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As for cedars, the best simply be those that grow in the text, Cieling ;) in Barker, 1583, Siel. Min.

CELEBRATE, v. Fr. Célebrer ; It. Cela Candie, Africke, and Syria: this vertue hath, the ole of shew says, “ to siele, (v.) to wainscot.” Somner,

CE'LEBRATING, R. brare; Sp. Celebrar ; Lat. celar. that if any wood or timber be thoroughly anointed therewiti, it is subject neither to worme nor moth, ne yet

that the A.S. Sul is basis, limen, the ground- CELEBRATION, Celebrare, celebratum; Gr. to rottenness. Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 39.

post, a sill, sell or ground-sill. Also, Columna, Celebra'TER. KAEL-ELv, dicere, prædi. The same and smoke of the cedar and the citron trees

a pillar. Hercoles syla, Hercules' pillars.” In CELEBRIOUS. only. the old Trojans were acquainted with when they Sw. Syll, according to Ihre, is the foundation of CELE'brity.

To call, to declare, to offered sacritice.-10. Ib. b. xiii. c. I.

any thing; whence he adds, in Ulphilas, Sulan, CELEBRE, adj. proclaim, to make known By his prescript a sanctuary is fram'd

yasulan, fundare, to found, or lay the foundation. Celebrable or renowned; to spread Of cedar, overlaid with gold, therin

Junius, in his Gloss. Goth. suggests that Syl may the praise, fame, or reputation. Alsom An ark, and in the ark his testimony,

be from the Gr. Evdov, liguum, or from van, any To treat as worthy of honour, with public cereThe records of his cov'nant.--Milton. Par. Lost, b. xii.

wooden material fit for building. In 2 Chron. mony, with solemn rites. It is not for his tall

iii. 5. quoted below," he syled with fyre tree," is Hercules is celebrable for his hard trauaile, he daunted And growing gravity, so cedar-like, To be the second to an host in cuerpo,

in the Septuagint, etiawoe tl'Aous Kedpivuis. In the proud Centaurus, balf horse, halfe man, & beraft the That knows his own elegancies.

Jer. xxii. 14.“ the sylynges maketh he of cedere," dispoiling fro ye cruell lion, that is to saie, he slough the
B. Jonson. New Inn, Act iii. sc. 1. is, etuiwueva ev Kepw. Dr. Jamieson suggests lion & beraft him his skin. Chaucer. Boecius, b. v.
There eternal summer dwells,
the Dut. Siele, indusium subuculum. The old

As for those barking preachers so slaunderously defaming And west-winds, with musky wing,

us in so celebre a place they) ought rather to be called false English, (see the quotation from Leland,) he says prophets and sheep-cloathed wolves. About the ceiarn alleys fling Nard and Cassia's balmy smells.

King Hen. VIII. to Wyatt, an. 30. Milton. Comus.

is a canopy. Though Cotgrave explains the Fr.

Ciel, to signify heaven, and also a canopy, and the Wherby they have particularly acquired for thēselle Pindus again shall hear, again rejoice,

inner roof of a room of state, &c. he discounte- eternal glory, and also right honorable buryall, not onely to And Hemus too, as when th' enchanting voice Of tuneful Orpheus charm'd the grove, nances the supposition that they are the same

be therein ingraued: but that theire vertue and their glory,

be in the same celebrated and magnefyed for euermore, Taught oaks to dance, and made the cedars move.

word, by observing that they have different plu- whan tyme shal require to speake of their feates, or for to Lansdowne. In praise of Myra. rals; the first having cieux, and the second ciels. ymitate and followe them.-Nicolls. Thucydides, fol. 56. CEDE, v. Fr. Céder ; It. Cedere ; Sp. North writes Seeling. (See in v. Fret.)

And tho many, both bishops and kings, ignorant of true CE'ssion. Ceder ; Lat. Ced-ere, to go,

Ceiling seems to have been applied, generally, religion, judge otherwise of these deeds; yet godly men CESSIBLE. to go away.


to any work in wood or timber, whether roof, know they have more of true praise, than the most ceieCESSIBILITY.

brated triumphs.--Strype. Records. The D. of Saxony to Cede appears to be of very sides, or floor: it is still applied to the planking of

Hen. VIII. an. 1539. modern introduction,

a ship. More commonly, toTo go away from, to quit or forsake, to yield or The cover of the top of a room or apartment ; brating the mass : not of the tradition of Jeames, for y! was

Before this tyme, of whom tooke you the manner of celegive up, to resign. Cessionbeneath an upper flooring or outer roof.

as yet vnknowen to the world, & now first of all was it by A going away from, quitting, or forsaking,

y! Synode opened to the world.-Barnes. Workes, p. 356.

And the greater house he syled with fyre tree and oueryielding, giving up, resigning. Yielding or giving layde it we good golde, and graued thereto paulmetrees and And yet find we that feast (the Feast of the Dedicatio) way, (sc.) to pressure, to any external force. cheines.- Bible, 1551. 2 Chron. c. 3.

euer after continued and had in honour vntyll Christes oune

dayes, and our Sauiour hymself went to the celebration of That it is the equal pressure of the air on all sides upon

And the greater house he ceiled with fir tree, which he

that same feast, as appeareth in the Ghospell of Saynt John. the bodies that are in it , which causeth the casy cession of overlayd with tine gold, and set thereupon palm trees and

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 318. its parts, may be argued froin hence. chains.--Bible. Modern Version. Ib.

I have sinned against the earth, which so long hath mise-
Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 15.
Then spake the lorde by the prophete Aggeus, and sayde: rably wanted this sacrament: against men, whom I have

called from this supersubstantial morsel; the slayer of so But lastly, if the parts of the strucken body he so easily be youre selves can finde tyme to dwel in syled houses, and cessible, as without difficulty the stroke can divide them,

shall thys house lye waste.-Bible, 1551. Agyeus, c. 1. many mien as have perished for want of food. I have dethen it enters into such a body till it has spent its force.

frauded the souls of the dead of this daily and most cele Then came the word of the Lord by Haggai the prophet, brious sacrifice. Digby. On Bodies, c. 9. saying,

Strype. Memoirs. Cranmer's Confession, an. 1555 There is to be further noted that, if the subject strucken Is it time for you, () ye that dwell in your ceiled houses,

With what eyes could we de of a proportionate cessibility, it seems to dull and deaden and this house lie waste 1-Bible. Modern Version. Ib.

Stand in his presence humble, and receive the stroke; whereas is the thing strucken be hard, the stroke seems to lose no force, but to work a greater effect.

The chammer was haunged of red and of blew, and in it Strict laws impos'd to celebrate his throne

was a cyll of cloth of gold; bot the king was not under for With warbl'd hymns, and to his Godhead sing Id. Ib.

that sam day.--Leland, vol. iv. p. 295. Fyancells of Marg. Forc't Halleluiah's.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. II. Your Lordship will find in Mr. Hyde's letter two points, eldest Daughter of K. Hen. VII. to K.Jas. of Scotland.

The citizens upon which the Prince desired us to write this ordinary ; one about the satisfaction of his debts from Spain by the He causeth windowes to be heven therein, and the xy

I am sure haue shewne at full their royall minds,

As let'en haue their rights, they are euer forward--cession of Maestricht: the other about the Princess's portion. lynges and geastes maketh he of cedere, and paynteth theym

In celebration of this day with she wes,
Sir W. Temple. To the Lord Treasurer, Sept. 1678.
with zenober.- Bible, 1551. Jeremy, c. 22

Pageants, and sights of honor.
My gallant fellow-citizens, you come
And cutteth him out windows, and it is ceiled with cedar,

Shakespeare. Hen. VIII. Act iv. sc. I. To learn the issue of this day's debate and painted with vermillion.- Bible. Modern Version. Ib.

