Obrázky na stránke

A greate benefite is much the sweter that it is not obteined It is only the honest, sincere enquirer, who comes to his I were right now of tales desolat without great and long suit. The pleasure of a goode turne Bible with a heart desirous to learn his duty in the con

Nere that a marchant, gon in many a yer, is muche diminished whan it is at first obteyned. The scientious discharge of a good life, who can hope to find it Me taught a tale, which that ye shull here. desirefulnesse of our mindes inuche auginenteth and en- in the words of eternal life.---Gilpin, vol. iv. Ser. 25.

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4551. creaseth our pleasure. Udal. Preface rnto the Kinges Maiestie. DESIST, v. Fr. Désister; Sp. Desistir ;

Now therfor (our God) heure the supplicacion of thy serThan Jesus because he would ye more enkiendle desire

uant, hear his prayers beseching thee to showe a merciable

DESI'STANCE. It. and Lat. Desistere, (de, and countenaunce vpon thy holy temple, thus desolated and defulnes, sēbled & made countenaunce as though he would DESI'STING, N. sistere, to stand.)

stroid.—Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 9. not make ani tariaunce at Emaus, but made as though he had yet somewhat ferther wai to goe.--Id. Luke, c. 23.

To stand off, or away from; to quit, to leave

When she had passed the sea and taken lande, it was to off, to cease, to give over, to stop or to stay, to her declared, how that King Edward had gotten again the I reken also, that this booke shall be very profytable for forbear.

garland, and that king Henry her husband, was desolately yonge scolers of this realme which are dexyrous to learn the

left post alone, and takē prisoner.-Hall. Edw. IV. an. 10. Latin tong --J.C. To the Christen Reader, an. 1550.

Thus Owen Glendor glorifying hym self in these two vic

tories, laden with praies and bloudy handes returning againe She (Lady Elizabeth} againe likewise saluting them saide, For the Hebrewes to expresse a thynge vehementlye, vse into Wales neuer desistyng to do euill.-Hall. Hen. IV.an.l. my lordes, (quoth she) I am glad to see you: for me thinke often tymes as it appeareth in sundrie places of Scripture,

I haue been kept a great while from you desolately alone. *o double a word, as our Sauioure dydde here, saying: wyth The more thei here suffere for teachinge the trewth the

Fox. Martyrs, p. 1900. desyre haue I desyred : that is to witte, very sore haue I greater ioye abydethe them: let vs not therfor desiste, nor desyred, or very desyrouslye haue I longe'l for to eate this be afraide, but let vs not neglecte our office for Crystes sake, They came vnto Man with a mightie army and wasted all paschal lambe with you.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1321. (good Crystē bretheren,) but speke and wryte as long as we the south part of Man, spoiled the churches, and slue all the Whome Ptolemy to cloke his deceit wythall, desirously ! muy.-Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 12.

men, whom they could take, insomuch, the south part of

the saide island was brought almost into desolation and beyond all measure of true loue and affection, embrased And again, the going into the city was a pursuance and

Hackluyt. Voyagcs, vol. i. p. 14. and kissed a great while together.-Goldinge. Justine, fol. 108. carrying on of the enterprize against the court, and not a desisting or departing from it.

There, all alone, she spy'd, alas, the while ! But he was content with the recouery of the cities that

State Trials. Sir Christopher Blunt, an. 1600. In shady darkness, a poor desolate, he had lost, and so concluding a peace, desirously tooke the

That now bad measured many a weary mile occasion of quietness when it was offered him.

When no persuasion

Through a waste desert, whither heav'nly fate,
Id. 16. fol. 121. Could win him to desist from his bad practice,

And his own will, him brought.
For to the highest she didl still aspire,
To change the aristocracy of Corinth

G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph on Earth. Or if ought higher were then that, did it desire.

Into an absolute monarchy, I chose rather
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4. To prove a pious and obedient son

Though he was afterwards set at liberty, and had a pension
To my country, my best mother, than to lend

from the king, he was in great want to the very last, living O wherefore did God grant me my request,

Assistance to Timophanes, tho' my brother,

obscurely in his chambers at Gray's Inn, where his lonely And as a blessing with such pomp adorn'd?

That, like a tyrant, strove to set his foot

and desolate condition so wrought upon his melancholy Why are his gifts desirable, to tempt

Upon the city's freedom.

teinper that he pined away. Our earnest prayers, then, giv’n with solemn hand

Massinger. The Bondman, Act I. sc. 3.

State Trials. Lord Bacon, an. 16207
As graces, draw a scorpion's tail behind.
Milton. Samson Agonistes.
What frenzy, goddesses: what rage can move

Let never spring visit his habitation,
Celestial minds to tempt the wrath of Jove?

But nettles, kix, and all the weedy nation
And therefore being all of a sudden bid to hold up my Desist, obedient to his high command:

With empty elders grow, sad signs of desolation. hand at the bar, I cannot chuse but a little demur upon it, This is his word: and know, his word shall stand.

G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph over Death and yet with all respect to you, to declare my desireableness

Pope. Homer. Niad, b. viii. to keep within the bounds of reason, moderation, and dis

Who is this desolater, or maker of desolations ? cretion, and so carry myself as doth become a man, that Whereas men usually give freeliest where they have not

Mede. On Daniel, p. 44. knows what it is to answer for his life. given before, and make it both the motive and excuse of

Where these two things are taken by these expositors for State Trials. Lieut.-Col. John Lilburne, an. 1649. their desistance from giving any more, that they have given

| already : God's bounty hath a very different method: for he granted. 1. That the taking away of the dayly sacrifice, and He (Sir James Crofts] was an able man to manage war, uses to give, because he hath given, and that he may give.

this desolatory abomination, is to be understood of the last and yet an earnest desirer and advancer of peace, being one

destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.

Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 269. of the coinmissioners in 1588 to treat with the Spaniard in

Bp. Hall. Revelation Unrevealed. Flanders.-Fuller. Worthies. Hertfordshire.

A politician desists from his designs, when he finds they

are impracticable; he renounces the court, because he hath O righteous Themis ! if the pow'rs above Life is the passing of a shadow, short, troublesome, and been affronted by it, he quits ambition for study or retire

By pray'rs are bent to pity, and to love; dangerous; a place which God hath given us in time for ment; and leaves off his attendance on the great as he be

Ilhaman miseries can move their mind; the desiring of eternity.Bp. Taylor. Cont. b. i. c. 6. comes weary of it.-Blair, vol. i. Lect. 10.

If yet they can forget, and yet be kind;

Tell how we may restore, by second birth, This golden show made him so desirous also of like suc- DESK, 0.1

A table to write upon. Dut. Mankind, and people desolated earth. cesse, that he left off his former voyage and returned home

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. l. to bring news of such things as he had seene.

Desk, n.
Disch ; Ger. Tisch, a table; per-

There is an eminent instance of this in Nehemiah, whom
Holinshed. Desc, of England, c. 11. haps from the Lat. Discus, because a table re-
That desire is a state of vneasiness, every one who reflects
sembles a discus in its broad form or shape, whilst Jerusalem was desolately miserable.

all the pleasures of the Persian court could not satisfy, on himself will quickly find. Who is there that has not felt (Skinner.) Sometimes written Dess, (qv.)

Bates. Works, vol. iv. Ser. 4. in desire what the wise man said of hope, (which is not much To desk,—to shut up or enclose, as in a desk.

On the self-same day different from it) that it being defer'd makes the heart sick;

When we embark'd from Greece, designing death and that still proportionable to the greatness of the desire: The egle sang Venite bodies all which sometimes raises the uneasiness to that pitch, that it

And desolation to the race of Troy;

And let vs ioy to loue that is our health, makes people cry out, give me children, give me the thing

Both by his right hand thunders, and the sign

And to the deske anon they gan to fall. desırd, or I die. -Lecke. Hum. Underst. b. ii. c. 21.

