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But for he maie not all hym one In sondry places do iustice,

He shall of his riall office

With wise consideracion

Ordeine his deputacion.

Of suche judges, as ben lerned,

Her hedges euen pleach'd,

Like prisoners wildly ouer-growne with hayre, Put forth disorder'd twigs: her fallow leas, The darnell, hemlock, and ranke femetary, Doth root vpon; while that the culter rusts, That should deracinate such sauagery. Shakespeare. Hen. V. Act v. sc. 2. DERANGE, v. See ARRANGE, and DISARDERA'NGEMENT. RANGE. The word is modern; and ryghteous, and yet no manne is deputed of the kyng to though Cotgrave uses desranged in interpreting

So that his people be gouerned

By hem, that true ben and wise.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

Then sayde Absalom vnto hym: se, thy matter is good

heare the.-Bible, 1551. 2 Kings, c. 15.

Now is it profytable and good, that we take hede, make search thereafter, and consydre, not only what hath happened vnto vs of olde: but the shamefull, vnhonest, and noysome thynges, that the debytyes haue now taken in hande before our eyes.-Id. Esther, c. 16.

And yet he wyll be named like the lamb, and Christes deputie or vicar, and wyll haue all power as Christ hathe bothe in heauen and in earthe.-Udal. Reuelacion, c. 13.

I then delivered him the six broad pieces, and telling him, that I was deputed to blushe on your behalfe for the meannesse of the present &c. but he took me off, and said, he thanked you for it, and accepted it as a token of kindyour nesse.-Marvell. Works, vol. i. p. 211.

Some few days after the Parliament was holden at Westminster begun by a deputative commission granted by the Queen to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Treasurer, and the Earl of Derby, and that not without former precedents.-Camden. Queen Elizabeth, an. 1586.

And with a veile the iudge's eyes were hid,
Who should not see the partie but the cause:
God's deputies, which his tribunall reare,
Should have a patient, not a partiall eare.

Stirling. A Parænesis to Prince Henry.

This earle of Bedford as ambassador from the Queene of England, was sent to the Queene of Scots by waie of deputiship to present the person of his mistress.

Holinshed. History of Scotland, an. 1585.

The assembling of persons, deputed from people at great distances one from another, is trouble to them that are sent, and charge to them that send.

Sir W. Temple. Original and Nature of Government.

We see others also in regard to their designment and deputation to offices of power and dignity, although indeed subordinate and inferior to those he received, to be entitled to be the sons of God.-Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 21.

Our Saviour pleads our cause, and manages our affairs there; and the Holy Spirit, as his deputy and vicegerent, duth it here.-Sharp, vol. v. Dis. 2.

He thinks he believes, because he is pleased to take certain points of trust; and to be sure that something is right, of which he himself knows nothing, because another, whom he deputes to think for him, tells him that it is so.

Hoadly. Works, vol. iii. Ser. 2. When I was at Apamea, some of the principal inhabitants of several different cities, complained to me of the excessive appointments that were decreed to their deputies; assuring me that their respective communities were by no means in a condition to support the assessments levied upon them for that purpose.-Melmoth. Cicero, b. iv. Let. 11.

DEQUACE, v. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, To shake down, as if from the Lat. Quatere, to shake. The A. S. Cwys-an, to quash, to crush, to bruise, to squeeze, seems to offer a more satisfactory etymology. Skinner says, q. Dequash. See QUASH.

And thus with s'eight shalte thou surmount and dequace the yuel in their heartes.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

Wherefore (as I sayd) with reason I think, thilk foresaid errours to distroy and dequace.-Id. Ib.


the French part. desrangé.

"Fr. Lesranger,-to disrank, disarray, disorder, to thrust out of his rank, put out of array; turn out of order."

Whether the expence [fine apparel] great as it is, be the greatest evil; but whether this folly may not produce many other follies, an entire derangement of domestic life, absurd manners, neglect of duties, bad mothers, a general corruption of both sexes?-Berkeley. The Querist.

A casual blow, or a sudden fall, deranges some of our internal parts; and the rest of life is distress and misery. Blair, vol. iv. Ser. 18. Both these kinds of monopolies derange more or less the natural distribution of the stock of the society; but they do not always derange it in the same way. Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. iv. c. 7.

It is in the highest degree improbable, and I know not, indeed, whether it hath ever been the fact, that the same derangement of the mental organs should seize different persons at the same time: a derangement, I mean, so much the same, as to represent to their imagination the same objects. Paley. Evidences, vol. i. c. 1. Prop. 2.


to leave.)

Lat. Derelinquere, derelictum, to forsake, to abandon, (de, re, and linquere,

Forsaken, abandoned, deserted, left destitute. And therefore the affections, which these exposed or derelict children bear to their mothers, have no grounds of nature or assiduity, but civility and opinion.

Bp. Taylor. Great Exemplar, pt. i. Dis. 1.

And however such symbolical intimations receive their efficacy from the fancy of the contriver, yet here, whether this apparition [the dove] did intend any such morall representment or no, it is certain that wherever the Holy Spirit does dwell, there also peace and sanctity, meekness and charity, a mortified will, and an active dereliction of our desires do inhabite.-Id. Ib. pt. i. s. 9. Ad.

The state of idolaters is two ways miserable. First, in that which they worship they finde no succour, and secondly, at his hands whom they ought to serue, there is no other thing to be looked for, but the effects of most iust displeasure, the withdrawing of grace, dereliction in this world, and in the world to come confusion.

Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. v. § 17.

You must mean, without an explicite and particular repentance, and dereliction of their errors.

Chillingworth. Rel of Prot. Answer to the Pref. When I am a little disposed to a gay turn of thinking, I consider, as I was a derelict from my cradle, I have the honour of a lawful claim to the best protection in Europe. Savage. The Wanderer, c. 5. Note.

It was one of those subtile artifices of Julian the Apostate, to mingle the images of the heathen Gods with those of the emperors, that the doing reverence (as the Christians were commanded) to all together, might imply a dereliction and renouncing of their religion, and their simplicity seem impiety.-Bates. Elernal Judgment, c. 5.

As those who joined with them in manning the vessels were the most directly opposite to his [Lord Chatham] DEQUANTITATE, v. See QUANTITY; and opinions, measures, and character, and far the most artful and most powerful of the set, they easily prevailed, so as to the example from Beattie, seize upon the vacant, unoccupied, and derelict minds of his friends; and instantly they turned the vessel wholly out of the course of his policy.-Burke. On American Taxation.

This we affirm of pure gold; for that which is current, and passeth in stamp amongst us, by reason of its allay, which is a proportion of silver or copper mixed therewith, is actually dequantitated by fire, and possibly by frequent extinction.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5.

Brown has words still more extraordinary, as feriation, for keeping holiday, dedentition for falling of teeth, dequantitate for diminish.

