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and cry

For euery climat hath his dele,
And after, that we al of our council here, and captains of

I dare tell you,
Atter the tournyng of the whele,

the retinue, do send a certificale signed and subscribed with To your new cerus'd tace what I have spoken Whiche blinde fortune ouerthroweth

our names; declarving ourselves to be contented, and con- Freely behind your back, what I think of you: Wherof the certaine no man knoweth.-Gower Prologue. formable to receive the payment in form afore rehearsed. You are the proudest thing, and liave the least For all must end as doth my blisse

Strype. Records, No. 5. Sir R. Jernegan to the Cardinal. Reason to be so that I ever read of.
There is none other certainlie,
Finally he teachetb vs here, ye the tradycion of the fathers,

Beaum. & Fletch. Spanish Curate, Act v. rc. 4,
And at the end the worst is hys,

and the common obseruance and custome of the Catholike But, sister, whether it touch you or no, it touches your That most hat! known prosperitie.

Churche, is for the certification of a trouth a sure vndoubted beauties, and I am sure they will abide the touch; an' they
Vncertaine Auctors. The Louer here telleth, &0. authoritie.--Sir T. More, Workes, p. 801.

do not, a plague of all ceruse: say I.
And one cried this, another yt amonge the people. And
And thus as if he had beene wroth, he said to one of his

B. Jonson. Every Man in his Humour, Act iv. sc. 8. when he coulde not know the cerlayntie for the rage, he

clerkes, fetch hither quicklie, the certification that came to
me from Shrewesbury vnder the bailiffes seale, witnessing

Others make pesies of her cheeks, commaunded him to be carryed into the castell.

Where red and whitest colours mix;
Bible, 1551. Acta, c. 21.

the errors and heresies, which this losell (Thorpe] hath
venimouslie sowne there.- Fo.r. Martyrs. Hen. IV.

In which the lily and the rose

For Indian lake and ceruse goes.-Hudibras, pt. ii. c. 1. Thou saiest, thou sawest neuer certitude in the loue of

He censures, and in censuring seems to hope it will be an womā, nor end of her hate.-Golden Boke, Let. 16

ill omen, that they who build Jarusalem divide their tongues
and hands. But his hope fail'd him with his example ; for

CESS, v. Junius thinks is a-kin to Bar. Lat.
He that is thy friend indeed,
that there were divisions both of tongues and hands at the

Cess, n. Saisire, to seize upon. It is pro-
He will help thee in thy need ;
If thou sorrow he will weep,

building of Jarusalem, the story would have certify'd him; CE'ssor.
If thou awake he cannot sleep,
and yet the work prosper'd.

from the It. Assessare, to impose a tax, (assesso,)

Milton. Answer to Eikon Basilike. Thus of every grief in hearte,

which never is imposed unless by an assize (nisi ab He with thee doth bear a part.

Hereupon Periander commanded Georgius presently to assessu) of men appointed for that purpose. See These are certain signs to know

arise to apprehend them and lay them up fast in close
Faithful friend from flattering foe.
prison, where no person might have accesse unto them, or

Assess. See the two first quotations.
Shakespeare. The Passionate Pilgrim, S. 18. certifie that Arion was alive and safe.

Holland, Plutarch, p. 282.

A subsidy we call that which is imposed upon every man, Certainly, if it were granted, that she (Athaliah] like a

being cessed by the pole, man by man, according to the vanew Semirimis, did march in the head of her troop, yet it

About Playsance, is a towne situate vpon the hill named luation of their goods and lands.--Camden. Eliz. an. 1563. had been mere madness in her to enter the place alone, when

Velleiacum, wherein six men brought a certificate that they
her assistants were kept out.
had liued one hundred and ten yeares apiece.

Eudox. But what is that which you call cesse? It is a
Ralegh. History of the World, b. ii. c. 21. s. 7.

Hukewill, Apologie, p. 163. word sure unusual among us here, therefore, (I pray you)
The said secretary [Cromwell] certified him, [Pole,] that

expound the same.
Whereof when the king was informed, he woulde there.
in case his learning and judgment did not stretch to the

Iren. Cesse is none other than that which yourselfe called vnto geue no credite vntill he had sent thether, and receyued satisfying of the king's mind and desire, that then his

imposition, but it is in a kind unacquainted perhaps unto the certaintie.-Grafton. Edw. I. an. 8. return hither to his own country would be to the king's

you.-Spenser. View of the State of Ireland, p. 227. Ne certes can that friendship long endure,

pleasure, and to his comfort and profit of his friends. Howeuer gay and goodly be the style,

Strype. Memoirs. Hen. VIII. an. 1535.

To count the particular faults of private men, should be a

worke too infinite; yet some there be of that nature, that That doth ill cause or euill end ensure :

When the strangers go away, their Peuns desire them to though they be in private men, yet their evill reacheth to a For vertue is the band, that bindeth harts most sure. give them their names in writing, with a certificate of their generall hurt, as ihe extortion of sheriffs, and their subSpenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 2. honest and diligent serving 'em; and these they show to the sheriff's, and bay-litres, the corruption of victuallers, cessats,

next corners, to get into business ; some being able to pro- &c.-Id. Ib. p. 230, That something therefore has really existed from eternity: duce a large scrowl of such certificates

. is one of the certainest and most evident truths in the world;

Dampier. Voyages, vol. i. c. 18. CESSE. Out of all cesse. Cotgrave says, sans acknowledged by all men, and disputed by none.

Clarke, On the Being and Attributes of God. CERULE, adj. Lat. Cæruleus, quasi ca- cesse, ex-cess-ively, immoderate, out of all cesse What is the meaning that we are not to believe every

CerU'LEAN. luleus. For it is properly spirit, but to try the spirits, whether they be of God. Cer

CERU'LEOUS. that colour of which the

1 Car. I prethee Tom, beat Cut's saddle, put a few flockes tainly this ; that we are not to believe every one that takes Ceruli'fick, adj. skye (cælum) appears to be, in the point : the poore jade is wrung in the withers, out of upon him to be an inspired man, or that would pretend to (Vossius.) See Blue. See the quotation from all cesse. --Shakespeare. 1 Part Hen. IV. Act it. sc. 1. deliver doctrines to us, as the infallible truths of God: but we are to examine those that make this pretence, whether H. More. they can really produce their credentials that they come

CESSATION. ) Lat. Cessare, cessatum, to Then gan the shepheard gather into one from God.-Sharp, vol. vii. Ser. 2.

His stragling goates, and draue them to a foord,

CE'ssant, adj. I cease, (qv.)
But, I hope, before I have done, to make it evident, that
Whose cærule stream, rombling in pibble stone,

A leaving, quitting, or discontinuing; a desisting this way of certainly by the knowledge of our own ideas,

Crept vnder mosse as greene as any goord.

or forbearing to do, or from doing, any thing. goes a little farther than bare imagination : and, I believe it

Spenser. Virgil. Gnat. will appear, that all the certainty of general truths a man For the danger of these waters is apparent to the eye, this In this engaged estate of my life, God has been pleased, has, lies in nothing else.

ceruleous or blue coloured sea, that overspreads the dia- by a civil death, to contrive a justifiable intermission of Locke. Of Human Understanding, b. iii. c. 4. phanous firmament being easily discern'd through the body secular duties, and by such a way, as renders even this thereof.-H. More. Lilleral Cabbala, c. 1. p. 7.

cessant state in some sort active, and discharging my obliAs when a current, from the ocean wide, Rolls through the Cyclades, its angry tide :

And, therefore, I allow myself to guess at the strength of gations.-Mountague. Derout Essays, Ep. Ded, Now here, now there, in circling eddies tost,

the liquors examined by this experiment, by the quantity The certain tenour of its course is lost of them, which is sufficient to destroy or restore the ceruleous affirming no cessation of arms, unless the king in person

To whom Jack Cade gave very good language, but directly Each weary pilot for his safety fears

colour of our tincture.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 734. would hear the grievances of the subject and pass his In mute suspense, and trembles as he steers. Wilkie. The Epigoniad, b. i.

