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It does not institute a magnificent auction of finance, where captivated provinces come to general ransom by bidding against each other, untill you knock down the hammer, and determine a proportion of payments beyond all the powers of algebra to equalize and settle.

Burke. On Conciliation with America.

Taking five and five throughout the kingdom, they are equal: therefore, an errour with regard to the equalization of their wages, by those who employ five, as farmers do at the very least, cannot be considerable.-Id. On Scarcity.

For all his jocular narrations
Smell of his Algebra equations.

Cawthorn. Wit & Learning.

EQUANIMITY. Fr. Equanimité; It. Equanimità; Sp. Equanimidad; Lat. Equanimitas, from Equus, even, and animus, the mind.

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I should be glad if a certain equestrian order of ladies, some of whom one meets in the evening at every outlet of the town, would take this subject into their serious consideration.-Spectator, No. 104.

Persons were admitted into the two higher ranks according to their fortunes; one that was worth 800 sestertia, was taken into the equestrian order.

Evenness of mind, uniformity, steadiness, im- capable of being chose senator; one that had 400 might be Minshew well calls it, A

movableness of mind.

quiet moderation of mind."

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He was skilled in more great things than one; and, as one said of Phidias, he could not only make excellent statues of ivory, but he could work in stone and brass; he shewed his eg animity in poverty, and his justice in riches. Taylor, vol. iii. Ser. 7.

Where is that moderation of ours which St. Paul, in the verse before my text, requires us to make known unto all men; that equanimity and contentedness which we ought to express in every estate and condition in which God hath placed us.-Sharp, vol. iv. Ser. 1.

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This quality [good-nature] keeps the mind in equanimity, and never lets an offence unseasonably throw a man out of his character.-Tatler, No. 242.

After these gentlemen have borne all the odium of this publication, and all the indignation of the directors, with such unexampled equanimity, now that they are at length stimulated into feeling, are you to deny them their just relief?-Burke. On the Nabob of Arcot's Debts.



Kennet. Antiquities of Rome, pt. ii. b. iii. c. 1. EQUI-ANGLED. Written by Boyle, EquiEQUIA NGULAR. Sangled. Fr. Equiangle; It. Equiangolo; Sp. Equiangulo. Having the angles equal.

For, whereas that consists of twelve æquilateral and æquiangled pentagons, almost all the planes that made up our granite were quadrilateral.-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 534. Lat. Equus, equal, and crus, the leg. it. Equi



Having the legs equal, or of the same length. Consider the increase of an equicrure triangle, which goes upon a certain proportion of length and breadth. Digby. Of Bodies, c. 9.

A solid rhombus being made by the conversion of two equicrural cones, as Archimedes hath defined; and these were the common trees about Babylon, and the East, whereof the ark was made; and Alexander found no trees so accommodable to build his navy.-Brown. Cyrus' Garden, c. 4.

Does it not require some pains and skill to form the genecomprehensive, and difficult,) for it must be neither oblique, nor rectangle, neither equilateral, equicrural, nor scalenon; but all and none of these at once. Locke. Of Hum. Underst. b. iv. c. 7. s. 9.

Fr. Equateur; Sp. Equa- ral idea of a triangle, (which is yet none of the most abstract, dor; Lat. It. Equatore; Equator. See EQUAL. So called, because equally distant from the poles, and dividing the sphere or globe into two equal parts.

Here matter new to gaze the Devil met, Undazl'd; farr and wide his eye commands, For sight no obstacle found here, no shade, But all sun-shine, as when his beams at noon Culminate from th' equator.--Milton. Par. Lost, b. iii. Now on this line the needle exactly lyeth not, but diverts and varieth its points, that is, the north point on this side of the equator, the south on the other, sometimes unto the east, sometimes toward the west, and in some few places varieth not at all.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 2.

But, 2. Our modern astronomers assign a much greater variation from a globous form, namely, that of a prolate sphæroid, making the polar about 34 miles shorter than the equatorial diameter.

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c. 1. Note 1. Those that refulgent, or with rosy morn, Or yellow evening, flame: those that, profuse Drunk by equator-suns, severely shine.

Thomson. Liberty, pt. iv.

Thrice had the sun, to rule the varying year,
Across the equator roll'd his flaming sphere,
Since last the vessel spread her ample sail,
From Albion's coast obsequious to the gale.

Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 1. It is occasionally requisite, that the object-end of the instrument be moved up and down as well horizontally as equatorially.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 8.

E/QUERY, or Of Querry, Skinner says, EQUE'RRY. from the Fr. Escuyrie, escurie, the stable of the prince; perhaps, because les escuyers, armigeri, had the care of the horses of the prince. Dr. T. H. derives ab equis, (q.d.) equiria; he adds a third conjecture, (more specious than the others,) that it is so called a curando The Low Lat. is Scura or scuria, perhaps equos. from the Ger. Schauren or schuren, tegere, to cover or protect. See Du Cange.

"Fr. Escuyrie, the stable of a prince or nobleman; also, a querry-ship; or the duties or offices belonging thereto; also, (in old authors,) a squire's place; or the dignity, title or estate of an esquire," (Cotgrave.)




Fr. Equidistant; It. and Sp. Equidistante; from Lat. Equus, equal, even, same, and distans, present part. of distare, to stand apart.

Standing apart or asunder, separate or removed in the same degree in space or time; in any relationship.

For the concaue and conuexe superfices of the orbe of the sunne is concentrike, and equidistant to the earth. Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 51.

In all those descending degrees there is a kind of reverential inequality betwixt the lower and superiour, which abhors from all proportion of a match: whereas the collateral equidistance of cousin-german from the stock, whence both descend, hath in it no such appearance of inequality.

Bp. Hall. Cases of Conscience, Dec. 4. Case 5. For into our Reason flow, and there do end All that this natural world doth comprehend; Quotidian things, and equidistant hence, Shut in, for man, in one circumference.

Donne. Elegy on the Death of Prince Henry.

The liver, though seated on the right side, yet by the subclavian division, doth equidistantly communicate its activity unto either arm.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 5.

Whereas any constant periodical appearance or alteration of ideas in seemingly equidistant spaces of duration, if constantly and universally observable, would have as well distinguished the intervals of time, as those that have been

made use of.-Locke. Of Hum. Underst. b. ii. c. 14. s. 19.

In building an arch, could more be done (than in the lower part of the face) in order to make the curve true, i. e. the parts equidistant from the middle, alike in figure and position.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 11.

EQUI-FORMITY. Lat. Equus, equal, and forma, the form, frame or fashion; from A. S. Fram-an, facere, to form or make.

