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Divers drovers from Wales, by his means and procure- But if some old acquaintaunce cum

These whiffers, who have neither leaming nor good who hath been long away,

manners, are neither afraid nor ashamed by their rude Inent, had an allowance by order of the house, for £3000. in satisfaction of losses they had sustained by the enemy.

Or sumi good honest neighbour els

drolling and buffooning to expose to contempt all that which Parliamentary History. Charles I. an. 1647. through sletie drisling day

the wisest and best men in the world have always had the Do ceasc from woorke, we mery make.

greatest veneration for.-Hallywell. Moral Sermons, p. 56 Ten cook's shops and twice the number of barbers : and

Drant. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 2.

The knight, who heard the words explain'd all within three minutes driring. Sterne. Tristram Shandy, vol. vii. c. 17. The draffysh declaratyons of my Lorde Boner, with such As meant to him this reprimand, other dirty dryselings of Antichrist.

Because the character did hit, We were stopped several times by long droves of mules

Bule. Yet a Course, &c. fol. 97. Point blank upon his case so fit, carrying corn to Valencia; their conductors, most savage

Believ'd it was some drolling sprite looking fellows, all clad in leather; their broad belts were But see the drisling south, my mournful straine Sastened behind their waist with seven buckles,

Answers, in weeping drops of quick’ning raine.

That staid upon the guard that night.

Hudibras, pt. iii. c. I. Swinburn. Spain, Let. 14.

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. i. 3. 4.

In the first place I must observe there is a set of merry
Skinner, Drivel, sa-
Or that there teares that drissel from mine eyes,

drolls, whom the common people of all countries adınire, DRI'vel, n. liva,

Had power to mollify his stony heart,
from Ger. Trieffen,
That, when I had him, we might neuer part.

and seem to love so well, that they could eat thein, according DRIVELLER. treopffeln, stillare, to drop.

Marlow. Edw. II. to the old proverb.--Spectator, No. 47. Dri'VELLING, n. A drivell or droile, (one who

Sometimes, tho' but seldom, when these winds blow, the And now he is making an experiment by another sort of is driven about any where,) Junius derives from sky is over-cast with small clouds, which afford much enemies, and sets the apes and drollers upon it. the Dut. Drivel, which Kilian interprets, “ Me- drizling small rain.--Dampier. Voyage, vol. ii. pt. iii. c. I.

Glanville, Ser. 4. diastinus servus. Ang. Drivill." Skinner thinks Thus easy rob’d, they to the fountain sped,

Such men as these, are not to be argued with, till they the Dut. Drevel is from the verb Drevclen, itare, That in the middle of the court up threw,

can be persuaded to use arguments instead of drollery. frequenter itare, (q.d.) one who is constantly A stream. high-spouting from its liquid bed,

Clarke. On the Evidences, Introd. And falling back again in drizzly dew. running, (i. e. driven) about; and this evidently

What confusion will one day cover the faces of those that

Thomson. Castle of Indolence, c. 1. from the Dut. Driiven, to drire. Drivel, saliva,

do not only speak slightly and carelessly, but oftentimes is itself, (there can scarcely be a doubt) the At two in the afternoon the sky became cloudy and hazy: contemptuously and perhaps drollingly of the supreme and

infinitely perfect Being, tu whom they owe those very facul diminutive of drive, and means expulsum, driven the wind increased to a fresh gale : blew in squalls attended with snow, sleet, and drizzling rain.

ties, and that wit, which they so ungratefully, as well as out, as saliva from the mouth,

Cook. Voyage, vol. iii. b. i. c. 3. impiously misemploy.-Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 156. To drive out, (sc.) the saliva or slaver; as in

These idle drollists have an utter antipathy to all braver fants, drills, ideots do; to slaver; and thus

DROIL. ) See Driver, supra ; and Droile in and more generous kinds of knowledge. Drivel, or Driveller, (Droil or Drill, qv.) is a Droil, v.) Jamieson.

Glanville. Reflections on Drollery & Atheism, s. 3. glaverer, and consequentially, an ideot, a dotard. We will not be of any occupation,

We read in the Alexandrian Chronicle, &c that Gelasius Let such vile vassals borne to base vocation

and Ardaleo, two pantomimes, as they were drolling on the Thus thei drevelen atte deyes. the deyte to knowe.

Drudge in the world, and for their living droyle,
Piers Plouhman, p. 185.

stage, and feigning themselves Christians, were suddenly Which have no wit to live withouten toyle.

converted, and suffered martyrdom. Lykest thou not this ? No, why? for swine so grones

Spenser. Nother Hubbard's Tale.

Jorlin. Rem. on Eccles. Hist. In stye, and chaw dung moulded on the ground; And driucl on pearles, with head still in the maunger; Finding the ease she had from her visible and sensuous When I first received the news of your victory, I could So of the harpe the asse doth heare the sound.

collegue the body, in performance of religious duties, her not forbear mimicking a certain worthy friend of ours, and Wyal. How to Vse the Court, &c. pinions now broken, and flagging, shifted off from herself | imitating the droll figures those gallant youths exhibited, of What wilt thou more? what wilt thou craue,

the labour of high soaring any more, (the soul] forgot her whose interest he had so confidently boasted. Since she is as thou wouldst her haue? heavenly flight, and left the dull and droyling carcase to

Melmoth. Cicero, b. iv. Let. 9. Then set this driuel out of dore

plod on in the old read, and drudging trade of outward conThat in thy braines such tales doth poure. formity:-Milton. Of Reformation in England.

But to ask for matter of drollery in every thing, and dress I'ncerlaine Auctors. The Louer describeth his whole state, &c.

up subjects of the utmost importance in ludicrous disguises, Then I begin to rave at my star's bitterness,

to deliylit ourselves and others with laughing at them, is And yet speake I not this either to encourage the hus- To see how many muckhills plac'd above me;

the silliest affectation of wit, and the most dangerous kind bande to vse his wife as a vile dreuell, because she is com- Peasants and droyls, caroches full of dunghills,

of folly.--Secker, vol. i. Ser. 12. maunded to obeye, or to discomforte the wife, because she Whose very birth stinks in a generous nostril. is subject to her husbande.-Udal. Corinth. c. 11.

Beaum. f Fletch. Wit at several Weapons, Act ii. sc. 1. This never transported him to any thing which looked For, said he, kissing Charita, i? thou didst know what a

like malignancy: yet in the little rubs and vexations of

DROLL, v. Fr. Drole, or draule. Droler, life, 'twas apt to show itself in a drollish and witty kind of Nie I lead with that drivel, it would make thee even of pity, receive me into thy only comfort.-Sidney. Arcadia, b. iii.

Droll, n

to play the wag, to pass away peevishness.Sterne. Tristram Shandy, vol. ii. c. 12.

DROLL, adj. the time as a good fellow, mer. His eyen and mouth faire closed without any staring,

Should the senate-house where all our law-givers assemblo gaping, or frowning, also without any driueling or spurging

DROLLER. rily or carelessly,” (Cotgrave.) be used for a theatre or droll-house, or for idle puppet-shows ? In any place of his body. DRO’LLERY. Kilian and some other etymo

Watts. The Holiness of Times, &c. Dis. 3. Fox. Martyrs, p. 740. Verdict of the Inquest on R. Hun. DRO'LLING, N. logists refer to some northern Clara. Thro' his lean chops a chattering he doth make DRO'LLINGLY.

