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DRAW, v. A. S. Drag-an, (see DRAG, The joiners in this country may not compare their work DREAD, v. “ A.S. Adread-an, timete,
with that which the Europeans make; and in laying on the DREAD, adj. to fear, to be afraid ; to
lack upon good and fine joined work, they frequently spoil
dread or stand in fear of," DRA'WING, n. To draw is opposed to, to
Dampier. Voyages, an. 1688. DRE'ADER.
Ic hit eom, push : to push denotes a motion from; to draw, a These are the ancient busts; the trunks of statues; the
DRE'ADING, n. nellen ge eoth on-dradan. motion to or towards : it is distinguished from, to pieces of anatomy; the masterly rough drarings which are
DREADINGLY. Yam-nyle ye drede, ( Wiclif, lead: to draw, includes physical force; to lead, kept within ; as the secret learning, the mystery, and funda- DREADFUL. Mark, c. 6.)
mental knowledge of the art. does not. See DRIVE.
DRE'ADFULLY. Dread-ful; full of dread
Shaftesbury. Advice to an Author, pt. i. 8.3.
DREADFULNESS. or fear ; fearful, timorous : detract,) to abduce.
Since we shall meet with persons every now and then DRE'ADLESS. also, causing dread, awe,
who will be drawing us aside from the plain road of common To draw to or towards; to attract, to induce,
Dre'ADLESSNESS. fear; frightful,terrible,awful. sense into the wilds of abstraction, it is expedient for us to to allure, to entice. get acquainted with the country beforehand, to examine the
Dread-less ; without dread, fear, or doubt. Out
of drede,-out of doubt. See DOUBT.
Search. Light of Nature, Introd. Syre noble erl, he sede, & ge noble knygtes also,
Myd God wylle ic thanky gou, as ic wel aute do, To draw out; to protract; to produce; to de- In common speech, such bill is frequently called a draft, That ge me so muche loue shewyth & kun dede, duce or derive, and also to prolong, to delay. but a bill of exchange is the more legal as well as mercantile And syweth me in such pereyi, & in dethe's drede. To draw, (sc.) a line or superficies; to delineate, is called in law the drawer, and he to whom it is written expression. The person, however, who writes this letter,
R. Gloucester, p. 452. to describe, to sketch, to depicture, to portray. the drawee.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. ii. c. 30.
And an dreduol dragon from the west come myd hym to To draw out, (sc.) in writing ; to write, to set
fygte.-Id. p. 202.
Draw-backs were given upon two different occasions.
Edward told William of Alfred all the case, notions; to take them from books or writings; excise, either the whole or part of it was frequently drawn And praied him of help, for he dred harder pase. and thus, also, to describe or delineate; to
B. Brunne, p. 52 back upon their exportation; and when foreign goods, liable
to a duty, were imported, in order to be exported again,
Mercy suld non haue Symon on his sonnes,
No raunson suld tham saue for doute of drede eftsones.
Id. p. 220.
Smilh. Wealth of Nations, b. iv. c. 1.
The stones were of Rynes, the noyse dredfulle & grete.
It affraied the Sarazins.
Id. p. 174. a more correct drawing of every separate part, --heads,
Thei count nat of cursyng. ne holy churche dreden. Tuelf ger he byleuede tho here wyth nobleye y nou ; hands, feet, and pieces of drapery; they then painted the
Piers Plouhinan, p. 136. And heuxte (higheste) men of mony loudes aboute hym piciure, and after au retouched it from the life. vaste drou.-R. Gloucester, p. 180.
Sir J. Reynolds, Dis. 1.
Ge sholde rath deye
Than eny dedliche synne do. for drede oth for pyere.
Id. p. 121. & alle the southe ende tille Edmunde thei drouh.
R. Brunne, p. 32.
Asyde he gan drawe
And dreadfulliche with drow hym. and dorst go no nerre.
Id. p. 324.
Lo the Aungel of the Lord apperid in slep to him and seide
Joseph the sone of David nyle thou drede to take Marie thy
wyf, for that thing that is born in hir is of the Hooly Goost.
Wiclis. Matt. c. 1.
And thei gheden out and fledden fro the sepulcre for
dredde and quaking hadde assylid hem, and to no man thei What should I paint or drawen it on length
We should endeavour to go off with a good grace; not to
seiden ony thing for thei dredden.-Id. Mark, c. 16
For whi sum abyding of doom is dredeful and the suyng
of fier which schal waaste aduersaries.-id. Ebrewis, c. 10.
Thei dreden shame, and vices they resigne.
Chaucer. Troilus, b. lii.
The effect is this, that Alla out of drede
His moder slew, that moun men plainly rede,
For that she traitour was to hire ligeance.
Lloyd. The Actor.
Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5313.
A. S. Drag-an, to draw, (qv.) O Golias, unmesurable of length,
Barrett has, “A dray or sledde, which goeth How mighte David maken thee so mate?
So yonge, and of armure so desolate,
How dorst he loke upon thy dredful face ?
Wel may men seen it was but Goddes grace.
Id. Ib. v. 3357. And Chrisostome sayth very well, God draweth vnto him, but he drareth the willing. For God will haue our good
We had proved there were 1400 weight of match, besides And whan he saw his time, anon right he will, to be ioyned with his calling.
a dray-load more of match in the castle itself, when surren- With dredful herte and with ful humble chere
Salued hath his soverain
Id. The Frankeleine's Tale, v. 11621.
The Earl of Warwick himself, though he ventured to
not be persuaded to sit with Col. Hewson and Col. Pride, She rist her vp, and dreadfully she quaketh
whereof the one had been a shoemaker, and the other a As doeth the branche that Zephirus shaketh. They haue their wynes, spyces, and good breed, and we dray-man: and had they driven no worse trade, I know not
Id. Legend of Hypermnestre. haue the drawyng out of the chaff, and drinke water. why any good man should refuse to act with them. Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 381.
Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 139.
For dredelesse me were leuer die
Than she of me aught els vnderstood
To descend lower, are not our streets filled with sagacious But that, that might sownen into good.
Id. Troilus, b. ii.
For dredelesse it is nat worth the while.-18. Ib. b. v.
The poet of Thrace Orpheus, maked the hartes and
hyndes to ioynen dreadlesse her sydes to cruel lions, So that this victorie chanced to King Henrie, without the Climb'd like a squirrel to his dray,
Id. Boecius, b. iii. drau'ing foorth of his sword and in such wise, that he could
And bore the worthless prize away.-Cowper. A Fable.
Wherof thei dreden hym the more,
And brought nothynge to his ere,
But if it trouthe and reason were.--Gower. Con. A. b. vil.
The kynge therof was full wo, ticular salvation, special influences, and comforts coming Now dwels ech drossell in her glass
And for he molde hym fayne withdraw, from a sense of the spirit of adoption, actual fervours, and
Id. I. b. v.
He told him many a dredefull sawe.
My minde earnestly bent to the knowledge of nauigation raid ante pasts of immortality.
A tubb or paile of water cleere
and hydrographie from my youth (most excellent my drend Bp. Taylor. Liberty of Prophesying, s. 3. Stood vs insteede of glas.
soueraigne) hath eftsoones beene moued by diligent studie
Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. c. 47. to search out the chiefest points to them belonging. Or thick as insects play,
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 417.
Who takes it for a special grace
These considerations may helpe to suppresse all dreads
That when the time's expir'd, the drazels
rising of hard euents in attempts made this way by other Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. ii. For ever may become his vassels.-Hludibras, pt. iii. c. 1. I nations.-Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 145.
} Grose and 'Ray.
DRE on i membre of false Babylon ! Meantime, from every region of the sky
Diviners, dreamers, schoolmen, deep magiclans, The shop of craft, the denne of ire ! Red burning bolts in forky vengeance fly;
All have I try'd and all gave several meaning. Thy dredful dome drawes fast uppon: Dreadfully bright o'er seas and earth they glare,
Beaum. & Fletch. Women Pleased, Act iv. sc. I. Thy martyres blood by sword and fyre
And bursts of thunder rend th' encumber'd air. In heaven and earth for justice call.
Brome. Ecclesiasticts, c. 42.
And when we look upon this, we dreamingly affirm, that Surrey. Against London.
every thing that is, must of necessity be in some place and By thine agony and bloody sweat.-This was the first
possess a certain room and space, and that whatsoever is not The residue [of the Bible] (with the New Testament) is scene of his dolorous passion, and is a great demonstration
somewhere, either in earth or in heaven, is nothing. to be reuerently touched, as a celestiall iewel or relyke, of the dreadfulness of his sufferings.
Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 771. hauynge the chiefe interpretour of those bokes, trewe and
Comber. Companion to the Temple, pt. ii. s. 2. constant faith, and dreadfully to set hands thereon, remem- Back on his son the father looks,
Likewise all other nations except the gavages of Mount bryuge Oza.-Sir T. Elyot. Gover nour, b. i. c. 11.
Praising his swift and even strokes,
Atlas in Barbary, which were reported to be both nameless
and dreamlesse. --Camden, Remaines. Names.
Now dreadless, with bold art supplied, Sometymes makynge them afrayed with dreadfulnes of the great judgement that was to come, eftsones appeasyng
He does on airy billows ride
When choler overflows, then dreams are bred
And soar with an ambitious pride. them.- Udal. Actes, c. 4.
Of dames, and all the family of red;
King. Art of Love, pt. vi. Red dragons, and red beasts in sleep we view, If ye shal vpõ the dreading of man, grow cleane out of Dread is a degree of permanent fear: an habitual and
For humours are distinguish'd by their hue. kinde from the sinceritee of preaching the ghospel : while painful apprehension of some tremendous event,
Dryden. The Cock and the Fox. ye labour to eschew light & transitorie misaduentures, ye
Cogan. On the Passions, c. 1. 8. 3. I grant that the soul of a waking man is never without shall fall into harmes for euer to endure.--Id. Luke, c. 12.
And now as we are strangely apt to apply every thing thought, because it is the condition of being awake: but That dreadlesse hart which durst attempt the thought wrong, too many, instead of the extreme of despondency,
whether sleeping without dreaming be not an affection of To win thy will with mine for to consent, run into that profane boldness : and are very near looking
the whole man, mind as well as body, may be worth a waking Maintaines that vow which loue in me first wrought; upon sin, as nothing to be dreaded.--Secker, vol. i. Ser. 26.
man's consideration; it being hard to conceive, that any
thing should think, and not be conscious of it. I loue thee still, and neuer shall repent. “His blood, said they, be on us, and on our children," a
Locke. Hum. Und. b. ii. c. 1. Gascoigne. Flowers, the Constancie of a Louer.
most fatal imprecation, and most dreadfully fulfilled upon But the lion, seeing Philoclea run away, bent his race to them at the siege of Jerusalem, when the vengeance of bea
The dreams of sleeping men are, as I take it, all made up her ward, and was ready to seize himselfe on his prey, when ven overtook them with a fury unexampled in the history
of the waking man's ideas, though for the most part oddly Zelmane (to whom danger then was a cause of dreadlessness, of the world; when they were exposed at once to the hor.
put together.-Id. Ib. all the composition of her elements being nothing but fiery) rors of famine, of sedition, of assassination, and the sword
The vision said: and vanish'd from his sight: with swiftnesse of desire crossed him, and with force of of the Romans.-Porteus, vol. ii. Lect. 22.
The dreamer waken'd in a mortal fright: affection struck him such a blow upon his chine, that she
DREAM, v. Dut. Droomen ; Ger. Trau
Then pull'd his drowsy neighbour, and declar'd opened all his body.-Sidney. Arcadia, b i.
