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DUB, n.


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DU'AL. 2 It. Duale;

Lat. Dunlis, from DUB, v. 1 See Due, ante. Fr. Dauber, dober, But this relation having been somewhat dubiously delf. Dua'lity. | duo ; Gr. Avu, two.

s To strike; to emit or send forth

vered to me, I must tell you, that Kelly having an unsettled

mind, left Oxon abruptly, without being entered into the This dualifie after determission, is founden in euery the sound of a stroke or blow, (to dab.)

matricula, and in his rambles in Lancashire, committing mature, be it neuer so single of onhed.


,-see Dab; and the quotation there certain foul matters, lost both his ears at Lancaster. Chaucer. The Testament of Love, b. ii. from Walton.

Wood. Athena Oron.

Let us therefore at present acquiesce in the duhiousness And so conjoyned the unity and dualily of the soul, and

Wherin I meane to tell what race they ronne

of their antiquity, and think the authority of the past and made out the three substances so much considered by him

Who followe drummes before they knowethe dubbe, present times a sufficient plea for your patronizing, and my Plato.;-Brown. Cyrus' Garden, c. 4.

And bragge of Mars before they feele his clubbe.

dedicating, this poem.-Philips. Phe Splendid Shilling, Ded. They absolutely deny, that there can be any more persons

Gascoigne. The Fruits of Warre.

This is done by the Goddess. (Minerva) that she may be in the godhead than only one, and consequently, that a But shall I say? this lesson learne of me,

thought to be really a man, as she appears to be; she speaks duality, or binary number of persons in it, would, in a Soci- When drums are dumb, and sound not dub a dub,

with the dubiousness of a man, not the certainty of a Godnian's account, pass for no less an absurdity, than even a Then be thou eke, as mewt as (is) a mayde

dess.-- Pope. Homer. Odyssey. b. i. Note. trinity itself; the grand article controverted between us and

(I preach this sermon but to souldiours) them.-South, vol. iv. Ser, 7.

I very readily adrnit of your excuse in regard to SemproAnd learn to liue, within thy bravries bounds.

nius, well knowing that your conduct upon that occasion

Id. The Steele Glas.
Pythagoras talked, it is said, of an immaterial unity, and

may jus:ly be imputed :o those errors to which we were all a material dunlity, by which he pretended to signify, per- For as the smith with hammour beats

equally liable, whilst we trod the dark and dubious paths of haps, the first principles of all things, the efficient and ma- His forged mettall, so

bondage.--Melmoth, Cicero, b. xiii. Let. 23. terial causes.-Bolingbroke. Human Reason, Ess. 2.

He dubs his club about their pates

But yet this bright and luminous truth, this judgment

And sleas them on a row.
All primitive and uncompounded languages seem to have

of nature, was clouded by such a multitude of superstitious

Warner. Albion's England, b. ii. c. 7. notions that it appeared dubiously.
a dwl as well as plural, number. This is the case of the
Greek, and I am told of the Hebrew, of the Gothic, and of

Bolingbroke, Ess. 3. On Monotheism.

But say, Sir Huon, many other languages.-A. Smith. Formation of Languages.

Now the druns dubhs, and the sticks turn'd bed-staves,

It seems almost a self evident proposition that there must

be assurance where there is no doubt: but dubitation in the Between (formerly written twene, atwene, bytwene,) is a

All the old foxes hunted to their holes,

nature of it implies an assent to something, if not to the dual preposition, to which the Greek, Latin, Italian, French, What trade do you mean to follow ? &c. have no word correspondent; and is almost peculiar to

Beaum. & Fletch. The Mad Lover, Act i. sc. 1.

thing doubted of, at least to the reasons occurring for and

against it: for if you see none on either side, what can you ourselves, as some languages have a peculiar duai number.

doubt about?-Search. Light of Nature, vol. i. pt. i. c. 2. Tooke. Diversions of Purley, vol. i. c. 9.

As skilful coopers hoop their tubs
With Lydian, and with Phrygian dubs.

DU'CAT.) Fr. Ducat; It. Ducato, duca-
DUB, v.
“ And dubbade his sunı Henrie to

Hudibras, pt. ii. c. 1.
Ducato'ox. tone ; Sp. Ducado.

Ducale nuo
ridere there." And dubbed his son Henry a knight

See Duke.

A ducal coin. there, (Sar. Chron. an. 1086.) Junius ;--from

Lat. Dubius, dubitare, (q.) misma.

DUBIOUSLY. duitare, (i.) in duo itare. (See As fine as a ducket in Venise, the A. S. Dypp-an, to dip, baptizare, to confer a

DU'BIOUSNESS. To Doubt.) Dubious is equi

Of which to lite all in my pouche is.
new name as if by baptism. Hickes thinks the

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iil.
A.S. Dubb-an, creare equitem, to create a knight,

valent to the Fr. Doubteur ;

DU'BiTABLE. • Doubtful, uncertain, in There were in the sayd ship fifty-five thousand ducates in (Gram. A. S. p. 151,) is borrowed from the

Islandic, dubba, (generally) to strike :--but Ihre

suspence: also, variable, in- redy money of the Spanish king's gold, which the souldiers

merily shared among themselves.

says, that he has nowhere found that word used, ambiguous, perplexed, subject to cavilling or ex-

constant, staggering ; also

farkluyt. L'oyages, vol. i. p. 598. unless specially,—gladio nudato equitem creandum

There was one that was very curious in keeping of his

beard, and it was reported that hee bestowed euery maneth perstringere ; and agrees in opinion with those ception, whereof a question may be made, a conwho think it sprung from the Low Lat. Adobare, troversie raised, or divers senses gathered,” | two dukats upon the trimming of it. If it be so (said Poole)

his beard will shortly be more worth than his head. which, with Du Cange, he takes from the Lat. (Cotgrave.)

Camden. Remaines. Wise Speeches.
Adoptare : giving as his reason, that the ceremony

T other day for six ducatoons she was willing,
This saiyng litel or nothyng pleased the Duke of Bur-

Which I thought a great deal too rear.
of adoption was performed by a stroke or blow of goyne's messengers, for they thought that it had bene much

Cotton. Epigramme De Monsieur Des Portcs. a sword; that the rank of knight was afterwards more profitable to Kyng Edward, to haue circumspectly

forsene afore, and prouided to stoppe his landyng, then now
conferred by a similar ceremony; and that the sodainly to abide the fortune of battaile, which is euer du- stivers, or sixty-three stivers.

A ducatoon formerly passed at three guiiders, and three individual himself was called Miles Adobatus. The bious and vncertayne.-llall. Edw. IV. an. 9.

Locke. Considerations of the Lowering of Interest. editor of Menage accords with Hickes, and adus in confirmation, that the old Fr. Dauber vel dober baue turned it into a dowtfull dubitacion. And as for the trewe inuocacion of God thorow Cryst, thei

Upon engaging to pay an annual tribute of twelve thousand

ducats, and to deliver every year six hundred Christian capsignifies, percutere, to strike, (to dab.) Hickes

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 12. tives, or in case there being none to release an equal number remarks, that, before the introduction by the

of Moors, the Moors at last obtained a peace or rather a Normans of creating knights by dubbing (per stir up ingenuous dubinsities unto experiment, and by an

These relations leaving unsatisfaction in the hearers, do truce.-Swinburne. Spain, Let. 20. dubbationem), the ceremony was by consecration; exploration of all, prevent delusion in any.

DUCK, v. Dut. Duyken, ducken ; Ger. (sc.) by absolution after confession, by vigils,

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vii. c. 18.