In that sacred and celebrious assembly of all the states, In gen'ral council. Wisely did we cede

addressing for the royal inauguration, he [Abp. Hubert) To Spartan Eurybiades command ; Mean while the south wind rose, and with black wings

added to those lay peeres conditionals, his clergy-sophismes, The diff'rent squadrons to their native ports

Wide hovering, all the clouds together drove

and second seede plot of treasons. Had else deserted.

Prom under heav'n; the hills to thir supply
Glover. Athenaid, b. iii.

Speed. Hist. of G. Britaine, an. 1199.
Vapor, and exhalation dusk and moist,
After the treaty of Ryswick, indeed, some few of those
Sent up amain; and now the thick’ned sky

Though you tell me not who objected against your writing among them, who had not obtained settlements in Marti

Like a dark ceeling stood.--Millon. Paradise Lost, b. xi. Occasional Meditations, because you have named me, who nico and Hispaniola, returned to St. Christopher : but the

encourage you to write more of them, I dare venture to lay war of the partition soon after breaking out, they were finally

I myself have, not without some wonder, observed how

my credit with you, that you yourself do think your celebrater expelled, and the whole island was ceded in sovereignty to very long a plant of aloes torn from the ground, and hung

as competent a judge, in such cases, as your exceptionsthe crown of Great Britain, by the treaty of Utrecht. in the air near the cieling of my chainber, would continue

maker.- Boyle. Works, vol. vi. Letter from Lady Ranelagh. succulent.--Boyle. Workes, vol. iii. p. 124. Grainger. Sugar Cane, b. i. Note.

I am really more a well wisher to your felicity, than a CEDULE. Schedule, (qv.)

In this convent there is also a singular curiosity of another celebrater of your beauty.
Fr. Cédule ; kind, a small chapel, the whole lining of which, both sides

Pope to Mrs. A. Fermor. On her Marriage. It. Cedola ; Sp. Cedula. and cieling, is composed of human sculls and thigh bones;

The drowsy elements, arous'd by thee, A scrowl, handwriting, or private instrument in placed in each of the four angles. the thigh bones are laid across each other, and a scull is

Roll to harmonious measures, active all ! writing, (Cotgrave.)

Cook. Voyages, vol. i. b. i. c. 1.

Earth, water, air, and fire, with feeling glee,

Exult to celebrate thy festival.-- Thompson. Ilymn to May. Then llay deliuered to the Earle (of Surrey) a little

But me perhaps cedule, wryten with the kynges secretaries nand unsigned.

It may happen in the various combinations of life, that a The glowing hearth may satisfy awhile

good man may receive favours from one, who, notwithHall. Hen. VIII. an. 5. With faint illumination, that uplifts

standing his accidental beneficence, cannot be justly proI have procured a royal cedule which I caus'd to be

The shadows to the cieling, there by fits

posed to the imitation of others, and whom therefore he printed, and whereof I send you here inclos'd a copy, by

Dancing uncouthly to the quivering flame.

inust find some other way of rewarding than by publick which cedule I have power to arrest his very person (the

Couper. Task, b. iv.

celebrations.-Rambler, No. 136. Conde del Real): and my lawyer tells me there was never such a cedule granted before. Howell, b. i. s. 3. Let. 14.

CELATURE. Calare, calatum, insculpere, Doctor Warburton had a name sufficient to confer celeCEDUOUS. Lat. Cæduus, from cæd-ere, to to cut, to carve, to grave, to engrave.

brity on those who could exalt themselves into antagoniste,

and his notes have raised a clamour too loud to be distinct. cut, to cut down. With crafty archys raysyd wonder clene,

Johnson. Preface to Shakespeare. Embowed over all the work to cure,

CELERITY. Fr. Célérité; Lat. Celer, from And first by Trees here, I consider principally for the

So marveylous was the celature. genus generalissimum. These we shall divide into the

Lydgate. Troye Boke, in Warlon, vol. ii. p. 99. Kell-elv, impellere, to drive on, urge on, impel. greater and more ceduous, fructicant and shrubhy. Evelyn. Sylva, 8. 3. Introd. ed. 1679.

These celatures in the drinking cups were so fram'd that Applied to the motion of any thing driven on,

they might put them on or take thein off at pleasure, and forced or struck on. CEIL, v. ? In neither Skinner nor Junius. were therefore called emblemata : such was that whereof

Speed, swiftness, velocity. Ceiling. Barrett has “

the satyrist speaks.-Hakewill. Apologie, p. 372. Sieling, planking or

From this question his ho. descended to the maner of pro. Doarding -- also materiaria crustatio." In the They admitted in the utensils of the church some cala- ceding of this mater, and how the same requyred celerite . Bible, 155), it is written Syl; in the Geneva,

tures and engravings. Such was that Tertullian speaks of, and therupon called in doubt, whether your gr. shold be the Good Shepherd in the Chalice.

refused as suspecte. 156), Sile ; (once in the margin Cieled, and in

Bp. Taylor. Greal Excmplar, pt. ii. s. 10. Strype. No.23. Records. The King's Ambassadors to Wolsey.

The inseraen made suchdiligence, and wöhsuch celeritie pay, jest their domestick interests should abate their cou- On a bulk in a cellar, or in a glass-house among thjeveg Het forwards their journey, that nothyng was more likely rage; so the colibate of the clergy was strictly enjoyned, to and beggars, was to be found the author of the Wanderer, then they lo haue obtayned, ye and sensed their praye. make them more usefuli and hearty for this design.

the nan of exalted sentiments, extensive views, and cu. Grafton, Rich. III. an. 3.

Stillingfleet, vol. ii. Ser. 2. rious observations.-- Johnson. The Life of Sarage. Even a small parcel of air, if put into a sufficiently brisk He, that said it was not good for man to be alone, placed

CE'LSITUDE. Fr. Celsitude, highness, exmotion, may communicate a considerable motion to a solid the celibate amongst the inferior states of perfection. cellency, (terms conferred on Princes,) Cotgrave. body: whereof a notable instance (which depends chiefly Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 292. Letter from Mr. Evelyn. From the Lat. Celsus, high, lofty. tipon the celerity of the springy corpuscles of the air) is afforded by the violent motion communicated to a bullet shot This (the poverty of some of the clergy) is the only specious Honour to the celestiall and cleare, out of a good wind-gun.--Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 5. objection, which our Romish adversaries urge against the Goddes of Love, and to thy celsitude

doctrine and practice of this church, in the point of celibacy, Time, with all its celerity, moves slowly to him, whose the only matter of just reproach, wherein they visibly

That yeuest vs light, so fer downe fro thy spere

Persing our harts with thy pulcritude. whole employment is to watch its flight.-idler, No. 21. triumph.--Alter bury, vol. ii. Ser. 8.

Chaucer. The Court of Loue. CELESTIFY, v. Fr. Céleste, célestial ; It. He (the Pope) wits sensible, that so long as the monks

To the most excellent prince in Christ, &c William, &c. CELESTIAL, adj. and Sp. Celeste, celestiale; were indulged in marriage, and were permitted to rear sa

greeting in him by whom kings doe reigne and princes beare

rule. Vnto your kingly celsitude (Ric. 2.) by the tenour of C'Ele'sTIAL, n. Lat. Colum; Gr. Kordov, milies, they never could be subjected to strict discipline, or

those presents we intimate that, &c. Celestious. i. e. cavum, hollow, (Vos- reduced to that slavery under their superiors, which was requisite to procure to the mandates, issued from Rome, a

Fo.. Martyrs. Rich. II. an. 7. mius.)

ready and zealous obedience. Celibacy, therefore, began to CEME'NT, v. ? Fr. Cément or Ciment, cimenIn application, equivalent to the English- be extolled, as the indispensable duty of priests.

CEME'NT, n. ter; It. Cemento; Lat.

Hume. Hist. of England, vol. i. c. 2. Heavenly; having the qualities of the heavens;

mentum, so called because cæsum, i. e. cul, (sc.) cf the inhabitants of heaven.

