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DETA'CH, v. De, and tach, from the So crauing expedition of his demand, minding to pro- He sheveth incidētly wherfore it were not reason in 3 DETA'CHED. A. S. Toc-an, capere, to take.

ceede further south without long detention in those partes, detection of heresy, to sufler, the witnesses published and DETA'CHEDLY.

the crime wel proued, any new witnesses to be receiued for To take from or away ; to

he dismissed them after promise given to their best en

deauour to satisfie speedily his so reasonable request. the partie that is accused.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 211, DETACHMENT. remove anything attached,

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 150.

Duke. I neuer heard the absent Duke much detected for (qv.) any thing fixed, fastened, united or con

For pity now she can no more detain him;

women, he was not enclind that way. joined-to disunite, disjoin, separate, send part The poor fool prays her that he may depart:

Shakespeare. Meas, for Meas. Act iii. sc. 2 away.

She is resolv'd no longer to restrain hii;

I mean not in speaking this to upbraid or detect Timoleon,

Bids him farewell, and look well to her heart. The Elector sent Count Mercy with a considerable body,

for that he accepted a fair house the Syracusans gave him to pass the Khine near Basil, and on design to break into

Shakespeare. Venus & Adonis.

in the city, and a goodly mannor also in the countrey : for Frenche Comte : but a detached body of the French lying in

in such cases there is no dishonesty in receiving, but yet it

The commandment of the writ being to shew the cause of their way there followed a very sharp engagement. his detaining in prison, the keeper of the gate-house doth

is greater honesty to refuse then to take. Burnet. Own Time, an. 1709. not give a full answer unto the writ, unless the cause of the

North. Plutarch, p. 237. Brief notices of different particulars of this case, are given detainment in prison be returned.

Now before I leave this, I shall take the opportunity, detachedly by Rushworth and Whitelocke; and the judge

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iii. c. 9. which this head offers, to endeavour the detection of some himself lias left us some very bold and spirited accounts of

grand prejudices of sense, in two instances.

That no freemen ought to be committed or detained in his bold and spirited carriage, and arguments in the course

Glanvill. Vanily of Dogmatizing, c. 9. prison by the command of the king or privy council, or any of it.-State Trials. Judge Jenkins, an. 1647. other, unless some cause of the commitment, detainer, or

In which bargain, that the city might receive no loss, the It was pretended that he (the Duke of Marlborough) restraint be expressed, for which by law he ought to be

tenth part of the fine was ordained as a reward unto the ought to have sent a force to support Opdam, or made an committed, detained, or restrained.-State Trials. Proceed

detectors of lands concealed.

Ralegh. History of the World, b. y. c. 3. c. 18. atteinpt on Villeroy's army, when it was weakened by the ings in Parliament. Liberly of the Subject, an. 1628. detachment sent with Boutiers.--Burnet. Own Time, an. 1703. "Twere better and safer to venture the casting away one

While he with watchful eye

Observes, and shoots their treasons as they fly; They are, in short, instruments in the hands of our Maker, danger the deluining a thousand, when they are due and almes sometimes, then by scruples and prudence to en

Their weekly frauds his keen replies detect; to improve our minds, to rectify our failings, to delach us

He undeceives more fast than they infect. from the present scene, to fix our affections on things above. necessary.-Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 295.

Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel. Porteus, vol. ii. Ser. 1.

In regard whereof there was nothing could assure the And that no man whatsoever, so presented and detected 'Tis not for our own strength, brother Shandy, a centinel quiet of both realms in their opinions but their detention by the virtue of the oaths of such questmen, shall molest or in a wooden centry-box might as well pretend to stand it under safe custody, which could not be esteemned dishonour- trouble at the law any of the questmen for such presenting, out against a detachment of tisty men, We are upheld by the able, the just causes and occasions being published and made upon pain that every such delected offender commencing grace and the assistance of the best of beings.

manifest to the world.-Spotswood. Ch. of Scol. an. 1570. any such action against the detector in such case, shall Sierne. Tristram Shandy, vol. iv. c, 7. His pious mother, anxious for his life,

forfeit to the queen's majesty's use ten pound. DETAIL, v. 2

Strype, Life of Grindal. Original Papers, b. i. No. 6. Detain'd her son; and me, my pious wife. “ Fr. Détailler,-to piecemeal, DETA'ıl, n. to cut into pieces or parcels. To them the blossoms of our youth were due;

These things so happily meeting, may argue God (who Our riper manhood we reserv'd for you.

mouldeth the hearts, who guideth the hands, who enlight. Tale, the past part. of A. S. verb Tell-an, -some

Dryden. Ovid. Met. b. xiii. eneth the minds of man) to have been engaged in the thing told; to tell by tale, i. e. by numeration, not

When the same eye, without the least detainment in any

detection of this day's black conspiracy. by weight or measure, but by the number told.

Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 11. of the particular parts, and resting, as it were, immoveable Re-ail, told over again,” (Tooke, ii. 352.)

in the middle, or center of the tablature, may see at once,

For were not such miracles and oracles at last generally detailin an agreeable and perfect correspondency, all which is believed? or, if several impostures were detected, does the

author imagine that such detection would utterly sink the To tell or enumerate the particulars, to parti- there exhibited to the sight.

Shaftesbury. The Judgment of Hercules, c. 5. credit of all future miracles. cularize, to state minutely.

Hurd. Remarks on Mr. Weston's Enquiry. That which is got by those means (fraud, &c.] is not our As if a man would say, that necessary it is for him to own; nor is the possession of it truly wealth, but usurpa

The Romans were plagued with a set of public officers, offer wrong in detaile, who mindeth to do right in the gross. tion, and detention of spoil and rapine which we ought to belonging to the emperor's court, called Curiosi, and ImpeHolland. Plutarch, p. 306. disengage.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser, 5.

ratoris oculi, part of whose employment was to go about as

detectors of frauds and misdemeanors. But I shall not enter into a detail of the arguments of the

But I'll play fast and loose with you yet, if there be law; earth's motion, and the objections made against it, because I

Jortin. Remarks on Ecclesiastical History. and my Minor and writings are not forth coming, I'll bring have done this in the preface. my action of detinue or trover.

DETENEBRATE. Lat. De, and tenebre, Derham, Astro-Theology, b. iv. c. 3.

Wycherley. The Plain Dealer, Act iii. sc. 1. darkness, which Vossius thinks is from ten-ere, to I mean not to write hís (Evelyn) life, which may be found detailed in the new edition of his Sculptura, in Collins's

Most pressing instances were still made that the canoes hold; because men in darkness, (in tenebris,) are Baronetage, in the General Dictionary, and in the New Bio

might be restored; and having now the greatest reason to held (quasi teneantur,) and dare not move themgraphical Dictionary. believe, either that the things for which I detained them

selves frecly least they strike against any thing, or Walpole, Calalogue of Engravers, vol. v. p. 145.

were not in the island, or that those, who suffered by their
detention, had not sufficient influence over the thieves to

fall from an eminence.
Though Homer describes Laertes in his rural occupations prevail upon them to relinquish their booty, I determined To darken, to obscure.
as busied in this part of agriculture; yet Hesiod, in a pro- at length to give them up.-Cook. Voyage, vol. i. b. i. c. 14.
fessed and detailed poem on the subject, never once men-

Yet are their tractates little auxiliary unto ours, nor tious the method of dunging the land.

