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ESLOIN. Fr. Esloigner, to remove,
See E/SPERANCE. “Fr. Espérance, -hope, trust,

But whan thou hast for hire, and thee, and wc, Elois. confidence, affiance,” (Cotgrave.) From Espérer,

Ygeten us these kneding tubbes thre,

Than shalt thou hang hem in the roofe ful hie, As appears in an old report where one was committed to hope; Lat. Sper-are.

That no mar of our perveyance espie. for esloigning a ward into Wales. O jeste, vnto thy very foes

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 8968 Draylon. Poly-Olbion, s. 7. Illustr. for whether may haue more,

The mother of the Soudan, well of vices, ESMA'IE. “Fr. Esmayer, s'esmayer, to be sad, (If Fortune frowne and grefes grow on)

Espied hath hire sones pleine entente,

esperance to his store ?Drant. Horace, b. il. Sat. 2. How he wol lete his olde sacrifices, pensive, astonied, careful; to take thought,'

Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4744. (Cotgrave.) See Dismay.

- And heere I draw a sword,
Whose worthy temper I intend to staine

Thou spake right now of thilke traitour deth,
But Jason wolde not hym esmaie
With the best blood that I can meete withall,

That in this contree all our frendes fleth;
And saide: of euery worldes cure
In the aduenture of this perillous day:

Have here my trouth as thou art his espie;
Fortune stant in auenture
Now Esperance, Percy, and set on.

Tell wher he is, or thou shalt it abie.
Paranter wele, paranter wo.
Gower. Con. 4. b. v.
Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Hen. IV. Act v. sc. 2.

Id. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12,689. E'SOTERY.

Wherfore, Melibeus, this is oure sentence; we conseille
Lat. Esotericus, from Erw-

When Henry Hotspur, so with his high deeds inflam'd,
Doth second him again, and through such dangers press,

you aboven alle thing, that right anon thou do thy diligence EsoteriCK. Dev, inward, within. See That Douglas's valiant deeds he inade to seem the less,

in keeping of thy propre persone, in swiche a wise that thou Esote'RICALLY. Eroterick, and the quotation As still the people cried, A Percy esperance.

ne want non espie, ne watche, thy body for to save.

Id. Tale of Melibeu. there from Search.

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 22.
The first example explains the usage.
ESPIRITUAL, i. e. spiritual, (qv.)

He had a sompnour redy to his hond,

slier boy was non in Englelond; The philosophy of the Pythagoreans, like that of the other So faire it was, that trusteth well

For subtiltie he had his espiaille. sects, was divided into the exoteric and esoteric; the open, It semed a place espirituell.---Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.

Id. The Freres Tale, v. 6905. taught to all; and the secret, taught to a select number.

For espyall and mystrowynges
Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. ii. Note (BB.) ESPOUSE, v. Fr. Espouser; It. Sposare; Thei did than such thynges
The first observation I shall make on this long passage is,
Espo/usAL, a. Lat. Spondere, sponsum;

That euery man might other know.-Gower. Con. A. b. vi. that the same subject, namely, the nature of superior beings, EspoʻUSAL, adj. which Vossius says, ex eo est, He had knowlege by his espialles, that the Prêche army was handled in a two-fold manner; exoterically; and then EspoʻUSER.

quia sponderent in orovon, intended to land in the Isle of Wight, wherefore he repaired the discourse was of the national Gods: esoterically; and quo libatio, vel libamen, item fædus notatur. Nam

to that cost, to se his realme defēded. then it was of the first cause of all things. 2. That the ex

Hall. Hen. VIII. an. 37. oferic teaching admitted fable and falsehood, fabulosa vel in fædere libabant, quod EVDELY, Græcis; to licita : the exteric only what the teacher believed to be make libations, (sc.) by way of pledge, treaty, or

Likewise the huntesman, in hunting the foxe, will sone

espie, when he seeth a hole, whether it be the foxe borough true, nihil fabulosum penitus.-Id. 16. b. iii. s. 2. engagement.

or not.-Wilson. The Arte of Logike, fol. 37. ESPA’LIER. “ Fr. Espalier,—an hedgerow Fr. Espouser,--to wed, to marry; also, to de.

