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But for he maie not all hym one

Her hedges euen pleach'd,

But nowe they that are myne inferyours and younger than In sondry places do iustice,

Like prisoners wildly ouer-growne with hayre,

I, haue me in derision; yea, euen they whose fathers 1 He shall of his riall office

Put forth disorder'd twigs : her fallow leas,

would haue thoughte scorne to haue set with the dogges of Witn wise consideracion

The darnell, hemlock, and ranke femetary,

my cattell.- Bible, 1551. Job, c. 30. Ordeine his deputacion.

Doth root vpon; while that the culter rusts,
Of suche iudges, as ben lerned,
That should deracinate such sauagery.

And in the same epistle deridinglie commendeth them, as So that his people be gouerned

Shakespeare. Hen. V. Act v. sc. 2. wise men, that had rather lose their faith than their flocke.

Fox. Martyrs, p. 635. Council of Basil.
By hem, that true ben and wise.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

But loe, the Gods, that mortall follies view,
Then sayde Absalom vnto hym: se, thy matter is good
Dera'NGEMENT. RANGE. The word is modern;

Did worthilie revenge this maiden's pride;
and ryghteous, and yet no manne is deputed of the kyng to
heare the.-Bible, 1551. 2 Kings, c. 15.

And nought regarding her so goodly hew,
though Cotgrave uses desranged in interpreting
the French part. desrangé.

Did laugh at her, that many did deride.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c.7. Now is it profytable and good, that we take hede, make “ Fr. Lesranger,—to disrank, disarray, disorder, search thereafter, and consydre, not only what hath happened to thrust out of his rank, put out of array; turn If Moses had told the Israelites, that Nilus had been a vnto vs of olde: but the shamefull, vnhonest, and noysome

river of Paradise, they might justly have thought that he thynges, that the debytyes haue now taken in hande before out of order."

had derided them. our eyes.-Id. Esther, c. 16. Whether the expence (fine apparel) great as it is, be the

Ralegh. History of the World, b. i. c. 3. s. 14. And yet he wyll be named like the lamb, and Christes greatest evil; but whether this folly may not produce many

When Diogenes fell into the school of the Stoicks; he andepulie or vicar, and wyll haue all power as Christ hathe other follies, an entire derangement of domestic life, absurd

swers his deriders, with this question : Why, do you laugh botbe in heauen and in earthe.- Udal. Reuelacion, c. 13. manners, neglect of duties, bad mothers, a general corrup

at me for falling backward, when you yourselves do retrotion of both sexes ?-Berkeley. The Querist.

grade your lives 1-Feltham, pt. i. Res. 8. I then delivered him the six broad pieces, and telling him, that I was deputed to blushe on your behalfe for the meanA casual blow, or a sudden fall, deranges some of our in

And now and then nesse of the presoat &c. but he took me off, and said, he ternal parts; and the rest of life is distress and misery.

A tear or two, as in derision of

Blair, vol. iv, Ser. 18. thanked you for it, and accepted it as a token of your kind

The toughness of his rugged temper, would nesse.--Marvell. Works, vol. i. p. 211. Both these kinds of monopolies durange more or less

Fall on his hollow cheeks, which but once felt, the natural distribution of the stock of the society; but

A sudden flash of fury did dry up. Some few days after the Parliament was holden at West- they do not always derange it in the same way.

Massinger. The Unnatural Combat, Act. ii. sc. I minster begun by a deputative commission granted by the

Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. iv. c. 7. The Persians (were) thence called Magussæi derisively by Queen to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Treasurer,

other ethnicks.--Sir T. Herbert. Travels, p. 243. and the Earl of Derby, and that not without former prece

It is in the highest degree improbable, and I know not, dents.-Camden. Queen Elizabeth, an. 1586.

indeed, whether it hath ever been the fact, that the same Mr. Richard Cromwel, besides other reproachful language,

derangement of the mental organs should seize different per- asking him in a deriding manner, whether he would have And with a veile the iudge's eyes were hid,

sons at the same time : a derangement, I mean, so much the him prefer notre but those that were Godly?“ Here, conWho should not see the partie but the cause :

same, as to represent to their imagination the same objects. tinued he, is Dick Ingoldsby, who can neither pray nor God's deputies, which his tribunall reare,

Paley. Evidences, vol. i. c. 1. Prop. 2. preach, and yet I will trust him before ye all."
Should have a patient, not a partiall eare.

Stirling. A Parænesis to Prince Henry.

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 171.

Of all sorts of sinners, there is the least hopes of a proThis earle of Bedford as ambassador from the Queene of

DE'RELICT, n. Lat. Derelinquere, dere- phane derider and scoffer at religion : other men may do as England, was sent to the Queene of Scots by waie of

DE'RELICT, adj. lictum, to forsake, to aban- bad things, but they have something left within them which deputiship to present the person of his mistress. Holinshed. History of Scotland, an. 1585. DERELICTION.

don, (de, re, and linquere, meynisn time reclaim them; but these cast off the very

means of reforming them.-Stillingfieet, vol. iii. Ser. 1. to leave.) The assembling of persons, deputed from people at great distances one from another, is trouble to them that are sent,

Forsaken, abandoned, deserted, left destitute.

The appellation of esquire is the most notoriously abused

in this kind of any class amongst men, insomuch that it is and charge to them that send. Sir W. Temple. Original and Nature of Government.

And therefore the affections, which these exposed or become almost the subject of derision.-Tatler, No. 19. derelict children bear to their mothers, have no grounds of

Meantime, o'er all the dome, they quaff, they feast, We see others also in regard to their designment and

nature or assiduity, but civility and opinion. deputation to offices of power and dignity, although indeed

Bp. Taylor. Great Exemplar, pt. i. Dis. 1.

Derisire taunts were spread from guest to guest,

And each in jovial mood his mate addresst. subordinate and inferior to those he received, to be entitled And however such symbolical intimations receive their

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. ii. to be the sons of God,--Barrow, vol. ü. Ser. 21. efficacy from the fancy of the contriver, yet here, whether

The comick or derisory manner, is further still from this apparition (the dove) did intend any such morall repre- making shew of method. Our Saviour pleads our cause, and manages our affairs

sentment or no, it is certain that wherever the Holy Spirit there; and the Holy Spirit, as his deputy and vicegerent,

Shaftesbury. Advice to an Author, pt. ii. s. 2. duth it here.-Sharp, vol. v. Dis. 2.

does dwell, there also peace and sanctity, meekness and
charity, a mortified will, and an active dereliction of our de- Like the rake of antiquity, who mingled in the audience
sires do inhabite.-Id. Ib. pt. i. s. 9. Ad.

of a philosopher, with a design to ridicule him, but who was He thinks he believes, because he is pleased to take cer

made a convert before his departure, many of the loose and tain points of trust; and to be sure that something is right, The state of idolaters is two ways miserable. First, in profligate votaries of vice have been enticed by the music, of which he himself knows nothing, because another, whom

that which they worship they finde no succour, and secondly, afterwards reformed by the sermon, which they intended to he deputes to think for him, tells him that it is so.

at his hands whom they ought to serue, there is no other slight, and perhaps had begun to deride.-Knox. Ess. No. 119. Hoadly. Works, vol. iii. Ser. 2. thing to be looked for, but the effects of most iust displeaWliea J was at Apamea, some of the principal inhabitants sure, the withdrawing of grace, dereliction in this world,

British policy is brought into derision in those nations, and in the world to come confusion.

that a while ago trembled at the power of our arms, whilst of several different cities, complained to me of the excessive appointments that were decreed to their deputies; assuring

Hookcr. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. y. & 19. they looked up with confidence to the equity, firmness, and

candour, which shone in all our negotiations. me that their respective communities were by no means in You must mean, without an explicite and particular re

Burke. On the Present Discontents. a condition to support the assessments levied upon them for

pentance, and dereliction of their errors. that purpose. Meimoth. Cicero, b. iv. Let. 11.