CELL, v. Fr. Cellule ; it. Cella ; Sp. from larger stones; and applied (see Vossius) to And yff we hme nede of prayers lyvyng in thys worlde,

Cell, n.

Celela ; Lat. Cella, a celendo. those small stones or pieces or fragments of stones,

; moche more rede shall we have in the other worlde, where CE'LLAR, n. Festus,– Calla, quod ea cæ- which were used for filling up, stowing, cramming We shall be lett frota that celestyal syght.

CE'LLERAGE, n. lentur, quæ velimus esse oc- together with other materials. See the quotation Strype. Records. Dr. Crome's Deciaration, &c. No. 10.

CE'LLARER, or culta; because in it those from Holland's Livy, where the word 'morter is Tt remaineth therefore, that as your lordship from time to

Ce'LLERER, n things may be concealed, improperly introduced. time ynder her most gractors and excellent Maiestie, haue

Ce'llular, adj. ) which we wish to be hidden; An adhesive, sticking, fastening, binding comshewed your selle a valient protectour, a carefull conseruer, and an happy enlarger of the honour and reputation of your to be out of sight. And cellar is now particularly post, of sand, lime, or other materials. country: so at length you may enjoy those celestial bless; applied to places appropriated to things of this Slyme was their morter, ch. ii. and slyme pittes, ch, iv tngs, which are prepared to suche as tread your steps, and description.

that slyine was a fatnesse that issued out of the earth, lika seeke to aspire to such diuine and heroical vertues. Hackluyt. Voyages. Epistle Dedicatoree, vol. i. A place of concealment, of secrecy, of retire

vnto tarre : and thou mayest call it cement, if thou wilt.

Tyndal. Workes, p. 6. This end the talking had, King loue from golden throne ment, of seclusion, of store ; a secret or retired apartment, or habitation or dwelling: a deposi

Seperate the stoanes, and the wall openeth, and leat the prose.

ciment faile, and the edifice falleth - The Golden Boke, c. 17. Whom home to heauenly court celestials garding al did tory; a retreat. close.---Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. 10.

As flowers dead, lie wither'd on the ground,
And for chef charyte, we chargeden vs seluen

As broken glass no cement can redress,
For thoagh we should affirm that all things were in all In amendyng of this men, we maden oure celles

So beauty blemish'd once for ever's lost, things; that heaven were but earth celestified, and earth To ben in cytes yset.

Piers Plouhman. Crede. In spite of physic, painting, pain, and cost. but heaven terrestrified, or that each part above had influ

Shakespeare. The Passionate Pilgrim, s. 11. ence upon its divided afli nity below: yet how to single out which is no celer ne berne, and God fedith them, how mych Biholde the crowis : for thei sowen not neither repen, to

And that was no hard matter to do, for that the cement of these relations, &c.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 13. more ye ben of more prys than thei?-Wiclis. Luke, e. 12.

morter was not hardened and bound with lime, but tempered In the mean time your selves, Illustrious and most Excel.

with earth and clay, after the old manner of building. rent Lords, in whom this pious and noble sedulity, opt of And if you list to herken hinderward,

Holland. Livios, p. 400. meer Evangelical affection, exerts itself to reconcile and I wol you sayn the lif of Seint Edward:

What strength have we now to oppose to these most perpacify contending bretheren, as ye are worthy of all applause

Or elles tragedies first I wol telle

nicious enemies, (the lusts of the flesh) which are so closely among men, so doubtless will ye obtain the celestial reward Of which I have an hundred in my cell.

Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 13,978.

cemented, and even incorporated within us, that they are le of peace makers with God; to whose supreme benignity and

come as it were flesh of our flesh, and bones of our bones? favour, we heartily recommend in our prayers both you and Ther be other spices of pride that ben withouten : but

Chillingworth, Ser. 9. yours.--Milton, vol. ii. Letter of State, Oct. 1653. natheles, that on of thise spices of pride is signe of that

Indeed, they may But as poets and astronomers have fancied, among the other, right as the gay levesell at the taverne is sign of the

Appear too dearly bought, my falling glories celestial lights that adorn the firmament, bears, balls, goats, win that is in the cellar.-Id. The Persones Tale.

Being made up again, and cemented dogs, scorpions, and other beasts; so our adversaries impute

With a son's blood.
Upon my faith thou art some officer,
I know not what imaginary deformities to a book, ennobled

Massinger. The Unnatural Combat, Act ii. sc. I. Some worthy sextein, or some celerer. by its author with many celestinus lights fit to instruct the

Id. The Monkes Tale, v. 13,942.

God indeed can cement the ruins, and heal the breaches world, and discover to them the ways of truth and blessed

of an apostate soul, but usually a shipwreck'd faith and a ness.---Boyle. Works, vol. fi. p. 257.

Minerue for the head thei soughten,

deflowr'd conscience admit of no repais.

For she was wise, and of a man That mind will never be vacant, which is frequently re

South, vol. iii. Ser. 4. The witte and reason which he can, called by stated duties to meditations on eternal interests ; Is in the celles of the brayne,

And indeed by variety of cements we may be assisted to por can any hour be long, which is spent in obtaining some

Whereof thei made hir souetayn.-Gower. Con. A. b.v.

make divers experiments that we could not otherwise make new qualification for celestial happiness.--Rambler, No. 124.

80 well, if at all; for which reason I have been somewhat Myself a recluse from the world,

curious about making a pretty number of such mixtures. No sooner were they of age to be received into the apartAnd celled under ground,

Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 463. ments of the other celestials, than Wit began to entertain

Lest that the gould, the precious stones, Venus at her toilet by aping the solennity of Learning, and

An harmony of mould, by nature mixt! Learning to divert Minerva at her loom, by exposing the

And pleasures, here be found,

Not light as air, nor as a cement fin'd:
blunders and ignorance of Wit.-Id. No. 22.
Might happen to corrupt my nrinde,

Just firm enough t' embrace the thriving root,
For blindness did I pray,

Yet give free expanse to the fibrous shoot.
CELIBATE, n. Fr. Célibe, célibate; It. and
And so contemplatiuely heere,

Hart. Christ's Parable of the Sower.
I with contentment stay.
CELIBACY, n. Sp. Celibe, celibato ; from the

Warner. Albion's Englond, b. vii. CEMETERY, n.) Fr. Cimitière; It. CimiLat. Cælebs.

κοίτη, et AEITTC, est

Sec. Br. "Tis most true,

stero; Sp. Cementario ; Lat. κοιλιψ, quia ei λειπει κοιτη γαμικη, deest lectus

That musing meditation most affects

Camenterium. Koiurinplov, (q. d.) dormitorium, nuptialis, because the nuptial bed is wanting to The pensive secrecy of the desert cell,

a place to sleep in, from Kosuav, to sleep. Aphim, (Vossius.) And to the same purport is

Par from the chearful haunt of men and herds,

plied by Christians, to whom death itself is but a Scaliger (ad Festum.) See Martinius. Celibate

And sits as safe as in a senate house. -Milton. Comus.

sleep, dormitio, (Vossius,) tom was applied as Celibacy now is, to

Which fume mounting into the head makes the enthu- The place of burial. The state of being unmarried; or of siast to admiration fluent and eloquens, he being as it were

Among Christians the honour, which is valued in the One who has not-one who is without the drunk with new wine drawn from that cellar of his own that lies in the lowest region of his body, though he be not aware

behalf of the dead, is, that they be buried in holy ground; nuptial bed; who is single, solitary, without a of it, but takes it to be pure nectar, and those waters of life that is, in appointed cemeteries, in places of religion, there wife, unmarried. in English Law, the male is that spring from above.-H. More. On Enthusiasm, s. 18.

where the field of God is sown with the seeds of the resurcalled, a bachelor; the female, a spinster.

riction, that their bodies also may be among the Christians,

Ham. Ahah boy, sayest thou so. Art thou there, true- with whom their hope and their portion is, and shall be for Not discerning in the mean time that amongst those who penny ?

ever.--Bp. Taylor. Holy Dying, s. 8. pretended to the purities of cælibate, some would yet bring Come on, you here this fellow in the selleredge.