Beattie. Elements of Moral Science, pt. v. c. 1. s. 3. DERA CINATE, v. Fr. Racine, a root; Lat. Radir, icis; radcina, racine. See Menage. To root up, tear or cut up by the roots.

Frights, changes, horrors

Diuert, and cracke, rend and deracinule The vnity, and married calme of states

Quite from their fixure.

Shakespeare. Troyl, & Cress. Act i. sc. 3. |

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But nowe they that are myne inferyours and younger than I, haue me in derision; yea, euen they whose fathers I would haue thoughte scorne to haue set with the dogges of my cattell.-Bible, 1551. Job, c. 30.

And in the same epistle deridinglie commendeth them, as wise men, that had rather lose their faith than their flocke. Fox. Martyrs, p. 635. Council of Basill.

But loe, the Gods, that mortall follies view,
Did worthilie revenge this maiden's pride;
And nought regarding her so goodly hew,
Did laugh at her, that many did deride.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 7. If Moses had told the Israelites, that Nilus had been a river of Paradise, they might justly have thought that he had derided them. Ralegh. History of the World, b. i. c. 3. s. 14. When Diogenes fell into the school of the Stoicks; he answers his deriders, with this question: Why, do you laugh at me for falling backward, when you yourselves do retrograde your lives?-Feltham, pt. i. Res. 8.

And now and then

A tear or two, as in derision of
The toughness of his rugged temper, would
Fall on his hollow cheeks, which but once felt,
A sudden flash of fury did dry up.

Massinger. The Unnatural Combat, Act. ii. sc. 1 The Persians [were] thence called Magussæi derisively by other ethnicks.-Sir T. Herbert. Travels, p. 243.

Mr. Richard Cromwel, besides other reproachful language, asking him in a deriding manner, whether he would have him prefer none but those that were Godly? "Here, continued he, is Dick Ingoldsby, who can neither pray nor preach, and yet I will trust him before ye all."

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 171.

Of all sorts of sinners, there is the least hopes of a prophane derider and scoffer at religion: other men may do as bad things, but they have something left within them which

may in time reclaim them; but these cast off the very

means of reforming them.-Stillingfleet, vol. iii. Ser. 1.

The appellation of esquire is the most notoriously abused in this kind of any class amongst men, insomuch that it is become almost the subject of derision.—Tatler, No. 19. Meantime, o'er all the dome, they quaff, they feast, Derisive taunts were spread from guest to guest, And each in jovial mood his mate addresst.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. ii. The comick or derisory manner, is further still from making shew of method.

Shaftesbury. Advice to an Author, pt. ii. s. 2. Like the rake of antiquity, who mingled in the audience of a philosopher, with a design to ridicule him, but who was made a convert before his departure, many of the loose and profligate votaries of vice have been enticed by the music, afterwards reformed by the sermon, which they intended to slight, and perhaps had begun to deride.-Knoz. Ess. No. 149.

British policy is brought into derision in those nations, that a while ago trembled at the power of our arms, whilst they looked up with confidence to the equity, firmness, and candour, which shone in all our negotiations.



Burke. On the Present Discontents.

Fr. Dériver; Sp. Derivar; It. Derivare; Lat. Derivare, (de, and rivus, from Pe-e, to flow.) See the quotation from Holland's Livy.

To flow, or cause to flow from, or deflow; to flow down, to descend; to have the source or origin from, to rise or spring from; to take, draw or deduce the source or origin from; generally, to draw, to draw down, to drain, to deduce or educe. Also, to flow, to diffuse. Wel may men knowen, but if he be a fool, That every part deriveth from his hool.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 3008. So through the ryghteousnes of one, which is derived into all suche as beleue and submitte themselfe vnto the kyngtakers of the kyngdome of lyfe.-Udal. Romaines, c. 5. dome of lyfe, are all men of God made righteous and par

Then went hee on still, and shewed what was the solemne and right manner of deriving the water.

Holland. Liry, p. 190.

Ne henceforth be rebellious vnto loue,
That is the crowne of knighthood, and the band
Of noble minds derined from aboue:
Which being knit with virtue neuer will remoue.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 6. Nay, rather, how should those works which are constant and ordinary, and so consequently derivable to all succes sions to the end of the world, be imposed upon a mer extraordinary agent.

Bp. Hall. Episcopacy by Divine Right, pt. ii. s 6.

But this kind of writing, which seems to be reformed, which is, that writing should be consonant to speaking, is branch of unprofitable subtelties; for pronunciation it selfe every day encreases and alters the fashion; and the derivation of words, especially from forrain languages, are utterly defac'd and extinguish't. Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. vi. c. 5. But created beings have but a derivative participation hereof [truth], their understandings being obscure, and they erring in many things, and being ignorant of more.

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 720.

If therefore any humane constitution, as such, can bind the conscience, it must be of such instances which either are derivatives from the law of nature, or of things which before the law did bind at all, that is, of things which in their own nature are indifferent.

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 1.

It is certain, and affirmed by all antiquity upon many grounds of Scripture, That Adam sinned, and his sin was personally his, but derivatively ours; that is, it did great hurt to us, to our bodies directly, to our souls indirectly and accidentally. Id. On Repentance, c. 7. s. 1.

For our experiments are onely such as do ever ascend a degree to the deriving of causes and extracting of axiomes. Bacon. Naturall History, §. 176. I offer these derivements from these subjects, to raise our affections upward. Montague. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 4. s. 4. These grounds have not any patent passages, whereby to derive water and fatness from the river. Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 408. Resume your ancient care; and if the God Your sire, and you, resolve on foreign blood: Know all are foreign, in a larger sense, Not born your subjects, or deriv'd from hence. Dryden. Virgil. Eneid, b. vii.

I might add to all the past dissuasives, the ill repute that curses gain a man amongst the most scrupulous and preciser sort of people, who, judging, of the greatness of the vice by the smallness of the advantage that is derivable from it, will hardly believe him to be the owner of much piety, that will slight it upon so little a temptation.

Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 32. Derivation [of humours] is always made in the remove parts, and according to the rectitude of the vessels, either by opening a vein by lancet, or by the application of leeches, &c.-Wiseman. Surgery, b. ii. c. 1.

The Scripture, in declaring the Son's derivation from the Father, never makes mention of any limitation of time; but always supposes and affirms him to have existed with the Father from the beginning and before all worlds.

Clarke. On the Trinity, pt. ii. 8. 15.

But I think the words should rather be rendered, the antientest of all derivative beings, for so the word [dnucoup nual may be understood in a larger sense.-Id. Ib. s. 14.

Such an one to be sure, it is that makes a man, not only (according to the Apostle's phrase) a partner of other men's sins, but also a deriver of the whole entire guilt of them to himself: and yet so, as to leave the committer of them as full of guilt as he was before.-South, vol. ii. Ser. 6.

If they mean that a contempt of these miracles, which they would persuade us to believe, would necessarily derive the same contempt on history itself, all experience has shown the contrary: for though there have deen doubters and contemners of such miracles in all ages, yet history has maintained its grounds through them all.