For there can never be a deposit without the owner's

afford us any light to detenebrale and clear the truth. Warburton. Div. Leg. b. iv. p. 83. Note. consent, and a depositary would be chargeable only for gross

Broten. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 6. negligence, whereas the pawnee, whose special property is He (Job) makes a transition from the singular to the determined by the wrongful detainer, becomes liable in all

DETE'R, v. Lat. Deterrere, to frighten plural, and back again, a remarkable amplification inter- possible events to make good the thing lost, or to relinquish

DETE'RMENT. from, (de, and terrere, Gr. vening, expressive of his desire of death, the force and bold- his debt.—Sir W. Jones. Works. The Law of Bailments. DETE'RRING, n. Tagaos-ew, to frighten.) ness of which is incomparable; at last, as if suddenly recollecting himself, he returns to the former subject, which

If I lend a man a horse, and he afterwards refuses to re- To frighten from, (sc. doing any thing;) to he had apparently quitted, and resumes the detail of his

store it, this injury consists in the detaining, and not in the cause to cease or desist; and thus, to hinder, to own misery.

original taking, and the regular method for me, to recover prevent, Lowth. Poetry of the Hebrews, by Gregory, vol. i. Lec. 14. possession, is by action of detinue.

State Trials. Proceedings on Habeas Corpus, an. 1627.

So much the horror of so vile a deed,
DETA'IN. Fr. Détenir; It. Detenere ;

In vilest minds, deters them to proceed.
Deta'iner. Sp. Detener ; Lat. Detin-ere,
DETECT, v. Lat. Detegere, detectum, to

Daniel. Ciril Wars, b. iil. Deta'INING, N. detentum, (de, and tenere, to Dete'ct, adj. uncover, (de, and tegere, to

C. It is, first, a determent from this sin ; secondly, a

direction how to avoid it. The determent this; to consider Deta'INMENT. hold.)

DETECTOR. cover.)

how fearful a thing it were, if God should judge us without Dete'ntion. To hold from, or withhold; DetE'CTION. To uncover, to discover, to

mercy; and how reasonable it is, that he should so do, if DeTINUE. to hold or keep back, (sc.) disclose, to lay bare, to expose, (sc. the guilt, we be so unmercifull to other men. from going away; to stop or stay, to retard or the criminality ;) to reveal, to bring to light, to see

Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 91. delay. or search through any concealment: and hence, to

For although on her head there seems to be crownes of try, to prove, to put upon trial, to accuse.

gold, and her baire like the haire of women, yet her teeth Thomas Archbishop of Yorke, of his great goodnes

appeare as the teeth of lions and her sting like that of scorUnto this place did restore willingly again

If he be denoūced or detected unto him, either by cômon pions: so that the deterrings and disabuses appeare together Those lands, which Aldred his precessor dubtless

with the delectations. fame, or other iformation, &c.—Sir T. More. Workes, p. 219. By 29 yeare wrongfully did delayne.

Mountague. Dev. Ess. pt. i. Treat. 10, s.4. R. Gloucester, p. 582. Ap. He was yntruly judged to have preached such articles as

So that upon consideration of the whole matter, there is he was detected of.-Id. Ib. p. 112. There is not so ranke a traytor, nor so arrant a thiefe,

no reason why any man should be detery'd from a holy and nor xo cruel a murderer, which is apprehended and deteigned If he that weareth it (an auncient robe] be vyciouse, it

virtuous life for fear of the labour and pains of it. Because in prisone for his offence, but he shal be brought before the more detecteth howe moch he is vnworthy to wear it ;-the

every one that is wicked takes more pains in another way, iustice to heare his iudgemente.-llall. Hen. IV. an. 1. remembraunce of his noble auncetour makynge men to

and is more industrious only to a worse purpose.

Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 7. abhorre the reproche gyuen by an yuell

successour. Por some of the be fayne for their solució, to graunt almost

Sir T. Elyot. Gouernoor, b. ii. c. 4. As piety doth require duties somewhat high and hard, as that their paine in the fire wer but a detaining therin by

much crossing the natural inclinations and desires of men, some strenger power then themselle, & then wer the pain But the wiely and wieked thoughtes of such, the light of but as a prisoment and restraint of lybertie, if the fyre burn

it particularly for the over-ruling such aversion, doth need the truth of the Gospel when it ariseth, shal plainly find

answerably great encouragements to the practice, and delerhem not.—Sir T. More. Workes, p. 386. out & detect. --Udal. Luke, c. 2.

ments from the transgression of what it requireth.. And lest, some bad and untrue conceits might be had as This ix, yere, aboute Mydlent a preest named Sir Thomas well of the cause of the earl's detainment, as of the manner Bagley, and vicar of a vyllage in Essex, called Manueden, or his death, it was therefore thought necessary to have the a lyteil from Walden, was detect of heresy, vpon the whiche they were father animated than deterred by the flames and

Behaving with the agility and boldness peculiar to sailors, truth thereof made known in that presence.

he was degrated, and then brent in the place of Smythfielde. falling buildings amongst which they wrought. State Trials. Death of Northumberland, an. 1585.

Fabyan, an. 1531. )

Anson. Voyage round the World, b. iii. c. 10.

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Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 82.

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DETERGE, v. Lat. Detergere, detersum, to 1 Therefore I have not thought amisse now to finish and We perceive the distance of visible objects more exactly

and determinately with two eyes than with one. DETR'rgent, adj. wipe away, (de, and teryere, ' pece up the said Complaynt of Philomene, observing neuerthelesse the same determinate inuention which I had pro

Keid. Enquiry, c. 6 s. 22. DETE'RGENT, n. tersum, to wipe, which Vos

pounded and begonne (as it is saide) twelue yeeres now past. Dete'rsion. sius thinks is from Tepo-elv,

Gascoigne. The Complaynt of Philomene.

But if the term, added to make up the complex subject, Detersive, n. Eol. for Teip-elv, which sig

does not necessarily or constantly belong to it, then it is 1 But whë it (a kynge to raygne ouer thēj was ones deter. determinatire, and limits the subject to a particular part of nifies Enpouv-elv, or siccare, to dry; and, conse- minatly graunted them, what was more earnestly requyred its extension; as, Every pious man shall be happy. quentially, to wipe or rub dry.) of God in that magnifycent mynystracyon, then were the

Walls. Logic, pt. ii. c. 2.
necessary affayres of relygion.-Bale. Apology, Ep. Ded.
To wipe off or away, to cleanse, to purify.

And where is he,
At such time as Alexander assembled the Grecians in So stubborn and determinedly stiff,
When it is burnt, there is made of the ashes a strong leic,

Isthmos for the determinacion of his iourney into Perse, But shall at some time bend the knee to love,
very detersive, and scouring.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 607.
many oratours & philosophers came to visite him, onely And make obeisance to his mighty shrine ?

Cumberland. From Alezis. Observer, No. 143.
After I was secured of the bleeding, I made way for the Diogenes that remayned about Corinth, kept him selfe away.

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 15. easy discharge of matter, and deterged the abscess.

To talk of the determination of the will, supposes an Wiseman. Surgery, b. i. c. 16.

Then yo jiii. day of May was an Oyer & determiner at effect, which must have a cause. If the will be delermined,

Londó before ye Mayre, the Duke of Norffolke, the Erle of there is a determiner.
The food ought to be nourishing and detergent.
Arburthnot. Surrey and other.-Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 9.

J. Edwards. Freedom of the Will, pt. i. s. 2. 1

He said likewise, he would undertake (and he could not DETE'ST, v. Fr. Détester ; It. Den If too mild detergents caused the flesh to grow lax and

but be believ'd from the reasonableness of it,) that his prespongy, then more powerful driers are required.

Dete'stable. testare ; Sp. Detestar; Lat.
Wiseman, Surgery, b. ii. c. 6.

sence, would in a moment, determine the restitution of the
Palatinate to his brother and sister.