What in his slumber he had seen and heard.
Dryden. The Cock and the Fox. And thou away, the very birds are mute;
DRE'AMER. by metathesis from Lat. Dor.
He (Virgil) then gives us a list of imaginary persons, who mire, to sleep, (Skinner.) Ihre
very naturally lie within the shadow of the dream-tree, as Shakespeare, son. 97. DREAMINGLY, thinks from the Celtic, Drem, being of the same kind of make in themselves, and the
visio, (q.d.) a nocturnal vision. materials (to use Shakspeare's phrase) the stuff of which That dreaded night in brightest day hath place,
The A. s. equivalent term is dreams are made.-- Tatler, No. 154. And can the children of faire light deface.
“Swefen—a vision in one's sleep.” (Somner.) But Christ himself neither saw a vision or dreamed , Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. To think during sleep; to think as if asleep; dream, but had intimate and immediate communication
with the Father; he was in the Father's bosom; he and no [Dr. Hammond) chearfully went; telling the person that vainly, lazily, drowsily, sluggishly.
man else, had seen the Father. happen'd to be present, whose dreads in his behalf were not so easily deposited, that he should be as much in God's
Long tyme ich slepte
Sherlock. Works, vol. iv. Dis. 6. bands in the sick man's chamber as in his own.
Of gurles and of gliā laus (glory and praise] gretliche me While Reason sleeps, bending the vigour
Of manly actions down, through mournful shades
Of listless pleasing woe, she (Melancholy) impious leads
The dreamful fancy.
Mickel. The Siege of Marseilles, Act v. sc. 1.
Even the remembrance of our dreamings will teach :28 some Breeds dreadfull doubts.
For this trow I, and say for me
truths, and lay a foundation for a better acquaintance with That dremes signifiaunce be
human nature, both in the powers and in the frailties of it. Who rising vp at last in ghastly wise, Of good and harme to many wigh's,
Watts. The Improvement of the Mind, pt. i. c. 2. Like troubled ghost did dreadfully appeare
That dremen in her slepe a nights
“ Tell me no more of fancy's gleam, As one that had no life him left through former fezre.
Id. Ib. b. vi. c. 7.
“No, father, no, 'twas not a dream;
“ Alas! the dreamer first must sleep, No dreme, quod he, may so my herte agaste, He that never repents till a violent fear be upon him, till That I wol leten for to do my thinges.
“ I only watch'd, and wished to weep;
“But could not, for my burning brow he apprehend himself to be in the jaws of death, ready to I sette not a straw by thy dreminges,
“Throbb’d to the very brain as now." give up his unready and unprepared accounts, till he sees
For swevens ben but vanitees and japes. the judge sitting in all the addresses of dreadfulness and
Id. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15,095.
Lord Byron. The Giaour. majesty, just now (as he believes) ready to pronounce that And other while I dreme, and mete,
DREAR, adj. fearful and intolerable sentence of (go ye cursed into ever
A.S. Dreori, dreorig. MæsThat I alone with hir mete, asting fire :) this man does nothing for the love of God,
tus, dolens, tristis, lugubris. nothing for the love of virtue.-Bp. Taylor, pt. ii. Ser. 6. And that daunger is lefte behynde.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. DREARY. Sad, sorrowful, pensive, dreery. Mistrustfully he trusteth, and And he awoke out of his sweuen,
DRE'ARILY. Dreorignysse, - sadness, penHe dreadingly did dare, And clepeth, and men come anone,
DRE'ARIMENT. siveness, sorrowfulnesse, dreeriAnd told his dreme.-Id. Ib. b. ii. And fortie passions in a trice
nesse, (Somner.) Ger. TrawIn him consort and square.
Moreouer Joseph dreamed a dreame, and tolde it vnto his DRE'ARYHEAD. ren; Dut. Treuren, mærere, Warner. Albion's England, b. vi. C. 33.
bretheren: wherfore they hated them yet the more, and he dolere, tristari, tó mourn, to grieve, to be sad or A mightie lyon lord of all the wood,
sayde vnto them: heare, I pray you, this dreame which I Hauing his hunger throughly satisfide, haue dreamed.-Bible, 1551, Genesis, c. 37.
sorrowful. With pray of beasts, spoile of liuing blood
Mournful, sorrowful, sad, full of sorrow, sadness And when they sawe him afarre of before he came at them, Safe in his dreadless den him thought to hide. they toke coūcel against him, for to sley him, and sayde one
or grief, melancholy, gloomy, dismal, distressful. Spenser. Visions of the World's Vanity, 10. to another; Beholde this dreamer cometh.-Id. Ib.
Tho seyde ych myd drery mode, gyf hii wolleth turne her Was this a face To be expos d against the warring winds ? They rather preferre their owne fancies before others
thoạt, To stand against the deep dread-rolled thunder. experience, and deeme their owne reason to be cömon welth,
An sory be, & bete abate) her synne, wolle vr Louerd and other mens wisedome to be but dreaminge.
vorgyue him ogt.-- R. Gloucester, p. 351 Shakespeare. King Lear, Act iv. sc. 7.
Sir J. Cheke. The Hurt of Sedition.
Ther is dreor nesse and drede. & the devel maister.
Piers Ploukman. all things, we should overcome almost all temptations.
Thus chiding with her drerie destenie
Wherthrough by passage soft do sprites ascende with Weping, she woke the night fro end to end.
Chaucer. The Complaint of Creseide, A badge of rule and terrour o'er the boys.
That other gate doth shine, and is compact of yuery
And hertis heavie for to recomfort
From drerihed, of heuie nightes sorowe
Nature bad hem rise, and hem disport
Ayen the goodly glad grey morowe.
Id. The Black Knight la ruling others, not thyself! thy slaves They'll straight resume their wonted drearls.