Of which ye hear, Jove ratified our hopes.
Chaucer. The Court of Loue.

Cowper. Homer. Iliad, b. ii. If you demand by what impulsive force

And whyle he says his orysons for that soule and other, The under Gods begin their circling course;

DESPAIR, V. he layed his gloues vpon a deske by him.

Fr. Désespérer; Sp. DeHe says, as things desirable excite

Fabyan, vol. i. c. 201. Despa'ir, n. sesperar; It. Disperare ; Lat. Desire, and objects move the appetite; So his first God by kindling ardent love, Sir, 'tis a perspicil, the best under heaven,

DESPA’IRER. Desperare, to be without
Does all the Gods in seats inferior move.
With this I'll read a leaf of that small Iliad,

DESPA'IRFUL. hope, (de, and sperare, to
Blackmore. Creation, b. v.
That in a walnut-shell was desked, as plainly

DESPAIRINGLY. hope.) See the quotations
Twelve long miles off, as you see Paul's from Highgate.
But of the desirableness of the skill, and willingness to

Tomkis. Albumasar, Act i. sc. 3,

De'sPERATE, adj. from Locke and Cogan. cure the sick, and relieve not only those that languish in

DE'SPERATELY. To be or cause to be hospitals, but those that are rich enough to build them Where (at the west end of the great hall at Westminster)

DESPERATENESS, the lord president, in a crimson velvet chair, fixed in the (I have) else where purposely discoursed.

without hope, hopeless. Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 201. midst of the court, placed himself, having a desk with a DesPERATION. Desperate without hope, criinson velvet cushion before him.

DESPERA'DO. If they were indeed desirous to approve themselves to

hopeless; and, therefore,

State Trials. Charles I. an. 1649. God, they would strive against those sing which hold them

De'sPERANCE. careless, reckless, fearless, in captivity:-Sharp, vol. iii. Ser. 16.

Never can they who from the miserable servitude of the having no regard to consequences.

desk have been raised to empire, again submit to the bondThe greatest part of the world keep the crown upon the age of a starving bureau, or the profit of copying musick, or

And ich shal sende gow myselve Seynte Michel myu Devil's head; they are his servants, and yield him the writing plaidoyers by the sheet.

aungel, throne of their hearts, and he reigns in them: but those

Burke. On a Regicide Peace, Let. 3.

That no Devel shal gow dere, ne despeir in goure deyenge. that are the people of God, they do with their hearts acknow

Piers Plouhman, p. 149 ledge his right and title to them, and do most desirously DE'SOLATE, v. Fr. Désoler ; It. Deso- Drede of desperacion thenne dryveth a wey grace. close with him.-Bates. The Everlasting Rest of the Saints. De'solate, adj. lare; Sp. Dessolar ; Lat.

Id. p. 336. Desire (influential to action) may be defined, that uneasy DE'SOLATE, n. Desolare ; q. solum et de

He was dispeired, nothing dorst he say sensation excited in the mind by the view or by the contem

Sauf in his songes somwhat wold he wray

DE'SOLATELY. sertum ; to make or cause plation of any desirable good, which is not in our possession,

His wo, as in a general complaining; which we are solicitous to obtain, and of which the attain

DE'SOLATER. to be solitary and desert. He said, he loved, and was beloved nothing. ment appears at least possible.

To be or cause to be

Chaucer, The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,255.
Cogan. On the Passions, pt. i. c. 2. s. 3. DE'SOLATORY. solitary, lonely, desert; And he that wil not after counsaile do,
He neglects his ease and his honours together, and de. forsaken or abandoned ; to reduce to solitude or

His ente he putteth into disperounce, spises fame as well as pleasure and riches, and all mortal

And all the good that should fal him to desirables, when they stand in competition with his imdreariness; to lay waste, to ravage.

Is lost and dedde.--Id. La belle Dame sans Mercie. mortal hopes.--Walls, vol. i. Ser. 2.

! And Jhesus witynge her thoughtis, seide to hem ech Whereof my wittes ben empeired, As the natural man neglects the two chief spirits he has kyngdom departid agens itself, schal be desolatid, and ech And I, as who saith, all dispeired.-Gower. Con. A. b. inl. any concern with, that is God and his own soul; so fleshly citee or hous departid agens it sill schal not stonde.

For in suche drede he shall us brynge, objects are his chief desire: but the spiritual man despises

Wiclis. Matthew, c. 12.

That if we haden flight of wyoge, them all, in comparison of the unseen desirables of the Every rewme departid agens itself schal be desolat, and The weye one foote in dispaire spiritual world.-Id. Ib. Ser. 4. an hous schal falle on an hous. Id. Luke, c. 11. 1

We shull leue, and flee in the ayre.--Id. 16. b. vil.

I am in tristesse all amidde,

But though I thought it not amiss to make these animad- And, as he says rarely well, though some creatures noen And fulfiled of desperance :

versions upon Mr. Hobbes's ratiocination, yet as to the opi- to be made of much coarser stuff than others, yet even in And thereof veue me my penaunce

nion itself for whose yake he speaks so severely and so the vilest, the maker'a art shines through the despicableness Myn holy father, as you liketh.--Gower. Con. A. b.v. despairingly of our society, if it be considered as I proposed of the matter.Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 13. He is our God if we despayre in our selues, and trust in

it, he shews me as yet no cause at all to renounce it. him: and his is the glory.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 456.

Boyle. Works, vol. I. p. 237. He that is but moderately skilled in androtomy, (as soma

of the moderns call the dissection of man's body, to distin

For on the rocks it bore where Scylla raves, A mă childe was it that she despered of the Lord, and such

guish it from zootomy, as they name the dissections of the A one as shuld be the firste fruit of her wóbe.

And dire Charybdis rolls her thundering waves.

bodies of other animals,) may, with due diligence and in-
All night I drove; and at the dawn of day,
Bale. Apology, fol, 30.
Fast by the rocks, beheld the desperate way.

dustry, not despicably improve his anatomical knowledge.

Id. ID. p. 68. of these thinges springeth eyther côtempt, or else desper

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xvlii. ance of the kingdo of heauen.- Udal. Mark, c. 13.

The affections which have their seat in the body can yield After he hath lain some time under these terrors and

us no honour; they are capable of no improvement, the Put Gynecia laying open in all her gestures the des affrightments, and even upon the brink of desperation, it higher they rise, the more despicable we grow. pairful affliction, to which all the might of her reason pleaseth God, at length, by his Spirit to break through this

Sherlock, vol. i. Dis. 28. was converted, with such like words stopped Philanax, as cloud, and to dart some beams of light and comfort into his he was entering into his invective oration.

conscience.—Sharp, vol. iii. Ser. 13. Sydney. Arcadia, b. v.

DESPI'SE, v. Lat. Despicere, -ectum, to And the Deucl is desperate and hath not nor cannot haue To whom the sire of Gods and men replied:

Despi'sABLE. look down upon,(sc.) as worth faith and trust in God's promises. Juno, despair to be inform'd of all

DespI'SAL. less, contemptible. See De-
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 266.

My plans and views : Jove's consort as thou art,
Thou could'st not learn them.-Cowper. Homer. Iliad, b. i.

But a child whë he is beaten for his faute, or whê he

Despi'SEMENT. To look at or upon with thinketh his father is angry & loueth him not, is anone Despair: this is a permanent fear of losing some valuable DESPI'SER. contempt, with scorn; to desperate and discouraged.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 219. good, of suffering some dreadful evil, or remaining in a state of actual misery, without any niixture of hope.