Middleton. An Enquiry into the Miraculous Powers, &c. The Apostle, in the preceding verse, had warned Timothy against giving heed to fables and endless genealogies: meaning by genealogies, the derivation of angelic and spiritual natures according to a fantastic system, invented by the oriental philosophers, and thence adopted by some of the Grecian sects.-Hurd, vol. vi. Ser. 8.

Since the disciples of this new and great high priest become righteous in him, and are by the spirit conformed to his image, the character which essentially and inherently belongs only to him, will derivatirely belong to them also, who must follow his steps below, if they would reign with him above.-Horne. Commentary on Psalm 15.

DERN, adj.

A. S. Dyrran, occultare, to hide, to conceal, to secrete. See

DERNFULLY. DARN. Hidden, secreted, concealed. quentially,

Used, conse

Solitary, lonely, sad, dismal, melancholy, mournful, lamentable.

Tho he hadde the kyng in priuete al clene at ys wille,
Sire, he seide of derne cas ich wol the warre stille.
R. Gloucester, p. 114.

Tho thys holy man ymartred was, hii, that hym ther
brogte to.

By thogte how hii mygte best myd the holy body do.
Hii porueyde an derne stude, & ther inne yt caste,
Vyllyche & styllelyche, & bured yt ther vaste.-Id. p. 289.

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For that derne dede. do no man sholde

Bot wedded men with wyves. as holy writ telleth.
Piers Ploukman, p. 181.
And also Dominikes dedes weren dernelich yvsed.
Id. Crede.
Ye mosten be ful derne as in this cas.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3297.
For loue is of him selfe so derne.-Gower. Con. A. b. i.
Gow. By many a dearn and painful perch
Of Pericles the careful search
Is made.

Shakespeare. Pericles, Act iii. Chorus.
Next stroke him should haue slaine
Had not the lady which by him stood bound
Dernely vnto her called to abstaine,
From doing him to dye.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 12.
At last, as chaune't them by a forest side
To pass, (for succour from the scorching ray)
They heard a rueful voice, that dearnly cride
With piercing shriekes, and many a dolefull lay.

Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 1.

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Unweetingly dismay'd,
A cold foreboding impulse thrills his breast:
And who but Kathrin now is dearnly fray'd
When entering in she kens the stranger guest.



Mickle. Syr Martyn, c. 2.

Lat. Derogare, atum;
(de, and rogare, from Gr.
Opeyew, to stretch, to reach
after; and thus, to seek,
to ask, to demand.) Ro-
gare legem proferre, abro-
gare cum tollitur, derogare,

si pars tollatur, (Vossius.) See ABROGATE. And
Festus, Derogare, propriè est, cum quid ex lege
vetere, quo minus fiat, sancitur lege novâ. Dero-
gare ergo detrahere est.-To derogate, then, is—

blished by law or otherwise; to deduct from,
To take or detract, (sc.) from any thing esta-
lessen or diminish the authority, the reputation;
to degrade, disparage, debase.

And neither willeth he, nor may not doe any thinge in-
cluding repugnaunce, imperfection, or that should derogate,
minish or hurt his glory & his name.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1121.

He was of a high rough spirit, and spake derogatorily of Sir Amias Paulet.

Aubrey. Of Cardinal Wolsey, Anec. 2. p. 187. There is no room therefore to object, that we derogate from the majesty of the Father; seeing that whatever majesty we shall ascribe to the Son must all redound to the magnifying of the power of him, who begat a Son of such divinity and majesty.-Clarke. On the Trinity, pt. ii. s. 45.

I hope it is no derogation to the Christian religion, to say that the fundamentals of it, i. e. all that is necessary to be believed in it by all men, is easy to be understood by all men.-Locke. Of the Reasonableness of Christianity, &c.

So vain are the cavils of those who say, we have nothing but meer probabilities for our faith, and do interpret that manner of proof which matters of fact are capable of, in a sense derogatory to the firmness of our Christian faith. Stillingfleet, vol. i. Ser. 5. Let no one imagine that in the religious part of this character there is any thing which casts over it a gloomy shade, or derogates from that esteem which men are generally disposed to yield to exemplary virtues.-Blair, vol. iii. Ser. 1.

False; because their breviaries and litanies shew, that they supplicate the saints to befriend them by their own inherent power, or to intercede for them to the throne of God by virtue of their own personal merits, in blasphemous derogation to the all-atoning and incommunicable intercession of Jesus.-Hurd, vol. v. Ser. 11.

DERRING, in Spenser, seems plainly to mean Daring.

So from immortal race he does proceed

That mortall hands may not withstand his might, Drad for his derring doe and bloudy deed;

For all in bloud and spoile is his delight.

Spenser. Faerie Queene. b. ii. c. 4.
One day, when all the troupe of warlike wooers
Assembled were, to weet whose she should bee;
All mightie men, and dreadful derring doers
(The harder it to make them well agree)
Amongst them all this end he did decree.-Id. Ib. b. iv.
From thence I durst in derring to compare
With shepheards swaine, whateuer fed in field.
Id. Shepheard's Calendar. December.



Fr. Deschanter; It. Biscantare; Sp. Discantar.Descant, Archdeacon Nares

says, is now called variation in musick; and the subject varied was called the plain song or ground. sing or chant. (See CHANT.) As generally apThe word is formed upon the Lat. Cantare, to plied

To touch or treat upon, to discourse upon various
The Cardinall of Winchester, whiche at this time would topics, different heads or divisions of a subject.
To discourse, make remarks or observations.

haue no man to hym egall, commaunded the Duke of Bed-
forde to leaue of the name of Regent, duryng the tyme that
the kyng was in Fraunce: affirmyng the chief ruler beyng in
presence, the authoritie of the substitute was clerely dero-
gate.-Hull, Hen. VI. an. 10.

Than ye stryfe was renewed, which Lamfranke before, as
ye haue harde in the iii. chapitre of Wyllyam Conqueroure,
dyd appeace, & was brought i argumet before the Pope, the
whiche, at the Kynges request, promysed yt he wolde no-
thynge do nor ordeyn yt shulde be derogacion to the Arche-
bysshop of Canterbury, or to the dygnytie of his churche.
Fabyan, vol. i. c. 228.
Oft (that he thus the world may more amaze)
Weake instruments worke wonderfull effects:
That, due to him, none may usurpe one thought,
Nor from his glory derogate in ought.-Stirling. Jonathan.
Into her wombe conuey stirrility,
Drie up in her the organs of increase,
And from her derogate body, neuer spring

A babe to honor her.-Shakespeare. Lear, Act i. sc. 4.
More laught at, that I should

Once name you derogately: when to sound your name
It not concern'd me.-Id. Antony & Cleopatra, Act ii. sc. 2.
There is none so much carried with a corrupt mind, nor so
enuious of his countries honour, nor so bent against you,
that he will derogate the praise and honour due to so worthie
an enterprise.-Holinshed. Ireland, Ep. Ded. by Hooker.