DROMEDARY. Fr. Dromedaire; It. and Sp.

demons, so called. The Dut. Dromedario; Lat. Dromedarius ; Gr. Apouas kaWhich stirs his staring beastly drivel'd beard,

Dro'llish. And his sharp horns he seem'd at us to shake:

Drollen, volvere; Ger. Troll ; undos, dromus camelus, dromedary camel. See the Canst thou then blame us though we were afraid.

DRO'LLIST. Eng. Troll

, to turn, roll or quotation from Brende. Drayton. The Muses' Elysium, Nymphal 10. tumble about, seems a more simple and satisfactory

Δρομας, from δρεμ-ειν, to

run. So called from their swiftness, But when he spied her his saint,

etymology. He wipte his greasie shoes,

To roll or tumble about; to play tumbler's The multitude of camels shal couer the, the dromedaries And cleard the driuell from his beard, tricks, to make ridiculous gestures, play merry

of Midia & Epha.-Bible, 1551. Isaye, c. 9. And thus the shepheard wooes. Warner. Albion's England, b. iv. c. 20. anties, to joke, to jest, to trick.

Abulites there mette Alexander with pryncelye and rich Both they vnwise, and warelesse of the euill,

Shows, called drolleries, were in Shakespeare's gystes, and presented hym amongst the reste of other thinges That by themselues, ynto themselues is wrought,

time performed by puppets.

From these our

dor medary camels yt were wonderful swift. Through that false witch and that foule aged dreuil, modern drolls exhibited at fairs, &c. took their

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 108. The one a fiend, the other an incarnate Devil. name, (Steevens.) And see Drake, (vol i. p. 252.) from the hands of his enemies, Aying upon a dromedang

Some one of the ancient kings of Persia that had escaped Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 2.

See the quotations from Beaumont and Fletcher, cammel lodged him in that place.- North. Plutarch, p. 572. No man could spit from him, without it (the tongue;} but and from Watts. would be forced to drivle, like some paraliticks or a fool; the tongue being a stop-cock to the air, till upon its suddain

I have often, says he, been present at a show of elephants,

As Killegrew buffons his master, they droll on their God, removal, the spittle is thereby driren away before it.

camels, dromedaries, and other strange creatures; but I but a much duller way.-Marvell. Works, vol. iii. p. 333. Grew. Cosmo Sacra, b. i. c. 5.

never saw so great an assembly of spectators as were met This driveling knight, with pockets full, The old Duke of Main, who was used to play the droll

together at the opening of this great piece of wax work. And proud as any great Mogul,

with him, coming softly into his bed chamber, thrust his For his wise conduct had been made,

bald head, and long neck in a posture to make the king In the last great battel, Pinkethman is to personate King Director of the jobbing trade. merry - Howell, b. i. s. I. Let. 18.

Porus upon an elephanı, and is to be encounter'd by Powel, Somervile. The Happy Disappointment.

So here.

representing Alexander the Great upon a dromedary, which This quaint improvement on an Egyptian blunder, by Will I my drolleries, and bloody landscapes,

nevertheless Mr. Powel is desired to call by the name of some drivelling Greek mythologist, as rank as it is, is one of Long past wrapt up, unfold, to make me inerry

Bucephalus.-Spectator, No. 31. the chief circuinstances on which our illustrious author hath

With shadows, now I want the substance. thought fit to support his chronology.

Has inger. The Virgin Martyr, Act v. sc. 1.

DRONE, v. Skinner thinks contracted from Warburton. Divine Legation, b. iv. s. 5. I had rather make a drollery till thirty,

Drone, n. droven, past part. of the verb, In life's last scene what prodigies surprise, While I am able to endure a tempest

Dro'Ning, n. to drive. Tooke from the A.S. Fears of the brave, and follies of the wise! And have my fights out bravely,

DRO'NISH. From Marlb'rough's eyes the streams of dotage flow,

Beaum. & Fletch. Valentinian, Act ii. sc. 2. shake off, to drive away. “ Drone, excussus, exAnd Swift expires a driv'ler and a show. Johnson. The Vanity of Human Wishes.

To these the Romish factor hath, in the name of the pulsus (subaud. Bee) is written in the A. S. Dran, DRIZZLE, v.

stationer, pleased to give the stile of drollery and piquant drane, dræn. Dim. from Goth. Driusan; i sauce.--Hammond. Works, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 61.

Drag (y in dryg-an being changed Dar'zzling, n. A. S. Dreos-an, to fall. (See

into a broad) is the regular past tense of drygan, DRIZZLY. Dross.) Ger. Reisen, to fall.

For having soon wrought himself dexterously into his by adding to it the participial termination en, we

patron's favour, by short graces and sermons and a mimical have dragen, drag'n, dran (the a broad) proRiseln, guttatim cadere, to fall in drops.

way of drolling upon the Puritans, which he knew would To fall in very small drips or drops; to shed, to take both at chappc and table; he gained a great authority

nounced by us in the south, drone,(Tooke, ii. rain very small drops. likewise among all the domesticks.

225.) Marvell

. Works, vol, ii p. 46 To drone, the verb, is formed upon the noun ; 618

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to do as the drone does; to live upon the labours Nay, so far are their duties from being less acceptable to I must take notice here of our archbishop's care for a
of others, sluggishly, lazily; to make the humming such sprightliness of affections, and overflowings of joy, as
God upon this account, that they are not accompanied with parish church in his province being in danger of dropping

down for want of reparation.
noise of the drone.
they were wont, but are performed droopingly and heavily;

Strype. Life of Abp. Whilgill an. 1594
that on the contrary, I scruple not to say, they are a great
And right as dranes doth nought but drynketh vp the huny,
deal more.--Sharpe, vol. iii. Ser. 3.

That I grieve. 'tis true:
Whan been (bees) with her busynes haus brought it to hepe.

But 'tis a grief of fury; not despair!
Piers Plouhman. Crede. Whate'er distinguish'd patriots rise,

And if a manly drop or two fall down,
The times and manners to revise,

It scalds along my cheeks, like the green wood
Some time thei icine and all at ones do from their manger And drooping merit raise,

That sputt'ring in the flame works outward into tears.
The song of triumph still pursues

Dryden. Cleomenes, Act 1. sc. I.
The slouthful drones that would cosume, and nought will Their footsteps; and the moral muse
do to get.-Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. i.
Dwells sweetly on their praise.

That which rises from the bottom of the still is but a

Smart. Ode to the Earl of Northumterland. vapour, and becomes not a drop till it settles upon the
All, with united force, combiine to drive
The lazy drones from the laborious hive.--Dryden. Ib. Upon her face there was the tint of grief,

upper part of it. South, vol. xi. Ser. I.
The settled shadow of an inward strife,

What crowds of these, impenitently bold,
For Poesy is follow'd with such spite,
And au unquiet drooping of the eye

In sounds and jingling syllables grown old,
By groveling drones that never raught her height,
As it its lid were charged with unshed tears.

Still run on poets, in a raging vein,
Draylon. Elegies. To Mr. George Sandys.

Lord Byron. The Dream.

Even to the dregs and squeezings of the brain,

Strain out the last dull droppings of their sense,
Now blind, dishearten'd, asham'd, dishonourd, quellid,
DROP, v. See Drip.

And rhyme with all the rage of impotence.
To what can I be usefull, wherein serve
My nation, and the work from heaven impos'd,

A. S. Droppan; Ger. Trief-

Pope. Essay on Criticism.
But to sit idle on the household hearth,

Dropper. fen; Dut. Droppen or droop-en, I shall drop these subjects of mortality, with pointing A burdenous drone.-Milton. Samson Agonisles.