Equality, evenness or sameness, in form or fashion, or manner; in degree.

The heavens admit not these sinister and dexter respects; there being in them no diversity or difference, but a simpli

city of parts and equiformity in motion continually succeeding each other.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 5.


? Fr. Equilateral; It.

EQUI-LATERAL, adj. Equilatere; Sp. Equi


latero; Lat. Equus, equal, and latus, the side.

Having the sides equal, or of the same length. See the quotation from Locke, in v. EQUICRure. Opposite to this castle is erected the sepulcher of Baha. man's beloved queer, in the highway, as we passed: 'tis of four equilaterals raised above eight yards high. Sir T. Herbert. Travels, p. 200.


word. See CALIBER,

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To have equal weight, to weigh or poise equally; to be, to keep in equipoise, to balance.

As in a long steel wire, equilibrated or evenly ballanced in the ayr.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 2.

This attraction have we tryed in straws and paleous bodies, in needles of iron, equilibrated.-Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 4.

According to the laws magnetical, the lower extreme of it will not be its northern (but its southern) pole, nimbly attracting the north end of an excited and equilibrated needle. Boyle. Works, vol. v. p. 591.

The structure of man's body is with that equilibration (notwithstanding divers prominences therein) the composure of his nerves and muscles for the due motion of his spirits, the structure of his feet are so singularly accommodated; that he maintains this erect posture, standing or walking, though his feet, the basis of the pillar of his body, be much narrower than the latitude of his body.

Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 64. All I shall farther take notice of, shall be only the exquisite equilibration of all these opposite and antagonist muscles.-Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 2.

By which equilibration her flight is made much more easie. Grew. Cosmo-Sacra, b. i. c. 5.

The spirit of nature, may silently send forth whole gardens and orchards of most delectable fruits and flowers of an equilibrious ponderosity to the parts of the aire they grow in. H. More. Immortality of the Soul, b. in. c. 9.

For we being finite and limited beings, cannot operate divers ways with equal vigour at once; and our rational and sensitive propensions are made in such a regular and equili activity, the other always decays; and so accordingly as we brious order, that proportionably as the oue does increase in abate in strength of our brutish, we shall improve in the vigour of our rational faculties. Scott. Christian Life, pt. i. c. 2. The balance is turned, and wherever this happens, there is an end of the doubt or equilibrium.

Sharp, vol. ii. A Doubting Conscience.

So that it is by the equilibre of the muscles, by the aid of a considerable and equipollent muscular force in constant exertion, that the head maintains its erect posture.

Paley. Natural Theology, c. 9. When the equilibrist balances a rod upon his finger, not only the attention of his mind, but the observation of his eye. is constantly requisite.

Stewart. Of the.Human Mind, vol. i. c. 2.

All the occupations of life are found to have their advantages and disadvantages admirably adapted to preserve the just equilibrium of happiness.-Knox. Essays, No. 53. Lat. Equus, equal,

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And do but see his vice,

"Tis to his vertue, a just equinox,

The one as long as th' other.-Shakes, Othello, Act ii. sc. 3. It commeth thus to passe, that by the variable increment of the day-light, the longest day in Meroe doth comprehend 12 equinoctial houres, and 8 parts of one houre: but in Alexandria 14 houres, in Italie 15, in Britaine 17. Holland. Plinie, b. ii. c. 75. That the earth is in the middest of the whole world it appeareth by manifest and undoubted reasons; but most evidently, by the equal houres of the equinoctiall.

Id. Ib. c. 69.

But the great convolvulus or white flowred bindweed observes both motions of the sun, while the floure twists @quinoctionally from the left hand to the right, according to the daily revolution: the stalk twineth ecliptically from the right to the left according to the annual conversion.

Brown. Cyrus' Garden, c. 4. The passage yet was good, the wind, 'tis true, Was somewhat high, but that was nothing new, No more than usual equinoxes blew.

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To me his secret thoughts he first declar'd,
Then, well equipp'd, a rapid bark prepar'd,
By Odorico the Biscayan's care,
On sea and land a master of the war.

Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. xiii.
Well dress'd, well bred,

Well equipag'd, is ticket good enough





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To weigh equally; to have even weight, the same weight; to balance; to equilibrate, to be in equipoise.

This is manifestible by an easier way, in long wires equi.
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 2.

To pass us readily through ev'ry door.-Cowp. Task, b. iii. ponderate with untwisted silk and soft wax.

We know, that our new brethren, whilst they every where shut up the churches, increased in Paris, at one time, at least four-fold, the opera-houses, the play-houses, the publick shows of all kinds; and even in their state of indigence and distress, no expense was spared for their equipment and decoration.-Burke. On a Regicide Peace, Let. 1.

EQUI-PENDENCY. Lat. Æquus, equal, and Dryden. The Hind & the Panther. pendens, pres. part. of pendere, to hang.

For here, expos'd to perpendicular rays,
In vain they covet shades, and Thracia's gales,
Pining with equinoctial heat, unless
The cordial glass perpetual motion keep,
Quick circulating.

J. Philips. Cider, b. ii.

I cannot move with these precessions of the equinoxes, which are preparing for us the return of some very old, I am afraid no golden, æra, or the commencement of some new æra, that must be denominated from some new metal.

Burke. On a Regicide Peace, Let. 1.

The virtues of most men will only blow,
Like coy auriculas, in Alpine snow;
Transplant them to the equinoctial line,
Their vigour sickens, and their tints decline.

Hart. The Charitable Mason.

EQUIP, v. Fr. Esquiper, (and with the EQUIPAGE, v. common omission of the s,) EQUIPAGE, n. équipper; from the Ger. Schiff, EQUIPMENT. which signifies un navire, a ship, (Menage.) And this etymology is considered by Skinner himself not to be without probability, (verisimilitudine,) though he previously proposes the Lat. Ephippiare, i. e. equum ephippio instruere; to furnish a horse with trappings. The Low Lat. Eschipare, Du Cange calls, vox a re nauticâ desumpta. And Junius affirms it to be manifestly derived from the English, ship; and that thus eschipatus, is as much as to say, well provided and prepared (bene adornatus et instructus) as ships of war should be. Skinner, who died in 1667, (An. Et. 45,) declares it to be a word introduced into English in his time. But the word written Esquippe, is in Barett's Alvearie, 1573; and (in v. Instruere) in Cooper's Thesaurus, 1573. esquippe or fournish ships with all abilements." And see Verstegan, c. 7, who treats the word as a useless novelty.


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Equilibration, equipoise.

Wherefore, doubtless, the will of man in the state of innocence, had an entire freedom, a perfect equipendency and indifference to either part of the contradiction, to stand, or not to stand; to accept, or not accept the temptation. South, vol. i. Ser. 2.