The cemiterial cels of ancient Christians and martyrs, women into their houses,

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 5.
Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 4.

were filled with draughts of Scripture stories.
The soul contending to that light to fly

Brown. Urn Burial, c. 3. At length this most holy, zealous, mortified and seraphical From her dark cell, we practice how to die :

Though we decline the religious consideration, yet in Dr. Sherlock having spent all his time in holy and chaste

Employing thus the poet's winged art Colibacw, surrendered up his most pious soul to God in six

To reach this love, and grave it in our heart.

cemiterial and narrower burying places, to avoid confusion teen hundred cighty and nine, and was buried on the 25th

Waller. Oj Divine Love, c. 6.
and cross position, a certain posture were to be admitted.

Id. 26. of June within the chancel.-- Wood. Athena Oxon.

Thus, though in summer divers cellars, that are not deep, It is for this reason (says Plato) that the souls of the dead The former could not be done, while the clergy gave hos

are perhaps no colder than the external air was (when it appear frequently in cæmilaries, and hover about the places, tages of their fidelity to the civil government by the interests

was judged but temperate) in the winter or the spring, yet where their bodies were buried, as still hankering after their of their families and children ; therefore this Pope did most it will seem very cold to us, that bring into it bodies heated old brutal pleasures, and desiring again to enter the bedy verely forbid all clergy-mens marrying that as the old by the summer sun, and accustomed to a warmer air. that gave them an opportunity of fulfilling them. Romaa soldiers were forbiddep marriage while they tec ed

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 482.

Spectator No. 30

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CENATION. Lat. Cæna, a supper; per-
Her thoughts are like the fume of frankincence

O strange alarme! what must this meeting prove
CE'NATORY, adj. I haps from Gr. Korn, com-

Which from a golden censer, forth doth rise,

Where ruine onely hath prepar'd the way!
And throwing forth sweet odours mount fro thence

All known when mustred (though not numbred) there, mon, a common meal. Canatory convention,”

In rolling globes up to the vauted skies.

A dreadfull censor no man's spot will spare.
A meeting for supping or taking supper together,

Spenser, Colin Clout come home.

Stirling. Dooms-Day. The Fourth Houre, or in common. See, father, what first fruits on earth are sprung

And as the Chancerie had the pretorian power of equitie; And concordant hereunto is the instruction of Columella,

From thy implanted grace in man, these sighs

80 the Star chamber had the censorian power for offences, De positione ville: which he contriveth into summer and

And prayers, which in this golden censer, mixt

vnder the degree of capitall.-Bacon. Henry VII. p. 64. winter habitations, the rooms of canalion in the summer,

With incence, I thy priest before thee bring. he obverts into the winter ascent, that is south-east.

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. xi. A third kind of pride is a supercilious affected hautiness Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. v. c. 7. Lives there on earth to whom I am unknown,

that men perhaps meekly enough disposed by nature, are Lastly if it be not fully conceded, that this gesture [dis

Unconquerable queen of mighty woes?

fain to take upon them for some ends, a solemn censorious

majestick garb, that may entitle them to be patriots of such or cumbency) was used at the Passover, yet that it was observed

Whom nor the fuming censer can appease,
Nor victim's blood on blazing altars pour'd.

such a faction; to gain a good opinion with some, whose good
at the last supper, seems almost incontrovertible, for at this
feast or cæwalory convention, learned men make more then

West. Triumphs of the Gout. opinion may be their gain. Ilammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 614. one supper, or at least many parts thereof.-Ib. Ib. b. vi. c. 6. CENSE.

From the Lat. Censere, of

That brings me to the next thing proposed at first, the

Pharisees censoriousness and insinuated accusations of all!
CE'NOBY, n. Gr. Κοινοβιον, from Κοινος,

CE'NSION. unknown etymology. Festus, others. - Id. 16.
CE'NOBITES. common, and Blos, life.

censere, nunc significat putare,

But, when there was an assembly summoned for the CENOBI'Tic. See the example from Gib- nunc suadere, nunc decernere. And then, censio, choosing of censors, C. Martius Rutilius professing himselfe CENOBI'TICAL. bon.

estimatio. And Varro, censor ad cujus censionem, to stand for a censorship, even he that had been the first id est, arbitrium, censeretur populus. It is used as

dictatour of the commons, troubled the peace and unity of His (John Bucke) armes are yet to be seene in the ruines

the states of the citie.--Holland. Livivs, p. 264.
of the hospitall of St. John's near Smithfielde, and in the equivalent to-

Lidia, appear,
church of Alhallows at the upper end of Lumbard Streit, Rate, tax, assessment. See quotation from Livy.
which was repaired and enlarged with the stones brought

And feast an appetite almost pined to death
from that demolished cenoby.

For he divised and ordained the cense, to wit, the assessing, With longing expectation to behold
Sir G. Buck. History of Rich. III.

Thy excellencies: thou, as beauty's queen,
and taxation of the citizens; a thing most profitable to that

state and government, which was like in time to come, to Shalt censure the detractors.
Yet it is hard that any church should be charged with grow so mightie. By which cense, the charges and contri-

Massinger. Great Duke of Florence, Açt v. sc. 2. crime for not observing such rituals, because we see some butions, either in war or peace, was not levied by the poll

I know in this oi thern which certainly did derive from the Apostles, are upon the citizens, as aforetime, but according to the valua

That I am censured rugged and austere,
expired and gone out in a desuetude; such as are abstinence tion of their wealth and abilitie.-Holland. Livivs, p. 30.

That will youchsafe not one sad sigh or tear
from bloud, and from things strangled, the cænobilick life of
secular persons, &c.--Bp. Taylor. Lib. of Prophesying, s. 5. And though respect bee a part following this; yet now

Upon his slaughter'd body.-12. The Unnatural Combat.
here, and still I must remember it, if you write to a man,
They have multitudes of religious orders black and gray,

Upon this insolent answer, every one looked the king whose estate and cense and senses, you are familiar with, eremitical and cenobilical, and nups.-Stillingfieet.

should have censured him to some terrible punishment; you may the bolder, (to set a taske to his braine,) venter on a knot.-B. Jonson. Discoveries, p. 123.

when contrary to all their expectations, in a high degree of The monks were divided into two classes: the cænobites,

charity, he not only freely forgave him but gave a special who lived under a coinmon, and regular, discipline; and the

God intended this cension onely for the blessed Virgin and charge he should be set at liberty, and that no man should anachorets, who induiged their unsocial, independent fana

her sonne, that Christ might be borne, where he should. dare to do him the least hurt.- Baker. Rich. I. an. 1199, ticism.-Gibbon. History, c. 37.

Bp. Hall. Cont. The Birth of Christ.

Humf. Madam, the king is old enough himselfe

He (William the Conqueror) caused the whole realm to be
Fr. Cénotaphe; Gr. Kevo-

To giue his censure : these are no women's matters. described in a censual roll, (whereof he took a precedent

Shakespeare. 2 Part Hen. VI. Act i. sc. 3
Tapiov, from Kevos, empty, and tapos, a tomb. from King Alfred,) so there was not one hyde of land, but
An empty tomb;-erected in honour of one to both the yearly rent and the owner thereof was therein set

Giue every man thine eare; but few thy voyce, down.- Baker. William I. an. 1079.

Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment. whom the rites of burial had been performed else

Id. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 3. where; or of one, to whom no rites of burial had CENSOR.

Fr. Censeur; It. Censore;

But where the sun's bright beams could not pierce into, I been performed at all.


