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There is one link and common connection, one general The fruits were faire, the whiche did grow

Supposing that they might easily winne that riche and Higament, and necessary obligation of all whatever unto Within thy garden planted,

flourishing citie, being but mcanely fortified and inhabitid God. Which catenation or conserving union, whenever his The leaves were grene of euery bough,

with citizens not accustomed to the warres, who durst not pleasure shall divide, let go, or separate ; they shall fall And moysture nothing wanted;

withstand their first encounter, hoping moreouer to find froin their existence, essence, and operations: in brief, they Yet or the blossoms gan to fall,

many rebels against her inaiestie and popish catholiques, or must retire into their primitive nothing, and shrink into The caterpillar wasted all.

some fauourers of the Scottish queene, (which was not long their chaos again.--Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. v. c. 5.

Vncertaine Auctors. A Louer accusing his Loue, &c. before most iustly beheaded) who might be instruments of

sedition.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 597. CATER, v.

Dut. Kater.
Skinner re-

Those vast exotick animals, which the multitude flocks

to see, and which men give money to be allowed to gaze on, Also of what prowes he was in armes, and how valiaunt Cater, n. marks that there are some who have had many of them less of my admiration than the little and good a capitayne in battayle, it may sufficiently appeare CATE, n. write Acates, (see Achates,) caterpillar (as learned naturalists esteem it) to which we to them that wyll rede his noble actes and achieuaunces in CATERER, n. and if this, he adds, can be are beholden for silk.--Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 22.

the bokes before remembred, wherein no good catholyke man CA'teress. right, I should deduce the word

wyl any thing doubte, thoughe they be maruaylous. CATHARTICAL.) Καθαιρειν, from κατα and

Sir T. Elyot. The Gouernovr, b. iii. c. 22. from the Fr. Achept, achet, or achapt, emtio, from CATHA'RTICs.

tollere. Whence

The princes of Germanie were of two seuerall opinyons, the verb achapter, acheter, emere. Achepter, how- Kafaipei denotes plané tollere, nempe sordes,

and and of seuerall names, the part that fanoured the pope and ever, he derives from the Mid. Lat. Adcaptare. thus to purge, to cleanse.

all things done by his authority were called catholicall, and But in A. S. Ceapian, aceapian, is, emere ven

Purifying or purging, cleansing.

the other part, which folowed and preached onely the Gospel dere, mercaturam facere, to buy and sell, to

of Christ were called euangelicall. traffick, whence our cheapen," (Somner.) To Scarce any elementary salt is in a small quantity calhar

Grafton. Hen. VIII, an. 22. tical.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 557.

It might by degrees become universal that was not so at cater, generally

first ; and therefore unless the whole present age do agree, To buy or sell, to purchase or provide; to fur- Thus Plato has called mathematical demonstrations the

that is, unless of all that are deemed orthodox there be a nish or supply, food, entertainment, &c.

catharlicks or purgatives of the soul, as being the most present consent, this broken consent is not an infallible proper means to cleanse it from error, and to give it a relish testimony of the catholicism of the Doctrine.

of truth, which is the natural food and nourishment of the Richely she feeds, and at the rich man's cost, understanding, as virtue is the perfection and happiness of

Bp. Taylor. Dissuasive from Popery, pt. ii. Introd And for her meate she needes not craue or cry ; the will —Spectator, No. 517,

His seed in none could fail to grow,
By sea, by land, of delicates the most

Fertile he found them all, or made them so,
Her cater sekes, and spareth for no perell.
Some men employ their health, an ugly trick,

No druggist of the soul bestow'd on all
Wyatt. Of the meane and sure Estate.
In making known how oft they have been sick.

So catholicly a curing cordial.
Take that, and he that doth the rauens feede,
And give us in recitals of disease

Donne. Elegy by Sir L. Carey.
A doctor's trouble, but without the fees :
Yea providentially calers for the sparrow,
Relate how many weeks they kept their bed,

Besides, that marriage is indissoluble, is not catholicly Be comfort to my age: here is the gold.

true; we know it dissoluble for adultery, and for desertion, How an emetic or cathartic sped.-Cowper. Conversation. Shakespeare. As You Like It, Act il. sc. 3.

by the verdict of all reformed churches. When the toild cater home them to the kitchen brings, CATHE'DRAL, n.

Millon. T'etrachordon.

Cathedral church, Fr. The cook doth cast them out as most unsavory things. Cathedral, adj. Eglise cathédrale ; It. Chi- Thus one may judg of the catholikness, which Romanists Drayton. Polly-Olbion, s. 25. CATHEDRATED.

esa catedrale; Sp. Yglesia brag of, and challenge on two accounts.

Brevint. Saul & Samuel at Endor, p. 10 Circe (obseruing, that I put no hand

catedral; Dut. Kathedrae kercke, from the Gr. To any banquet; hauing countermand Kadespa, from kata and copa, a seat, from eseu, introduction say something concerning those systems which

Before I enter upon this task, I shall by way of preface or From weightier cares; the light cates could excuse,)

to sit. So called, says Junius, ab Episcopali catheBowing her neare ine these wing'd words did vse.

undertake to give an account of the formation of the uniChapman. Homer. Odyssey, b. x. drâ; in the same sense in which the Saviour of verse by mechanical hypothesis of matter, mov'd either the world employs it, (Matt. xxiii. 2,)“ The Scribes the intervention and assistance of any superior immaterial

uncertainly, or according to some catholick laws, without The season hardly did afford Coarse cates unto thy neighbour's board

and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat,Eti TTS agent.--Ray. On the Creation, pt. i. Yet thou hadst dainties.

Carew. To Saxham.

Μωσεως καθεδρας.
The seat; the seat of episcopal authority.

They teach (the) spirituous parts (of salt petre] to be the The little fowls in the air have God for their provider and

grand and catholick efficient of cold. caterer.-Shelton. Don Quixote, vol. ii, b. ii. c. 33. There be cathedrall churches into whiche the countre

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 596. Impostor do not charge most innocent nature,

cometh we processió at Whytsontyile, & the women folowing The 1st and largest sense of the term Catholick Churchi, As if she would her children should be riotous the crosse wyth many an vnwomanly songe.

is that which appears to be the most obvious and litera With her abundance; she good cateresa,

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 198. | meaning of the words in the text, (Heb. xii. 23.) The general Means aer provision only to the good,

Wherefore I determined to go into Sartach, & to de

assembly and church of the first-born which are uritten in That live according to her sober laws,

heaven; that is, the whole number of these who shall finally liuer onto them ye letters of my lord the king, wherein he And holy dictate of spare temperance.-Milton. Comus.

attain unto salvation.--2ndly, The Catholick or Universal admonisheth him concerning the good and commoditie of Church, signifies in the next place, and indeed more freYet to so ridiculous a height is this foolish custom grown, all Christondome. And they receiued vs with gladnes, and quently, the Christian Church only: the Christian Church, that even the Christmas pye, which in its very nature is a gaue vs entertainement in the cathedrall church.

as distinguished from that of the Jews and patriarchs of kind of consecrated cure, and a harige of distinction, is often

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 94. old; the Church of Christ spread universally from our forbidden to the Druid of the family.--Tatler, No. 255.

