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CASE, adj. 1

Like a dart,
CA'SEMENT. From the It. Casamenta, a


Thre and twenty thousand talents were bestowed here Lanch'd from the sinews of a Parthian's arm, Without reply th' inspired Carystian flew, building, a small house, with a slight deviation from

abouts. Furthermore he cashed the old souldiers and sup

plied their roumes with yong beginners. But such as wer Cas'd as he was in steel. Glover. Athenaid, b. xiii. the meaning, (Skinner.) Junius says, it is also reteined stil, grudging at the dismissing of the old souldiers, The outward casings of the cathedral of Cadiz) are to be

used for the Dut. Kassüne, jugamentum fenestræ required to be cashed theselues also, biddinge him pay thế of white marble, the bars of the windows of bronze. vel ostii; Fr. Chassis de fenestre, a case or frame their wages and not to tell them of their yeres, for seing they

wer chosen into warfare together, they thought it but right Swinburne. Spain, Let. 28. for a window; and Menage derives chassis from

and duty to be discharged together.-Goldyng. Justine, fol.63. capsa. And thus we are brought round to the Lat. Cadere, casum, , to fall; English case, itself from capsa.

See Case.

The ruflians among them, and soldiers cashiered, which Fr. Cas; It. and Sp. Caso.

be the chief doers, look for spoil : so that it seems no other CA'SUALLY. As it fell out, as it turned

And when you hear the drum

thing but a plague and a fury among the vilest and worst And the vile clamour of the wry-neckt fise,

sort of me: CASUALTY. out, as it happened, as it came Clamber you not up to the casemen's then,

Strype. The D. of Somerset to Sir P. Hobg, Sept. 1, 1549. to pass,ếare equivalent expressions. Nor thrust your head into the publique streete,

Moreour, if the Tartars draw homeward, our men must The state or condition, in which any thing may To gaze on Christian fooles with varnisht faces.

not therefore depart and cassier their bandes, ar seperate

Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act ii. sc. 5. befal or happen to be; the state or condition of

themselves asunder: because they doe this pon policie, circumstances, actual or possible.

Bel. Who can be sad? out with these tragick lights,

namely to haue our armie diuitled, that they may more Casual, i. e. accidental or incidental; unconAnd let the day possess her natural howres :

securely inuade and waste the countrey. Teare down these blacks, cast ope the casements wide,

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 63. nected with, independent of, plan, purpose, or That we may joconuly behold the sun.

After this Richard, the election of three archbis. was design; not foreseen, premeditated or predeter

Beaum. & Fletch. Queen of Corinth, Act iii. sc. 2.

cassate at Rome..-Fux. Martyrs, Ed. 3. mined.

For by these casements enter in adulterous thoughts in the The tything to Rome com that he yslawe was, mind as they did in David's; and likewise impure thoughts

He knows that abstinence from marriage was never comconceived in the heart may discover themselves by the

manded by any law of Moses, or Christ, and that that other That hem hadde ydo schame, heo were glad of that cas,

R. Gloucester, p. 83.
motions of the eye.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii.

from meats was now left free by Christ, -those special laws

under Moses given to the Jews, being now cassate and canAnd vpon case befel, that through a rout

Yet when the new light which we beg for, shines in upon celled by Christ.-Hammond. Works, vol. ii pt. ii. p. 177. His eye perced, and so depe it went

us, there be who envy and oppose, if it come not first in at Til on Creseide it smote, and there it stent. their casements.--Millon. Oj Unlicens'd Printing.

Certainly they did not think it so needful, as that they

would have suspended or cassated the decree.
Chaucer. Troilus. b. i.
CA'SEOUS. Lat. Caseus, a cheese; cheesy.

Bp. Taylor. Liberty of Prophesying, s. 6. Thinke eke thyselfe to sauen art thou hold;

And (for, perhaps, from such consort Such fire by processe, shall of kind cold,

Dec. 24. This evening I perceived that the cascous part The brutes casseerd will be,) Por sens it is but casuell pleasaunce

was severed from the butyrous, in the closed receivers as Three blended blonds of nations three, Soine case shal put it out of remembraunce.

well as in the milk, which, at the same time, I had left llath giuen vs natures three. Id. Ib. b. iv. exposed to the air.— Boyle. Works, vol. iv. p. 587.

Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. But or that he had half his cours ysailed,

Cassio hath beaten thee,
No I not why, ne what mischance it ailed,
CASH, v. Fr. Casse, caisse ; It. Cassa.

And thou by that small hurt hath cashier'd Cassio. But casuelly the shippes bottom rente.

CASH, n.
Hence Fr. Caissier, quaissier ;

Shakespeare. Othello, Act ii. sc. 3.
Id. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 1607.
CASHI'ER, n. It. Cassiere, with us cashier ;

And so it is likewise with the sinner when once he has cast But most miserable case, that when the lighte of God (q. d.) capsarius ; i. e. qui capsam custodit; all off the fear of God, and cashiered the sense of religion out doth shine vito vs in these daies so bright as it did neuer from the Lat. Capsa. (Skinner and Menage.) of his mind, (which is the best security of mens innocency, shine in the remembrance of men, yet so litle zeale, fauor, See Case

and the most effectual curb to keep them from going astray.) and loue, should be founde. Caluine. Foure Godlye Sermons, Ser. 2. Fr. Casse, Cotgrave says, is “a box, case, or

he presently flies out into all sorts of extravagancy and de

bauchery, as his temper and inclination does prompt him. And

Sharp, vol. vi. Ser. 3. I put case the sea had promised the to be alway in suertie chest; also a merchant's cash or counter." of hir, and the skie cleere wether, the sommer snowes, and Sherwood explains cashier, “Qui garde la casse de

All which passages, if we do not acknowledge to have been the wynter flowers.-Golden Boke, Let. 3.

l'argent d'un merchand.” And see the example guided to their respective ends and effects, by the conduct of from Sir William Temple.

a superior, and a divine hand, we do by the same assertion Not for that I meane Such a casualty should be seene

Cash is now transferred by usage from the case,

casheer all Providence, strip the Almighty of his noblest

prerogative, and make God not the governor, but the meer Or suche chaunce should fal which holds the silver or gold, to the silver or

spectator of the world.-South, vol. ill. Ser. 11. Unto our cardinal.--Skelton. Why come ye not to Court. gold itself.

This opinion as I hinted before, supersedes and cassates Also age runneth on a pace which may euery day worse Giue mee thy hand.

the best medium we have to demonstrate the being of a than other suffer displeasure, and is more feeble to sustaine Nym. I shall haue my noble ?

Deity, leaving us no other demonstrative proof, but that the casualtics chauncing.

Pist. In cash, most iustly payd.

taken from the innate idea.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. i. Vives. Instruction to Christian Women, b. ii. c. 12.

Shakespeare. Henry V. Act ii. sc. 1.

Connexions form'd for interest, and endear'd The law of God, and after it our own laws, and in effect Or as a thief bent to unhoord the cash

By selfish views, (are) censur'd and cashier'd. the law of all nations, have made difference between slaughter Of some rich burgher, whose substantial dores,

Cowper. Tirocinium. ensual and furious.-- Ralegk. Hist. of the World, b. ii. c.4. Cross-barr'd and bolted fast fear no assault, In at the window climes or o'er the tiles.

CASK, n. Fr. Casque, or caque ; Sp. The cause why the children of Israel tooke vnto one man

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. iv. CA'SKET, v. Casco, Menage derives thus, many wiues, might be, least the casualties of warre should in any way hinder the promise of God concerning their Go take other men, though they be able to count and cast

CA'sket, n.