Chillingworth. Rel of Prot. Answer to the Pref.

DERIVE, v. Fr. Dériver ; Sp.Derivar ;

When I am a little disposed to a gay turn of thinking. I

It. Derivare; Lat. DeriDEQUACE, v. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, To shake consider, as I was a derelict from my cradle, I have the


vare, (de, and rivus, from down, as if from the Lat. Quatere, to shake. The honour of a lawful claim to the best protection in Europe. DERIVATIVE, adj.

Pe-elv, to flow.) See the A. S. Cwys-an, to quash, to crush, to bruise, to

Savage. The Wanderer, c. 5. Note.


quotation from Holland's squeeze, seems to offer a more satisfactory etymo- It was one of those subtile artifices of Julian the Apostate,

DERIVATIVELY. Livy. logy. Skinner says, q. Dequash. See Quash. to mingle the images of the heathen Gods with those of the DERI'VEMENT.

To flow, or cause to flow emperors, that the doing reverence (as the Christians were

DERIVER. And thus with s'eight shalte thou surmount and dequace commanded) to all together, might imply a dereliction and

from, or deflow; to flow the yuel in their heartes.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. renouncing of their religion, and their simplicity seem im

DerI'VING, n.

down, to descend; to have piety.--Bates. Eternal Judgment, c. 5. Wherefore (as I sayd) with reason I think, thilk foresaid

the source or origin from, to rise or spring from; errours to distroy and dequace.--Id. ib.

As those who joined with them in manning the vessels

to take, draw or deduce the source or origin from ; were the most directly opposite to his (Lord Chatham) generally, to draw, to draw down, to drain, to DEQUANTITATE, v. See Quantity; and opinions, measures, and character, and far the most artful deduce or educe. Also, to flow, to diffuse. the example from Beattie.

and most powerful of the set, they easily prevailed, so as to
seize upon the vacant, unoccupied, and derelict minds of

Wel may men knowen, but if he be a fool,
This we affirm of pure gold; for that which is current,

his friends; and instantly they turned the vessel wholly out That every part derireth from his hool. and passeth in stamp amongst us, by reason of its allay: of the course of his policy.Burke. On American Taxation.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 3008. which is a proportion of silver or copper mixed therewith, is actually dequantitated by fire, and possibly by frequent evil habits ; a solemn return, on our part, to God and virtue,

It (this holy sacrament) is a professed dereliction of former

So through the ryghteousnes of one, which is derined into

all suche as beleue and submitte themselfe vnto the kyng. extinction.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5. under the firm trust that God will, through Jesus Christ,

dome of lyse, are all men of God made righteous and parBrown has words still more extraordinary, as feriation, show mercy to the frailties of the penitent.

takers of the kyngdome of lyfe.--Udal. Romaines, c. 5. for keeping holiday, dedentition for falling of teeth, dequan

Blair, vol. iii. Ser. 15.

Then went hee on still, and shewed what was the solemne
tilate for diminish.
Beattie. Elements of Moral Science, pt. v. c. 1. s. 3.

and right manner of deriving the water.
It. Dcridere ; Lat. Deridere,

Holland. Liry, p. 190. DERACINATE, v. Fr. Racine, a root; Lat. Deri'DINGLY.

(de, and ridere, to laugh.)

Ne henceforth be rebellious vnto Joue, Radir, icis ; radcina, racine.

That is the crowne of knighthood, and the band
See Menage.

To laugh at; to mock or

Of noble minds derined from aboue:
To root up, tear or cut up by the roots.

make a mockery of; to jeer,

Which being knit with virtue neuer will remoue.
to scorn, to treat scornfully or

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 6. Frights, changes, horrors


jeeringly. Diuert, and cracke, rend and deracinule

Nay, rather, bow should those works which are constant The vnity, and married calme of states

and ordinary, and so consequently derirable to all suocet

As in al tymes have the tyrants derided the Godly, whyls sions to the end of the world, but imposed upor a mem Quite from their fixure. they pacietly waited for God's helpe.

extraordinary agent. Shakespeare. Troyl. $ Cress. Act i. sc. 3.

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 3.

Bp. Hall. Episcopacy by Dirixe Right, pt. Il. s 6. Tot this kind of writing, which seems to be reformed, For that derne dede. do no man sholde

He was of a high rough spirit, and spake derogatonly which is, that writing should be consonant to speaking, is Bot wedded men with wyves. as holy writ telleth.

of Sir Amias Paulet. e branch of unprofitable subtelties; for pronunciation it

Piers Plouhman, p. 181.

Aubrey. Of Cardinal Wolsey, Anec. 2. p. 187. Belfe every day encreases and alters the fashion ; and the

And also Dominikes dedes weren dernelich yvsed.

There is no room therefore to object, that we derogate derivation of words, especially from forrain languages, are

Id. Crede. from the majesty of the Father; seeing that whatever utterly defac'd and extinguish't.

majesty we shall ascribe to the Son must ail redound to the Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. vi. c. 5. Ye mosten be ful derne as in this cas.

magnifying of the power of him, who begat a Son of such diChaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3297.

vinity and majesty --Clarke. On the Trinity, pi. ii. s. 45. But created beings have but a deriralive participation

For loue is of him selfe so derne.-Gower. Con. A. b. i. hereof (truth), their understandings being obscure, and they

I hope it is no derogation to the Christian religion, to say erring in many things, and being ignorant of more.

Gow. By many a dearn and painful perch

that the fundamentals of it, i.e. all that is necessary to be Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 720. Of Pericles the careful search

believed in it by all men, is easy to be understood by all

Is made. If therefore any humane constitution, as such, can bind

Shakespeare. Pericles, Act iii. Chorus. men.-Locke. Of the Reasonableness of Christianity, &c. the conscience, it must be of such instances which either are

Next stroke him should haue slaine

So vain are the cavils of those who say, we have nothing deritatives from the law of nature, or of things which be

Had not the lady which by him stood bound

but meer probabilities for our faith, and do interpret that fore the law did bind at all, that is, of things which in Dernely ynto her called to abstaine,

manner of proof which matters of fact are capable of, in a their own nature are indifferent.

From doing him to dye.

sense derogatory to the firmness of our Christian faith. Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 1. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 12.

Stillingfleet, vol. i. Ser. 5. It is certain, and affirmed by all antiquity upon many At last, as chaune't them by a forest side

Let no one imagine that in the religious part of this chagrounds of Scripture, That Adam sinned, and his sin was To pass, (for succour froin the scorching ray)

racter there is any thing which casts over it a gloomy shade, personally his, but derirulively ours ; that is, it did great They heard a rueful voice, that dearnly cride

or derogates from that esteem which men are generally dishurt to us, to our bodies directly, to our souls indirectly and With piercing shriekes, and many a dolefull lay. posed to yield to exemplary virtues.--Blair, vol. iii. Ser. 1. accidentally.-1d. On Repentance, c. 7, s. 1.

Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 1.