The last week I heard of a play the Jesuits of Antwerp
made, in derogation, or rather in derision of the proceedings
of the Prince Palsgrave.-Howell, b. i. s. 2. Let. 16.

It may rationally be presumed, that I had been a very
senseless fool, if ever I had been for promoting such an
authority and interest over me, as levelled all, and was so
totally destructive to all that differenced myself and other
noblemen, from their own vassals, which many say I was
too earnest in, yea, it being absurdly derogative to all true
nobility.-State Trials. The Marquis of Argyle, an. 1661.

Nor have my actions been derogatory,
Unto my clients profit, or the glory
Of this renowned court, and therefore I

Now humbly beg to be at liberty.

Brome. To the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

And with wresting of Scripture vnto their owne purpose, [they] would so delude them in deskanting vpon it with contrary vnto the processe, order, and meaning of the text, allegoryes, and amaze them, expounding it in many sences layed before the vnlearned laye people, that though thou felt in thy heart, and were sure that all were false that they sayd, yet couldest thou not solue their subtile ryddells.

Tyndall. Works. Life.
In somuch that twenty doctours expounde one text xx.
wayes, as children make descant vpon playne song.
Id. Ib. p. 168.
For, otherwise, it had been very unequally provided that
upon the descanting and flourishes of affected speeches, a
man's life should be brought into danger and extremity.
State Trials. Edmund Campion. an. 1581.
Once, when this match was at a point,
They, merrily disposed,

Did descant what from vulgar tongues
Thereof would be supposed.

Warner. Albion's England, b. vi. c. 29.

So I at each sad strain will strain a tear,
And with deep groans the diapason bear;
For burthen-wise I'll hum on Tarquin still,
While thou on Tereus descant'st, better skill.

Shakespeare. Rape of Lucrece.
Andi. Lingua, thou strikest too much upon one string,
Thy tedious plain-song grates my tender ears.
Lin. 'Tis plain indeed, for truth no descant needs.
Brewer. Lingua, Act i. sc. 1.

I soon discovered the malady, and descanted on the nature of it, till I convinc'd both the patient and his nurse, that the spleen is not to be cured by medicine, but by poetry.

Tatler, No. 47.

Let every sober, humble, and discreet Christian therefore be advised to dread all tampering with the mysteries of our faith, either by any new, and unwarrantable explications of them, or descants upon them.-South, vol. iii. Ser. 6.

The scene is so fatally altered, that I can scarce restrain myself from giving vent to a just indignation, in severe complaints: but an historian must tell things truly as they are, and leave the descanting on them to others.

Burnet. Own Time, an 1718,

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For know the lively scene, That you still more enliven, to my soul Darts inspiration, and impels the song

To roll in bolder descant.-Mason English Garden, b. ii. Fr. Déscendre; Sp. DeIt. Discendere ; scender; Lat. Descendere, (de, and scandere, to climb.)


To climb down; generally, to come or go down; to fall or drop down; to move or go from higher to lower, on a slope, to or towards the bottom.

To move or flow downwards; to be derived or deduced from, to follow in succession of time, (sc.) from generation to generation.

Descendent, though from descendens, is not uncommonly written -ant.

Gour wrath him forgyue, the trespas to amend,
In pes with gow to lyue, & at gour conseil descend.
R. Brunne, p. 134.
Alle that Leulyn held lond and tenement,
Holy to haf the scheld thorgh heritage descend.


direct But the torrent was too strong to be resisted by any strength he could raise against it, and therefore he resolv'd to endeavour to diuide and reduce them by the most gracious descending to their pretended fears and apprehensions. Clarendon. Civil War, vol. i. p. 370.

We hear these accents in an awful sound: Ye valiant sons of Troy, the land that bore Your mighty ancestors to light before, Once more their great descendants shall embrace. Dryden. Virgil. Eneid, b. lli. Which was, from the beginning, a very plain declaration, that God did not principally intend his promise, to take place in Abraham's descendents according to the flesh; but in those who, by a faith or fidelity like his, were in a truer and higher sense the children and followers of that great father of the faithful.-Clarke. On the Evidences, Prop. 14.

As every motion is bounded with two periods and terms; the one relinquished, the other to be acquired by it; so in Christ's descension we are to consider both the place from which it did commence, and the place to which it did proSouth, vol. vii. Ser. 1. ceed: The place from whence, we are told, was heaven. Muse, raise thy voice to Beaufort's spotless fame, To Beaufort, in a long descent derived From royal ancestry, of kingly rights Faithfull asserters.

J. Philips. Cider, b. i.

I ask by what natural sagacity did the patriarch foresee that Shem's family, rather than any branch of the other two, should retain the knowledge and worship of Jehovah? that the condition of slavery should be fixed upon a particuId. p. 243. lar branch of Ham's descendants. Bp. Horsley, vol. ii. Ser. 17.

And sythen his blessed body was in a stone byried
And descended a doun to the derk helle.
Piers Plouhman. Crede.
For swifter course cometh thing yt is of wight
When it discendeth than don thingis light.

Chaucer. Troilus, b. ii.

Ransake yet we would if we might
Of this worde the true orthographie
The verie discent of ethimologie.-Id. Remedie of Loue.
And sondry vessels made of earthe and glas,
Our urinales, and our descensories,
Viols, croslettes, and sublimatories.

Id. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,260.

To be briefe, where it is sayde: he ascended, doth it not consequently folowe, that he before descended? And there is no descension but from aboue: so that the descencion is before, and the ascension after.-Udal. Ephesians, c. 4.

This descending of the heuenly citie Jerusalem or holy Chrysten churche sygnifieth the comon felowshyp and participacion of the churche triumphant that reygnyth in victory, with the churche mylytant, that contyneweth and remaineth in battel and warefare.-Id. Reuelacion, c. 21.

Therefore it shall not bee farre from our purpose to examine the first originall of these blacke men, and howe by a lincall discent they haue hitherto continued thus blacke. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 52.

At length, when most in perrill it was brought
Two angels downe descending with swift flight,
Out of the swelling streame it lightly caught,
And twixt their blessed armes it carried quight,
Aboue the reach of any liuing sight.

Spenser. The Ruins of Time.

If there had been yet an absolute necessity of visible intellectual creatures, to be participants of his goodness, and the active instruments of his glory; the same power that created men at first, could have created a new generation of men, that might have supplied the defection of our first parents and their descendants.

Hale. Cont. Of the Knowledge of Christ Crucified. Against these descendents the church doth not press the canon-law, though against the former sort it did, and had just cause given so to doe.

Hammond. Works, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 593.

There shall your lordships also find us to insist upon laws not inflicting penalties upon offenders. in malis prohibitis, but laws declarative or positive, conferring or confirming, ipso facto, an inherent right and interest of liberty and freedom in the subjects of this realm, and as their birth rights and inheritance descendable to their heirs and posterity."