DUCK, n. Ducken; Sw. Dyka, urinari, masses, &c. To dubb is, consequentially

Du'cker. immergere ; which Ihre thinks
To confor a new name or title.
Since those ordinary means of expounding Scripture, as

searching the originals, conference of places, parity of rea-

is the frequentative from the son, and analogie of faith, are all dubious, uncertain, and DU'CKLING, N. & an abbot oí Scone, that dubbid the kyng.

A. S. Duf-ian, to dive. very fallible, he that is the wisest and by consequence the To dip, dive or sink; to drop, to plunge, to R. Brunne, p. 331. likeliest to expound truest in all probability of reason, will

immerse. He lokede

be very far from confidence.
As is the kynde of a knyght. that cometh to be doubed

Bp. Taylor. The Liberty of Prophesying, s. 4. Applied by our older writers to the cringing or
To geten hus gilte spores.
Piers Plouhman, p. 339.

bowing of hypocrites or sycophants.
For first, Albertus Magnus speaks dubiously, confessing To make ducks and drakes upon the water, is to
Certes, the swerd that men yeven first to a knight whan he could not confirm ;
bien is newe dubbed, signifieth, that he shula defend holy plainly afirmeth. There can be such inequality lin the throw any thing so as to imitate the motion of
chirche, and not robbe it ne pille it: and who so doth is
traitour to Crist.-Chaucer. Persones Tale.
badger's legs] observed.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. e. 5. those birds upon the water; to play at duck and

drake with money, is to throw it away as boys (for And when any man is made a knight, he kneeling down, Whatsoever is not of faith, is sin; and therefore the

such purpose) throw stones or other things upon is streoken of the prince, with his sword naked, upon the ground of invocation of saints or angels being at least dubi

the water; to squander it, spend it wastefully, back or shoulder, the prince saying. sus or sois chenalier au

table, their invocation is sin. nom de Dien, and (in times past) they added St. George, and

More. Antidote against Idolatry, p. 25. uselessly.
at his arising the prince saith Avancey. This is the manner

Then shal thou swim as mery, I undertake,
of dubbing of knights at thys present: and that terme dub-
Only our stupid, undisciplin'd, absurd, illogicall hearts

As doth the white doke aftir her drake.
bing, was the old terme in this point, and not creation.
have the skill to avoid it, running headlong and wilfully

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3576.
Smith, Commonwealth, b. i. c. 18.

after the old impurities, even then when they are most fully

without all dubitaney resolved, that all the joys of heaven Master William Antony the master of the ship himselfo There him he caused to kneele, and made to sweare, Faith to his knight, and truth to ladies all ; are forfeited by this choice.

(when none else wonld or durst) ventured with danger of

Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 505. drowning by creeping aiong upon the maine yarde (which And neuer to be recreant, for feare

was let downe close to the rails) to gather it vp out of the of perill, or of ought that might befall; Whereas the right use of reason is, to make things doubt

sea, and to sasten it thereto, being in the mean while oftSo he him dubbed, and his knight did call. full-certaine; and not to call things certaine, into doubt.

times ducked ouer head and eares into the sea. Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. vi. c. 2. Wherefore I report as deficient a calendar of dubitations, or

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 164.
But he that temper'd thee, bad thee stand yp,

problemes in nature, and approve the undertaking of such a
Gaue thee no instance why thou shouldst do treason,
worke, as a profitable pains,

He walketh vp & downe all day musing and imagining
Vnlesse to dub thee with the name of traitor.
Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. viii. c. 4. mischief, a douking hypocrite made to dissemble.

Tyndall, Works, p. 374.
Shakespeare. Hen. V. Act ii. sc. 2.
But are these men (who have thus dubbed themselves
But another hypothesis there is in Saint Austin, to which

With their countenaunces framed to a grauitie, thei are true Protestants) in good earnest such mortal enemies to

without dubitation he does peremptorily adhere, which I
before intimated, viz. that although he admit of purgatory

oftē and much present in the high stretes, & in places of
Dobery and the popish interest, as they pretend themselves pains after this life, yet none but such as shall be at the day
to be!-South, vol. vi. Ser. I.

great resort of people. to the intente thei maie there bauo of judgment.--Bp. Taylor. Dissuas. from Popery, pt. ii. b. ii.

much crouching and doucking made vnto them.

Udal. Luke, c. 20.
Should he succeed, you'll give him his degree ;
If not, within he will receive no fec!
Thither to haste, the region to explore,

The wanton maydens him espying, stood
The college, you, must his pretensions back,
Was first my thought: but, speeding back to shore,

Gazing awhile at his vnwonted guise ;
Pronounce him regular, or dub him quack.
I deem'd it best to visit first my crew,

Then th' one herselfe lowe ducked in the flood,
And send out spies the dubious coast to view.

Abasht that her a stranger did avise.
Garrick. Prologue. She Stoops to Conguet

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. x.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. II. c. 12.

It la sald, that then holding divers books in his hand, he Yet, by the but meanly wise and common duclions of be- I fear no censure, nor what thou can st say, did never let them go, but kept them always upon his head misted nature, it would have been no very powerful oratory, Nor shall my spirit one jot of vigour lose ; above water, and swam with his other hand, notwithstand- to perswade the taking up of our cross to follow him.

Think'st thou my spirit shall keep the packhorse way, ing that they shot marvellously at him, and he was driven

Feltham, pt. ii. Resolve 66. That every dudgen low invention goes. sometimes to duck into the water.-North. Plutarch, p. 609.

Drayton, Idet: 8).
The ductile wax with busy hands I mould,

I see thee still:
Play at duck and drake with my money.
And cleft in fragments, and the fragments rollid:

And on thy blade, and dudgeon, gouts of blood;
Beaum, & Fletch. The Chances, Act iv. sc. 2. Th' aerial region now grown warm with day,

Which was not so before.-There's no such thing:
Pre'thee goe in (my duck) I'le but speak to 'em
The wax dissolv'd beneath the burning ray.

It is the bloody businesse, which informes

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xii. Thus to mine eyes. Shakespeare. Macbelh, Act ii. sc. 1 And return instantly.-Id. Spanish Curate, Act ii. sc. 2.

- I fear The duck and mallard first, the falconers only sport, But interest, and design, are a kind of force upon the

This peace will make me something that I love not ; (of river-tights the chief, so that all other sort, soul, bearing a man oftentimes besides the ducture of his

For by my troth, though I am plain and dudgeon, They only green-fowl term) in eyem mere abound, native propensities, and the first outgoings of his will.

I would not be an ass: and to sell parcels, That you wouid think they sat upon the very ground.

South, vol. viii. Ser. 1.

I can as soon be hang'd.
Drzytor. Poly-Olbion, s. 25.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Captain, Act ii. sc. I.
And now, let any one judge whether it is fitter for us to
Nu, dainty duckers,

steer our practice according to the ducture of the universal Here hee is ! and with him-what? a clapper Up with your three pil'd spirits, your wrought valours. church, or the broken voice of a particular faction, compared Dudgeon! Beaum. Fletch. Philaster, Act iv, sc. 1. to that, both small in number, and inconsiderable in quali- That's a good signe; to haue the beggar follow him, fication.-Id. Ib. vol. ix. Ser. 5.

So neere at his first entry into foulune. For my kneeling down at my entrance, to begin with

B. Jonson. Stap of Newes, Act ii. &c. 4. prayer, and after to proceed with reverence, I did but my duty in that; let nim scoffingly call it cringing or ducking; reservoir to the blood, viz. the thoracic duct, being fixed in Fourthly, the main pipe, which carries the chyle from the

They'l quarrel sooner for precedence here, or what he pleases.--State Triais. Abp. Laud, an. 1640.