False; because their breviaries and litanies shew, that Por our experiments are onely such as do ever ascend a

Long they thus trauelled in friendly wise,

they supplicate the saints to befriend them by their own indegree to the derici:ng of causes and extracting of axiomes. Through countries waste and eke well edyfide,

herent power, or to intercede for them to the throne of God Bacon. Naturall History, . 176. Seeking adventures hard, to exercise

by virtue of their own personal merits, in blasphemous deroTheir puissance, whylome full dernly tride.

gation to the all-atoning and incommunicable intercession I offer these derivements from these subjects, to raise our

Id, Io. b. iii. c. 1.

of Jesus.-Hurd, vol. v. Ser. ll. affections upward.

Unweetingly dismay'd,
Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 4. 8.4.
A cold foreboding impulse thrills his breast :

DERRING, in Spenser, seems plainly to mean These grounds have not any patent passages, whereby to

And who but Kathrin now is dearnly fray'd


When entering in she kens the stranger guest. derive water and fatness from the river. Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 408.

Mickle. Syr Martyn, c. 2.

So from immortal race he does proceed

That mortall hands may not withstand his might, Resume your ancient care ; and if the God

DE'ROGATE, v. Lat. Derogare, atum ;

Drad for his derring doe and bloudy deed ;
Your sire, and you, resolve on foreign blood :

For all in bloud and spoile is his delight.
DE'Rogate, adj. (de, and rogare, from Gr.
Know all are foreign, in a larger sense,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 4.
Not born your subjects, or derir'd from hence.

Opeyelv, to stretch, to reach

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. vii.

One day, when all the troupe of warlike wooers
after; and thus, to seek,

Assembled were, to weet whose she should bee; I might add to all the past dissuasives, the ill repute that

DEROGATIVE. to ask, to demand.) Ro- All mightie men, and dreadful derring doers curses gain a man amongst the most scrupulous and preciser DERO'GATORY.

(The harder it to make them well agree)

gare legem proferre, abrosort of people, who, judging of the greatness of the vice by DEROGATORILY, gare cum tollitur, derogare,

Amongst them all this end he did decree.-10. Ib. b. iv. the smallness of the advantage that is derivable from it, will hardly believe him to be the owner of much piety, that will si pars tollatur, (Vossius.) See ABROGATE. And

From thence I durst in derring to compare slight it upon so little a lemptation. Festus,-Derogare, propriè est, cum quid ex lege

With shepheards swaine, whateuer fed in field.

Id. Shepheard's Calendar. December, Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 32. vetere, quo minus fiat, sancitur lege novâ. Dero

DE'SCANT, v. Fr. Deschanter; It. BisDerivation (of humours) is always made in the remove gare ergo detrahere est.–To derogate, then, is parts, and according to the rectitude of the vessels, either by To take or detract, (sc.) from any thing csta

DE'SCANT, n. cantare; Sp. Discantar. opening a vein by lancet, or by the application of leeches, blished by law or otherwise; to deduct from,

DESCA'NTING, N. Descant, Archdeacon Nares &c. ---Wiseman. Surgery, b. ii. c. 1.

lessen or diminish the authority, the reputation; says, is now called variation in musick ; and the The Seripture, in declaring the Son's derivation from the to degrade, disparage, debase.

subject varied was called the plain song or ground. Father, never makes mention of any limitation of time; but

The word is formed upon the Lat. Cantare, to always supposes and affirms him to have existed with the And neither willeth he, nor may not doe any thinge in- sing or chant. (See Chant.) As generally apFather from the beginning and before all worlds.

cluding repugnaunce, imperfection, or that should derogate, plied-Clarke. On the Trinity, pt. ii. s. 15. minish or hurt his glory & his name.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1121. To touch or treat upon, to discourse upon various But I think the words should rather be rendered, the a'tientest of all derivatire beings, for so the word (dmucoup- The Cardinall of Winchester, whiche at this time would topics, different heads or divisions of a subject. gruaj may be understood in a larger sense.--Id. 16. s. 14. haue no man to hym egall, commaunded the Duke of Bed- To discourse, make remarks or observations.

forde to leaue of the name of Regent, duryng the tyme that Such an one to be sure, it is that makes a man, not only

And with wresting of Scripture onto their owne purpose, the kyng was in Fraunce: affirmyng the chief ruler beyng in contrary vnto the processe, order, and meaning of the text, (according to the Apostle's phrase) a partner of other men's presence, the authoritie of the substitute was clerely dero- (they] would so delude them in deskanting vpon it with sins, but also a deriver of the whole entire guilt of them to gate.-Hull. Hen. VI. an. 10.

allegoryes, and amaze them, expounding it in many sences himself: and yet so, as to leave the committer of them as full of guilt as he was before.--South, vol. ii. Ser. 6.

Than yo stryfe was renewed, which Lamfranke before, as

layed before the vnlearned laye people, that though thou felt ye haue harde in the iii. chapitre of Wyllyam Conqueroure, yet couldest thou not solue their subtile ryddells.

in thy heart, and were sure that all were false that they sayd, If they mean that a contempt of these miracles, which dyd appeace, & was brought i argumēt before the Pope, the they would persuade us to believe, would necessarily derire whiche, at the Kynges request, promysed yt he wolde no

Tyndall. Works. Life. the same contempt on history itself, all experience has thynge do nor ordeyn yt shulde be derogacion to the Arche- In somuch that twenty doctours expounde one text xx. shown the contrary; for though there have deen doubters bysshop of Canterbury, or to the dygnytie of his churche. wayes, as children make descant vpon playne song, and contemners of such miracles in all ages, yet history has

Fabyan, vol. i. c. 228.

Id. Ib. p. 168. maintained its grounds through thein all. Middleton. An Enquiry into the Miraculous Powers, &c. Oft (that he thus the world may more amaze)

For, otherwise, it had been very unequally provided that Weake instruments worke wonderfull effects :

upon the descanting and flourishes of affected speeches, a The Apostle, in the preceding verse, had warned Timothy That, due to him, none may usurpe one thought,

man's life shouid he brought into danger and extremity. against giving heed to fables and endless genealogies : Nor from his glory derogate in ought.-Stirling. Jonathan.

State Trials. Edmund Campion. an. 1581. meaning liy genealogies, the deriratinn of angelic and spiri

Into her wombe conuey stirrility,

Once, when this match was at a point, tual natures according to a fantastic system, invented by the Drie up in her the organs of increase,

They, merrily disposed, oriental philosophers, and thence adopted by some of the

And from her derogate body, neuer spring

Did descant what from vulgar tongues
Grecian sects.-Hurd, vol. vi. Ser. 8.
A babe to honor her.---Shakespeare. Lear, Act i. sc. 4.

Thereof would be supposed.
Since the disciples of this new and great high priest be-

More laught at, that I should

Warner. Albion's England, b. vi. c. 29. come righteous in him, and are by the spirit conformed to

Once name you derogately : when to sound your name So I at each sad strain will strain a tear, his image, the character which essentially and inherently

It not concern'd me.--Id. Antony & Cleopatra, Act ii. sc. 2. And with deep groans the diapason bear; belongs only to him, will derivatively belong to them also,

For burthen-wise I'll hum on Tarquin still, who must follow his steps below, if they would reign with him There is none so much carried with a corrupt mind, nor so While thou on Tereus descant'st, better skill. above.- Horne. Commentary on Psalm 15. enuious of his countries honour, nor so bent against you,

Shakespeare. Rape of Lucrece. that he will derogate the praise and honour due to so worthie an enterprise. --- Holinshed. Ireland, Ep. Ded. by Hooker.

Andi. Lingua, thou strikest too much upon one string,

Thy tedious plain-song grates my tender ears. hide, to conceal, to secrete. See DE'RNFULLY.