Saviour's days over all the world; in contradistinction to It was decreed, and straitely ordred in a councel holden

the Jewish Church, which was particularly contined to one at Gerunda in Spaine, that al litle churches in the countrie It is true, that some of these rules may seem more prin- should confourme them selues vnto the greate cathedral frequently, in a still more particular and restrained sense,

nation or people.-3dly, The Catholic Church signifies very cipally to respect the steward, clerk of the kitchen, calerer,

churches that were in cities and townes, as well for order or perhaps the butler.-King. Art of Cookery.

that part of the Universal Church of Christ, which in the of the communion, as also for singinge, and other ministra

present age is now living upon earth ; as distinguished from Androcles, after having sodden the flesh of it by the sun, tion.-Jewel. A Replie to M. Hardinge, p. 71.

those which have been before, and shall come after thiy subsisted upon it till the lion had supplied him with

Her body (Mary of Scotland) was embalmed, and ordered

and lastly, The term Catholick Church signifies in the last another. He lived many days in this frightful solitude, the with due and usuall rites; and afterwards interred with a

place, and most frequently of all, that part of the Universal lion catering for him with great assiduity.

Church of Christ, which in the present generation is visible Guardian, No. 139. royall funerall in the cathedrall-church of Peterborough.

Camden. Eliz. an. 1587.

upon earth, in an outward profession of the belief of the

Gospels, and in a visible external communion of the word Hath any rival glutton got the start, And beat him in his own luxurious art; If this reproof be private, or with the cathedrated authority and sacraments. The Church of Rome pretends herself to

be- This Whole Catholick Church, exclusive of all other Baught cales, for which Apicius could not pay,

of a prælector or public reader. Or drest old dainties in a newer way.

Whitelock. Manners of the English, p. 385.

societies of Christians.-Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 62. Churchill. The Times.

I began to consider with myself what innumerable multi- I never could meet with any body that pretended to CA’TER-COUSIN. Quatre cousin.

tudes of people lay confused together under the pavement say what their private faith and religion might be; all the of that antient cathedral; how men and women, friends gipsies that I have conversed with assured me of their sound

catholicism.--Su inburne. Spain, Let. 29.
Goh. His maister and he (sauing your worship’s reuerence) and enemies, priests and soldiers, monks and prebendaries,
are scar e calercosins.-Shakes. Mer. of Venice, Act ii. sc. 2.

were crumbled amongst one another, and blended together
in the same common mass; how beauty, strength, and

CATTLE. In Dut. Chattels, bona mobilia, His mother was as honest a woman as ever broke bread; youth, with old age, weakness and deformity, lay undistin- and cattle, pecus, are called by the same name, she and I have been cater-cousins in our youth. guished in the same promiscuous heap of matter.

Kateylen, kateelen. Spelman says, all goods moveDryden. Limberham, Act ii. sc. I.

Spectator, No. 26.

able or immoveable: yet properly that kind of Two of the best voices came in time enough, and the goods which consists in animals, a quorum capiti. CA’TERPILLAR. Junius writes Cartepillar, service was performed cathedral-wise, tho' in a manner, to

bus, res ipsæ, were at some times called capita, at or Cartlepillar, perhaps from the Dut. Kerten, bare walls, with an anthen suitable to the day.

Guardian, No. 80.

others, capitalia ; by syncope, captalia and catalia, kartelen, circumtondere, quod herbas, et fruges,

whence our law term catalla, 'in Eng. Chattels. arrotendo circumtondeat, because they shear herbs CATHOLICK, n. Fr. Catholique ; lt. and The early inhabitants of the earth, he adds, estiand fruits, hy eating or devouring. Dr. T. Hickes

CATHOLICK, adj. Sr. Catolico; Dut. Ka mated their wealth from the number of their thinks it is chair peleuse, i. e. caro pilosa. Minshew CATHOLICKLY.

Gr. Kalo.KiOS, animals. Skinner derives from capita, (q.d.) and Skinner, chatte-peleuse, so called ab hirsutie CATHOLICKNESS. from kata and oxos, all, | capitalia, because

they belong by law ad caput, i. e. istius animalis, felis simili. Under the word

Catholical, adj. the whole, universal. For personam. Now applied toCater, cntes ; Junius says, hence it is manifest why

CATHOLICISM, n. the various applications Kine, horses, and some other animals, approvolvox vel convolvulus, is in English called cater

of the word in the Christian Church, see the quo- priated to the use of man. piller, because it destroys the food of man and tation from Dr. Clarke. beast, as it springs from the earth.

Catholick, all, the whole, universal ; less thinges to alle men as it was nede to ech.-Wichis. Dedis.

They seeldin possessiouns and catel and departiden thu strictly, general, commen, Caterpillers destroy the fruite, an hurtefull thing and well

His tithes paied he full fayre and wel slyfted for, by a diligent ouerseer.

Fr. Catholizer, Cotgrave says, is to catholize it,

Both of his propre swinke, and his catel.
Sir John Cherke. The Hurt of Sedition. to play the Catholick, to become a Catholick.

Chaucer. Prelogue, v. $16.




CAV 1 Is ignoble never liv'd, they were awhile

But notwithstanding all that could be said, the con- They spide a little cottage, like some poore man's nest, Like swine, or other catell here on earth!

federacy for them was strong enough to carry all before Under a steepe hills side, it placed was, Their names are not recorded on the file them; the caralierish party, who were very numerous,

There where the mouldred earth had cav'd the bank. or life, that fall so. joining with them, in expectation that it might prove a good

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. e. 5, B. Jonson. Underwood. Epithalamion. step towards the return of the former peerage. Until the transportation of cattle into England was for

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 168.

Although perhaps

It may be heard at court, that such as wee bidden by the late act of parliament, the quickest trade for They sent away their caralry with so much haste, and in Caue heere, hunt heere, are out-lawes, and in time ready money here was driven by the sale of young bullocks, so continued a march, that they wer“ possessed of the path May make some stronger head. which, for four or five summer-months of the year, were before the body the king had sent could reach it; whereby

Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iv. sc. 2. carried over in very great numbers, and this made all the they gained their point, though their caralry suffered inuch. breeders in the kingdom turn their lands and stocks chiefly

Burnet. Oun Time, an. 1694. In other places there be also caves and holes of a propheto that sort of cattle.

ticall power : by the exhalation of which, men are intoxicate, Sir W. Temple. Of Advancement of Trade in Ireland. My worthy friend Sir Roger, when we are talking of the

and as it were drunken, and so foretell things to come, as at malice of parties, very frequently tells us an accident, that

Delphi, the most renowned oracle.—Holland. Plin. b. ii. c.93. " Imitators are but a servile kind of cattle,says the happened to him when he was a school boy, which was at poet: or at best the keepers of cattle for other men; they the time when the feuds ran high between the Round-heads have nothing which is properly their own; that is a suili- and Cavalieres.--Spectator, No. 125.

The other errous may be, for that the object of sight doth

strike upon the pupill of the eie, directly without any intercient mortification for me, while I am translating Virgil. Dryden. Parallel between Poetry and Painting.

He [Warburton) very caralierly tells us, that these notes ception; whereas the care of the eare doth hold off the were among the amusements of his younger years.

sound a little from the organ: and so nevertheless there is CAVALCADE. Fr. Cavalcade; It. Cavalcata,

Edwards. Canons of Criticism, Pref. some distance required in both.-Bacon. Nal. Hist. $ 272 from the Lat. Caballus; Gr. Kabulans, a name

They could tell,
How their long-matchless cavalry, so oft

For many a field-bredd herdsman, (vnheard still,) applied to the meaner sort of horses, from the

'er hills of slain by ardent Rupert led,

Hast thou made drowne, the cauernes of the hill Dori, Καββαλλειν, for καταβαλλειν, to throw or Whose dreaded standard Victory had war'd,

Where his retreates lie, with his helplesse teares. cast down, ( Vossius.) A cavalcade isTill then triumphant, there with noblest blood

Chapman. Hymne to Hermes. A number of persons proceeding together on From their gor'd squadrons dy'd the restive spear

The sea-nymphs that the watry carerns keep, Or London's firm militia, and resign'd horseback.

Have sent their pearls and rubies from the deep, The well-disputed field.-Glover. London.