And take it in more dudgeon to be slighted, an almost upright position, and wanting that advantage of

Than they will in publique meetings, 'tis their natures. If he be not fain before he dies to eat acorns, let me live propulsion which the arteries possess, is furnished with a

Beaum. $ Fletch. Wild Goose Chace, Act ii, sc. 1. succession of valves to check the ascending fluid, when with nothing but pollerd, and my mouth be made a duckingonce it has passed them, from falling back.

There's ne'r a one of these, the worst and weakest, stool for every scold to set her tail on.

Paley. Natural Theology, c. 10. (Chuse where you will) but dare attempt the raising,
Wilkins. The Inforced Marriage, Act iii.

Against the sovereign peace of Puritans,
I must have my capons

Nor do I doubt the ability of Shakspeare to have continued A may-pole and a morris, maugre mainly
And turkey's brought me in, with my green geese,

his [Mercutio's] existence, though some of his sallies are Their zeal, and dudgeon-daggers. And ducklings i'th' season. perhaps out of the reach of Dryden; whose genius was not

Id. The Woman's Prize, Act v. sc. 1. Beaum. & Fletch. The Beggars' Bush, Act i. sc. 2. very fertile of merriment, nor duclile to humour, but acute,

When civil dudgeon first grew high, argumentative, comprehensive, and sublime.

And men fell out they knew not why; Yet, ere the armies join'd, that hopeful ell,

Johnson. Observations on Shakspeare's Plays.

When hard words, jealousies and fears, Thy dear, thy dainty duckling, bold Mathias

Set folks together by the ears.-Hudibras, pt. i. c. 1. Advanced, and stared like Hercules or Golias.

There is not yet such a convenient ductility in the human
Masainger. The Picture, Act ii. sc. 1.

understanding, as to make us capable of being persuaded, He is even ready to fear that divines should take his

that men can possibly mean the ultimate good of the whole honest freedom in dudgeon ; and that it may possibly procure This was now discovered to have been the blood of a duck, society, by rendering miserable for a century together the him in return, some ecclesiastical Billinsgate ; to be called which they renewed every week; and the one side of the greater part of it.-Burke. Tracls on the Popery Laws. infidel, deist, and perhaps atheist. vial was so thick that there was no seeing through it, but

Warburton. View of Bolingbroke's Philosophy, Let. 1. the other was clear and transparent; and it was so placed near the altar, that one in a secret place behind could turn

DU'DDER, to dodder, (qv.) To tremble, to

DUE, n.

It. Dovuto; Sp. Debido ; either side of it outward. totter.

Duf, adj. Fr. Deu, from devoir or debBurnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1538.


voir ; Lat. Deb-ere ; from de, 'Tis woundy cold sure. I dudder and shake like an aspen So have I seen, within a pen, leaf every joint of me.

DU'EFULLY. and habere, quasi de alio habYoung ducklings foster'd by a hen;

Ford. The Witch of Edmonton, Act ii. sc. 1. DU'ENESS. ere, to have of or from ano. But, when let out, they run and muddle, As instinct leads them, in a puddle.


ther. (See Debt and Owe.) Swifi. The Progress of Marriage.

DU'DGEON, n. Skinner says, from Ger. Duteous. Due, n. (as Debt) is

DU'DGEON, adj. Dolch, pugio, (q.d.) Dol. Du'teousness. Any thing had or held of A giantess she seems; but, look behind,

Du'dGEON-DAGGER. chin or Dolkin; or from And then she dwindles to the pigmy kind.

DU'TIFUL. or from another ; his property Duck-legg'd, short-waisted. -Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. 6.

Ger. Deagen, degen, gladius, a sword. Junius, DUTIFULLY. or right of property ; that

Dudgeon haft; manubrium apiatum ;“which means DUTIFULNESS. which is owed, which any one At length, on the 18th of September, we crossed the line

a handle of wood with a grain rough, as if seeds ought to have ; has a right demand, claim or ducking, &c. generally practised on this occasion was not of parsley were strown over it,” (Steevens.) possess ; which any one deserves, or has earned omitted.-Cook. Voyage, vol. iii, b. ii. c. 1.

Wilkins (noticed by Mr. Nares) says, Dudgeon, by service. The man who can see without pleasure a hen gather her

-indignation. Root of Box. Dudgeon-dagger,- Due, adj. as the French, is, consequentially, chickens under her wing, or the train of ducklings follow short sword, whose handle is of the root of box.”

"just, fit, right, apt, seasonable, convenient," their parent into the pond, is like him who has no music in Gascoigne in his General Advertisement,

“ The (Cotgrave.) his soul, and who, according to Shakspeare, is fit for trea

most knottie peece of box may be wrought into a sons, murders, and every thing that can disgrace and de

Duty and right are reciprocal : if one has the grade humanity.-Knox, Ess. 158.

faire dudgen hefte.”. Dudgeon is applied to the right to command, it is the duty of another to

haft or handle of a dagger or knife, to distinguish obey. DUCT, n. Fr. Ductile ; Lat. Duc-ere, it from those which might have more costly hasts

Duetee, n. Fr. duty : what is due to any one,” Du'ctible. to draw; Ductilis, (contracted or handles ; and thus Mr. Gifford thinks it became (Tyrwhitt.) DICTILE. from Ductibilis,) that may be a term of contempt, and from a simple characterDuctility. drawn. Consequentially, Duc- istic of poverty to be frequently employed in de

The kyng hem vayre vndervong, and honoured in ech

wyse, DU'CIILENESS. tile is

noting the meaner passions. Dudgeon, (lit.) he An gret deuyte tolde of hem, vor her gentryse. DU'CTIONS. Easy to be drawn; easy to interprets, wooden. “I am plain and dudgeon," in

R. Gloucester, p. 316. DuCTURE. be turned or bent; tractable, Beaum. & Fletch.—coarse, rude. “A clapper dud. And that is no mede. bote amercede flexible, pliable ; easy to be induced, complying, geon," in B. Jonson-one who claps his wooden dish

A maner diwe dette. for the doynge.

Piers Plouhman, p. 53. yielding. at the door for broken meat, &c. (See Gifford's

This wretched worldes transmutation For. (as Mr. Cowper saith) if we consider in this duct (the the Variorum Shakespeare, (1821) Macbeth, Act ii.

B. Jonson, vol. v. p. 96. Nares's Glossary, and As weale & wo, now poore and now honour, thoracic duct) its several divisions and inosculations, its

Without order or due discrecion numerous valves looking from below upwards, its advan- sc. I, Note 5.) Mr. Gifford is undoubtedly right

Gouerned is by fortune's errour. tageous situation between the great artery and vertebræ of with respect to the consequential usages of the

Chaucer. Balade of the Village. the back, together with the ducts discharging their refluent word; but that it neither means wooden nor root

Than it is wisdom, as it thinketh me, lympha from the lungs and other neighbouring parts, we

To maken vertue of necessite, shall find all conduce to demonstrate the utmost art of na- of box is plain from Holland. The word may be

And take it wel, that we may not eschewe, ture used in furthering the steep and perpendicular ascent applied as an epithet to the box or any other And namely that to us all is dewe. of the chyle.- Deihom. Phys.-Theol. b. iv. c. 11. Note (50.) wood, to express some particular quality, and it

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 3046. It (iron) is the most impure of all metals, hardly meltable is not improbable that such quality is strength, But craftily encourage her thereto (but with additaments :) yea malleable and ductible with Dut. Dooghen ; A. S. Dug-an, to be strong,

By other meanes, as by conimending difficulty.–Fuller. Worthi's. Shropshire,

And not to much, but duely mending (whence our Doughty ; which is also now used, as

Both praise and blame.-Id. The Remedie of Lore. She gilded us, but you are gold; and she

Dudgeon is, contemptuously ;) and thus what
Inforned us, but transubstantiates you ;

If holy church after the dule
Gascoigne calls “ the most knottie peece of box”
Soft dispositions, which ductile be,

of Christ's word ne be not all anised
Elixir like, she makes not clean, but new.
might with propriety be named dudgeon.