DETESTABLY. Detestari. Obtestatio est
I furthered the detersion of the ulcer by rubbing it with

Clarendon. Civil War, vol. i. p. 13. Dete'sTABLENESS. cum Deus testis in mevitriol stone.--Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 9.


liorem The circuit thereof, through divers creeks, is not well de

partem vocatur.

terminable ; but as astronomers use to measure the stars, we
The other ulcers and excoriations I dressed, some with

Detestatio, cum in dete-
detersives. Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 7.
may account it a city of the first magnitude.


riorem, (Festus.) Deum Reliquiæ Wolloniane, p. 215.

DetE'STING, N. testari hoc vel illud mihi DETERIORATE, v. 1 Lat. Deterius a te

And it seemeth that upon this aduise they tooke their odiosum. To call God to witness that this or that
DETERIORATION. rendo; because things determinate resolution for this course, and to put it into is odious or hateful to me. And, generally,
are the worse, the more they are worn.

execution with all speede, eyther that night or the next at
the furthest.--Stow. Queen Elizabeth, an. 1601.

To loathe, abhor, hate, abominate; dislike in a
“ Fr. Détériorer,—to impair, make worse, mar,
spoyl, (destroy,)” Cotgrave.

And the necessitie which might have secured more the great degree. See ATTEST, OBTEST, &c. creature, would not have honoured so much the Creator :

But I finde in Erasmus my derlyng ye he detesteth and And besides, the refined gold, there lay upon the cavity God would have receiv'd no voluntary love for his only abhorreth the errours and heresies that Tyndall plainly of the coppel some dark-coloured recrements, which we creatures indued with that capacitie, if the affections of teacheth and abideth by, and therefore Erasmus my derlyng concluded to have proceeded from the deteriorated metal, angels and men had been determinutely fix'd by their crea- shalbe my dere derlyng stil. -Sir T. More. Workes, p. 422. not from the lead.--Boyle. Works, vol. iv. P.

tion.-Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 3. s. I.

And doubtlesse if you bryng not foorth the holy fathers
It is not, therefore, without deep concern that I observe a Why do we stick in this point (in reforming the church) that make for you, you shall not alonely bee taken for abho-
measure proposed to the legislature which has a direct ten- and not rather proceed in it with all expedition! For in- minable and open lyers, but also for shameful and detestable
dency to degrade grammar schools; and, if not absolutely deed according to the laws of this kingdom, as it hath the sclaunderers both of holy church, and also of holy fathers.
to abolish them or diminish their number, yet to alter and dignity of pre-eminence, so let us give it the priority in our

Barnes. Works, p. 302. deteriorate their constitution.

Kno... Remarks on Grammar Schools.
State Trials. Proceedings against the Bp. of Ely, an. 1640.

Yet it hath been tolde vs by diuers great clerkes that

neither she is our lawful doughter nor her mother our lawful Such changes are falsely imputed to levity, falshood, or Upon the same account, as our Lord Christ's body could not wife, but that we liue together abhominably and detestably caprice in the patron, since they may be more justly ascribed be longer detained under the power of death, then the deter- in open adultery.-Hall. Hen. VII. an. 20. to the client's gradual deterioration.

minative time of three days, because the debt which he underGoldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 99. took was paid : 80 that " it was not possible he should be

How dare he bee so impudente as to embrace and wurholden of it." Acts, ii. 24.

shippe this holie booke, the whiche in all kinde of liuing and DETERMINE, v. Fr. Déterminer ; Sp.

Hale. Cont. vol. ii. The Knowl. of Christ Crucifed.conuersacion is vtterly geuen and married vnto this worlde, Dete'RMINABLE. Determinar; It. Deter.

whiche as a mortall enemy the doctrine of the Ghospel DetE'RMINATE, adj.

From whence notwithstanding we cannot conclude the dooeth detestate & abhorre.-Udal. John, Pref. minare ; Lat. Determi

non-existence of the rainbow; nor is that chronology natuDETERMINATELY. nare, terminum dare, to

rally established, which computeth the antiquity of effects For if an open sinner be found among vs, we must imDETERMINATION. bound, to fix the bound arising from physical and setled causes, by additional impo- mediatly amende him or caste him out of the congregation DetE'RMINATIVE, adj.

with defiance and detestation of his sinne.
or terminus.

sitions from voluntary determinators.
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vii. c. 4.

Tyndall. Workes, p. 426

pav, ovos.

To bound, to limit,
So that the Sanhedrin and Congregation of the people

Daily he tempted her with this or that,
were the highest soveraigne power, and principall deter-

And neuer suffred her to be at rest :
to define, to end ; to
miners of publike matters concerning warre and peace.

But euermore she him refused flat
DETERMINEDLY. confine, fix or settle the

Prynne. Treachery and Disloyalty, &c. pt. v. p. 141.

And all his fained kindnesse did detest.
bounds, the limits, the ends; and thus, (met.)

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 8.
Amongst the rest for the determining of quarrels that
To conclude, to decide, to resolve.

might arise in case of doubtful title, or of false accusation or By reason of his cruelty, he became detestable, not onely to Chaucer writes determission.

the like, they put themselves upon many unusual forms of his owne subjects but also to his neighbours round about. tryal; as to handle red hot iron, to walk bare foot on burn

Usher. Annals, an. 3867. But I sei as longe tyme as the eyr is a litil child, he

ing coals.--Hales. Rem. Sermon on Duels. diuersith no thing fro a seruant whanne he is lord of alle

Lycurgus detestably abhorring this brutish and savage thingis, but he is undir keperis and tutouris into the tyme But the answer to this, is not difficult, viz: That the unnaturalness of the woman, did not reject her offer made determined of the fadir.--Wiclif. Galathies, c. 4.

point now before us is not wholly determinable from the him, but seemed rather to be very glad, then to dislike it. bare grammatical use of the words; but the sense of these

North. Plutarch, p. 34. As Tullius can determine

words must be sometimes also determined, by the particular Which in his time was full sage.-Chaucer. R. of the R. state and circumstance of the objects to which they are ap.

Well therefore might the lord president, whom I shall

always mention with as much honour, as you with contempt, Have ye than a figure determinat plied.---South, vol. iv. Ser. 6.

nay whom your contempt confirms to me to be the more In heile, ther ye ben in your estat ?

Now measure alone in any modern language, does not

honourable, well might he detestate star-chamber examinaId. The Freres Tale, v. 7041.

constitute verse; those of the ancients in Greek and Latin, tions, as they had been abused in the late king's days. consisted in quantity of words, and a determinate number

State Trials. Col. J. Lilburne, an. 1649. But nowe to enforme thee, that yee been lich to Goddes, these clerkes sain, and in determinacion shewen, that three of feet.-Dryden. Ess. On Dramatick Poesie.

The Earle of Kildare being charged before King Henry things hauen the names of Goddes been cleaped, that is to The parliament having received an account of the hopeful the Seauenth, for burning the metropolitane church of Cassaine: Man, Deuill, and Images.

condition of their affairs in Ireland, and of the great ap- sillis in Ireland, and many witnesses procured to auouch Id. The Testament of Loue, b. i. pearance there was of a speedy determination of that war, the trueth of the article against him, he sodainly confessed

appointed a committee to summon before them those ad- it to the great wondring and detestation of the councel. This dualitie after Clerkes determission, is founden in venturers who, in the year 1641, had advanced monies upon

Camden. Remains. Wise Speeches.
euery creature, be it neuer so single of onhed.-Id. Ib. b. ii.
the lands in Ireland.-Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 339.

Which is nothing else but to rob men, and make God the
They determine,
That in the maner as it stoode,

We own it (Scripture) to be the rule of our lives, and the

receiver, who is the detester, and will be the punisher, of They wolde hym bath in childes blood foundation of our faith, and in all our considerable contro

such crimes.-Hopkins. Expos. upon the 1st Commandment. Within seuen winter age.-Gower. Con. 4. b. ii. versies we place it in the throne (as the councils of Ephesus

And yet this is not enough to inferre, that we consent and Aquileia did) for the moderator and determiner of such

with the Lutherans, eyther in their abhorring and detesting For I am determined to gather the people and to brynge doubts and differences.

of it, or in those opinions which they hold against it; except the kyngdomes together that I maye poure out myne anger,

Comber. Comp. to the Temple. The Lessons, pt. i. s. 9,

there could be given, Nihil terlium.
yea all my wrathful displeasure vpon them.