Cadus, cadecus, cacus, caque. multitude from taking effect in them.

up these riches, yet they are but as cash-keepers for merchants Skinner says from the Lat. Cadus, (see Cade,) or Hooker. Ecclesiastical Politie, Pref. that tell over other mens moneys; but for the heir, the pos- from the Fr. Casse; It. Cassa, capsa, (q. d.)

sessor himself, for him to tell over all this, is all the while But like the martlet

to study his own riches, and so his heart is comforted Cassa, capsa, cassica, vel Capsica vini. See Builds in the weather on the outward wall, according to the value that is in them.

Euen in the force and rode of casuallie.

Goodwin. Works, vol. v. p. 38. Casket is the diminutive of cask.
Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act ii. sc. 9.
So as this bank is properly a general cash, where every

Certain vessels for wine and other liquors are Wilmot, about the time of his escape, had by force taken

man lodges his mony, because he esteems it safer, and easier called casks. But caskets are used for depositing Muckron, his principall seat, as it was casually on fire. paid in and out, than if it were in his coffers at home.

letters, trinkets, jewels, &c.
Camden. Elizabeth, an. 1601.
Sir W. Temple. On the United Provinces, c. 2.

New wine will search to find a vent,
He that is versed in making reflections upon what occurs

At the new Exchange they are eloquent for want of cash, Altho' the cask be sett so strong ; to him; he that, (consequently.) has the works of nature, but in the city they ought with cash to supply their want of And wit wyll walke when wyll is bent, and the actions of men, and almost every casualty that falls under his notice, to set his thoughts on work, shall scarce eloquence.-Spectator, No. 156.

Although the way be neuer so long.

V nceriaine Auctors. Where good Wyll is, &c. want themes to employ them on. - Boyle. Occas.Refl.6.i.c.2. I say this in answer to what Sir Roger is pleased to say, Had Dinocrates really carved Mount Athos into a statue

that little that is truly noble can be expected from one who And because we be not sure what timber they shall finde of Alexander the Great, and had the memory of the fact

is ever pouring on his cash-book or balancing his accompts. there to make caske, we haue laden in these ships 140

Id. No. 174. tunnes emptie caske, that is 94 tunnes shaken caske, and 46 been obliterated by some accident: who could afterwards

tunnes whole, and ten thousand hoopes, and 480 wrethes of have proved it impossible, but that it might casually have been formed 80.-Bentley, Ser. 5.

CASH, or From the Lat. Cassus ; (from twigs.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 300.

Cashi'er, v. Careo is caritum, whence, (as No alcumist dame Nature can displace, Yet on his way, (no sign of grace

CA'ssate. Priscian teaches, lib. xi.) cassum, For folks in fear are apt to pray,)

Except that God doth giue abundant grace.

The case will haue a taste for euermore, To Phoebus he preferr'd his case in the same manner as from defetiscor instead of

With that wherewith it seasoned was before. And beg'd his aid that dreadful day. defetiscitus, we have defessus. Vossius.) From the

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 193. Gray. A Long Story. Lat. Cassus, which signifies, vain, useless, good

Ber. I have writ my letters, casketted my treasure, CASEMATE. Fr. Casemate; Sp. Casamata ;

for nothing, says Casseneuve, has been formed Giuen order for our horses. It. Casamatta, of uncertain etymology.

the Bar. Lat. verb, Casso, cassare; and thence

Shakespeare. All's Well, Act ii. sc. 5. Merage.

the Fr. Casser, “to cass, to casseer, discharge, A garter or a bracelet of hers is more precious than any Cotę rave calls it, a loop, or loophole in a forti- turn out of service.” It was written cash, as in Saints relique, he lays it up in his casket, to blessed relique) fied wall. And Skinner is to the same purport. Goldyng ; casseer, as in Warner; and now to

and every day will kisse it.--Burton. Anat. of Melan. p.524. quash, (qv.)

Yet this notice of former superstitions was gained by Secure your casemales, Here Master Picklocke, sir, your man o' law,

To annul or annihilate; to render useless or this barbarity, that among a great number of rotten carcasses

were found caskets full of parlons safely folded and lapt And learn'd atturney, has sent you a bag of munition. unserviceable; to dismiss or discharge from ser

together in the bottom of their graves. B. Jonson. Staple of News, Act i. &c. 3. vice; to disband.

Strype. Edw. VI. an. 1549, VOL





With that
To cast or throw against ; to object, (lit. and

Where no good gifts haue place, nor bear the 7787, A derman oft has swill'd his threat, and sworn,

What are the men, but wilful castaway. Neludell, that imperial Rhine bestow'd met.)

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 112. The generous rummer, whilst, the owner, pleas'd,

To cast forth or forward; to project, (lit. and Langhs only at his guests, thus entertain'd met.)

We have in one place a kind of earth, which is so fine to With foreign vintage from his cider cask.

To cast back; reject, (met.)

make moulds for goldsmiths, and casters of metall, that a Philips. Cider, b. i.

load of it was worth fiue shillings thirtie yeares agone. To cast under; to subject, (met.)

Holinshed. Desc. of England, c. 10. Maid, farewell! I leave the casket that tly virtue held, It has many consequential usages, and is em

We govern this war as an unskilful man does a casting, To him whose breast sustains it; more below'd,

ployed with various subauditions; some of the net: if he has not the right trick to cast the net off his Perhaps more worthy, yet not loving more,

former are derived from wrestling, where the party shoulder, the leads will pull him into the river. Than did thy wretched Cleon.

Selden. Table Talk. War.
Mason. The English Garden, b. iv.

cast or thrown, is the defeated, beaten, vanquished
party: and thus to cast, is-

That no person whatsoever shall be admitted without a ÇASK, n.) Fr. Casque; Sp. Casco. A hel- To defeat, to beat, to vanquish, to overcome, to

visible quearity (queerness) in his aspect, or peculiar cast CA'sQUET. ) met, or head-piece. Menage and overpower. And further

of countenance, of which the president and officers for the Skinner, from the Lat. Cassis ; though the latter To decide the victory, to determine it, to de- casting voice.--Spectator, No. 17.

time being are to determine, and the president to have the observes that in Sp. Casco (and also in Fr. Casque) clare or pronounce to be defeated or overcome; testam notare; and what is cassis, but capitis testa? to condemn. And thus generally

Observing one person behold another, who was an utter

stranger to him, with a cast in his eye, which, methought, See the preceding Cask.

To decide or deterrnine; to condemn.

expressed an emotion of heart very different from what A case (sc.) for the head ; an enclosure, cover To cast an account,-from the old manner of could be raised by an object so agreeable as the gentleman or pr on for the head. calculating, (see to Calculate,)-is, to tell the

he looked at, I began to consider, not without some secret sorrow,

the condition of an envious man.-Id. No. 19, Can this cock-pit hold

sum, to reckon, to compute. The vastie fields of France ? Or may we cramme

To cast (sc.) fused metal into a mould, -is to The business men are chiefly conversant in, does not only Within this woodden O, the very cuskes

form or fashion the mould or model; to mould or give a certain cast or turn to iheir minds, but is very often That did affright the ayre at Agincourt. Shakespeare. Men. V. Ch. 1. model; to fix or settle the form, the features, the apparent in their outward behaviour, and some of the most

indifferent actions of their lives.-Id. No. 197. Now with thick clouds th' enlighten'd pavement swarms,

parts or proportions, and even the hue, or comThe fireman sweats beneath his crooked arms; plexion.