The last week I heard of a play the Jesuits of Antwerp Lin. 'Tis plain indeed, for truth no descant needs. DARN. made, in derogation, or rather in crision of the proceedings

Brewer. Lingua, Act i. sc. 1. Hidden, secreted, concealed. Used, conse- of the Prince Palsgrave.- Houell, b. i. s. 2. Let. 16.

I soon discovered the malady, and descanted on the nature quentially,

It may rationally be presumed, that I had been a very

of it, till I convinc'd both the patient and his nurse, that the Solitary, lonely, sad, dismal, melancholy, mourn. senseless fool, if ever I had been for promoting such an spleen is not to be cured by medicine, but by poetry. ful, lamentable. authority and interest over me, as levelled all, and was so

Tatler, No. 47. totally destructive to all that differenced myself and other

Let every sober, humble, and discreet Christian therefore Tho he hadde the kyng in priuete al clene at ys wille, noblemen, from their own vassals, which many say I was be advised to dread all tampering with the mysteries of our Sire, he seide of derne cas ich wol the warre stille. too earnest in, yea, it being absurdly derogative to all true faith, either by any new, and unwarrantable explications of R. Gloucester, p. 114. nobility.-State Trials. The Marquis of Argyle, an. 1661.

them, or descants upon them.-South, vol. iii. Ser. 6. Tho thys holy man ymartred was, hii, that hym ther Nor have my actions been derogatory,

The scene is so fatally altered, that I can scarce restrain Srogte to. Unto my clients profit, or the glory

myself from giving vent to a just indignation, in severe By thogte how hii mygte best myd the holy body do.

of this renowned court, and therefore I

complaints : but an historian must tell things truly as they Ilii porueyde an derne stude, & ther inne yt caste,

Now humbly beg to be at liberty.

are, and leave the descanting on them to others. Vyllyche & styllelyche, & bured yt ther vaste.-Id, p. 289. Brome. To the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

Burnet. Own Time, an 1719,

DERN, adj. L. A. S. Dyrran, occultare, to


While fields of pleasantry amuse us there,

1 But the torrent was too strong to be resisted by any direct Yet indeed the ignorance, growing from distance of place, Wita merry descants on a nation's woe.

strength he could raise against it, and therefore he resolvid allows not such lilerty to a describer, as that which ariseth Cowper. The Task, b. iv. to endeavour to diuide and reduce them by the most gracious froin the remediless ublivion of consuming time. descending to their pretended fears and apprehensions.

Ralegh. History of the World, b. ii. c. 23. For know the lively scene,

Clarendon. Civil War, vol. i. p. 370.
That you still more enliven, to my soul

Ry strange descriptions mystically showne,
Darts inspiration, and impels the song
We hear these accents in an awful sound:

He figur's forth the state of every age.
To roll in bolder descant.--Mason English Garden, b. ii. Ye valiant sons of Troy, the land that bore

Stirling. Doomes-day. Eighth Houre. Your mighty ancestors to light before, DESCEND, v. Fr. Déscendre; Sp. DeOnce more their great descendants shall embrace.

In all which description there is no one passage which DESCENDANT, or scender : It. Discendere ;

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. lli. does not speak something extraordinary and supernatural

of the person described, and withal represent the describer DESCE'NDENT, n. Lat. Descendere, (de, and

Which was, from the beginning, a very plain declaration, (Isaiah) of it in the highest degree of extasy and rapture. DESCE'NDIBLE. scandere, to climb.) that God did not principally intend his promise, to take

South, vol. iii. Ser. 9. DESCENDIBILITY. To climb down; gene- place in Abraham's descendents according to the flesh, but in

Keill has reckoned up, in the human body, four hundred those who, by a faith or fidelity like his, were in a truer and DESCE'NDING, N. rally, to come or go down; higher sense the children

and followers of that great father and forty-six muscles, dissectible and describable; and hath DESCENSION to fall or drop down; to of the faithful.-Clarke. On the Evidences, Prop. 14.

assigned a use to every one of the number. DESCE'NSIONAL. move or go from higher

Paley. Natural Theology, c. 9. As every motion is bounded with two periods and terms; Desce'NSORY. to lower, on a slope, to or

the one relinquished, the other to be acquired by it; so in Here then the Muse, tho' perfect beauty towers
towards the bottom.

Christ's descension we are to consider both the place from Above the reach of her descriptive powers,
To move or flow downwards; to be derived or which it did commence, and the place to which it did pro- Yet will she strive some leading rules to draw

From sovereign nature's universal law. deduced from, to follow in succession of time, ceed : The place from whence, we are told, was heaven.

South, vol. vii. Ser. 1.

Sir J. Reynolds. Art of Painting, v. 92. (sc.) from generation to generation. Descendent, though from descendens, is not unMuse, raise thy voice to Beaufort's spotless fame,


Dut. Schreyer; Ger. Schreier;
To Beaufort, in a long descent derived
commonly written -unt.
From royal ancestry, of kingly rights

DESCRY', n. Sw. Skria, to cry out, to voci.
Faithfuli asserters.
J. Philips. Cider, b. i.


ferate. A. S. Schrewing, a cryGour wrath him forgyue, the trespas to amend, In pes with gow to lyue, & at gour conseil descend. I ask by what natural sagacity did the patriarch foresee

DescRY'ING, n. ing out, a sbricking. Skry, R. Brunne, p. 134.

that Shem's family, rather than any branch of the other Scotch, is of common occurrence in G. Douglas; Alle that Leulyn held lond and tenement,

two, should retain the knowledge and worship of Jehovah? and the Glossarist says, “ The word is frequently Holy to has the scheld thorgh heritage descend.

that the condition of slavery should be fixed upon a particu- used on the Scottish border for cry: as to skiy il Id. p. 243. lar branch of Ham's descendants.

Bp. Horsley, vol. ii. Ser. 17. fair ; to proclaim it.” The Fr. Descrier, décrier, And sythen his blessed body was in a stone byried

is applied as the Eng. Decry, i. e. to cry donn. Or lastiy, whether it only means that, in general, those And descended a doun to the derk helle.

Piers Plouhman. Crede. who take by the name of heirs, must take in the capacity of (See Ascry.) Skinner says, Descry is, in com

heirs, that is by descent; and consequently, that their an- mon speech, merely to detect ; properly, to detect, For swister course cometh thing yt is of wight

cestor must have a descendible estate. When it discendeth than don thingis light.

discover or make known by a loud cry; a cry of Chaucer. Troilus, b. ii.

Sir W. Jones. Commentary on Isæus. Joy or encouragement. Such for instance as tho Ransake yet we would if we might

And therefore, as the English laws still remained in force, Italiam, Italiam, of the comrades of Æneas; and Of this worde the true orthographie

he must necessarily take the crown subject to those laws, The Sea, The Sea, of the soldiers of Xenophol.. The verie discent of ethimologie.-12. Remedie of Loue. and with all its inherent properties; the first and principal of which was its descendibility.

(Anab. lib. iv.) And thus, generally, to descry, And sondry vessels made of earthe and glas,

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. i. c. 3.

is — Our urinales, and our descensories,

To act as scout, as spy, (watching the enemy The united provinces having ordered public prayer to God, Viols, croslettes, and sublimatories. Id, The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,260. when they feared that the French and English fleets would for instance, and crying or proclaiming their

make a descent upon their coasts, it came to pass, that when approach ;) to spy into, investigate or examine, To be briefe, where it is sayde : be ascended, doth it not these fleets only waited for the tide to land their smaller detect or discover. consequently folowe, that he before descended! And there vessels, it was retarded, contrary to its usual course, for is no descension but from aboue: so that the descencion is twelve hours.--Jortin. Remarks on Eccles. History.