Bible, 1551. Sophony, c. 3.
By determining the will, if the phrase be used with any

Mountagu. Appeale to Cæsar, p. 57.
meaning, must be intended, causing that the act of the will Amidst our course Zacynthian woods appear;
And so the matter was a determynge (concernynge the
or choice should be thus, and not otherwise : and the will

And next by rocky Neriots we steer:
men that had outlandysh wyves) vntyll the new moone of

is said to be determined, when, in consequence of some We fly from Ithaca's detested shore,
the fyrst moneth.--Id. Esdras, b. iii. c. 9.
action, or influence, its choice is directed to, and fixed upon

And curse the land which dire Ulysses bore.
a particular object.Edwards. Freed. of the Will, pt. i. s. 2.

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. iii. Item, that he contrary to the great Charter of England cansed dyuers lustie men to appele diuers olde men, vpon

Their true and real character, as to virtue and vice, is All that had made defection from their cause, or that matters determinable at the common law, in the court mar- determinable only by their inward principles and senti- were thought indifferent as to either side, which they call ciall, because that in that court is no triall but onely by ments, which are known to God alone, who searcheth the detestable neutrality, were put out of commission. battaile.-Hall. Henry IV. Introd. heart and reins.-Sherlock, vol. i. Dis. 25.

Burnet. Own Time, b. i. VOL. I.



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Other occasions will put us upon this thought : but chiefly But (the author) hath only wrested and detorted such And at the rear of these in secret guise
A stiung view of merit in a generous character, oppos'd to actions of state, as in times of his service have been Crept thievery and detraction, near akin,
sute detestably vile one.
managed.-Bacon. Observations on a Libel.

No twins more like: they seem'd almost the same,
Shaftesbury. Of Wil and Humour, pt. iv. s. 2.

One stole the goods, the other the good name: The Arians opposed the apostolick tradition, and by cor- The latter lives in scorn, the former dies in shaine. Under the strong image of the unfitness and abominablea rupting detorted the words of Scripture to their sence.

P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c.7. ness, and detestableness and profaneness of any uncleanness

Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 475. or impurity appearing in the Temple of God; the odious

From whence we may not improperly derive this enquirie, ness of all nioral impurity, of all debauched practices

And 'tis worth observing that many authorities, which (admitting the being of evil not at all detractive from God) whatsoever, in any person who professes himself to be a the Papists produce for the external sacrifice of the body of

whether the properties of God are not detrimental to the worshipper of God, is set forth after a more lively and affect

Christ in the masse, are but the detortion and disguising of nature of the wicked. ing manner.-Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 40. those places which belong to the offertory of the people.

Mouniayue. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 3. s. 2.

Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 375. But here I had a lingering view of approaching death, and little or no hopes of escaping it; and I must confess that my

His ninth section hath somewhat new in it--but perfectly

For this is not onely derogatory unto the wisdom of God, courage, which I had hitherto kept up, failed me here; and agreeable to the mistakes and detortions gleaned from the

who hath proposed the world unto our knowledge, and I made very sad reflections on my former life, and look'a Catholick gealleman.-Id. I). vol. ii. pt. ii.

thereby the notion of himselfe; but also detractary unto the

intellect, and sense of man, expressedly disposed for that back with horrour and deleslation, on actions which before I

It is of great moment to take off all possible miscon- | inquisition.Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. i. c. 5. disliked, but now I trembled at the remembrance of.

struction that can be wrested or detorted from the tenor and
Dampier. Voyages, an. 1688.
expressions of the libelled explication.

It infinitely concerns us to hold stedfastly that faith which It grew high time for the English nation to think of re

Slate Trials. The Eurle of Argyle, an. 1681.

Christ thus deliver'd, and the Apostles preach'd, and the

Scriptures contain, (as, God be thank'd, That and no other covering itself from some of that infamy and loud reproach, Thus much is intimated by the original word στρεβλουν,

is the faith which our church holds forth) and by no means that the spilling of innocent royal blood, and the prophane' which signifies, either to defort or turn away, or to torment,

to add to it, or detract from it.-Sharp. Works, vol.y. Dis.l. Invasion of all that was sacred or civil had brought upon it in the opinion of all the nations round about, that stood as and put to the question.-Allerbury, vol. iii. Ser. 11.

But, oh! what tran orts did the heart invade, spectators and detesters of those religious barbarities, those

DETO'URS, n. “ Fr. Détours,—a turning, by

When first he saw the lovely royal maid ! villanies cloaked and sanctified with the name of reforma

Fame, that so high did her perfections raise, tion. --South, vol. ix. Ser. 4.

way, crooked way; also, a cunning shift, a subtile Seem'd now detraction, and no longer praise ! For as the gates of Hades I detest evasion, crafty avoidance,” (Cotgrave.) See DE

Duke. Upon the Marriage of Captain W. Belor.
The sordid wretch, whom want can tempt to lie.

Some base delractor has my honour stain'd
Cowper. Iomer. Odyssey, b. xiv.

And in your easy heart a credit gain'd;
The abdest advocates of necessity now inveloping it in Abus'd, and told you Titus was unjust.
Ger. Thron; Dut. Troon; systems, and insinuating it in all the artful detours of what

Otway. Titus & Berenice, Act ii. sc. 1. they call a sufficient reason.--Warburton. Def. of Mt. Pope. DETHRO'NIZE. Fr. Throne, thron; Sp.

Wonder not, Lindamor, that in mentioning the joys of DetHRONIZA'TION. Tromo ; It. Trono; Lat.

heaven, I use the expression I find less detractory from a

DETRACT,U. Fr. Détracter ; It. Detra-theme, as much above our praises, as the heaven they are DETARO'SEMENT. Thronus; Gr. Opovos, from DETRACTER. here, detrarre; Sp. Detratar, enjoyed in is above our heads.---Boyle. Works, vol. í. p. 283. the unused Opa-ew, sedere, to sit. See THRONE,

DETRACTOR. detractar; Lat. Detrahere and ENTHRONE.

If any shall detract from a lady's character unless she be DETRACTION. (ctum), aliquid de famâ alte- | absent, the said detractress shall be forthwith ordered to the To remove from the throne, or seat.

DETRA'CTIVE. rius trahere, (Minshew.) To lowest place of the room.-Addison. The king in signe of amitie stayed his cosen the Earle of

DETRACTORY. draw or take away—from the I know it has been the fashion to detract both from the Derbie (the same who afterward dethroned him) to supper.

DETRACTRESS. fame of another. (Lit.) moral and literary character of Cicero: and indeed neither Speed. Rich. II. b. ix. c. 13. To draw or take away from; to traduce, to

his life nor his writings are without the characteristics of As for the queene, when shee was (God knows how farre withdraw; and (met.) with a subaudition of the humanity. --Knox, Let. 8. Personal Nobility. guilty) aduertised of her husband's dethronization, shee out- fame or reputation of another.

Knows he, that mankind praise against their will, wardly expressed so great extremity of passion (notwith- Detraction,- slander, calumny.

And mix as much detraction as they can. standing that at the same time shee was tolde of her sonnes

Young. Complaint, Night 8. murogation) as if shee had beene distraught of her wittes.