I say then, that while the several species of rays, as the princely word for the reformation of their wrongs. rubifick, cerulifick, and others, are by refraction separated

Baker. Hen. VI. an. 1450. Such is the certainty of evil, that it is the duty of every one from another; they retain those motions, which are

And therefore make Pythick truce, (as they say) for the man to furnish his mind with those principles, that may proper to each of them.-Grew. Cosmo. Sacra, b. ii. c. 2. enable him to act under it with decency and propriety.

while with vice and wickednesse, which you are ever wont Let the bulky wain

to chastice and rebuke, in all your speeches, and come and Rambler, No. 32. Through dusty roads roll nodding; or the bark

sit down here by us again, that together with us you may That silently adown the cerule stream CERTIFY, v. Fr. Certifier, formed from Glides with white sails, dispense the downy freight

search out some other cause of this general eclipse and

cessation of oracles, which now is in question. CERTIFICATE, v. the Lat. Certum, (see CER- To copsy villages on either side,

Holland. Plutarch, p. 1078. Certi'FICATE, n.

And spiry towns.

Dyer. The Fleece, b. ii.
Behold yon steepy cliff; the modern pile

A cessation of all hostilities was to begin within two
To be or cause to be surely or certainly known;
Perchance may now delight, while that rever'd

months, and to continue till all was concluded by a com-
In ancient days, the page alone declares,

plete treaty, and ratified: provided the Spanish monarchy to ascertain, to assure.

Or narrow coin through cerulean rust.

was then entirely restored. --Burnet. Own Time, an. 1709. He is his lord and brother, he certifies that to the

Id. The Ruins of Rome.

I am far from supposing that the cessation of my perform-
That no man in this werld he lufes so mykelle.

CEʻRUSE, n. / Fr. Cérusse, céruse; It. Ce- ances will raise any enquiry, for I have never been much a
R. Rrunne, p. 259.

This was certified, and sikere on ilk side.-12. p. 249. paint or ointment, which females laid upon their

of my undertaking, I have been animated by the rewards of

the liberal, the caresses of the great, or the praises of the And whan I was certified of your name, the lenger I loked faces to produce fairness. The name seems to eminent.--Rambler, No. 208. in you the more I you goodlie dradde.

denote that it had some similarity to wax, Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. i. (Vossius.)

CE'SSION. See CEDE, That thou with vs be not wroth,

The preparation commonly called white lead, Though we suche thyng, as is the loth also bears the name of ceruse.

CEST, n. Lat. Cestus ; Gr. Kertos. Cingulum Upon our trouth certifie.--Gower. Con. A. b. ii.

acu pictum, and so called a Kertelv, i. e. pungere, Ther n'as quicksilver, litarge, ne brimston, Incontynent he sent messengers to Kyng Edwarde, re- Boras, ceruse, ne oile of tartre non.

quia acús compunctionibus elaboratum ; because commendyng him to his grace with all his hert, councellyng

Chaucer. Prologue, v. 662.

worked by the prickings of a needle. Cestus, hym to come thyther and to passe the see, certifyenye him,

And the breath stincketh, and the teeth rust, and an euill

Lat. is most commonly used. Applied to--
how the Flemmynges greatly desyred to se hym.
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle

, c. 82. ayre all the body ouer, both by the reason of the ceruse and The girdle or zone of Venus.
quickesiluer.-Vives. Instruct. of Christian Women, c. 4.

Young Fancy thus, to me divinest name,
She wrote letters and sent messangers to the Frenche The college of physicians have not sat,

To whom, prepar'd and bath'd in heaven,
Kynge, desyringe him not to consente that the bastarde of
As they were used, in couusell, how to fill

The cest or amplest power is given,
Spayane shule make her any maner of warre, seyng, that The crannies in your cheeks, or raise a rampire

To few the god-like gift assigns, her resorte was to the court of Fraunre. cerlilyeng him that With mummy, ceruces, or infants' fat

To gird their blest prophetic loins, moche yuell might ensue, and many inconuenyentes fall To keep off age and time.

And gaze her visions wild, and feel unmixt her fame. thereby.-Id. 16. c. 239.

Massinger. The Bondman, Act iii. sc. 4.


Ode on the Poetical Character. 288

I to be and fieri, to cause


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CETACEOUS, adj. Lat. Cete, of uncertain

It were a short beyete

of the third (so.t) is merchandise or chaferie, that is

Tb winne chaffe, and lese whete-Gower. Con. A. b iv buying and seiling. Spenser. On Ireland.
origin : a whale;
Of the kind or class of whale.
How might I do to get a grafe

For curate he had none.
Of this vnspotted tree!

Nor durst he trust anniher with his care;
In celaceous fishes, or as the Latins call them, sea-beasts,
For all the rest are plaine but chaffe

Not rode himself to Paul's, the public fair,
the tail hath a different position from what it hath in all

Which seine good corne to bee.

To ckaper for preferment with his gold. other fishes, for whereas in these it is erected perpendicular

Vincerlaine Auctors. A Praise of his Lady.

Drydent. The Character of a good Parson. o the horizon, in them it lies parallel thereto partly to supply the use of the hinder-pair of tins, which these crea- For whose sake I let all go to losse, and count the as CHAGRI'N, v. Not in our old Dictionaries. tures lack, and partly to raise and depress the body at plea chaffe or refuse (that is so say, as thinges which are purged out, and refused, when a thing is tried and made perfect)

CHAGRI'N, n. sure.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. i.

Fr. Chagrener, the origin of that I might win Christ.--Tyndall Workes, p. 219. which Menage confesses to be entirely unknown Notwithstanding the many parts and properties which cetaceous fishes have in common with land animals, yet If the cares be bolted by themselves alone for goldsmiths

to him; he suggests, however, Carchinus, qui there still remain others, that in a natural arrangement of worke, the chute comming thereof is called in Latine, Acus; signifie un cancer, mauvaise humeus, a cancer or the animai kingdom, must determine us, after the example but if it be threshed and beaten upon a pared dioore, eare, ill humour. Cotgrave explains it ;-of the illustrious Ray, to place them in the rank of fishes; straw, and all together (as in most parts of the worlde they and for the same reasons, that first of systematic writere use to doe, for to fodder cattaile or give provender to horses) with care, heauinesse, melancholy, anguish.”

“ To vex, disquiet, grieve, trouble, perplex, fill Rssigns.--Pennant. Zoology, Class 4. Fishes.

then it is tearmed Palea ; but the refuse or chaffe remaining

after that Panicke or Semama bee cleansed, they call in CHAFE, v. Fr. Ckauffer, from Calfare, Latine Appuda, however in some counties it be otherwise

Hear me, and touch Belinda with chagrir.

That single act gives half the world tbe spleen. (HAFE, n. formed by contraction from Cal- named. Lolland. Plinie, b. xviii. c. 10.

Pope. The Rape of the Lock, c. 4. CHA'FER.

The careful plowman doubting stands

But friends, and favourites, to chagrin them,
CHA'FING, R. or cause to be warm. Skinner Least on the threshing foore his hopeful sheaves
Prove chuf.

Find counties, countries, seas between them :

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv. says, by rubbing or friction; and also, translato

Meet once a year, then part, and then, longius sensu ;-to chafe, is used for to kindle with

The loue I beare him

Retiring, wish to meet again.
Made nic to fan you thus, but the gods made you

Shenstone. The Progress of T'asle, pt. I. anver. And as now used it is

(Vulike all others) chu felesse. Pray your pardon.
To warm, heat, or inflame; to kindle, (sc.) with

Oh! trifting head, and fickle heart
Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act I. sc. 7.