DespISING, N. Whom when I saw assembled in such wise,

contemn, to scorn. Cogan. On the Passions, pt. i. c. 2. 8. 3.

Despicion. So desperately the battail to desire,

Chaucer renders-SpernenThen furthermore thus sayd I vnto them.

dus est, it is to despise; the only mode then Surrey. Viryile. Æneid, b. il.

It is true, indeed, that no man becomes at once desperately adopted for rendering the participles in rus and dus.

and irretrievably wicked.--Hurd. H'orks, vol. vi. Ser. 16. And if for desperatenesse ye care not for yourselues, yet

Despicion is frequent in Sir T. More. Temember your wiues, your children, your countrie, and This institution provides a retreat for these wretched outforsake this rebellion.--Sir J. Cheeke, The Hurt of Sedition. casts of society, -not for those only who by a single fault,

For he seide, “thou ne louest me nogt as thi sostren doth, seldom without its extenuations, have forfeited the protec

Ac despisest me in inyn olde liue, thou ne schalt never And yf we loke viito the lande, beholde, it shall be all darckenesse and sorowe. If we loke to heauen: beholde, it the most unpitied, but not always the most undeserving of tion of their nearest friends; but even for these, generally


Part habbe of my kyndom, ne of lond that myn ys. shal be darcke with carefull desperacion. pity among the daughters of Eve, whom desperation, the

R. Gloucester, p.31. Bible, 1551. Isaye, c. 5.

effect of their first false step, hath driven to the lowest walks Come, come away, fraile, silly, fleshly wight, of vulgar prostitution.-Bp. Horsley, Ser. 43.

And Favel hathe wi false speche.fetted hem by this lettere Ne let vaine words bewitch thy manly hart,

To be prynces of prude. and poverte to dispice.

Piers Plouhman, p. 28. Ne derelish thoughts dismay thy constant spright.

In heauenly mercies hast thou not a part?

Paule primus heremite, put vs hym selue
Why should'st thou then despaire, that chosen art.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 9. despatch. Found only in Speed.
DESPE'ED. To send with speed, haste, or

Awey into wildernesse, the world to despisen. - Id. Crede. How can I expiate my sin ? or hope

Wher ye han not rad this Scripture the stoon which the Though now I write myself thy slave, the service

Out of hand they despeeded certaine of their crue, to craue

bilders han dispisid this is mad into the heed of the corner. of my whole life can win thee to pronounce

Wiclif. Mark, c. 12. both pardon of their fact, and licence for choyce of some Despaird of pardon.-Massinger. Guardian, Act ill. sc. 6.

worthier primate.-Speed. King John, b. ix. c. 8. s. 31. Crist Kyng of Israel com down now fro the cros that we . What wight art thou! a foe? or else what fawning frend?

seen and bileeve: and thej that waren crucified with him 'f Death thou art, I pray thee make an end :

But King John, being no lesse earnest to further the pre- dispisiden him.-Id. Ib. c. 15.
With that she spake: I am (quoth she) thy friend Despaire, sent general cause, then they their particular ends, delayed
Which in distresse each worldly wight with speede do aide ; not their desires ; and despeeding his charters and safe con-

God chees the fehle thingis and dispisable thingis of the I rid them from their foes, if I to them repaire.

ducts to the Archbishop and his fellow exiles, hee as speedily world to confounde the stronge thingis.-Id. 1 Corynth. c. I. Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 66. arriued.--Id. Ib. b. ix. c. 8. s. 51.

Therefore se ghe that it come not to ghou that is bifore Which still sat waiting on that wastfull clift, For spoyle of wretches, whose vnhappy case, DE/SPICABLE, adj.

seid in the prophetis, ghe dispiseris, se ghe and woundra

Lat. Despicuri, de- ghe, and be ghe scaterid abrood.-Id. Dedis, c. 13. After lost credite and consumed thrift,

De'sPICABLENESS. spicabilis, to look down
At last them driuen hath to this despairefull drift.

Spenser. Faeric Queene, b. ii, c. 12.

For which thing I am plesid in myn ynfyrmytees, in dir-
upon, (sc.) as worth-
less. And thus, con-

pisingis, in nedis, in persecutiouns, in angwisschis for Crist. There he other sorts of cryes also used among the Irish,

Id. 2 Corynth. c. 12. DESPICIENCY. which favo'r greatly of the Scythian barbarisme; as their

sequentially,– lamentations at their buryals, with dispairfull out-cryes. DespE'CTION.

Of which shrewes, all be the hoost neuer so great, it is to Worthless, vile, mean, dispise, for it is not gouerned with no leader

of reason, but ld. State of Ireland. contemptible. See Despise.

it is rauished onely by fletyng errour, folily, and lightly. Whereas were there any such thing really, tis not likely

Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. but that the more cunning and subtle desperados, who might But if our shepherdes had been as well willing to feede as the more succesfully carry on the mischievous designs of to shere, we had needed no such dispicience, nor they to

Of which though there be an huge armie, yet it is to be the dark kingdom, should be oftener engaged in those black haue burnt so many as they haue.-Tyndall. 'Workes, p.287. despised, because it is not gouerned by any captaine, but is confederacles.-Glanvill. Witchcraft, s. 8. p. 34.

carried vp and downe by phantasticall errour without any So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse

In other terms, Christian humilitie is a clear inspection order at all.— Translation of Boecius, by 1. T. 1609.

into, and a full despection of ourselves. Met ever; and to shamefull silence brought,

Mountayue. Deroule Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 9. s. 1.

And so my fadir in this wise Yet gives not o'er though desperate of success,

The slepy nightes I despise ;
And his vain im tunity pursues.-Milton. Par. Reg. b.iv.

And euer
They who take then either of these guides, reason or grace,

middes of my tale Then with such eager blows each other they pursue, to carry them up the cliff of meditation, may cast down their

I thinke vpon the nightingale-Gouer. Con. 4. b. iv. As every offer made should threaten imminent death; thoughts in a calm despection of all those shining attractions, Until, through heat and toil both hardly drawing death, which they see to be so transitory.--Id. Ib.pt.i. Treat.19. s.6.

Behold ye despyxers and wonder, and perishe ye: for I do They desperately do close. Drayton. Poly-Olbion, 8. 12.

a worke in your dayes, which ye shall not beleue, ys a má How have the histories of all ages, and our own experi

woulde declare it you.Bible, 1551, Actes, c. 13. Consider, I bescech you, of the desperaleness and excessive ence, shown us by very frequent examples, men unex. unavoidable destructiveness of these monstrous ways to the pectedly, and upon many moments and occurrences,

So I say agayne, that we make none necessarye article of apeedy peace and settlement of our church and state, and of seemingly most small and inconsiderable, tumbled in a

the fayth of our parte, but leaue it indifferent for all men to the safety and security of the things yourselves have pitched moment from the most eminent and high degree of power,

iudge therein, as God shall open his hart, and no side to on for peace and settlement, in and by the treaty. into a most despised and despicable condition

condemne or despise the other but to nourish in all thynges Parliamentary Hisl. Charles I. 1648. Prynne. Speech.

Tlale. Cont. vol. i. Of Humility. brotherly love, and to beare others infinnities.

Frith. Workes, p.

170. The Lord Dighy, being hy himself, quickly considered the

We are men, which is a mercy far above any temporal desperateness of his condition: That it would not be possible affliction that we can suffer. God might have made us

But it were rather to bee iudged, that I were a tempter of to conceal himself long, being so well known to many who were in the Providence, and the garrison quickly knowing worms instead of men, such despicable creatures as are below

God, & a despiser of his holy ordinaunce, and would not bee common notice.--Bp. Wilkins. Of Nat. Religion, b. i. c. 17.

content with those remedies, that God hath appointed. whatsoever was spoken in the country.