Bacon, in his judicial Charge upon the Commis-
Id. Edw. II. b. ix. c. 12. s. 73. sion for the Verge, is (in an old edition) made to DETRE'NCH. “ Fr. Trencher,--to cut or
Sesostris ; (proud Egyptian King,

use the word detraction, (lit.) viz. “The detraction carve, slice, hack or hue,” (Cotgrave.) That monarchs harness'd to his chariot yok'd,

of the eggs of wild fowl.” The quarto edition of Base servitude! and his dethron'd compeers

For if your bodie were detrenched, or yourc bodic maymed Lash'd furious ; they in sullen majesty his works, (iii. 559,) reads “Destruction.

with some sodaine stroke, what profite were it for you to Drew the uneasy load.)

J. Philips, Blenheim.

Wolsey wrote detray. See quotation from weepe vpon your wound, and when the harme is done, to Burnet.

lament still ibe sore.-Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorike, p.71. In December 1647 he (Silas Titus) was taken into favour for a time by Ol. Cromwell and the army, to persuade the Lest perauenture stryuyngis, enueyes, sturdinessis, dis

DETRIMENT. Fr. Détriment ;

It, and king, then in the Isle of Wight, to consent to the 4 votes of senciouns, and detractiouns, priuy spechis of discord, bol- DETRIME'NTAL. Sp. Detrimento; Lat. De. dethronizing him.- Food. Athena Oson. nyngis bi pride, debalis ben ainong ghou.

DETRIMENTED. trimentum, (usu tritum, VosThe contingency of uniting France and Spain under the

Wiclif. Galathies, c. 12.

DETRITION. sius,) from Deterere, Detrisarne prince appeared more remote, about the middle of the Priuy backbiteris, detractoris, hateful to God, debatouris, tum quòd ea quæ trita sunt, minoris pretii sunt. last great war, when the dethronement of Philip in favour of proude and higlie ouer measure.--Id. Romaynes, c. 1. Charles was made a condition of peace sine qua non, than the

(Minshew.) Because things which are worn are contingency of a union of the Imperial and Spanish crowns.

Forsoth Salomon sayth, That faterie ig werse than detrac- of less value, (are deteriorate, qv.)
Bolingbroke. On History, Let. 8.
tion: for sometime detraction maketh an hautein man to be

An impairing, lessening or loss, or diminution the more humble, for he dredeth detraction, but certes The question of dethroning, or, if these gentlemen like the flaterie maketh a man to enhaunce his herte and his counte

of value; damage, injury, mischief. phrase better, " cashiering kings," will always be, as it has nance.-Chaucer. The Persones Tale.

Mr. Steevens, in Note 2 on 2 Part Hen. VI. always been, an extraordinary question of state, and wholly out of the law; a question (like all other questions of state)

This sinne of backbiting or detracting hath certain

spices, The brush of time, he says, is the gradual detri

Act v. sc. 3, has introduced the word Detrition. of dispositions, and of means, and of probable consequences,

as thus: som men preiseth his neighbour by a wicked inrather than positive rights.-Burke. On the French Rerol.

tente, for he maketh'alway a wicked knotte at the laste ende: tion of time.

alway he maketh a but at the last ende, that is digne of DETINUE.

But the euill chaunce of the Frenche nacyon was to hys See Detain, more blame, than is worthe all the preising.-Id. 10.

purpose a barre and a lette, because they were predestynato DE-TOMB, v. Touchend as of envious brood

to suffre yet more plagues and detrymentes of thenglisho To remove from the tomb. I wote not one of all good.

people then before they had tasted.- Hall. Hen. V. an. 4.

But netheley suche as thei bee, Crownes, throwne from thrones to tombes, detomb'd arise

For yf it shuld be withdrawen in time of syckenesse, R&Yet there is one, and that is hee To match thy Muse with a monarchicke theame, That whilst her sacred soaring cuts the skyes, .

Which cleped is detraction.--Gower. Con. A. b. ii.

ture shulde susteyne treble detrement.

Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Helth, b. ii. A vulgar subject may not wrong the same.

Ye be put at liberty 80 to qualify, so to add, detray, imSlirling. To the Author of the Monarchicke Tragedies. mix, change, chuse or mend as ye shall think good.

First, I say, all private property must give way to the

public; and iherefore a trespass to private men may be DETONATE, v. Lat. De, and ton-are ;

Burnet. Records, b. ii. No. 22. Dispatch of the Cardinals. punished by indictment, because it is an offence of the pub

lic weal: and though every man hath a property in his DETONATION.

Gr. Tov-oelv,


And thus it appeareth that the souldiars wages, and the goods, yet he must not use ihem in detriment of the comDETONIZE. (sc.) vocem, to strelch transportation may be defrayed for farre lesse summes of

monwealth.-State Trials. Hampden, an. 1637. the voice, to shout.

money, then the detractours of this enterprise haue giuen
out.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 178.

One (sermon)preached before the judges on this text. "And To make a loud noise, to crack, to explode. A

let judgement run down like waters, and righteousnesse as a word brought much into use lately by the inven

We that calumnious critic may eschew,

mighty stream;" at what time the draining of the fens was

That blasteth all things with his poison'd breath, tion of detonatiny balls.

designed, suspected detrimental to the university. Detracling what laboriously we do,

Fuller. Worthies. London, For the clear comprehending of this experiment, you may

Only with that which he but idly saith. be pleased, Pyrophilus, to take notice, i. That a new coal is

Drayton. Moses his Birth and Miracles, b. ii. As for the proprietaries of such (or rather of the ground not to be cast on the nitre, till the detonation occasioned by

surrounding such,) medical waters, as I would not have

For Scipio African on the other side, if we shall rather the former be either quite or altogether ended.

Boyle Works, vol. i. p. 362.
credit the best authors that write, then a number of other ple unto them; so it is injurious in my judgement for them

them detrimented in the least degree by the conflux of peodetracters and malicious writers, we may say he was a to set them to sale, and make gain of God's free gift therein. Nineteen parts in twenty of detonized nitre is destroyed in bountiful and temperate captain, and not onely lively and

Id. Ib. vol. i. c. 2 eighteen days.-drbuthnot. On Air.

valient in fight, but also courteous and mercifull after
victory.-North. Plutarch, p. 910.

Well therefore did St. Paul in respect to the excellency of DETORT. Lat. Detorquere, detortum, (de,

the knowledge of Jesus Christ his Lord esteem all such DETO'rsion. and torquere, to twist, to wrest.) Here no detractor wounds who merits best,

things (all worldly privileges and benefits) as loss, and as Nor shameless brow cheers on impiety,

dung; as things detrimental and despicable. See DistOKT.

Daniel, Civil Wars, 5. v.

Burroue, vol. ü. Ser. 29. the way.

A present personal detriment is so heavy, where it falls, 1 And the remaining part have passed through the limbecks There shall they stand bare and devested of all their phanand so instan in its operation, that the cold commendation and strainers of hereticks, and monks, and ignorants, and tastry,—their splendid pomp, their numerous retinue, their of a pubiic advantage never was, and never will be a match interested persons, and have passed through the corrections guards, their parasites.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 38. for the quick sensibility of a private loss.

and deturpations and inistakes of transcribers. Burke. On Economical Reform.

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 3. DEVE'X, n. Lat. Devehere, devesum, to carry DETRU’DE, v. Lat. Detrudere, to thrust DEVA'ST, U. Lat. Devastare, (de, and

down; de, and vehere, to carry. Fr. Dévezuté, DetRU'SION. | down; de, and trudere, to Deva'state. - vastare, to waste, to lay waste.)

Cotgrave interprets, Eng. “ Deverity,-a hollowthrust.

DEVASTA'TION. Of Vastare. Vossius gives no

ness, bowing, bending, hanging double or down.

wards." To thrust or push down. satisfactory account; it is probably of Northern

Deverity occurs in Davies's Wit's

Pilgrimage. And theim to cast and detrude sodayn!» into continual origin ;--A. S. Westen, desertum, (a waste, qv.) captiuitie and bondage.-Hall. Rich. III. an. 3. a desert. Ger. Wusten, weriouesten ; Dut. Woe

Vpon the westerne lands But such as are detruded down to hell, sten, ver-woesten, to lay waste. Fr. Gaster ; It.