Chagrin'd at whatso'er thou art;
rubbing, friction, or attrition; (to rub, ) :ind (met.)
The most slight and chafy opinion, if at a great remove

A dupe to follies yet untry'd,
to warni, to kindle, with vexation, with anger.
from the present age, contracts such an esteem and venera-

And sick of pleasures, scarce enjoy'd!
Chufer is used by Baker simply for-
tion, that it outweighs what is infinitely more ponderous

Warton. The Progress of Discontent
A vessel; a dish or bowl.
an rational of a modern date.

The closest connection had been forrned between him and To chafe or warm, (sc.) perfumes; to incense;

Glanvill. Vanity of Dogmalizing, c. 15. Feenou, in testimony of which they had exchangeel names; to perfume.

Some birds. you know, Lindamor, we usually beguile

and therefore he was not a little chagrined, that another Medle we nat moche with hem. to meeven any wratthe with chas, and others are generally drawn in by appropriated

person now put in his claim to the honours, which his friend baits, and by the mouth, not the eye.

had hitherto enjoyed. --Couk. Voyage, vol. v. b. ii. c. 6. Ieste cheste chaufeous so.-- Piers Plouhman Vision, p.232.

Boyle. Occasional Reflections, Ref. 10. Thid myself a fortnight in the country, that my chagrin
Ne for no harme that men do ne say, he ne chafeth no:
And the poor hushandman, with folded arms,

might fuine away without observation, and then returning ayenst reson.-Chaucer. The Persones Tale.

Surveying his lost labours, and a heap

to my shop began to listen after another lottery. All good smelles are more odoriferous, if they be well Of blasted chof.--the product of the field

Rambler, No. 181 meiled and chansed togither - Golden Duke, let. 3.

Whence he expected bread.
dkenside. Pleasures of Imagination, b. ii.

The time went ouer forwarde and the sonne mounted,

Fr. Chain; It. Catena; Sp
and the daves chafed maruay lously, for it was aboute myd-
'Till swoln to tempests they outrage the thunder,

Chain, n. } Cadena; Lat. Catena; Gr. Ka somer, whan the sonne was in his strengtli, and specially in Winnow the chosty snow, and mock the skies

Onua, monile dependens, from Kadrota, demittere Spayne and Granaria, and in the farre countreyes of Septen- Even with their own artillery retorted.

descendere. Gesner explains,— Catena, vinculum tryon.- Berners. Froissari. Cronycie, vol. ii. c. 103.

Armstrong. Imitations of Shakespeare.

ex ferreis annulis, a ligature of iron rings. MarBut when as her he by no means could find,

CHA'FFER, v. after long search and chauff he turned backe

Lye (in Junius) has no tinius, --connexus annulorum ; i. e, a connected

CIA'FFER, n. onto the place where me he left behind.

doubt, - from the Alam. series of rings or links. Applied (met.) Spenser. Faerie Quesne, b. vi. c. 2, Cua'ffering, n. Chauphen, emere. In Goth. To a connexion of ideas or arguments; to any Heaven's sun, which stay'd so long from us this year,


Kaupon; A. S. Ceapan, cy- connected succession or series.
Sarl in your north (I think) for she was there,
And hither by kind nature drawn from thence,

pan; Ger. Kauffen, to traffick, to cheap, to buy To chain is to fasten, bind, or confine with a Here rages, chases, and threatens pestilence.

In Luke xix. 13,—Goth. Kaupoth ; A. S.

chain; to reduce to the state or condition of those Ceapiath; Wiclif,—Chaffare ye. As now usedDowne. Lelter to Mr. J. P.

chained ; and, hence, to enslave, to enthral, Chor. His giantship is gone somewhat crest-fall'n Those, who do not give the price asked, or

Chain is written prefixed to--shot, pump, &c. Stalking with less uliconscinable strides, who do not take that offered, but make repeated

Thorgh Edward long trayne Gascoyn is born down, And lower looks, but in a sultrie chofe,

offers or repeated refusals, with a view to greater Non defendes his chayne, but only Bayoun. Milton. Samson Igonistes. gains, are said to chaffer.

.R. Brunne, p. 264. Then the yeoman of the scullery, with a pan of fire to

Which man hadde hous in birielis and noither with cheynes beat the itons, à chafer of water to cool the ends of the

Mathew makoth mencion of a man that lente

now myghte ony mon bynde hym. For ofte tymes he was irons, and two forms for all oficers to set their stull on.

Hus silver to thre menne, and menynge that thie sholde

bounden in stokis and chrynes, and he hadde broke the Baker. Hen. VIII. an. 1541. Chaffare and cheve thr with. in chele and in hete

cheynes and hadde broke the stockis to small gobetis. And he that best laborede. best was alowede. Mingle the powder of these spices with it, aud heat them

1'iciif. Mark, c. 5.

Piers Plouhman, p. 141. in a platter upon a chajing-tish of coales together, stirring

Which (man) hadde his abydyng among ye graues, and no them well that they doe not burne.

And whanne hise ten seruantis veren cleped, he gas to

man coulde bynde him: no not with cheines because yl who Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 389. hem ten besauntis and seyde to hem. chaffare ye til I come.

he was often bounde wt fetters and cheynes, he plucked the

Wiclif. Luke, c. 19.
I strok'd his neck and shoulders bare,

chaines asundre and breke the setters in peces.
And squeezd the water from his hair,
He comaundede hise seruantis to be clepid to whiche he

Bible, 1551. Ib.
Then chal'd his little hands in mine,
hadde gyue money; to wite how myche ech hadde wonne

Beforn his triumphe walketh she (Zenobia)
And cheer'd him with a draught of wine.
by chaffarynge.-Id. Ib.

With gilte chaines on hire necke honging,
Hughes. Anacreon, Ode 3. Hir chafnire was so thrifty and so newe,

Crouned she was, as after hire degree.
A strange and supernatural instance of which we have
That every wight hath deintee to chaffare

Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14,362.
in our Saviour, in the sad preliminaries of his passion. The
With hem, and eke to sellen hem her ware.

Lastly ye kynge aduertysyng in his mynde, that he myght inward chafings and agitations of his struggling soul forcing

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4557.

nothynge dere ye Sarazeyns without he might passe that a way through his body, by a sweat even of blood, and opening all his veins, by an inward sense of something sharper

My gold is yours, whan that it you leste,

riuer of Thanoys, concluded by aduyce of his maryners, to than the impression of any lance or spear from without,

And not only my gold, but my chaffare :

make a brydge of shyppes. (so that finally he cheyned and Take what you lest, God shide that ye spare.

fastened his shyppes) togyder in such wyse, thet a passage South, vol. ix. Ser. 1.

Id. The Shipmannes Tale, v. 13,215.

was made for his knightes.--Fabyan, an. 1273.
Ars with he'ris.
With spears and bucklers, grating o'er the bed
But of this point, lo thus I fare,

Our captaine and master perceiving their pretence, caused
Or loosen'd stone, with limbs and trunks of men,
As he triat payeth for his chofiara,

our gunners to make all our ordinance readie with crosso
The turbid current chafus.--Glorer. Athenaid, b. xxii.
And bieth it dere, and yet hath none :

barres, chainesholle and haile shot.
So mote he nedes proue gone.
Gorrer. Con. A. b. y.

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. pt ii, p. 63.
CHAFF. A. S. Ceaf: Dut. Kaf; Ger.