Barnes. Workes, p. 337. Clarendon. Civil War, vol. i. p. 705.

Consider again, that he who is a servant to men, may be That place for paine so fearfull to the minde. the Lord's free-man; whereas he that is free among men,

They shall neither be gathered together nor buryed, but That dreames of it have desperation wrought. may be a slave to his lusts, and by them to the Devil: and

shal lye vpon the earth, to theyr shame and despysynge. Hath beene by some (to search such deeps inclin'd) therefore we ought neither to think despicably of them, nor

Bible, 1551. Jeremye, c. 8. No locall ground, but a privation thought.

to use them severely.--Hopkins. Expos, on 5th Commandm. The author sheweth manye of Luther's heresies to he 80 Surling. Domes-Day. The Eleventh Houre,

abhominable, & some part also so peuish, that the very bare Deepair is the thought of the unattainableness of any poor Gentiles, and to pride themselves in their prerogative to cause anye good menne abhorre them, and to be ashamed

It is very probable, that to shew their despiciency of the rehearsall is ynough without any ferther despicion therupö cood, which works differently in men's minds, sometimes

and discretion from them, they (the Jews) affected to have producing uneasiness or pain, sometimes rest and indolency.

also to seme so foolyshe as to holde them. Locke. Hum. Und. b. il. c. 20. such acts there done.-Mede. Diatr. p. 191.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 248. Nor with an idle care did he behold: But when my power is despicable grown,

Lest we ascribe to the one that which belongeth to the (Subjects may grieve, but monarchs must redress ;) And rebel appetites usurp the throne,

other, and make of Christ, Moses, of the gospell, the law, He cheers the fearful, and commends the bold, The soul no longer quiet thoughts enjoys,

despise grace and robbe fayth : & fal from meke learnypg And makes desprirers hope for good success. But all io tumult and eternal noise.

into idle despilions, drawling and scoldyng about wordes. Dryden. Anna Mirabilia. Pomfret. Love triumphant over Reason.

Tyndall Workes, p. 377.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

For-thy, she would not in discourteous wise
And whan she herde him werne her so,

“ Fr. Despouiller,-to strip, uncloath, dis-array; Scorne the faire offer of good will protest;

She had in hert so great woo
For great rebuke is, loue to despise,

And toke it in so great despite

despoyl; take away, unfurnish, deprive or bare of; Or rudely sdeigne a gentle hart's request. That she without more respite

to rob,” (Cotgrave.)
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 1. Was deed anon.--Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.

Tho the Romeyns were wythont chef, dyscomfortit hii were
The interests of religion, in the maintenance of truth, are
On which he said how that his wives three

And to spradde hem her & ther & the othere after vaste, not so despisable, as that he that hath appeared or embarked Honged hemself for hertes despitous,

And slowe & despoylede, and to grounde hem caste. in them, can safely neglect the advantages which evil arts Id. The Iif of Bathes Prologue v. 6343.

R. Gloucester, p. 212. may yield, or furnish an adversary against him.

And he in derke mete
Sone after cometh this constable home again,
Hammond. Works, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 415.
And eke Alla, that king was of that lond,

With robbours and with revers. that riche men despoilen.

Piers Plouhman, p. 218.
And saw his wife despitously yslein,
Therefore he sent foolishness to confute wisdom, weakness

For which ful oft he wept and wrong his hond.
to blind strength, despisedness to vanquish pride.

Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5025. dignities, and defouled of my name by gessyny, have suffred

And I that am put away from good men, and dispoiled of Milton. Reason of Church Government, b. ii. c. 1.

Where their sect hath already fordone the faith, pulled turmentes for my good deeds.--Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. For he (Pyrrhus) was a man that could tell how to humble

down the churches, polluted the temples, put out and spoyled himself towards the great (by whom he might win benefit)

And for that nothing of hire olde gere al good religious folke, joyned frers and nūnes together in

She shoulde bring into his hous, he bad and know also how to creep into their credit; and in like

lechery, despited al sayntes, &c.
manner was he a great scorner and despiser of such as

That women shuld despoilen hir right there,
Sir T. More. Workes p. 284.

Of which thise ladies weren nothing glad
were his inferiours.-North. Plutarch, p. 331.

The gouernour allowed vs horses and a guide vnto another

To handle hire clothes wherin she was clad.
And lastly, in regard of his easie passage through Italie towne, wherein wee found one Michaas to be gouernour, a

Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8250. without resistance, hee (Charles VIII.) entred into an ouer- man full of malice and despight.

The clothed erth is than bare, much despising of the armies of the Italians.

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 64.

Dispoiled is the summer fare. -Gower. Con. A. b. viii.
Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 143.
First we trust that among the clergy ther be many men

Then the kynge rose and wente downe the scaffolde to the
Surely it is the contempt and despisement of worldly of that goodnes & vertue, ył scante a deuyll could finde in hygh auter to be sacred, at whiche consecracy on there were
wealth, that is a great heip and meanes to learning and
his harte to handle them in such dispitious and dispightfull

two archbysshoppes, and ten bysshoppes, and before the philosophy.--Holland. Pluiarch, p. 128. manner.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 308.

aulter ther he was dispoyled out of all his ventures of estate.

Berners. Froissart. Cronicle, vol. ii. c. 246.
The shall they be in carefulnesse, whyche nowe have
The appearance of the service he did him was such, that
the king thought it fit to treat him (Monk] with great
abused my wayes : and they that haue cast them oute de-

Luc. What's that?
distinction, even after he saw into him, and despised him.
spightfullye, shal dwell in paynes.

Lam. My poor life,
Burnet. Own Time, an. 1660.

Bible, 1551. Esdras, b. iii. c. 9.

Which do not leave me as a farther torment,

Having dispoil'd me of my sword, mine honor,
Policy, the great idol of a carnal reason, is that which in- lykewise vnto all the kinges prices whë they heare of this
And so shal the princesses in Persia, and Media saye

Hope of my ladies grace, fame and all else
sensibly works the soul to a despisal of religion.

That made it worth the keeping.
South, vol. viii. Ser. 13.

dede of the quene; thus shall there aryse despytefulnes and
wrathe ynoughe.--Id. Esther, c. 1.

Beaum. & Fletch. Love's Cure, Act v. sc. 1.
I suppose it will be easily granted, that he who acts in a

Both I and hee that siely beast sustaine

But that which gladded all the warrior-train, continual repugnancy to God's Spirit, by a despisal of all his

For louing well and bearing faithfull harts,

Thou;h most were sorely wounded, none wire slain, holy motions and suggestions, sins, and that at a very high

Despilous checks, and rigorous disdaine,

The surgeons soon despoild them of their arms, strain.-Id. vol. xi. Ser. 11. 12.

Where both hath well deserued for our parts,

And some with salves they cure, and some with charms. For friendship I, for offred seruice hee,

Dryden Palamon & Arcite, The waters of Jordan had no natural efficacy to cleanse a And yet thou neyther loouste the dog nor me. leper ; in the rod of Moses there was no power to divide the

Turberville. To his Loue.

What money was obtained is unknown, or what terms sea, but, when ordained by God to these purposes, the sea

were stipulated for the maintenance of these despoiled and fled back at the touch of Moses's rod, and the leprosy of

While diuerse partes of Christendome, some by the cruell forlorne creatures; for by some particulars it appears as if a Naaman was purged by the so much despised waters of Turkes are assaulted, and some by sundry sectes of here- engagement of the kind was made.