Sp. Censor. (See the ex- have to those oscure grotte, darke caves and vaults, brought Hobeit the armie reared in honour of him an honorarie

CENSO'Rian. ample from North's Plu- candlelight, my own conceit and conjecture, which (as they tombe (or stately herse) (which the Greeks call cenotaphium,

Censo'rious. tarch.) The popular usage

are) I submit to the favourable censure of the more learned i. e. an empty tomb,) about the which every yeare afterwards CENSORIOUSLY.

and judicious.--Burton in Fuller. Worthies. Leicestershire

(of censorious) is deduced
upo a certain set day, the souldiers should runne at tilt,

We must not stint
keepe jousting and turnament.-Holland, Suetonius, p. 153.

from that part of the cen

Our necessary actions, in the feare
CE'NSORSHIP. sor's office, by which he

To cope malicious censurers, which euer,
Priam, to whom the story was unknown
As dead, deplor'd his metamorphos'd son

CE'NSURE, n. " had authority to degrade As rau'nous fishes doe a vessell follow
A cenotaph his name and title kept


any senator, who did not That is new trimm'd. --Shakes. Hen. VIII. Act i. sc. 2. And Hector round the tomb, with all his brothers wept.

CE'NSURABLE. worthily behave himself," To say true, this and divers other are alike in their con-
Dryden. Ovid. Met, b. xii.

surableness, by the unskilfull (be it divinity, physick, poetry, The cenotaph is placed immediately under that of Milton, CE'NSURER.

A censorious man is one

&c.) we may complain in a metaphor, (as painting can and represents, in alto relievo, a female figure with a lyre as

without) the blind world cannot judge of colours.
emblematical of the higher kinds of poetry, pointing with
CE'NSURING, N. disposed to detect, and ex-

Whitlock. Manners of the English, p. 493. one hand to the bust above, and supporting with the other pose faults; to pass severe judgments; to degrade.

He was not so censorious as to imagine, either that the a medalion.-Mason, On Mr. Gray, Note 2.

Censure,-censoris officium, vel etiam

authors of them do seck the praise of men more than the CENSE.

praise of God, or that they do, out of vanity, attempt to Fr. Encens, encenser; It. Incenso; animadversio, reprehensio, (Gessner.) In our old

make up the real want of good sense, by a show of good CE'NSING, n. Sp. Enscienso. Junius says, that writers, to censure is merely

words.- Nelson. Life of Bp. Bull. CE'NSER.

To think, to form an opinion, to judge, to adby the writers of the

judge. Nowmiddle age, called Incensum ; Skinner adds, quia

I have of late years met with divers such vain pretenders,

who speak arrogantly and censoriously both of God and

To judge unfavourably, to condemn, to repre- men ; whilst themselves oftentimes understand no tongue (sc.) incenditur, hoc est, adoletur; because it was burnt. See Incense. hend, to blame.

but their mother's.--Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 301. Any thing burned; any perfumed, aromatick,

Thou saiest in thy letter, that the censores are right rygor- They are both very requisite in a virtuous mind, to keep

ous in that realme; and therefore all that nacion hath yllodoriferous thing, burned, (sc.) in divine honour.

out melancholy for the many serious thoughts it is engaged wyll with the senate.-Golden Boke, Let. 11.

in, and to hinder its natural hatred of vice from sow'ring And anothere aungel cam and stood bifore the auter, and If any one intend an inquisitiue survey of my actions,

into severity and censoriousness.-Spectator, No. 243. hadde a goldun censer, and manye encensis weren gouun to I intreate him to judge favourably of mee, and not rashly to him that he schulde ghyue of the preieris of alle seintis on

When my great predecessor Cato the elder stood for the admit any censorious conceit. the goldun auter that is bifore the irone of God.

censorship of Rome. there were several other competitors State Trials. Anna Boleyn. From Harleian MS.

who offered themselves, and to get an interest among the M'iclif. Apocalipse, c. 8. Wherefore to write my censure of this booke

people, gave them great promises of the mild and gentle And another angel came & stod before ye aulter hauing a This Glasse of Steele vnpartially doth shewe

treatment, which they would use towards them in that goldē senser, & much of odoures was geuě vnto hym, yt he Abuses all to such as in it looke

office.-Tatler, No. 162.
shold offer of ye praiers of all sainctes vpõ the golde aulter, From prince to poore, from high estate to lowe,
Thich was before ye seat.- Bible, 1551. Ib.

Should I be troubled when the purblind knight,
As for the verse, who list like trade to trie,

Who squints more in his judgment than his sight
This Absolon, that joly was and gay,
I feare me much shall hardlie reach so high.

Picks silly faults, and censures what I write.
Goth with a censer on a holy day,

Gascoigne. The Steele Glas.

Rochester. An Allusion to Horace, b. i. Sat. 10.
Censing the wives of the parish faste.
These are to will and command you to convent such

I am sorry the first, and the worst of the two (trying a
Chaucer. The Miller's Tale, v. 3341. obstinate persons before you, and then to admonish and

new experiment] is fallen to my share, by which all a man command to keep the order prescribed in the same book; But with vs is the Lorde our God whome we haue not

can hope is to avoid censure, and that is much harder than and if any shall refuse so to do, to punish them by suspenforsaken, and the priestes of the sonnes of Aaron ministrynge sion, excommunication, or other censures of the church.

to gain applause, for this may be done by one greai or wise Vrto the Lorde, & the Leuites in office, burning ynto the Burnett. Records. Hen. VIII, an. 3. The Bishops. life without saying or doing one ill or foolish thing;

action in an age ; but to avoid censure, a man must pass his Lorde euerye morninge, & cuery euen burnt offerynges and swete cense.- Bible, 1551. 2 Chronicles, c. 13. For he that was censor, had authority to put any senator

Sir W. Temple. Upon the Cure of the Gout. off the council, and so degrade him, if he did not worthily And as for censing of them, and kneeling and offering unto

Nay amongst Europeans themselves, Cicero hath found behave himself according to his place and calling: and them, with other like worshippings, although the same hath

many censurers, and a book hath been published to prove, entred by devotion, and fallen to custoin; yet the people might name and declare any one of the senate, whom he

that Tully was not eloquent.--Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 299. thought to be most honest and fittest for the place again, ought to be diligently taught, that they in no ways do it.

Moreover, they might by their authority take from licentious In all the hot debates in King Charles the First's reign, Burnet. Records. Addenda. Os Images, vol. i.

young men, their horse which was kept at the charge of the in which many resolutions taken in council were justly He spake against invocation and praying to saints, and common weal. Furthermore, they be the sessors of the censurable, yet the passing any censure on them was never against censing in the church and other ceremonies. people, and the muster masters, keeping books of the num- attempted by men, who were no way partial in favour of Strype. Memoirs Hen. VIII. an 1540. ber of persons at every musiering.--North. Plutarch, p. 221. the prerogative.-Burnel. Own Time, an. 1711.

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opus; i. e.

Thus was,


Centro ;

And thon he adds, For if we should judge our selues, we Whom lest some watchful centinell should spie,

Now deem this universall round alone, should not be judged. If we would judge our selves, whe- And him into the garrison disclose,

And rayes no rayes but a first all-spread fight, ther this be meant of the publick censures of the church, or His cowle about him carefully doth tie,

And centrick all like one peilucid sun. our private censuring of our selves in order to our future Creepes to the gate and closely thereat beate,

More. On the Soul, pt. i. c. ll. 6. Id amendment and reformation, is not certain.

As one that entrance gladly would intreate,
Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 25.

Mirrour fur Magistrales, p. 543.

In every thing compost

Each part of th' essence its centreity It is impossible for human purity not to betray to an eye, Having set our centinels, I received a letter from Col. Keeps to itself, it shrinks not to a nullity. thus sharpened by malignity, some stains, which lay con- Norton, desiring me to send some horse to his assistance

Id. ib. pt. il. b. iii. c. 2. s. 20. cealed and unregarded, while none thought it their interest against some of the King's forces; which as I was reading, to discover them; nor can the most circumspect attention, one of my centinels brought me word, that the enemy ap

Our requests for future, and even our acknowledgments or steady rectitude, escape blame from censors, who have no peared at the town's end.-Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 119. of past mercies, centre purely in ourselves, our own interest inclination to approve.--Rambler, No. 172.

is the direct aim of them. But praise is a generous and At two places, the one at our first setting out on this ex- mercenary principle.- Atterbury, vol. i. Ser. I. While this censorial power (of the press) is maintained, to pedition, and the other at the end of it, we saw a horseman speak in the words of a most ingenious foreigner, both set, as we supposed, as a centinel, to watch us.