E'QUI-POISE, or, as written by Derham, Equipoise. Poise, Fr. Peser; It. Pesare; Sp. Pesar; from Lat. Pendere, to hang.

Equal weight; equality, evenness or sameness of weight; equilibration; balance.

For in the first place, the distribution is so well made, the earth and waters so handsomely, so workman-like laid,

everywhere all the world over, that there is a just æquipoise of the whole globe.-Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c. 5.

I was weary of continual irresolution, and a perpetual equipoise of the mind; and ashamed of being the favourite of those who were scorned and shunned by the rest of mankind.-Rambler, No. 95.



Fr. Equipollent; It. and Sp. Equipollente. The Fr. have the verb Equipoller; Lat. Equus, and pollens, pres. part. of pollere, to be strong; from the Gr. Пoλvs, multus. Nam pollere dicitur, qui multum valet.

Equally strong or powerful; strong or powerful, or able in the same degree; having the same strength, force, power, or ability; equivalent. Thou wil to kings be equipolent, With great lords euen and peregal.

Lidgate. Balade of Good Counsaile.

Let him studie in equipolence,
And let lies and fallaces

If that he would deserue our graces.-Chaucer. R. of the R. Onely superstition is now so well advanced, that men of the first bloud are as firme as butchers by occupation: and votary resolution is made equipollent to custome, even in

matter of bloud.-Bacon. Ess. Of Custome and Education

If you should ransacke the whole Greeke language, you shall not find a word to counteruaile Ineptus. Thus far Tullie. Yet Budæus would not seeme to acknowledge this barrennesse, but that the Greeke word axetрoкaλos is equi

Drayton. The Miseries of Queen Margaret. pollent to ineptus.-Holinshed. Ireland, c. 1.

O if my temples were distain'd with wine

And girt in girlonds of wilde iuie twine;

How could I reare the Muse on stately stage,
And teach her tread aloft in buskin fine,
With queint Bellona in her equipage.

Spenser. Shepheard's Calendar. October
When loe. (O Fate !) his work, not seeming fit
To walk in equipage with better wit,

Is kept from light.-Browne. Britannia's Past. b. i. s. 2. A Frenchman told me lately, that was at your audience, that he never saw so many complete gentlemen in his life, for the number, and in a neater equipage.

Howell, b. i. s. 6. Let. 21.

Shee forth issewed with a goodly traine
Of squires and ladies equipaged well,
And entertained them right fairely, as befell.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 9.

This promise of so short a stay prevails; He soon equips the ship, supplies the sails, And gives the word to launch.-Dryden. Ovid. Met. b. x. The Parliament refusing to consent to this proposal, the States General gave orders for equipping a considerable fleet, consisting of about 100 ships of war.

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 335.

These phænomena do much depend upon a mechanical æquipollence of pressure.-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 612.

This pressure of the atmosphere being continual, if the springiness of the aërial particles were not now great enough to resist that pressure, they must necessarily have been beforehand inflected or compressed by it, till the endeavours of the one and the other were reduced to an equipollency. Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 606.

As God by mere word and will created things, when he spake, and it was done, he commanded and it stood fast; so did Jesus in like manner, by the efficacy of his command, or by actions equipollent thereto, without predisposing the subjacent matter, or using any natural instrument, accomplish his great and strange works: he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, Peace, be still.

Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 20.

And the more ancient Greeks, Athanasius, Basil, both the Gregories, Epiphanius, Cyrillus Alexandrinus, do (although seldom expressly in terms, yet equipollently and according to sense) say the same.-Id. Ser. 34.

So that it is by the equilibre of the muscles, by the aid of a considerable and equipollent muscular force in constant exertion, that the head maintains its erect posture. Paley. Natural Theology, c. 9.

If the needle be not exactly equiponderant, that end which is thought too light, if touched, becometh even.-Id. Ib. On this account the Scepticks affected an equipondious neutrality as the only means to their ataraxia, and freedom from passionate disturbances. Glanvill. Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 23.

Suppose in the two scales of a balance there was placed two equally capacious and equiponderant phials, whereof one is quite full and the other almost full; it is evident, that the full vessell will keep the scale it leaned upon depressed. Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 633.

When the evidence on each side doth equiponderate, this doth not properly beget an assent, but rather a hesitation, or suspension of assent.-Wilkins, Natural Religion, b.i. c.1.

But whether my expectations are most fix'd on pardon or praise, I think it not necessary to discover; for having accurately weighed the reasons for arrogance and submistience to try the event of my first performance will not suffer sion, I find them so nearly equiponderant, that my impame to attend any longer to the trepidations of the balance. Rambler, No. 1. EQUI-TEMPORANEOUS. Lat. Equus,and tempus, time; perhaps from Gr. Teμv-ew, secare, to cut. See CONTEMPORISE.

Of the same time; of the same duration, at the same moment, of time.

Till Galileo (for he is generally believed the discoverer) took notice of the vibrations with a mathematical eye, men knew not this property of swinging bodies, that the greater and smaller arches were, as to sense, equitemporaneous. Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 476

Suppose in a high church (the book exemplifies Nostre Dame) the great candlestick that hangs from the top of the church being made to swing, a philosopher that has observed that the vibrations of a pendulum, though the arches it describes be unequal, are in the sense formerly declared

equilemporaneous, &c.-Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 459.



Fr. Equité; It. Equità; Sp. Equidad, Lat. Equitas, from Lat. Equus. See EQUAL, and

Equity appears to mean, literally, likeness sameness, evenness; and is applied to the administration or distribution of the laws, either of a particular state or community, or those of nature, said, to level or smoothen, or mitigate the asperity alike to all; to even-handed justice; and thus is or rigour of strict law (the summum jus) which is guided by general rules, and not prepared for exceptions. See the quotations from J. Taylor, and Blackstone.

So wise and ripe wordes hadde she,
And jugement of so gret equitee,
That she from heven sent was, as men wend,
Peple to save, and every wrong to amend.
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8315.

So that he kepte his libertee To do justice and equitee, Without lucre of suche richesse.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii. They vnderstande not the couenaunt of the lawe: they cannot declare equitee and iudgemente: they cannot fynde out the darcke sentences.-Bible, 1551. Jesus Syrach, c. 38.

For to touch briefely some few things of the devine depth, which humane reason is able to attaine, whome thou thinkest most iust and mest obseruant of equity, seemeth otherwise in the eies of Prouidence which knoweth all.