Hudibras, pt. i. c. 3.
For ynto wo accordeth complaining
And doleful chere ynto heauinesse
P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. 8.
To sorow also, sighing and weping
And pitous mourning vnto drerinesse.-Id. Io.
Shakespeare. The Rape of Lucrece. And then he rose with drery chere
And goeth hym forth.-Gower. Con. 4. b. vil.
By ryming out his frowarde fatall fine. keep it.-Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 87
Bp. Taylor, vol. i. Ser. 9.
Gascoigne. Weedas. The Fruit of Fetters 614
or wherefore telles my toung, this drearye doleful tale In the houses we refreshed ourselues, and were all im- So that Homber Kyng of Hungri seththe bigan to Be That euery eare might heare my grieefe and so bemone barked to come away, and then had sight of a brigandine or Into a gret water ther, & a dreynt hym self with schame may bale.-Gascoigne. Complaint of the Greene Knight. a dredger, which the general tooke within one houres chase
R, Gloucester p. 24. So that we were faine to cut our cables and hang ouer with his two barges.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 586.
And after that the kyng deyde thorgh a drenche whiche boord for fenders, somewhat to ease the ship's sides from In the month of May the oysters cast their spaun, (which
ynwytyng the quene he dranke of hure makyng. the great and driry strokes of the yce. the dredgers cail their spats,) it is like to a drop of candle,
R. Brunne, p. 12. Note. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 41. and about the bigness of a halfpenny.
As some hongen hem self, and othr, while drencheth.
Piers Plouhman, p. 174.
But whoso sclaundrith oon of these smale that bileven in Faire Pastorell, who with the self-same wound
Admiralty court) have liberty to catch all manner of oysters, Lanc't through the arme, fell downe with him in drery of what size soever.--Id. Ib.
me, it spedith to him that a mylne stoone be hanged in his
necke and he be drenchid in the depnesse of the see. swound. --Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. II. Most of our coasts produce them (oysters) naturally, and
Wiclis. Matthew, c. 18. Ah my deare daughter, ah my dearest dread,
in such places they are taken by dredging, and are become The flok was cast down in the see a tweye thousand, and What vncouth fit, said she, what euill plight
an article of commerce, both raw and pickled. Hath thee opprest and with sad dreuryhead
thei weren dreynt in the see.--Id. Mark, c. 5.
Pennant. British Zoology. The Oyster.
O death, sens with this sorowe I am a fire
Thou either doe me anon in teares drenche
Chaucer. Troilus, b. iv.
of any thing settled in the bottome. A. S. Dros, With folded hands and knees full lowly bent
That kept the peple Ebraike fro drenching,
With drye feet thurghout the see passing. All night she watch't, ne once adowne would lay sordes, fæx, filth, dreggs, lees, drosse, (Somner.)
1d. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 1909. Her dainty limbs in her sad drerimentin Wachter thinks from the Goth. Driusan, (A.S.
Min is the drenching in the see so wan.
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2458,
What helpeth it to wepen full a strete There an huge heape of singults did oppresse quentially, to,
Or though ye both in salt teares drent His struggling soule, and swelling throbs impeach
The foulness, or filthiness, the muddiness “ of Bet is a time of cure aie then of pleint.-Id. Troil. b. iv. His foltring tongue with pangs of drearinesse, Choaking the remnant of his plaintife speach, any thing settled in the bottom." Any thing foul,
Him thought a man stood by his beddes side,
And hem commanded, that he should abide,
And said him thus; if thou to-morrow wende,
Thou shalt be dreint; my tale is at an end.
Id. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15,088 'Twas late, 'twas far the path was lost
Thicke ale and thynne ale.-Piers Plouhman, p. 387.
The stone was worth all other thinge :
He said, whiles he wold it weare,
There might no perill hym dere : Alecto's breast with rage and envy glows,
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 374.
In water maie it not be dreint.-Gower. Con. A. b. y, To see the world possess'd of sweet repose.
So that there is nothinge that stoppeth this matter, save
The shipmen stoode in suche a sere,
Was none that might himselfe bestere
But euer awaite vpon the lere
When that thei shulden drenche at ones.-Id. Ib. b. viil. Ye think, I doubt not, of a homeward course;
people.- Ascham. Works, p. 111. Toxophilus.
And this mischieuous membre, the tongue, is so farre out
rageously wylde, and violent: nether is it vnruly only, but The spirit of Tiresias, Theban seer. the fountaine of our loue !
also drenched with deadly poyson.-Udal, James, c. 3. Couper. Homer. Odyssey, b. X.
Shakespeare. Troil. & Cress. Act iii. sc. 2.
We, sayle not now in a still and a quiet sea : but we have A joyless desert, and a dreary wild.
As we could gladly think, from God she came :
bene drenched and in a manner drowned with some stormes Sir W. Jones. An Elegy from Petrarch. Fajn would we make him author of the wine,
alreadie; and therefore we ought to have exceeding great If for the dregs we could some other blame.
care, and be wel advised aforehand, whom we have to be Passing on through the dreariness of solitude, we found a
Davies. Immortality of the Soul, s. 6. the steeres man.-Holland. Liviva, p. 514. party of soldiers from the fort working on the road, under the superintendence of a sergeant.
As if one should attend only to this earth, which is but Some with lettice-caps, some posset-drinks, some pills, Johnson. A Journey to the Western Islands. the lowest and most dreggy part of the universe.
Twenty consulting here about a drench.
Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 880. Beaum. & Fletch. Thierry & Theodoret, Act v. sc. 1. DREDGE, v. Dredge (Mr. Grose says)
And in England, I believe our much use of strong beer, Pet. But what is't? French trash, made of rotten grapes, DREDGE, n. is a mixture of oats and bar
and gross flesh, is a great occasion of dregying our spirits, And dregs and lees of Spain, with Welsh metheglin, DRE'DGING, or ley, now little sown. Used and corrupting them, till they shorten life.