Thus yourselfe your counsail may descrie, before, and the ascension after.- Udal. Ephesians, c. 4.

Make priuy to your deling as few as ye may,
DESCRIBE, v. Written by old writers,
This descending of the heuenly citie Jerusalem or holy

For iii. may kepe counsel if twain be away.
comon felowshyp and par-
Descrive. It. Descrivere ;

Chaucer. Balade. Secretnesse. Chrysten churche sygnifieth the ticipacion of the churche triumphant that reygnyth in vic- Descri'BER.

Sp. Describir; Lat. De

Their spials in the meane time discrying from the top of tory, with the churche mylytant, that contyneweth and Description. scribere, (de, and scribere, to an high mountaine the Duke of Austria, the King of Boremaineth in battel and warefare.-Id. Reuelacion, c. 21.

DescRIPTIVE. write, to grave.)

hemia, the Patriarch of Aquilea, the Duke of Carinthia, Therefore it shall not bee farre from our purpose to ex. To write, to mark out, to trace out, to delineate, and (as some report,) the Earle

of Baden, with a mightie amine the first originall of these blacke men, and howe by to depicture; to define, trace or mark out the accursed crew immediately vanished.

power, and in battell aray, approaching towards them, that a lincall discent they haue hitherto continued thus blacke. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 52. boundaries; to present or represent the likeness

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 21 or similarity. At length, when most in perrill it was brought

Others from dawning hills
Two angels downe descending with swift flight,
Tho this August hadde y be emperour two & fourti ger,

Look'd round, and scouts each coast light armed scoure,
Out of the swelling streame it lightly caught,
He let make a descriuing, that ymad nas neuer er.

Each quarter to descrie the distant foe, And twixt their blessed armes it carried quight,

R. Gloucester, p. 60.

Where lodg’d, or whither fled; or if for fight,
Aboue the reach of any liuing sight.

In motion or in alt.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vi.
Spenser. The Ruins of Time. Thanne cam Covetyse ich can nat hym discryre
So hongerliche and so holwe.- Piers Plouhman, p. 97.

O yes ! if any happy eye
If there had been yet an absolute necessity of visible in-

This roving wanton shall descry; tellectual creatures, to be participants of his goodness, and And it was don in tho dayes, a maundement wente out

Let the finder surely know, the active ipstruments of his glory; the same power that fro the Emperour August, that al the worlde schulde be

Mine is the wag; 'tis I that owe created men at first, could have created a new generation of discryued (describi). This first discryuyng [descriptio) was

The winged wand'rer, and that none men, that might have supplied the defection of our first mad of Cyryn Justise of Syrye.-Wiclif. Luk, c. 2,

May think his labour vainly gone,

The glad descrier shall not miss
parents and their descendants.
Hale. Cunt. Of the Knowledge of Christ Crucified.
Who could tell all or fully discrive

To taste the nectar of a kiss
His wo, his plaint, his languor, and his pine:

From Venus' lips.-Crashaw. Cupid's Crier.
Against these descendents the church doth not press the

Nat all the men that han or been on liue. canon-law, though against the former sort it did, and had

Chaucer. Troilus, b. v.

Edg. But by your fauour : just cause given so to doe.

How neere's the other army?
Hammond. Works, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 593.
Now to the temple of Diane the chaste

Gent. Neere, and on speedy foot: the maine descry
As shortly as I can I wol me haste,

Stands on the hourely thought. There shall your lordships also find us to insist upon laws To telleu you of the descriptioun.

Shakespeare. King Lear, Act iv. sc. 6. not inflicting penalties upon off-nders. in malis prohibitis,

ld. The Knightes Tale, v. 2055. but laws declarative or positive, conferring or confirming,

Antonius caused to be fortified with bastilions, one placed ipso facio, an inherent right and interest of liberty and free

And the mě departed & walked thorow the lande, and so neere to another, as trumpets being appointed in each of dom in the subjects of this realm, and as their birth rights described it by cities into seuen parts in a boke.

them, the sound might be heard betwixt to warne one and inheritance descendable to their heirs and posterity,

Bible, 1551, Joshua, c. 23. another vpon the first descrieny of the enimies approach.
State Trials. Liberty of the Subject, an. 1628.
Diligence also must be used in keepyng truly the order

Holinshed. History of Scotland. Donald. So pure an innocent as that same lambe,

of tyme; and describyng lyuely both the site of places and Lucullus took one of the greatest of them (boats), put it She was in life and euery vertvous lore,

nature of persons, not only for the outward shape of the in a cart, and so carried it to the sea, and there put as many And by desenl from royall lineage came

body, but also for the inward disposition of the mynde, souldiers in her as she could well carry, who by night entered or ancient kings and queens.

Ascham. Discourse of Germany. into the city, the skout of the enemies never diserying thein.
Sponser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 1.
The descrybers of yt primatiue church, Egesippus & Euse-

North. Plutarch, p. 426 So growing great through arrogant delight, bins, maketh no maner of mencion of that prestysh vowe of

Through this we pass, and round the tow'r from whenco Orth' high descent, whereof he was vhorne,

yours.--Bale. Apology, fol. 18. And throueh presuinption of his matchlesse might

With unavailing arms the Trojans make defence.

From this the trembling king had oft desery'd
All other powres and knighthood he did scorne.

And when they be ashamed of all theyr workes, then The Grecian camp, and saw their navy ride.
Id. ib. b. i. c. 7. shewe theym the fourme and fashyon of the temple: the

Dryden, virgil. Æneid b it commynge in, the goynge oute, all the maner and descripof these kind of men are the civil officers of this government generally composed, being doseended of families who cyon thereof.Bible, 155), Ezechiel, c. 43.

For now, saith he, we know only in part, and we pmphery have many times been constantly in the magistracy of their How shall fraile pen discriue her heauenly face

in part. Now we see through a glass darkly, as (Jeu au Bative towns for many years, and some for several ages

For feare through want of skill her beautie to disgrace.

ont pou) through a drserying-rinsa, which makes sonie sinal Sir W. Temple. On the United Provinces, c. 4.

Spenser. Faerie Querre, b. ü. c. 3.
and imperfect discovery of things at a great distance.

Clarke, vol. i. Sei. 113.

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As one, descrying in the woodland heights
Sleep hath forsook and giv'n me o'er

But the New Testamēt is an euerlastyng couenaūt, mado
A dreadful serpent, at the sight recoils,

To death's benumbing opium as my only cure:

vnto the children of God through faith in Christ, vpon the His limbs quake under him, his ruddy cheeks

Thence faintings, swoonings of dispair,

deseruynges of Christ; where eternall life is promised to all Turn deadly paie, lie flies, he disappears.

And sense of heaven's desertion.- Millon. Samson Agon. that beleue, and death to all that are vnbeleuyng.
Cowper. Homer. Iliad, b. iii.

Tyndall, Workes, p. 36.
"Twere easie and prone (and not at all improbable) for us
DE SECRATE, v. Fr. Désacrer, to un- to glide insensibly into all rebellions and impieties, to swear But this we must desire of his highness, and of your
Desecration, hallow. Lat. Desecratus, suddenly to engage so deep under his colours, that there

fealty to Satan, that hath entertain'd us so hospitably, and goodness, that you would not require more from us, by unhallowed, profared. See CONSECRATE.

reason of his majesty's great deserrinys of us, than we can would be no retiring with honour, no returning to God without offending God perform; and then you may assure

without being infamous, without undergoing the brand of yourselves of all the good offices which can be expected from For it cannot with decency be imagined, that the most

us.--Slate Trials. Dirorce of Catharine of Arragon, an. 1528. holy vessel, which was once consecrated to be a receptacle of apostates from Satan, of a kind of feedi-frugi, covenantthe Deity, should afterwards be desecrated and prophaned breakers, and desertors.-- Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 534.