DRO'PPING, N. stillare;

out a single monument of inferior note.
DRO'PLET. To fall or cause to fall in

Pennant. London, p. 104.
But (as it seem'd) they thenght (as do the swaines,
Which tune their pipes on sack'd Hibernia's plaines) drops ; to still or distil ; and generally, to fall or He concluded with a wish, that " whosoever shall attempt
There should some droaning part be, therefore will'd cause to fall, to descend; to let fall, to let go, to to hinder his union with Ajut might be buried without his
Some bird to flie into a neighb'ring field,
dismiss; to quit the hold of; to quit.

bow, and that, in the land of souls, his scull might serve for In embassie unto the king of bees,

no other use than to catch the droppings of the starry lamps."
To aide his partners on the flowres and trees.
In Milton, dropped with gold; as if gold had

Rambler, No. 186.
Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. i. s. 3. fallen in distinct drips or drops; and thus, spotted
Dost thou cuer thinke to bring thine eares or stomach to
or speckled.

the patience of a dry grace, as long as a table cloth? and Drop-meal, i. e. driblet. Drop, and A. S. Mæl, DROPSIED. -sia ; Sp. Hydropesia ; Lat.
droan'd out by thy sonne, here, (that might be thy father :) | part or portion.

DRO'PSICAL. Hydrops; Gr. 'Topwy, (ab till all the meat o'thy board has forgot it was that day i' the

aquoso aspectu,) from úswp, water, and wf, the kitchen.-B. Jonson. Bartholomew Fayre, Act i, sc. 3. And gut was Wyllam's grace thulke day so gode,

That he nadde no wounde, war thoru he ssedde' an drop aspect, (aspectus, vel etiam oculi, Vossius.) Turn out their droning senate, and possess


R. Gloucester, p. 363. See HYDROFSY.
That seet of empire which our souls were fram'd for.
Olway. Venice Preserved, Act ii. sc. 3. And he was maad in agonye, and preiede the lenger, and

And lo a man syk in the dropesye was bifore him. his swoot was maade as dropis of blood rennynge doun into

Wiclif. Luk, c. 14.
For it is to be understood, that in the language of the the erthe.---Wiclif. Luk, c. 22.
spirit cant and droning supply the place of sense and reason

The dropsy drowth, that Tantale in the flood
in the language of men.
And he was in an agonye, and praied somewhat longer,

Endureth ay, all hopeless of reliefe.
and his sweate was lyke droppes of bloude, tryckling doune
Secist. On the Mechanical Operation of the Spirit.

Yncertaine Auctors. Hell Tormenteth, 8c. to the grounde.---Bible, 1551. Ib.

Of to moche drynkynge procedeth dropsies, wherwith the Who having in them little of ingenuity or willingness For thou droppedest euery day in mine eares, and in my freely to doe good; (the Jews) would be apt to waxe not thought thilke commaundement of Pythagoras, that is to body, & ofte tymes the vysage. 18 swollen and defaced.

Sir T. Elyot. Governorr, b. iii. c. 21. onely drunish and lazy but sturdy and insolent: had they say, Menne shall seruen to God, and not to Goddes. not been kept under and inured to something of burthen

Chaucer. Boecius, b.i.

Full of diseases was his carcasse blew,
and toil.--Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 15.
But water that downe runneth aye

And a drie dropsie through his flesh did flow:

Which by misdiet daily greater grew :
From such a description one would think that a droning
But neuer droppe retourne maye.--Id. Rom. of the Rose.

Such one was Gluttony, the second of the crew. duke, or a dowager duchess, was not possessed of more just Men sain that three thinges driven a man out of his hous;

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. 1. c. fe
pretension to taste than persons of less quality; and yet
whatever the one or the other may write or praise, shall
that is to say, smoke, dropping of raine, and wicked wives.

Virgil and Horace, if inspir'd by thee
Id. Tale of Melibeus.

Had writ but lewd and pagan poetry;
pass for perfectiun, without farther examination,
Goldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 56.
Sende Lazar downe fro thilke sete,

Dull dropsied lines, or else as dry
And do, that he his finger wete

And raging as a fever.
Ah, notorious as thou art,
In water, so that he maie droppe

Brome. Against corrupted Sack.
Why hast thou shown this vagabond the way

Upon my tonge, for to stoppe
Into the city! are we not enough

The dropsy, by indulgence nurs'd,
The great hete, in which I brenne.-Gower. CoR. A. b. vi.
Infested with these whining hungry drones.

Pursues us with increasing thirst,
Fro the seconde as bokes seyne ;

Till art expels the cause, and trains
Cowper. Homer. Odyssey, b. xvii.
The moyst droppes of the reyne

The wat'ry langour from our veins.
Descenden in the iniddle erth,

Francis. Horace, b. ii. Ode 2.

Skinner thinks from the Dut. And tempreth it to sede and erth. Id. Ib. b. vii.

Atticus, weary of his life as well as his physicians, by loug
Droef, sad; and that from the

And this would he to thentent that the thyng whiche euer and cruel pains of dropsical gout, and despairing of any Ger. Treub, treuben, itself from

should bee beleued, might by litle and lytle be stilled, & as cure, resolved by degrees to starve himself to death; and the Lat. Turbare. But droop it wer dropped into the heartes of men.-- Udal. Matt. c. 3. went so far, that the physicians found he had ended his is evidently no other than drop; somewhat

disease instead of his life, and told him, that to be well, thero differently written and applied.

It stoppeth teares or droppinges of the eyen.

would need nothing but only resolve to live.
Sir T. Elgot. Castel of Helth, b. iii.

Sir W. Temple. Of the Cure of the Gout.
To fall, to sink, to descend, to depress; and
Nay better learne of hem, that learned bee,

Skies such as these let every mortal shun
And han been watred at the Muses well:

Who dreads the dropsy, palsy, or the gout.
(met.) to faint, to be or become feeble or languid, The kindly deaw drops from the higher tree,

Armstrong. The Art of Preserving Health, b. I. to languish.

And wets the little plants that lowly dwell.

Spenser. Shepheard's Calendar. November. Laguerre towards his latter end grew dropsical and inace
He drouped therfore donne. & said the lord were schent

tive.-Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c. I.
Yet from the wound no drop of bloud there fell,
R. Brunne, p. 252.
But wondrous paine, that did the more en haunce

DROSS, n. A. S. Dross : sordes, fax,
His eien drouped hole sonken in his heed.
His hauty courage to avengement fell :

Chaucer. The Testament of Creseide.
Smart daunts not mightie harts, but makes them more to

filth, dregs, lees, dross, (Somswell.

Id. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 3. DRO'SSINESS. ner.) The past part, of Goth.
Wel coude he dresse his takel yemanly:
Ilis arwes drouped not with fetheres lowe.

And observe, that if your droppers be larger than, or even Drius-an; A. S. Dreos-an, dejicere, precipitare,
as large as, your stretcher, you will not be able to throw a

to cast down, to precipitate, (Tooke.)
Id. The Prologue, v. 107.
good line; but a beginner should never use more than one

That which falls, sinks, precipitates, or is cast
And yet what is he that is so somer of witte, and so droup fly.-Walton. Angler, pt. ii. c. 5. Note.
na of braine (I will not say) blockheaded, or insensate, that

down; which falls or separates the gross sediment, is not mooued with such pleasure.

As a thristy wench scrapes kitchen stuff,

(sc.) from purer substances ; (met.) any foul or
Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 56.
And barrelling the droppings, and the snuff

worthless refuse ; foulness, impurity.
Of wasting candles, which in thirty year
By this, the drouping day.light'gan to fade,

Relicly kept perchance buys wedding cheer.-Donne, Sat.2.
And yeeld his roome to sad succeeding night,

And therfore shal I laye my hande vpon thee, and burne
Who with her sable mantle 'gan to shade
Though thou achorr'dst in vs our humane gricfes,

out thy drosse fro the finest and purest, and put oute all the The face of earth, and waies of liuing wight.