To deck thy love; and plac'd by thee they drew Many members of the House of Commons, especially those

More lustre to them, than where first they grew.

CAUDAL, adj. Lat. Cauda, a tail. Of unof London, went to Oxford, accompanied or attended with

Wilson. Upon Donne and his Poems. the ceremonious caralcade of a numerous train of friends,

CA'udate. I known etymology.

The fire of an oven is a fit similitude of a fire within, as Baker. Charles II. an. 1681. Having a tail, or something terminating like, or

into which fire is put to heat it, and the heat made more inNext after these, there rode the royal wife, otherwise resembling, a tail.

tense by the cavity or hollowness of the place.
With Emily, the cause and the reward of strife
The following caralcade, by three and three,
How Jove his thunder makes, and lightning new,

Goodwin. Works, vol. iii. p. 565.
How with the bolt he strikes the earth below,
Proceed by titles marshal'd in degree,

Those that descended into the care of Trophonius, were How comate, crinite, caudale stars are framd, Thus through the southern gate they take their way,

first to be tried by many sacrifices, whether they were fit to And at the list arriv'd ere prime of day. I knew, my skill with pride my heart enllam'd.

enter it or not, and they were to pray before an image of Dryden. Palamon & Arcile, b. iii.

Fairefax. Godfrey of Boulogne, b. xiv. 8. 44.

Daedalus's making, which none else were allowed to see, Quick with the word his way the hero made,

The tail is slender, of the same length as the remainder of and then after other preparation they were let into that Conducted by a glorious caralcade;

the body to the nose, and terminates in a small caudal fin. dreadful place, where they saw and heard strange things Pert petulance the first attracts his eye,

Pennant. Zoology. The Cuvier Ray.

which they discovered to the priests when they came forth.

Stillingfleet, vol. iii. Ser. 12 And drowsy dulness slowly saunters by,

CA'UDLE, v.) Fr. Chadeau, from Chaud ; With malice old, and scandal ever new,

Ca'udle, n.

Calidus, warm ; (q. d.

From out the rock's wide carerns deep below
Aud natural nonsense, neither false nor true.

The rushing ocean rises to its flow;
Smart. Hilliad.

And, ebbing, here retires; within its sides,
A warm drink; of eggs, wine, bread, sugar and In roomy cares the god of sea resides.
CAVALIER, n. Fr. Chevalier, cavalier ; spices.

Hughes. The Court of Neptune. Cavali'er, adj. It. Cavaliere; Sp. Caval. CAVALI'ering, adj. He migte tho at is diner abbe bilened al so wel,

Now pass'd the rugged road, they journey'd down lero; immediately from the As me seith "wan ich am ded, make me a caudel."

The cavern'd way descending to the town, CAVALIERISH. Fr. Cheval; It. and Sp.

R. Gloucester, p. 361. Where, from the rock, with liquid lapse distils CAVALI'ERLY. Cavalla, from Lat. Ca.

Will the cold brooke

A limpid fount. Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xvil. CAVALLE'RO. ballus. See CAVALCADE.

Candied with ice, cawdle thy morning taste Cavalry, n.

But he, (Ulysses) deep musing, o'er the mountains stray'a A horseman, one who

To cure thy o're-nights surfet.

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iv. sc 3. Through many thickets of the woodland shade, rides or is on horseback. Then applied, conse

And cavern'd ways the shaggy coast along,

O tell me, good Dumaine ; quentially, to

With cliffs and nodding forest overhung.-Id. Ib. b. xiv. And gentle Longauill, where lies thy paine? One, who has the gallant spirit, and manners of And where my liedges ? all about the brest:

Upon weighing the heart in my hand, I found it to be er. men-having the rank of horseman. See also the

A caudle hoa! Id. Love's Labour Lost, Act iv. sc. 3. tremely light, and consequently very hollow, which I did quotation from Clarendon.

If a man laments in company, where the rest are in hu

not wonder at, when, upon looking inside of it, I saw multi

tudes of cells and carities running one within another. Cavalier, adj.-gallant, brave, high-spirited, mour enough to enjoy themselves, he should not take it ill haughty, disdainful. if a servant is order'd to present him with a porringer of

Spectator, No. 281. caudle or posset drink, by way of admonition that he go

The first rude essay of nature had been so much improved Cavalry, n. - Fr. Cavallerie, horsemanship, also home to bed.—Spectator, No. 143.

by human labour, that the care contained several aparthorsemen, (Cotgrave.) Applied to—military com- She's gone! but there's another in her stead,

ments appropriated to different uses, and often afforded panies of horsemen. | For of a princess Charlotte's brought to ved :

lodging for travellers, whom darkness or tempests happened Oh! could I but have had one single sup,

to overtake.-Johnson. Rasselas, c. 21. It may perhaps seeme strange and incredible, that so many caralleros should all faile in this one attempt, since

One single sniff, at Charlotte's caudle cup! in many parts of the Indies, far smaller numbers in shorter

Warton. The Oxford Newsman's Verse for 1767. I will teach you to pierce the bowels of the earth, and

bring out from the carerns of the mountains metals which time have performed as great matters, and subdued mighty CAVE, v.

Fr. Cave; It. Cava ; Sp. shall give strength to your hands, and security to your kingdumes.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 691.

Cave, n.

Cueva, cava ;

Lat. Cavus. bodies.-Id. Rambler, No. 33.
Welcome, my little tyne theéfe, and welcome indeed too; CA'VERN, N Varro and Festus think a Amid the fearful trance, a thund'ring sound
l'e drinke to M. Dardolfe, and to all the cauileroes about CA'VERNED, adj.
London. --Shakespeare. 2 Part Henry IV. Act v.se. 3.

chao dictum.
Chaos is pro-

lle hears, and thrice the hollow decks rebound;
CA'VERNOUS. perly a vast gap or opening,

Upstarting from his couch on deck he sprang, Neverthelesse, because he would not sit still, nor be dis

Thrice with shrill note the boatswain's whistle rang,

Ca'vity, n. pised for his slonth, he enforced Arberio and Agile with

(vastus hiatus) from the an

All hands unmoor! proclaims the boatswain's cry, other captaines and officers of the carallerie, to make haste

cient Xaer for xaiveiv, to gape, to open, (Vossius.) All hands unmoor! the cavern'd rocks reply. with puissant regimients under their conduct. Any thing hollow; a hollow place, for men,

Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 1 Holland, Ammianus, p. 181. or other animals, to take shelter or refuge.

The town and temple of Delphi were seated on a bare and Many good welcomes, and much gratis cheere, 1 Thei eriden in wildirnessis in mounteyns and dennys and

carernous rock; defended, on all sides, with precipices, inKeepes he for everie straygling carnliere.

stead of walls.-Warburton. Julian, b. ii. c. 6.
cauys of the erthe.--Wiclif. Ebreuis, c. 11.

Bp. Hall, b. iii. Sat. 7.
And from those contestations, the two terms of Round-
They wandered in wilderness, in mountaynes, in dennes CAVIL, v.

Fr, Caviller ; It. Cavilhend and Caralier grew to be receiv'd in discourse, and were and caues of the earth.-- Bible, 1551. Ib.

CA'vil, n.


Sp. Cavilar; Lat. afterwards continued for the most succinct distinction of But or his here was clipped or yshave,

CAVILLA'Tion. Cavillor, from Cavere. affections throughout the quarrel: th y who were looked

Ther was no bond with which men might him bind,

Cavilla'tory, adj. Cavere propriè est jurisupon as servants to the king, being then called Cavaliers;

But now he is in prison in a care and the other of the rabble contemned and despised, under

Wheras they made him at the querne grinde.


consultorum. Cavillari the name of Round-head.

Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14,077. CA'VILLING, N.

est leguleiorum ac rabu. Clarendon. History of the Rebellion, b. iv. Under an hille there is a caue,

CA'viLLINGLY. larum forensium, (Vos. I know all the sober gentry will close with you, if they Whiche of the sonne maie not haue

Ca’villous, adj. sius.) Cavere is, to be may be tenderly and gently used; and I will so use them, So that no man maie knowe aright

CA'VILLOUSLY. as knowing it to be the common concern, to amplifie, and The poynt betwene the daie and night.

wary, to be circumspect, Dot to lessen our interest, and to be careful that neither the

Gower. Con. A. b. iv. to provide against risks or contingencies. Cavila caualiers nor phanatick party have yet a share in your civil or military power.- Buker. Monk. Speech to the House.

But greene wood like a garland growes, and hydes them lari, to cavil, is -
al with shade,

To guard against imaginary or trifling risks or Harl he (Vedham) been constant to his caraleering prin

And in the midds a pleasaunt caue there stants of nature difficulties; to invent trifling difficulties, to raise ciples, he would haue been beloued by and admired of all.


Where sits the nymphes among the springs in seats of captious objections; objections merely verbal; W vod. Athena Oxon.

mosse and stone. Phner. l'irgill. Æ dos b. i. carp, to wrangle.

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And in thin hond thou shalt it have anon,

shut up, to close, to inclose. The Latin Vulgate, This word has puzzled the philosophers quite On this condition, and other non,

Interiora. Junius says, perhaps the same with as much as it has the etymologists. See the ex. That thou depart it so, my dere brother, That every frere have as moch as other:

Cowle, (qv.) Skinner, from the A. S. Cylla, uter, amples following, particularly those from Locke, '7'his shalt thou swere on thy profession

a bag. In Ger. Kel-en is Cavare, to hollow; which, Edwards, Hume, and Scott. Withouten fraud or cavilation.

Wachter thinks, is from the Gr. Koros, hollow. To cause, as used by Spenser, is merely to ez.
Chaucer, The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7718.
Caul is applied as above;-

cuse or make excuses. See Excuse. Finally yf you be voyde of belefe in suche thynges as are To that wherein the bowels are wrapped; (see Cause may be described to be-A general term, spiritual, and pertaine untu the soule, wheras ye can not thwarte and cauylt in the thinges you see ulogen before your the head-dress or cap, which incloses the head.

the quotation from Paley,) and also to a part of denoting the case, the state or condition, of ciriyes, then do you plainly declare your obstinate malice.

cumstances, of things, preceding, prevening, preUdal. Mark, c. 2.

I wil mette thé, as a beare that is robbed of her whelpes, moving, pre-acting, to or towards, a change of Els hys pregnaunt wit could not haue passed it so cleane and I will breake the calfe of their heart, and there wil I

case, state, or condition of circumstances : an ouer, but would haue assayled it with some sophisticall deuoure them like a lion.—Genera Bible, 1561. Hosea, xiii. 8. acting, moving to, effecting, producing : an agent cauillation which by hys painted poetrie he might so haue i I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, effecting: the feeling moving the agent: that coloured, that at the last he might make ye ignoraunt some and I will rent the caul of their heart, and there will I de- which-the reason, the will, which-moves, inappearance of truth.-Frith. Workes, p. 108. vour them like a lion.-Bible, Modern Version.

duces, prevails, determines : the origin or source. Indeede you almost in no place reason ad idem, which is

A quiuer on her shoulders smale he hanges with crooked The cause or case in law, the plaintiff's case or

bow a manifest argumente, that you are but a shifting cauiller.

cause, are terms used indiscriminately. The cause In steade of golden caulle, and

mantel braue shulde hange of a person or party, is the case, the state or conWhitgift. Defence, p. 429.

below.-Phaer. Virgile. Æneidos, b. xi. Onlie among all, and of all Nero and Domitian being kindled by diuers naughtie and spiteful persons cauillinglie nets, caules, kerchiefes and coifes woren of such thread,

For I suppose that some of you have seen towels, napkins, dition of things, or circumstances, in which he is,

or endeavours to be. obiected against our doctrine, of whom this sicophantical

which would not burn or consume in the fire, but when they slandering of us by naughtie custome first came and sprang were foul and soiled with occupying, folk flung them into

For it is seyn to mi withouten resgun to sende a bounden up.-Pux. Martyrs, p. 46. the fire, and took them forth again clean and fair.

man, and not to signyfie the cause of him. Holland. Plutarch, p. 1094.

Wiclif. Dedis, c. 25. But Colotes, like a sychophant, cavilling at him, and catching at his words, without regard of the matter, not arguing

After the manner of women he puts a cawle upon his For me thincketh it unreasonable for to send a prisoner, against his reasons indeed, but in wordes onely, affirmeti head.-Prynne. Histriomastrix, pt. i. p. 197.

and not to shewe the causes whyche are layde against him. flatly, that Parmenides overthroweth all things in one word, Some of our ancient ladies of the court exercise their fingers

Bible, an. 1551. Ib. by supposing that all is one.---Holland. Plutarch, p. 913. in the needle, other in caulworke, diuerse in spinning of

He knew the cause of every maladie,
silke.-Holinshed. Desc. of England, c. 15.

Were it of cold, or hote, or inoist, or drie.
Thy Justice seems; yet to say truth, too late,
Her head with ringlets of her hair is crown'd

Chaucer. Prologue, v. 421.
I thus contest ; then should have been refused
And in a golden caul the curls are bound.

But grete God above, These terms whatever, when they were propos'd :

Dryden. Virgile. Æneis, b. vii.

That knoweth that none act is causeles,
Thou didst accept them; wilt thou enjoy the good,
Why the fat is collected chiefly about some particular

He deme af all, for I wol hold my pees.
Then caril the conditions.--Milton. Paradise Lost, d. X.
parts and vessels, and not others, as for example, the reing

Id. The Merchantes Tale, v. 9348. To preache by halfes is to be worse

and the caul, I easily consent with Galen and others, the And nowe (men seyen) is other wise Then those tongue-holly iauells,

reason to be the cherishing and keeping warm of those parts Simon the cause oath vndertake, That cite good words, but shift off works, upon which such vessels are spread; so the caul serves for

The worldes swerde in hand is take, And discipline by cauells. the warming of the lower belly, like an apron or piece of

Gower. Con. A. Prologue,
Warner. Albion's England, c. 39.
woollen cloth.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii.

And by this skille a man maie knowe,
It is deemed lucky to be born with a caul, or membrane

The more that thei stonden lowe,
I might adde further for more full and complete answer,
over the face. This caul is esteemed an infallible preserva-

The more ben the cercles lasse, so much concerning the large oddes betweene the case of tive against drowning. It is related that midwives used to sell

That causeth why that some passe the oldest churches in regard of those heathens, and ours in this membrane to advocates, as an especial means of making

Her due cours to fore an other.-ID, Con. A. b. vi. respect of the Church of Rome, that very cauillation itselfe

them eloquent. According to Chrysostom, the midwives should bee satisfied, and haue no shift to fiie vnto.

Then would ye sone perceyue the common wealthes hurt, Hooker. Eccles, Politie, b iv. 58. frequently sold it for magic uses.-Grose. Superstitions, p. 45.

not when other felt it who deserued it not, but when you

The omentum, epiploon, or carl, is an apron, tucked up, smarted who caused it, and stoode not and looked upon That ev'n th' ignorant may understand,

or doubling upon itself, at its lower part. The upper edge other men's losses, which ye might pittie, but tormented How that deceit is but a cariller,

is tied to the bottom of the stomach, to the spleen, as hath And true unto itself can lever stand,

with your owne, which ye would lament. already been observed, and to part of the duodenum. The But still must with her own conclusions war reflected edge, also, after forming the doubling, comes up

Sir J. Cheeke. The Hurt of Sedition. Daniel. Musophilus. ' behind the front tlap, and is tied to the colon and adjoining

The Lord for them with causefull ire viscera.- Paley. Natural Theology, c. 11.