Burke. On Mr. Fox's East India Bill.
tikes through inward deuisio dispiteously mangled and torne.
Israel. --Sherlock, vol. i. Dis. 3.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1379.
To such a being as I have just mentioned the difference

DESPO'ND, v. Despond is not in Junius,
Then having taken certain players and minstrels that
may be as considerable and imperceptible between the

came from Massina, he (Cleomenes) set up a stage within DESPO'NDENT. Skinner, or Minshew. despiser and the despised, as the difference between two of

the enemies countrey, made a game of forty minas for the
the meanest insects may seem to us.

Lat. Despond-ere, to pledge,
victor, and sate a whole day to look upon them, for no
Fielding. The Covent Garden Journal, No. 61.

DespO'NDENCY. to betroth, (de, and spondere,
pleasure he took in the sight of it, but more to despight the
enemies withall, in making them see how much he was

DESPO'NDER. to pledge.) See To Corre-
DESPI'TE, v. Fr. Despiter, despit ; stronger than they to make such a maygame in their own DESPO'NDINGLY. SPOND.
Despite, n.
It. Dispetto. This word country, in despight of them.-North. Plutarch, p. 672.

Despondere is, also, to despair of. Holland
DESPITEFUL. is usually referred to the
Which when shee heard, as in despightfull wise,

renders Livy (3. 38) desponderant animos; they DESPITEFULLY. same origin as despise. But She wilfully her sorrow did augment

let fall their hearts and were discouraged. And Despi'TEFULNESS. the existence of the un- And offred hope of comfort did despise.

Varro says,

Qui desponderat filiam, despondisse Despiteous. compounded spite in En

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 1.

dicebatur, quod de sponte ejus, id est, ex voluntate Despi'TEOUSLY. glish, and spit, spiten in

But chiefely Paridell his hart did grate,
To heare him threaten so despightfully,

exierat.” And, “ Sic despondisse animum quoque Dutch, causes Junius to hesitate. If these words

As if he did a dogge to kennell rate

dicitur, ut despondisse filiam, quod suæ spontis be of northern origin, he fixes upon the Ger. That durst not bark.

Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 9.

statuerat finem ;" because he had put an end to Spitten, spuere, despuere,—to spit, to spit down, as

They are not pleased again, till they have gotten him into his own free will ; his own freedom or liberty of the root. In Goth. Spey-an; A. S. Spat-an. their inquisition, to examine him with despightfulness and action. And thusSpite being--dedignatio et contemptus rei, ad torture. - Ilammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 679.

To yield, resign or abandon ; (sc.) from hope. cujus mentionem fastidiosè despuimus,—disdain or

Nath'lesse it fell with so despitious dreare

lessness or despair ; to give up or relinquish hope; contempt of any thing, at the mention of which

And heauy sway, that hard vnto his crowne

to despair.
we spit contumeliously. A forcible illustration The shield it droue, and did the couering reare.
occurs, Mar. viii. 65, “ Sume agunnum him on

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8. To morrow is in God's hand, and the care of it is his, and

not ours, and therefore he bids us take no thonght of tospartan;" which Wiclif renders, Summe bigunnen Despiteous reproaches are never seemely and decent in the

morrow; that is, with no tormenting, carking, and despondto bi-spete him ;” manifesting their spite or despite mouth of a magistrate and man of honour.

Holland. Plutarch, p. 299. ing, thoughts. -- Hopkins. Praci. Expos. on the Lord's Prayer strongly enough. And to this day, “ To spit his spite" is a common expression. And G. Douglas,

Tho' it becomes the best of men to have a yielding and a Some of whom formerly hee had caused to bee despiteously

soft spirit under the afflicting hand of God, yet be careful to (in the Preface, l. 44.) “ I spitte for dispitte.The dragged at horse-heeles, for the terrour of others.

Speed. King John, b. ix. c. 8. s. 23. bear up thyself under the power and goodness of God from applications of despite are more various and exten

fainting and despondence.- -Hale. Cont. vol. i. Of Afflictions. sive than those of despise.

She look'd to sea-ward, but the sea was void,
And scarce in ken the sailing ships descry'd :

To insist upon every particular circumstance, whereby
To act with spite, with contempt, with malig-

Stung with despight, and furious with despair,

men may aggravate their afflictions, is the ready means nity, with malicious anger, mischievous resent.

She struck her trembling breast, and tore her hair. to add fuel to their impatience, and to drive them to ment, resistance or opposition; to harass, to vex,

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. iv. despondency.Bp Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. i. c. 17. to cross, to thwart, to defy.

This with the hazard of the squire,
Inflam'd him with despiteful ire;

Thus mercy stretches out her hand, and saves
And hadden despit, that wommon kyng schulde be.
Courageously he fac'd about

Desponding Peter sinking in the waves.
R. Gloucester, p. 37. And drew his other pistol out.-Judibras, pt. i. c. 3.

Dryden. Britannia Redivira.
Tille Emme, Hardknoute's moder, he did a grete outrage Let the lying lips be put to silence : which cruelly, dis-

This (sincerity and integrity of the heart) enables a man His brother a foule despite, him self vileyn skandre. [i.e. dainfully, and despitefully speak against the righteous,

to look back without horror, to look about him without slander.) R. Brunne, p. 53.

shame, to look within without confusion, and to look forward Bible. Psalm xxxi. 18.

without despondency.-Stillingfleet, vol. ii. Ser. 5. For he litheth and loveth that Godes lawe despiteth,

Let us examine him with despitefulness and torture that
Piers Plouhman, p. 116. we may know his meekness and prove his patience.

For a despondent sinner to think thus of himself, that God

Id. Wisdom, ii. 19. will expect perfection from a man answerable to the measure An hep of eremites. henten hem spades

of an angel, or that God will triumph in the mere tormenta Spitten & spradde donge. in despil of honger.-Id. p. 137. DESPO'IL, v. Fr. Despouiller ; It. Dispo. of his creatures, or that he delights in their ruin; it is a sin Wher & pottere of cley hath no power to make of the ghare; Lat. Despoliare. The Lat. Spolium, Tooke equal to atheism: yea it is in some respects worse than

derives from the A. S. Spill-an, privare. Vossius atheism.- Balcs. On the F'ear of God, c. 15.
sem: gobet oo vessel into onour, a nothir into dispyte.
Wiclif. Romaynes, c. 9. merely conjectures.

| I am no desponder in my nature.Swift.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

The people, when once infected, lose their relish for DE-SPUME. Lat. Spuma, from spu-ere, ! Stage-playes—they had their rise from Hell; woe Christians happiness, saunter about with looks of despondence, ask after the calamities of the day, and receive no comfort but

DESPUMA’TION. J and that from A. S. Sprow-ian.

our natiuite, and descent from Healien: they were at trst

deuoted (yea, yet continue destinatrd) vnto Satan : we were In heightening each others distress.

“ Fr. Despumer,—to clarifie, to scum the foam

at first baptized into, fet, consecrated wholy vnto Christ, Goldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 68. or froath off,” (Cotgrave.)

Prynne. Histrio-Mastix, pt. i. act li. Mr. Banks set out without delay; and found his Indian friend leaning his head against a post, in an attitude of the

Note by the way, that if honey be despumed, that is to say,

For l. they might both die and be damned too, or if as utmost languor and despondency. skummed and clarified, it is evermore the better for any use.

Volkelius saith, the word Korwrtai, obdormiscuni, sleep, be Cook. Voyage, vol. i. b. i. c. 11.

Holland, Plinie, b. xxi. c. 24.

never used in the New Testament, of those that are destined

to eternal destruction, then still may this be very reconSwift, without a penny in his purse, was despondingly

As touching the former hydromel, if it be made as it

cileable with our interpretation that many for this cause are looking out of his window to gape away his time. should be, of despumed and clarified honey, it is of singular

weak and sickly and many others sleep. Sheridan. Life of Swift. use in that exquisite and spaire diet fit for sicke persons.

Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 315, Id. Ib.

For in this terrestrial state there are few things transacted, DESPO'NSAGE. Lat. Desponsum, past The Nuids of the body appear to possess a power of sepa

even in our intellectual part, but through the help and furDESPONSA'TION. part. of Despondere, to rating and expelling any noxious substance which may have therance of corporal instruments; which by more than orDespO'NSORY.

itself with . in fevers dinary usage loose their edge and fitness for action, and so pledge, to betroth. See by a kind of despumation, as Sydenham talis it, analogous grow inept for their respective destination. DESPOND. Cockeram has desponsated, betrothed, in some measure to the intestine action by which ferment

Glanvri. The Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 12. ing liquors work the yest to the surface. of the same name there was also another Ethelbert of the

Paley. Natural Theology, c. 26. It is vndoubtedly true that the destinating, and deuoting East Angles, a good prince, who by the aduice of his councell

of vnprofitable, pleasureable, heathenish, scandalous, and persuaded to marriage (though against his will) went peaceablie to King Offa for desponsage of Athilrid his daughter.

DESSERT. Fr. Dessert, from Lat. Deservire.

ynnecessary inventions, doeth make not onely the denoted

indiuidualls; but likewise the whole kinde it selfe, vnlaw. Fox. Martyrs, p. 103. A word in Skinner's time but lately introduced. full vnto Christians.-Prynne. Histrio-Mastix, pt. i. Act il. Yer she was a person of a rare sanctity, and so mortified The last course or service at table; of fruits,

For the destinie whereof they were worthy, drew them a spirit, that for all this desponsation of her according to the comfits, sweetmeats, &c.

unto this end, and made them forget the things that had desires of her parents, and the custome of the nation, she had not set one step toward the consummation of her mar

We shall, to make amends, endeavour afterwards, in our

already happened, that they mighi fulfil the punishment riage, so much as in thought. following miscellany, to entertain him again with more

which was wanting to their torments.--Bible. Wisdome, c.19. Bp. Taylor. The Great Exemplar, pt. i. s. I.

chearful fare, and afford him a dessert, to rectify his palat,
and leave his mouth at last in good relish,

But who can turne the streame of destinie,

Or breake the chaine of strong necessitie, Insomuch that afterwards, upon the news from Rome

Shaftesbury. Miscel. Reflec. vol. iii. Misc. 4.

Which fast is tide to Joue's eternall seate ? that the dispensation was granted, the Prince having left the desponsorios in the hands of the Earl of Bristol, in which "Tis the dessert that graces all the feast,

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. i. c. 3. the Infanta Don Carlos was constituted the Prince's proxy For an ill end disparages the rest :

Mark well the place where first she lays her down, to marry the Infanta on his behalf, &c.

A thousand things well done, and one forgot,

There measure out thy walls, and build thy town, Clarendon. Ciril War, vol. i. p. 36. Defaces obligation by that blot.-King. Art of Cookery. And from thy guide Bæotia call the land,

In which the destin'd walls and town shall stand. That in case the said Earl should insist upon the delivering of the desponsories, he would hold himself freed from DE'STINE, v. Fr. Destiner ; It. Desti

Addison. Ovid. Melam. b.vji. the treaty by the said Earl's infringing of the capitulation.

DE'STINABLE, adj. nare; Sp. Destinar ; Lat.

(Who can withhold love from one) resembling him not in Stale Trials. The Duke of Buckingham, an. 1626. DE'STINABLY, ad. Destinare, (de, and stare, temper of body or lineaments of face, but in conformity of

DE'STINATE, v. to stand.) Destinare est judgment and practice ; partner of the one inheritance, and DESPOT, n. Fr. Déspote; It. and Sp.

destinated to lead a life with him through all eternity, in

DE'stinate, adj. aliquid ad finem certum peacefull consortship of joy and bliss! DESPO'TICK, adj. Despoto; "Mid. Lat. Des- Destination. ordinare.

Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 3. DESPOʻTICAL. pota ; Gr. Δεσποτης, δεσπο- DE'stinAL, adj. To stand, set or place, DESPOʻTICALLY. Sexv, to rule or govern. DE'STINY, n. (sc.) any fixed or certain nature, not so much for the personal preservation of the

Those temporary parts appear to have been designed by DE'SPOTISM.

Fr. Déspote,-a despot, end or purpose; to ordain, to appoint, to doom, female as for the propagation of the species : which desti-the chief or sovereign lord of a country.” to adjudge, to determine, to devote.

nation not coming to be accomplished, till a woman, for

instance, has attained to a competent age, appears to have (Cotgrave.)

Thei don men deye thorgh here drynkes. er destyne hit

been preordained by the author of mankind for the contiA hushand's power over his wife is paternal and friendly,

Piers Plouhman, p. 143.

nuation of it.-Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 423. not magisterial and despotick.Bp. Taylor, vol. i. Ser. 18.

Wherfore it is none inconuenient if in that manner bee But 'tis agreed, that there is Fatum Christianum, a cer

said, God to forne haue destenied both badde; and her badde tain destiny of every thing, regulated by the foreknowledge Egypt, another Paradise, now barbarous and desart, and almost waste by a despoticall government of an imperious

werkes, whan hem ne their yuell deedes neither amēdeth, and providence of God. Turk.-Burton. Democritus, to the Reader, p. 48. ne therto hem grace leaueth.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii.

Clark & Leibnitz. Mr. Leibnitz's Fifth Paper

Hence in the race,
Lo, herof cometh & herof is doen this miracle of the order
What Kings decree, the soldier must obey

All emulous, he hears the clashing whips,
Wag'd against foes : and when the wars are o'er,
deslincble.-Id. Boecius, b. iv.

He feels the animating shouts : exerts
Fit only to maintain despotick power.
And all be it so, that these things ben diuers, yet neuer-

With eagerness his utmost powers; and strains,
Dryden. Sigismonda & Guiscardo.
thelesse, hanged that one on that other, for why, the order

And springs, aud flies, to reach the destin'd goal.

Dodsley. Agriculture, C. S. This liberty is best preserved when the legislative power deslinably procedeth of the simplicitie of purueighaunce.

Id. 1, is lodged in several persons, especially if those persons are

Which of us in setting out upon a visit, a diversion, or an of different ranks and interests; for were they all of the

But I aske if there by any liberty of free wil, in this order

affair of business, apprehends a possibility of not arriving at same rank, and consequently have an interest to manage of causes, yt cleaué thus togither in himselfe, or else I

the place of his destination : yet at the same time does not peculiar to that rank, it differs but little from a despotical

would weten if that the destinali chaine, constraineth the apprehend himself at liberty to alter his course in any part government in a single person.-Spectator, No. 287. mouing of the courages of men.-Id. Ib. b. v.

of his progress.--Search. Light of Nature, vol. ii. pt. iii. c. 26. To their favourite sons or brothers, they imparted the And if so be thou wilt not do me grace,

Thus the Pagans had the same notion with that which is more lofty appellation of lord or despot, which was illus

Or if my destinee be shapen so,

mentioned in Scripture, of a double destiny depending upon trated with new ornaments and prerogatives, and placed

human choice.-- Jortin. Remarks on Eccles. History.

That I shall nedes have on of hem two, immediately after the person of the emperor himself.

As sende me him that most desireth me.
Gibbon. Roman Empire, c. 53.