Scorn'dst our braines flow, and those our droplets, which leade.- Bible, 1551. Esay, c. 1.

From niggard nature fall; yet rich conceit
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 11,
Taught thee to make vast Neptune weepe for aye

The churn milke which remaineth of the butter, they let
If he (the historian) be pleasant, he is noted for a iester :
On thy low graue, on faults forgiuen.

alone till it be as sowre as possibly it may be, then they If he be graue, he is reckoned for a drooper.

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act v. sc. 5. boile it and in boyling it, it is turned all into curdes, which Holinshed, Ireland. Slanihurst to Sir H. Sidncie.

curds they drie in the sun, making them as hard as the This humor (snow] therefore not falling forcibly all at

drosse of iron.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 91. Then droop'd the fading flowers (their beauty fied)

once to drowne the root, ne yet washing away the earth from And clos'd their sickly eyes, and hung the head;

it (but distilling drop-mea!e a little at once in that propor- Some scum'd the drosse that from the metall came; hud, rivel'd up with heat, lay dying in their beu.

tion and measure as thirst requireth and calleth for it) Some stir'd the molton owre with ladles great; nourisheth all things, as from teat or pap.

And euery one did swink, and every one did sweat. Dryden. Tke Flower and the Leaf.

Holland. Plinie, b. xvii. c. 2.

Spenser Faerie Queene, b. ii c. 7.

Droo'ping, n.

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And all that pompe to which proud minds aspire

He is like to an hors that geketh rather to drink drooy or ! Now when the rosy fing'red Morning faire, By name of honour, and so much desire, troubled water, than to drink of the cleare well.

Weary of aged Tithou's saffron bea, Beems to them basenesse, and all riches drosse,

Chaucer. Persones Tale. Had spred her purple robe through deawy alre, And all mirth sadnes, and all lucre losse.

And the high hils Titan discouered,
Spenser. An Hymne of Heauenlie Beautie. DROWN, v. See Drench. A. S. Drenc-

The royall virgin shooke off drowsy-hed.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, hic2 8o doth the file the drossy gold refine.

DRO'WNER. ian; druncnian, mergere.
Davies. The Immortality of the Soul.

The sun to day rides drowsily,
DROWNING, N. To sink, plunge or depress;

Tomorrow 't will put on a look more fair;
This raging fire which through the mass doth move, to merge, to immerge; to overflow, to deluge, to Laughter and groaning do alternately
Shall purge my dross, and shall refine my love.

Return, and tears sport's nearest neighbours aro.
Dryden. The Conquest of Granada, Act iii. overwhelm; and more generally, to overpower.
The supreme authority gives a fictitious and arbitrary sunk under water till dead. (Met.)
Emphatically, to drown, is to sink or remain

Cowley. On the Uncertainty of Fortune.

Wake, our mirth begins to die: value to coin, which is therefore not current alike in all

Quicken it with tunes and wine: times and in all places; but the real value remains invari- To sink or remain sunk, immersed, plunged,

Rise your notes, you're out: fie, fie,
able, and the provident man who gets rid as fast as he can overwhelmed, (sc.) in any pursuit or occupation. This drowsinesse is an ill signe.
of this drossy piece, hoards up the good silver.

B. Jonson. The Poetaster, 8. 5.
Bolingoroke. Reflections upon Exile.
But whosoeuer offend one of these lytel ons, whiche beleue

We sleep and drotse, and suffer our precious minutes to “I know, O Lord (says the Psalmist] that thy judgments

in me, it were better for hym that a mylstone were hanged are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast amicted me;" about his necke, and that tie were drowned (Wiclir, drenchid] the night is shutting in, till the night of darkness come upon

run and waste away doing nothing to any good purpose, till the furnace of affliction being meant hut to refine us from in the depth of the sea.-Bible, 1551. Matthew, c. 18.

us.--Hopkins. Ser. Phil. ii. 12. our earthly drossiness, and soften us for the impression of God's own stanip and image.- Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 275.

Who is he, that shall plucke and withdraw ys awaye from Near the Cimmerians, in his dark abode

louing them (God and Christ] againe, which so tenderly loue Deep in a cavern dwells the drowsy God; Great skill have they in palmistry, and more

vs ? Shall any storm of worldly ad sitie do Shall Whose gloomy mansion nor the rising sun, To conjure clean away the gold they touch,

ieopardy of drownyng, or any like peril chauncyng after lyke Nor setting, visits, nor the lightsome moon. Conveying worthless dress into its place ; sort ?- Udal. Romaines, c. 8.

Dryden. Ovid. Met. b. xl. Loud when they beg, dumb only when they steal.

Cowper. Task, b. i.

The pourse of dyse and cardes, is werisome idlenesse, Which expressions import a most constant and careful enemy of virtuc, drowner of youthe.

attendance upon this duty: that we do not make it a DROSSELL. See DRAZEL.

Ascham. The Schole of Shooting. Tapepyov, or by business in our life, (a matter of small con

sideration or indifference, of curiosity, of chaunce,) to be DROVE, n. See Drive. And makes a covenant never to destroy

transacted drotcsily or faintly, with a desultorious and slight The earth again by flood, nor let the sea

endeavour, by fits, as the humour taketh us. DROUGTH. A. S. Drug-oth. It was for- Surpass his bounds, nor rain to drown the world

Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 6. Drou'GuTY. | merly written, Dryeth, dryth, With man therein or beast.- Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xi.

What reason is there to make us watchful, both against and drith. (See under Dry.) Drougth is that

our spiritual enemies, and our own drow'siness, lest security

That wilde rout that tore the Thracian bard which drieth, the third pers. sing. of dryg-an,

steal upon us without observation; for our hearts are as

In Rhodope, where woods and rocks had eares drug-an, arescere, (Tooke, ii. 413.) Wallis says,

ready to sin as Satan is to tempt. To rapture, till the savage clamor dround

Bates. The Sure Trial of Uprightness. Dry, siccus, drowth, droughth, dry'th, siccitas. It Both harp and voice; nor could the Muse defend is improperly written drought. Her son.-Id. Ib. b. vii.

A pleasing land of drowsy-head it was,

Of dreams that wave before the half-shut eye; That which drieth or parcheth; dryness; thirst. He hath promised us those weapons whereby we may with

And of gay castles in the clouds that pass, stand the torrent of wickedness in the world, with far Right as fishes in flod. wenne hem faileth water

For ever flushing round a summer sky. greater success than the old Gauls were wont to do in the

Thomson. Castle of Indolence, e. 1. Deyen for dreuthe. Piers Plouhman, p. 83.

inundations of their country, whose custom was to be
drowned with their arms in their hands.

Above is perpetual gloom; the sun is not seen, nor the After great drought, there com meth a raine.

Stillingfleet, vol. i. Ser. 2.

breeze felt; the air stagnates, and pestilential vapours diffuse Chaucer. Balade. Doublenesse of Women.

drowsiness, lassitude, and anxiety.- Adventurer, No. 61.

Every draught to him that has quencht his thirst is but a Whanne that April with his shoures sote

farther quenching of nature; a provision for rheum and The droughle of March hath perced to the rote.

DRUB, v.

Sw. Drubba, ferire, conili. diseases, a drowning of the quickness and activity of the Id. Prologue. spirits.-South, vol. i. Ser. 1.