(Following the world's deuese) he meant to tread,

To compasse both the poles, and drinke Nile's head, Either for shame, they still themselves retire ; Guastare ; Sp. Gastar.

But Death did mete his course. May. Lucan, b. X. Or tyd in chains, they in close prison dwell,

To lay waste, to ravage, to demolish, to destroy, And caunot come, although they much desire. to piunder.

DEVIATE, v. Lat. De, and via, from or Davies. Immortality of the Soul, s. 32.

Car they

Deviation. out of the way. Fr. Desvier, And if it be true, that philosophy would inform us of, it Look on the strength of Cundrestine defac'd !

DEVIOU's. --to mislead or put out of turns a man a witch, and leaves him not, till it leads him

The glory of Heydon-hall devasied ? that

De'vioUSLY. into the very condition of Devils, to be detruded heaven for

Of Edington cast down. his meerly pride and malice.-Feltham, pt. ii. Res. 56.

DE'VIOUSNESS. To go out of the way, to Ford. Perkin Warbeck, Act iv. sc. 1.


err, to go astray, to wander. At that very time did this Hildebrand (otherwise Gregory) And after seventeene yeares civill wars, to the devastation by the instigation of the Devill (as himselfe confessed at his of the realme, King Stephen and Henry the sonne of Maude Dame (said I) I dare well saie death.) (witnesse Cardinall Benno and Sigebert) trouble the

came to a treaty at Wallingford, where by the aduise of the Of this auaunt me well I may, Church; belike with the violent obtrusion of this doctrine

lords they made this accord; that Stephen if he would, That from your schole so deuiaunt of Devils (prohibition of marriage) and insolent detrusion of should peaceably hold the kingdome during his life.

I am, that neuer the more auaunt imperiall authority.

Prynne. Treachery, 8c. pt. i. p. 94. Right nought am I through your doctrine.
Bp. Hall. Tke Honour of the Married Clergy.

Chaucer. The Rom. of the Rosa He with the rest of his Almains, in their journey had That way of speaking would agree yet worse with the devoured and consumed it, with over-doing every kind of I now could wish (but that alinam is too late) that God notions of those philosophers who allow of transmigration, service, by raising great displeasure, devasting and spoiling with his outward goodness towards me had so commixed his and are of opinion that the souls of men may, for their mis- the emperor's country of Leige, and his subjects there. inward grace that I had chused the medium path, neither carriages, be detruded into the bodies of beasts, as fit habita

Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1552. inclining to the right hand, nor deriating to the left. tions, with organs suited to the satisfaction of their brutal inclinations. ---Locke. Of the Hum. Understanding, b. ii. c. 27. His fierce anger kindled a fearful fire amongst us, which

State Trials. The Earl of Strafford, an. 1640. hath laid the honour of our nation, one of the greatest and He would therefore heartily wish both for prince and peoHe may feed him well, clothe him well, work him mode- richest cities in the world, in the dust : and that by so sud

ple, if either of them should be guilty of any irregular devia. rately; but my lords, nothing that the master can do for his den and irresistible, so dismal and amazing a derastation, as

tions from their own channels, that they who are injured slave, short of manumission, can reinstate him in the con.

in all the circumstances of it is scarce to be paralleld in any would content themselves with gentle applications, and dition of man, from which man ought not to be detruded. history.--Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 9.

moderate remedies, lest the last error be worse than the first. Bp. Forsley. Speech on the Slave Trade.

Clarendon. Civil War, vol. i. Pref. p. 7. The thirty years' war that devasted Germany, did not DETRU'NK, v. Lat. Truncus; that which begin till the eighteenth year of the seventeenth century,

Then easterly but the seeds of it were sowing some time before. DETRI'NCATE. is left of the tree, when

He turns his course, paths deuious marching over,
Bolingbroke. On the Study of History.

Where regions vast Candauia does discouer.
DeTrunca'tion. the boughs or branches are
The countries devastated, the cities laid in ruins, and

May. Lucan, b. vi. opped off, (Vossius. )

none of the colleges of the learned to be found. Cockeram, Detruncate,-to cut or lop boughs.

Id. Ess. Human Reason.

Whose heart is so estranged from reason, so devious from

the truth through perverse error, that he may not underDetruncation,-a lopping or cutting.

If the passion of the ministers lie towards peace, our poli- stand it to be lesse evill to goe to plow, or to digge, to sow,

tical writers breathe nothing but war and detastation, and or do other country workes on the solemnities of the saints, Yet to my selfe I seme not madde nor from my witte a iote.

represent the pacific conduct of the government as mean then not to honour, but tn prophane their solemne festivals No more semed Agaue to her selfe and pusillanimous.--Hume. Of the Liberty of the Press. with such horrible obscenities?

Prynne. Histrio-Mastix, pt. i. Act vi. ac. 12. When she of dolefull clıylde.

DEVELOPE, v. Perhaps from Devolvere, The head detruncte, dyd beare about;

DEVE'LOPEMENT. she thought her selfe full mylde.

deorsum voluere, to roll

But where nature any way deviateth from this method,

either by denying motion to the eyes, or the head, it is a very Drant. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 3. back; and thus, unfold, open, any thing enveloped wonderfui provision she hath made in the case. This can never prove either any interpolations in the or rolled in a volume. Evolvere, is suggested in

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 2. former, or delruncations in the latter. Menage. Invelope, is from involvere, to roll in;

Like my fellow Miscellanarians, I shall take occasion to Biblioth. Bibl. (0.x. 1720,) p. 58.

a word which Skinner had seen only in the vary often from my proposed subject, and make what devia. The examples, thus mutilated, are no longer to be con- Dictionary.

tions and excursions I shall think fit, as I proceed in my sidered as conveying the sentiments or doctrine of their

“Fr. Desveloper, développer,

random essays.-Shaftesbury. Miscellaneous Reflections, c. 1. authors; the word for the sake of which they are inserted, with all its appendant clauses, has been carefully preserved ; To unwrap, unfold, undo, open, shew forth, dis- For while o'er derious paths I wildly trod, but it may sometimes happen, by hasty detruncation, that play, spread abroad,” (Cotgrave.)

Studious to wander from the beaten road, the general tendency of the sentence may be changed: the

I lost my dear Creusa, nor can tell divine may desert his tenets, or the philosopher his system.

Then take him to derelop if you can,

From that sad moment, if by fate she fell.
Johnson. Pref. to his Dictionary. And hew the block off and get out the man.

Pitt. Virgil. Æneid, b. ll.

Pope. The Dunciad, b. iv. DETUME'SCENCE. Lat. Detumere, to cease

The captain's solicitude to arrive at Otaheite time enough

To derelope the latent excellencies, and draw out the inte. to observe the transit of Venus, put it out of his power to to swell; de, and tumere, to swell.

rior principles of our art, requires more skill and practice in deviate from his direct track, in search of unknown lands Where it is observable also, that the wider the circulating

writing, than is likely to be possessed by a man perpetually that might lie to the south-east of that island. Wave grows, still hath it the more subsidence and deoccupied in the use of the pencil and pallet.

Cook. Voyage, vol. v. Introd. tumescence, together with an abatement of celerity; till

Sir J. Reynolds, Dis. 15.

They (rules) bring into view the chief beauties that ought at last all becomes plain and smooth again.

But I must here, once for all inform you, that all this will

to be studied, and the principal faults that ought to be Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 581. be more exactly delineated and explained in a map, now in

avoided; and thereby tend to enlighten taste, and to lead DETURBATE, v.

the hands of the engraver, which, with many other pieces Lat. De, and turba ; Gr. and developements of this work will be added to the end of genius from unnatural deviations, into its proper channel.