Shall use destroying power.

Sidney, Psalm 21. And therefore the Apostle in Rom. i, dealing with the Gentiles, mentions none of their carnal pleas, but when he CAU'PONIZE. Lat. Caupo, a suttler, & vic

Forced she is to teares ay to returne, comes to the Jews in chap. ii. he spends it in taking away tualler.

With new requestes, to yeld her hart to loue : their cavillings.--Goodwin. Works, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 399.

And least she should before her causelesse death To procure victuals, to provide and supply with! Leaue any thing vntried. Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv Those persons are said to be carillous and unfaithful ad-'articles of food, drink, &c. ;-to act as suttler or vocates, by whose fraud and iniquity, justice is destroy'd ;

Neyther doth this counsayle bind a man that he shal of and, therefore, they ought to be severely punish'd, as afore- victualler.

necessitie against the comer nature suffer another manne said.--Ayliffe. Parergon. Jur. Canon. p. 56. I call your virtues unaccountable, as I do the wealth of deféce of another, whom he seeth innocente

and inuaded

causclesse to kyll hym, nor letteth not any manne fro the Nay, by the covenant itself, since that so cavillously is

our rich rogues who cauponised to the armies in Germany and oppressed by malice.—Sir T. More. Workes, p. 278.

in this last war; who have raised our admiration, that they urgeu against us, we are enjoined in the fourth article, with a!1 faithfulness to endeavour the bringing all such to public were able to plunder and pillage so mightily amidst an uni

Daungerous delph, depe dungeon of disdaine, trial and condign punishment, as shall divide one kingdom versal poverty.—Warburton to Hurd, Let. 171.

Sacke of self-will, the chest of craft and change, from another.-Millon. Articles of Peace with the Irish.

What causeth thee thus causelesse for to change!
Lat. Causa. Perottus,

Vncertaine Auctors. Against a cruel Woman The first of these cacillatory objections against the par- CAUSE, n.

(see Martin, in v. Causa,) Jiament's proceeding is, that both houses, have without the CAU'sable, adj. enumerates many proposed

What word is that, that changeth not, king's consent, contrary to Magna Charta, the Petition of

Though it be turnde and made in twaine ? Right, &c. &c. their ordinances onely imposed late taxes.

Cau'sal, adj. etymologies. 1. Some think It is inine Anna, God it wot, Prynne. Soveraigne Power of Parlaments, pt. iv. c. 2. Causa'lity. it is so called, a Chao, de- The only causer of my paine ;

CAESALLY. Since it seems they have wit and understanding enough

My loue that medeth with disdaine. tracta aspiratione, because

CAUSA'TION. to caril and find fault with these things, and upon that

Wyat. Of his Lore called Annah

Chaos was the first cause of account to deny their obedience to those lawful powers Cau'sative. all things. 2. Others from

My hart doth melt with meere compassion, which God hath set over them, one would think, they should,

To think how canselesse of her own accord

CAU'SATOR. the Gr. Kavors, which sigat the same time, have so much honesty, as seriously to

This gentle Damzel, whom I write upon endeavour to give themselves satisfaction as to those things

Cat'sEFUL. nifies heat or burning, be- Should pionged be in such affliction they find fault with. --Sharp, vol. ii. A Disc. of Conscience.


cause à cause is that which Without all hope of comfort of reliefe.
kindles and inflames us,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iil. c. 8. In the first place, it should be considered, that those

But he to shifte their curious request,

CAU’sELESSNESS. carillers at the style of the Scripture, that you and I have

(accendit inflammatque) to

Gan causen why she could not come in place ;

Cau'sER. hitherto met with, do (for want of skill in the original espe.

action, 3. Some, a cavendo,

Her crased helth, her late recourse to rest cially in the Hebrew) judge of it by the translations, wherein because it is that, quæ cavet, that any thing should And humid evening ill for sicke folkes cace, alone they read it.-Boyle, Works, vol. ii. p. 257.

be done or not be done. 4. Some, a casu ;--and But none of those excuses could take place. 'Tis I, quoth she, in every vale,

this Martinius himself prefers as the most simple, First hissid the noisy nightingale;

ut primo sit (causa, sc.) quod contigit, accidit. Which not withstanding I will acknowledge to be iust and And boldly carill'd at each note,

reasonable, if he or any other man living shall shew that I That twitter'd in the woodjark's throat.-Smarl, Fable 14.' Occasio, (of obvious etymology,) he observes is

vse as much as the bare familiar companie but of one, who also used pro causâ et origine. Isidorus says also,

by word or deed hath euer giuen me cause to suspect of CAUL, Sherwood writes, Caul or Kell, (see Vossius,) caussa sit, quicquid cecidit, id est, conjecture him, such as here they are terined, with whom wherein the bowels are wrapped. Bullokar, Kell; accidit. Vossius is in favour of caiso, seu quaiso,

complaint is made that I ioyne myselfe.

Hooker. Answer to Travers the caule about the paunche of a hart or stagge. as the ancients wrote, for quæso. And uiteiv, he The Geneva Bible, Hosea, " I will break the calfe remarks, (whence aitia, causa,) is nothing more Saile by them therefore; thy companions of their heart.” Perhaps a misprint, as in ten other than quæsere, seu petere. Sec Martinius and

Before hand causing to stop euery eare instances it is Kall or Kal, and once Calle. The Vossius ; and for the various usages of causa, see

With sweete soft wax so close ; that none may hcors

A note of all their charmings. Septuagint, Luykielouos, from ovv, and KAEL-Ew, to Gesner.



Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 9.

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Chapman. Houer Odyssey, b. ni.

C Αι

In this pleasant soile

cbjects similar to the second. Or in other words, where, if then the wealth of the foresaid nations, and their manifsal His farre more pleasant garden God ordain'd,

the first object had not been, the second never had existed. and most vsual kinds of wares vttered in those datos as Out of the fertil ground he caux'd to grow

The appearance of a cause always conveys the mind, by a likewise, &c.--Hack!ryt. Voyages, vol. i. Pref. All trees of noblest kind for sight, smell, taste.

customary transition, to the idea of the effect of this also Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv. we have experience. We may, therefore, suitably to this

But of such covered cautelty, being taken for gond CathoIr it be in that all have sinned, as taking co w [in that) as experience, form another definition of cause; and call it an

lic chastity, I have not to deal, referring that to him, which object followed by another, and whose appearance always once I trust shall purge the church of such cloked hypocr.cy a causal particle, yet still it implies that all have sinned, and were guilty of an act of sinning, as was argued. conveys the thought to that other.

Bale in Strype. Memoirs of Q. Mary, an. lin. Goodtoin. Works, vol. iii. pt. i. p. 12.

Hune. On Ilum. Underst. s. 7,

In him a plenitude of subtle matter, Now if there be no spirit, matter must of necessity move

According to Aristotle, a cause, or to aitiov is of four Apply'd to cautels, all strange forms receives, i self, where you cannot imagine any activity or causality,

kinds, Ist, the material, which denotes the relation in which Of burning blushes, or of weeping water, but the bare essence of the matter from whence the motion

marble stands to the statue that is formed of it. 2nd, The Or swooning paleness. --Shakes. A Loucr's Complaint comes.-H. More. Immortality oj the Soul, b. i. c. 6.

formal, which denotes the cause of every thing being pre-
cisely what it is, according to the peripatetic doctrine, that

Perhaps he loues you now,
If one sin would naturally and by physical causality de- every phenomena in nature is a consequence of the opera-

And now no soyle nor cautell doth besmerch stroy original righteousness, then every one sin in the tion of the two principles, matter and form. 3d, The efficient,

The virtue of his feare.-Id. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 3, regenerate can as well destroy habitual righteousness, be- or that from which effects proceed; and 4th, The final, which cause that and this differ not but in their principle, not in expresses the purpose or object intended to be accomplished

Sweare priests and cowards, and men cautelones
their nature and constitution.
by these effects.-Scott. Elements of Intell. Philosophy, c. l.