Nature herself has assigned, to every emotion of the soul, A leathern casque his ventrous head defends,

To cast the mind, or thoughts,—is, to reflect, its particular cast of the countenance, tone of voice, and

manner of gesture.-Id. No. 541. Boldly he climbs where thickest smoke ascends;

meditate, consider, contrive; to project. Mov'd by the mother's streaming eyes and prayers, The helpless infant through the name he bears.

Upon Cheke's learning also, he casts a blur, when he says, Al in on company heo wenden worth ther

that for his other sufficiencies, besides skill in Latin and Gay. Trivia, b. iii.

In the see with god wynd, so that at the laste First at his foe Leophron aim'd a stroke; In to the on ende of Gasycone the wynd here schippes Greek, he was pedantic enough, as appears by his books.

Strype. Memoirs, b. ii. c. 28. But on his polish'd casque, the falchion broke :


R. Gloucester, p. 15.
From the smooth steel the shiver'd weapon sprung;
Somme wyth lance, some wyth suerd, wythoute vylenye

If he, whom the world judges a saint, may yet be in the
Aloft in air its hissing splinters sung.
Wyth pleyynge at tables, other atte checkere,

gall of bitterness and a son of perdition, is it possible that Wilkie. The Epigoniad, b. iii. Wyth castynge other wyth ssetynge. Id. p. 192.

such a one, whose actions proclaim him even to the world

for a reprobate and a cast-away, should yet indeed be a pious CA'SSOCK, n. Fr. Jaque, casaque ; It. Giacco, Ion angwerede to him and seide, maister, we sighen oon and sincere person.-South, vol. xi. Ser. 13, 14. casacco; Sp. Jaca, casaca ; Ger. Kasak, jacke; castinge out fendis in thi name which sueth not us, and we

As politic as those who, when the moon Dut. Kasacke, kajacke, jacke; Eng. Cassock and have forbiden him.-Wielis. Mark, c. 9.

As bright and glorious in a river shone, jack. Junius adopts from Vossius, that the parent John answered him, saying, master, we sawe one castynge

Threw casting-nets with equal cunning at her, of all these words is the Gr. Kagas, whence the out deuils in thy name, whiche foloweth not vs, and we To catch her with, and pull her out o' the water.

Butler. The Elephant in the Moon. Lat. Casa, applied generally to any thing which forbad because he folowed vs not.--Bible, 1551. 10.

That in these women men may all day find covers, (sive domus est, sive vestis— Wachter);

They have upon casting up their accounts found, that the There as they cast her hert there it dwelleth.

sufferings of this present life are not worthy to be compared and that jack is corrupted from kajacke. (See

Chaucer. Legend of Lucrece. with the glory that shall be revealed.
Vossius de Vitiis Ser. 3. 3. in v. Casabula.) Vos-
sius is supported by other learned names. (See this nede ye caste you to overcome your herte.
And therefore, I pray you, that in this necessitee and in

Stillingfeet, vol. i. Ser. 12.

All was pure within : no fell remorse, Menage and Wachter.) Of Jack, jaque, &c. Skin

Id. Tale of Melibeus,

Nor anxious castings-up of what might be, ner says, quod si omnia a Lat. sagum. Wachter This sely carpenter goth forth his way,

Alarm'd his peaceful bosom.

Blair. Grave. prefers to deduce jacke from the Gr. Iwyn, a co- Ful oft he said alas, and wa la wa, vering. A cassock, tunica longior, is And to his wif he told his privetee,

CA'STIGATE, v. Fr. Chastier; It. Casti-
And she was ware, and knew it bet than he

A long cloak or vestment; used by a soldier or
What all this queinte cast was for to sey.

gare; Sp. Castigar ; Dut. clergyman.

Id. The Miller's Tale, v. 3610.

CA'stigaTOR. Kastüden. Perottus thinks

But when Vlysses
Min bin also the maladies colde,

the Lat. Castigare, to be Againe shall greet vs, he shall put thee on

The derke tresons, and castes olde.

composed of Castum agere; Both coat and cassocke.-Chapman. Homer. Odyssey, b. xv.

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2470. To chasten, to purify, to amend, to correct, to I stretched forth mine arme at length, and swinging the This Acteon, as he well might

chastise. skirt of my cassocke on high, round about my head, by this Aboue all other cast his chere.-Gower. Con. A. b. i.

If thou didst put this sowre cold habit on usual signe shewed, that the enemies were at hand: and A worcke that is made with ye hande of ye craftesman To castigate thy pride, 'twere well: but thou so joyning with them, rode amaine, with my horse ready by

and the caster, clothed with yelowe sylcke and scarlet. Dost it enforcedly: thoud'st courtier be againe this time to tyre.--Holland. Ammianus, p. 114.

Bible, 1551. Jeremy, c. 10. Wert thou not beggar.
Your broad-way sons would never be too nice
But when they drawe nye vnto the mountaynes, the sling

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iv. sc. 3. To close with Calvin, if he paid their price ; casters came out agaynst them.-Id. Judith, c. 6.

Violent events do not alwayes argue the anger of God: But rais'd three steeples higher, would change their note, And quit the cassock for the canting coat.

Apollo's powre prevaild,

even death itselfe is, to his servants a fatherly castigation. Dryden. The Hind & Panther, pt. iii. And rapt Agenor from his reach, whom quietly he plac't

Bp. Hall. Cont. The Seduced Prophel. Without the skirmish, casting mists to save from being I put on a cassaque of one of the Marquis's guards, and

What asselike impudence is it then, for any mere vain. chác't.

Chapman. Ilomer. Iliad, b. xxi. with my page, the Duke of Nieuburg's guard, and Colonel

glorious, and selfe-loving puffe, that every where may read Majette, a Flemish officer in the Munster service, I took

Of all his course when casting up the scroules,

these inimitable touches of our Homer's mastery, any where horse at the back door of my inn.

They finde each moment did some harme conspire, to oppose his arrogant and ignorant custigations?
Sir W. Temple. To Sir J. Temple.
That, (even when dying,) he distress'd weake souls,

Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. i. It would be right too, let me tell you,

So that no end could mitigate his ire.
Stirling. Doomes-day. The tenth Houre.

In these and all other things whatsoever, when by nature To buy a pown of new prunella ;

and the laws we are quit from the empire of the father, and And bid your maid, that art who knows, Three ciuill broyles, bred of an ayery word,

that power which is called castigation, or the power of comRepair your cassoc at the elbows.

By thee old Capulet and Mountague,

mand and coercion, we are still tied to fear him with a reve. Cawthorn. A Letter to a Clergyman. llane thrice disturh'd the quiet of our streets,

rential fear, and to obey him with the readiness of piety in And made Verona's ancient citizens CAST, v. Sw. Kasta ; Dan. Kaste.

all things where reverence and piety are to have regard and Cast by their grace beseeming ornaments

prevail, that is wherever it is possible and reasonable to CAST, n. Ihre thinks that we owe this To wield old partizans.

obey.--Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 5. CA'STER, n. word to the Normans, since

Shakespeare, Romeo & Juliet, Act i. sc. 1.
he cannot discover that our
And when the mind is quickned, out of doubt

The Latin castigator hath obserued, that the Dutch copy
The organs, thought defunct and dead before,

is corrupted and faulty here and in divers places elsewhere CASTLING, n. ancestors, the A. S. ever Breake vp their drowsie grane, and newly moue

Barneuelt. Apologie, (with marginal Castigations, 1618.) CA'STAWAY, n. used it.