Boelius. Philosophical Comfort, b. iv. an. 1609. Equity, although it signifies all that reasonableness by which the burden of laws is alleviated, yet here I mean it in the particular sense, that is, the easing of punishments, and the giving gentle sentences; not by remission of what is justly incurred, for that is clemency, but by declaring the delated person not to be involved in the curse of the law; law compels us; that's equity. or not so deeply; not to punish any man more than the

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 6.. It is but just and equitable that they [the Parliament] sbculd have the principall nomination and recommendation of them to the king, rather than any others whomsoever. Prynne. Treachery and Disloyalty, &c. pt. ii. p. 42.

The objects of mercy themselves will be present, and will with pleasure discover the blessed hands that relieved them; nor shall their testimony be wanting, when the judge of the world doth, as it were, point and appeal to them in the throng, as evidences of the equity of that sentence he is then about to pronounce: Inasmuch as ye have done it to one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. Atterbury, vol. ii. Ser. 5.

If this passage be compared with the preceding letters and instructions, all equitable men may judge whether the king did not pass sentence against himself, and absolve the high court of justice.-Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 262.

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Whether the sin of our first parents were the greatest of any since, whether the transgression of Eve seducing, did not exceed that of Adam seduced, or whether the resistibility of his reason did not equivalence the facility of her seduction, we shail refer to the schoolmen.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. i. c. 1. But there are yet three ways more by which single acts do become habits by equivalency and moral value, and are here to be considered accordingly.

Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, c. 4. s. 3.

I have translated divers passages rendering the words livre, sous, and many others of known signification in France, into their equivalent sense, that I may the better be understood by my English readers.-Guardian, No. 52.

For, in the first place, in recompence for the expence to which this (the continuance of this work) will put my readers: it is to be hoped they may receive from every paper so much instruction, as will be a very good equivalent. Spectator, No. 445.

Of all our many necessities, none can be supplied without pains, wherein all men are obliged to bear a share; every man is to work for his food, for his apparel, for all his accommodations, either immediately and directly, or by commutation and equivalence.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 18.

We do by this practice, not only expose ourselves to censure, but implicitly, and according to ready consequence, do press it upon ourselves, seeing we seldom, in kind or equivalently, are ourselves clear of that which we charge

apon others.-Id. vol. i Ser. 20.

This inferior state of well being requires, either that we should be totally exempt from pain, and all corporeal or mental sufferings; or that we continue in the possession of some good that is more than an equivalent, and is capable, In some way or other, of indemnifying us for all that we suffer, or may have suffered.

Cogan. Ethical Treatise. On the Passions, Disc. 3. § 2. You may think it dear of the postage, which may amour to four or five shillings. However, I fear you will not find an equivalence of amusement.

Dr. Goldsmith. To the Rev, H. Goldsmith.




Tresham a little before his death in the Tower subscribed

Fr. Equivoquer; Sp. Equivocar, It. Equivocare, his own hand, that he had not seen Garnett in sixteen years from æquè,androcare,when by one word (und voce) various things are signified; and thus the specific meaning becomes biguous.

before, when it was evidently proved, and Garnett confessed they had been together the summer before; and all that Garnett had to say for him was, that he supposed he meant to equivocate.-Stillingfleet, vol. ii. Ser. 2.


To speak ambiguously; to use ambiguous language; to use or employ words of ambiguous or doubtful significance, that may be variously or diversely interpreted.

Equivoke, Bullokar and Cockeram both have, "when one word signifieth the same things." Equivocal words are also equal words, words of equal meaning.

Equivocal generation, also called spontaneous; uncertain, unascertained.

Wherefore mokell folke saine, if a reasonable creature's soule, any thing feruently wilneth, affectuously he wilneth; and thus may wil by terme of equivocas, in thre waies been vnderstand.-Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. iii.

And hence we see that there is least use of distinctions where there is most knowledge; I mean in mathematicks, where men have determined ideas with known names to them; and so there being no room for equivocations, there is no need of distinctions.-Locke. Hum. Underst. § 30.

I know well enough how equivocal a test this kind of popular opinion forms of the merit that obtained it [publick confidence.]-Burke. Letter to a Noble Lord.

As to the second, that Moses's ignorance made him incapable of founding a good religion, it receives all its strength from an equivocation in the term, good; and a misrepresentation of the nature of the Mosaic history. Warburton. Divine Legation, b. iii. App.

of nouns in Latin and English, and (er) of comER, also written, Or, Our; the termination paratives in English, seems to be the A. S. Er,the front; in time or space; the person so being; the prime person or agent (Lat. Her-us; Gr. Hp-ws); in comparison denoting precedence, pri

Now wold these heretikes blynde vs with theyr equiuoca-ority, &c. See ARE, ERE, and EARL. cion.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 266.

Thou hast no proper father of thine own,
But art a bastard got by th' towa,

By equivoque generation.--Brome. Against Corrupted Sack.
I know your equivocks,

You are growne the better fathers of 'hem o'late.
B. Jonson. The Devil is an Asse, Act ili. sc. 1.

Kin. As thou art a knaue and no knaue, what an equivo

call companion is this!

ERA, or as more usually written, Era. Lat. Era, of uncertain etymology. Joseph Scaliger thinks that Era was used for Number, (pro numero.) See Vossius. Perhaps the Goth. Air; A. S. Er. See ARE, and ERE.

An Era is an indefinite series of years beginning from some known Epoch, with which last word it is often used synonimously.

Shakespeare. All's Well that End's Well, Act v. sc. 3. I encline to this opinion, that from the evening ushering But if this fear be instanc'd in a matter of religion, it will in the first day of the world, to that midnight which began be apt to multiply eternal scruples, and they are equivocal the first day of the Christian era, there was 4003 years, effects of a good meaning, but are proper and univocal ene-seventy dayes, and six temporarie houres; and that the true mies to piety and a wise religion. nativity of our Saviour was full four years before the beginning of the vulgar Christian ara, as is demonstrable by the time of Herod's death. Usher. Annals. The Epistle to the Reader. For learned men are not all agreed in the fixing of the true time of Christ's incarnation, some placing it two years, and some four years before the vulgar æra.

Bp. Taylor. Of Repentance, c. 1. 8. 2
Whatsoever pretends to be a service of God in an uncom-
manded instance, by being the specification of a general
command, or the instance of a grace, must be naturally and
univocally such, not equivocally and by pretension only.
Id. Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 3.

Yea, and an answere by oracle later than these before
cited, which verely was true, but no less ambiguous and
equivocant, Aio te, Eacide, Romanos vincere posse, i. I say,
thyself acides the Romans vanquish may.
Holland. Ammianus, p. 224
For these Jesuits, they indeed make no vow of speaking
truth, and yet even this equivocating and lying is a kind of
unchastity against which they vow and promise.