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2325. DE'STITUTE, v. Fr. Destituer ; Sp. DesAs virtue is necessary in a republic, and in a monarchy, But nove I am nothyng agast,

DE'STITUTE, n. tituir; Lat. Destituere, deshonour, so fear is necessary in despotic government; with I thank God : for Lachesis,

De'stitute, adj. titutum. The Fr. and Sp. regard to virtue, there is no occasion for it; honour would Ne Cloto, whiche hir felawe is,

DE'STITUTELY, from the verb; the Eng be extremely dangerous. Me shopen no suche destinee,

Montesquicu. The Spirit of Laws, b. ill. c. 9.

from the past part. The Whan thei at my natiuitee

My wordes setten as thei wolde.-Goxer. Con. A. b. iv. Lat. destituere, (composed of de, and statuere, to What torments then must curse their guilty hours,

fix,) is, defigere, deponere, to unfix, to displace Who live immurd in citadels and towers?

When the chylde is horne, thou as the father shalt geue it Who think, mistrustful of their menial band,

or pull down; and then, derelinquere, to leave a name, not a name after thine own fantasie, but that name Each slave conceals a dagger in his hand ! that God, agreeably vnto the thyng, did destinate and ap

helpless, Such chastisements the Gods for those ordain poynt vnto hym, before the creation of the worlde.

To leave weak, or helpless, or in want; to de. Who uncontroi'd despotically reign.

Udal. Matthew, c. 1. sert, to forsake, to abandon, to deprive.
Fawkes. Fragments of Menander.

They hold moreouer, to be no purgatorie, nor that the
Despotism,-sincere, unalloy'd rigid despotism, is the only suffrages of the church doo auaile the dead, either to lesse

This faire lady on this wise destitute form of government which may with safety to itself neglect

Of all comfort and consolation.-Chaucer. Teet. of Cres. the paine of them that be destinat to hell, or to increase the the education of its infant poor.--Bp. Horsley, vol. i. Ser. 10. glorie of them that be ordeined to saluation.

For the princes and magistrates ought to conuerte the

Fox. Martyrs, p. 170. Articles of the Greck Church. DE-SPREAD, v. To spread abroad.

goodis of these ydle erth burdens into the sustentacion of Nevertheles these fortuned not vnto me either by myne

the poore, and maintayne teachers and scelers leming the Her ivorie forehead, full of bounty braue owne peculyar destenye, neyther yet for any euill that I dyd. ministracion be not destituted lemed men at any tyme,

tongues and Holy Scriptures, so that the chirches and ciuile Like a broad table did itself dispred.

Udal. 2 Timothye, c. 3.

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 5. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3.

The King (Edgar) inflam'd with her (Elfrida) love the Sirs, quod the Lorde of Couey, we repute you for good Her yellowe locks crisped like golden wire,

more for that he had been so long defrauded and robb'd of and trewe and valyaüt men, but we haue consydred diuers About her shoulders weren loosely shed,

ker, resolv'd not only to recover his intercepted right, but thynger : wynter aprocheth, and we are destytuie of vitaylen And when the wind amongst them did inspire, to punish the interloper of his destin'd spouse.

and other prouyxions. They waved like a penon wide dispred.--Id. Ib.

Milton. History of England, b. v.

Berners. Proissart. Crongele, vol. ii. c. 176

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

She heyng destilulely lefte withoute comforte of husbande, For ye Romains ar but destroiers of peasible people, and Sweet nature, stripp'd of her embroider'd robe, of children, of children's children, of all the worlde's solace, theues to rob from other, that they sweate for.

Deplores the wasted regions of her globe ;
bath reposed all her whole hope in God.

Golden Boke, c. 31. And stands a witness at truth's awful bar,
Udal, 1 Timothye, c. 5.
Loe good readers, nowe haue you a great high tragicall

To prove you there destroyers as ye are.
His ladie and wife destiluled of all honour and liuings, waruing with not a little tast but a gret tunne fulle at once,

Cowper. Heroism.
liueth a dolefull and miserable life.
of my mischeuious pernicious false pestilent peruertinge

Therefore forms, qualities and essences are producible by Holinshed. Ireland, Epist. Ded. by Hooker, and destroyinye of the pure sense of Goddes holye woordes composition, destructible by dissolution, and interchangeablo

in this one place, which he wil shal ståde for a playne profe among one another by the various stationing of the mateIt is the sinfullest thing in the world, to forsake or desti- that I dooe the same in all other places.

rials composing them. Inte a plantation, once in forwardness. For besides the

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1103.

Search. Light of Nature, vol. ii. pt. i. c. 2. dishonour, it is the guiltinesse of bloud, of many commisserable persons.-Bacon, Ess. Of Plantations. O come hither, and behold the workes of the Lorde, what

DESU'ETUDE. Lat. De, and suere, quasi destructions he hath brought vpon the earthe. As for the rest of the rebels, they (being destituted of their

usu ire,—to go by use or usage, to accustom.

Bible, 1551. Psalme 46. head) without stroke stricken, submitted themselues ynto

Disuse; neglect or forbearance of use. the King's mercie.--Id. Hen. VII. p. 183.

And now,
Through all restraint broke loose, he wings his way

It is easily seen, that those things which a man useth
With granted leave officious I return,

Not far off heav'n, in precincts of light

himself unto, so that they seem to become another nature; But much more wonder that the Son of God

Directly towards the new created world,

yet some desuetude from them evidences to him, that they In this wild solitude so long should bide

And man there plac't, with purpose to assay

are not so necessary and unseparable as he once thought Of all things destitute, and well I know,

If him by force he can destroy, or worse,

them.-Hale. Cont. vol. ii. Of Self-denial.
Not without hunger. Milton. Par. Reg. b. if.
By some false guile pervert. Milton. Par. Lost, b. iii.

As this assistance of Presbyters was at first for necessity,
The understanding, when it ceases to be ennobled with

Whatsoever is in the world is but in Os exovoa, matter

and after by custom it grew a law, so now retro, first the excellent things, is made ignorant as a swine, dull as the so and so modified or qualificd, all which modifications and

necessity failed, and then the desuetude abrogated the law, foot of a rock; and the affections are in the destitution of

which before, custome had established.
qualifications of matter are in their own nature destroyable,
their perfective actions made tumultuous, vexed and dis-
and the matter itself (as the basis of them, not necessarily

Bp. Taylor. Episcopacy Asserted. composed, to the height of rage and violence.

determin'd to this or that accident) is the only a fewnTON A defect or desuetude of these latter (confirmations) must Bp. Taylor, vol. ii. Ser. 19. Kai avwe Opov, the only necessary existent.

no less starve and alter, than a superfluity of the former Sometime to gentle Tiber I retire,

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 70. (ordinations) overstock the church. Both of them, I am And the fam'd river's empty shores admire,

sure, likely to prove fatal to it.-South, vol. v. Ser. 1.

Hugo amongst these troops spy'd many more,
That destitute of strength derives its course

Who had, as brave destroyers, got renown;

This is the only instance in which wise laws have suffered
From thirsty urus and an unfruitful source.
Addison. 4 Letter from Italy.
And many forward wounds in boast they wore,

a sort of tacit repeal by a general consent in the neglect of Which if not well reveng'd, had ne'er been shown.

them, and have passed into desuetude; and in such cases 0, my friends, have pity on this poor destitute, for the

Davenant. Gondibert, b. i. c. 2. the old law cannot safely be restored but by new enacthand of God hath touched her.

ments.--Horsley. Speech on the Adultery Bill,
What little ground there is to persuade a man, left to his
P. St. John. Sermon, (1737,) p. 224.

own free reason, that God should be pleased with the killing DESU'LTORY, adj. Lat. Desilire, -sulGiving my body to be burned-martyrdom itself-laying and burning of beasts, or with the destroying of such things


tum, (de, and salire, to down my life for religion-has nothing in it acceptable to by fire of which better use may be made, if they were dis

Dest'lTORINESS, leap.) Desultor, qui
God, if it be destitute of this great principle, [charity.) posed of some other way.
Gilpin, vol. iv. Ser. 6.
Bp. Wilkins. Of Natural Religon, b. i. c. 12. DesultOʻRJOUS.

binos trahens equos, ex Friendship is the balm and cordial of life, and, without

uno mira celeritate in alterum transiliret,( Vossius.)