A drench to kill a horse! DRU'DGING-BOX. met. by Holland and Brende,
Peitham, pt. i. Res. 95.
Massinger. Greut Duke of Florence, Act ii. sc. 2, for a mixture or medley. By the latter, perhaps, To give a strong taste to this dreggish liquor, they fling in Which would not only retard my course, but endanger for dreg. an incredible deal of broom or hops, whereby small beer sickness also among my men ; especially those who were
ill provided with cloths, or were too lazy to shift themselves
Harvey. On Consumptions. dust, &c.
when they were drench'd with the rains. But with timely care
Dampier. Voyage, an. 1699. Onely the Atheniäs, which euer defended obstinately the Shave the goat's shaggy beard, lest thou too late
Good shepherds after sheering, drench their sheep lyberties of their cumon wealth, & which had not been accusIn vain should'st seek a strainer to dispart
And their flocks father (forc'd from high to leap) tomed to live under the obedience of any, but vnder the The husky, terrene dregs, from purer must.
Swims down the stream, and plunges in the deep. lawes & customes of their country, would not agree, y' suche
J. Philips. Cider, b. ii.
Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. dredge of men (collurionem hominum) should liue amongst the.-Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 293.
Aireen, a Saracen philosopher and Mahometan in profes
A drench of wine has with success been us'd; sion, speaks with abhorrence of those dreggy low delights,
And through a horn, the gen'rous juice infus'd Your husband in an age was rising by burnt figs dregd and on the contrary asserts, that the height of happiness is Which timely taken op'd his closing jaws; [uredg'd) with meal and powdered sugar, in the perfections of the soul united to God.
But, if too late, the patient's death did cause.-Id. Ib.
And now, Mars, driven from the dreadful field,
That he had drench'd with blood. Jove's awful spouse
And Pailas, reascending sought the skies. a revival of that subject or manner for some time for the And verily like as our naturall seed (as Zeno said) is a
Cowper. Homer. Iliad, b. v. future; the sated reader turns from it with a kind of literary curtain mixture and composition, derived and extracted from nausea.--Goldsmith. Citizen of the World. Let. 96.
Efficient causes may be exciting and disposing, as when all the powers and faculties of soul; even so, in mine
hunger excites a horse to eat, or a farmer holds hay to his opinion, a man may say that choler is a miscellane seed (as
DRENCH, v. A.S. Drenc-an, adrencan; mer- mouth: but when a farrier constrains him to take a drench, li were) (TUVetepuia) and a dredge, made of all the passions of the mind.--Holland. Plutarch, p. 108.
DRENCH, 22. gere, immergere, ingurgitare, this is a compelling and constraining cause. to drown, plunge, or overwhelm, to drench, (Som
Watts. Scheme of Ontology, c. 10. He shall be published, with all his comments, useful ner.) See DRUNK. glosses, and indexes, of a vast copiousness, with cuts of the
DRESS, o. Fr. Dresser; It. Drizzare ; basting-ladles, dripping-pans and drudging boxes, &c. lately
Dreint,-drenched, drench’d, drencht, drent or
Lat. Dirigere, to direct, to set dug up at Rome, out of an old subterranean scullery. dreint.
right or in order. See ADKing. Art of Cookery, Let. 5. To merge or immerge, to soak or steep, to souse
To set or put in order, to direct, to guide, to
regulate, to rectify, to adjust; and further, to Stakes of yrn mony on he pygte in Temese gronde, prepare, to provide, to furnish, to trim, to deck, To dredge, isto drag.
Aboue scharpe & kene ynow, bi nethe grete & ronde to adorn ; and also, to clothe: also to prepare
That, gef ther eny schippes come er me y war were, The oysters (besides gathering by hand, at a great ebb]
Heo schulde piche hem thoru out & a drenche hem so
(sc.) for food, to cook it. haue a peculiar dredge; which is a thick strong net, fastned
there.-R. Gloucester, p. 51.
In Chaucer to dress, is to address or direct oneto three spils of iron, and drawne at the boates sterne gather
self, to apply. ány whatsoever it meeteth lying in the bottome of the water.
He gef hym a luther drench, & tho he hadde dronke yt so,
Dresser, that which dresses ; and also, that on
To dredge or drudge, is—to scatter flour, sand, is rendered equal in mischief to stronge.
DREDGE, v. A dredge, or dredge-net, is a
The castelle now is golden, the kyng dos wardeyns wise They don nought after Dominik, but dreccheth the puple. My Pandarus (qd Troilus) the sorow
Piers Plouhman. Crede. Which that I drie, I may not long endure.
Chaucer. Troilas, bv.
Another time he should mightely And croked thinges shall be made streighte. Bible, 1551.)
Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14,893. Comfort himselfe, and sain it was folie and scharpe thingis into pleyn weycs.-Wiclis. Luk, c. 3.
For nece mine, this writen clerkes wise
So causelesse, such drede for to drie.--Id. Ib And the Lord dresse ghoure hertis (gyde your heartes. That peril is with dretching.-Id. Troilus, b. iii.
That yet never they ne seygh
Man that myghte dreygh
To justy wyth Gyffroun.
Ritson. Lybeaus Disconus, I. 950.
Gower, Con. A. b. i. A stepull then the lady sye,
Sche thoght the wey thedur full drye,
And thereat wolde sche bee.
Id. Le Bone Florence of Rome, I. 1888. No more of this make I now mentioun,
But that she wolde anone forth fetche
He which can in office drudge, and droy,
And crave of all.
Gascoigne. The Steele Glass.
DRIFT, v. See Adrift. Past part. of
Drift, n. Drif-an, adrifan, to drive, (qv.) dresse thy wayes.-Id. The Tale of Melibeus.