State Trials. Henry Garnet, an. 1606.

So then our equivocation is not to maintain lying, but to defend the use of certain propositions; for a man may be asked of one who hath no authority to interrogate, or examine concerning something which belongeth not to his cognizance who asketh, as what a man thinketh, &c. So then no man may equivocate, when he ought to tell the truth, otherwise he may.-Id. Ib

My question is, where have you hope of reconciliation?
except only in equivocation of name.

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 13. Selden's Illustrations.
Ham. How absolute the knaue is? we must speake by
the carde, or equiuocation will vndoe vs.
Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act v. sc. 1.

Faith-here's an equiuocator, that could swear in both the
scales against eyther scale, who committed treason enough
for God's sake, yet could not equivocate to heauen: oh, come
in equivocator. Id. Macbeth, Act ii. sc. 3.

The second ranke is of lyars, æquivocators, as Apollo Pythius, and the like.-Burton. Anat. of Melancholy, p. 44. It is so evident, that all animals, yea and vegetables too, owe their production to parent animals and vegetables, that I have often admired at the sloth and prejudice, of the ancient philosophers in so easily taking upon trust the Aristotelian, or rather the Egyptian doctrine of @quivocal generation.-Derham. Phys. Theol. b. iv. c. 15. Note.

These sorts of faith are in comparison to that we speak of but equivocally so called; it includes a firm resolution to perform carefully all the duties enjoyned to Christians, to undergo patiently all the crosses incident to Christianity. Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 4.

The equivocalness of the title gave a handle to those that
came after to understand it of a form of faith, composed by
Athanasius; just as the equivocal title of the Apostolical
given to the Itoman creed occasioned the mistake about its
being made by the Apostles.

Waterland. Critical Hist. of the Athanasian Creed, c. 8.
"Then," said the Hind, "as you the matter state,
Not only Jesuits can equivocate:

Frideaux. Connection, vol. i. Pref. p. ii.

Ne bloody rumours violate the ear,

Of cities sack'd and kingdoms desolate,
With plague or sword, with pestilence or war,
Ne rueful murder stain thy era-date.

Thompson. An Hymn to May.
E-RA'DIATE, v. Į Lat. e, and radius, from
}the Or. "Papãos, virga, and
thence transferred to other things which resemble
longitudinem virga, (the length of the rod,) and
among these, to the lines which the sun throws
forth or emits. See IRRADIATE.

To throw forth, eject or emit, (sc.) like rays from the sun.

A kind of life eradiating and resulting both from intellect and Psyche. More. Notes on Psychozoia.

He first supposeth some eradiation and emanation of spirit, or secret quality, or whatsoever, to be directed from our bodies to the blood dropped from it.


Hale. Remains, p. 288. Lat. Eradicare, (e, and radix, radicis, the root.) To pluck up the root, to root out. The Lat. Radix, Vossius thinks,

is from the Gr. 'Padi, a branch; nor is he de-
terred by the difference of usage: for as the
upper part of the tree spreads itself in branches,
so the lower disperses in fibres (quasi ramulis)
through the earth.

roots, to destroy utterly; to exterminate.
To root up or out; to pluck or tear up by the

Since I must now eradicate the flame,

Which, seeing you, love in my bosome plac'd, And the desires, which thus long could last, Kindled so well, and nourish'd in the same. Colton. Sonnet, out of AstreaThe third affirmeth the roots of mandrakes do make a noise, or give a shreek upon eradication; which is indeed ridiculous and false, below confute.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c 6. The first work, therefore, that a man must do, to make himself capable of the good of solitude, is, the very eradication of all lusts; for how is it possible for a man to enjoy himself, while his affections are tied to things without himDryden. The Hind and the Panther. self?-Cowley. Ess. Of Solitude.

For real, as you now the word expound,
From solid substance dwindles to a sound."

Which case, because it seldom or never falls out to agree In all circumstances, with the case of any other sinful people, cannot lawfully prescribe to the eradicating of any other (though in our opinion never so great) enemies of God, until it appear as demonstrably to us, as it did to those Israelites, that it was the will of God they should be so dealt with.-Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 589.

Whereas no kind of institution will be sufficient to eradi. cate these natural notions out of the minds of men.

Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. i. c. 4.

It usually begins to work early, and does it without causing near so much straining as vulgar emetics; and yet makes copious evacuations, eradicative of the morbific matter. Boyle Works, vol. v. p. 386.

Thus sometimes eradicatives are omitted, in the beginning requisite; as in violent motions of the matter; specially to the more noble parts; then, how absurd to rest in lenitives. Whitlock. Manners of the English, p. 88.

And it were highly to be wished, that legislative power would thus direct the law rather to reformation than severity. That it would seem convinced that the work of eradicating crimes is not by making punishments familiar, but formidable.-Goldsmith. Vicar of Wakefield, c. 27.

Hence an attempt to eradicate religious fears, may be destructive to a principle of action, which is not only natural in itself, but has proved highly beneficial. What is the proper inference? That it is the province of true philosophy to give these principles a right direction, and a due influence, and it will then rejoice that a total eradication has not been accomplished.

Cogan. Ethical Treatise. On the Passions, Dis. 3.

ERA'SE, v. Lat. Erad-ere, asum, to scrape ERA'SURE.


To scrape out, to scratch out; to rub out, to obliterate.

Erased, in Heraldry, signifies any bearing violently torn off, in contradistinction to couped, which means cleanly cut off.

Dragg'd out through straiter holes by th' ears,
Eras'd, or coup'd for perjurers.-Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 3.

A king is ever surrounded by a crowd of infamous flatterers, who find their account by keeping him from the least light of reason, till all ideas of rectitude and justice are erased from his mind.

Burke. A Vindication of Natural Society.

The most degenerate and horrid practice among the ancients, of exposing infants, was universal; and had almost erased morality from the minds of the best instructed, and Instinct from the breasts of the most tenderly affected.

Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. ii. s. 4.

Habit, therefore, previously formed, would for some time preserve a respect for the records of the ancient church, when the pure religion was forsaken. And while this habit operated, fear would prevent any corruptions of them by wilful mutilation, changes, or erasures.

Horsley. Diss. on Prophesies of the Messiah.

ERE. Goth. Air; A. S. Er, prius, dudum, ERST. first, before. (See ER, and ARE.) A. S. Erista, primus. Junius says, that er was formerly applied to the morning; that is, the beginning or anterior part of the day; and was afterwards extended to any other precedent or antecedent time. See EARLY.

Ere is used prefixed, as ere-long, ere-now.
Erst is, Er-est. See EST.