DRUB, n.

gere, to beat, to strike or dash All the whole armie laye in an open plaine ground, with

DRU'BBING, N. against. Ger. Treff-en, which out coverture very nere the citee by reason whereof, thei

Eager he catches hold
or what comes next to hand, and grasps it hard,

Wachter thinks may be from the A. S. Torf-ian, Wer sore cúbered with hete and drougth.

Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 19.
Just like a creature drowning.-Blair. Grave.

to throw, (sc.) feriendi causa, for the sake or At which thing one of hys chambrelaynes meruaylynge,

purpose of striking.

DROWSE, v. Dut. Droosen, dormitare; requyred the cause of hys drouth. To whoine he answered

To beat, to give a good beating or flogging; merely saiyng. I haue ihys nyght bene in the middest of

DRO'wsy. perhaps from the Goth. Driu- to give or inflict blows. Spayne, which is a hote region, & that iourney maketh me

DROWSIEAD. sun; A. S. Dreosan, to fall, to 60 drie, & if thou haddest bene vnder that hote clymate, DRO'wsily.

He that is valiant, and dares fight, thou wouldest haue bene dryer then I.-Id. Hen. VII. an. 17.

drop or droop, (sc.) the head.

Though drubb'd, can lose no honour by't.
DROWSINESS. Thus, in the description of

Hudibras, pt. i. c. 3.
Let streaming floods their hasty courses stay,

The blows and drubs I have receiv'd
And parching drouth dry vp the crystall wells.

Have bruis'd my body, and bereav'd
Spenser. Daphnaida. " He rais'd his tardy head, which sunk again,

My limbs of strength.

Id. pt. i. c. 2. Another ill accident is, drouth, at the spindling of the

And sinking, on his bosom, knocked his chin." corn; which with us is rare; but in hotter countries com

Dryden. Ovid. Met. b. xi. And one of those he 'ad seen, and felt mon.-Bacon. Naturall History, $ 669.

The drubs he had so freely dealt. Id. pt. iii. c. 2.
To nod in slumber; to slumber, to lull to
Till, lo! at last,
slumber, to yield or give way to sleepiness, to

Their case seems now like that of some poor wretch under Nature, whose power he had so long surpass'd,

the correction of a merciless bully, who, after having been Would yield no more, but to himn stronger foes,

heavy slumber; to be or cause to be sluggish, kicked and despised by all the world besides, is sure to Drought, faintness, and fierce hunger, did oppose. heavy, lazy, dull, lethargic.

return with interest the drubbings he receives, upon that Cowley. On the Government of Oliver Cromwell.

unhappy creature whom he has had the luck to get the

For albeit his comming vnto his Apostles at that point, better of.-Middleton. The Present State of Trinity College. Oh! can the clouds weep over thy decay,

dyd not so thoroughly awake them, but that eyther they Yet not one drop fall from thy droughly eyes ? were stil so heauy, so drowsy, so amased, that scantly could

Calish, being a passionate man, gave Alcheic one day a Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. ii. they holde vppe theyr heades and loke on him.

sound drubbing.-Hume. A Dialogue.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1365.
So in a drought the thirsty creatures cry,

And gape upon the gather'd clouds for rain,
Their enemies had no harte to set vpon thē, whiles they

Drudge, (droog, druge,) the And first the martlet meets it in the sky, were drowned in this excesse of banqueting, dronkenship,

DRUDGE, n. past tense and past part. of And, with wet wings, joys all the feather'd train. and drowsinesse, but were as muche afraid of their dronken

DRI'DGERY. dreogan, ge-dreog-an, agere, toDryden. Annus Mirabilis. noise, as if they had hard theire crie encountering with them

DRU'DGING, N. lerare, pati, sufferre, (Tooke,) in battaile.-- Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 236. This vine growing on dry hills, in the woods where no

DRUDGINGLY. to act, to labour, to be patient, water is to be met with, its trunk if cut into pieces two or This deuise was then accounted a fantasticall imagination, to suffer or undergo. three yards long, and held by the other end to the mouth, and a drowsy dreame.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 167. The first folio of Shakespeare,( Timon of Athens,) affords so plentifully a limpid, innocent, and refreshing water, or sap, as gives new life to the droughty traveller or

All thir shape

has drugges, which the commentators think an hunter.

Spangl'd with eyes more numerous then those

error for drudges ; Junius considers drugge, quoted Dr. Sloane, in Derham. Physico-Theology, b. 10. Note 27. Of Argus, and more wakeful then to drouze,

from Chaucer, under the word drag, (qv.) and

Charm'd with Arcadian pipe, the pastoral reed Then comes the severish fiend, with fiery eyes,

or Hermes, or his opiate rod.-Millon. Par. Lost, b. xi.

drudge, to be closely allied. Baret says, " 2 drudge Whom drowth, convulsions, and whom death surround,

or drivell; a seruaunt that serveth in vile offices Fatal attendants ! if some subtle slave

There gentle sleep

or things, a kitchen slave." The verb is formed (Such, Obia men are styld) do not engage

First found me, and with soft oppression seis'd To save the wretch by antidote or spell.

My droused sense.

Id. Ib. b. viii.

upon the noun; Granger. The Sugar Cane, b. iv.

To do as a drudge does; to labour hardly, to Sir Guyon, mindfull of his vow yplight, He turneth the wilderness into a lake of water,

V prose from drousie couch, and hir addrest

work laboriously in mean or servile offices; to And the land of drought into springs of waters. Vnto the journey which he had behight.

suffer or undergo or endure continued labour or Bp. Horslry. Translation. Psalm 107.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3. employment, constant weariness or fatigue. DROVY, in Chaucer, says Lye is filthy,

His eyes then close

I toke in häde to trâslate thē at such seldome leasures 19 Their drowsie lids, and hanging down his head muddy. A.S. Drof, drofi, from drief-an, to dis.

I possiblie could fro mine other prophane trauailes incicet to

Opprest with slurnber, shrinks into his bed. turb.' It is, perhaps draffy water.

my drudging vocació spare, and now at isst haue finished Sandys. Ovid. Mel, b. xi,

the.--1/dal. Prologue to Ephesians. 620

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They added besides, that suche mariners as caried ye mean dryed up; that is, worthless, ( Tooke, ii. 414.) The Druidæ (for so they call their divinours, wise rom, merunguntes, and the drudges of tharmye, through coue.

and the state of their clergie) esteeme nothing more sacred pusnes or the gold, which had been reported vnto then, To drug, the verb, is formed upon the noun,

i in the world than misselto. and the tree whereupon it anded in the ilande, and were neuer seene after.

To give or supply drugs; any thing having qua- 1 breedeth, so it be on oke. Now this you must take by the Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 287 lities or producing effects similar to those of way, these priests or clergie men chose of purpose such

groves for their divine service, as stood only upon okes; drugs. Hadst thou like vs, from our first swath, proceeded

nay they solemnize no sacrifice, nor perform any sacred The sweet degrees that this briefe world affords,

Chaucer once writes Dragg.

ceremonies without branches and leaves thereof, so as they To such as may the passive drugges (drudges) of it

may seem well enough to be named thereupon Dryidæ in Freely commandst; (command] thou would'st have plung'd Lyf leyvede [believed) that leche craft. lette sholde elde,

Greeke, which signitieth as much as the oke-priests. (Ut thyself And to dryve away deth. with dayes (diets and] drogges.

inde appellati quoque interpretatione Græca pussint Druides In generall riot. Shakes. Timon of Athens, Act iv. sc. 3.