With casied slough, and fresh legeritie.--Id. Hen. V. Ch.4. CA'Staway, adj. With English prepositions

Aristophanes, in his ('omedy of Peace, reckons the feast

Others there he who make their boast and report with joy of Adonis among the chief festivals of the Athenians. The subjoined, it is equivalent to certain compounds of unto others, how in the partition of their patrimony they Syrians observed it with all the violence of grief, and the the Lat. Jacere, to throw.

have by cunning casts conny-catched their bretheren, and greatest cruelty of self-castigation.

ouer-wreeht them so by their cautelous circumvention, fine Thrown or cast from or away from; aliject. wit and slie policies, as that they have gone away with the

Langhorne. The Death of Adonis, Note. Thrown or cast down, dejected, (met.) better part by odds.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 149.

for which offence she sa common scold) may be indicted; To cast or throw out; to eject, to expel, (lit.

and if convicted, shall be sentenced to be placed in a certain

Boy. Why do you looke on vs, and shake your head, and met.)

engine of correction called the trebucket, castigatory, or And call vs orphans, wretches, castawayes.

cucking stool, which in the Saxon language is said to signify To cast or throw in; to inject, (lit. and met.)

Shakespeare. Rich. 111. Act ii. sc. 2. the scolding stool. --Blacksione. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 13.


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A. S. Castel ; Fr. Chas' Between Chadlington and Saresden is also an unmentioned duce cat. Others refer to the Lat. Catus, acutum CASTELLAN. teau ; It. Castello ; Sp. camp, either Saxon or Danish, for both are concerned in this

videns, sharp-sighted. CA'STLED. Castillo.

question; and their castrametation, even under the most

practicable and commodious circumstances of ground, is Cat's-paw,-(common in vulgar speech, but not CA'STLE-BUILDER. Castellum, parvum cas- sometinies ambiguous.- Warlon. Hist. of Kiddington, p. 50. in writing, )--the tool, the instrument; derived pro

Ca'STLE-BUILDING, N. trum. Castrum a casa (a cot, a hut) deducitur, quod sit conjunctio qua

CA'STRATE, v. 1 Varro thinks that castrare

bably from the Fable, in which the Ape employs dam casarum, (Perottus.)

Castra'tion, n.
case dicta sunt

the Cat to pick the chestnuts from the hot coals I is manifestiy from castus,


with her paw, while he is quietly cracking them. olim in Romano exercitu, unde castra, (Scaliger.) quòd castrando vis libidinis extinguitur. Chasteau, Cotgrave says-metaphorically

Catipan,--to turn catipan, Skinner interprets

to fall off, to A castle is properly a house furnished with

To cut out, to strike out, to exterminate, to deficere, transfugere, aportaTEIV,

apostatize. But see the example from Bacon. towers, encompassed by walls and ditches; and expunge.

Cat-stick,--Mr. Gifford believes to be what is strengthened by a moat or donjon in the middest. I What I have here said is not only in regard to the publick, now called buck-stick, used by children in the Castle-builling,—-met. (see the quotations from but with an eye to my particular correspondent, who has

sent ie the following letter, which I have castrated in some game of tip-cat or kit-cat. See Catipan and CatBurton and Spectator) -places upon these considerations.---Spectator, No. 179.

stick in Nares. Raising lofts structures, forming grand projects, with no foundation to rest them upon.

The argument then, in your form, will stand thus: Who Ich sigge it for me quath the mous: can deny but that force, indirectly, and at a distance may, Shal neuer the cat ne the kyton by my consail be grevede. by custration, do some service towards bringing men to em

Piers Ploudiman, p. 10. This gode folk of Troie ouer come were at the laste,

brace that chastity, which otherwise they would never acAna tlow into her castles.-R. Gloucester, p. 19. quaint themselves with. Thus you see castration may,

Thou sayst also, I walk out like a cat; indirectly, and at a distance, be serviceable towards the For who so wolde senge the cattes skin, And he commaundide knyghtis to go doun, and to take salvation of men's souls.

Than wol the cat wel dwellen in hire in; him fro the myddil of hem, and to lede hym into custels.

Locke. Second Letter. On Toleration.

And if the cattes skin be sleke and gay,
Wiclif. Deuis, c. 23.

She wol mat dwellen in hous talf a day,

But forth she woi, or any day be dawed, (And he) commaunded the souldiers to go doune, and to

To shew her skin, and gon a caterwawed. take him frome amonge them and to brynge him into the CASUAL. See Case.

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5930. castell.--Bible, 1551. Io.

CA'SUIST, v. Fr. Casuiste; It. Casuista; Ye saye well quod he, but yet as women saye, somewhat Pride of the table appeareth in excesse of divers meates

CA'suist, n. Sp. Casuista. (See Case.) it was alway that ye cat winked whan her eye was oute. and drinkes, and namely swiche inaner bake metes and

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 241. dishe metes brenning of wilde fire, and peinted and castelled Casul'sTICAL. A casuist is with paper, and semblable wast, so that it is abusion to

CA'SUISTRY. One learned, skilled in cases,

And ynto the catle of the mountain, (Daniel compareth thinke.-Ckancer. The Persones Tale. (sc.) of conscience; dexterous, subtie in arguing the] vnstedfast kingdome of the Grekes.Bale. Image, pl. ii.

But, as an old booke saith, who will assay of this castell was castellayne

About the cats necke to hang on a bell, Elda thc kynges chamberlaine

And where he sets us in a fair allowance of way, with Had first need to cut the cats clawes away, A knightly man after his lawe.-Gower. Cor. 4. b. ii.

honest liberty and prudence to our guard, we never leave Lest if the cat be curst, and not tam'd well, I build great castles in the skies,

subtilizing and casuisting till we have strained and pared She with her nailes may claw him to the fell : Whose ieuder turrets, but of glasse,

that liberal path into a razor's edge to walk on, between a So putting the bell about the cats necke, Are straight oreturn'd with euery wind, precipice of unnecessary mischief on either side; and start

I vnadvised caught a cruell checke. ing at every false alarm, we do not know which way to set a And reard and raz'ü, yet without hands.

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 283. Stirling. Sonnels, s. 6.

foot forward with manly confidence and Christian resolution

through the confused ringing in our ears of panic scruples There is a cunning, which we in England call, the turning When I goe musing all alone,

and amazements.--Millon. Doct. & Disc. of Dic. b. ii. c. 20. of the cat in pan; which is, when that which a man says to Thinking of divers things fore-known,

another, he lays it as if another had said it to him. When I build castles in the aire, Then subtile doctors Scriptures made their prize,

Bacon. Ess. of Cunning. Void of sorrow and void of fear,

Casuisis, like cocks, struck out each others eyes. Pleasing myselfe with phantasmes sweet,

Denham. The Progress of Learning.

Goe charge my goblins that they grinde their ioynts

With dry conuulsions, shorten vp their sinewes Me thinks the time runnes very fleet.

For that is a fixed rule among the casuists, that an infinite With aged cramps, and more pinch-spotted make them, Burlon, Anat. af Mel. The Author's Abstract.

number of venial sins do not amount to one mortal, and con- Then pard, or cat o'mountaine. It was my chance in walking all alone, sequently though they have obliquity in them, yet they do

Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iv. sc. I. That ancient cuslie-crowned hill to scale,

not put a man out of the favour of God. Which proudly ouerlookes the lowly vale.

Stillingfleet, vol. ii. Ser. 5.