State Trials. Liberty of the Subject, an. 1628.

So pure an innocent as that same lambe,
She was in life and euery vertuous lore,
And by descent from royall lineage came
Of ancient kings and queens.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. I.
So growing great through arrogant delight,
Of th' high descent, whereof he was yborne,
And through presumption of his matchlesse might
All other powres and knighthood he did scorne.

Id. Ib. b. i. c. 7. Of these kind of men are the civil officers of this government generally composed, being descended of families who have many times been constantly in the magistracy of their native towns for many years, and some for several ages.

Sir W. Temple. On the United Provinces, c. 4.

Or lastly, whether it only means that, in general, those who take by the name of heirs, must take in the capacity of heirs, that is by descent; and consequently, that their ancestor must have a descendible estate. Sir W. Jones. Commentary on Isæus.

And therefore, as the English laws still remained in force, he must necessarily take the crown subject to those laws, and with all its inherent properties; the first and principal of which was its descendibility. Blackstone. Commentaries, b. i. c. 3.

The united provinces having ordered public prayer to God, when they feared that the French and English fleets would make a descent upon their coasts, it came to pass, that when these fleets only waited for the tide to land their smaller vessels, it was retarded, contrary to its usual course, for twelve hours.-Jortin. Remarks on Eccles. History.


Written by old writers, Descrive. It. Descrivere ; Sp. Describir; Lat. Describere, (de, and scribere, to write, to grave.)

To write, to mark out, to trace out, to delineate, to depicture; to define, trace or mark out the boundaries; to present or represent the likeness or similarity.

Tho this August hadde y be emperour two & fourti ger, He let make a descriuing, that ymad nas neuer er. R. Gloucester, p. 60. Thanne cam Covetyse ich can nat hym discryve So hongerliche and so holwe.-Piers Ploukman, p. 97. And it was don in tho dayes, a maundement wente out fro the Emperour August, that al the worlde schulde be discryued [describi]. This first discryuyng [descriptio] was mad of Cyryn Justise of Syrye.-Wiclif. Luk, c. 2.

Who could tell all or fully discrive

His wo, his plaint, his languor, and his pine:
Nat all the men that han or been on liue.
Chaucer. Troilus, b. v.

Now to the temple of Diane the chaste
As shortly as I can I wol me haste,
To tellen you of the descriptioun.

ld. The Knightes Tale, v. 2055. And the me departed & walked thorow the lande, and described it by cities into seuen parts in a boke. Bible, 1551. Joshua, c. 23. Diligence also must be used in keepyng truly the order of tyme; and describyng lyuely both the site of places and nature of persons, not only for the outward shape of the body, but also for the inward disposition of the mynde. Ascham. Discourse of Germany.

The descrubers of yt primatiue church, Egesippus & Eusebius, maketh no maner of mencion of that prestysh vowe of yours.-Bale. Apology, fol. 18.

And when they be ashamed of all theyr workes, then shewe theym the fourme and fashyon of the temple: the commynge in, the goynge oute, all the maner and descripcyon thereof.-Bible, 1551. Ezechiel, c. 43.

How shall fraile pen discriue her heauenly face
For feare through want of skill her beautie to disgrace.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3.

Yet indeed the ignorance, growing from distance of place, allows not such liberty to a describer, as that which ariseth from the remediless oblivion of consuming time.

Ralegh. History of the World, b. ii. c. 23.

By strange descriptions mystically showne,
He figur' forth the state of every age.

Stirling. Doomes-day. Eighth Houre. In all which description there is no one passage which does not speak something extraordinary and supernatural of the person described, and withal represent the describer [Isaiah] of it in the highest degree of extasy and rapture. South, vol. iii. Ser. 9.

Keill has reckoned up, in the human body, four hundred and forty-six muscles, dissectible and describable; and hath assigned a use to every one of the number. Paley. Natural Theology, c. 9.

Here then the Muse, tho' perfect beauty towers
Above the reach of her descriptive powers,
Yet will she strive some leading rules to draw
From sovereign nature's universal law.



Sir J. Reynolds. Art of Painting, v. 92.


Dut. Schreyer; Ger. Schreier; Sw. Skria, to cry out, to vociferate. A. S. Schrewing, a crying out, a shrieking. Skry, Scotch, is of common occurrence in G. Douglas; and the Glossarist says, The word is frequently used on the Scottish border for cry: as to skry a fair; to proclaim it." The Fr. Descrier, décrier, down. is applied as the Eng. Decry, i. e. to cry (See ASCRY.) Skinner says, Descry is, in common speech, merely to detect; properly, to detect, discover or make known by a loud cry; a cry Joy or encouragement. Such for instance as the Italiam, Italiam, of the comrades of Æneas; and The Sea, The Sea, of the soldiers of Xenophot.. (Anab. lib. iv.) And thus, generally, to descry, is


To act as scout, as spy, (watching the enemy for instance, and crying or proclaiming their approach;) to spy into, investigate or examine, detect or discover.

Thus yourselfe your counsail may descrie,
Make priuy to your deling as few as ye may,
For iii. may kepe counsel if twain be away.

Chaucer. Balade. Secretnesse.

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O yes! if any happy eye

This roving wanton shall descry;
Let the finder surely know,
Mine is the wag; 'tis I that owe
The winged wand'rer, and that none
May think his labour vainly gone,
The glad descrier shall not miss
To taste the nectar of a kiss

From Venus' lips.-Crashaw, Cupid's Crier.

Edg. But by your fauour:

How neere's the other army?

Gent. Neere, and on speedy foot: the maine desery Stands on the hourely thought.

Shakespeare, King Lear, Activ. sc. 6. Antonius caused to be fortified with bastilions, one placed so neere to another, as trumpets being appointed in each of them, the sound might be heard betwixt to warne one another vpon the first descrieny of the enimies approach.

Holinshed. History of Scotland. Donald. Lucullus took one of the greatest of them [boats], put it in a cart, and so carried it to the sea, and there put as many souldiers in her as she could well carry, who by night entered into the city, the skout of the enemies never diacrying thein. North. Plutarch, p. 426

Through this we pass, and round the tow'r from whence
With unavailing arms the Trojans make defence.
From this the trembling king had oft descry'd
The Grecian camp, and saw their navy ride.

Dryden. Virgil. Eneid bit For now, saith he, we know only in part, and we prophecy in part. Now we see through a glass darkly, as om ev OTPOU] through a descrying-glass, which makes some sinal and imperfect discovery of things at a great distance. Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 113.

As one, descrying in the woodland heights
A dreadful serpent, at the sight recoils,
His limbs quake under him, his ruddy cheeks
Turn deadly pale, he flies, he disappears.

DE SECRATE, v. Į DESECRATION. unhallowed, profaned.