To make peace, accord, and vnite, &c.
Donne. To the Countess of Huntingdon. Dudgeon is applied, consequentially, to-

Id. A Balade to King Hen. IV.
Stubbornness, sullenness, quarrelsomeness ;

And right as Judas hadde purses smale 1, when I value gold, may think upon The ductilness, the application, offence, ill-will.

And was a theel, right swiche a theef was he, The wholesomeness, the ingenuity,

His master hadde but half his dueiee.

1 From rust, from soil, from fire ever free.-Id. Elegy 14. Now for the box-tree, the wood thereof is in as great re

Id. The Freres Tale, 1.6534 quest as the very best : seldome hath it any graine crisped

And euery gouernance is due Goid is remarkable for its admirable ductility and pon- damaske wise, and never but about the root, (raro crispanti, To pitee, thus I maie argue, darosity, wherein it excels all other bodies hitherto known. nec nisi radice) the which is dudgin and full of worke. That pitee is the foundeinente Ray. On the Creation, pt. i. |

Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 16. Or euery kynges regimente.--Gower. Con. A. b. VI.


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For but a man's wit be swerued,

Hereby (by teinperance and moderation] it comes to pass, Thirdly, his majesty's said attorney-general did, by many Wlan kynde is duliche serued,

that our senses, which are the instruments of our pleasures, reasons which he brought and alledged, free the law of It ought of reson to suffise.--Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

are always preserved in that due purity and quickness, that England from certain vain and childish exceptions, which

is absolutely necessary for the right performing of their
I not howe that thei shall amende

are taken by these duellists.
offices, and the rendering our perceptions of auy thing grate-
The woful world in other thinges

State Trials. Case of Duels, an. 1615
ful and agreeable.--Sharpe, vol, i. Ser. 1.
To make peace betwene kynges

This being well forc'd, and urg'd, may have the power
After the lawe of charitee
Which is the propre dewtee
Could there be greater liberty than for their whole nation

To move inost gallunts to take kicks in time,
Belonged vnto the priesthood.-Id. Ib. Prologus.
to be preserved from all the designs of their enemies, to

And spurn out the dueiloes out o'th' kingdom.
enjoy their own laws, and matters of justice to be duly ad- Beaum. & Fletch. Passionate Madman, Act iii. sc. I.
And for the honour of the indictment and manifesting the ministered amongst them? and had they not all these under

If the business be not decided by this, or that If his due of their proceedings, Mr. Secretary desired their judg- the government of Moses ?--Stillingfieet, vol. i. Ser. 7.

majesty is pleased to admit torture before a duel-trial, the ments.--Stale Trials. Sir Christ. Blunt, an. 1600.

A seat, soft spread with furry spoils, prepare ;

pannel is ready with him to bear out the torture, and to be To this obiection I answere, that if God of his mercy and Duc-distant, for us both to speak and hear.

tried thereby, with the said Lord Rea, and let the truth then thorough the bloud of his sonne Jesus haue not remitted

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xix. appear.--Slate Trials. Lord Uchiltrie, an. 1631. ye payne due vnto that crime, then shall we all be damned :

The practical duties, which the Christian religion enjoyns, He must at length, poor man! die dully of old age at for the payne due vnto euery disobedience that is against God, is eternal damnation.-Frith. Workes, p. Il.

are all such as are most agreeable to our natural notions of home; when here he might so fashionably and gentilely,

God, and most perfective of the nature, and conducive to the long before that time, have been duell'd or flux'd into And if it (lyberalytye) be well and duely employed, it happiness and well-being of man.

another world.-South, vol. ii. Ser. 6. acquireth perpetualle honour to the gyuer, and moche frute

Clarke. On the Evidences, Prop. 10.
and syngular cominoditie therby encreaseth.

And therefore this duelling practice (what thoughts soever
Sir T. Elyot. Governovr, b. ii. c, 10.
A female softness, with a manly mind :

some may have of it) proceeds not from any sense of honour, A daughter duteous, and a sister kind:

but is really and truly a direct defiance and reproach to the Let us heare the end of all; feare God and kepe his com- In sickness patient, and in death resign'd.

laws and justice of a government; as if they could not, or mandments : for this is the whole (dulie) of man. For God

Dryden. On a Lady who died at Bath.

would not, protect a man in the dearest concern he has in wil bring euerie worke vnto iudgement, with eurie secret

the world, which is his reputation and good name; but left thing, whether it be good or euil.

This benevolence was presented to the queen in a very

every slandered person to carve out his own satisfaction, Geneua Bible, 1561. Eccles. xii. 13, 14. humble and dutiful manner in writing, bearing date the

and so to make himself both judge in his own cause and same fourth day of March by the archbishop, and signed with

executioner too.-Id. vol. vi, Ser. 3.
But death for an errour of such kind, in terms and words

his seal.--Strype. Life of Abp. Whitgift, b. i. c. 17.
not altogether dutiful of certain bishops, cannot be but ex-
treme cruelty. ---Stale Trials. John Udal, an. 1590.
He calls them likewise oeßouevos, worshippers ; such who

A duel, called by the Greeks novou axıa, and by the Latins deliberately resolving and foresceing what ought to be done,

duellum, receiving its denomination from the persons enI will for ever hereafter forsake all such undutiful and perform it with all dutifulness and diligence.

gaged in it, is properly a fight or combat between two dangerous courses, and demean myself dutifully and peace- Id. Life of Sir John Cheeke. A Discourse of Superstition.

persons, mutually undertook, appointed, and consepted to ably to all authorities both civil and ecclesiastical, established

by each of them.-Id. vol. x. Ser. 7. in this realm.-Id. Ib.

It [religion) consists in that love to God, as a being per

I suppose I need not take any pains to prove the unlaw. You think more libertie in wilfulness, than wisdome in fectly holy in himself and good to us; and that dutifulness

fulness, nay, the sottishness of such duellings, where men to him, as the author and ruler of the universe; which en

sold their lives for a grown or an angel; and by a preposter. dutifulnesse, and so run headlong, not to the mischief of

gage men to seek his favour by imitating his nature and other, but to the destruction of your selues.

ous way of labouring, not to get their living, but to procure
Sir John Cheeke. The Hurt of Sedition.
obeying his laws.--Secker, vol. ii. Ser. 23.

their death.-Id. Ib.
To praise Achilles, or the Trojan crew,
If he sets sacrifice in competition with mercy, as the Jews

Oh, how I hate, abominate, detest and abhor, those perdid, when, under the pretence of rich offerings to the tem- petual talkers, disputants, controverters and duellers of the Show'd little art, for praise was but their due.

ple, they defrauded their parents in their old age of the sup- tongue.-Dryden. An Evening's Love, Act iii. Suckling. An Answer to Verses made in his Praise.

port which was their due.-Bp. Horsley, vol. ii. Ser. 22. Every third word a lye, duer pay'd to the hearer then the

You may also see the hope and support of many a flourish

If his spear prevail,
Turkes tribute.—Shakespeare. 2 Pl. Hen. IV. Act iii. sc. 2.

ing family untimely cut off by a sword of a drunken dueller, And I fall under him, he shall account

in vindication of something that he miscalls his honour. But thee, O Jove, no equall judge I deeme My spoils his own, and bear them to the fleet :

South, vol. vi. Ser. 3.
Or my desert, or of my dewfull right;

But he shall yield my body to receive
That in thine owne behalfe maist partiall seeme.
Its due funereal rites from Trojan hands.