Mar. What a catterwalling do you keepe here! If my

ladie haue not call'd vp her steward Maluolio, and bid him Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 776.

The truth of this asscrtion depends upon that known rule turne you out of doores, neuer trust me. Seuen of the same against the castle-gate, of casuistical divinity, that it is a greater sin to omit a known

Id. Twelfth Night, Act ii. sc. 3. In strong intrenchments he did closely place,

duty altogether, than to perform that duty as well as we can, Which with incessant force and endless hate, though with much unworthiness.--Sharpe, vol. ii. Ser. 6.

Vnder which bushes shade

A lyonnesse, with vdders all drawn drie, They battered day and night, and entrance did awate.

There is a generation of men, who have framed their Lay cowching head on ground, with callike watch Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11. s. 6. casuistical divinity to a perfect compliance with all the cor- When that the sleeping man should stirre.

Id. As You Like It, Act iv. sc. 3. The southern coast. with most of the inland parts there- rupt affections of man's nature, and by that new invented unto adjacent, were wholly subdued and secured by fortify- engine of the doctrine of probability, will undertake to warrant and quiet the sinners conscience in the commission

If any knowledge resteth after death ing camps, building castles, and planting many colonies. of any sin whatsoever, provided there be but the opinion of

In ghosts of birds, when they have left to breathe, Sir W. Temple. Introd, to Hist. of England. one learned man to vouch it.--South, vol. ii. Ser. 11.

My darling's ghost shall know in lower place

The vengeance falling on the callish race. I am unhappily far gone in building, and am one of that!

However he (Jeremy Taylor being a person of most For never cat nor calling I shall find, species of men who are properly denominated castle-builders,

wonderful parts, and like to be an ornament thereunto he But mew shall they in Pluto's palace blind. W10 scorn to be beholden to the earth for a foundation, or was dispensed with, and thereby obtained in that house

Drummond. Phillis on the Death of her Sparrow. dig in the bowels of it for materials; but erect their struc

Page. Yuu, sirrah sheep's-head tures in the most unstable of elements,--the air,--taney All Souls) much of that learning, wherewith he was enabled to write casuistically.-Wood. Athene Oron.

With a face cut on a cat-stick, do you hear. alone laying the line, marking the extent, and shaping the mouel.-Spectutor, No. 167. Thus at her felt approach, and secret might,

Massinger. The Maid of Honour, Act ii. sc. 2. Art after art goes out, and all is night:

Some A dissertation on castle-building may not only be service- See skulking truth to her old cavern fled

Sovereign places held among the watry train, able 10 myself, but to all architects who display their skill Mountains of casuistry heap'd o'er her head.

Of eat-tails made them crowns, which from the sedge doth in the thin element.-Id. ib.

Pope. Dunciad, b. iv.

grow, Through these a river rolls its winding flood, Sift then yourself, I say, and sist again,

Which neatly woven were.Draylon. Poly-Olbion, s. 20.
Adorn'd with various tuits of rising wood;
Glean the pernicious tares from out the grain;

If cal-ey'd, then a Pallas is their love,
Here half conceal'd in trees a cottage stands,
And ask thy heart, if custom, nature's heir,

If freckled, she's a party colour'd dove.
A castle there the opening plain commands.
Hath sown no undiscover'd fern-seed there;

Dryden. Lucretius, b. iv
Lillelton. Jealousy, Ecl. 3.

This be our standard then, on this we rest,
Nor search the casuists for another test.

Our mountebank has laid a deeper train.
Late may it there remain!

Smart. The Horatian Canons of Friendship. His cant, like merry Andrew's noble vein,
With promise faire, as now, (more faire what heart

Cat-calis the sects to draw them in again.
Parental craves ?) of long, transmissive worth,
See vast Coimbria's comments pild on high ;

Id. Prol, to the Pilgrim. Proud Warwick's name, with growing fame to grace,

In heaps Soneinas, Sotus, Sanchez lie;
And crown, with lasting joy, her castled hill.
For idle hours, Sa's idle casuistry.

Another virtuoso of my acquaintance will not allow tho

Hart. An Essay on Satire. cat-call to be older than Thespis, and is apt to think it apJago. Edge-Hill. Noon, b. ii. Regard, ye justices of peace!

pear'd in the world soon after the ancient comedy; for which CAT, n.

Fr. Chat ; It. Gatto; Sp. Gato; reason it has still a place in our dramatick entertainments The castle-barber's piteous case:

Mid. Gr. Καπης;

Mid. Lat. not must I here omit what a very curious gentleman, who And kindly make some snug addition,

CATCAL, N, To better his distrest condition.

sured me, mainely, that there was lately dug up at Rome CateRWAUL. Warton. The Castle Barber's Soliloquy.

Dut, Kat; Ger. Katze; Sw.

the statue of a Momus, who holds an instrument in his

CA'Tisii, adj. Katt, katta. Catta, felis, a cat, right hand, very much resembling our modern cat-call. CASTRAMETATION. Castra, metari ; CA'TLING. is as old as Martial, (lib. xiii.

Spectator, No. 361 CASTRE'NSIAL. Što measure out a ep. 69.) Wachter observes that this word is de

You dread reformers of an impious age,
rived by many learned men from the Ger. Wachten, You awful cat-o'-nine-fails to the stage,

This once be just, and in our cause engage.
Sixty miles, is the measure of three dayes journey, accord- / (also written ge-wachten,) to watch; whence the
unto military marches, or castrensiul mansions.
Fr. Gueter, to watch; and from queter, he adds,

To gain your favour, we your rules obey,

And treat you with a moral piece to-day
Brown. Cyrus' Garden. Du Cange and Skinner have not hesitated to de-

Vanburgh. Prologue to the False Friend. 275


CATABA'PTIST. The quotation explains the loguei het. and Sp.Catalogo, from rata, and reyeur, Also applied to a "disease of the eye, (quasi kata

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It indeed appeared a little odd to me, to see so many per:

Here and there, and ever and anou hitting upon islands, An engine from which, originally, darts (tela), tons of quality of both sexes, assembled together at a kind

were of catter-warling, for I cannot look upon the perforinance last inclosed and

shiut within mountalnes, and in no place subsequently stones and other hard and heavy to have been any thing better, whatever the musicians carrieth he (the Nile) a rougher and swifter streame, whiles missiles, were thrown. themselves might think of it.--Spectator, No. 361. the water that he beareth, hasteneth to a place of the Æthy

The Syrians invented the catapult. opians, called Catadupi, where in the last fall amongst the Your petitioner, (Job Chanticleer,] most earnestly implores rockes that stand in his wa

Holland. Plinie, d. vii. c. 56.

he is supposed not to runne, your immediate protection from the insolence of the rabble, but to rush downe with a mightie noise.

In the rising of the campe, the Apollonians met with catathe batteries of catsticks and a painful lingering death.

Holland. Plinie, b. v. c. 9. pults and balists, and other engines provided for the assault Tatler, No. 134.

of the cittie.--Id. Livius, p. 537.

Mem. Our ears are so well acquainted with the sound, The hapless nymph with wonder saw: that we never mark it. As I remember, the Egyptiar. Cata

CATARACT, n. A whisker first and then a claw,

Fr. Cataracte ; Sp. Catadupes never heard the fall of Nilus, because the noise was ratas ; Gr. Katapaktn, præruptus, ac præceps in With many an ardent wish, She stretch'd in vain to reach the prize ; 80 familiar to them.-Brewer. Lingua, Act iii. sc. 7.

| flumine locus, (Vossius.) Karaparpely, from Kaya, What female heart can gold despise ?

