024. U lis. He doth rely on none, But we fare as doothe rauens and the carein crowes yt But carries on the streame of his dispose

My lord, quod he, whar that the weder is faire,
neuer medle with any quicke Hesh.
Without obseruance or respect of any.

Withouten winde, or pertourbing of aire,
Sur T. More. Workes, p. 225.

Shakespeare. Troil. 8 Cress. Act il. so. 3. Let bring a carl-whele here into this hall;

But loke that it have his spokes all;
Their proud eyes do not see
Those men are happy

Twelf spokes hath a cart-whele cummunly.
The radiance of my helmet there, whose beames had And so are all, are neere her.

Id. The Sompnoures Tale, v.7837. I take it, she that carries vp the traine, Thrust hacke, and all these ditches fild, with carrion of Is that old noble lady, Dutchesse of Norfolke.

He shuld beare a sicker eie, their flesh,

Id. Henry VIII. Act v. sc. 2. That he to lowe, ne to hie
If Agamemnon had been kinder.
Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. xvi.
Thus oxen, mules, in chariots strait they put,

His curt driue at any throwe
Went forth, and an unmeasur'd pile of sylvane inatter cut,

Wherof that he might ouerthrowe.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv.
And therewithall the sight did faile my dazeling eyne, Nine daies emploide in cariage.
I nothing sawe saue sole Despaire bad me dispatch :

In the meane season by ye diligent labour of ye Lord

Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. xxiv. Whom I beheld, she canght the knife from me I weene,

Barnes, ye pece of ordinaunce was raysed & caried, and Aud by her elbow carian death for me did watch. His looks imperious, forc'd, yet milde, allur'd

furthe was it caried, by this time the French army apered in Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 68. The proud to bow, the humble to be bold:

sight.-Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 5.
What fit, reforming, marking every place ;
But she that much disdain'd this homely fashion,
His gallant carriage all the rest did grace.

Woe be vnto vayne persones, yt drawe wyckednes vnro Doth staine her cheekes with red for very shame

Stirling. Jonathan.

thē, as it were wi a coorde: and synne, as it were with 3 Thrust bark his curren corps without compassion

cart-rope.-Bible, 1551. Esay, c. 5. Reviling him with many a spiteful name.

The very carrier that comes from him to her is a most Hurrington. Orlando, b. viii. s. 42. welcome guest, and if he bring a letter, she will read it If either of you both loue Katherina, of the duties of which persons (formalists] I may say this, twenty times over.Burton. Anat. of Melancholy, p. 524. Because I know you well, and loue you well,

Leaue shall you haue to court her at your pleasure. that if Alth conld be defiled, their prayers would defile their fastings, and their fistings their prayers : so that the joinSome carry-lale, some placeman, some slight zanie.

Gre. To cart her rather. Shee's too rough for mee.

Shakespeare. Lore's Labour Lost, Act v. sc. 2. ing of one to the other, would be nothing else, than the

Shakespeare. Taming the Shrew, Act i. sc. 1. offering up of carrion with the fumes and incense of a dungIf these should not succeed, then he trusted to the frosts

But lest I set the horse behind the curt. hill.--Spülk, vol. ix. Ser. 5.

of the following winter, which seldom fail in that country I mind to tell each thing in order so

to make all passable and safe for troops and carriager them- As thoui maist see and shew whence sprang my woe. CA'RROT, n. Fr. Carote ; It. Carota ; Dut. selves, that in summer would be impassable, either from

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 60. Karoie. Of unknown etymology. the waters or depth of soil.-Sir W. Temple. Memoirs, c. 1.

News is brought to the Regent, that the French by straI am of Mr. Cowley's opinion, that so much of dancing at Their savoury parsnip next and carrot, pleasing food.

tegem of a carter, that with a load of hay coming over the least as belongs to the behaviour and an handsome carriage drawbridge, caused the axletree to break, and whilst the Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 20.

of the body, is extremely useful, if not absolutely necessary. parter was ready to help the carter, the porter's braines were Like a bunch of ragged carrots stand

Spectator, No. 67. beaten out, the town of Ardes surprized, and the Lord Fav. The short swoln fingers of thy mistress' hand. And is this all? Is this the end

conbridge Captain thereof taken prisoner. Donne, Elegy 8. To which these carryings-on did tenu.- Hudibras, c. 2.