From these to the Troglodites, in the south-west coast, is And he made two hecd peces of molten brasse, to get on
Kaff. Skinner and Lye thrink foure days journey, with whom they challer and trafficke the toppes of the pyllars, of syue cubytes long a pece, wi gar-
CHA'Fry. from the A.S. Caf, light, swift; onelye for a certaine precious stone or gem, which wee call a landes of brodred worcke, and whopes of chayne-torcke for
because chaff, on account of its lightness, is carbuncle, brought out of Ætlıyopia.

the heed peces that were on the pyllars, vii. for the one, and moved swiftly in the air.

Holland. Plinie, b. xviii. c. 10. vii. for ye other.-Bible, an. 1551. 3 Kinges, c. 7.
Wachter prefers the
Ger. Kaw, hollow, empty, light ;-est enim folli- Now, as the place whence he came was so dry, that, as What is this knowledge? but the sky-stoln fire,

Malmsbury saith, miserabili commercin, ibi aqua reneut; For which the thief still chain'd in ice doth sit?
See the quotation from Pliny.

" by sad chafer they were fain to give money for water;" so And which the poor, rude, satyr did admire,

he removed to one so low and moist, men sometimes (upon And needs would kiss, but burnt his lips with it. For so the at the first, in poudre as dos the chas, my knowledge) would give money to be rid of water.

Daries. The Introduction. Pleand fast thei thrist, & iled buthe ri and rar.

Fuller. Worthies. Wiltshire.

In the entrance of philosophy, when the serund causes,
R. Branns, p. 277.
A thousand patrons thither ready bring

which are next unto the senses, do offer themselves to the
Me liet not of the chaf ne of the stre
Their new-faln churches to the chastering:

mind of man, if it dwell and stay there, it may induce some wea so long a tale, as of the corn, Stake three yeares' stipend ; no man asketh more.

oblivion of the highest cause ; but when a man passetli on Charcer. The Man of Lawes Tale. v. 3121.

Bp. Hall, b. ii. Sat. 5. farther, and seeth the dependence of causes, and the works VOL L.



or sell.

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Else how should even tale be registred,
But restless was the chair, the back erect
of providence : then, according to the allegory of the poets,

Or all thy draughts on the chalk'd barrel's head.
Distress'd the weary Joins, that felt no ease
Die will easily believe that the highest link of nature's chain

Bp. Hall, b. v. Sat. 3.
The slipp'ry seat betray'd the sliding part
must needs be tied to the foot of Jupiter's chair.
Bacon. On Learning, b. i. That press'd it; and the feet hung dangling down,

And accordingly he hath chalked out a new way of loving Anxious in vain to find the distant floor.

also; he gave bis life for us ; yea, himself, and all his glory; The melting voice through mazes running,

Couper. Task, b. 1.

and so it follows that in John, xv. 12, Lore one another, as C'ntwisting all the chains that tie

I have loved you.--Goodwin, Works, vol. i. pt. i. p.
The hidden soul of harmony.--Milton. L'Allegro, v. 143.
CHAISE. Fr. Chaise, for Chaire, says Duchat,

The wheat of Campaine is reddir, but this of Pisa whiter :
by the change of s into r, common in our language. I and more weightie it is, if it come from a chalkie ground, or
The standers by admire her passing forces,
And chiefe their wives that saw them killed so,
Applied to

have chalk mingled among ---Holland. Plinie, vol. i. p. 563. For as a chain-shol sweeps all in the way,

A light carriage drawn by one horse or more. So with those nine Marsisa then did play.

Terrible apprehensions and answerable to their names, Harrington. Orlando, b.ix, s. 55.

One question more comes into my mind to ask you, and are raised of fayrie stones and elve's spurs found commonly

that is, whether the back of those that fall down so flat, are with us, in stone, chalk, and marl-pits. When the rice is ripe and gathered in, they tread it out

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b, ii. c. 4. so made that, when it is up, one may lean and loll against of the ear with butfaloes, in a large round place made with

it at one's ease, as in a coach or chariot; for I am grown a a hard door fit for that purpose, where they chain three or

In that room, up one pair of stairs, which was hung with very lazy fellow, and have now three chairs to lean and loll four of these beasts, one at the tail of another, and driving

a rusty green, he found John Milton sitting in an elbow them round in a ring, as in a horse-mill, they so order it in, and would not be without that relief in my chaise.

chair; black cloths and neat enough; pale but not cadaver

Locke. To Anthony Collins. that the buffaloes may tread upon it all.

ous; his hands and fingers gouty, and with chalk-stones. Dampier. Voyage, an. 1687. Every body here hires a carriage, and Mr. Banks hired

Richardson. Life of Milton. For he that so breaketh one command is guilty of all ; he two. They are open chaises, made to hold two people, and

When rusty weapons with chalk'd edges breaks the chain in pieces, and shows contempt of the lawdriven by a man sitting on tie coach-box; for each of these

Maintain'd our feeble privileges.-Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 2. giver, and want of inward sincerity towards God.

he paid two rix dollars a day. Stillingfieet, vol. iii. Ser. 2.

Cook. Voyage, vol. ij. b. ii. c. 10. Cole, whose dark streams his flowery island lave;

And chalky Wey, that roils a milky wave. An habitual sadness seizes upon the soul, and the facul- CHA'LDRON. A large measure, particularly

Pupe. Windsor Forest ties are chained to a single object, which can never be con

of coals, containing 2000) pounds. I know not I shall pursue the plan 1 have chalked out in my letters templated but with hopeless uneasiness.--Rumbler, No. 47. whether from Fr. Chauderon, caldarium, so many

that follow this.-Burke. On a kegicide Peace, Let. 1. The sides of the bay are white cliffs of great height; the coals as are sufficient for heating (calfaciendo) a

The calumny is fitter to be scrawled with the midnight middle is low land, with hills gradually rising behind, one large cauldron! (Skinner.)

chalk of incendiaries, with " no popery," on walls and doors towering above another and terminating in a chain of moun

of devoted houses, than to be mentioned in any civilized tains, which appear to be far inland.

Coals were bought at Newcastle for two shillings and two

company.-Id. Speech at Bristol previous to the Election Cook. Voyages, vol. i. b. ii. c. 1. pence a chaldron, and sold again in France for thirteen nobles.-Strype. Memoirs. Edw. VI. an. 1552.

There is as much expression in the Susanna as perhaps CHAIR, n. From the A.S. Cyran, acyran,

can be given, preserving at the same time beauty; but the Chair, v.

CHA'LICE, n. Fr. Calice; Sp. Caliz; Lat. colour is inclinable to chulk, at least it appears so afte! packwards and forwards. A chair is a species of Cha’liced, adj. ) Calix; Gr. Kunce, and so called looking at the warm splendid colours of Rubens: his sus

and rich composition makes this look cold and scanty. seat. It is not a fixed, but a movable seat, turned Trapa TO KUALeobar, from its roundness. Usually

Sir Joshua Reynolds. Journey to Flanders, fc. about and returned at pleasure; and from that applied to

Already British coasts appear to rise, circumstance it has its denomination.

A cup used in religious rites,

The chalky cliffs salute their longing eyes; chaer-seat, (Tooke, ii. 190.)

Each to his breast, where foods of rapture roll,
This is a fouler thefte than for to breke a chirche and
Chair is used in old writers as we now use car,

Embracing strains the mistress of his soul.
steale away the chalice.-Chaucer. The Persones Tale.

Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 1. or chariot.

And therefore he saith that in their time thei had treen To chair, is a common expression used at elecchalicer & golden prestos, and now haue we golden chalices

CHA’LLENGE, v. Dut. Kalangieren; Fr. tions for members of parliament, when the trium- and treen prestes.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 114.

CHA’LLENGE, n. phant candidate is carried about in a chair.