Old feeble carrions, and such suffering soules
Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, s. i. c. 6.

That welcome wronge.--Id. Julius Cæsar, Act ii. so. 1.
CAUSEY. Dut. Kautsije, kaussijde. Via
Now alwaies God's word hath a causation with it,-he

CA'USEWAY. | strata, (Kilian.) said to him, sit, -that is, he made him sit, or as it is here

Fr. Chaussée;

Beleeu't not lightly, though I go alone

Like to a lonely dragon, that his fenne exprest, he made him sit with a mightie power.

It. Calzata ; Sp. Calçada ; Mid. Lat. Calceata. Makes fear'd, and talk'd of more then seen: your sonne Goodeoin. Works, vol. i. pt. i. p. 406. Via calce strata, (Skinner.) Spelman observes,

Will or exceed the common, or be caught For the subject of it [mathematic] being quantity, not every WAY — - calcata est, but not calceata : is With cauteluus baits and practice. quantity indefinite, which is but relative, and belongeth to trodden, but not paved. It is not, therefore, called

Id. Coriolanus, Act iv. sc. 1 philasophia prima, as hath been said, but quantity determined, or proportionable; it appeareth to be one of the essena calcando, but a calceando, because it is fortified

He had a mind, was of a large extent,

The sign thereof on his bold brow he bore ; tial forms of things; as that that is causative in nature of with stones or some other hard substance, quasi Stern of behaviour, and of body strong; a number of effects.- Bacon. On Learning, b. i.

calceo, against the injuries of waggons and pas- Witty, well-spoken, cautelous, tho' young. O sir, I said, the gods defend that I sengers. Somner, a calce, because they are ren

Drayton. Biseries of Queen Margaret. Should causelesse kill a man in miserie, dered firm with stones, which the Fr. call Chaur,

Over and besides, these Druidæ (as all the surt of these Tell me thy name and place, then by and by

lime. I will prouide for thine aduersitie.

It is applied to—

magicians bee passing caulilous and cunning to hide and

cover their deceitful fallacies) doe affirme, that there must Mirrors for Magistrates, p. 232. A way, a path, a road, prepared, hardened :

be a certaine speciall time of the moone's age espied, when Confession to a priest, the minister of pardon and recon

formed of stones, or other consolidated substance. this businesse is to be gone about. ciliation, the curate of souls, and the guide of consciences is of

Holland. Plinie, b. xxix. c. 3. And there was Peter de Boyse capitayne, who made good so great use and benefit to all that are heavy laden with their

semblant to defende the bridge, for he and his men were by sins, that they who carelesly and causlesly neglect it, are

We see, I say, that all pretorian courts, if any of the neither lovers of the peace of consciences, nor are careful for the bridge on the causey, raynging on bothe sydes.

parties be entertained or Jaid asleep under pretence of the advantages of their souls.

Berners. Fruissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 413. arbitrement or accord, and that the other party, during that Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, c. 10. s. 4. So did they toyle as thereabout,

time, doth cautelously get the start and advantage at comNo causie was yn wrought,

mon law, though it be to judgment and execution ; yet the Il you do not please that there shall arise to me some fruit Wherefore new labours for his men

pretorian court will set back all things in slalu quo prius, by all this by your discerning and acknowledging the cause

The holie hermit sought.

no respect had to such eviction or dispossession, lessness of your exceptions, yet if you please let us put it to others to judge between us; for 'tis possible we may judge

Warner. Albion's England, b. v. c. 24.

Bacon. War with Spain. amiss of our own performances. The king of England came all along the causey, that I haue

Old men, saith our best natural master, by reason of the Hammond, Works, vol. i. p. 196. spoken of, well accompanied that he seemed well to be a

experience of their often mistakes, are hardly brought conI liue in feare, I languish all in dread, king.-Hall. Edw. IV. an. 13.

stantly to aflirm any thing, they will always cautelously

interline their speeches, with it may bees and peradrentures, Wealth is my woe, the causer of my care.

Th' other way Satan went down,

and other such particles of wariness and circumspection. Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 230. The causey to hell gate. Milton. Paradise Lost, b. x.

Hale. Remains, Ser. 1. To suppose an infinite succession of changeable and dependent beings produced one from another in an endless And hail-stones, pattering from the chilling sky,

Now of these two, David here (like Mary in the Gospel) progression, without any original cause at all; is only a

Hop'd on the thatch, and on the causeway by.

teacheth you to make choice of the better part. For let it driving back from one question to another, and (as it were)

Fawkes. G. Douglas imitated. not offend you, if I compare these two great Christian virtues, removing out of sight the question concerning the ground Ten years were consumed in the hard labour of forming

cautelousness or reason of the existence of things. the road through which these stones (for the pyramid) were

repentance Clarke. On the Attributes, Prop. 2. to be drawn; a work, in my estimation, of no less fatigue

and not only compare, but much prefer the one before the In the notice, that our senses take of the common vicissiand difficulty than the pyramid itself. This causeway is five

other. I know the doctrine of repentance is a worthy tude of things, we cannot but observe, that several parti. thirty-two cubits, the whole is of polished marble, adorned stadia in length, forty cubits wide, and its extreme heighth lesson, the joy and comfort of our souls, we drink it in with

thirsty ears; yet let me tell you to be all for it, is somo culars, both qualities and substances begin to exist; and with the figures of animals.

wrong and impeachment to this Christian cautelousness and that they receive this their existence, from the due application and operation of some other being. From this obser

Beloe. Herodotus. Euterpe, c. 124.

wariness here commended.-Id. Rem. Dixi Custod. p. 322. vation, we get our ideas of cause and effect. That which CA'USTICK. See infra CAUTERY.

It is a good thing to seek what we have lost, and this produces any simple or complex idea, we denote by the

repentance doth : but it is a thing of higher excellency not general name cause ; and that which is produced, effect.

CA'UTEL, n. Fr. Cauteller, cautelle, cau. to be of the lacking hand, but to enjoy still what we have. so that whatever is considered by us to conduce or operate,

CA'UTELOUS, adj. teleux ; from the Lat. Cau- And this the benetit of cautelousness. to the produciug any particular simple idea, or collection of CAUTELOUSLY.

Hale. Rem. Dixi Custodian, p. 324 simple ideas, whether substance or mode, which did not

tus; It. and Sp. Cautela, before exist, hath thereby in our minds the relation of a

CA'UTELOUSNESS. cauteloso. Cautelous, used CA'UTERIZE, v. Gr. Kavotnplov, from cause, and so is denominated by us.

as cautious;


Καιειν, to burn. Lat. Locke. On Hum, Underst. b. ii. c. 26. Provident, circumspect, wary, and then ex- CA'UTERY.

Cauterium ; Fr. CauterThere may be veritable relations of some, who without a tended to,-cunning, crafty, subtle, insidious. Cau'stick, adj. izer; It. Cauterizzare ; miracle, and by peculiarity of temper, have far ont-fasted Warburton observes, that cautel signifies only Cat'stick, n. Sp. Cauterizar. Plias. Which notwithstanding doth not take off the miracle; for that may be miraculously effected in one, which is natua prudent foresight, or caution, but passing CAU'STICAL.