Him his cotemporary Theseus succeeded in the bear-
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vii. c. 6.

Couper. Homer. Iliad, b. vii.

garden, which honour he held for many years: this grand

duellist went to hell, and was the only one of that sort that To whom in sort, as he at first begonne, As the will of God is our rule; to enquire what is our

ever came back again.-Tatler, No. 3i.
He daily did apply himselfe to donne

duty, or what we are obliged to do, in any instance, is, in
All dewfull seruice, void of thoughts impure.
effect, to enquire what is the will of God in that instance ?

Nothing surely can be more absurd and barbarous than
Id. Ib. b. vi. c. 10.

which consequently becomes the whole business of morality: the practice of duelling, but those who justify it say that it Yet did those two themselves so brauely beare,

Paley. Moral Philosophy, b. ii. c. 4.

begets civility and good manners.Hume. 4 Dialogue. That th' other little gained by the lone,

I advised him to persevere in dutifully bearing with his
But with their owne repayed duely were,
mother's ill humour, till time and her own good sense should

A duellist, you may observe, always values himself upon
And vsury withall.
Id. Ib. b. iv. c. 9. disentangle her from the web which ministerial cunning had

his courage, his sense of honour, his fidelity, and friendship;
Now then, when God had dissolved that dueness, that
thrown around her.---Anecdotes of Bp. Watson, vol. i. p. 367.

qualities which are here, indeed, very oddly directed, but

which have been esteemed universally since the foundation debt, (as I may call it,) that obligation, which according to the law of nature, in a way of meetness and comeliness it

DU'EL, v.

Fr. Duel; It. and Sp. Duello ; of the world.-Id. 16. was fit for God as a creator, to deal with a creature, there is

DU'EL, n. Lat. Duellum ; so called a duo

DUE'NNA. Sp. from Lat. Domina. Formerly now room for grace.-Goodwin. Works, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 199. DU'ELLER. bus, from two, whence it seems So that this dueness imports only what it became God to

Du'elling, n. properly to be monomachia, or any widow lady, or mistress of a family; now it is do, and was worthy of him, in such or such a case; as he

DU'ELLIST. single combat: quoque est inter generally taken for a sort of ancient widows they useth the word, Hebrews, ii. 10. for it became him, &c.

DUE'LLOE. duas, urbes gentes et partes,

keep in all great houses in Spain for grandeur, Id. Works, vol. ii. pt. iii. p. 21.

and not for any service they do, (Delpino.)
DU'EL-TRIAL. (Vossius.)
They both attone
Did dewly to their lady, as became.
See the third quotation from South.

How could I know so little of myself when I sent my

duenna to forbid your coming more under my lattice. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 9. If death be not more formidable to you than hell, you are

Slerne. Tristram Shandy. Slawkenbergius's Tale. Thus spake the kinde and prudent Astragon,

fit for a reserve, or forlorne hope, for the cannon's mouth, And much their kinde impatience he appeas'd,

for cuiraisiers, for fiends to duel with. For of his griefs (which heavier than their owne

Hammond. Works vol. iv. p. 522.

DUG. Lye thinks the origin of this word must Were born by both) their dutious fears are eas'd.

be sought in the Isl. Degg-ia, which he interprets
Davenant. Gondibert, b. iii. c. 2.
Who, single combatant,

lac prebere, to give or yield milk : and thus to
Duell'd their armies rankt in proud array,
You yet may, lady,
Himself an ariny, now unequal match

In recompense of all my duteous service,
To save himself against a coward arm'd

That which yields milk ; the teat, the nipple :
(Provided that your will answer your power,)
Become my creditress.

At one spear's length.-Hilton. Samson Agonistes. or may it not be that which is tug-ged; which the Massinger. The Fatal Dowry, Act iii. sc. 1.

And this vast man, besides his wondrous might, sucking young tug ?

No man as he so skilful is in fight;
Il piety goes before, whatever duliousness or observance
comes afterwards, it cannot easily be amiss.

Expert in all to duels that belong,

A harte there was of comely portes and huge with hornes Train'd up in arms, whilst yet he was but young.

yspred, Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 5.

Drayton. David & Goliah. Whom Tirrhus children (from the dug withdrawen) for By this meanes the multitude of the poor needy people

pleasure bred.-Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. vii. (and all such rabble as had nothing to lose, and had less

Looking down from the pinnacle of the temple, into the

houses, streets, highways, and fields of the world; where I She wildly breaketh from their strict embrace,
regard of honesty before their eyes) came to be of greater
force (because their voyces were numbred by the pole) then

find death acting in so many and so divers postures; me- Like a milch doe, whose swelling duge do ache,

thinks there's no one whereby the prince of darkness Hasting to feed her fawn hid in some brake.
the noble honest citizens, whose persons and purse did duti- triumphs more over our humane nature, then (this wherein
fully serve the commonwealth in their wars.

Shakespeare. Venus f Adonis.
he imploys our courage, even the vertue of our nature to
North. Plutarch, p. 195. destroy it seld by the desperate practice of duels.

Nor will I praise my cattle; trust not me,
But now the best way to redeem this lost privilege (for

Mountague. Deroule Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 11. s. 2. But judge yourself, and pass your own decree:

Behold their swelling dug8; the sweepy weight which we may giue those thanks only) is to give all oppor- Agreeable to which is our style of duellers, challenging to Of ewes, that sink beneath the milky freight. tune appearance of obedience and dutifulness to his m jesty's the field.-- Hammond. M'orks, vol. iv. p. 29.

Garth. Ovid. Met. b. xiv. command.--Stale Trials. John Hampden, Esq. an. 1661. Rather than offend them (as he expresses it,) rather than

I have character'd this spirit of duelling as ugly and de- Meanwhile this hireling wretch (disgrace to swains !) do a thing that might encourage others to refuse the pay

form'd as I could: and surely it is not an improper figure, Defrauds his master, and purloins his gains, ment of their dues, he orders St. Peter to lay down the fouler in that shape then in any other.

in this design of death I have in hand; because death is Milks twice an hour, and drains the famish'd dame, inoney they demanded. --Sharpe, vol. v. Ser. 2.

Whose empty dugs in vain attract the lambs.
Mountague. Devoule Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 11. s. 3.

Beattie, Past. 3. 625

4 L


Fr. Duc; It. Duca; Sp.

The titles of counts and dukes have obtained in modern Licymnia's duleet voice, her eye
DU'KEDOM. Duque.

Fr. Duchesse ; it. languages so very different a sense, that the use of them may Bright-darting its resplendent ray. DUKELING, N.

occasion some surprize. But it should be recollected, that Her breast, where love and friendship lie Duchessa; Sp. Duquesa ; from the second of those appellations is only a corruption of the The Muse commands me sing in softer lay. Du'KESHIP. the Lat. Dur, from duc-ere to Latin word, which was indiscriminately applied to any

Francis. Horace, b. il. Ode 13, DU'CAL. lead. 1 military chief. All these provincial generals were, therefore,

In the former of these cases the medicine may be danger. Du'cuess. A leader: now a mere title dukes.Gibbon. The Roman Empire, c. 17.

ous, unless it be, after the solution or corrosion ended, exDu'chery. of rank.

In this sense it is distinguished into four quarters, into quisitely dulcified from all remainder of the corrosive salt. Du'chy.

Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 375,
See the quotation from empires, kingdoms, states, commonwealths, principalities,

dukedoms, provinces, &c.
Watts. Geography & Astronomy, 6. 12.

Fair water must be so often poured, till you have dulcifiea “Lord Angelo dukes it well;" i. e. acts the part,

the matter therein contained, the sign of which dulcification performs the duties of the duke.