And the grave clergy had with them been set,

longer or chalenger, MeAs he wende aboute by the see, & such poer adde an honde,

To warrant what they undertook was just,


page thinks is derived Up achcere he sat adoun, al vp the see sonde, And as for monies, that to be no lct,

from Calumnier, from the Lat. Calumniari. Wicill An enresonede hys men, as hii byuore him stonde,

They bade the king, for that to them to trust :

renders calumniam sustineret, he might be chalengid; R. Gloucester, p. 321.

The church to pain would see her cholice laid,
Ere she would leave one pioneer unpaid.

calumniantur, chalenge falsli.

Neque calumniam Por the quene he sent & scho did dight hire chare.

Drayton. The Battle of Agincourt. faciatis, nether make ye fals chalenge.
R. Brunne, p. 332.
Hearke, hearke, the larke at heauen's gate sings,

“ To claim, challenge, demand, make title unto;
Anon he ful of sorowe
and Phæbus gins arise,

also to challenge, accuse, appeach, complain, charge Fro h' chaire thare he sat. & brak hus necke atweyne. His steeds to water at those springs, Piers Plouhman, p. 6.

with, call in question for an offence, crime, or on chalic'd flowers that lyes.

trespass,” (Cotgrave.)

Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act ii. sc. 3. And thei loven the firste syttynge places in soperis, and the firste chaieres in sinagogis. --Wiclif. Matthew, c. 23. Saying, that the lifting up of the host betokeneth nothing,

The emperesse to Engelond com,

To calangy atter hyre fader, by rygte the kynedom. but the sending down of the Son by the Father to suffer And he turnyde aghen sittinge in his chare & redynge death for man and the lifting up of the chalice signified,

R. Gloucester, p. 451. Jazie the prophete, and the spirite seide to Philip, neighe that the Father of heaven sent down bis Son to shed his thou and ioyne thee to this chare.--Id. Dedis. 16. c. 8.

Grante him conquere his right Gascoyne and Normundie, blood in earth for man's salvation,

That the kyng of France chalanges falsly.
God daunted all his pride, and all his bost,
Strype. Memoirs. Hen. VIII. an. 1556.

R. Brunne, p. 235.
For he so sore fell out of his chare,
The same merry gentleman represented the office thus :

And wele it was to witen no chalange ageyn.-Id. p. 87. That it his limmes and his skinne to tare, So that he reither nighte go ne ride; “They get them a tankard (as though they refused the use

Somme serven the kynge. and hus silver tellen of a chalice) and one saith, I drink, and I am thankful. The But in a chaire men about him bare.

In the chekkere and the clauncelnie. chalengynge hus more joy of thee, saith the other." Chaucer. Monkes Tale, v. 14,531.

dettes Id. Memoirs. Q. Mary, an. 1554.

or wardes & of wardemotes.- Piers Plouhman, p. 5. He with great humilitee Out of his chare to grounde lepte,

O'er the horns

A charter is chalangable. byfore a chief iustice.--Id. p 221 Th' inverted chalice, foaming from the grape, And them in both his armes clepte.-Gower. Con. A. b. i. Discharg'd a rich libation.-Glover. Leonidas, b. xii.

For the tribune dredde lest the iewis wolde take hin bi the The Romaines maden a chayere.

waie and sle him, and aftirwarde he myght be chalthyid as And sette her emperour therein.

1. Ib. b. v.

CHALK, v. Lat. Calr, calcis, from Gr. he hadde take money.-Wiclif. Dedis, c. 23.
The Scithes sware only by the chayre or throne of theyr

Hauynge good conscience, that in that thing that thet kyng, which othe if they brake, they therefore suffer death. CHA'LKY. or the fragments of stone, of bacbiten of you, thei ben confoundid which chalenge falsii

Sir T. Elyot. Gouernovr, c. 7. CHA'LKSTONE. which cement or mortar is youre good conuersacioun in Crist.-Id. 1 Petir, c. 3. And stroue to match, in royall rich array

made. Scheidius observes, that from Kaaelv, And he scide to hem, smyte ye no man wrongfuily, nether Great Junoe's golden chaire, the which they say

frangere, (pp.) KEKAAKA, is KAUKOS, which might make ye fals chulienge and be ye a payed with your soudis, The gods stand gazing on, when she does ride

give the contracted κλαξ, whence καλξ. To Joue's high house through heauen's brass-paued way.

Id. Luke, c. 3.

Spenser. Faerie Queche, b. i. c. 4.

God oftentymes hy clere examples and bodely delyuerances
At last agreed they call'd him hy consent,
To chalk, is to cover, or spread over with chalk; chalengeth to himself the glorye of his owne name.

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 3.
to mark out a tract or course, as if with chalk.
Before the queen and female parliament.
And the fair speaker rising froin the chair

Not that I chalenge any thing of right
He toke the chalk, and shope it in the wise
Did thus the judgment of the house declare.

of you, my soveraine lady but of grace
Of an ingot, as I shal you devise.
Dryden. The Wife of Bath.

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,656.
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,690.
To this end, it was agreed by Mr. Rouse, chairman to that

Then the thirde daye came in an other knyght of Henaude ass.mbly, and the rest of Cromwell's junto, to meet earlier

Lo how thei feignen chalke for cheese.

as chalenger, to whom, as defendaut, came in sir John in the house than was usual.-Ludlow. Mem. vol. ii. p. 32.

Gower. L'on. A. Prologue. Cornewayll, knyght, and so well bare him, that he put the

straunger to the worse.-- Fabyan, an. 1509. But, give him port and potent sack,

For thys wyll not be allowed of them that know chese frö chalke, no, though they brynge with them thre Ambroses

Antonius on the other side bravely sent him word againe, Froin milk-sop he starts up Mohack; for their witnesse. --Bule. Apology, p. 7).

and chailenged the combat of him, man for man, though he Holds that the happy know no hours;

were the elder: and that if he refused him so, he would So through the streets at midnigh scowers,

But whan they shoulde walke

then fight a battle with him in the fields of Pharsalis, u Breaks watchmen's heads and chairmen's glasses,

Were fayne with a chalke
And thence proceeds to nicking sashes.-Prior. Alma, c. 3.

Julius Caesar and Pompey had done before.
To score on the balke.--Skellon. Why come ye not to Court?

North. Plutarch, p. 776. To all yet, he his chnllenge made at every martiall feale, And ye schulen seye to the housebondeman of the hous, Satan may looke in at my doors by a tentation ; but he And easily foild all since with him Minerva was so great. the mayster seyth to thee, where is a chamber where I schal shall not have so much as one chamber-room set apart for Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b. iv. ete pask with my discipilis !-Wiclij. Luke, c. 22.

him to sojourne in.-Bp. Hall. Medit. & Vows, cent. 1. gs. Scon after this go fierce conllict was done, And say vnto yo good mā of the house. The master saieth

About twelve o'clock we went to take our places in the Another challenger straight steppeth out, vnto the : where is the gest chamber, where I shal eate myne

house ; Mr. Lenthal our Speaker leading the way, and the With whom Martano was required to runne, ester lambe with my disciples ? - Bible, 1551. To.

officers of the army lining the rooms for us, as we pasked But he (whose heart was ever full of doubt)

through the paintet chamber, the court of requests, and ih: With fonde excuses sought the same to shunne, This miller to the toun his doughter send

lobby itself; the principal officers having placed themselves And shew'd himselfe a faint and dastard lout. For ale and bred, and rosted hem a goos,

nearest to the door of the Parliament-house ; every one Harrington. Orlando, b. xvii. 8. 63. And bond her hors, he shuld no more go loos:

seeming to rejoice at our restitution, and promising to live Now, at the time and in th' appointed place,

And in his owen chambre hem made a bedde.

and die with us.--Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 186. The challenger and chulleng'd, face to face,

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4137. Approach ; each other from afar they knew, 1

I shall say nothing of those silent and busy multitudes And but thou do to my norice honour,

that are employed within doors. in the drawing up of And from afar their hatred chang'd their hue.