Baker. Hen. VI. an. 1448 271




The king hath licenc'd certain victuals into the town, and ! The most considerable and the most esteemed works of Instead of fretting ano complaining, that things gucceeded wood upon intreaty of the Cardinal Gondii at twenty-five Raffaelle are the cartoons, and his fresco works in the Vati- otherwise than he expected, he resolves with himself, that crowns the cart-full, and a cow eight. can.-Sir Joshua Reynolds, Discourse 11.

that condition, whatever it be, in which he actually is, is Reliquiæ Wottonianæ, p. 614.

indeed best for him, and that which he himseif, were he to CARTRIDGE. Fr. Cartoach, It. Scartoccio; understand his own concerniments, would chuse for himsell

be the carrer of his fortunes, supposing him but truly to A sentence well couch'd, takes both the sence and the understanding. I love not those cart-rope speeches, that Lat. Charta, paper

above all others.--Sharp, vol. i. Ser. 1. are longer then the memory of man can fathom.

1 A charge made ready for any musket or ordi-
Felthan, pt. i. Resolve 20.
nance, (Florio.) A full charge (says Cotgrave,)

Each day a sister-lamb is servid,

And at the glutton's table, carod; After these locall names, the most names in number haue for a pistol (musket, &c.) put up within a little The crashing bones he grinds for food, been deriued from occupations, or professions, as wright, paper, to be the readier for use. See Bore, for And slakes his thirst with streaming blood. carttoright, shipwright, &c.--Camden. Remains. Surnames. an example from Dryden.

Moore, Fable 6 Another priest, called Sir Thomes Snowdel, whom they

-Smooth linden best obeys nick-named Parron Chicken, was carted through Cheapside In them she (the bee] builds or forms her cylindrical nests The carter's chissel; best his curious work for assoiling an old acquaintance of his in a ditch in Fins- or cases, resembling cartrages, or a very narrow thimble, Displays in all its nicest touches, bury Field, and was at that riding saluted with chamber- , only in proportion longer, of pieces of rose or other leaves.

Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2. pots and rotten eggs.-Strype. Memoirs. Q. Mary, an. 1553.

Ray. On the Creation, pt. i.

CARVE. Fr. Carue. See CARUCATE. For though the motion of the cart-wheel is so obvious, and seems so plain a thing, that the carman himself never CARUCATE. Lat. Caruca ; Fr. Caruc, He gave also to Saint Cedda (made by consent of him and looks upon it with wonder; yet after Aristotle had taken

CA'RRUGAGE, or (a plough,) from Carrus, King Oswy, Bishop of Lindisfarne) tilty hides of land (a notice of the difficulty, that occurred about it, this trivial

CHA'RUGAGE. phænomenon has perplexed divers great wits, not only

Vossius thinks. See Car.

hide, a plough-land, or a carre, I hold clearly equivalent)

towards foundation of a monastery. schoolmen, but mathematic s; and continues yet to do so. A carrucate of land, says Spelman, is that por

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, 11. Illustrations. Boyle. Works, vol. iv. p. 413. tion, which is marked out for the labour of one Milliners, summond from afar,

plough, a plough-land. It is also called a Carue, CASCADE, n. Fr. Cascade ; It. Cascata, arriv'd in shoals at Temple Bar, (qv.)

from the Lat. Cadere, casum, to fall. Strictly commanded to import

A fall (sc.) of water; a waterfall.
Carl-loads of foppery from court.

In this roll of Winchester, so most of all called, because
Churchill. The Ghost, b. iv. it was made after the example of the other, were taxed and Those only, who have endured a long series of thirst, and

set downe, the earledoms, hundreds, tythings, woods, parks, who can readily recal the desire and agitation which the CARTEL, v. Fr. Cartel, charta, chartella, and all farms, in euery territory, or precinct, how many ideas alone of springs and brooks have at that time raised CARTEL, n. chartellum, ( Menage.) It. Car. carucales of lande, how many plough-lands, &c.

in them, can judge of the emotion with which we eyed a tello. A little paper of defiance or challenge

Slow. William the Conquerour, an. 1080. large cascade of the most transparent water, which poured

itself from a rock near a hundred feet high into the sea, at for a single combat,” (Cotgrave.) Applied to- Geffrey, Archbishop of York, would not permit the Sheriffe

a small distance from the ship.--Ansun. Voyage, b. ii. c. 1. Any paper--expressing the terms or conditions to leuie the dutie called charugage, that was, three shilings of euerie plough-land within his diocesse.