Blair, vol. i. Introd. Tupßn, a tumult. See DistURB. the twentieth volume.-Sterne. Trist. Shandy, vol. i. c. 13.

These are the materials on which Genius is to work, and And where is now (Maister Cope) this your reiecting, DEVE'ST, v. 2 Lat. Devestire ; de, and ves- without this the strongest intellect may be fruitlessly or expeling, remouing, expulsing, exempting, deturbating, and thrusting out of Anatholius, Sanct Dorothee, and other holie

Deve'stURE. ( tire, to clothe. (See Divest.) deviously employed.--Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dis. 1. saints out of catalogues, fastes, and calendars. “ Fr. Desvestir, dérestir,—to uncloath, despoyle,

No words can fully expose the astonishing deviousness of Fox. Martyrs, p. 535. A Def. of the Lord Cobham. deprive ; disseise, dispossess of,” (Cotgrave.) such a digression as this. DETU'RN, v. “ Fr. Destourner,

Whitaker. Review of Gibbon's History, p. 252. to turn,

To strip, to denude, to free or deliver from. divert, distract, avert, withdraw, dissuade," &c. The proud man cannot chuse but reverence the meek,

DEVIL, n. Devil, frequently by our (Cotgrave.) See Detour.

the debauch'd man the temperate, the greatest sell seeker DE'VILING, n. old authors written Divell,

him that most derests himself of all his self-interests. While the sober aspect and severity of bare precepts deturn

Devilish. Fr. Diable ; Sp. Diablo; It.

Hammond. Works, vol. i. p. 146. many from lending a pleased ear to the wholesome doctrine;

DE'VILISHLY. Diavolo; Lat. Diabolus ; Gr. and, what men swallow with delight, is converted into They know not how to derest it (auricular confession} from

DelviLISHNESS. Alaßonos, a traducer, a ca. nourishment.-Digby. Of Man's Soul, c. 3.

its evil appendages, which are put to it by the customs of
the world.Bp. Taylor. Diss. from Popery, pt. i. b. i. $11.

DE'vilism. lumniator. - Introduced into DETU'RPATE, v. 2 Lat. De, and turpis; Fr.

DE'ViliZE. the northern as well as southDETURPA'TION.

And though she (Mary) were by Powlet her keeper derested
| Déturper.
of all the badges of dignity and royalty, and made no more ac-

DE'VILRY. ern languages. Goth. DiaTo defile, to pollute, to contaminate.

count of then the poorest woman of the meanest condition; bulus ; A. S. Deoful; Dut. Dietfle; Ger. Duyvel; [The Church of England] being ashamed of the errors, yet she endured it with great patience of mind.

Sw. Diefwul. The Gr. Araßolos, from diaball-elv, superstitions, heresies, and impieties, which had deturpated

Camden, Elizab. an. 1586. trajicere; and (met.) traducere, , to traduce, to the face of the Church; looked in the glass of Scripture and (The very disadvantage we have more then pure spirits' calumniale. And thus the Devil is appropriately pure antiquity, and wash'd away those stains with which have) in the devesture of self respects) may be converted and emphatically, the Father of lies.

See the ex. time, and inadvertency and tyranny had besmear'd her. into a conducement to the value of our purity. Bp. Taylo A Dissuasive from Popery, pt. i. c. 1.

Μο Deroute Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 14. 8. 3. ample from Wiclif

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Vnder which was spred Ha syweth purlyche God that gef y's own lyf here,

Doubtless the very Derils themselves, not withstanding To sauy vs ayaneuol met frain the Deuil's poer. all the derilishness of their temper, would wish for a holy

A carpet, rich, and of deuicefull ihred.

Chapman. Homer. Odyssey, ÅL R. Gloucester, p. 173. heart, if by that means they could get out of hell.

J. Edwards, Freedom of Will, pt. iti. s. 5. I had not taught thee then the alphabet And after sewed an helle brethe as hit seemned, and dark

of flowers, how they devisefully being set nesse so that the monckes toke holy water, and drof away DE VIRGINATE. Low Lat. Devirginare, And bound up, might with speechless sectesy the maner deuclnesse.--Id. p. 415. Note.

DEVIRGINA'TION. atum, (de, and virgo, vir- Deliver errands mutely and mutually.-Donne, Elegy 7. May no deth this lord dere, ne no Denveles queyntise. ginis, a maid or virgin.) Piers Plouh man, p. 355.

Now this was much misliked of the people, that a law To cause to be no longer a virgin; to deprive

nacted, and that had been of such force, should by the self Ye ben of the fadir the Deucl, and ye wolen do the desitis or rob of virginity.

same maker and deviser of the same be again revoked and of your fadir; he was a mansleer frõ the begynning, and he

called in.-North. Plutarch, p. 148. stood not in the treuthe, for the treuthe is not in him. Hy this grave learned father's verdict then it is most Whanne he spekith lesyng, he spekith of his owne: for he evident: that stage-playex devirginate unmarried persons, I thought, devis'd, and Pailas heard my prayer, is a liere and Judir of il-Wiclif. Jon, c. 8.

especially beautifull iender virgins, who resort unto them. Revenge, and doubt, and caution work'd my breast; Prynne. Histrio-Mastiz, Act vl. sc. 3.

But this of many counsels seem'd the best. Ye are of youre father the Deuyll, and the lustes of your father ye wyl do.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. is. He was a murtherer from the begin

He counterfeited the noise and cries of maidens, when nynge, and abode not in the trueth, because there is no they bee forced and suffer devirgination.

It was not consistent with these designs nor with the trueth in him. When he speaketh a lye, the speaketh he of

Holland. Suetonius, p. 192.

arts used to promote them, to let the Scriptures be much his owne. For he is a lyar, and the father therof.

Fair Hero, left devirginate,

known; therefore legends and strange stories of visions, Bible, 1951. Ib. Weighs, and with fury waits her state.

with other devices, were thought more proper for keeping Yet women woll her bodies sell,

Marlow. Hero & Leander, 3. 3. up their credit, and carrying on their ends.

Barnet. Hist. of the Reformation, an. 1536. Soch soules goeth to the Deuill of helle.

DEVI'SE, o. Fr.Deviser, to invent. Skin.
Chaucer. Rom of the Rose.

Devi'se, or ner says Divisare, (sc.) visum, He (God) hath not prevented all exceptions or cavils
For if ye wist

Device, n.
i. e. oculos circumferre; to

devisable by curious and captious wits against it. How dangerous it were to stande in his lyght

Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 2. Ye would not deale wyth him (Enuious rancour) though

Devi'sabLE. throw or cast around the sight, that ye might;

DEVI'SER. i. e. the eyes.

Junius refers Nay, perhaps, if one should demand, why some of those For by his deuillishe drift and graceles provision


devise, ex cogitare, comminisci, operations should be used at all, the devisers of those unAn holle realme he is able to set at dyuision.

skilful processes would possibly as soon be able to finish Devi'sEFULLY. Skelton. The Crowne of Laarell.

to the same origin as the their operations, as to give a satisfactory answer. Devi'sing, n. verb advise, i. e, the A. S.

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. 134

P. For he that hath the Derill to his father must neede have

Devi'sOUR. deviliish children. Latimer. Sermons, p. 9.

Wiss-ian,—to be or cause to of all the spectacles to mend the sight

be wise, to wisse ; and in our older writers there Deris'd by art for viewing objects right, So that if we sinne not denilishly against the Holy Ghost, ! is very little difference in the usage.

Those are most usefull, which the prudent place refusing the doctrine which we cannot improue that it i should not be true; but after the frailtie of man, there is no

To invent, to contrive, to plan, to scheme ; to

High on the handle of the human face.