Piers Plouhman, p. 401,

videri.]-Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 44. And though she be some dunghill drudge at home, Full redy hadde he his apothecaries

In all places, where the Druiysh religion was frequented, Yet can he her resign some refuse room

To send him dragges, and his lettuaries,

such was the estimation of the preests ofiliis profession, Amidst the well known stars : or if not there,

For eche of hem made other for to winne.

that there was little or nothing doone without their skill. Sure will he saint her in bis Kalendere.

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 428.

sul aduise. - Hoiinshed. Description of Britaine, c. 9. Bp. Hall, b. i. Sat. 7.

Withoute blame to be giuen to the physytians, sauynge You, of your ancient princes, have retriev'd In black Egyptian slavery we lie; onely, that some of them [be] not diligent inough in behold

More than the ages know in which they livd; And sweat and toil in the vile drudgery, ynge their drouges or ingredience at all tymes dispensid and

Explain'd their customs and their rights anew, Of tyrant sin. Cowley. The Plagues of Egypt. tried.--Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Helih, Pref.

Better than all their Druids ever knew.

Waller. To a Person of Honour. There is no life happy but that which is spent in con

I haue drugo'd their possets,

In yonder grave a Druid lies,

That death and nature doe contend about them tinuall drudying for editication.

Where slowly winds the stealing wave,
Bp. Hall. Cont. The Faithful Canaanite. Whether they liue or dye.

Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act il. sc. 2.

The year's best sweets shall duteous rise, Nature is not master of that consummate art and wisdom

To deck its poet's sylvan grave. according to which it acts, but only a servant to it, and a

Oft they assayd,

Collins. On the Death of Mr. T'homson. drudging executioner of the dictates of it.

Hunger and thirst constraining, drug'd as oft,

There was a class of the Druids, whom they called Bards, Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 156. With hatefullest disrealish writh'd thir jaws

who delivered in songs (their only history) the exploits of With soot and cinders fill'd. - Milton. Paradise Lost, b. x.

their heroes; and who composed those verses, which conSo all the vain

Others take

tained the secrets of druidical discipline, their principles of And weak productions of man's wit,

natural and moral philosophy, their astronomy, and the That aim at purposes unfit, Drugs to procure a heary sleep, that so

mystical rites of their religion.

They may insensibly receive the means Require more drudgery, and worse

Burke. An Abridgement of English History, b. i. c. 2. That casts them on an everlasting slumber. Than those of strong and lively force. Butier. On the Weakness & Misery of Man.

Massinger. The Renegado, Act v. sc. 3.

But still the great and capital objects of their (the Saxons) Fraternities and companies, I approve of as merchants' worship were taken from Druidism; trees, stones, the ele All that I gain is but a threadbare coat,

ments, and the heavenly bouies.-Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 1. burses, colledges of druigers, physicians, musicians, Sc. And that with utmost pains and drudging got.

Burton. Democritus to the Reader, p. 63.
Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. 9.

DRUM, v.

A. S. Drem-an, drym-an, He was once a creature

Drum, n. jubilare, to make a joyful noise. In the judgment of the writer De Mundo, it is not so decorous in respect of God neither, that he should avtoupyerv It may be, of God's making, but long since

DRC'MMER. Dut. and Ger. Trommelen, pul. He is turn'd to a druggist's shop, the spring and fall drauta, set his own hand, as it were, to every work, and Hold all the year with him : that he lives, he owes

DRUMMING, n. sare tympanum; Ger. Trom. immediately do all the meanest and trillingest things bimTo art, not nature; she has given him o'er.

DRU'MBLE. men, sonare, susurrare.. self drudgingly, without making use ri any inferior or sub

Massinger. The Picture, Act iv. sc. 2. ordinate instruments.--Cudworth. Intcl. Sys. p. 149.

DRUMBLER. To beat a drum; to have Then I could rest as still as those

DROU'MY. or cause the action or sound But now I can mount, in the sun-beams I play,

Whom he has drugg'd to sure repose,

of a drum; the rattling, cheering noise of the While you must, for ever, drudge on in your way,

Fenton. To the Knight of the Sable Shield,
Cunningham. Pomona. A Pastoral.

quick beat, the dub a dub, as Gascoigne calls it,
Fletcher's despis'd, your Jonson's out of fashion, of “ the spirit-stirring drum," (Shakespeare ; ) then
A creative imagination disdains the mean offices of
And wit the only drug in all the nation.

to the base hum : and hence, to drum is also to digging for a foundation, of removing rubbish, carrying materials: leaving these servile employments to the drudges

Dryden. Epil. at the acting of the Silent Woman.

emit a humming, droning, sullen, murmuring in science, it plans a design, and raises a fabric.

As a man never pleads better than where his own personal sound or noise. See TRUMPET.
Reid. Inquiry, c. 1. . 2. interest is concerned, he exhibited to the court with great

For particular applications of the word, sce the Nor is it less likely that our rices may debase us to the eloquence, that this new corporation of druogists had in

flamed the bills of mortality and puzzled the College of quotations from Ray, and Paley, and Smollet. servile condition of inferior animals, in whose forms we may

Physicians with diseases for which they neither knew a Drumble appears to be merely the diminutive; be severely punished for the injuries we have done to mankind when amongst them, and be obliged in some measure name or cure.--Tatler, No. 131.

and in Shakespeare to be applied not to a droning to repair them, by performing the drudgeries tyrannically In the other place stating the several orders of their citi- noise, but to a droning, loitering action ; in Scotch, imposed upon us for their service.

zens, they place their ministers after their apothecaries; drumby is droning, dull, sullen, lowering, gloomy; Jenyns. Origin of Evil, Let. 4. that is, the physician of the soul after the drugster of the

and thus also dark, thick, and muddy: and so | body; a fit practice for those, who, if they were to rank DRU'ERIE. “ Fr. Druerie, that is to say, things as well as persons, would place their religion after Bacon uses droumy.

Drum-wine,-in the citation below from Mas. amitié," (Menage.)

With the Italians, says Du their trade.-South, vol. i. Ser. 4. Cange, druderia is -- jocus amatorius. The Low

singer, Mr. Gifford says, may be such bad wine as

But I th' important budget! usher'd in
Lat. Drudaria, amicitia.

is disposed of by sutlers at the drum-head; or such
With such heart shaking music; who can say
Drudi, amici; from
What are its tidings ? have our troops awak'd?

as was found at auctions or outcries, to which peothe Ger. Trewe, fides; Dut. Drul, druyt, fidelis.

Or do they still, as if with opium drugg'd, Mr. Tyrwhitt interprets it, "courtship, gallantry.”

ple at that time were summoned by beat of drum;

Snore to the murmurs of th' Atlantic wave! Ritson adds, illicit love.

Couper. Task, b. iv. unless, indeed, (which he considers to be more Wymmen ne kepte of no knygt as in druery, Mouffell adds, that Bucklersbury being replete with probable,) Dodsley's reading, “stum wine," he

correct. Is it not droumy wine ? Bote he were in armys wel y prowed.-R. Gloucester, p. 191.physic, drugs, and spicery, and being perfumed, in the time of the plague with the pounding of spices, inelting of gum,

The drummes crie dub a duh, the braying trumpets blow, Hit is as der worth a druwery, as dere God himselve. | and making perfumes for others, escaped that great plague

The whistling fires are seldom herd, these sounds do Piers Plouhman, p. 17. whereof such multitudes died, that scarcely any house was

drowne the so.--Gascoigne. Flowers. of battaile and of chevalrie,

left unvisited.- Pennant. London, p. 576. Or ladies love and druerie

Which came running to hinder my passage, supposing DRU'ID. Lye, and others, think is the Anon I wol you tell.

that we had bene other people, for we caried with us a fifer, Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,823.