And streams, as if created for his use, upon which any thing is done.

Holinched. Chronicle. K. John, an. 1200. Pursue the track of his directing wand, To chartel, in Jonson, is, elliptically, to challenge.

Sinuous or strait, now rapid and now slow, CARVE, v. Dut. Kerven; Ger. Kerben ; Now murin'ring soft, now roaring in cascades Boh. By the foot of Pharoah, and 'twere my case now I should send him

chartel presently. The bastinado!

Ev'n as he bids! Th' euraptur'á owner smiles.
A. S. Ceorfan, secare, scindere,

Cowper. Task, b. iii. most proper and sufficient dependance, warrented by the CA'RVING, N. carperegreat Caranza. Come hither. You shall chartel hin. To cut, (whether meat, or copper, or other CASE, v.

Fr. Caisse; It. Cassa ; B. Jonson. Every Man in his Humour, Act i. sc. 5. substance;) to grave or engrave; to cut up in Case, n.

Sp. Caxa ; Dut. Kasse, He sware by Saint George they were valiant verses; and parts or portions, to distribute; to allot portions ; CA'sing, n.

Lat. Capsa; a capicommanded them to be shot ypon an arrow into the cittie, also (met.) to cut (sc.) for ourselves, to choose CASEHA'RDEN, v. endo, says Vossius; yet he as a cartell of challenge. -Camden. Remains. Rythmes. our own portion.

prefers the Gr. Kaula, which in Lennep's opinion Though by a carlel that had been settled between the two

is pro Καψα, from Καψω, the future of Kαπτεν armies, all prisoners were to be redeemed at a set price, Vor sir William Mautrauers (thonk nabbe he non) and within a limited time: yet the French, having now so

cavitate, complecte, capere, to take, to hold. (See

Carf him of fet & honde, & is limes mani on. many men in their hands, did, without either colour or

R. Gloucester, p. 560.

CAPSULE.) shame, give a new essay of their pertidiousness : for they The pileres weren ypaint,

That which takes, receives, holds, or contains, broke it upon this occasion, as they had often done at sea. Burnet. Oun Time, an. 1659. And queyntly ycorven, with curious knottes,

whether arrows, (as in Chaucer and G. Douglas, With wyndowes wel ywrought, wyde vp alofte.

Virgil, b. i.) knives, books, watches, or any thing

Piers Plouhman. Crede. else. CARTILAGE, n. Simpliciter a carne

And thus, the skin. CARTILAGI'NEOUS, adj. fit carnilago, hinc car- Tho was he corren out of his harneis,

To caseharden,to harden the case, the outside, CARTILA'GINOUS. tilago, (Vossius.) And in a bed ybrought ful fayre and blive,

the skin, the surface.

For he was yet in memorie, and live,
And alway crying after Emelie,

To case is used, in Shakespeare, for-to uncase, A gristle or tendril of the car or nose, or such

Chaucer. The Knighles Tale, v. 2698.

to strip off the case :-“We'll make you some a skin as is between the toes of geese or ducks,&c.

sport with the fox, ere we case him."-All's Well

For in the lond ther n'as no craftes man, (Cotgrave.)

That geometrie, or arsmetrike can,

that Ends Well, Act ii. sc. 6.

Ne portreiour, ne karver of images,
In a pigeon, which hath a soft and low note, 'tis si. e. the
That Theseus ne yaf him mete and wages

And with that word, the armes in the cas, wivd-pipe) partly cartilaginous, and partly membranous,

The theatre for to maken and devise.-Id, Ib. v. 1901.

of the goddesse clatteren fast and ring. viz. where the rings meet. In an owle, which hath a good

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2360. audible note, 'tis more cartilaginous. But that of a jayes,

As well may the moste rude ymage and moste symply And now my tongue’s vse is to me no more, bath hard bones, instead of cartilages, and so of a linnet. Grew. Cosm. Sacra, b. i. c. 5.

wrought, put vs in minde of Christ, & our lady, and any Than an ynstringed vyall, or a harpe,

other saint, as may the most costelye and moste curyous Or like a cunning instrument cas'd vp The cartilaginenus kind-which by what artifice they that anye payntour or caruer can deuise.