If End would cause a body to move free in the æther minister and magistrate is compelled, in almost every

Dampier. Voyages, vol. i. c. 9. round about a certain fixed centre, without any other creainstance, to choose between his duty and his reputation.

ture acting upon it; I say, it could not be done without a Junius. Preface to Letters.

Yet there is a certain race of men that either imagine it miracle, since it cannot be explained by the nature of bodies, their duty, or make it their amusement, to hinder the re

Clarke. Mr. Leibnitz's Third Paper. or temper as envenom'd as an asp, Censorious, and her ev'ry word a wasp ;

ception of every work of learning, or genius; who stand as
centinels in the avenues of fame, and value themselves upon

I pass cerulian gulphs, and now behold
In faithful mem'ry she records the crimes
giving ignorance and envy the first notice of a prey.

New solid globes their weight, self-balanc'd, bear, Or real, or fictitious, of the times. Cowper. Truth

And all, around the central sun in circling eddies roll'a. Rambler, No. 3.

Hughes, The Ecstacy. Of this delicacy Horace is the best master. He appears in At the same time four or five of the natives stepped forgood humour while he censures; and therefore his censure ward to see what we were about, and as we did not allow

First Ptolemy his scheme celestial wrought, his the more weight as supposed to proceed from judgment, them to come within certain limits, unless to pass along the

And of machines a wild provision brought.

Orbs centric and excentrick he prepares, not from passion. Young. Love of Fame, Pref. beach, the centry ordered them back, which they readily

Cycles and epicycles, solid spheres, complied with. -Cook. Voyage, vol. iv. c. 5. There is no kind of impertinence more justly censurable,

In order plac'a. Blackmore. Creation, b. it. than his who is always labouring to level his thoughts to CENTO. Gr. Kevrpwv, originally a needle, A real circular motion, for example, is always accompa intellects higher than his own; who apologizes for every and in a secondary sense a garment of patchwork, nied with a centrifugal force, arising from the tendency which word which his own narrowness of converse inclines hiin to think unusual; keeps the exuberance of his faculties under (sewed together by needles ;) hence the word is a body always has to proceed in a right line. visible restraint; is solicitous to anticipate enquiries by (met.) applied to a poem composed of verses or

Maclaurin. Philosophical Discoveries of Newton, b. ii. c. 1. needless explanations; and endeavours to shade his own parts of verses taken and put together from other Though the gravity of bodies really arises from their graabilities, lesi weak eyes should be dazzled with their lustre. authors.

vitation towards the several parts of the earth, (as will appear Rambler, No. 173.

afterwards,) yet because this power acts around in all parts, 1 A cento primarily signifies a cloak made of patches. In and its direction is nearly towards the centre of the earth, CENTAUR, n. The Centaurs, says Vossius, ' poetry it denotes a work wholly composed of verses promis- it is therefore called a centripetal force.--Id. Ib. CE'STAURY. I were certain inhabitants of cuously taken from other authors : only disposed in a new

One rule remains. Nor shun nor court the great, Thessaly, --the first people who were carried by form or order, so as to compose a new work and a new

Your truest centre is that middle state meaning.--Cambridge. Scribleriad, Note 13. Bulls; and because they were accustomed to goad

From whence with ease th' observing eye may go the bulls, KEVTEIV Tavpous, they had their name thence. From different nations next the centos crowd ;

To all which soars above, or sinks below.
With borrow'd, patch't, and motley ensigns proud.

Whitehead. A Charge to the Poets. Palæphatus says that these Thessalians pursued

Not for the fame of warlike deeds they toil; on horseback certain wild bulls, and threw their

Father-Creator! who beholds thy works,
But their sole end the plunder and the spoil.-Id. Ib. b. ii.

But catches inspiration? Thou the earth spears or javelins at them; which gives the same

CENTRE, o. Fr. Centre; It.

On nothing hung, and balanc'd in the void etymology, though a different reason for it.

With a magnetic force, and central poise.

CE'NTRE, n. Sp. Centro;
Gr. Kevtpov, a

Thompson, Sickness, b. He, as if centaur-like he had been one piece with the CENTRAL. point, (sc.) in the middle of a horse, was no more moved than one is with the going of his

CENTRA’LITY. sphere, globe, or circle.

CE'NTUPLE, v. Lat. Centuplex, centuown legs ; and in effect so did he command him as his own

CE'NTRALLY. irbs.-Sidney. Arcadia, b. ii.

That point, from which the

CE'NTUPLE, adj. plicatus, from Centum, (sce CENTRATION, circumference is every where

CENTU'PLICATE, v. CENTENARY,) a hundred The greater centaurie is that famous hearb, where with

CENTRICK. equidistant.

and plicare, to fold. Chiron, the centaure, (as the report goeth,) was cured, at

CENTRE'ITY. what time as having entertained Hercules in his cabin, hee

Centri-fugal, – flying from

To fold a hundred times; to repeat a hundred would needs be handling and tempering with the weapons CENTRIFU'GAL. the centre.

times. of his said guest, so long untill one of the arrows light upon CENTRIPE'TAL. Centri - petal,- sceking or

Say but this once, his foot and wounded him dangerously.

Thou hast not done what rashly I commanded,
Holland. Plinie, b. xxv. c. 6. | tending towards the centre.

And that Paulinus lives, and thy reward
CENTENARY, n. Fr. Centenaire ; It. His tables Toletanes forth he brought

For not performing that which I enjoin'd thee,
Ful wel corrected,

Shall centuple whatever yet thy duty
Centenario ; Sp. Cente-
As ben his centres, and his argumentes,

Or merit challenged from me.

Lat. Centenarius, And his proportional convenientes

Massinger. Emperor of the East, Act v. sc. 3. from Centum, a hundred; Gr. 'Ekatov, from 'Exas, For his equations in every thing.

Jac. If the contagion

Chaucer. The Frankeleine's Tale, v. 11,589. procul; quasi dicas remotissimum calculum in nu.

Of my misfortunes had not spread itself inerando, (the farthest or last stone in calculating,) We heare the law truely preached, how we ought to do

Upon my son, Ascanio, though my wants et inde eximie Centum, (Lennep.) whatsoeuer God biddeth, and absteine from whatsoeuer God

Were centupid upon myself, I could be patient.

Beaum. & Fielch. The Spanish Curate, Act i. sc. 2. forbideth, with all loue and mekenes, with a feruent and Centiloquy, from Centum, and loqui, to speak, to

a burnyng lust from the center.--Tyndall. Workes, p.382. I wish his strength were centuple, his skill equal discourse. And see CENTURION.

To my experience, that in his fall
A hundred; a hundredth.
Yet strange it was, so many stars to see

He may not shame my victory!
Without a sun, to give their tapers light:

Massinger. The Unnatural Combat. Act i. sc. I. If we should allow but one inch of decrease in the growth Yet strange it was not that it so should be : of men for every centenary, (and lesse cannot well bee For where the sun centres himself by right,

I perform'd the civilities you enioyn'd me to your friends imagined.) there would at this present be abated almost fiue | Her (Mercy) face, and locks did flame.

here, who return you the like centuplicated, and so doth, &c. foot in their ordinary stature, which notwithstanding was held G. Fletcher. Christ's Victory in Heaven.

Howell, b. iv. Let. 2. the competent height o man above sixteen hundred yeares

By him first since, and so still continues.- Hakewill. Apologie, p. 49.