And to my chamberere within my bower.

writings and conveyances; nor of those greater numbers Drayton. Palamon & Arcite,

Id. The Wif of Balkes Prologue, v. 5882. that palliate their want of business with a pretence to such This (duelling) seems to have begun upon the famous And shortly of this matere for to sayn,

chamber-practice.--Spectator, No. 21. challenge that passed between Charles V. and Francis I. He fell in office with a chamberlain,

I have upon my chamber-walls, drawn at full length, the which though without effect, yet it is enough known and The which that dwelling was with Emelie.

figures of all sorts of men, from eight foot to three foot two lamented, how much of the bravest blood in Christendom

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1420. inches.-- Tatler, No. 93. has been spilt by that example,

Elda come home the same night :

The day after, the Dutchess of Somerset was also sent to
Sir W. Temple. Of Heroic Virtue.
And stille with a preuie light,

the Tower, with one Crane and his wife, that had been much My second excepted against it, and advised me to match

As he that volde not awake

about her, and two other charber-loren. my own, and send him the choice, which i obeyed; it being, His wife, he hath his weye take

Burnet. Hist. of the Reformation, b. i. pt. ii. an. 1551. you know, the challenger's privilege to elect his weapon. In to the chambre.

Gower. Con. d. b. ii.

With nobler gifts of native worth adorn'd,
Guardian, No. 133. For there is none so litell page,

The heroic inaid her sex's softness scornu;
I claim, not the letter, but the spirit of the old English Ne yet so symple a chamberere,

The silken indolence, and soft fatigue, law, that is, to be tried by my peers. I decline his grace's

That I ne make hem all chere.

Id. Ib. b. iv. The chamber'd spleen and closcted intrigue. jurisdiction as a judge. I challenge the Duke of Bedford, as Contecke, as the bokes saine,

Brookes. Jerusalem Delivered, b. if a juror to pass upon the value of my services.

Foole hast hath to his chamberlaine, Id. 16. b. iii. The most magnificent and costly dome
Burke. Leller to a Noble Lord.

Is but an upper chamber to a tomb.--Young. Last Day, b. ii.
And spo she and he wente thyder all alone, and nother
When any of them chooses to wrestle, he gets up from

chamberer nor varlet entred with them, for the lady had noo CHAME'LEON. Gr. Xaualewy, from one side of the ring, and crosses the ground in a sort of mistrust in hym of ony dyshonoure.

χαμαι, measured pace, clapping smartly on the elbow joint of one

humi; and newv, leo; humilis, sive pumilus leo :

Berners. Froissarl. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 61. arm, which is bent, and produces a hollow sound: that is

a low or little lion—creeping on the ground. Xquan Teckoned the challenge.--Cook. Voyaye, vol. v. b. ii. c. 7. This Persin all came to Jhon Ward, a secrete chamberer to Vossius remarks, in composition, diminishes.

the Duke of Gloucester.-Hall. Edw. V. Yet I am far from thinking this tenderness universally

Plinie calls it a kind of crocodile. The modern necessary; for he that writes may be considered as a kind Let vs walke honestly as it were in the day lyght: not in animal is a kind of lizard of a very harmless of general challenger, whom every one has it right to attack: eatyng and drynekyngi neither in chambarynge and wan- character. since he quits the common rank of life. steps forward beyond tones.- Bible, 1551. Lumaynes, c. 13. the lists, and offers his merit to the public judgment.

There is not a creature in the world thought more fearfull Rambler, No. 93. The hard ground is his feather bed, and some block or than it; which is the reason of that mutabilitie whereby it

stone his pillo's; anil as for his horse, he is as it were a turneth into such variety of colours : howbeit of exceeding His hour is come.

chamber-fellow with his master, faring both alike. The impious challenger of pow'r divine

great power against all sorts of hawkes or birds of prey; for Was now to learn, that heav'n, though slow to wrath,

Hackluyl. Voyages, vol. i. p. 250, by report, let them flie and soare never so high over the

chamæleon, there is an attractive vertue that will fetch them Is never with impunity defied.--Corper. Tusk, b. vi. The Lord Lisle was made Earl of Warwick, and the Lord

down.--Holland. Plinie, b. xxviii. c. 8. Great Chamberlainship was given to him; and the Lord CHALYBEAN. Fr. Chalibe. Chaliphs, a kind Judley marie Admiral of England: all these things were

Though the cameleon loue can feed on the ayre, I am one of very hard iron, received its name from the Cha- done, the King being in the Tower.

that am nourish'u by my victuals ; and would faine haue lybians, a nation of Pontus or Seythia, (Vossius :

Burnel. Records. K. Edward's Journal. meate.--Shakes. Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act ii. sc. 1.

He could frame altogether with [men's) manners and R::d see Virg. Geo. i, 58.)

I interchangeably hurl down my gage

fashions of life, transforming himself more easily to all Who tore the lion as the lion tears the kid,

V pon this ouer-weening traitor's foote

manner of shapes, then the camelion. For it is reported, Ran on embattelld armies clad in iroti, To prove myself a lovall gentleman,

that the camelion cannot take white colour: but Alcibiades Euen in the best blond chamber'd in his bosome. And weaponless himself. Made arms ridiculous, useless the forgery

Shakespeare. Richard II. Act i. sc. I.

could put ipon him any manners, customs, or fashions, of

what nation soever, and could follow, exercise, and Of brazen shield and spear, the hammer'd cuirass, Nor in a secret cloister doth he keep

counterfeit them when he would, as well the good as the Chilean temper'd steel, and frock cf mail-

Those virgin-spirits, till their marriage day:

bad.-North. Plutarch, p. 175.
Adamantean proof,
Milton, Samson Agonistes.
Nor locks them up in chambers, where they sleep,

Here in the court, camelion like I fare,

Till they awake within these beds of clay.

And as that creature, only feed on air.
Fr. Chambre; It. and
Davies. Of the Creation of Souls.

Drayton. England's Heroical Epistles
Sp. Camera; Ger. and
Haply, for I am blacke,

As the camelion, who is known,
Dut. Kamer; Lat. Ca-
And haue not those soft parts of conuersation

To have no colour of his own;

mera; Gr. Kauapa, fornix, That chamberers haue.--Shakespeare. Olhelio, Act iii. sc. 3. But borrows from his neighbour's hue CHAMBERLAIN.

His white or black, his green or blue;
tectum arcuutum, opus
Nor in the house with chamber-ambushes

And struts as much in ready light
fornicatum, aut similis Close-banded durst attaque me, no not sleeping,

Which credit gives him upon sight, structura. An orched covering, a vault, or similar Till they had hird a woman with their gold

As if the rainbow were in tail, structure. This, says Wachter, is the first Breaking her marriage faith to circumvent me.

Seitled on him and his heirs male ;

Milton. Samson Agonistes. signification of the word, which afterwards was

So the young 'squire. Prior. The Camelion. applied, privately, to all (cnclosed) parts or apartI grieve not court-ling thou art started up

CHAMFER, v.) Fr. “ Chanfrain. A chanments of a house, cellas, conacula, dormitoria, A chamber-crilick and dost dine and sup

CHA'MFER, N. ffering, or a channel, furrow, At madam's table, where thou makst all wit and publicly, ad conclavia rationun, et tribunalia

Goe high, or loe, as thou wilt value it.

hollow gutter, or streak, in stone-work," &c. principum.