The Kyng Egbrygt adde ybe kyng thre and thrytty ger,
That fole of Denemarch hyder com, as yt adde ydo er.
R. Gloucester, p. 259.
Ich seyh nevr palme, with pyk ne with shrippe
Asken after hym er now. Piers Plouhman, p. 120.

Er it was day, as she was wont to do,
She was arisen, and all redy dight.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1043.

And therfore wold I maken you disport
As I said erst, and don you some comfort.

Id. The Prologue, v. 778.

Valerian gan fast unto hire swere,
That for no cas, ne thing that might be,
He shulde never to non bewaien here;
And then at erst thus to him saide she.

Id. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15,619.

In harte I waxt so wonder gale
That I was neuer erst, er that daie
So iolife, nor so we bego,
Ne mery in harte, as I was tho.-Id. Rom. of the Rose.

And the colour, whiche erste was pale

To beautee than was restored.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.

That gappe haue I stopped already that he shall sticke still at a stake and reste his bones in the bushes ere euer he geat out there.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 528.

A great quarreller and fray maker, glad when he may be at defiance with one or other, he made such shiftes for money ere-now, that I maruaile how he hath liued till this day.-Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, p. 95.

From his pavillion, where he sat in state,
Armd for the siege, and buckling on his shield,
Brave Henry sends his herald to the gate,
By trumpet's sound to summon them to yield,
And to accept his mercy, ere too late.

Drayton. The Battle of Agincourt.
Should we defer it,

I think ere-long, he will believe, and strongly
The Dauphin is not worthy of her.

Massinger. The Unnatural Combat, Act iii. sc. 2.
Then when I am thy captive talk of chaines,
Proud limitarie Cherub, but ere-then
Far heavier load thyself expect to feel
From my prevailing arm.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv.
It cannot be
But that success attends him; if mishap,
Ere-this he had return'd, with fury driv'n
By his avengers.
Id. Ib. b. x.
And fabled, how the Serpent, whom they call'd
Ophion, with Eurynome, the wide-
Encroaching Eve, perhaps, had first the rule,
Of High Olympus, thence by Saturn driv'n
And Ops, ere-yet Dictæan Jove was born.-Id. Ib.
For, since the red crosse knight he erst did weet
To been with Guyon knit in one consent,
The ill which earst to him, he now to Guyon meant.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3.

Those thick and clammy vapours which erst-while ascended in such vast measures, and had filled the vault of heaven with smoak and darkness, must at length obey the laws of their nature and gravity, and so descend again in abundant showers, and mingle with the subsiding ashes, which will constitute a mudd vegetative and fertile.

Glanvill. Pre-existence of Souls, c. 14.

Now were the fields overspread with the bodies of slain men, and strewed thick with armour, ere-while so brave and glorious.-Holland. Livivs, p. 344.

He pensive oft reviews the mighty dead,

That erst have trod this desolated ground; Reflects how here unhappy Sal'sbury bled,

When faction aim'd the death-dispensing wound. Langhorn. Written among the Ruins of Pontefract Castle.

I who ere-while have worn the chain

Of many a fair-one for a day,
Then flung the flowery band away,
Am now involv'd and fetter'd fast
In links that will for ever last.

Fawkes. Odes of Anacreon. The Dream, Ode 45. ERE CT, v. ERE CT, adj. ERECTING, n. ERECTION. ERE'CTNESS. ERECTOR.

Fr. Eriger; It. Ergere, erigere; Lat. Erigere, (e, and regere,) to rule or order.

To set upright, to rise or raise upright; to set up, to lift up, to raise or elevate.

And saw wel that the shadow of every tree
Was as in lengthe of the same quantitee
That was the body erect, that caused it,
And therfore by the shadow he toke his wit.

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Prologue, v. 4429. Now there is no building of pillars, no erecting of arches, no blasing of armes, that doth more set forth a man's name, then doth the encrease of children.

Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, p. 46.

The trifoile, against raine, swelleth in the stalk; and so standeth more upright; for by wet, stalkes doe erect; and leaves bow downe.-Bacon. Naturall History, s. 827. Then, Fortune, thou art guilty of his deed, That didst his state above his hopes erect; And thou must bear the blame of his great sin, That left'st him worse than when he did begin. Daniel. Civil Wars, b. i. Whose first part may be true; if we take erectness strictly, and so as Galen hath defined it, for they onely, saith he, have an erect figure, whose spine and thigh bone are carried in right lines; and so indeed of any we yet know man onely is erect.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 1.

As for the end of this erection, to look up toward heaven; though confirmed by several testimonies, and the Greek etymologie of man, it is not so readily to be admitted. Id. Ib. This was in the yeare after the birth of our Sauiour 203, from the creation of the world 4170, and after the first erection of the Scotish kingdome 330.

Holinshed. Scotland, an. 203. For birds, they generally carry their heads erectly like man, and have advantage in their upper eye-lid.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 1.

We see this in Roboam s young councellors, who were not only the mediate instruments of rendering the kingdome, but also in some relation, were the erectors of Jeroboam's Calves.-Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 9. s. 2.

When eager for the course each nerve he strains,
Hangs on the bit, and tugs the stubborn reins,
At every shout erects his quivering ears,
And his broad breast upon the barrier bears.

Rowe. Lucan, b. 1.

Our Panther, though like these she changed her head,
Yet as the mistress of a monarch's bed,
Her front erect with majesty she bore,
The crosier wielded, and the mitre wore.

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther. Whereas the other was to be diffused throughout the world, and to endure together with it; that is, to be, indeed, what we find it not long after its first erection styled, the Catholic Church.-Atterbury, vol. i. Ser. 4.

Round her throne,

Erected in the bosom of the just,
Each Virtue, listed, forms her manly guard.

Young. The Complaint, Night 8.

By an unanimous vote of the court (of Directors of the East India Company) it was resolved, that a monument to his [Sir William Jones] memory should be ordered, for the purpose of being erected in Saint Paul's Cathedral, with a suitable inscription, and that a statue of Sir William Jones should be prepared at the expence of the Company, and sent to Bengal with directions for its being placed in a proper situation there.-Life of Sir W. Jones, by Lord Teignmouth.

The only measure that can be of any essential service, is the erection of several spacious parish churches, capable of receiving very large congregations, and affording decent accommodations for the lower and inferior, as well as the higher, orders of the people.-Porteus, vol. i. Lect. 8. (Note.) Lat. Eremita; Gr. Epnurη, from Epnuos, a desert.


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And ermytes and monckes of other studes bysyde
Bede God, that the Brutons the maystrye moste bytyde.
R. Gloucester, p. 235.