The world which perished by water, was no other than the it, 'tis a heavy load not worth sustaining, -I am unhappy, sublunary world; the heaven whereof is that which we call Leaping, starting, moving quickly from one --thy mother and thyself at a distance from me; and what air, but the Scripture heaven ; which sublunary heaven, thing to another; moving by fits and starts; uncan compensate for such a destitution.-Sterne, Let. 91. together with the earth, was marred by that general deluge; steady, inconstant, unsettled, wavering.

and the creatures, belonging to them both, either wholly DESTROY, v. Fr. Destruire, détruire; destructed, or marvellously corrupted from that they were For as it happens in dreams and madnes, where the arguDESTROYABLE. Sp. Destruir; It. Distrug.

before.-Mede. Paraphrase on St. Peter, (1642.) p. 12. ment is good, and the discourse reasonable oftentimes ; but DestroYER.

gere ;
Lat. Destruere,

because it is inferred from weak phantasms, and trifling and We fear'd, that the fanatic war,

imperfect notices of things and obscure apprehensions, thereDestrO'YING, N. destructum; de, and stru- Which men against God's houses did declare,

fore it is not only desultorious and light, but insignificant, Destru'ct, v. ere, which Vossius thinks Would from the Almighty enemy bring down

and far from ministering to knowledge.

A sure destruction on our own.
DESTRUCTIBLE. is from Gr. Tepe-OELV ;

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. i. c. 2.
Cowley. Ode upon his Majesty's Restoration and Return.
DESTRU'CTION. i. e. firmum solidumque

Most readers, and even many learned men, peruse the
DestRU'OTIVE. reddere ; and thus, equi-
Thou fly'st thy country and more happy state

Scripture so slightly and desultorily, that so transient and
To seek in some strange land a stranger fate,
DESTRU'CTIVELY. valent to the English

superficial a view makes thein overlook in it a multitude of And under foreign climes and unknown stars,

excellent and instructive things. Destructiveness. verb, to build, (see To T encounter hazards and destruclire wars.

Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 786.

Sherburne. Forsaken Lydia.
CONSTRUCT;) and to de-

I say therefore, in which epistles, are some things hard to
The main of our affliction ariseth from the destructiveness

be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable To pull down any building or structure ; any of the sentence, as being therein contrary to that other our

(that are unlearned, i. e. unskilled and unversed in divine thing built or constructed; to demolish; to overfundamental native right which enjoins, That fines should

things : unstable, i.e. of light, desullory, unbalanced minds,) have regard to the qualities of the persons.

wrest as they do other Scriptures, to their own destruction. throw, to subvert, to lay waste, to ruin ; to put to

State Trials. John Liburne, an. 1653.

Allerbury, vol, iii. Ser. 9. death, to kill.

Consider I beseech you, of the desperateness and excessive Much of the seeming desultoriness of my method, and Edwyne wende tho anon out of ys owe lond,

unavoidable destruclireness of these monstrous ways to the frequency of my rambling excursions, have been but intenAnd destrude wyde aboute. R. Gloucester, p. 242.

speedy peace and settlement of our church and state, and of tional and charitable digressions out of my way, to bring

the safety and security of the things yourselves have pitched some wandering friends unto theirs, and may closely enough Laste the hye emperour for his outrage on for peace and settlement in and by the treaty.

pursue my intentions, even when they seem most to deviato Come and distruye al hys lond. Id. p. 46.

Parliament. Hist. an. 1648. Mr. Prynne's Speech. from my theme.- Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 254. To the Reader. The ferthe sorow of this lond com thorgh the Danes,

Why should we not rather permit men to use their under- This makes my reading wild and desullory: and I seek The folk of the north slouh, destroied ther wanes.

standings as well as they can ; and where they fail of the refuge from the uneasiness of thought from any book, let it R. Brunne, p. 8.

truth, to bear with them, as God himself without question be what it will, that can engage my attention.
My castels he takes, & seises my cites
will; than by stickling for every unnecessary truth, destroy

Warburton. Let. Feb. 2, 1740.
Destruction he makes of rentes and fees. Id. p. 208.

that peace, and love, and amity, that ought to be among
Christians.-Sharp, vol. i. Ser. 1.

DESU'ME. Lat. Desumere, (de, and sumere,
And the Farisees wenten out and maden a counseil agens

to take.) Sce Consume.
him : how thei schulden disirge him.-Wiclif. Matt. c. 11. The dry land surface we find naturally every where almost

To take away.
carpeted over with grass, and other agreeable wholesome
And thei hadden on hem a kyng the aungel of depnesse plants; propagating themselves in a manner every where,

It is not with intent to reproach the Scripture, or those to whom the name bi Ebrew is Lanbadon, but bi Greek Ap

and scarcely destroynble by the weather, the plough or any phrases that are desumed from it, but to shew the boldness pollioun, and by Latyn he hath a name Extermynans, that art.--Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 11.

and mistakes of them that have misapplied or abused them. is a destrier.-Id. Apocalips, c. 9.

Hale. Coni, vol. i. Of Religion.
For if I schal glorie ony thing more of onre power which
A victory so early, so complete and so cheaply purchased,

Nor is this Salamander's wool desumed from any animal
the Lord ghaf to us into edifying and not into shoure dis-
that we have some reason to hope it may fix the fortune of

but a minerall substance, metaphorically so called from this Frucioun I schal not be schamed.-Id. 2 Cor. c. 10.

the war, and put an end to the destructions of the destroyer.

Atterbury, vol. i. Ser. 1.

received opinion.--Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 14.
The time eke that chaungeth all,
And all doeth waxe, and fostred be
That heavenly virgin, that exalted goodness

Every man mast needs see that in the natural course of

things this pebble doth suppose, as preexistent to it, the And all thing destroyeth he.-Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.

Could see me tortur'd with despairing love,
With artful tears could mourn my monstrous sufferings,

more simple matter out of which it is desumed, the heat and

infiuence of the sun, and the due preparation of the matter; But how this toune came to destruction

While her base malice plotted my destruction.
Ne falleth not to purpose me to tel,

Smith. Phædra & Hippolitus, Act iü,

which takes up a competent time, and that necessarily,

before this pebble had its complete being.
For it were a long digression. Id. Troilus, b. i.
Loaded with gold, he sent his darling, far

Hale. Origin, of Mankind, p. 76.
Upon a tyme as it befelle
From noise and tumults, and destruclire war:

In some cases this kind of vessel is inferiour to those
Ayenst Jude and Israell,

Committed to the faithless tyrant's care.

tubulated retorts, that were of old in use, and mentioned by Whan sondry kynges come were

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. iii.

Basilius Valentinus, and from which Glauber probably
In purpose to dostroie there
And first, for the doctrine that states the time of repentance

desumed that, which we have been speaking of.
The people, whiche God kept tho.-Gower, Con. A. b, vii.
destructively to a pious life.--South, vol. vii. Ser. 6.

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 140.
Wherof it melt, and from the hight

Which may appear by that part of our eighteenth experi-
Withoutten helpe of any slight,

Helmont doth somewhere wittily call the fire the destructor ment whence the matter of fact is desumed.
He (Icarus) fell to his destruction. Id. 16. b. iv. and artificial death of things.- Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 527.

Id. 16. vol. i.


182. 527

[ocr errors]

stroy ;

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« PredošláPokračovať »