B. Jonson. To Court-ling. (Cotgrave.) From the Fr. Chambre, cambre, To chumler, is merely, to enclose, shut up.

Maid, I'll conduct ye

Curratus, fornicatus, striatus, sulcatus, curvedl, chamberer is applied by Shakespeare to those

Even to her chamber-door, and there commit ye.

vaulted, furrowed, (Skinner.) And thus of the whose pleasures are in chambers, who are lasci.

Beaum, & Fletch. Mons. Thomas, Act iii. sc. 8.

same origin as chamber, though so differently apvious, wanton, intriguing. And so also chumbering

Auerring notes

plied. in the Bible. Chamber is much used--prefixed, of chamber-hanging, pictures, this her bracelet.

To form or cut furrows, grooves, channels, as chamber-maid.

Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act v. sc. 5.

wrinkles; to furrow, to groove. Any arch, or vault; any hollow, or cave on And the said chamberlains and factors to be appointed by

But eft, when ye count you freed from feare cavity: a protected, or secluded, or retired room the Queene's Majestie, shall have sufficient power to intro

Comes the breme Winter with chamfered browes, or apartment ; whether for lodgment, or council, mit and uptake the fruits and profits aforesaid, in such ful

Full of wrinckles and frosty furrowes. nesse as if speciall letters of factory and chamerlancie were private deliberation or converse—as a bed-chamber,

Spenser. Shepherd's Calendar. February granted to them thereupon.-Knox. Hist. Reform. p. 323. a council-chamber.

The cornell tree is of a deep yellow, whereof are made Where yet there is not laid

the faire bore-speare staves, which shine againe, and be Pouere man wel ofte into hyre chambre heo drou Before a chain ber-maid

studded (as it were) with knots and chamfred betweene, Bothe meseles & other.

R. Gloucester, p. 434.
Discourses so weigh'd as might have serv'd of old

both for decencie and handsomenesse.
For schools, when they of love and valour told.

Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 38. Wan ich ofte was

B. Jonson. Answer to an Ode by 0. Feltham. In chambre mid iny felawer. ther com to me bicas

CHAMLET, n. Sec CAMEL A kind of Ane swythe fair mon with alle.

Id. p. 129.
And yet Appollo is much more ridiculous, if it be so, that

CHA'MLETings. I stuff made of camel's hair; a he sits, giving answers and oracles as touching golden As hye chamberleyn hym brogte, as he rose aday,

Chamletings, is applied chamber-pots, gards and fringes of gold, yea, and tripping stuff made to resemble it. A norire vorto werye, a peyre hose of say.

and stumbling of the foot.-Ilolland. Plutarch, p. 878. to the waving pattern or figures upon it.
“wat hiii cosicced ? thre syllyng" the other
But that in his chamber-pray'rs,

All the strete of Saint Denyce was couered ouer with
Id. p. 390.
Persuade they would the multitude

clothes of sylk and chamlet, suche plentie, as though suche Chambres with chymeneys, and chapeles gaye.

This king too holy is and good.

clothes shulde cost nothing
Piers Pluulman. Crede.
Drummond. du Anti-Curenanter.

Berners, Froissart. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 187.

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He esste,

} Chamm is merely champ.


No muti lisat is not worth 2001. or else 201. in living cor

As foti (ravd on the left land of Arabia, (famous for Toward the south side turned thie thar flete
Twiu w wear any kind of chambict.
plenty of sweet ours.) there lleth a champaign country

Thar fader & thei a chance togider gan mete.
Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1551. placed between Tigrig and Euphrates.

B. Brunne, p. 60. That (vesture) seein d like siluer sprinkled here and there

Ratoyh. History of the World, b. i. e. 3. 8. 12.;

Bote throw a charnie hadde ich a chaunce, and my chief With glittering spangs, shat did like starres appeare,

- Where delscious paradise,


Piers Plouhman, p. 91. hud wav'd vpon, like water chamelol, Now nearer, crows with her cuclosure green,

Seven is my chance, and thin is cink and treye. To hide the metall, which yet euery where As with a rural noun the campain head

Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, 7. 12,587, Bewrayd itselfe.--Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. iv. c. 11. or a steep wildeness, whose hairie sides With thicket overgrown, grotesque and wilde

O thon Cupide, thou Venus, The same shameletings and urdulations we may observe Access denild.

Afillon. Paradise Lost, . iy.

Fortuned by whose ordinance from a like cause in the grains of timber, shapes of plants and flower', variegations of stones, and some ininerals.

So let them be, and, as I was saying,

Orlotte, is ewery man's chance

Ye krowen all myn hole herte.-Gower. Con. A. b. ir
Boybe Iurks, vol. vi p. 401. Bcale io Mr. Boyle.

They their live engines play'd, not staying
Until they reach the fatal champaign

As they joygued them selfe togyders, they came to fygh.
Which th' enemy did then encamp ot.-Judibras, pt.i.c.2. hande to hande, and enforcedde themself to enter the one

into the ships of ile othere, whyche thynge chancedde in (I'MMING.

Far beyond

many of them, for that the place was narrowe. That Malian champain, stretching wide below, And if we boue arrye stronger meate, it must be chammed

Nicolls. Thucydides, fol. 192. Beyond the utmost meanute of the sight afore by the lyurse, & 10 put into the babe's mouthe.

From this aspiring chiff, the hostile camp

Commonly one vnhappines chaunceth not, but another Sir ?'. Mure. Workes, p. 241. Contains yet migheler uurs.--Glorer. Leonidas, D. iii. foloweth.--The Golden Boke, c. 27. But he that repenteth toward the lawe of God and at the

The food, fell from the hils: CHAMPERTY. > sight of the sacrament, or of the breaking, feling, eating,

Fr. Cham-parter, to divide

Dido a den, the Troyan prince the same chamming or drinking, &c.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 316.

CHA'MPERTOR. Sa field into even or due

Chaunced vpon.

Surrey. Virgile. Æxeis, b.ir. parts, (Cotyrave.) See the example from Black.

For that is chanceable which happeneth; and if it happen, CHAMOIZE. A word coined by Shelton.

stone, and an example from Vilson under the there was a time before it happened, when it might haus Mude of the bair of the Chamois. word CHAPLAIN.

not happened: or else it did not happen, and so if chance.

able, not eternal.-Sidney. Arcadia, b.ji. Don Quixote left his soft bed, and nothing lazy put on Thug may ye seen, that wisdoar pe richesse, his chamoiz'd apparel, and his boots, to hide the hole in his Beaute ne sleighte, strengthe ne hardinesse,

And he hath not appointed vs, an vncertaine and chances stocking. ---Shelton. Don Quixote, vol. iv. c. S.

Ne may with Venus holden champartie,

able collict, but doth promise such a reward, to the which we Por as hire liste the world may she gie,

ought to conter all the couseills, studies, and deayres of our CHAMP, v. I know not, says Skinner,

Chancer. The Knightes Tule, 7. 1951. lyft.--Caluine. Foure Godlye Sermons, Ser. 2. Cha'myer. $ whether from the Fr. Champayar, Champirty, campi-pirtilio, ia a bargaiu with a plaintiff or For to pnt our lyfe in danger, without any cosideratio vn. depascere, vel depasci, (as Cotgrave explains it, defendant campuni partire, to divide the land or other matter advisedły, and thuunceubby, is most against nasure.--Id. Ib. to run, feed, graze or pasture in fields,) or from sued for between them, if they prefail at law; whereupon the Gr. Kontev, to devour greedily.

the champertor is to carry on the party's suit at his own Those accidents are called things chauncing, which chaunce expence.--Blackstone, b. iv. e. 10.

about a thing, so that whether these things chaunce, or no, To chump, seems to be distinguished from to

the thing itselfe may be, or though the thing be not, these chaw; the latter being applied to the grinding

CHAMPION, v. Fr. Champione; lt. Cam. inay so thaunce to be. As for example, palenesse may chaunce action of the chaws or jats; the former to the Cha’MPION, n.