It cannot be, but this so great desart by human use.-Bp. Bull, vol. i. Ser. 4.

Cleave to a wife, but let her be a wife, let her be a meet In basest breast doth breede thus due regarde, When animosities break forth, and contentions are raised help, a solace, not a nothing, not an adversary, not a

With worlde of thankes, to praise this friendly part desertrice.- Millon. Tetrachordon.

And wish that woorth mought pay a iust rewarde. in the church, “fire is cast into the sanctuary;" when the

E. C. in Prayse of Gascoigne's Posies. soul sinks under a temptation, the dwelling-place of God's When churls rebel against their native prince, name is desecrated to the ground.

I arm their hands, and furnish the pretence;

For-thy great wonder were it, if such shame
Horne. On the Psalms, Ps. 74. And, housing in the lion's hateful sign,

Should ever enter in his bountious thought,
Having with great concern, observed that various pro-
Bought senates and descrting troops are mine.

Or euer doe that mote deseruen blame:
fanations of the sabbath have of late years been evidently

Dryden. Palamon & Arcile.

The noble courage neuer weeneth ought, gaining ground among us, so as to threaten a gradual dese

Tell her that's young,

That may vnworthy of itselfe be thought.
cration of that holy day, I must very earnestly request you
And shuns to have her graces spy'd,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 2. to exert your utmost efforts within the precincts of your

That hadst thou sprung

The valiant Cecil last, for great employment fit, parishes that are committed to your care, to counteract, as

In deserts where no men abide,

Deserredly in war the lat'st of ours that rose; much as possible, the progress of this alarming evil.

Thou must have uncommended dy'd.-Waller. Song. Whose honour euery hour, and fame still greater grows.
Porteus. On the Profanation of the Lord's Day.

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 18.
But rough, in open air he chose to lye;
DESERT, v. Fr. Déserter; Sp. Desertar;
Earth was his couch, his cov'ring was the sky.

And this disposition ariseth out of two things: first, a
Desert, n.
It. Disertare; Lat. Deserere,
On hills unshorn, or in a desart den,

thorough conviction of a man's sins, and the offence to God He shunnid the dire society of men.

in them, and obnoxiousness and descrredness to be destroyed Dese'rt, adj. desertum, (de, and serere; Gr.

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. xi. for them.-Goodwin. Works, vol. i. pt. iii. p. 170.
Deserter, or Ep-elv, to knit, to join.) And
Slaves, who before did cruel masters serve,

Besides this, to Elwes your majesty has given an estate,
DESERTOR. deserere properly denotes--id

May flie to desarts, and in freedom starve.

(which is a greater gift than life, because it extends to posDESERTION. quod prius connexum pro de- The noblest part of liberty they loose,

terity,) who was the worst deserver in this business. DESERTNESS. relicto habere. To disjoin Who can but shun, and want the power to choose.

State Trials. Murderers of Sir T. Overbury, an. 1616. DesE'Rtrice. what was before connected,

id, The Rival Ladies, Act iv. sc. 1.

Then Sir John Bushie stcpt foorth, and made request on (Vossius.)

No more excuses or delays: I stand

the behalfe of the communaltie, that it might please the To disjoin, to dissever, to sunder or separate In arms prepar'd to combat, hand to hand,

king's highnesse for their heinous acts attempted against The base deser ter of his native land.

his lawes and roiall maiestie, to appoint them punishment from; to depart from, forsake, quit, leave or

Id. Virgil. Æneid, b. xii. according to their deseruings.-Llolinshed. Rich. II. an. 1397.
A desert, -(frequently, though improperly, which made that temporary desertion [by God) so prievous
Neither surely was it any other cause than excess of love, Is this the ioy of armes ? be these the parts

Of glorious knighthood, after bloud to thirst written desart,)—any place deserted, forsaken, quit- and bitter to him, extorting from his most meek and patient And not regard due rights and iust desarts ? ted, left or abandoned, (sc.) by all inhabitants, heart that wooful complaint, My God, My God, why hast

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 2
thou forsaken me.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 23.
settlers, &c. And, therefore-

Till I be more desertful in your eye;
A wilderness, a wild, waste, untilled, unculti- Moses fasted in the desert forty days and nights before he

And till my duty shall make known, I honour ye,
vated or uninhabited place.
gave the law: so did Elias, the restorer of the law; and so

Noblest of women, do me but this favour, did Christ before he entered into his ministry.

To accept this back again, as a poor testimony. The decyples, that he hyder sonde, Cristendom to brynge,

Jortin. Remarks on Ecclesiastical History.

Beaum. & Fletch. Wild Goose Chase, Act iv. sc. 6
Byleuede in a wyldernesse, after prechynge,

He shew'd his generous spirit; all the town
That me cleputh now Glastynbury, that desert was tho. When I questioned the petty officer concerning what had

Speak nobly of him, pity him and pray for him;
R. Gloucester, p. 232. happened on shore, he told me, that neither the natives who

And, were he not desertful, by this time
went with him, nor those whom they met on their way,
As it is wrytun in the book of the wordis of Isaye the pro- would give them any intelligence of the deserters.

The general vote had hang'd him.
fete, the voys of a crier in desert, make ye redy the waye of

Anonymous. The Gamester, Act if.

Cook. Voyages, vol. i. b. i. c. 16. the Lord, make ye his pathis right.-Wiclif. Luk, c. 3.

If mine (friend) be but so wise, and apprehensive,
It being no uncommon thing to see malefactors die stupid

As my opinion gives him to my heart,
And whanne Jhesus had herde this thing, he wente out

and senseless, and go out of the world as wickedly as they It stayes not long on thy desertless arme.
fro thennis in a boot into disert place bisidis.
have lived in it; and what can this be attributed to, but to

Beaum. & Fletch. Wil at several Weapons, Act iii. sc. 1.
Id. Matthew, c. 14.

the desertion of God's Holy Spirit, which will not always Thou were that one shepe emongs the hundred, (which)

strive with sinners, but sometimes leaves them to perish in Bac. But now people will call you valiant, desertlessly I were lost in desart, and out of the waye had erred, and

the hardness of their hearts.-Sherlock, On Death, Dis. 24. think, yet for their satisfaction I will have you fight with now to the flocke art restored.

me.--Id. Ib. A King and no King, Act iii.
Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b.i.

Fr. Déservir, to earn by

If these words seem not decent enough, I will make no

This knight the two pilers of brass,

service; Lat. Deservire, (de, other apology, but that I use them because I cannot find The whiche yet a man maye fynde,

Dese'RVEDNESS. and servire, to serve.) worse : for as they are the worst of men, so they deserve the
Set vp in the deserte of Inde. -Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

To earn by service; to

worst of language.—Burnet. Own Time, vol. iv. Conclusion. And when the daye was now farre spent, his disciples

DESE'RVING, n. merit or to be worthy of, If we speak of our desert, that is death, death is the only came vnto him, saying: this is a deserte place, and now

DESERVINGLY. (sc.) as a reward or payment wages we have all deserved.-Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 90. the day is farre passed, let them depart.

DESE'rt, n. for service; for any thing And in all his illness, which lasted some yeers, she (the Bible, 1551. Mark, c. 7.