DRUIDICAL. British Deruidhon, (q.d.) persa- & a drummer, and I was clad in other apparell then I went

DRU'IDISM. And saith, that for no druerie

in before, when they saw me first of all. pientes, very wise men ;- Wach.

Hackluyt. Vuyages, vol. iii. p. 437 DRU'IYSIL. He woll not leue his sluggardie.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

She was immediatly assaulted by diuers English pinasses, various etymologies that have been proposed) from That somme men clepen sorcerie,

hoyes, and drumblers.-Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 601. Whiche for to winne his drewrie, British Derw, an oak, and udd, a lord or master;

His drumming heart cheers up his burning eye. With many a circumstance he vseth, Skinner,—that the Druids were not so called by

Shakespeare. The Rape of Lucrece. There is no point, whiche he refuseth.-Id. Ib. b. vi. themselves, but that the name was given to them

In drums, the closeness round about, that preserveth the Syr, hydyr I com for swych a thyng, by the Greek settlers at Marseilles, propter quer

sound from dispersing, maketh the noise come forth at the To skere Launfal the knyght, cuum cultum, from the Gr. Apus, an oak. See the

drum-hole, far more loud and strong, than if you should That he never, yn no folye

quotation from Pliny; the word dry in Somner; strike upon the like skin, extended in the open air. Besofte the quene of no drurye,

Bacon. Naturall History, $ 142.
and Selden's Illustrations of Drayton, song 9. Du
By dayes ne be nyght.-Ritson. Launfal.
Cange (in v. Arbor), remarks, that long after the A parley was concluded, and a drummer dispatched twice

to the enemy before they would take notice of it.
Fr. Drogue; It. and Sp. Droga ;
introduction of the Christian Religion, the wor.

State Trials. Colonel Fiennes, an. 1643.
Dut. Drooyherrie, droogen, sic-

ship of trees and groves so flourished in Africa, DRU'GGER.

Hark, hark; what drummings yonder! I'll lay my life care. Drug, the noun, Tooke

Germany, Italy, Gaul, and other provinces, that Dru'GGIST. says, is the past part, of the A. S. it cost kings and popes much trouble to root it they are come to present the show I spake of.

Brewer. Lingua, Act ii. sc. 4 DRUGSTER. verb

out. Drug-an, drug-nn, to dry,

Cloris. Violins, strike up aloud, A rene, he adds, common to all Europe, and

The Druides are occupied about holy things: they haue Ply the gittern, scour the crowd, which means dryed, (subaud. herbs, roots, plants,

the dooing of publicke and priuate sacrifices, and do inter- Let the nimble hand belabour
kc.) When we say any thing is a mere drug, we
prete and discusse matters of religion.

The whistling pipe, and drumbling tabor.
Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. 155.

Drayton. The Muses' Elysium, Nymphal 8.

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DRUG, v. Drug, n.

M. Pord. What, John, Robert, John; go, take vp these A yonge man to be a dronkelewe.-Gower. Con. A. b. vi. And he entride eftsoone into the synagogue & ther musa cloathes heere, quickly: wher's the cowle-staffe ? Looke

man havynge a drie hond, and they aspieden him ir bio how you drumble?

Wake vp ye dronckardes, and wepe : mourne all ye wine- heelide in the Sabutis to accuse him.-Wiclif. Mark, c. 3. Shakespeare. Merry Wiues of Windsor, Act iii. s. 3. suppers, because of youre swete wyne, for it shall be taken away from your mouth.--Bible, an. 1551. Joel, c. 1.

Wherwith they made hem stately fires great He was slaine and all his companie, there being but one

To dry their clothes y!

were wringing weat. man the drumslager left aliue, who by swiftnesse of his Ye shall be droncken, but not with wyne. Ye shall fall,

Chaucer. The Floure and the Leafe. Soote escaped.-Holinshed. Ireland, an. 1580. but not thorowe dronckennesse.-Id. Esaye, c. 29.

The brode river sometime waxeth drey. Item, a collar of good large fat brawn

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 3028. Serv'd for a drum, waited upon by two

Then drinke they all round both men and women: and Fair long black puddings, lying by for drumsticks. sometimes they carowse for the victory very filthily and

Thilke ice, whiche that the horsemen bare

To brake, so that a great partie
Cartwright. The Ordinary, Act ii. sc. 1. drunkenly.--Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 96.

Was dreint of the chiualrie,

The rerewarde it toke aweie, Gape round about me, and yet not find a chapman

And it shal be requisite for such as take that busines in That in courtesy will bid a chop of mutton, hand to bee sobre. For drounkenship is hartlesse, and vncir.

Came none of hem to londe drey.--Gower. Con. A. b. ii. Or a pint of drum-wine for me. cumspecte, and not onelye harteles, but also rashe and

And thus ye see that these three (faith, hope, and chaMassinger. The City Madam, Act iii. sc. 1. temerarious.-U dal. Ephesians, c. 5.

ritie) inseperable in this life haue yet seperable and sondry

offices and effectes, as heat and drith beyng inseparable in That protestation of Catiline, to set on fire and trouble Our stomachs bee neger cloyed with dronkenship or sur

the fyer, haue yet their seperable operations. states, to the end to fish in droumy waters (turbidis aquis.) feiting, as is commanded by our Saviour in Luke.

Tyndall. Works, p. 188. Bacon. Ado. of Learning, b. ii. Fox. Martyrs, p. 1014. How to Fast truly after Scripture.

They (distemperatures] whiche be compounde, are in At the end of this hole is a membrane, fastened to a round bony limb, and stretched like the head of a drum, and,

He that killeth a man when he is drunke shall be hanged compounde or myxte qualities : as heate and moisture, therefore, by anatomists called also tympanum, to receive when he is sober.--Camden. Remains. Prouerbs.

heate and drythe, cold and moyste, colde and drye.

Sir T. Elyot. Castel of Hellh, b. i. the impulse of the sound, and to vibrate or quaver according Still as he rode, he somewhat still did eate, to its reciprocal motions or vibrations.

Th' one faire and fresh, the other old and dride.
And in his hande did bear a bouzing can,
Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4.
Of which he supt so oft, that on his seat
So strains of a peculiar nature being expected from him
His drunken corse he scarce vpholden can,

As one then in a dreame, whose drier braine (Vane] to prevent that, drummers were placed under the In shape and life, more like a monster then a man.

Is tost with troubled sights and fancies weake, scaffold, who as soon as he began to speak of the public,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4. He mumbled soft, but would not all his silence breake.

Id. Ib. b. i. c. l. upon a sign given, struck up with their drums. Burnet, Own Time, an. 1661. Where, in his cups o'ercome with foul excess,

This is another thing likewise to be considered of, that Straight ways he plays a swaggering ruffin's part,

the trees and bushes growing by the streets' sides ; doo not The drum-stick falling upon the drum makes a percussion And at the banquet in his drunkenness,

a little keepe off the force of the sunne in summer for drieng of the air, and puts that fluid body into an undulating mo- Slew his dear friend, my kind and truest heart :

vp the lanes.-Holinshed. Description of Britaine, c. 19. tion.-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 25.

A gentle warning, friends, thus may you see,
What 'tis to keep a drunkard company.

It looks ill, it eats drily, marry 'tis a wither'd peare. He would invite me to the garden by drumming upon my

Drayton, Idea 7.

Shakespeare. All's Well that Ends Well, Act i. sc. 1. knee, and by a look of such expression as it was not possible to misinterpret.-Cowper. Treatment of his Hares.