Cowper. Homer. Iliad, b. iii. Désacrer,

Sleep hath forsook and giv'n me o'er

To death's benumbing opium as my only cure:
Thence faintings, swoonings of dispair,

And sense of heaven's desertion. Millon. Samson Agon.

'Twere easie and prone (and not at all improbable) for us to insensibly into and swear

hallow. Lat. Desecratus, fealty to Satan, that hath entertain' us so pieties, tos vad See CONSECRATE.

For it cannot with decency be imagined, that the most

holy vessel, which was once consecrated to be a receptacle of the Deity, should afterwards be desecrated and prophaned by human use.-Bp. Bull, vol. i. Ser. 4.

When animosities break forth, and contentions are raised in the church, "fire is cast into the sanctuary;" when the soul sinks under a temptation, the dwelling-place of God's name is desecrated to the ground. Horne. On the Psalms, Ps. 74. Having with great concern, observed that various profanations of the sabbath have of late years been evidently gaining ground among us, so as to threaten a gradual deseeration of that holy day, I must very earnestly request you to exert your utmost efforts within the precincts of your parishes that are committed to your care, to counteract, as much as possible, the progress of this alarming evil.

Porteus. On the Profanation of the Lord's Day.






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To disjoin, to dissever, to sunder or separate from; to depart from, forsake, quit, leave or abandon.

A desert,-(frequently, though improperly, written desart,) any place deserted, forsaken, quitted, left or abandoned, (sc.) by all inhabitants, settlers, &c. And, therefore

A wilderness, a wild, waste, untilled, uncultivated or uninhabited place.

The decyples, that he hyder sonde, Cristendom to brynge, Byleuede in a wyldernesse, after prechynge, That me cleputh now Glastynbury, that desert was tho. R. Gloucester, p. 232. As it is wrytun in the book of the wordis of Isaye the profete, the voys of a crier in desert, make ye redy the waye of the Lord, make ye his pathis right.-Wiclif. Luk, c. 3.

And whanne Jhesus had herde this thing, he wente out fro thennis in a boot into disert place bisidis. Id. Matthew, c. 14. Thou were that one shepe emongs the hundred, [which] were lost in desart, and out of the waye had erred, and now to the flocke art restored.

Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. i.

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What flying of her company and desertnes, when euery mother will keepe not only their daughters, but also their sonnes from the inspection of such an vnthrifty maid.

Vives. The Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. i. c. 7. The desertnesse of the countrey lying waste & saluage, did nothing feare them from coming to him.-Udal. Luke, c. 5.

Hadst thou before thy flight but left with me
A young Æneas, who, resembling thee,
Might in my sight have sported, I had then
Not wholly lost, nor quite deserted been.

Denham. The Passion of Dido for Æneas.

The seuen holie ilands are desert and breed nothing but a kind of wild sheepe which are often hunted, but seldom or neuer eaten.-Holinshed. Description of Britaine, c. 10. Neither could Moses forget the length of the way through those discomfortable desarts wherein himself and Israel had wandered 40 years.

Ralegh. History of the World, b. ii. c. 4. s. 2. Meanwhile this youth like a poor shepherd clad, (Of whom such care the God of Israel had) His father's flock was following day by day Upon a desert near at hand that lay.

Drayton. David & Goliah.

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suddenly to engage so deep under his colours, that there would be no retiring with honour, no returning to God without being infamous, without undergoing the brand of apostates from Satan, of a kind of fodi-fragi, covenantbreakers, and desertors.-Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 534.

Cleave to a wife, but let her be a wife, let her be a meet help, a solace, not a nothing, not an adversary, not a

desertrice.-Milton. Tetrachordon.

When churls rebel against their native prince,
I arm their hands, and furnish the pretence;
And, housing in the lion's hateful sign,
Bought senates and deserting troops are mine.
Dryden. Palamon & Arcile.

Tell her that's young,
And shuns to have her graces spy'd,
That hadst thou sprung

In deserts where no men abide,

Thou must have uncommended dy'd.-Waller. Song.

But rough, in open air he chose to lye;
Earth was his couch, his cov'ring was the sky.
On hills unshorn, or in a desart den,
He shunn'd the dire society of men.

Dryden. Virgil. Eneid, b. xi.
Slaves, who before did cruel masters serve,
May flie to desarts, and in freedom starve.
The noblest part of liberty they loose,
Who can but shun, and want the power to choose.
Id. The Rival Ladies, Act iv. sc. 1.

No more excuses or delays: I stand
In arms prepar'd to combat, hand to hand,
The base deserter of his native land.

Id. Virgil. Eneid, b. xii. Neither surely was it any other cause than excess of love, which made that temporary desertion [by God] so grievous and bitter to him, extorting from his most meek and patient heart that wooful complaint, My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 23.

Moses fasted in the desert forty days and nights before he gave the law: so did Elias, the restorer of the law; and so did Christ before he entered into his ministry.

Jortin. Remarks on Ecclesiastical History.

When I questioned the petty officer concerning what had happened on shore, he told me, that neither the natives who went with him, nor those whom they met on their way, would give them any intelligence of the deserters.

Cook. Voyages, vol. i. b. i. c. 16.

It being no uncommon thing to see malefactors die stupid and senseless, and go out of the world as wickedly as they have lived in it; and what can this be attributed to, but to the desertion of God's Holy Spirit, which will not always strive with sinners, but sometimes leaves them to perish in the hardness of their hearts.-Sherlock. On Death, Dis. 24.




or ill.

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Desert,-formed from the past part. deserved, deserv'd, desert.

He, that mygtuol ys Dethe [doth] after oure deserte.-R. Gloucester, p. 253. I herd neuer telle, for what maner discert.

R. Brunne, p. 316. Thei asken hure huyre. [their hire] er thei hit have deservede.-Piers Plouhman, p. 53.

The best and greatest of valour
Didden Richesse full great honour,
And busie weren her to serue,
For that they would her loue deserue.

Chaucer. The Rom. of the Rose.
Thus wicked tong, God yeve him shame,
Can put hem euerichone in blame
Without desert and causelesse.-Id. Ib.

For they haue pryuily layed theyr net to destroye me without a cause, yea and made a pytte for my soule, whiche I neuer deserued.-Bible, 1551. Psalm 35.

For more is to be done for ye deseruour than for the exactour, more for the louyng maister than imperious comaundyng maister.-Udal. 1 Timothye, e 6.


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But this we must desire of his highness, and of your goodness, that you would not require more from us, by reason of his majesty's great deservings of us, than we can without offending God perform; and then you may assure yourselves of all the good offices which can be expected from us.-Slate Trials. Divorce of Catharine of Arragon, an. 1528. It cannot be, but this so great desart

In basest breast doth breede thus due regarde, With worlde of thankes, to praise this friendly part And wish that woorth mought pay a iust rewarde. E. C. in Prayse of Gascoigne's Posies. For-thy great wonder were it, if such shame Should ever enter in his bountious thought, Or euer doe that mote deseruen blame: The noble courage neuer weeneth ought, That may vnworthy of itselfe be thought.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 2. The valiant Cecil last, for great employment fit, Deservedly in war the lat'st of ours that rose; Whose honour euery hour, and fame still greater grows. Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 18.