DESE'RTFULL. done or to be done; and, queen) would never leave his ded; but sat up, sometimes What flying of her company and desertnes, when euery DesE'RTLESS. generally, to merit, to be half the night, in the bed by him, with such care and con. mother will keepe not only their daughters, but also their

DESE'RTLESSLY. sonnes from the inspection of such an vnthrifty maid.

worthy of whether good cern, that she was looked on,

very deservedly, as a pattern in

this respect. --Burnel, Oun Time, an. 1708.
Vives. The Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. i. c. 7.
Desert,-formed from the past part. deserved,

But after-days, my friend, must do thee right,
The desertnesse of the countrey lying waste & saluage, did

And set thy virtues in unenvy'd light,
nothing feare them from coming to him.-Udal. Luke, c.5.
deserv'd, desert.

Fame due to vast desert is kept in store,

Unpaid, till the deserver is no more.
Hadst thou before thy flight but left with me
- He, that mygtuol ys

Congreve. To Sir Godfrey Kneller.
A young Æneas, who, resembling thee,
Dethe (doth) after oure deserte.-R. Gloucester, p. 253.

Among all the ancient records in the Exchequer, Doomes-
Might in my sight have sported, I had then

I herd neuer telle, for what maner discert.

day book is desertedly of the greatest reputation and value. Not wholly lost, nor quite deserted been.

R. Brunne, p. 316.

Priestley. On History, Lect. 31.
Denham. The Passion of Dido for Æneas.

Thei asken hure huyre. [their hire) er thei hit have
The seuen holie ilands are desert and breed nothing but a

DESICCATE, v. Lat. Desiccare, atum,

deservede.- Piers Plouhman, p. 53. kind of will sheepe which are often hunted, but seldom or

Desiccant, n. (de, and siccare, to dry,
neuer eaten.--Holinshed. Description of Britaine, c. 10. The best and greatest of valour
Didden Richesse full great honour,

Desicca'tion. to drain.)
Neither could Moses forget the length of the way through And busie weren her to serue,


To dry or become dry;

3 those discomfortable desarts wherein himself and Israel

For that they would her loue deserue.

to drain of all moisture.
had wandered 40 years.

Chaucer. The Rom, of the Rose.
Raleyh. History of the World, b. ii. c. 4. s. 2.
Thus wicked tong, God yeve him shame,

But where there is moisture enough, or superfluous, there
Meanwhile this youth like a poor shepherd clad,

Can put hem euerichone in blame

wine helpeth to disgest, and desiccate the moisture. (or whom such care the God of Israel had)

Bacon. Nat. Hist. $727.
Without desert and causelesse.--Id. Ib.
His father's flock was following day by day

They speak much of the elementary quality of siccity, or
Upon a desert near at hand that lay.

For they haue pryuily layed theyr net to destroye me

drienesse : and of things dessicating.
Drayton. David & Goliah. without a cause, yea and made a pytte for my soule, whiche

Id. Ib. The History of Life and Death
Moses compares the deserters of their brethren, to the
I neuer deserued.-Bible, 1551. Psalm 35.

And it is well to be noted, that the pneumatical substance rebels at Kallesbarnea: now none of these, by God's own For more is to be done for ye deseruour than for the is in some bodies, the native spirit of the body; and in somo decree, entered into Canaan.

exactour, more for the louyng maister than imperious other, plain air that is gotten in, as in bodies desiccate, by Prynne. Treachery & Disloyalty, pt. v. p. 212. comaundyng maister.--Udal. 1 Timothye, 6.

heat or age.--Id. Ib. $ 842 VOL. I.


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Deslocation or consumption, in the process thereof, is! A very small portion of any ingenlous art will stop up all' Is their original mode of instruction and discipline altered.

Are the instructors of a different description finished by three actions ; and all these as was said before) those gaps of our time: either music, or painting, or design. By no means. have their original from the native spirit of bodies. ing, or chemistry, or history, or gardening, or twenty other from those designated by the founders ? By no means.

Knox. On Grammar Schools Bacon. The History of Life and Death. things, will do it usefully and pleasantly.

Cowley. Ess. Of Solitude. All those authors that have written of mineral waters, do

The only difference between God's appointment of the generally agree, that they are of a desiccative or drying

Twere more to his purpose to demand, what advantageth Judges and of Saul being this, that they were chosen by nature.-Ferrand. Love of Melancholy (1640.) p. 358. it him to gain not one atome, or most diminutive part of the internal inipulse. He, by lots, or exterual designation.

Warburton. Divine Legation, b. v. s. 3. world, not the least acquisition of any thing desirable even We endeavour by moderate detergents & desiccants, to

to the carnal man, satisfactory to any part of his appetite, cleanse and dry the diseased parts.

The machine, which we are inspecting, demonstrates, by save that in a manner Platonick, designless of love of sinning, Fiseman, Surgery, b. viii. c. 5.

its construction, contrivance and design. Contrivance must and ruining his own soul, and yet to do that as sure, as if

have had a contriver, design, a designer ; whether the maDESIDERATE, v. Pra-siderare cum ma

he had Satan's totum hoc, his whole exchequer of wealth
and honour in exchange for it?--Hammond. Works, vol. ii.

chine immediately proceeded from another machine or not. Desi'DERATE, adj. turius hiberna tem

Paley. Natural Theology, c. 2, DESIDERABLE. pestas movetur, quasi The second bulwark was the hearing sense,

This designment appears both iniquitous and absurd. DESIDERATIVE. ante sideris tempus. Gainst which the second troupe designment makes.

Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. ii. s. 4. Desi'dERATUM. Gr. Προ-χειμαζειν ; sic

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 11. Desi'DERY. desiderare, sit ano-xel

After this hee presented himselfe againe at sundry times DE'SINENT, adj. Lat. Desinere, desinens, uaSelv, cum sicleris tempus desit; unde desiderari and that to this purpose (as may probably be coniectured) to De'sinence.

to leave off, to cease; de, hold her still in his possession, who was not able, eyther to dicuntur quæ desunt :-whence those things are look further into these subtilties, then the superficiall barke

DE'Sitive, n.

and sinere. said to be desiderated or desired, which are wanting, thereof, or not discover the depth of his designements. Leaving off, ending, terminating. (Festus.) See Vossius, in v. Sidus. Pliny speaks

State Trials. Mary Smith, an. 1616.

In front of this sea were placed six Tritons, in moving and at large, (lib. xviii. c. 26,) of the different stars, Since then, the power of all natural agents is limited, the 'sprightly actions, their upper parts humane, save that their which mark or announce to the husbandman the

mover (be it never so powerful) must be confined to observe haires were blue, as partaking to the sea-colour; their de

these proportions, and cannot pass over all these infinite sinent parts fish, mounted above their heads, and all varied approach and progress of the different seasons.

in disposition.-B. Jonson. Masque of Blacknesse. To look anxiously for, to wish, seek for or covet, designable degrees in an instant.--Digby. Of Bodies, c. 9. (sc.) any thing deficient or wanting; any thing He is an High Priest and a Saviour all-sufficient. First, In their poesies, the fettering together the series of the

verses, with the bonds of like cadence or desinence of rhyme, whose coming promises good, (sc.) as certain by his Father's eternal designation, Psalm lxxxix. 90. i have laid help upou one that is mighty, &c.

which, if it be unusually abrupt, and not dependent in sense stars or constellations to the husbandmen.