'Tis virtue can alone impart

is (you know) when the water that has passed through it, The patent of a ducal heart:

comes from it as tasteless as it was poured upon it. An hey duk of al that stude, he clepede that town ywys Unless this herald speaks him great,

Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 783.
Aftur ys name Gloucestre, as he gut y clepud ys.
What shall avail the glare of state.

Yet will I view he still, however coy,
R. Gloucester, p. 67.

Cotton. Visions. Content, Vis. 4.

In dreams poetic; see her to the sound
Aibrik was his fadir, a duke of faire fame,
But now grown desp'rate, and beyond all hope.

Of duicet symphonies harmonious lead
Lord of Wicombe, of Redynges, and of Tame.
I curse the ball, the dulchess, and the pope.

Her sportive sister-graces, Mirth serene,
R. Brunne, p. 14.
Cambridge. Elegy vrillen in an empty Assembly Room.

And Peace, sweet inmate of the sylvan shade.

Writehead. To the Nymph of Bristol Spring. A voys aloud seyde The lord of myght and of man. that made all thynges

The interest of the Duke of Cornwall has given occasion They to the dome where smoke, with curling play, Duke of this dymme place, anon undo the gates to a regulation nearly of the same kind in that ancient

Announc'd the dinner to the regions round, That Crist mowe comen in the kynges sone of hevene. duchy.--Smith, Wealth of Nations, b. ii. c. 11.

Summond the singer blithe, and harper gay,
And with that breth hell brake. -Piers Plouhman, p. 358.

And aided wine with dulcet-streaming sound.
DULCE, v. Lat. Dulcis, quia delicit,

Johnson. Parody of a Translation, Ich am hus dure douheter. duchesse of hevene.--Id. p. 25.

Dulce, adj. id est, delectat. It was first
A kingdom oth' duche
DU'LCING, n. written delicis, then delcis,

DU'LCIMER. It. Dolcimelle ; a musical in-
May nat be sold sothly.--Id. p. 50.
DU'LCET. dolcis, and lastly dulcis. Vos- strument so called a soni dulcedine; from the

And see the Be ye sugett of ech creature of man for god, either to the Du'lcIFY.

sius,de, and lacere, to draw, sweetness of its sound, (Skinner ) kyng as to him that is higer in staat, either to duykis as to Dulcification. to attract.

quotation from Warton : whence it appears that, thilke that ben sent of hym.-Wiclif. 1 Peter, c. 2.

DULCORATE, v. Dulce, the verb, is not un

in his time, a particular kind of bonnet was called Whilom, as olde stories tellen us,

DULCORATION. common in our old writers,

a Dulcimer.
Ther was a duk that highte Theseus.
Of Athenes he was lord and governour,
though now disused. Sec ADDULCE.

The harp
And in his time swiche a conquerour.
To delight, to be or cause to be delightful,

Had work and rested not; the solemn pipe,

And dulcimer, all orgaus of sweet stop, That greter ther was non under the sonne.

sweet, pleasant, gratifying, agreeable; to sweeten; All sounds on fret by string or golden wire, Chaucer. The Knightes Tale. to soothe; to harmonize.

Temper'd soft tunings, intermix'd with voic She smote thee to ground for all thy crueltie

Choral or unison.-Millon. Paradise Lost, b. vil. Wherefore ye dukeship of Diamedes & dignitie

O howe delicious (sayth Dauid) are thy sayenges yntomy Unto her great laud and glorie perpetuall

throte? More dulceth'thā hony are thy wordes Lorde to my The females that are guilty of breaking my orders, I shall Attributed is with triumph laureall. mouth.-Bale. Image, T. 7.

respectively pronounce to be kits, hornpipes, dulcimers, and Id. Balade. The Nine Ladies Worthie.

kettle drums.- Tatler, No. 225.

And the lawes and exercise therof, beinge in pure Latin
And sothly suster mine (qd. she)
Now be we duchesses both I and ye.
or doulce Frenche, fewe men in consultations shuld (in myne

With bonnet trimm'd and flounced withal,

Which they a dulcimer do call, 'Id. Legend of Ariadne. opinion) compare with our lawyars.

Sir T. Elyot. Governovr, b. i. c. 14.

And stockings white as snows that fall. I rede in old bokes thus,

Warton. The High-Street Tragedy. There was a duke, whiche Spartacus

Framinge himselse to plye his booke Men clepe, and was a warriour,-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

with lesser greefe of mynde,

DULL, v. Ger, Doll, which Wachter He will see the (my dulcet frinde)

derives from Dol-en, dwalen,

Dull, adj. of these besauntes I haue lernyd there shuld be ii.; that with warmie westerne wynde. one is called a bezaunte imperiall, and ye other a bezaūt

Drant. Horace. Epistle to Numitius.


desipere, delirare, and that ducall.-Pabyan, an. 1273.

Du'llard, adj. from the A. S. Dwol-ian.
Not now deere son, from thyne embrasings sweete shuld
I be pluckt,

For firste he gate him ye duchie of Berry, and after that

Tooke derives the Eng. whole Normandy, wherof in no long time he bereft him the O dulcet son.-Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. viii.


from the same A. S. verb, possession, regimēt & title, without any cause geuē, on the

DU'LNESS. which he renders Hebere, hepartie of yong Charles.-Hall. Edw. IV. an. 12. And lytle and lytle fro theyr very childhoode to accustome

DU'LSOME. betare, to thicken. them dulcely and pleasātly in the meditacion thereof. In whiche tyme came vnto hym certayne men of the

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1215.

Somner,-Errare. Skinner thinks from the A.S. duchie Burgoyne, as lordes of dyuers holdes and townes

Dol-ian, to bear, to sustain. Wachter and Tooke within that duchery, and gave vnto hym, to the entent he

Musick (quoth he) (Aristoxenus) is brought in thither, shulde nat molest or hurte that coutre. cc.m. floryns of golde. because that whereas wine is wont to pervert and overturn

differ only in this, that the former gives the comFabyan, an. 1359.

as well the bodies as the minds of those who take it im- mon usage or consequential application, the latter

moderately, music by that order, symmetry, and accord the primitive meaning. See Dout. Lord Angelo dukes it well in his absence, he puts which is in it, reduceth them again into a contrary temperatransgression too't. ture, and dulceth all.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 1029.

To thicken; to blunt, (sc.) the edge of a knife Shakespeare. Measure for Measure, Act ill. sc. 2.

or other instrument; to thicken, blunt, or deaden When they devis'd to link, by wedlock's band,

Good reason therefore, that such asperity of the spirit or (met.) the faculties or powers of the mind; to

rather indeed of the vitall breath should be dulced and deaden, to stupify; to diminish the keenness, the The house of Suffolk to Northumberland;

appeased, by the use of some sweet and pleasant liquour. Our fatal dukedom to your dukedom bound,

Id. Plinie, b. xxii. C. 24. lustre, weaken the power of; to damp, to sadden, To frame this building on so weak a ground.

to drowse, to lethargise. Drayton. Lady Jane Grey to Dudley. For there came ambassadors to Rome, which brought

letters from King Tarquine, full of sweet and lowly speeches, K. Hen. Urswick, command the dukeling and these

Right nought am I through your doctrine, to win the favour of the people, with commission to use all fellows,

I dull vnder your discipline.-Chaucer. Rom, of the Rose. the mildest means they could, to dulce and soften the To Digby, thé Lieutenant of the Tower.

heardned hearts of the multitude: who declared how the Ford. Perkin Warbeck, Act v. sc. 2.