Or any dremis mak the rad,
drived, driv'd, drift. The lampe must be dressed and snuffed dayly, and that Turn ogayn, and say i bad. --Ritson, Ywaine & Gawaine.
To drift,—to move or cause to move along, like oyle poured in euery euening and morning, that the light
DRIB, v. goe not out.--Tyndall. Workes, p. 453.
To drip or drop, (6 for p;) to any thing driven, (sc.) by a stream, by a current Drib, n.
do any thing by drips or drops; of wind or water. Thē said he to the dresser of his vyneyarde, beholde, this
LsIBBER. thre yeare haue I come and sought frute in this fyrge tree,
to do any thing by small de- Drift, n. (met.) any thing driven or aimed at, Debble, v.
or intended; the aim, intention or purpose. & fynde none, cut it down.-Bible, 1551, Luke, c. 13,
grees; to give or take small por
DRI'BLET. tions; to do any thing, to act, At night we found much broken yce, and all this night it Syr Kyng, Cryste greetyth the wele, and hys mylde moder
Dri'BLING, n. Mary, with also Johri Baptyst & Peter, comaunde ve streyght
in a trisling or inefficacious blewe very much winde, so that we lay in drift with the lye. yt no markettes nor seruyle warkys be holden vpon manner.
yce and our drift was south, for the wind was at north all
this night, and we had great store of snow. ye Sonday, in ye londys of thy lordeshyp-out take that To dribble is the diminutive.
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 450. longeth to dressynge of mete.-Fabyan. Works, vol. i. c. 237. Mr. Steevens, upon the passage below from
Thinking ourselves in good securitie, we were greatly enFor the dressing of wooll hath beene euer an honest Measure for Measure, says, “A dribber, in archery, dangered with a piece of drift yce, which the ebbe brought occupation for a good woman.
was a term of contempt, which cannot be satisfac- foorth of the sounds and came thwart vs ere we were aware. Vives. Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. i. c. 2. torily explained.” But see the example from
Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 65. Women by nature pitiful, have eat Ascham.
But at the last they found ye meanes to contriue a drift to Their children (dress'd with their own hand) for meat. Donne. Lamentations, c. 4. I saw diuers that were caried away thens in cribbes
bring their matters to passe.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 363. Dasyng after dotterels, lyke drunkards that dribbes. Clar. Yet women sure, in such a case, are ever
All his (Cardinal Wolsey] felicitie and inward joy hath
Skellon. The Crowne of Lawrell. More secret than men are.
euer bene to exercise that aungel's wit of his (as my Lord of Sil. Yea, and talk less. Not at the first sight, nur yet with a dribbed shot,
Lincolne was wont to praise him,) in driuing of such driftes Rom. That is a truth much fabled, never found. Love gave the wound.
to beguile all men and to binde the whole world withall.
Id. Ib. p. 373. You secret, when your dresses biab your vanities !!
Sidney. Arcadia. Stella | Astrophel.
For that hereby thou might'st win confidence
With those, whom else thy curse might bap distract, taughte in his youth to shoote, yet if he gene it over, and not Command my dresser to adorn her with
And all suspicion of thy drift remove;
Since easily men credit whom they love.
Daniel. Civil War, b. i. for his pleasure sake, to faule to his bowe; he shall become Car. I will make one myself, and foot it finely; of a fayre archer, a starke squyrter and dribber.
The proper work of man, the grand drifl of human life, And summoning your tenants at my dresser,
Ascham. The School of Sholinge. is to follow reason, (that noble spark kindled in us from Which is, indeed, my drum, make a rare choico
Duk. No: holy Father, throw away that thought, heaven; that princely and powerfull faculty, which is able of the able youth.-Id. The Guardian, Act iii. sc. 3.
Beleeue not that the dribling dart of loue
to reach so lofty objects, and to atchieve so mighty works.) The store of every fruitful field, Can pierce a compleat bosome.
Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 14.
Shakes. Neas. for Meas. Act i. sc. 4. Ye nymphs at will possessing,
The pieces of ice, both great and small, which broke from From that variety they yield
Howbeit, there passed some dribbling skirmishes betweene
the island, I observed, drifled fast to the westward ; that is, Get flowers from every dressing.
the rereward of the Carthaginians and the forlorne hope and they left the island in that direction, and were in a few Drayton. The Muses' Elysium, Nymph. 5. vaunt-courriers of the Romanes.-Holland. Livirs, p. 597.
hours spread over a large space of sea. And jealousy sussus'd, with jaundice in her eyes,
Cook. Voyages, vol. iii. b. i. c. 3. Discolouring all she view'd, in tawny dress'd,
For small temptations allure but dribling offenders ! but a great purchase will call such as both are most able of them
But so strangely perverse is his commentator, that he will Down-look'd, and with a cuckoo on her fist.
selves, and will be most enabled hereby to compass dangerDryden. Palamon & Arcile.
suppose him to mean any thing rather than what the obous projects.-Millon. An Apology for Smeetymnuus.
vious drift of his argument requires. And ns hair to quadrupeds, so feathers are as commodions
Warburton. On Pope's Essay of Man. a dress to such as fiy in the air, to birds, and some insects; He charged each of them shake hands together, not only a good guard against wet and cold, and a comfort- And when they met to say, Good morrow brother;
Seeing no land in that direction, I stood back to the eastable covering to such as hatch and brood their young, but Thus each quit other all old debts and driblets,
ward about fifteen leagues, and met with nothing but driftalso most commodioris for their flight.
And set the hare's head against the goose's giblets.
wood.-Cook. Voyages, vol. vi. b. iv. c. 8. Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 12.
Harrington, b. i. Epig. 91.
DRILL, v. “ A. S. Thirl-ian, perforare, I had not been there above a month, when, being in the And out of all's ill-gotten store
DRILL, n. tornare, terebrare, penetrare ; kitchen, I saw some oatmeal on the dresser.