To sear, burn, or close rally causable in the other.

through French hands, it lost its innocence, and up with fire, or fire hot instruments, irons, ointBrown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 21. now signifies, fraud, deceit.” And Mr. Gifford, ments, medicines, &c. (Cotgrave.) And thus may it more causally be made out, what Hip- “ our older writers seem to have included in Gr. Kuvotikos, from Kaielv, to burn; Lat. Cau. pocrates affirmeth of the Scythians, that using continual riding, they were generally molested with the sciatica or

this word not only the sense of wariness, but sticus ; Fr. Caustique; It. Caustico; Sp. Caustico. hip gout.--Id. Ib. b. v. c. 13.

also something artfud and insidious ingrafted That which can or may burn; that has the And therein though Socrates onely suffered, yet were

power to burn. Plato and Aristotle guilty of the same truth; who demon- Whereof a man shall iustifie

The use hereof is to be ground into powder, and with stratively understanding the simplicity of perfection, and His wordes in disputesion,

vinegre to be reduced into a liniment, for to be applied unto the indivisible condition of the first causator, it was not in And knitte vpon conclusion

those parts that are to bee cauterized or cut. the power of earth, or Areopagy of hell to work them from His argument in suche a forme,

Holland. Plinie, b. XXIV c. 7. it.-Id. Ib. b. i. c. 10.

Which maie the pleyne trouth enforme,
I sometimes use the word cause, in this enquiry, to sig-
And the subtile cautele abate

Cauteries and hot irons are to be used in the suture of the nify any antecedent, either natural or moral, positive or

Whiche euery trewe man shall debate.

crown, and the seared or ulcerated place, suffered to run a

Gower. Con. A. b. vii. good while. 'Tis not amisse to bore the skull with an negative, on which an event, either a thing, or the manner and circumstance of a thing, so depends, that it is the ground And the Frenchmen founde cautels and subtelties by instrument, to let out the fuliginious vapours.

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 884. and reason, either in whole, or in part, why it is, rather than wrongefull wayes to renewe agayne yo warre, and thereby not; or why it is as it is, rather than otherwise ; or, in other toke and usurped all the right that your predecessurs had in For each true word a blister, and each false words, any antecedent with which a consequent event is so that quarell.--Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 222. Be as a cautherizing to the root o'th' tongue, connected, that it truly belongs to the reason why the pro

Consuming it with speaking. position which affirms that event, is true; whether it has By this praty cautele and slighte imposture, was the toune

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act v. sc. 2. any positive influence, or not. Poutelarche také and surprised, which toune was the kaye

And to the torturers (her doctors) say,
Jon. Edwards. On the Freedom of the Will, pt. ii. 8. 3.

and passage ouer the riuer of Soame, frö Fraūce to Norman-
day.-Hall. Henry VI. an. 26.

Stick on your cupping-glasses, feare not, put
Similar objects are always conjoined with similar. Of this

Your hottest causticks to, burne, lance, or cut: We have experience. Suitable to this experience, therefore, In all which discourse you may note very many memorable "Tis but a body which you can torment, we may define a cause to be an object, followed by another, things; as namely, first the wise, discreet, and cautelous And I, into this world, all soule was sent. and where all the objects similar to the first, are followed by dealing of the ambassadors and commissioners of both parts,

B. Jonson. Elegie on Lady P:uld VOL. I.



upon it.”

Cald. You may
However, our doctor demeaned himself in his embassie

When I had subscrib'd (And I must suffer it) like a rough surgeon,

with such cautiousness, that he not only escaped the Duke's To mine owne fortune, and inform'd her fullz, Apply these burning caustics to my wounds

fury, but also procured many priviledges for our English I could not answer in that course of honous Already gangrened, when soti unguents would merchants, exemplified in Mr. Hackluit.

As she had made the ouerture, she ceast Better express an uncle with soine feeling

Fuller. Worthies. Kent. In heauie satisfaction, and would neuer
Of his nephew's torinents.

Receiue the ring againe.
Massinger. The Guardian, Act iil. sc. 2. In reference to sensual pleasures it forbids all irregularity Shakespeare. All's Well that Ends Well, Act v. sc. 3

and excess, and strictly enjoins purity and temperance; The ashes of any snails whatsoever, are astringent and

caulioning us to take heed least we be overcharged with sur. France. Take her, faire sonne, and from her blood hot, by reason of a certaine abstersive qualitie that they feiting and drunkenness.- Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 5.

rayse up have ; which is the reason that they enier into potential

Issue to me, that the contending kingdomes cauteries, or causlicke and corrosive medicines.

I must now close up what I have spoken upon this sub- of France and England, whose very shoares looke pale, Holland. Plinie, b. xxx. c. 4. | ject with this cautional observation. --South, vol. ix, Ser. 5. With enuy of each others happinesse, Such are these caustick plaisters preparatively to the in

May cease their hatred.-ld. Henry. V. Act v. sc. 2.

I was now, methought, passing to the other side of the carnative, the knife and the launce that Hippoc. reckons

grove, when I met the ghost of Bickerstaff my predecessor, Which persecution was both longer and also crueller than among the manuquatur Aevea, the mollifying preparations

who, (in the manner that is reported of Musæus of old,) that the physician must always carry about with him.

all the other: for whole tenne yeeres together it continued Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 484, dictated to me many cautionary piecepts for my future con

in burning the churches, in banishing the innocent, in duct, and with a siniling gravity, rallied me upon my too murthering the martyrs and neuer ceased. As Nesh that is cauterized, as the word signifies, or eager forwardness in advancing into his province.

Stow. The Romanes. seared wilh an hol iron, at first feels great pain, but after

Tatler, No. 273. wards grows hard and senseless, feeling nothing that is put

Suppose there was defect And yet these same cautious and quick-sighted gentlemen upon it; so the conscience, although at first it be very sen

(Beyond all question) in onr king, to wrong acides, ca), wink and swallow down this sottish opinion about persible of the evil and mischief of sin, yet being often enflamed cipient atoms, which exceeds in credibility all the fictions

And he, for his particular wreake from all assistance cease.

We must not cease t' assist ourselves. and torinented with it, it afterwards grows dead and stupid,

of Æsop's fables.---- Bentley. Ser. 2. past all feeling, so that nothing will make any impression

Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. xlii. upon it.-Bp. Beveridye, Ser. 18. I have myself with pleasure, frequently seen some of this

About her middle round I remember, that the limbs of soldiers, wounded with gun- species of insects to carry ample provisions into their dry A cry of hell hounds never ceasing bark'd shot, to have been cut off by the advice of our European and barten cells, where they have sealed them carefully and

With wide Cerberian mouths full loud, and rung surgeons, both Dutch and Portuguese, those barbarous peo- cautiousiy up with 'heir eggs, partly, it is like, for incuba- A hideous peal.-Millon. Paradise Lost, b. ii. ple (the Indians) by recent juices, gums, and balsams to bare tion-sake, and partly as an easy bed to lodge their young;

But much more freed them from knife and cauteries, and happily cured but chiefy, for future provision for their young in their

That spirit, vpon whose spirit depends and rests them.--Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 117.

nymplia-state, when they stand in need of food.
Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 15.

The lives of many: the cease of maiestie
This whole method, is like to applying of corrosives, and

Dies not alone; but like a gufe doth draw causticks, and the most tormenting remedies, to remove the CAW, v. Vox a sono ficta. Also written What's neere it, with it. Shakes. Hamlet, Act iii. sc. 3, pain of a cut finger, or like the listing of armies to chase

Caw, n. | Kaw, (qv.)

Love, justice, honour, innocence renew, away fies.-South, vol. x. Ser. 9.

The cry of the different species of crow.

Men's sprights with white simplicity indue;
As some bold surgeon with inserted steel,

Make all to leave in plenty's ceaselesse store
Probes deep the putrid sore, intent to heal;
As wild geese that the creeping fowler eye,

With equal shares, none wishing to haue more.
So the rank ulcers that our patriot load,
Or russet-pated choughes, many in sort,

Drummond. The Speeches, Saturth Shall she with causticks healing fires corrode.