I not (ad. she) wherof it serueth thy question to assoil, king had left all pride and cruelty, and meant to ask nought me thinketh the now duller in wittes, than when I with Pelron. Will your dukeship but reasonable things.- North. Plutarch, p. 83.

thee first mette.-10. The Testament of Loue, b. iii. Sit down and eat some sugar-plumbs? Massinger. The Great Duke of Florence, Act iv. sc. 2.

This we may undoubtedly gather and conjecture by his Sothly the good workes that he did before that he fell in

great dilligence, which he employed in that musick and dedly sinne, ben all mortified, astoned, and dulled by the eft From whence a fatal volley we receiva,

harmony, which he inferred for the dulcing, taming, and sinning.--Id. The Persones Tale. It miss'd the duke, but his great heart it griev'd :

appeasing of the soul.--Holland. Plutarch, p. 54. Three worthy persons from his side it tore,

Therwith her list so wel to live,
And dyed his garment with their scatter'd gore.
Upon his dulcet pipe the merle doth only play.

That dulnesse was of her a drad.-Id. Dreame.
Wailer, Instructions to a Painter.

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 13.

But bycause that in cunning I am young, and can yet but The King, before his erpedition into England, had pro- I know that a decoction of wild gourd or colocynthis creepe, this leud A, B, C, haue I set into learning, for I mised his eldest son Robert the dukedom of Normandy, in (though somewhat qualified) will not from every hand be cannot passen the telling of three as yet : and yf God will, case he conquered the kingdom he then pretended.

dulcified into aliment by an addition of flour or meal. in short time I shall amend this lewdnesse in ioyning of Sir W. Temple. Introduction to the History of England.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. i. c. 11. sillables, which thyng for dulnesse of witte I may not in
What shall I advise ?
The fator whereof may discover itself by sweat and urine,

three letters declare.-Id. The Testament of Loue, b. il. Evin quit the house, for thou too long has sat in't ; as being unmasterable by the natural heat of man, not to be I am so rude in my degree, Produce at last thy dormant ducal patent;

dulcified by concoction beyond an unsavoury condition. And eke my wittes ben so dull, There near thy master's throne in shelter plac'd,

Id. 18. b. iv. c. 10. That I ne maie nouht to the full
Let Will, unheard by thee, his thunder waste.
Swift. On Mr. Pulteney's being put out of the Council, 1731. The ancients, for the dulcorating of fruit, do commend

Attaine unto so high a lore.--Gower. Con, A. b.ir. swines-dung above all other dung.

The discretion of a tutor consisteth in temperaunce: that The Duke of Lorrain being in this manner dispossessed

Bacon. Naturall History, $ 465. is to saye, that he suffre not the child not to be fatigate with of his durhy, without any preceding declaration of war on

continuall study or learning: wherwith the delycate and the part of France, filled all Europe with his coinplaints. The fourth is in the dulcoration of some metals; as sac- tender wytte may be dulled or cppressed. Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 188. charum, Saturni, &c.-Id. Ib. 358.

Sir T. Blyot. Governorr, b. Lan, 626

Lye and

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So that neither the hearers be troubled, with confounding

The brazen flashes dread

His the ghost in Hamlet) dumb behaviour at his first onof matter, and heaping one thing in another's neck, nor yet Of num'rous helmets, corslets furbish'd bright,

trance strikes the imagination very strongly; but every their memorie duiled with ouerthwart rehearsal, and dis- And shields refulgent, meeting, dulld the eye,

time he enters, he is still more terrifying. Spectator, No. 44. orderly telling of our tale.-Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p.102. And turn'd it dark away.--Couper. Homer. Iliad, b. xiii.

Take hence that once a king; that sullen pride Howpeit they that canne not fynde in theyr heart to com- Through kind infusion of celestial pow's,

That swells to dumbness : him the dungeon, mende another mannes good deede, shewe themselfe either The dullard earth May quick'neth with delight.

And sink him deep with irons. enuious or elles of nature verye colde and dull.

Thomson. A Hymn to May.

Dryden. Don Sebastian, Act iii. sc. I.
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1223.
In stupid indolence my life is spent,

I see him ogle still and hear him chat,
This thing also Hillary, who was himselfe a Frenchma

Supinely calm and dully innocent. borne, in his hymnes testifieth, in the same callynge his

Lyttelton. Soliloquy of a Beauty in the Country.

Selling facetious bargains and propounding

That witty recreation, call'd dumb-founding. countreye men dullardes.-Udal. Prej to Galathians. Cards were superfluous here, with all the tricks

Id. Prologue to the Prophetess. That idleness has ever yet contriv'd But that now, for foles and dulleheddes, we be made sobre To fill the void of an unfurnish'd brain,

In the first case the demoniac or madman was dumb; and wise, that for rebelles we are meke and tractable, that To palliate dulness, and give time a shove.

and his dumbness probably arose from the natural turn of for men erryng out of the way, we are made knowars of

Coupor The Task, b. iv. his disorder, which was that species of madness called the trueth.- Udal. Titus, c. 3.

melancholy, of which taciturnity or dumbness is a very And bloom'd a shade to Cantium's sunny shorar

common effect. What answere doth he make vnto it! he sayth he will not Delightsome, and in cheerful goblets laught

Farmer. Demoniacs of the New Test. c. I. s. 5. answere it fully. In fayth that is spoken very dully.

Potent, what time Aquarius' urn impends
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1029. To kill the dulsome day.-Smart. The Hop Garden.

DUMP, 16. Skinner thinks from Dumb, Albeit the Galathians are Greciās, yet are they originally DUM, or Goth. Dumba, or dumbs, mu.

DU'MPISHI. (supra.) It is (he says) a descended of Frenchemen, & (as S. Heirome sayeth) indulne's

DUMB, v.

DU'MPISHNESS. fixed and serious state of of witte resemble thē.-Udal. Pref. to Galathians.

tus; A. S. Adumb-ian, obmutesDUMB, adj.

DU'MPLED. cere, to hold one's peace, to keep

thought in which we stand Vpon his crested scalpe so sore did smite, DU'MBLY. silence, to become mute or dumb,

DUMPLING, N. silent, (i. e. with our faculties That to the scull a yawning wound it made:

DU'MBNESS. (Somner.) Tooke thinks from dammed, blocked up, or obstructed,) and do as it The deadly dint his dulled senses all dismaid.

were remain dumb. Junius interprets Dumpishness, Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 11. 'the A. S. Dæm-an, demman, (Ger. Demmen, dam

men,) obturare, obstruere, to dam; and that dumb stupor, torpor. So (no doubt) even in grafting, for the same cause, the means obturatum, obstructum, dammed ; and

Inertness, dulness, heaviness; dulness of spirits, choice of the stock doth much ; always provided, that it be some what inferiour to the cions, for otherwise it dullelhit. therefore when those who have been dumb recover sadness, melancholy, ill-humour, sullenness; dul

Bacon. Naturall History, $ 467. their speech, their mouths are said to be opened; ness or inactivity of mind. Look in your glass and there appears a face the dam being, as it were, removed. The passage

Applied also, first,ếto a doleful tune or ditty, That over-goes my blunt intention quite,

from Shakespeare, (Antony and Cleopatra,) he and then-to any tune or ditty. Dulling my lines, and doing me disgrace. thus explains,—“ What I would have spoke was,

Dumpling is perhaps the diminutive of dump. Shakespeare, Son. 103.

in a beastly manner obstructed by him," ( Tooke, A sad dumpling, a sad, heavy pudding. Off with thy pining black, it dulls a souldier; ii. 335.) He remarks that to bar, to blin, and

Dumpy, (sullen: Brockett's Glossary,) is apAnd put on resolution like a man,

to dam, were originally general terms, having all plied to any thing short and thick. A noble fate waits on thee. Beaum. f Fletch. The False One, Act iv. sc. 3.