CATALOGUE, n. ? Gr. Kararoyos; Lat.

and pao oeuv, tundere, collidere, to beat or dash. What cal's averse to fish? Gray. On the Death of a farourite Cat. CA'TALOGUE, v. Catalogus ;

Fr. Cata- Applied to-

The dash a waterfallitself. to gather, to collect word,


To collect, (sc.) the names or descriptions, or pattwv, confounding the sight.) The name Anabaptist is derived from the preposition ara, both; to enamerate, to record them.

Nor so much hereafter shall be spoke and Buntićw, and signifesh a re-baptizer; or at least such

Of that (but lately found) Guianian Oronogue, an one who alloweth of, and maintaineth re-baptizing; they And because the name, office and dignitie of the masters Whose cataract a noise so horrible doth keep, are called also Catabaplists, from the preposition kata, and general, or great masters of Prussia could otherwise have That it even Neptune frights.--Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 29. Barticu, signifying an abuser or prophaner of baptism. For been vtterly darke and vnknown to the greater part of indeed every Anabaptist is also a Catabaptist; the reitera- readers, I haue set downe immediately before the first Prus- They say also that this ceremonie would be precisely obtion of that sacrament of our entrance into the church, and

sian ambassage, pagina 14, a brief and orderly catalogue of served, that in the very place where this plant (the polium) seal of our new birth in Christ, ia a violation and deprava- them all.--Hackluyt. Yoyages, vol. i. To the Reader. is found, so soon as it is gathered it should be hanged pretion of that holy ordinance.--Fealty. Divpers Dipt, p. 23.

sently about the neck of the partie, with a special care that Beta the dream and Synod cites,

it touch not the ground first, and then it is an excellant CATACHRE'STICAL, adj. ? Fr. Catachrese, And catalogues the navall knights.

remedie for the cataract in the eye. CATACHRE'STICALLY.

Chapman. Homer. Iliad. Argument to b. ii.

Holland. Plinie, b. xxi. c, 20. Gr. Καταχρασθαι, (from κατα and χρασθαι,) to use Saint Maud here not the least, though she be set the last, Now this river Nilus running along by the parts of against or contrary, (sc.) to its purpose; to abuse. And scarcely over-match'd by any that is past,

Ethiopia, having also gone through divers names, which Fr. Catachrese," the abuse or necessary use of

Whom likewise for a saint those reverend ages chose many nations have given him, as he passeth along the one word for lack of another more proper,” (Cot

With whom we at this time our catalogue will close. earth, with a most rich exundation, commeth at length to

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 24. the cataracts, that is to say certain steep and broken rocks, grave.)

Every man is ready to give in a long catalogue of those

downe which as hee falleth, he seemeth to rush rather than The firat a całachresticall and far derived similitude, it virtues and good qualities he expects to find in the person

to run.--Id. Ammianus, p. 211. (the mandrake) holds with man, that is, in a bifurcation or of a friend, but very few of us are careful to cultivate them division of the root into two parts, which some are content

It is an old tradition, that those that dwell near the catain ourselves.-Spectator, No. 385.

racts of Nilus, are strucken deaf : but we find no such to call thighs.--Brown. Vulgar Errours, p. 105.

If religion is thrown into the quarrel, the most innocent bridges.-Bacon. Naturall History, s. 276.

effect, in canoniers nor millets, nor those that dwell upon I ask you if one of them does not perpetually pay us with

acts are catalogued with sing.-Walpole. Anecd. vol iji. c. 1. clenches upon words and a certain clownish kind of raillery?

A maid of about eighteen years of age, having by a couple If now and then he does not offer at a catecresis or Cleve

CA'TAPHRACT. It. Catapatta ; Sp. Cata- of cataracts, that she brought with her into the world, lived Baudism, wresting and torturing a word into another meaning.Dryden. An Essay of Dramatick Poesie. pates ; Gr. Καταφρακτος, καταφρασσειν, from κατα,

absolutely blind from the moment of her birth ; being Sin never thrives, unless it be in the most catachrestica! Undique armis munitus. * Horsemen, cataphract, septed themselves to her unacquainted sight, that almost and $parceiv, to block up, to protect, to fortify. brought

to the free use of her eyes, was so ravished at the

surprising spectacle of so many various objeets, as preand improper way of speaking in the world. Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. il. c. 2. are well described in the quotation from Am- every thing she saw transported her with such admiration mianus.

and delight, that she was in danger to loose the eyes of her Where, in divers places of holy writ, the denunciation

mind by those of her body, and expound that mystical Araagainst groves is so express, it is frequently to be taken but And the men of armes (cataphracti equites] here and there

bian proverb, which advises, to shut the window, that the calachrestically. Evelyn, b. iv. 8. 4.

entermingled on bard horses, whom the Persians use to call

house may be light.--Boyle. Works, vol. il. p. 6.
CATACLYSM. Gr. Katakavouos, dilavium, about with guards of steele ; so as one would have taken
Calibinarit, harnessed all over with good corselets, and bard

But when o'er rugged cliffs and ways unev'n from Kato and KAVŠEIV, abluere, diluere, to wash them for images finely polished by the hand-worke of

In steepy cataracts thou 'rt headlong driv'n,
Praxiteles, and not for men indeed : about whom also there

Thy rushing waves, resisted, fiercer fly,
away. A deluge.
went thin plated hoopes, made fit and handsome for the

And batter'd froth rebounding fills the sky, The opinion that held these cataclysms and empyroses bending of their bodies, and running all over their limmes ;

The hills remurmur with the dashing sound, universal was such, as either held, that it put a total consum- so that which way soever they had need to stirre and moove

Thy billows ride triumphant far around, mation unto things in this lower world, or, &c. their joynts, the appartell or habiliment would agree there

And rear their conquering heads with hoary honours Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 217. to, the joyning thereof was so meet, and served so well every

crown'd. Hughes. Lucan. Pharsalia, b. X. way.-Holland. Ammianus, p. 63. CATACOMBS, n. Fr. Catacombes ; It. Ca.

CATA'RRH, n. Fr. Catarrhe; It. Catarro; n tacombα ; from κατα and κυμβοs, a hollow


CATA'RRHAL. Sp. Catarro; Gr. Karappery, Was Samson as a public servant brought,

CATARRHOUS. See the quotation from Eustace.

from kata, and peelv, to flow. In their state livery clad ; before him pipes

A defiuxion. On the other side of Naples are the catacombs. These

And timbrels, on each side armed guards, must have been full of stench and loathsomeness, if the Both horse and foot, before him and behind

The adj. are used by medical writers. dead bodies that lay in them were left to rot in open niches, !

Archers and slingers, cataphracts and speares.

The spirite of gluttony, tryumphynge amonge vs in his as an eminent author of our own country imagines. But upon

Milton. Samson Agonistes. ' glorious chariotte, callyd welfare, dryuynge vs afore hym, examining then I find they were each of them stopp'd up.

as his prisoners, into his dungeon of surfet, where we are without doubt as soon as the corps was laid in it.

CATAPLASM, n. Fr. Cataplasme ; It. Cata- tourinented with catarrhs, feuers, &c.
Addison. On Italy. Naples. plasma ; Sp. Catuplasma ; Gr. Katanladun, from

Sir T. Elyot. Castle of Helth, b. ii. c. 28.