And this disposition ariseth out of two things: first, a thorough conviction of a man's sins, and the offence to God in them, and obnoxiousness and deservedness to be destroyed for them.-Goodwin. Works, vol. i. pt. fii. p. 170.

Besides this, to Elwes your majesty has given an estate, (which is a greater gift than life, because it extends to posterity,) who was the worst deserver in this business.

State Trials. Murderers of Sir T. Overbury, an. 1616. Then Sir John Bushie stept foorth, and made request on the behalfe of the communaltie, that it might please the king's highnesse for their heinous acts attempted against his lawes and roiall maiestie, to appoint them punishment according to their deseruings.-Iolinshed. Rich. II. an. 1397.

Is this the joy of armes? be these the parts Of glorious knighthood, after bloud to thirst And not regard due rights and iust desarts?

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 2 Till I be more desertful in your eye; And till my duty shall make known, I honour ye, Noblest of women, do me but this favour, To accept this back again, as a poor testimony. Beaum. & Fletch. Wild Goose Chase, Act iv. sc. 6 He shew'd his generous spirit; all the town Speak nobly of him, pity him and pray for him; And, were he not desertful, by this time The general vote had hang'd him.

Anonymous. The Gamester, Act ii. If mine [friend] be but so wise, and apprehensive, As my opinion gives him to my heart,

It stayes not long on thy desertless arme.

Beaum. & Fletch. Wit at several Weapons, Act iii. sc. 1. Bac. But now people will call you valiant, desertlessly I think, yet for their satisfaction I will have you fight with me.-Id. Ib. A King and no King, Act iii.

If these words seem not decent enough, I will make no other apology, but that I use them because I cannot find worse for as they are the worst of men, so they deserve the worst of language.-Burnet. Own Time, vol. iv. Conclusion. If we speak of our desert, that is death, death is the only wages we have all deserved.—Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 90.

And in all his illness, which lasted some yeers, she [the queen] would never leave his bed; but sat up, sometimes half the night, in the bed by him, with such care and con cern, that she was looked on, very deservedly, as a pattern in

this respect.-Burnel. Own Time, an. 1708.

But after-days, my friend, must do thee right,
And set thy virtues in unenvy'd light,
Fame due to vast desert is kept in store,
Unpaid, till the deserver is no more.

Congreve. To Sir Godfrey Kneller. Among all the ancient records in the Exchequer, Doomesday book is deservedly of the greatest reputation and value. Priestley. On History, Lect. 31.

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But where there is moisture enough, or superfluous, there wine helpeth to disgest, and desiccate the moisture. Bacon. Nat. Hist. § 727. They speak much of the elementary quality of siccity, or drienesse: and of things dessicating. Id. Ib. The History of Life and Death And it is well to be noted, that the pneumatical substance is in some bodies, the native spirit of the body; and in some other, plain air that is gotten in, as in bodies desiccate, by heat or age. Id. Ib. § 842.

3 X

Desiccation or consumption, in the process thereof, is finished by three actions; and all these (as was said before) have their original from the native spirit of bodies. Bacon. The History of Life and Death. All those authors that have written of mineral waters, do generally agree, that they are of a desiccative or drying nature.-Ferrand. Love of Melancholy (1640.) p. 358.

We endeavour by moderate detergents & desiccants, to cleanse and dry the diseased parts.




Wiseman. Surgery, b. viii. c. 5.

Pra-siderare cum maturiùs hiberna tempestas movetur, quasi ante sideris tempus. Gr. Προ-χειμαζειν ; sic desiderare, sit ano-Xeluage, cum sideris tempus desit; unde desiderari dicuntur quæ desunt:whence those things are said to be desiderated or desired, which are wanting, (Festus.) See Vossius, in v. Sidus. Pliny speaks at large, (lib. xviii. c. 26,) of the different stars, which mark or announce to the husbandman the approach and progress of the different seasons.

To look anxiously for, to wish, seek for or covet, (sc.) any thing deficient or wanting; any thing whose coming promises good, (sc.) as certain stars or constellations to the husbandmen. Desideratum is in common use.

My name is True loue-of cardinal desidery. the very exemplary. Chaucer. Ballade. Craft of Louers. So these are the parts which in the knowledge of medicine, touching the cure of diseases, are desiderate.

Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. iv. c. 2.

Having acquired our end, if any way, or under any name, we may obtain a work so much desired, and yet desiderated of truth.-Brown. Vulgar Errours. To the Reader.

And most men verily are of the same nature, passing good and desiderable things.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 124.

You may readily understand what I mean, when you meet with any particulars delivered as thoughts, or desiderata, or wishes tending to, or aiming at the improvement of medicine.-Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 584.

The verbs, called deponent, desiderative, frequentative, inceptive, &c. need not be considered here, being found in some languages only, and therefore not essential to speech.

Beattie. Elements of Moral Science, pt. i. c. 1. s. 3

Pencils of light, passing through glass lenses, are separated into different colours, thereby tinging the object, especially the edges of it, as if it were viewed through a prism. To correct this inconvenience had been long a desideratum in that art.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 3.

DESIDIOUSNESS. Lat. Desidia, desidiosus, a desidendo, id est, valde sedendo; sitting too much. Slothfulness, idleness, carelessness.

Now the Germans perceiving our desidiousness and negligence, do send daily young scholars hither, that spoileth them (ancient authors] and cutteth them out of libraries, returning home and putting them abroad as monuments of their own country, &c.

Leland, to Secretary Cromwell, in Wood's Athena.

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And therefore, whatsoeuer wicked designement shal be conspired and plotted against her majesty hereafter, shall be thought to be conspired, plotted, and intended against the Almighty himselfe.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 619.

For as the soul's essential pow'rs are three;
The quick'ning pow'r, the pow'r of sense and reason;
Three kinds of life to her designed be,
Which perfect these three powr's in their due season.
Davies. Immortality of the Soul, s. 33.

Why do ye seek for feigned Palladines,
(Out of the smoke of idle vanity,)
Who may give glory to the true designs
Of Bouchier, Talbot, Nevile, Willoughby?

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. v.

A very small portion of any ingenious art will stop up all ། those gaps of our time: either music, or painting, or designing, or chemistry, or history, or gardening, or twenty other things, will do it usefully and pleasantly. Cowley. Ess. Of Solitude.