(Rising and cawing at the gun's report,) Falconer. The Demagogue. Seuer themselues, and madly sweepe the sky,

Aire, and ye elements, the eldest birth

Of nature's womb, that in quaternion run CAUTION, v. Lat. Caveo, cautum; It. and

Shakespeare. Midsummer Night's Dream, Act iii. sc. 2.

Perpetual circle, multiform; and mix CA'UTION, n. Sp. Cauto. Varro says, a cavo, Nor (thou) with an inward murmuring

And nourish all things, let your ceasless change

Varie to our great Maker still new praise.
CAUTIONAL and the reason seems to be, Hoarsly crow-like caw'st out some idle thing,
I know not what.

Milton. Paradise Lost, 6. v. CA'UTIONARY. that men, in early ages, were

Holiday. Perseus, Sat. 5.

Rose-cheeked youth, who garlanded with flow'rs CA'UTious. said, cavere (to be cautious He sees, that this great round-about,

Still blooming ceaselessly, unto thee pours CAUTIOUSLY, against) evils and dangers, The world, with all it's motley rout,

Immortal nectar in a cup of gold, CA'UTIOUSNESS. heat and cold, &c. when they

Church, army, physic, law,

That by no darts of ages thou grow old.
Its customs, and its business,
CA'uty, adj. betook themselves in cavos

Drummond. Hymn on the fairest Fair. Is no concern at all of his, suos recessus et iis sese tuerentur: into their And says-what says he caw.-Cowper. The Jackdaw. What mean despicable creatures do we make ourselves, hollow retreats, and secured or protected them

when we forsake the paths of virtue and the commandments

CEASE, v. Fr. Cesser ; It. Cessare; Sp. of our God ! Alas, we cease to be men, and put ourselves selves there.

CEASE, n. Cessar ; Lat. Cessare, from upon the same level with the brutes.-Sharp, vol. vi. Ser. 2 To caution another is.-to tell him to be cau

Ceaseless. cedere, or rather the supine, Smit with the glorious avarice of fame, rious, provident, circumspect, wary; to tell him

CE'ASELESSLY. cessum. Cessare is, cedere a He claims no less than an immortal name; to secure himself, or to take measures for his


to go away from Hence on his fancy just conception shines, security or safety. To apprise or warn him of his labour.

True judgment guides his hand, true taste refines;

Hence ceaseless toil, devotion to his art, danger; and—simply—to give notice or warning ; though with a subaudition of danger. See forbear to do or from doing any thing; to leave To leave, to quit, to discontinue, to desist or A docile temper, and a generous heart.

Mason. Fresnoy. Art of Painting. CAUTEL.

or depart from; to end or put an end to, to stay, Wiclif renders (tuum scriptum) thy caution ;

Spencer, (says he,) is much misrepresented; he did not

mean by abrogation a ceasing, but an alteration and abatei. e. thy written account, thy voucher in writing, to stop or put a stop to.

ment.-Warburton. Remarks on Occas. Reflect. pt. ii. as the Fr. Caution, thy surety or warrant.

Thei seide to hym softeliche. cesse shulle we nevē

Til mede be thy wedded wyf.Piers Plouhman, p. 32. CEASURE. See CÆSURE,
The king suor vpe the boc and caucion vond god,
That he al clanliche to the pope's loking stod.
Therfore I heerynge ghoure feith that is in Crist Jesus and

CE'CITY Fr. Cécité; Lat. Cæcitas, blind-
R. Gloucester, p. 506. the loue into alle seyntis, ceesse not to do thankyngis for


CECUTIENCY. S ness; Cæcus, blind. Of uncer. And he seide an hundrid barels of oyle, and he seide to ghou, makynge mynde of ghou in my him take thi caucioun (tuuin scriptum) and sitte doone

Wiclif. Efesies, c. l. tain etymology. Martinius observes, cæca sane and wryte fifty.--Wiclif. Luke, c. 16.

Wherfore euen I (after that I heard of the fayth whiche ye

est ejus etymologia. haue in the Lorde Jesu & loue ynto al ye sainctes,) cease not Altho there be no express worde for euery thing in to geue thankes for you makynge mencyon of you in my

In him (the Babylonian) unreasonable cecity and blindspecialtie, yet there are general commandments of all things,

nesse trampled all lawes both of God and nature vnder feet: to the end that euen such cases, as are not in Scripture parprayers.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

wilfulnesse tyrannized ouer reason, and brutish sensualitie ticularly mentioned, might not be left to any to order at their

Sothly, a man may change his purpos and his conseil, if

ouer will.-Hooker. Ser. On Pride. pleasure, osely with caution that nothing be done against the cause ceseth, or whan a new cas betideth. the Word of God.Hooker. Eccl. Politie, b. iii. $ 6.

So that they (moles) are not blind, nor yet distinctly see; Chaucer. Tale of Melibeus.

there is in them no cecity, yet more then a cecutiency; they if peace be made, the Queen must forsake the estates of And thus was seased the debate

have sight enough to discern the light, though not perhaps Holland and Zeeland, and withall lose her money expended Or Loue.

Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

to distinguish of objects or colours; so are they not exactly upon the war, or else deliver up the cautionary towns into

blind, for light is one object of vision. the enemy's nands.--Camden, Q. Eliz. an. 1398. What stirre and rule (quod order then) do these rude

Brown. Vulgar Errours, 5. iii. c. 18. people make? I fox-like lurking lay about the king, We hold her best that shall deserue a praise for vertue's


Fr. Cédre; It. and Sp. Cedro; Into the actions of the peeres I prie,


With cautie observation of each thing.

Dut. Ceder-boom; A. S. Ceder-
This sentance was no sooner said, but beauty therwith
Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 754.


beam; Lat. Cedrus ; G1. Kedpos. By night he fled, and at midnight return'd

The noise did cease, the hal was still and eury thing was Perhaps from Ke-ew, urere, to burn, (Vossius and Froni compassing the earth cautious of day.

husht.-Vncertaine Auctors. Praise of Mistres R. Martinius.)
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ix.
Their eternall death shall also be with corporal payne and

Evelyn uses cedry, as the adjective, but Milton,
Yet reinember

tormente of the bodye, euen with the whole felowship of the cedarn. See the quotation from Pliny. What I foretell thee, soon thou shalt have cause

deuyll, and that without any ende or ceaseynge. To wish thou never haust rejected thus

Udal. Reuelacions, c. 20.

Chastitie, humilitie, and charatye or perfeicte loue towards Nicely or cautiously my offer'd aid,

all men, ben ornamentes a great dele more precious in the Which would have set thee in short time with ease

Wid, I am her mother, sir, whose age and honour

syght of God, then that other marble pillours, the garnishing On David's throne.--Id. Par. Regained, b. iv.

Both suffer under this complaint we bring,

of yuerye, the tymbre woorke of cedre tre, the golde, the

And both shall cease without your remedie. For a candiousness in any one, not to sin scandalously, or

siluer, and the precious stones whereof the priestes and

Shakespeare. All's Well that Ends Well, Act v. sc. 3. on the house top, take this by itself, abstracted from the sin

Phariseis made so muche great pryde and shewe. it belongs to, and I cannot see why that should be either a Sen. Get on your cloake, and hast you to Lord Timon,

Udal. Luke, c. 21. Diell, or aggravation of a sin.

Importune him for my moneyes, be not ceast

And they of Tyrus broght much cedre-wood to David. Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 6o9. With slight deniall.— Id. Timon of Athens, Act ii. sc. 1.

Genera Bible, 1561. I Chronicles, xxii. 4. 282

labore ;


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