He gives a dribbling to the poor,
to pierce or bore through, to But Christianity does not aim at what it is here falsely
Brome. Songs. The Reformation. drill
. Belgis, Drillen, trillen : and hereof our drill said to do: it does not attempt to take place of natural She keeps her birth-day, you must send the cheer;
for a rivolet or watercourse; as piercing, penereligion; on the contrary, it serves to support it; nay it is And she'll be born a hundred times a year.
trating through the ground for vent or passage," that very religion itself in a better dress, and with fences With daily lies she dribs thee into cost,
(Somner.) Hence also a drill, for receiving seed; about it for its greater strength and efficacy.
That ear-ring dropt a stone, that ring is lost.
and the now Pearce, vol. i. Ser. 15.
common word drill - husbandry.
Dryden. Ovid. Art of Love, b. i. The shepherd, the sorter of the wool, the wool comber or Do not, I pray thee, the paper stain
Drill-bow and drill-plate, are used in mechanics. carder, the dyer, the scribbler, the spinner, the weaver, the With rhymes retail'd in dribbs.---Swift. On Gibbs's Psalms. in the act of boring; and hence, Wachter says,
To drill, is also to turn about, drive round, as fuller, the dresser, with many others, mist all join their
We'll take no blundering verse, no sustian tumor, different arts in order to complete even this homely pro
trillen, Eng. Drill, is— to harass or weary; and
No dribbling love from this or that presumer; duction.---Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 1.
No dull fat fool shamm'd on the stage for humour.
hence, further, trill-meister, drill-master, who haWhen the cook brings out her flour, her sewet, her sugar,
Dryden. Prol. Union of the two Companies, 1686. rasses or wearies the soldiers by military exercise ; her raisins, they still are but what they were before, though
Which receiver, although the corn be put into it by bushels, and thus,—to bring or lead, to train, by constant laid ever so close upon the dresser.
allows the grain to dribble only in small quantities into the practice or exercise.
Drill, is also a name given to an ape or baboon;
Paley. Natural Theology, c. 15. perhaps contracted from drirel, (qv.) DRE'TCHING. n. Sto prolong time, to linger, to DRIE. Scotch, Dree.
Lye says,_" Drie,
Pio. I fir'd it; and gave him then three sweats delay. Sw. Drorja, cunctari
, which Ihre derives' drien, tolerare, pati ; A. S. Dreoq-an, idem notat," In the artillery yard three drilling daies ; from Drag-a, trahere, trahere moras, to draw or i. e. to endure, to suffer. See Dree, in Jamieson, And now he'll shoot a gun, and draw a sword,
And fight with any man in Christendom. prolong time ; (to dreilge,) and see Dr. Jamieson, who considers Dreog-an to be radically the same in v. Dreich. with drag-an, to draw, to drag along. And see
Beaum. & Fletch. Martiai Maid, Act ii ec. 3 To prolong, to protract, to delay, to linger, to Dretch.
Arcadius weary; to be tedious or tiresome, wearisome or Drye, in Le Bone Florence, wearisome. Gas
Hath no acquaiutanrı yet with rugged war,
More fit to drill a lady, than expose troublesome, to trouble, to harass, coigne writes ít Droy.
His body to such dangers.-Id. Coronation, Act i sol. 616
So does a thirsty land drink up all the dew of heaven that They sing loud anthems of his endless praise ;
Any thing driven (the drove) is followed by the forts its fame, and the greater shower makes no torrent, nor And with fix'd eyes drink in immortal rays.
driver or drover, and does not imply contact: Any digs so much as a little furrows, that the drils of the water
Cowley. The Davideis, b. i. might pass into rivers, or refresh their neighbour's weari
thing dragged follows that which drags, and does
Whoso of it (a fountaine) doth but onely taste
All former memory from him doth waste,
imply contact; and there is the same distinction He that but saw thy curious captain's drill,
Not changing any other worke of nature,
(with respect to place) between pull and push.
But doth endowe the drinker with a feature
And see Draw, ante.
To drive or force, to urge or hurry along.
To drive or aim at, to irtend or purpose.
ing in the meditation of the law, not in the ease of the body, To drive or force, to compel; to drive to or The only drilling is to eat devoutly,
wondering at the works of God, not indulging to delicious towards, to impel; to drive out, to expel; to drine And to be ever drinking
banquets, and softer drinkings or dancings, that do not Massinger. The Unnatural Combat, Act iii. sc. 1. better the understanding.
back, to repel; to drive forward, to propel.
Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 2. Drive, n. is common in speech, as -to take a There was no water on this island but at one place on the east-side, close by the sea ; there it drills slowly down from On leaves of trees and bitter herbs she fed,
drive in the Drive of Hyde Park. the rocks where it may be received in vessels.
Heaven was her canopy, bare earth her bed;
Heo chargede here schippes faste and wel with alle gode, Dampier. Voyages, an. 1684. So hardly lodg'd: and to digest her food,
And wende vorth with god wynd and wel dryuing flode;
And driue euer westward, so that in god pais
Dryden. Orid. Metam. b.i.
Heo come here to Engelonde to hauene of Tottenais. a different internal specifick constitution between a change
R. Gloucester, p. 20. ling and a drill, when they agree in shape, and want of It is true, whilst we are in the body, there are some things reason and speech !---Locke. On Hum. Underst, b. iii. c. 6. necessary to our being in it, though not our being happy ; The other bi gan to turne ageyn, and drof hym into Walis. as meat, and drink, and clothing, which are the ordinary
Id. p. 38. DRINK, v. Goth. Driggkan; A. S. Drink- means, whereby these houses of clay wherein we dwell, are
Thorgh out Chestreschire werre gan thei dryne. DRINK, n. an, drencan; Dut. Drincken ; supported and defended from wind and weather.
R. Brunne, p. 1. DRINKABLE. Ger. Trincken ; Sw. Dricka,
Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 112.