Twere more to his purpose to demand, what advantageth it him to gain not one atome, or most diminutive part of the world, not the least acquisition of any thing desirable even to the carnal man, satisfactory to any part of his appetite, save that in a manner Platonick, designless of love of sinning, and ruining his own soul, and yet to do that as sure, as if he had Satan's totum hoc, his whole exchequer of wealth and honour in exchange for it?-Hammond. Works, vol. ii. The second bulwark was the heating sense, Gainst which the second troupe designment makes. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii, c. 11. After this hee presented himselfe againe at sundry times and that to this purpose (as may probably be coniectured) to hold her still in his possession, who was not able, eyther to look further into these subtilties, then the superficiall barke thereof, or not discover the depth of his designements.

State Trials. Mary Smith, an. 1616.

Since then, the power of all natural agents is limited, the mover (be it never so powerful) must be confined to observe these proportions, and cannot pass over all these infinite

designable degrees in an instant.-Digby. Of Bodies, c. 9.

He is an High Priest and a Saviour all-sufficient. First, by his Father's eternal designation, Psalm lxxxix. 90. I have laid help upon one that is mighty, &c. Hopkins, Ser. 25. Again the atomick atheists further alledge, that though there be many things in the world, which serve well for vses, yet it does not at all follow that therefore they were made intentionally and designedly for those vses.

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 670.

It being the usual method in which divine providence delighteth it self, to use and sanctify those very means, which ill men design for the satisfaction of private and particular ends and ambition, and other wicked purposes, to wholesome and publick ends, and to establish that good which is most contrary to the designers.

Clarendon. Civil War, vol. iii. p. 743.

Now what has Ajax done, or what design'd?
A noisy nothing, and an empty wind.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xiii.

To whom the Thunderer made this stern reply;
My household curse, my lawful plague, the spy
Of Jove's designs, his other squinting eye!
Why this vain prying, and for what avail?

Id. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii.

The designable parts of these corpuscles are therefore unseparable, because there is no vacuity at all intercepted between them.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 413.

And a wise designation of time this is, well becoming the divine care and precaution; serving for the recruiting our bodies, and dispatching our affairs, and at the same time to keep up a spiritual temper of mind.

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c. 6.

As for the reason hereof, I shall refer to the opticians, hath designedly handled this point. particularly the famous Kepler, who in his Opticis Astronom.

Id. Astro-Theology, Ded.

Both these, Sir William D'Avenant had began to shadow; but it was so, as first discoverers drew their maps, with headlands, and promontories, and some few outlines of somewhat taken at a distance, and which the designer saw not clearly.-Dryden. Of Heroick Plays. An Essay.

All is drawn over with dusky shades, and irregular fea. tures of base designfulness, and malitious cunning. Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 7. Ignorantly thankful creature, thou beggest in such a way, that by what would appear an antedated gratitude, if it were not a designless action, the manner of thy petitioning before

hand, rewards the grant of thy request.

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 359.

and happy lucks at play are not rashly or designlessly shufSince Solomon does discreetly affirm, that all the cross fled by a blind hazard, but are dispensed by an all-ruling Providence.-Id. Ib. vol. vi. p. 80.

And the rather, because whilst men, by the coldness of the season, are more than ordinarily careful, to stop up the passages, at which the external air may get in, they do, though designlessly, stop up the vents, at which the subterraneous exhalations might go out.-Id. Ib. vol. ii. p. 675.

We sufficiently understand that the scenes which represent cities and countries to us, are not really such, but only painted on boards and canvass: but shall that excuse the ill painture or designment of them?

Dryden. Essay. Of Dramatick Poesie.

Ask of politicians the end for which laws were originally designed; and they will answer, that the laws were designed as a protection for the poor and weak, against the oppression of the rich and powerful.-Burke. Vindic, of Nat. Society.

Is their original mode of instruction and discipline altered. By no means. Are the instructors of a different description from those designated by the founders? By no means." Knox. On Grammar Schools.

The only difference between God's appointment, of the Judges and of Saul being this, that they were chosen by internal impulse, He, by lots, or exterual designation. Warburton. Divine Legation, b. v. s. 3.

The machine, which we are inspecting, demonstrates, by its construction, contrivance and design. Contrivance must have had a contriver, design, a designer; whether the machine immediately proceeded from another machine or not. Paley. Natural Theology, c. 2,

This designment appears both iniquitous and absurd. Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. ii. s. 4,





Lat. Desinere, desinens, to leave off, to cease; de, and sinere.

Leaving off, ending, terminating.

In front of this sea were placed six Tritons, in moving and sprightly actions, their upper parts humane, save that their haires were blue, as partaking to the sea-colour; their desinent parts fish, mounted above their heads, and all varied in disposition.-B. Jonson. Masque of Blacknesse.

In their poesies, the fettering together the series of the verses, with the bonds of like cadence or desinence of rhyme, which, if it be unusually abrupt, and not dependent in sense upon so near affinity of words, I know not what a loathsome kind of harshness and discordance it breedeth to any judicial ear.—Bp. Hall. Postscript to Satires.

4. Inceptives and desitives, which relate to the beginning or ending of any thing; as, the Latin tongue is not yet forgotten. No man before Orpheus wrote Greek verse. Peter, Czar of Muscovy, began to civilize his nation.


Watts. Logic, pt. ii. c. 2. s. 6.

Fr. Désirer; Sp. Desear; It. Disiare or Desiderare. See DESIDERate.

To wish for, covet, long for, to be eager to obtain; to have a love or passion for; to ask for, intreat, require or demand.

See the quotations from Locke and Cogan.

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Of the north Suane had a partie, the south he desired.
R. Brunne, p. 42.
Ye ben of the fadir the Deuil, and ye wolen do the desires
of youre fadir.-Wiclif. Jon, c. 8.

My liege lady, generally, quad he,
Women desiren to han soverainetee,
As well over hir hosbond as hir love,
And for to ben in maistrie him aboue.
This is your most desire, though ye me kille
Doth as you list, I am here at your wille.

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6623.
For my desiring

Was him to seen ouer all thing
His countenaunce and his manere.-Id. Rom. of the Rose.
Yong, fresh, and strong, in armes desirous,
As any bacheler of all his hous.

Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,337. Affeccion of this instrument is a thinge, by whiche ye bee drawe desirously any thinge to wilne in coueitcus maner, all be it for the tyme out of your mind.

Id. The Testament of Loue, b. iii.
And so there whyle I me reioie,
Unto my herte a great desyre,
The whiche is hotter than the fire,

All sodenliche upon me renneth.-Gower. Con. A. b. vi.
Wyfeles he was, Florent he hight,
He was a man, that mochell might:
Of armes he was desyrous.-Id. Ib. b. i.

Whereas God wil haue heuen so sore desyred and sought for, that he wyll haue the desyrers thereof, set by the plea sures of this worlde, not onely nothyng at all, but also seke for the contrary and suffer displeasure and payne.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1290. For it [the lawe] knew yt theyr heartes wer desyrful of reuenging. Udal. Matthew, c. 5.

Ye haue heard it wt your eares, but ye haue need of readie & desirefull heartes, if ye wil be apt to receiue so great a blissefulnes.-Id. Luke, c. 4.

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