one common meaning, viz. obstruction ; distin- My sinews dull, in dumps I stand,

guished in their application by custom alone. In No life I fecl in foot, nor hand King. Let there be no novse made (my gentle friends), Kilian, dom is interpreted surdus, i. e. deaf. Dom

As pale as any clout, and dead. Vnless some dull and fauourable hand

Surrey. Description of the Restless State, &c. Will whisper musicke to my wearie spirit.

en blind. Auribus et oculis captus. The Gr. Shakespeare. 2 Part Hen. IV. Act iv. sc. t. Tupaus, is a word of the same kind. In Sophocles,

The blastes Euterpe tunes of instrument,

With solace sweet, hence my heauy dumpes to chase. Fly, fly, prophane fogs ! far hence fly away, (Edipus Tyrannus, v. 371,) Τυφλος τα τ’ωτα, τον

Pncertaine Auctores. Of the Nine Muses. Taint not the pure streams of the springing day

τε νουν, τα τ' ομματ' ει. Thy ears, thy soul, e'en With your dull influence, it is for you

You bee not ignoraunt (good vncle,) what heapes of heaas thy eyes, are blind, (Potter.) To sit and scoul upon night's heavy brow.

Dumb, then is, by usage,–

uynesse hath of late fallen among vs alreadye, with whiche Crashat. On a Poul Morning.

some of our poore familie bee fallen into suche dumpes, that

Having the organs, the powers of speech ob- scantelye can anye suche cumfort as my poore witte can But would I bee a poet if I might

structed; deprived, destitute of the powers of geue them anye thynge asswage theyr sorrowe. To rub my browes three days, and wake three rights,

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1140. And bite my nails, and scratch my dullard head,

speech, speechless, mute. And curse the backward Muses on my bed

The duke demaunded of him what should signifie that For deve thorgh hus doynges and dombe speke and herde. dumpishnes of mynde, and inward sighyng, the whiche, by About one peevish syllable.-Bp. Hall, b. vi. Sat. 1.

Piers Plouhman, p. 372.
his countenance, manifestly appered and was euident.

Hall. Edw. IV. an. 15. But of all, your grace must flie phlebotomie, fresh And whanne thei weren gon out, lo thei broughten to hem pork, conger, and clarified whay; they are all dullers of the a doumbe man havynge a devel. And whanne the devel

This vyce hath to his contrarie vital spirits.-Beaun. & Fletch. Philasler, Act ii. sc. 1. was cast out, the doumbe man spak.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 9.

almost a greater vyce, Desire takes wing and straight does fly, As they went oute, beholde, they broughte to him a dome

Rude dumpishnes, vnmannerlye, It stays not dully to enquire the why, man possessed of a deuyll. And as soone as the deuyll was

offensyue, and precyse.

Drant. Horace. Epistle to Lollius. That happy thing, a lover, grown,

cast out, the domme spake.Bible, 1551, I0. I shall not see with others eyes, scarce with mine own. For trewely comfort ne mirthe is non,

Edwine thus perplexed with troubled thoughts in the Cowley. The Request.

dead of the night, sate solitary vnder a tree in dumps, To riden by the way dombe as a ston. Then the fat flesh-pots they so much desire,

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 776. musing what was best to be done. Whereon in Egypt gluttoning they fed,

Speed. Saxon Kings, an. 617. b. vii. c. 9. 8. 8. When they came hungry home from carrying mire

Ryuers ren nat till the sprynge be full,
Which only dullness and gross humours bred.
Better a dumme mouthe than a brayneles scull.

2 Gent. Hee's in a deep dump now.
Drayton. Moses his Birth & Miracles, b. iii.

Skelton. Dame Pallas to the Quene of Fame. Leo. I'le fetch him out on't.

Beaum. & Fletch. Humourous Lieutenant, Act iv. sc. 6. This therefore is no spiritual dumbenesse, M. Hardinge: But since we two are brothers, and subscribe Both volunteers to the poetic tribe,

this is no vnprofitable harkening: this is no instinct, or Alexander ye great being dispatched out of the way in the I dare not do't, lest any dulman says woorke of Sathan.-Jewel. Defence, p. 553.

very flowre of his age and of his conquests, all men were We by consent do one another praise.

So he nodded,

stricken in heauye dumpes, and in especially all the citye of Brome. To his Friend J. B. on his Tragedy. And soberly did mount an arme-gaunt steede,

Babilon.-Golding. Justine, p. 66.

Who neigh'd so hye, that what I would haue spoke, When the success and courage of the Romans had made

Sir knight, why ride ye dumpish thus behind, Was beastly dumbe by him. them masters of the wealth and pleasures of all the con

Sith so good fortune doth to you present

Shakespeare. Antony & Cleopatra, Act i. sc. 5. quered nations round about them, we see how quickly the

So fayre a spoyle, to make you ioyous meriment. edge of their valour was dulled, and the rigorirous honesty The goodly queene in bashfull signes

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. iv. c. 2 of their morals dissolved and melted away with those delights,

Blusht out a dumb replie: which too easily circumvent and overcome the hearts of Which he did constru as she meant,

But I feare now I have ouercharged the reader's minde men.-Soulh, vol. iv. Ser. 2.

And kist her reuerently.

with dolefull, dumpish, and vncomfortable lines. Warner. Albion's England, b. vi. c. 29.

Camden. Remaines. Epitaphs Those men that are duller will be apt to suspect from our A mouth, but dumb, he hath ; blind eyes, deaf ears;

And for dispositions ; now do we see one so ragingly furibeing so angry and so waspish, that we have but a bad

And to his shoulders dangle subtle hairs.

ous, as if he had newly torn off his chaines, and escaped ; matter to manage.-Sharpe, vol. i. Ser. 1.

Donne. The Progress of the Soul. another so stupidly senseless, that you may thrust pins into Queen. Honour, a very word : an empty name! Where I have come, great clearkes haue purposed

him, up to the head, and he startles not at it; one so dumpHow dully wretched is the slave to fame! To greete me with premeditated welcomes :

ishly sad, as if he would freez to death in melancholy, and Give me the soul that's large and unconfin'd;

hated any contentment but in sorrow.

Where I haue seene them shiuer and looke pale,
Free as the air, and boundless as the wind.

Bp. Hall. Select Thoughts, $ 61.
Make periods in the midst of sentences,
Olway. Alcibiades, Act il. sc. 1. Throttle their practiz'd accent in their feares,

Sur. I'll do it in a dump, sir.
In eldest time, ere mortals writ or read,
And, in conclusion, dumbly haue broke off,

Mem. In a dog, sir,
Not paying me a welcome.
Ere Pallas issued from the Thunderer's head,

I'll have no dumps, nor dumplins : fetch your tools

Shakespeare. Midsummer Night'. Dream, Act v. sc. I, And then I'll tell ye more.
Dulness o'er all possess'd her ancient right,
Daughter of Chaos and eternal night:
Are you struck dummerer now? and whine for mercy?

Beaum. & Fletch. Nad Lover, Act iii. so. I. Fate in their dotage this fair idiot gave,

B. Jonson. The Staple of Newes, Act v. sc. 3.

Cook it any way; prithee, leave mo.
Gross as her sire, and as her mother grave,
But I can tell that in each grace of these

Greedy. Without order for the dumpling?
Laborious, heavy, husy, bold and blind,
There lurkes a still and dumb-discoursire diuell,

Over. Let it be dumpled
Sho ru'd, in native anarchy, the mind.
That tempts most cunningly. but be not tempted.

Which way thou will,
Pope. The Dunciad, b. i.

Shakespeare. Troyl. & Cress. Act iv. ic. 4. Massinger. A New Way to Pay Old Debts, Act lii. 90.2

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