In abit az an ermite, unholy of workes
That wente forthe in the world.-Piers Plouhman, p. 1.

Au eremite in Italie, professing a maruailous straight life, and eschewing the citie, dwelt in a deserte, where he made him selfe a caue, wrought by his owne hands with spade and shouell.-Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, p. 152.

Thou Spirit who ledst this glorious eremite
Into the desert, his victorious field
Against the spiritual foe, and broughtst him thence
By proof the undoubted Son of God, inspire,
As thou art wont, my prompted song else mute.
Milton. Paradise Regained, b. i.

An old physician had in his custody a leaden box, which as he affirmed, was found in the ruins of an old eremitage, as it was a repairing.-Skelton. Don Quixote, p. 136.

Saint Bertilin was a Britton of a noble birth; and led an eremiticall life in the woods near Stafford.

Fuller. Worthies. Staffordshire,

So much, as doing good, is better than not doing evill, will I account Christian good fellowship better than an eremilish and melancholike solitariness.

Bp. Hall. Meditations & Vows, Cont. 1. More blest the life of godly cremite, Such as on lonely Athos may be seen, Watching at eve upon the giant height.

Byron. Childe Harold, c. 2. s. 27. Here with a few companions he revived or augmented the primitive austerity of the Benedictine order, intermixed with its rule some portion of the eremitical life, and laid the foundation of the congregation called, from its principal monastery, Camaldulensis or Camaldolese.

Eustace. Classical Tour through Italy, vol. iii. c. 11. E'RIACH. The examples explain this E'RIC. word.

As, for example, in the case of murder, the Brehon, that is their judge, will compound between the murderer and the friends of the party murdered, which prosecute the action. that the malefactor shall give unto them, or to the child, or wife of him that is slain, a recompence, which they call an eriach. Spenser. View of the State of Ireland.

The Irish, who never had any connections with the Ger man nations, adopted the same practice till very lately; and the price of a man's head was called among them his eric; as we learn from Sir John Davis.

Hume. Hist. of England, vol. i. p. 220. App. 1. E'RMINE, v. E'RMINE, n. E'RMELINE.


Fr. Ermine, upon which Sir Philip Sidney bestows the expressive epithet of Hatespor,

Kay, Kyng of Aunges, a thousend knygtes nome Of noble men, yclothed in ermyne echone.

R. Gloucester, p. 191.

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The men of Rutland, to them marching nigh,
In their rich ensign bear an ermin ram.

Drayton. The Battle of Agincourt.

On the first day of which parlement, the lord deputie, representing hir maiesties person, was conducted and attended in most honorable manner vnto Christes Church, and from thense vnto the parlement house: where he sat vnder the cloth of estate, being apparelled in the princelie robes of crimson veluet doubled or lined with ermin.

Holinshed. Ireland, an. 1568.

And on his shield enueloped seuenfold He bore a crowned little ermilin,

That deckt the azure field with her faire pouldred skin. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 2.

Fair yokes of ermilines, whose colours pass

The whitest snows on aged Grampius' face,
More swift than Venus' birds this chariot guided
To the astonish'd bank.-Drummond. Sonnets, pt. i. s. 13.

Should a monkey wear a crown,

Must I tremble at his frown?
Could I not through all his ermine,
Spy the strutting, chattering vermin.

Swift. To a Lady, (1726.)
Self-flattering sex! your hearts believe in vain
That Love shall blind, when once he fires the swain;
Or hope a lover by your faults to win,
As spots on ermine beautify the skin.

The pape of ther erroure had fulle grete pite,
He sent to ther socoure tuo legates ouer the se.

R. Brunne, p. 211.
But for I am a lewed man, paraunter I myghte
Passen par aduenture, and in some poynt erren.
Piers Plouhman. Crede.
What semeth to you, if thir weren to a man an hundrid
scheep and oon of hem hath errid, wher he schal not leve
ninty and nyne in desert, and schal go to feche that that
erride.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 18.

Jhesus answeride and saide to hem, Ye erren, not knowynge the Scripturis ne the vertue of God.-Id. Ib. c. 22.

Right so betwix a titleles tiraunt
And an outlawe, or else a thefe erraunt,
The same, I say, ther is no difference.

Chaucer. The Manciples Tale, v. 17,173.

And there he saw, with ful auisement
The erratike sterres, herkening armony
With sownes ful of heuines melody.-Id. Troilus, b. v.
Trewly al were it but to shend erronious opinions, I may
it no lenger suffer.-Id. The Testament of Loue, b. ii.

Youre conseil as in this cas ne shulde not (as to speke Collins. Oriental Eclogues, Ecl. 1. proprely) be called a conseilling, but a motion, or a meving of folie, in which conseil ye han erred in many a sondry wise.-Id. The Tale of Melibeus.

Fur gown, gold chain, or regal robe, Which rules, in ermin'd state the globe.

Whitehead. The Goat's Beard.

For, brandishing the rod, she doth begin

To loose the brogues, the stripling's late delight!
And down they drop; appears the dainty skin,
Fair as the furry-coat of whitest ermilin.

Shenstone. The School-mistress.

"Fr. Eroder,


ERODE, v. Lat. Erodere; e, and rod-ere, ERO'SION. Sto gnaw. gnaw off or about; to eat into."

It hath been antiently received, that the sea hare [air] hath an antipathy with the lungs, (if it commeth neer the body,) and erodeth them.-Bacon. Naturall History, s. 983. This affects ulcers of ill condition, where the membranes and tendons are eroded.—Wiseman. Surgery, b. fi. c. 1.

If that erosion be with jagged and callous lips, it is at least

virulent. Id. Ib.

The people here [Santa Cruz] believe it [Euphorbia Canariensis] to be so caustic as to erode the skin.

Cooke. Third Voyage, b. i. c. 2.

EROGATION. Lat. Erogare, atum, (rog-are, from opey-ew, to stretch, to reach after, and thus, to seek.) See ABROGATE, and DEROGATE.

To seek, (sc.) money for the public expenses; erogare legem, to enact a law, (sc.) for the advancement of such money; and then, generally

To grant money; to bestow, to give or grant. For to the acquirynge of science belongeth understandyng and memorye, which, as a treasory, hath power to retayne, and also to erogate, and dystribute, when opportunitie happeneth.-Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b. iii. c. 22.

Touching the wealth of England, it never appeared so much by publick erogations and taxes, which the long parliament raised: insomuch, that it may be said the last king was beaten by his own image more than any thing else. Howell, b. iv. Let. 47. EROTICAL. Gr. EpwTikos, (from epws, love,) that can or may love.