CENTURION, n.) Fr. Centénier, centurie ;
Men also, and by his suggestion taught,

Ransack'd the center, and with impious hands
Ptolomeus, in his centiloquie, Hermes or whosoever else

It. Centurione, centuria ; Rifl'd the bowels of thir mother Earth the author of that tract, attributes all these symptomes,

Sp. Centurion, centuria ; Lat. Centurio. which are ia melancholy men, to celestiall influencies.

For treasures better hid.---Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i. So called from the number of soldiers, (centum, Burion. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 190. Whereby we are well furnish'd with an answer to a further a hundred,) over which he was appointed. North To her alone I rais'd my strain,

objection, that would insinuate that this emanation or efflux
of the secondary substance from the central is creation pro-

uses centener from the French.
On her centennial day,
perly so called, which is deemed incompetible to any crea.

A century is a hundred of years, of men, of any : Fearless that age should chill the vein ture.-H. More. Antidote against Atheism, App. c. 3.

thing. See CENTENARY. She nourish'd with her ray.-Mason. Palinodia, Ode 10.

Centuriator and centurist were names given to

The sea cannot o're swell CE'NTINEL, v. L See Sentinel. From the Its just precincts; or rocky shores repell

historians, who arranged their narratives into peCE'NTINEL, n. Fr. Sentinelle; It. Senti- Its foming force; or else its inward life

riods of centuries, or a hundred years.
Snella, excubitor, from the And centrall rains do fairly it compell
Within itself, and gently 'pease the strife.

And the centurion answeride, and seide to him, Lord, I Lut. Sentire, ut qui observat et sentit, (sc.)

More. On the Soul, pt. i. b. ii. s. 3.

am not worthi that thou entre undir my roof, but oonly sey One who observes, and perceives the approach

Now if there be but one centrality

thou bi word, and my child schal be heelid. of the enemy, (Skinner.) One who is set on of th' universall soul which doth invade

Wielif. Matther, e. 8 watch for such purpose. A (military) watch. All humble shapes; how come these contradictions made. I proceed now (as I promised) to shew, that there were

Id. Ib. pt. iv. 8. 15. such places, as I have described, appointed and set apart Time's glory is to calm contending kings,

Sith all forms in our soul be counite

among Christians for their religious assemblies, and solemu To unmask falsehood, and bring truth to light, To stamp the seal of time on aged things, And centrally lie there.--Id. Ib. pt. iii. c. 2. s. 33.

addresse unto the divine majestie, through every one of the

first three centuries particularly; and that therefore they To wake the morn, and centinel the night, What needs that numerous clos'd centration,

assembled not promiscuously and at bap hazard, but in apTo wrong the wronger till he render right.

Like wastefull sand ytost with boisterous inundation !
Shakespeare. Rape of Lucrece.

propriate places, unless necessity sometimes forced there to Id. ib. pt. il. b. iii. c. 2. B. 8. doe otherwise.-Mede. Works, b. ii. Dis. I

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And when

In the head of man, saith he, (Willis) the base of the The very river itself (Eulæus) is in much request, and the With wild-wood leaues and weeds, I ha'strew'd his grave, brain, and cerebell, yea of the whole skull, is set parallel to water thereof ceremoniously regarded : in such wise, as the And on it said a century of prayers

the horizon; by which mcanes there is the less danger of kings drink of no other, and therefore they fetch it a great (such as I can) twice oʻre, I'le weepe and sighe. the two brains jogling, or slipping out of their place.

way into the countrey:-Holland. Plinie, b. vi. c. 27. Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iv. sc. 2.

Derhan. Physico-Theology, b. vi. c. 2.

Nay, and the Heathens (many of them at least) when they A centery send forth,

CEREMONY. Fr. Cérémonie ; It. Cere- were to sacritice to their greatest, and most reverend deities, Search euery acre, in the high-growne field, And bring him to our eye. Id. Leur, Act iv. sc. 4.


used, on the evening before, to have a certain preparative Sp. Ceremonia ;

rite or ceremuny called by them Cæna pura, that is, a sup

CEREMONIAL, N. Lat. Carimonia, ritus sancTo hide his offence in some sort, he (Silvanus) would not

per, consisting of some peculiar meats, in which they

CEREMONIALLY. or durst not return into the presence of Seneca, nor speak to

Of the various ety- imagined a kind of holiness; and, by eating of which they him: but made one of his centeners go into the house, to

CEREMO'NJALNESS. mologies, which Vossius thought themselves sanctified, and itted to officiate about declare the emperor's commandment, which was that Seneca CEREMONIOUS. repeats, he thinks that of the mysteries of the ensuing festival.-Soula, vol. ii. Ser. 5. should die.-North. Life of Seneca.

CEREMONIOUSLY. Scaliger, though not free I remember no other points of the ceremonial, that seem But how can he know former ages, unless, according to from doubt, the most probable. Scaliger supposes less it was one particular to ourselves, who declared that we

to have been established by the course of this assembly, unthe opinion of Plato or Pythagoras, he might exist and be alive so inany centuries before he was born.

the word to be so called from the ancient Cerus, that would dine with no ambassador till the peace was concluded. South, vol. vii. Ser. 14. is, Sanctus ; unde in Saliari carmine, cerus manus,

Sir W. Temple. Mem. from 1672 to 1679. The poet of whose works I have undertaken the revision, i. e. sanctus bonusque. See also in Martinius

After this great work of reconciling the kingdom was done may now begin to assume the dignity of an ancient, and cerus, and ceremonia. Ceremony is now applied to-most ceremoniously in the Parliament, in December did claim the privilege of established fame and prescriptive A regular, orderly, fixed or settled form or man- another prelate, Bishop Gardner, the great Lord Chancellor veneration. He has long outlived his century, the term commonly fixed as the test of literary merit. ner of doing any thing ;-in religious and sacred

of England, ascend the pulpit at Saint Paul's, and there made

a sermon of the happy reconciliation of the kingdom. Johnson. Preface to Shakespeare. rites or observances; in social or civil intercourse.

Strype. Memoirs. Q. Mury, an. 1554. Also—to the religious, sacred, rite or observance CEPHA'LICK. From Gr. Kepaan, the head. itself.

All have free access to him, and speak to him whenever Fr. Céphalique, “good for the head; curing a

they see him, without the least ceremony : such is the easy diseased head; of or belonging to the head,” Julius Cæsar, is explained by Mr. Steevens_“I "I never stood on ceremonies," in Shakespeare's freedom, which every individual of this happy isle enjoys,

Cook. Voyage, vol. iv. c. 13. (Cotgrave.)

never paid a ceremonious or superstitious regard to The next year saw me advanced to the trust and power of That with which he cured himself [of phthissical con- prodigies or omens." “ Decked with ceremonies," adjusting the ceremonial of an assembly. All received their sumption) and afterwards the generality of his chief patients, was principally sulphur melted and mingled in a certain i. e. ceremoniously, (sc.) with Cæsar's trophies.

partners from my hand, and to me every stranger applied

for introduction. --Rambler, No. 109. proportion to make it fit to be taken, in a pipe, with beaten Right so this god of loves hypocrite amber or a cephalick herb. Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 189. Doth so his ceremonies and obeisance

CERRIAL. Lat. Cerrus; Fr. Cerre. The He the salubrious leaf

And keepeth in semblaunt alle his observance Of cordial sage, the purple-towering head

That souneth unto gentillesse of love.

unprofitable wild oake, tearmed the Holme Oake,

Of unknown etymology. Martinius Of fragrant lavender, enlivening mint,

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,829. (Cotgrave.) Valerian's fetid smell, endows benign

asks,- An a duritie, Kepas, cornu ?

And I asked him, why therefore haue you not the crosse
With their cephalic virtues.-Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 3. with the image of Jesus Christ thereupon: and he answered: A coroune of a grene oke cerial

we haue no such custome. Whereupon I coniectured that CERE, v.