Fawkes. A Pair of Spectacia. cause to dispair. --Tyndall. Workes, p. 393.

lay or form plans, schemes or intentions ; to

It (Westminster Hall) is every where adorned with angela And thys was to tertyfy, captiue, and snare the wretched

supporting the arms of Richard the Second, or those of Ed. consciences of me even to vtter desperatyon. And wher Whan he sauh he ne myght passe oni non wise,

ward the Confessor; as is the stone moulding that rung coulde haue bene sought oute a praciyse of more dyuelysh. In thre parties to fight his oste he did deuise.

round the hall, with the hart couchant under a tree, and nesse. --- Bale, English Votarycs, pt. i.

R. Brunne, p. 187. other devices of Richard II.-Pennant. London, p. 116. We are sure that all those that go about to breake peace

Saith R. “Thou salle haue at thin owen deuys
Thi life 1 salle the saue." Isaac he did vprise.-Id. p. 167.

DEVI'SE, or between realines, and to bring them to warre are the chil

Fr. Diviser ; Lat. Dividere, dren of the Deuill, what holy names soeuer they pretend to


isum, to part or divide; and eloke their pestilent malice withall: which cloking vnder In alle kynne craftes. that he couthe devyse.

Devize'e. thus applied to the partition of hypocrisie is double deuilishnes.

Piers Plothman, p. 120.


property, which a testator apFox. Murtyrs, p. 970. Tonstal's Ser. against the Pope. All these things well auised As I haue you er this deuised.-Chaucer. Rom. of the R.

Devi'zABLE. points by his will or testament ; Now touching ye second point, where he calleth the Ca

and also to the testament itself, (Spelman.) The tholike church the Antichristian synagogue, and the vn- For certes at my deuise wrytten verities starke lyes and deuilry: he hath already There is no place in Paradise,

application of the word is quite technical, shewed & declared partly which thinges they be yt himselr So good in for to dwell or be meneth by that name. -Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1129.

As in that gardin thought me.

Id. Io.

DEVOCATION. Lat. Devocare, to call away;

de, and vocare, to call, Engender young denilings.

This cowe to stele he (Murcurie) came disguised,
Beaum, & Fletch. Knights of Malta, Act v. sc. 2. And had a pipe well denised

A calling away, inviting away.
Upon the notes of musike,
This Gasnet, together with Cateshy and Tesmond, had

He that makes it his business to be freed and released Whereof he might his eres like.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. speech and conference together of these treasons, add con

from all its (sorcery's] blandishments and flattering derocacluded most traitorously and devilishly.

As thou shalt here my deuise

tions, and endeavours wholly to withdraw himself from the siate Trials, Henry Garnet, an. 1606. Thou might thy selfe better auise. Id. Ib. b. iii.

love of corporiety, and too near a sympathy with the frail

flesh; he by it enkindles such a divine principle, as lists Unjust favours are no less injurious than derogations; he And ouer that was saide them eke,

him up above the fate of this inferioar world, and adorns that should deify a saint, should wtong him as mach, as he That whan men wolde vertue seke,

his mind with such an awfull majesty as beats back all enthat should devilize him.--Bp. Hall. Remains, p. 13.

Men shulde it in the prestes funde,

chantments.-Hallywell. Melampr. p. 97. Their order is of so high a kynde It is all one as if they had sald; Baudry, heathenry, pa- That thei be diuisers of the weie. Id. Ib. b. i. ganisme, scurrilitie and direlry it selfe is equall with God's Word; or that Sathan is equipollent with the Lord. Wo he vnto you that make ynryghteous lawes, and deuyse

s Destitute or desolate; dePrynne. Histrio-Nfastir, Act viii, sc. 6. thinges whiche be to harde to kepe.--Bible, 1551. Isay, c. 10. prived of; vacant or free from. I answer: that though the Derils believed, yet they could Whereby it appeareth wel that al their deuice of an yn- Yet I him require as rightful iuge not be saved by the covenant of grace: because they per- knowen church, is but a very fantastical imaginacion.

To deuoid fro me the inward sorow formed not the other condition fequired in it altogether as

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 817. Least I liue not to the next morow. necessary to be performed as this of believing, and that is, repentance.-Locke. Reasonableness of Christianity. And in lyke maner, Kyng Dapeter dyde to hym ypom

Chaucer. The Lamentation of Marie Magdaleine. certavne cöposicyons that were ther ordeyr.ed, of the whiche

But knoweth well, that certainly San. The rogue's malicious, and wou'd have me marry the Prince of Wales was a mean bytwene them, and chefe

She was arraied richely, her in spight; besides he's off and on at so derilish a rate, deuysour thereof.-Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i.c. 231.

Deuoid of pride certaine she was.-Id. Rom. of the Rose. a man knows not where to have him.

But Godde hath not without our frute left such thinges
Dryden. Love Triumphant, Act iv. sc. 1.

How irreligious he hath bene
vnknowen vnto vs, to quicken and exercise as Saint Austin
Hor. I beg your pardon, ladies, I was deceiv'd in you saith, some mennes myndes in the study and deuising there-

deuoyde of godly feare. devilishly; but why, that mighty pretence to honour ? vpon.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 497.

Drant. Horace. The Arte of Poetry, p. 28. Wycherly. The Country Wife.

Why be not damned souls deroyd of sense, Pompey had showed him all the stratagems and policies If nothing can from wickednesse reclame, His (Fowler's) works are these : " Damonium meridianum: of war possible for a good captain to clerice.

Rather then fry in pain and vehemence Satan at noon, or Anti-christian blasphemies, antiscriptural

North. Plutarch, p. 493.

Of searching agony ?- More. On the Soul, B. tit. C.4.s.29 dirilizms, &c. evidenced in the light of truth, and punished He then derisde himselfe how to disguise ; by the hand of justice."-Wood. Athena Oxon.

A third is Phantasm, whose actions roll
For by his mighty science he could take
I think one knee žes.
As many formes and shapes in seerning wise,

On meaner thoughts, and things devoid of soul,
As euer Proteus to himselfe could make.

Earth, fruits, and flowers, he represents in dreams, Bell. One of the Derils. I warrant you, has got a cold with

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. 1. c. 2.

And solid rocks unmov'd and running streams. being so long out of the fire.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. D. x. Alon. Bless his Derilship, as I may say.

Who sate on high that she might all men see,
Dryden. An Erening's Love. And might of all men royally be seen,

To be entirely deroid of relish for eloquence, poetry, or
Thep believe that the Deri! whom they cail Satan, is the
Vpon a throne of gold full bright and sheen

any of the fine arts, is justly construed to be an unpromising Adorned all with gemmes of endless price,

symptom of youth.-Blair. Lect. vol. i. Introd. cause of all sickness and adversity, and for this reason,

As either might for wealth haue gotten beenie, when ther are sick or 111 distress, they consecrate meat,

Or could be fram'd by workman's rare deuice.

DEVOIR. From Lat. Debere, to be due. money and other things to him as a propitiation.

Id. Ib. b. y. c. 9.
Cook. Voyage, vol. ii. b. iii. c. 9.

Junius says, it is used by Chaucer for endeavour.
Some clarks doe doubt in their deviceful art

“Do thou thy dever at the beste weie." – Clerk It is observahle, that Herodotti, in particular. scruples Whether this heauenly thing, whereof I treat,

Tale, v. 8843. not, in many passages, to ascribe envy to the Gods: a sen- To weeten mercy, be of iustice part, timent, of all others, the most suitable to a mean and

Or drawne forth from her by diuine extreat.

“ Fr. Debvoir, or Devoir,-duty, endeavour ; deuthen nature.Hume. Nal Hist. of Religion.

id. Ib. B.v. c. 10. service, good office, obligation," (Cotgrave.) 633

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