Applied There has lately been found a human tooth in a catacomb, Kata, and hasoelv, to form or mould. which has engaged a couple of convents in a law suit, each (medically)

A Jazar-house it seem'a, within were laid

Numbers of all diseas'd, all maladies, of them pretending that it belonged to the jaw bone of a To substances formed or moulded into one mass ; Convulsions, epilepsies, fierce catarrhs. saint, who was of their order.- Tatler, No. 129. a poultice or plaster.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xi. The catacombs are subterranean streets or galleries from


Fr. Catastrophe ; It. four to eight feet in height, from two to five in breadth,

Hee writeth moreover that if they (turnips) be roasted or extending to an immense and almost unknown length, and

baked under the ashes and so incorporat with grease, they Catastrofe ; Sp. Catastrophe; Gr. Katastpoon, branching out into various walks. The catacombs were

will make a notable good cataplasm for the gout and joynte- from kata, and otpeperv, to turn. originally excavated in order to find that earth or sand called ach.-Holland. Plinie, b. xx. c. 3.

A turning about; a revolution ; generally apat present puzzolana, and supposed to form the best and most

plied to the final turn or change of events, the lasting cement. Such lone, unfrequented caverns, afforded

I bought an vnction of a mountebanke a most commodious retreat to the Christians, during the

So mortall, but dipt a knife in it,

change which produces the final event.
persecutions of the three first centuries. In them therefore
Where it drawes blood, no cataplasm so rare,

For all mans life me seemes a tragedie,
They held their assemblies, celebrated their holy mysteries,
Collected from all simples that haue vertue

Full of sad sights and sore catastrophees ;
and deposited the remains of their martyred brethren. For
Vnder the moone, can saue the thing from death,

First comming to the world with weeping eye, the latter purpose they employed niches in the sides of the That is but scratcht withal).

Where all his dayes, like dolorous trophees, wall, placed there the body with a vial filled with the blood

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act iv. sc. 7.

Are heap'd with spoyles of fortune and of feare, of the martyr, or perhaps with some of the instruments of

And he at last laid forth on balefull beare.
For (where he was the god of eloquence,
his execution, and closed up the mouth of the niche with
And subtiltie of metalls) they dispence

Spenser. The Teares of the Muses. Melpomene. thin bricks or tiles.-Eustace. Tour through Italy, vol. ii. c. 3. His spirits, now in pills, and ecke in potions,

Dear friend, be silent and with patience see
CATADUPE, n. Fr. Catadupe; from kata,
Suppositories, cataplasms and lotions.

What this mad times' catastrophe will be.

B. Jonson. The Voyage Itself. and Boutos, sonitus rei allisw, the sound of any

Drayton. To Mr. W. Browne. thing dashed, (Lennep.) Used by Homer to ex- CA'TAPULT. Fr. Catapulte ; It. Catapulta; At the Earl's end I was abroad, but when I came home, press the crash of falling trees. Applied to certain-Sp. Catapulta ; Lat. Catapulta ; Gr. KututeATIS, (though little was left for writers to glean after Judges,

yet I spent some curiosity to search what it might be that Falls of the Nile; and also to those who live from Kara, and wallev, to shake, to brandish, to could precipitate him (the Earl of Essex) into such a prodle near them. hurl.

gious catastrophe. --Reliquiæ Wottoriane, p. 180.


To stop

AAbingdon he [the Prince of Orange) was surprised with Down fell both spear and shield, down they as fast, such a temper only (whether by nature or education, 'Als all the news of the strange catastrophe of affairs now at London, And the dire hiss renew'd and the dire form

one,) as to deem some things fit and right to be done, and the King's desertion, and the disorders which the city and Catcht by contagion, like in punishment,

others unfit and unjust. neighbourhood of London were fallen into.

As in thir crime.
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. X.

H. More. App. to Antidote against Atheism, c. 9.
Burnet. Own Time, an. 1688.

While we perhaps

The question is, what is the signatum, the invisible and When a man with a steady faith looks back on the great Designing or exhorting glorious warr,

celestiall thing, which answers thereunto In our catechecatastrophe of this day, with what bleeding emotions of Caught in a fierie tempest shall be hurl'd

ticall explications of this mystery, it is wont to be affirmed heart must he contemplate the life and sufferings of his Each on his rock transfix'd, the sport and prey

to be the bloud of Christ ; namely, that as water washeth deliverer !--Spectator, No. 356.

of racking whirlwinds.

Id. Ib. b. ii.

away the fith from the body, so the bloud of Christ cleanseth

us from the guilt and polution of sin. CATCH, v. In Sw. Katsa is instrumentum So saying he caught him up, and without wing

Mede. Works, b. i. Disc. 17. САТcн, п. piscatorium, (Ihre.) Junius

of Ilippogrif bore through the air sublime
Over the wilderness and o'er the plain.

To whom (Dr. Potter) among other fruits of his studies CATCHER, n. says, akin to Dut. Ketsen, (to

Id. Paradise Regained, b. iv. he communicated his practical catechism, which for his priCA'TCIPOLL. chase.) And he adds, Katexelv,

vate use he had drawn up out of those materials which he He then called to me audibly, to step at least out of the CA'TCHWORD. (to detain, to obtain, to oc

had made use of in the catechetick institution of the youth path I was in, for if I staid there any longer, I was in danger of his parish.-Fell. Life of Hammond. cupy,) borrows its tenses from the unused theme to be catched in a great net that was just hanging over me, Karur xELV, whence every body sees (nemo non and ready to catch me up.--Spectator, No. 524.

It was decreed that in every parish there should be two videt) the English Catch has been contracted.

A butterfly in one of its states is called an aurelia, which

sermons every Sunday, of which that in the afternoon was To catch seems to comprise the force of—to stop name for its sound, was chosen to distinguish the society of

to be catecheticall.-Hale. Let. from Durt. and to hold; it implies that the thing caught is in butterfly-catchers at Munster.

He does the same thing in sacraments as he does in motion, and is not merely stopt but held.

Cambridge. The Scribleriad, b. vi. Note 2.

preaching: in both he declares the guilty person to be out a ball is not to catch it; though stopped it may It (profusion) is a hungry vice : it eats up all,

of the way to heaven, to be obnoxious to the Divine anger, not be held.

to be a debtor of repentance; and refusing to baptise an To hold a ball is not to catch it ; the That gives society its beauty, strength, Convenience, and security, and use :

evil catechumen or to communicate an ill-living Christian motion of it is neither expressed nor implied.

Makes men mere vermin worthy to be trapp'd

does but say the same To catch, (sub. in a trap or snare,) is to entrap, And gibbeted, as fast as catchpole claws

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 4. to ensnare.

Can seize the slipp'ry prey. Cowper. Task, b. ii.

Hence their forenamed authors assume, that the children To catch hold is a familiar expression, and imYet more demands the critic ear

of the faithfull dying without haptisme, may be thought to plies that the thing caught is to be held from Than the two catch-words in the rear

receive the baptisme of the Spirit, as well as those catechu moving.

Which stand like watchmen in the close

menists spoken of.---Bp. Morton. Cath. Appeale, p. 248. To catch may sometimes be supplied by—to To keep the verse from being prose.-Lloyd. On Rhyme.