Unkynde and unknowing quath Crist, and with a rop
ten of the clock, after which it would grow distastefully hot. To draw in at the mouth and
Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 698. And drof hem out alle. that there bowten, a (or) solde. swallow, (sc.) any liquid ; to draw in or inbibe,
Piers Plouhman, p. 312. to absorb, to inbale, to receive or take in eagerly,
of bottles next succeeds a goodly train,
And whanne he hadde maad as it were a scourge of smalo like one thirsty ; to receive or take in, (sc.) by the Each waited on by a bright virgin glass,
cordis, he droog out alle of the temple, and oxen and scheep. senses of hearing or seeing. Clean, sound, and shining like its drinker's lass.
Wiclif. John, c. 2,
So nigh I drow to disperaunce
I rought of death, ne of life
Whether that love would me drift.-Chaucer. R. of the B
I rede thee loue away to driue,
That maketh thee reck not of thy liue.--Id. Do.
And tooke him of his arrows fiue,
an useful drinking-glass, and these words fully express what
it is, to treat it accordingly is, indeed, to drink out of it, Full sharp and redy for to driue.-Id. Ib.
when there is occasion, and it is truly useful, and to break
And in Northumberlonde arrineth,
Wollaston. Religion of Nature, s. 1.
And happeth than, that she dryueth
Under a castell with the floode,
To this end the person who wanted to drink applied his Whiche v pon Humber banke stood.-Gower. Con. 4. b. the
mouth, and the assistant then taking his hand from the
Not alwaies ill though so be now,
Phobus the freshe ne shooteth still,
Sometime he harpes his muse to wake.
Vncertaine Auctors. The Meane Estate (from Horace.)
The carts with the driuers, and with the oxen, camels, mete.--Id. I Corynthians, c. S.
asses, and mules, with the whole carriage and victuals ho 3 A. S. Driop-an, droppan; Dut.
tooke and brought with him.
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 84.
As it may be proued true, if ye sink a sayle by a couple
ners two gunne chambers or other weights ; by the driuing say, behold a glutton and dryncker of wine, and a frende
whereof you shall plainly perceive the course of the water, into publicans and synners.- Bible, 1551. Matthew, c. 11. Having roasted him enough.mlet what was put into his and current, running with such course in the bottome.
Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 15. Por the tyme that is passid is ynow to the wille of hethene belly, and what drips, be his sauce.
Wallon. Angler, pt. i. c. 13. men to be endid, whiche walkidin in leccheries and lustis,
This king hath 1000 tame elephants, which are kept euen in mych drynkung of wyn, unmesurable etingis and drynk- Sir God. [At the door.) He drips and drops poor man:
as we keepe droues of oxen, or flocks of shepe in pasture. ingis, and unleeful worschiping of mawmetis.
Id. Ib. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 57. alas, alas ! - Anonymous. The Puritan, Act iv. Wiclif. 1 Peter, c. 4.
With that he driues at them with dreadful might Weep. O ye barrels! let your drippings fall
Both in remeinbrance of his friend's late harme,
In trickling streams; make waste more prodigal
And in reuengement of his owne despight.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 5.
Thither resorted also the baser sort certaine well knowen
Corbet. On John Dawson, Buller of Christ Church. to Vitellius by means of vnhonest seruices, which in time For though a man forbid dronkenesse,
past they had done him, as buffons, stage-players, and charet
Who would not takс offence to see a face
drivers ; with which kinde of reproachfull acquaintance he
was delited wonderfully -Savile. Tacitus, p. 03.
For betwixt the laity and the clergy there is, as it were,
Congreve. Ovid. Art of Lore, b. iii. continual driring of a bargain, something the clergy would That he maie neuer drinke his fille,
still have us be at, and therefore many things are heard So that there maie no thynge fulfille But I do think, that it is better to bask in the sun, and
from the preacher with suspicion.-Selden. Table Talk, p.98. The lustes of his appetite.
suck a fortuitous sustenance from the scanty drippings of the Gower. Con. A. h. v.
most barren rocks in Switzerland, with freedom for my It seemeth that Jubal first gathered together, and made For Bacchus was a glotton eke,
friend, than to batten as a slave, at the most luxurious table familiar those beasts which formerly were untamed, and Hyr for the throte thei beseke, of the greatest despot on the globe.
brought them into herds and drores. That he it wolde washen ofte
Anecd. of Bp. Watson, vol. i. p. 121.
Ralegh. History of the World, b. i. c. 5. 8. 3.
For then a certain
Drover of the south comes to pay you money.
Darenant. The Wits, Act I. sc. 1.
DRIVER. Sw. Drifwa. · Adrif-an, repel. coulde scarcely haue borne beyng sober : but hauynge then
DRIVINO, n. lere, expellere, ejicere, abigere,
The main thing in it, at which it chiefly drives, is, to press hyy senses ouercome with drynke, leaped sodainly from the
the king to finish first a civil league with them, and to leave DROVE. fugare,' to drive away, repell
, those particulars concerning religion to be afterwards treated table --Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 211.
DRO'VER. expell, cast out. Be-drif-an, adi- of.—Burnet. History of Reformation, an. 1538. Addenda
The multitude, or common rout, like a drore of sheep, or He bowed his necke to sl. pe, and there ne lay along the enforce one to do a thing, to drive or thrust in or
an heard of oxen, may be managed by any noise, or cry ground,
upon,” (Somner.) See Drift, and ADRIFT. which their drirers shall accustom them to.
South, vol. ii. Ser. %.
Besides, their pace was formal, grave, and slack;
His nimble wit outran the heavy pack.
Yet still he found his fortune at a stay
Whole droves of blockheads choaking up the way.
Dryden. The Medal.
For whan he gorged had himself with meates and drinkyng gere, cogere, impellere, to compel, to constrain or