Or being open, put into his hands poize theniselves, ascend and descend at pleasure, and con

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 116. That knowes no touch to tune the harmony. tinue in what depth of water they list, is yet unknown to us.

Shakespeare, Rich. 11. Act i. sc. 3. Ray. On the Crealion, pt. i. I us'de thee so, thou lovdst none else; nor any where woldst eate

Nine great pieces of ordnance, mounted near the west Though I have declared in the beginning of this work, Till I had crownd my knee with thee, and carued thee

gate thundered forth a continuall storm, pot of single bul. that the means whereby cartilaginous fishes raise and sink

tendrest meate.-Chapman. Ilomer, Iliad, b. ix.

lets, but of chain-shot and case-shot. themselves in the water, and rest and abide in what depth

Camden. Elizabeth, an. 1661 they please, is not yet certainly known; yet I shall propound Or list us make two striving shepherds sing,

For generally, as with rich furred conies, their cases are a conjecture concerning it.-Id. 16. pl. ii.

With costly wagers for the victory,

farre better than their bodies, and like the bark of a cinna

Under Menalcas judge; while one doth bring These eye-lids are of excellent use to the eye, serving both

mon tree, which is dearer than the whole bulk, their out

A carven bowl well wrought of beechen tree. for curtains to keep out the light, when it is not desired ;

Bp. Hall. Defiance to Enry. endowments.-Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 474.

ward accoutrements are far more pretious than their inward which the cartilages that strengthen their edges, and help them to shut very close, enable them the better to do, and

But yet (Paulina) to fence the eye from dust, and cold, and smoke, and other Hermione was not so much wrinckled, nothing

Adding, that in several places the Portuguese kept their outward injuries.--Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 735.

So aged as this seemes.

great guns cased over, that the dew might not fall upon Pol. Oh, not by much.

them, and by its corrosiveness to rust them, as to be apt, Talicotius grafted a new one on the remaining part of the

Paul. So much the more our caruer's excellence.

after a while, to break in the discharge. grisle or cartilayinnus substance, which would sneeze, smell, Which lets goe-by some sixteen yeeres and makes her

Boyle. Workes, vol. v. p. 634. take snufi, pronounce the letters M or N, in short, do all the

As she liu'd now,- Shakes. Winter's Tale, Act v. sc. 3. functions of a natural nose. - Tatler, No. 260.

But if an hundred watches were to be made by an hunThe inward spiritual or mystical sense is the gold more

dred men, the cases may be assigned to one, the dials to CARTOON. Fr. Carton; It. Cartone ; from ' precious and more beautiful, that glisters through those

another, the wheels to another, the springs to another. the Lat. Charta, paper. The thick paper, (says cattings and artificial carvings in the letter,


Spectator, No. 232. Cotgrave,) whereon painters draw sometimes.

Henry More. Defence of Cabbala, Introd. Adieu, old fellow, and let me give thee this advice at

parting: e'en get thyself car-hari'om'd; for though the very Applied emphatically to the famous Cartoons of

I asked a gentleman the other day that is famous for a

best steel may snap, yet old iron, you know, will rust, Raphael.

good carrer (at which acquisit on he is out of countenance,
imagining it may detract from some of his more essential

Guardian, No. 95. There needs no other proof of this truth, than the testi qualifications) to help me to something that was near him; The poet, being resolved to save his heroine's honour, has mony of every reasonable creature, who has seen the cartons out he excused himself, and blushing told me, of all things

so ordered it, that the king always acts with a great casein Her Majesty's Gallery at llampton-Court: these are rehe cou'd never carre in his life; tho' ji can be proved upon

knife stuek in his girdle, which the lady snatches from him presentations of no less actions than those of our blessed him, that he cuts up, disjoints, and uncases, with incom

in the struggle, and so defends herself." Baviour and his Apostles. Spectator, No. 226. parable dexterity.--Speciaior, No. 47.

Addison. On Italy Veniec.


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