It is true, that the word Ratnxery from whence our word seize, to grasp ; and is sometimes used as equiva

catechism doth come, is used in Scripture to signifie teaching CATECHISE, v. Also to have or

Fr. Catechiser ; It. Ca. !ent to—merely, to overtake.

in general : but it hath since by ecclesiastical writers been

Catechisa'tion. techizzare; Sp. Catechi- appropriated to that particular way of instruction, which use the sudden motion of one, who catches, or

Catechiser, n. tries to catch any thing; to snatch, to jerk.

zar; Gr Kutnyelv, sonare,

hath been long in use in the Christian church, and is comCa'techISING, n. insonare, from Kara, and

monly called catechising.-Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 52. So muche vyss (fish) hii ssolde hym brynge Ca'TECHISM, n. Hyw, Echo, sonus reper- In 1550 he (Jewell] was admitted to the reading of the That ech man wondry ssal of so gret caccheyng.

cussus, from Ageiv, fran-

sentences, and during the reign of King Edward 6. became
R. Gloucester, p. 265.

a zealous promoter of reformation and a preacher and cate.

gere, (Lennep.) And clannesse shal cacchen hit. and clerkes shullen hit

chiser at Sunningwell near to Arlington in Berks. CatechI'STICALLY. Catechumen, part. pass.

Wood. Athena Oxon. vol. i. p. 169 fynde. Piers Plouhman, p. 234.

Cateche'tick, adj. Κατηχουμενος : one re-
Retcheth thei nevere

The principles of Christianity, briefly and catechistically CATECHETICAL. ceiving oral instruction : taught them, is enough to save their souls. of the cours of the case. so they catche siluer.

Id. Ib. p. 75.
CatechU'MEN. instruction in the rudi-

South, vol. vii. Ser. 5.
Quikliche cam a catchepol. and craked a two here legges,

ments (of religion.)

Those of riper years he encouraged and exhorted to be And here armes after. of everiche of tho theoves.

To catechise, primarily, is to sound ; (sc. against present at his catechetical performances, and who were too Id. Ib. p. 343. the ears of those whom we wish to teach ; i. e. much ashamed of their ignorance to overcome it by any

other methods.- Nelson. Life of Bp. Bull. Strgue thou a good stryf of feith, cacche euerlastinge lyf to teach or instruct orally, to give oral instrucanto whiche thou art clepid.—Wiclif. Tymo, c. 6. tion.) is then applied thus

Pierce my vein, For the wisdom of this world is foli anentis God; for it is 1. To teach that, which requires to be re- Take of the crimson stream mean'dring there

And catechise it well ; apply thy glass, writun I schal catche wise men in her fel wisdom. peated again and again, to those who require to

Search it, and prove now if it be not Wood Id. 1 Corynth. c. 3. be taught again and again, to the very echo; to Congenial with thine own. Cowper. Task, b. iii. And whanne dai was come the magestratis senten cac- have their instruction sounded and resounded into chepollis and seiden, delyuere thou the men. their ears.

CATEGORY, n. Gr. Katnyopia, from Id. Dedis, c. 16.

2. To teach the first elements or rudiments of CATEGO'RICAL. Kατα, and αγειρειν, (from Salomon saith, that the wordes of a flaterer is a snare to

any art or science, and particularly of the Chris- CATEGORICALLY. cacchen innocentes. He sayth also, he that speketh to his

αγειν, ducere ;) αγειρειν tian religion.

CATEGORICALNESS. properly signifies trend wordes of sweteness and of plesaunce, he setteth a net

to beforne his feet to cacchen him.

For the ap3. To catechise, is, consequentially, to question, bring together; to collect into one. Chaucer. The Tale of Melibcus. (as children usually are, when taught the Cate- plication of the word see the example from Watts. But other while whan so is,

chism of their religion,) to examine. That I maie catche slepe on honde

So again, the distribution of things unto certain tribes, Lyggend alone, than I fonde That children should be carefully catechised, and con

which we call categories or prediraments, are but cautions To dreme a mery sweuen er daie.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

against the confusion of definitions and divisions. firmed by the bishops, or in their absence by such as were

Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii. With that he sterte vp fro the mete,

employed in the visitation of churches. And shoue the borde into the flore,

Spotswood. History of the Church of Scotland, an. 1616.

They appointed that of the Synod two should be chosen And caught a sworde anone and swore

delegates, who should immediately go to them, in the name That thei shulde of his hondes die.- Id. Ib. b. v.

In prohibiting that none should commune alone, in

of the Synod warn them to lay by all other answers, and at making the people whole communers, or in suffering them

the next sessions categorically answer, whether they would When the boy saw that hys father was dead, and that the to commune under both kinds in the catechization of young exhibit their minds concerning the points in controversy, or calchpoles began to snatch at him, he was sore dismayed, chaplains in the rudiments of our faith. &c.

no.-Hale. Let. from Dort. and thought that he should dye to. And when one of them Burnet. Records, pt. ii. b. i. No. 53. Oglethorp's Submission. apposed liim, asking him how he beleeued, he answered,

The word of Mr. Bayes's that he has made notorious is master I beleue euen as it pleaseth you.

Festus Hommius, amongst other things complain’d that

categoricalness; and I observe that wheresoever there comes Frith. Workes, p. 57. through the negligence of the remonstrants, it came that

a word of that termination he shows it the same honour, as Cal. Thou mak'st me merry ; I am full of pleasure; catechising was so much decay'd : which words of his, it is

if he had a mind to make Baves a collar of nesses. Let vs be iocond. Will you troule the catch. thought, will be an occasion of some choler, though for the

Marrell. Works, vol. ii. p. 136. present they pass'd uncontroll'd.--Hale. Lel. from Dort. Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iii. sc. 2.

In these last sections we have briefly comprised the Por like as dropsie patients drink and still be drie, Catechisings are our best preachings, and by them we

greatest part of what is necessary in the famous ten ranks Whose vnstanchi'st greedie thirst no liquor can allay ; shall give the best account of our charges.

of being, called the ten predicaments, or calegories of ArisAnd drinke they nere so much, yet thurst they by and by;

Bp. Taylor. On Confirmation. totle, on which there are endless volumes of discourses So catchers and snatchers do toile both night and day, This book! is a catechism to fight,

formed by several of his followers. But that the reader Not needie, but greedie, still prolling for their prey. And will be bought of every lord and knight,

may not utterly be ignorant of them, let him know the Murour for Magistrates, p. 278.

names are these : substance, quantity, quality, relation, That can but read.-B. Jonson. Verses on Drayton's Muse. Could never man work thee a worser shame,

action, passion, where, when, situation, and cloathing.

Watts. Logic, pt. i. c. 2. 8. 5. Then once to minge thy father's odious name?

To which (profession of faith) none (of years and know. Whose mention were alike to thee as lieve ledge) was ever admitted, who had not been sufliciently

A single proposition (which is also called categorical) may As a catch-poll's fist into a bankrupt's sleeve. instructed by the catechist in every part of this foundation,

be divided again into simple and complex. Bp. Hall. Satires, b. iv. Sat. 2. (which to that end the catechist received from the Bishop

Id. Ib. pt. ii. c. 2. 3. 4. And as fields that have been long time cloide

with his short exposition of it.) and being so instructed made ! With catching weather, when their corne lies on the gavill there, to superstruct all Christian practice upon it. open confession of it, and moreover, by vow obliged himself

CATENA'TION. Lat. Catena ; Gr. Kačnua, Are with a constant north wind dried, with which for

Hammond. Of Fundamentals, c. 2. mopile descendens, Kabını, (mata and imui,) de

mitto descendo. See Chain and CONCATENATION. comfort leape

We will therefore suppose a man of an ordinary stanıp, Their bearts that sow'd them.

A conjunction or connexion ; like that of the not to have inculcated into him any principles of religion, Chapman mer. Iliad, b. xxi. or explicite or catechistical doctrine of a God, but to be of links of a chain


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