“ One that fights before sicknesse, and the same also may chaunce, though a compression of the teeth, unaccompanied by the


man be not sicke, and a maa may be also sicke, and yet na a publick combat in his

thins pale at all. grinding motion of the jaw.

own or another man's quarrel,” (Cotgrave.) Sce Wilson. Logike. Things Chaaneing called Contingentia,

CAMP. In chamber long she stoies, and redy brydled best beseene

Till on a day roaving the field, I chanc'd The palfrey stamies in gold, attired viche, and fetrce he

To champion,---( Shakespeare,) to challenge. A goodly tree farr distant to behold, stampes For goure campion chivaler. chief knyght of gow alle

Loaden with fruit of fairent colours mixt, For pride, and on the forny bit of gold with teeth he Yelt hym recieaunt.

Piers Plouhman, p. 314.

Ruddie and gold. Millon. Paradise Lost, b. in. chumpes.-Phuer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. iv. Sothly, he that despeireth him, is like to the coward

Chaos umpire sits,

And hy decision more imbroiles the fray After whore (Ialyeur) example, Neałces, another painter, champion recreant, that thieth withouten nede. did the like, and apud as well in making froth falling natu

Chaucer. The Persones Tale.

By which he reigns: Dext him high arbiter

Chance governs all. Id. Ib. b. ii. nally from the losses mouth; ransely, lry throwing his Of crueltee the felonie sponge against she talte before him, at what time as he Engendred is of tyrannie,

All which kinds (of lots) howsoever they may seem ehancepainteet a worse-rider cheering and chirking his horze, yet Ayene the whose condicion

ful, are yet ordered by God, as in the Proverb: The lot is jeigui.g hin hard as he champed upon his lit.

God is hymselfe the champion.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii. cast into the lap, but the whole disposition is of the Lord. Holland. Plinie, b. xxxv. c. 10.

Ralegh. Hist. of ine Forld, b. ii. c. 16. s. 2 Then these two champyons were get ope agaynst another, Psyche ohserv'd how they this seriona bit

and so mounted on theyr horses, and behaued them nobly, About that time I chaneed to go to the Prince after supper, into their mouths like sulen hormes took ; for they knowe what perteyned to deades of armes.

and found him in the worst humour that I ever saw him. How mutinously they foam'd and champed it,

Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 61.

Sir W. Temple. Memoirs, 1672–79. And in their bearta the reins aforehand broke, Beaumont. Psyche, c. 20. 5. 249. Rather then so, come fate into the lyst,

It is not, I say, merely in a pious manner of expression, And champion me to th' stterance.

that the Scripture thus ascribes every event to the proviThe courser pow'd the ground with resfless feet.

Shakespeare. Macbeth, Aet iil. sc. I.

dence of God; but it is strictly and philosophically true in And suorling foam'd, arid chump'd the golden lit. Dryden. Palamon & Arcite. Dear country, O I have not hither brought

mature and reason, that there is no such thing as chance or These arms to spoil, but for thy liberties;

accident; js bring evident that these words do not signify One day, playing with a tobacco pipe between my teeth, The sin be on their head that this have wrought,

any thing really existing, any thing that is truly an agent of it happened to break in my mouth, and the spitting out the Who wrong'd me first, and thee do tyrannize,

fle cause of any event; but ibey signify merely men's igno pieces left such a delicious roughness on my tongue, that I I am thy champion, and I seek my right:

rance of the real and immediate cause. evuld not be satisfied till I had champ'd up the remaining Provok'd I am to this by others spite.

Clarke, vol. j. Ser. 98. part of the pipe.--Spectalor, No. 43).

Daniel. Civil Ilars, b. i. Yet besides chance ships of other nations, there come Now Mr. Spee. I desire you would find out some name Then laid the noble championosze strong hond

hither a Portuļnese ship or two every year in their way to for these craving damsels, whether dignited or distinguish'd

Upon th' enchaunter, which had her distrest

Brazil.-Dampier. Voyages, an. 1699. rnder some or all the following denominations, (to wit)

So sore, and with foule outrages opprest. trash-caiers, oatmeal ciewers, pipe chumpers.--Id.

Spenser. Faerie Queenc, b. iii. c. 12.

A man that is out of humour when an unexpected guest

breaks in upon him, and does not care for sacriticing an In hue of snow Next march'd the brave Orsin, famous for

afternoon to every chance comer; that will be the master of His horse, of all Nisæa's breed the choice, Wise conduct, and success in war;

his own time, and the pursuer of his own inclinatin (aparisuir'd in rubies, champs the gold, A skilful leader, stont, severe,

makes but a very unsociable figure in this kind of life. Which rules his mouth.-Glover. The Alhenaid, b. xxiii. Now marshal to the champion bear.-Hudibras, pt. i. c. 2.

Spectator, No. 132. When the tongue-battle was over, and the championess CHAMPAIN, or

If chance, by lonely contemplation led, Champion ground, says Hrad harness'd her peacocks, to go for Sainos, and hear the Some kindred ypirit shall inquire thy fate. CUA MPAIGN, P. Skinner, from the Fr. prayers that were made to her.

Gray. Elegy in a Country Church-yard. Cha’MPAIGN, adj. Champaigne; It. Campagna,

Dryden. Amphitryon, Act i. sc. I.

The superiority of which manner is never more striking, locus campestris, seu aperta planities; an open In a battle, every man should fight as if he was the single than when in a coverson of pictures we en ince to see a pure plain.

From the Lat. Campus. See Camp. champion; in preparations for war, every man should think trait of Titian's hanging by the side of a Fleinish picture, A plain field, large plain, wide and level piece as if the last event depended on his counsel.--Idler, No. 8. (even though that should be of ihe hand of Vandyke,) which

however admirable in other respects, becomes cold and gray of ground, (Cotgrave.)

CHANCE, v. Chance, (" high Arbiter," as in the comparison.--Sir Joshua Reynolds, Disc. 8.
Thus the frcab Clarion being readie dight,

Milton calls him,) and his

Our studies will be for ever, in a very great degree, under Vnio bir iourney did himself addresse,

CHANCE, adj. twin brother “ Accident,” are the direction of chance; like travellers we must take what And with good speed began to take his flight:


merely the participles of we can get, and when we can get it.-Id. Disc. 12. Ouer the Gelds in his franke lustinese,

Cus'NCEABLY. Echeoir, cheoir, and cadere. To
And all the champaine oʻre he soared light.

Spenset. Ariopot mos, s. 19.

Fr. Chaudemelle, say, " It befel me by chance or


caude mellée : Mid. But when th'approaching foes still following he perceives by accident," is absurdiy saying, “ It fell by falling."


Lat. Calida melleia, That he his speed must trust, his usual walk he leaves; (See Tooke.) And o'er the champain llies : which when th'assembly find, See the quotation from Dr. Clarke, and Wil- (Sce Du Cange.) Chaude or Caude, from Caldus Eh follow, as his horse were fonted with the wind. son's Logick.

or Calidus, hot, and Mellée, a squabble, a contiet, Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 13.

from Meler, to mix, G. Douglas renders“ Zephyris felicibus,” to

See the quotation from

Blackstone, All night the dreadless angel imporsul

the chancy windes. Through heav'ns wiele champion held his way, till morn, Chance is used elliptically for perchance, or by wilfully, wee make much more aloe, than if it were crannce

If the offence he committed vpon a prepensed minde, and Wak't by the circling hours, with rosit hand l'abasidi e gates light.-Willos. Paradise Lost, b. vi. chance.

mediy.--Wilson. The Arle of Rhetorike, p. 135. 393

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