Hopkins, Ser. 25. upon so near affinity of words, I know not what a loathsome Desideratum is in common use.

kind of barshness and discordance it breedeth to any judicial

Again the atomick atheists further alledge, that though ear.--Bp. Hall. Postscript to Satires.
My name is True loue-of cardinal desidery.

there be many things in the world, which serve well for
the very exemplary.
vses, yet it does not at all follow that therefore they were

4. Inceptives and desilires, which relate to the beginning Chaucer. Ballade. Craft of Louers. made intentionally and designedly for those vses.

or ending of any thing; as, the Latin tongue is not yet forCudworth. Intellectual System, p. 670.

gotten. No man before Orpheus wrote Greek verse. Peter, So these are the parts which in the knowledge of medicine,

Czar of Muscovy, began to civilize his nation. touching the cure of diseases, are desiderate. It being the usual method in which divine providence

Watts. Logic, pt. ii. c. 2. s. 6. Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. iv. c. 2. delighteth it self, to use and sanctify those very means,

which ill men design for the satisfaction of private and par- DESIRE, v. Having acquired our end, if any way, or under any name,

ticular ends and ambition, and other wicked purposes, to we may obtain a work so much desired, and yet desiderated

DEsI'RE, n. wholesome and publick ends, and to establish that good

Fr. Désirer; Sp. Desear ; of truth.-Brown. Vulgar Errours. To the Reader. which is most contrary to the designers.

Desi'RABLE, adj.

It. Disiare or Desiderare. And most men verily are of the same nature, passing good

Clarendon. Ciril War, vol. iii. p. 743. Desi'RABLE, n.

See DesiderATE. and desiderable things.--Holland. Plularch, p. 124. Now what has Ajax done, or what design'd ?


To wish for, covet, long You may readily understand what I mean, when you A noisy nothing, and an empty wind.


Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xii. meet with any particulars delivered as thoughts, or deside


for, to be eager to obtain ;

to have a love or passion rata, or wishes tending to, or aiming at the improvement of To whom the Thunderer made this stern reply;

Desi'reless. medicine.--Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 584.

for; to ask for, intreat, reMy household curse, my lawful plague, the spy

DESI'ROUS. The verbs, called deponent, desiderative, frequentative, or Jove's designs, his other squinting eye!


quire or demand. Inceptive, &c. need not be considered here, being found in Why this vain prying, and for what avail!


See the quotations from some languages only, and therefore not essential to speech.

Id. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii.

Locke and Cogan.

Beattie. Elements of Moral Science, pt. i. c. 1. s. 3
The designable parts of these corpuscles are therefore un-

Pencils of light, passing through glass lenses, are sepa- 'separable, because there is no vacuity at all intercepted
rated into different colours, thereby tinging the object, es-
between them.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 413.

War vore ych desyry mest thyn grace & thyn loue. pecially the edges of it, as if it were viewed through a prism.

R. Gloucester, p. 309. To correct this inconvenience had been long a desideratum

And a wise designation of time this is, well becoming the in that art.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 3.

divine care and precaution ; serving for the recruiting our of the north Suane had a partie, the south he desired. bodies, and dispatching our affairs, and at the same time to

R. Brunne, p. 42. DESIDIOUSNESS. Lat. Desidia, desidiosus, keep up a spiritual temper of mind. a desidendo, id est, valde sedendo ; sitting too much.

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c. 6. Ye ben of the fadir the Deuil, and ye wolen do the desires

of youre fadir.-Wiclif. Jon, c. 8. Slothfulness, idleness, carelessness. As for the reason hereof, I shall refer to the opticians,

My liege lady, generally, quad he, Now the Germans perceiving our desidiousness and negli- ! particularly the famous Kepler, who in his Opticis detronom. hath designedly handled this point.

Women desiren to han soverainetee, gence, do send daily young scholars hither, that spoileth

Id. Astro-Theology, Ded.

As well over hir hosbond as hir love, them (ancient authors) and cutteth them out of libraries,

And for to ben in maistrie him aboue. returning home and putting them abroad as monuments of Both these, Sir William D'Avenant had began to shadow; This is your most desire, though ye me kille their own country, &c.

but it was so, as first discoverers drew their maps, with Doth as you list, I am here at your wille. Leland, to Secretary Cromwell, in Wood's Alhena. headlands, and promontories, and some few outlines of

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6623. DESIGN, v.

somewhat taken at a distance, and which the designer saw
not clearly.--Dryden. Of Heroick Plays. An Essay.

For my desiring
Desi'gn, n.

Was him to seen ouer all thing
Fr. Désigner; It. Di.

All is drawn over with dusky shades, and irregular fea. His countenaunce and his manere.-Id. Rom. of the Rose. De'SIGNATE, v.

segnare; Sp. Designar ; tures of base designfulness, and malitious cunning.
Lat. Designare, to mark

Barrow, vol.
ii. Ser. 7.

Yong, fresh, and strong, in armes desirous,
De'signate, adj.
out, (de, and signum, a

As any bacheler of all his hous.
Ignorantly thankful creature, thou beggest in such a way,

Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,337. mark or sign, qv.) DESIGNEDLY. that by what would appear an antedated gratitude, if it were

Affeccion of this instrument is a thinge, by whiche ye bee. To mark out, to frame pot a designless action, the manner of thy petitioning beforeDESIGNER.

drawe desirously any thinge to wilne in coueitcus maner, Desi GNFULNESS, n. or form; and thus, (met.) hand, rewards the grant of thy request.

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 359.

all be it for the tyme out of your mind. to form in the mind, to

id. The Testament of Loue, b. iii. Desi'aNING, n. scheme or plan, to intend,

Since Solomon does discreetly affirm, that all the cross DESIGNLESS. and happy lucks at play are not rashly or designlessly shuf.

And so there whyle I me reioie,
to purpose, to project.
fied by a blind hazard, but are dispensed by an all-ruling

Unto my herte a great desyre,
Providence.-Id. Ib. vol. vi. p. 80.

The whiche is hotter than the fire,

All sodenliche upon me renneth.-Gower. Con. A. b. vi. And therefore, whatsoeuer wicked designement shal be And the rather, because whilst men, by the coldness of

Wyfeles he was, Florent he hight, conspired and plotted against her majesty hereafter, shall the season, are more than ordinarily careful, to stop up the

He was a man, that mochell might: be thought to be conspired, plotted, and intended against passages, at which the external air may get in, they do,

Of armes he was desyrous.--Id. Ib. b. i. the Almighty himselfe. --Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 019.

though desiunlessły, stop up the vents, at which the subter

raneous exhalations might go out.-Id. Ib. vol. ii. p. 675. Whereas God wil haue heuen so sore desyred and sought For as the soul's essential pow'rs are three;

for, that he wyll haue the desyrers thereof, set by the pleaThe quick'ning pow'r, the pow'r of sense and reason ; We sufficiently understand that the scenes which repre- sures of this worlde, not onely nothyng at all, but also seke Three kinds of life to her designed be,

sent cities and countries to us, are not really such, but only for the contrary and suffer displeasure and payne. Which perfect these three powr's in their due season. painted on boards and canvass : but shall that excuse the

Sir T. More. 'Workes, p. 1290. Daries. Immortality of the Soul, s. 33. ill painture or designment of them?

Dryden. Essay. Of Dramatick Poesie. Por it (the lawe) knew ye theyr heartes wer desyrful of Why do ye seek for feigned Palladines, (Out of the smoke of idle vanity,)

reuenging.--Udal. Matthew, c. 5.

Ask of politicians the end for which laws were originally Who inay give glory to the true designs

designed ; and they will answer, that the laws were designed Ye haue heard it wt your eares, but ye haue need of readie or Bouchier, Talbot, Nevile, Willoughby?

as a protection for the poor and weak, against the oppression Daniel. Civil Wars, b. v. . of the rich and powerful.-Burke. Vindic. of Nat. Society.

& devirefull heartes, if ye wil be apt to receiue 80 great a

blissefulnes.-Id. Luke, c. 4.

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