The soul in all hath one intelligence;
Here it must not be omitted, That the English (who of all
This is a riotous assembly of fashionable people of both
the dwellers in the northern part of the world, were hitherto

Though too much moisture in an infant's brain,

And too much dryness in an old man's sense, sexes, at a private house, consisting of some hundreds ; not

the least drinkers, and deserved praise for their sobriety,) in unaptly styled a drum, from the noise and emptiness of the these Dutch wars learned to be drunkards; and brought

Cannot the prints of outward things retain. entertainment.--Smollet. Advice, a Satyr, Note 7. the vice so far to overspread the kingdom, that laws were

Davies. Immortality of the Soul, s. 22. fain to be enacted for repressing it.

Then he would never suffer those sterilities, but himselt It (the tympanum of the ear) bears an obvious resem

Baker. Elizabeth, an. 1580.

by a cup of sensible devotion would water and refresh those blance to the pelt or head of a drum, from which it takes its

drinesses.Bp. Taylor. Set Forms of Liturgy, s. 60. name.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 3.

An old drunkard loves a tavern, though he cannot go to

it, but as he is supported, and led by another, just as some A hound that runs counter, and yet draws dri-foot well. It resembles also a drum-head in this principal property, are observed to come from thence.-South, vol.ii. Ser. 5.

Shakespeare. Comedy of Errors, Activ. sc. 2, that its use depends upon its tension.-Id. 10.

The dissolution and drunkenness of that night was so

This account is very dry in many parts, only mentioning DRUNK, v. Past part. of drink. Dut. great and scandalous, in a nation which had not been ac

the name of the lover who leaped, the person he leaped for, DRU'NKARD.

and relating in short, that he was either cured, or killed, or Droncken ; Ger. Truncken;

quainted with such disorders for many years past, that the DRUNKEN,

maimed by the fall. ---Spectator, No. 233. Sw. Drucken ; A. S. Drunce,

king, who still stood in need of the Presbyterian party,

which had betrayed all into his hands, for their satisfaction, DRU'XKENLY, druncen, ebrius, inebriatus, te- caused a proclamation to be published, forbidding the drink

In our methods of surgery, nothing is found of such effect

in the case of old ulcers as fire, which is certainly the DRU'NKENNESS. mulentus,—drunke,drunken, ing of healths.-Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 17.

greatest drawer and drier, and thereby the greatest cleanser DRUNKENHEAD. overtaken with drink. DrunIf the object of belief be single, the belief can scarce be

that can be found.-Sir W. Temple. Cure of the Gout. DRUNKENSHIP. cennysse, drunkenness, (Som- double; unless by a drunkenness of the understanding, like

Some on the leaves of ancient authors prey,

that which doubles the objects of sense.

Nor time, nor moths e'er spoil'd so rauch as they : Drenched or soaked with liquid; having drunk

Warburton. Rem. On Hume's Nat. Hist. of Religion. Some drily plain, without invention's aid,

Write dull receipts how poems may be made. or swallowed, (sc.) too much strong, intoxicating

Pope. Essay on Criticism. or inebriating liquor; tipsy, fuddled, intoxicated,

DRY, v. Dut. Drooghen ; Ger. Trocknen;

One hand sustain'd a helm, and one the shield inebriated. Dronkelew, adj. Saxon. Given to

Dry, adj. Sw. Torka; A. S. Drig-an, adrig- Which old Laertes wont in youth to wield, drink,” (Tyrwhitt.)

DRY'ER. an, siccare, tergere, abstergere, Cover'd with dust, with dryness chapt and worn,
DRY'ING. exurere, to dry, to dry up, to wipe

The brass corroded, and the leather torn.
For let a dronken daffe. in a diche falle

DRY'LY. Leet hym lyg.

off or away, to burn up-it. Mar

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xxii.
Piers Plouhman, p. 227.
DRY'NESS. cescere, to wither up, (Somner.)

The fall of the Angels, by P. Floris, 1554; which has some Lo Loth in hus iyue. yorowe lecherous drenke

Drytu. Tooke says, the A. S. Drug-an, is

good parts, but without masses, and dry. Wickedliche wroghte. and wratthede God Almygtye

Sir J. Reynolds. Journey to Flanders and Holland.
In hus dronknesse.
Id. p. 14.

excutere, expellere, and therefore, siccare. See

The poet either drily didactive gives us rules, which might For thei that slepen, slepen in the nyght, and thei that

appear abstruse eren in a system of ethics, or, triflingly

Dry is opposed, (lit.) to wet; as water; any volatile, writes upon the most unworthy subjects. ben drunkun ben drunkun in the nyght.

Wiclif. 1 Tessal. c. 4.
moisture; as juice, sap. Consequentially, to be

Goldsmith. Of the Augustan Åge in England. dry is to be thirsty; also, to be barren, unfruitful, But take ye heede to yoursilf : leste perauenture youre

Whether it proceed from a mere barrenness of thought, hertis be greuid with glotenye and drunkenesse, and bisy- unproductive. (Met.) barren, unfruitful; as a and a native dryness of soul, that he is not able to vary his nesses of this lyf: and thilke day come sodeyn on you. dry style, i. e. barren of ornament, destitute of matter, and to amplify beyond the formal topics of an Id. Luk, c. 21.

analysis, or whether it arise from affectation of such a way feeling ; consequentially, harsh, rigid, severe, un- of talking, is hard to say. Lordings, right thus, as ye han understond, feeling. To dry is

iWatts. Of Instruction by Preaching, pt. ii. c. 6. s. 2. Bare I stifly min old husbondes on hond,

To shake off, drive or drain off, to wipe off; or
That thus thei saiden in hir ironkennesse.

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5963. by any means free from moisture; to parch, to

Dryades or nymphs of the woods; scorch, to wither.

introduced into all European languages; Gr. Lo howe he can the hertis trouble, And maketh men dronke al vpon chance,

To draw dry-foot is when the dog pursues the Apu-udes, from Opvs, an oak. See DRUID. Withoute lawe of gouernance. --Gower. Con. A. b. vi. game by the scent of the foot, for which the

(Eve) like a wood-nymph light bloodhound is famed. See commentators on

Oread or Dryad, or of Delia's traine, There is no lym wyll me serue,

Betook her to the groves, but Delia's self
But as a drunken man I swerue.-Id. Ib.

Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors, quoted below, In gait surpass'd and Goddess-like deport.
and Gifford's B. Jonson, i. 52.

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. ix.
For thei two through her dronkenhede,
Of witles excitacion

When Cheerfulness, a youth of healthiest hue,
Thulke zer was thut somer so druye & so hot,
Oppressed all the nacion

Her bow across her shoulder slung,
of Spayne.
Id. lb.
That zut to this daye of none hattore me not.

Her buskins gemm'd with morning dew,
R. Gloucester, p. 531,

Blew an inspiring air, that dale and thicket rung,
Per chance in suche a dronkenship
I may be dead, er I beware.

The hunters call to fawn and Dryad known.
Id. Ib.

And yf hus hous be unhelede. and ryne in hus bedde
He seketh and seketh, or he slepe drye.

Collins. The Passions. Ode for Nusie For dronkeship in euery place.

Piers Plouhman, p. 337.

When iate the trees were stript by winter pale,
To whether side that it turne

Young Health, a Dryad-maid in vestuie green,
Doth harme and maketh a man to spurne,
And other fel on stoons: and it sprunge up, and driede,

Or like the forests silver-quiver'd queen,
And ofte falle in suche a wise

for it hadde not moisture, (it widdred awaye, because it On airy uplands met the piercing gale. Where he percas maie nouht arise. Id, Ib. lacked moystures.--Bible, 1551.)-Wiclif. Luk, c. 8.

Warton. On Bathing, Son. 2. 622

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