And so doth Jason Pratensis, c. 19, De Morb. Cerebri, (who writes copiously of this eroticall love) place and reckon it amongst the affections of the braine.

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But surely they are in good case, for it is ynough for them to saye, thus it is, and neade neuer to shew any cause or reason why they so say, for they are the churche and cannot erre: so that yf they teache contrary thinges, yet al is good ynough.-A Boke made by John Fryth, fol. 67.

Now his felowes can say, and taught that errand traitour

Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, upon the scaffolde, hoping on pardō of life, to declare upon his unlearned learning, and cobred conscyence, that the truthe hath bene banished, and England diuided from the Catholike faithe and churche, these xvi. years.

Bp. Gardner. True Obedience. Translator to the Reader.

God I take to record I neuer (to my knowledge) taught any erronious doctrine, but onely these things which the Scripture leade me vnto, and that in my sermons I neuer maynteyned any errour, neither moued, nor gaue occasio of any insurrection.-The Life of Doctour Barnes.

Before all the worlde the exacte sentence of God shal be

opened, whiche shall neyther erroniously nor partially pronounce, as men are wont to doe, but as a moste vprighte iudge, and one that knoweth all thinge.-Udal. Rom. c. 2.

They can scarse suffer priuiledges, that is to say, licence to spoile our citizens, giuen them by our forefathers, and brought in by errorfull custome to be taken from them. Fox. Martyrs, p. 990. A Protestation, &c.

Then blame me not if I haue err'd in count
Of gods, of nymphs, of riuers yet vnread:
For though their numbers do much more surmount,
Yet all those same were there which erst I did recount.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 12.

The causes of error are, 1st. ignorance, either of right or fact. For no other division of ignorance can concern the relation of an erring conscience.

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. i. c. 3. Rule 1. And at his warning, Whether in sea or fire, in earth or ayre, Th' extravagant and erring spirit hyes To his confine.

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. 1.

Sometimes he [the Devil] tempts by covetousnesse, drunkennesse, pleasure, pride, &c. erres, dejects, saves, kils, protects, and rides some men, as they do their horses. Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 56.

It is therefore a safe advice (considering the errableness of our judgments, when extended to foreign and remote subjects) to contain them, as much as may be, within those terms where they may be exercised with the most certaintie, which is, in our own interiour state; and to point them to that mark whither they may carry level (as it were) and so much the surer, that is, to the universal justice and equitie of God.-Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 4. s. 4.


As knots, by the conflux of meeting sap,
Infect the sound pine, and diuerte his graine
Tortiue and errant from his course of growth.

Shakespeare. Troil. & Cress. Act i. sc 8.
Now she deuis'd amongst the warlike route
Of errant knights, to seeke her errant knight;
And then againe resolv'd to hunt him out
Amongst loose ladies, lapped in delight.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 6. Our champion takes the alarm, and catches at his sword to assault the lady, contrary to all the rules of knight errantry.-Glanvill. Witchcraft, p. 128.

And therefore come not forth in generations erratical, [in some ed. erratically] or different from each other. Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 6.

Y' are now transcrib'd, and publicke view
Pursuing finds the copy true,
Without erratas new crept in

Fully compleat and genuine.-Cartwright. To Mr. W. B. An erroneous conscience commands us to do what we ought to omit; or to omit what we ought to do, or to do it otherwise than we should.

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. i. c. 3. Rule 1. Yea, this sincerity of life though severed from true profession, did seem such a jewel in the eyes of some of the ancient fathers, that their opinion was, and so have they in their writings (erroneously doubtless) yet have they testified it, that God hath in store for such men not only this mitigating mercy of which but now I spoke, but even saving grace so far forth as to make them possessors of his kingdom. Hales. Rem. Ser. Rom. xiv. 1.

Vntill that Brutus antiently deriu'd

From royall stock of old Assarac's line,
Driuen by fatall errour, heere arriu'd,
And them of their vniust possessions depriued.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 10. Errours of themselves are infirmities of the understanding, and not enormities of the will: for no man is willing to be deceived so that they ought not to be the objects of our hatred, but our pity.-Glanvill, Ser. 2.

I know it is doubted, whether a bare error in judgment can condemn but since truths absolutely necessary to salvation are so clearly revealed, that we cannot err in them, unless we be notoriously wanting to ourselves; herein the fault of the judgment is resolved into a precedent default in the will: and so the case is put out of doubt.

South, vol. i. Ser. 3.

If you miscarry, you are lost so far
(For there's no erring twice in love and war)
You'll ne'er recover, but must always wear
Those chains you'll find it difficult to bear.

Pomfret. Love Triumphant over Reason.

A generous disdain and reflection, upon how little he deserv'd from so excellent a father, reformed the young man, and made Edward from an errant rake become a fine gentleman.-Taller, No. 9.

What more probable uses, then, to perform the office of so many suns? that is, to enlighten and warm so many systems of planets; after the manner as our sun doth the erraticks, encompassing it. And that this is the use and office of the fixt stars is probable.-Derham. Astro-Theology, b. ii. c. 2.

High o'er the main two rocks exalt their brow,
The boiling billows thundering roll below;
Through the vast waves the dreadful wonders move,
Hence nam'd erratick by the Gods above.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xii. When a man hath true notions of his duty, or of what is lawful or unlawful, we say that he hath a right conscience; but we do not say he hath a good conscience upon that

account. And so when a man is misinformed as to the goodness or badness of an action, that we call an erroneous conscience but it doth not therefore follow, that it is always an evil conscience.-Sharp, vol. iii. Ser. 16.

The very suppressing and hardning themselves against the thought of their true end, is in order to their present peace and quiet, which they do erroneously substitute in the room of their chief end.-Wilkins. Nat. Řeligion, b. ii. c. 1.

I have given you so plain an account of the popish doctrine in this matter [satisfaction and purgatory] and have so plainly confuted it from the Scripture, that I hope the most ordinary capacity may understand it, and be satisfied of the erroneousness of it.-Sharp, vol. vii. Ser. 8.

Knowledge being to be had only of visible certain truth, error is not a fault of our knowledge, but a mistake of our judgment, giving assent to that which is not true.

Locke. Of Hum. Underst. b. iv. c. 20. From his airy couch

He stoop'd sublime, and touching with his hand My dazzling forehead, "Raise thy sight," he cry'd, "And let thy sense convince thy erring tongue."

Akenside. The Pleasures of Imagination, b. îl

And preaches like an errant Fury,
Gainst all the show folks about Drury,
Says actors are all hellish imps,
All managers the Devil's pimps.

4 X

Lloyd. To Garrick, (1981.)

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