Upon hire hed was set ful fayre and mete.
Lat. Cera, wax; Gr. Knpos, they were indeede Christians : but for lacke of instruction

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2292, CE'REOUS, of uncertain etymology.

they omitted the foresayde ceremonir. CERE-CLOTI.

I sie come first of all in their clokes white,
To cere is to wax, to smear

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 114.

A company that ware for their delite CE'REMENT. or cover with wax.

But then by what law I pray you, are they excluded ? are Chapelets fresh of okes serrial, Cere-cloth, also written Sear-cloth. In A. S. they excluded by the olde ceremonial lawe of Moses? No Newly sprong.

Id. The Flower and the Leaf. not so, but by a newe lawe, suche as nothyng else requireth, Sare-cloth, is “a sore cloth, a cloth to wind or

Before the rest, but a lyuyng fayth in the sonne of God.- Udol. Rom. c. 3. bind up a sore ;” and Ser-cloth, is, “ceratum, a

The trumpets issued, in white manties dress'd : Sear-cloth,(Somner.) Lye thinks the former is

Disrobe the images

A numerous troop, and all their heads around
If you do finde them deckt with ceremonies.

With chaplets green of cerrial oak were crown'd. the original word. Skinner gives both without Mur. May we do so?

Dryden. Ib. deciding in favour of either. The Dutch call a You know it is the feast of Lupercall.

Some in their hands, beside the lance and shield, Sear-cloth,-Een wasche kleed, a wax cloth. Ju

Fla. It is no matter, let no images

The boughs of woodbine or of hawthorn hel&, nius calls it medicamentum, consisting of oils, gums, Be hung with Cæsar's trophees.

Or branches for their mystic emblems took,

Shakespeare. Julius Cæsar, Act i. sc. I. and liquid mixed with wax.

Of palm, of laurel, or of cerrial oak.

Id. Ib. The Fr. Cerot ; (Gr. For he is superstitious growne of late, Knputov; Lat. Ceratum,) Cotgrave calls “a Sear. Quite from the maine opinion he held once,

CERTAIN, adj. Fr. Certain ; It. Certo : cloth or plaister made of wax, gum or other cleav- Of fantasie, of dreames, and ceremonies.

Certain, n. Sp. Cierto, from the Lat. ing simples.” By cerements, Heath understands

Id. Ib. Act ii. sc. I. CE'RTAINLY. Cretus, past part. of Certhe wared winding sheet, in which the corpse was What man is there so much vnreasonable,

CE'RTAINTY. nere; Gr. Kpiv-ew, to se inclosed, and sown up in order to preserve it. If you had pleas'd to haue defended it

CERTES, ad. parate, to distinguish, to With any termes of zeale : wanted the modestie,

CERTITUDE. decide. Certum proprie Then was the bodye bowelled, embawned, and cered, and

To urge the thing held as a ceremonie. aseretly amongest other stuffe conueyed to Newcastell.

Id. Merchant of Venice, Act v. sc. 1. idem sit, quod decretum ac proinde firmum, (Vos. Hall, Hen. VIII. an. 5. It seems swearing of fealty was with the Scots but a cere

sius.) See ASCERTAIN, And with that, out of his bosom he took a bag of a ceremony without substance, as good as nothing; for this is now Fixed firmly, steadily ; within clear and precise

: cloth with writings therein.-Wyatt. To the King, 7 Jan.1540.

the third time they swore fealty to King Edward: yei all limits; secure or securely settled or established;

did not serve to make them loyal.- Baker. Edw. I. an. 1283. At night he (the bee] stores up his dayes gatherings, and

sure or assured; determined or decided; placed what is worth his observation goes into his cereous tables,

What is it here below that makes the Church one! One beyond all doubt or dispute, all question or denial. and what is not passes away at supper for table-talke.

Lord, one Faith, one Baptisme. One Lord, so it is one in Gayton. Feslivous Notes upon Don Quixote, b. ii. c. 5. the head; one Faith, so it is one in the heart; one Baptisme, Bytuene thys tucye kynges was a certeyn fourme ydo.

R. Gloucester, p. 309, so it is one in the face; where these are truly professed to Is 't like that lead containes her? 'twere damnation be, though there may be differeces of adipinistratios and

My brothr delyuer thou me, my neuow thon me grante, To thinke so base a thought, it were too grose ceremonies ; though there may be differeces in opinions, yet

& holde thi certeynte, & salle hold covenante. To rib her seure-clowth in the obscure grave. there is Columba una; all those are but diversly coloured

R. Brunne, p. 69. Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act ii. sc. 7. feathers of the same dove.

Bp. Hall. Ser. The Beaulie &c. of the Church. And Britheren, 1 my silf am certeyn of ghou, that also gho The ancient Egyp:ian mummies were shrouded in a num

ben ful of loue.-Wiclif. Romaynes, c. 20. ber of folds of linnen, besmeared with gums, in manner of

Not to use ceremonies at all, is to teach others not to use sear-cloth.-Bacon. Nulural History, s. 771.

them again ; and so diminish respect to himself: especially, Therfore moost cerleynli wite al the hous of Israel, that

they are not to be omitted to strangers and formal natures. God made hym both Lord and Crist, this Thesu whom glio O answer me, Let me not burst in ignorance; but tell

But the dwelling upon them, and exalting them above the crucifieden.-Id. Dedis, c. 2.
Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearsed in death,

moon, is not only tedious, but doth diminish the faith and
credit of him that speaks.

But wite ye this, that if the housbondeman wiste in what Hare burst their cerments.-Shukesp Hamlet, Act i. sc. 4.

Bacon. Ess. Of Ceremonies and Respects. our the theef were to come, certis he wolde wake and suffro

not his hous to be undirmyned.-Id. Mutthew, c. 24. The hody of the Marquess of Dorset seemed sound and But upon giving the apparatus of the ceremonial, he handsomely cere clothed, that after 78 years was found un

(Moses) was called up within the cloud, Ec. xxiv. 18, to This Nicholas answered ; fetch me a drinke, corrupted. --Brown. Urne-Buriui.

signify that this law was intended to be a mystery unto the And after wol I speke in privetee
people.-Grew. Cosmo. Sacra, b. iv. c. 8.

Of certain thing that toucheth thee and mee.
CEREA'LIOUS. Lat. Cerealis, from Ceres;

I wol tell it non other man certain. Then again, there was their synagogical government, which Vossius thinks is from the ancient Cereo, which seems to be differing from what either the priests had

Chaucer, The Milleres Tale, v. 3492. quod creo, significabat. Quasi frugum creatrir, in the temple, in respect of persons clean or unclean cere- Of eche of thise of unces a certain the Creator of the fruits of the earth. Varro and monially, or over one another; or from courts of judicature

Not helpeth us, our labour is in vain. in their gates.-Goodwin, Works, vol. iv. pt. iv. p. 168.

Id. The Chanones Tale, v. 16,244. others, think—a gerendo ; g changed into c.

The two sacraments of the Circumcision and the Passover, Nature hath now no domination, Of or pertaining to corn.

had assuredly, besides the ceremonialness annexed to them, And certainly that nature wol not werche, The Greek word Spermata, generally expressing Seeds,

the institution of typifying Christ to come.--Id. Ib. p. 106. Farewel physicke; go bere the man to churche. may signifie any edulious or cerealious grains. As the oath itself, when he (Eumenes) came to take it, he

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2761.
Brown. Miscellaneous Tracts, vol. i. p. 16. made show of dislike, in that it was not soleinn enough for And cerles if it n'ere to long to here,

slich personages as they were, who could not be too ceremo- i I wolde have told you fully the manere,
Lat. Cerebellum, from the Gr.
nivus in testifying their allegiance.

llow wonnen was the regne of Feminie Kapa, caput, the head; Fr. Cérébelle.

kulgh. History The World, b. iv. c. 3. 8. 17. By Theseus, and by his chevalrie. Id. Ib. y. 877


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