But still when him at hand she did espy, of sundry fruit-trees set close together, their fend, embrace, undertake, entertain as his own;

She turnd, and semblaunce of faire tight did make; boughs interlaced one within another, and held in take wholly upon him, (Cotgrave.)

But when he stayd, to flight againe she did her take.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 7.
with stakes, rales, or pales,” (Cotgrave.) And see And eke vpon hir lorde she thought,
Of that he so vatruely wrought,

Which well I proue, as shall appeare by triall,
And had his espousaile broke,

To be this maides with whom I fastned hand,
From yon old walnut-tree a shower shall fall;
She maketh a uowe it shall be wroke.--Gower. Con. A. b. v.

Knowne by good markes and perfect good espial: And grapes long-lingring on my only wall

Therefore it ought be rendred her without denial. And tigs from standard and espalier join. And in ye moneth of January next ensuynge, and ix. daye

Id. 16. b. v. c. 4. Pope. Horace, Sat. 2. of the same kynge, Phylip spoused his second wyfe Blaunche,

When the Romans were come first by great journies to sometyme the doughter of the Quene of Navarñ, lately revenge the losse of their countrimen, and to recover the Here, shelter'd from the north his ripening fruits

dissesid, which was suster vnto the Erle of Foyz; which Display their sweet temptations from the wall,

colonie, their espials and vaunt-couriours whome they liad espousayles were secretly done in the manour of Robt. Erle Or from the gay espalier. Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2. of Bray-Fubyan, Philippi, an. 349.

sent out dispersed along the high waies, brought word, that

the legions of the Samnites followed. ESPECIAL. Fr. Espèce, a kind or sort. We love our friends, because they are our image, and we

Holland. Lirivs, p. 329. ESPECIALLY. Especiel;

; par especial, espe- opinion being thus wedded to the intellect; the case of our

love our God, because we are his. So then, the beloved At length two monsters of unequal size, Espe'CIALNESS. cially, particularly, peculiarly. espoused self becomes our own.

Hard by the shore, a fisherman espies,

Two mighty whales ! which swelling seas had tost Lat. Specialis, from species. See Special.

Glanvill. Vanity of Dogmatizing, c. 13. And left them prisoners on the rocky coast. Particular, peculiar, principal or chief, distin- In the interim the earl was commanded not to deliver the

Waller. The Battle of the Summer Islands, c. 2. guished.

aforesaid proxy of the prince for the disposorios or espousal, Soon was the fatal Saracen espied,
until Christmas.--Howell, b. i. . 3. Let. 27.

Known by his foreign arms and scaly hide;
And then shuln ye kepe this for a general reule. First

Where weak old age, and those unnery'd with fear, ye shuln clepe to youre conseil a few of youre frendes that After she was layd, there came in Maximilian's ambassa

To catch each rumour lent a trembling ear. dour with letters of procuration, and in the presence of ben especial.-Chaucer. The Tale of Melibcus.

Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. xvi. sundry noble personages, men and women, put his legge But now wold I fain that ye wold condescend in especial, (strip't naked to the knee) betweene the espousall sheets.

Secure, unpoted, Conrad's prow pass'd by, and telle me how liketh you or what seemeth you by oure

Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 80.

And anchor'd where his ambush meant to lie ;
conseillours that we han chosen in oure present nede.
Thereupon, hoping that a parliament would espouse his

Screen'd from espiol by the jutting cape,
Id. Ib.
quarrel, and furnish him with money for the carrying on of

That rears on high its rude, fantastic shape.
There was together wyth others, Dumnorix the Heduan, his design, he summoned one to meet at Westminster, on

Byron. The Corsair, c. I. of whom we haue spoken before, him in especiallye Cesar the 3d of April 1640.--Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 7, ESQUI'RE. Fr. Escuyer; It. Scudiero; Sp. determined to haue with him, bicause he knew him to be a man desyrous of alteration, and desyrous of souereinty, of A due expression of asperity against the enemies of God, ) Escudero; Lat. Scutiger or scutifer, from the Lat. great courage, and of great authority, amonge the Galles. the king and the publick peace, is not the reviling men- Scutum, a shield. See the quotation from Holin

Golding. Cæsar, fol. 111.

tioned or intended in the text, the scene of which is properly shed.

private revenge, not a zealous espousal of the publick injuBut I being somewhat acquainted with the world, haue ties.-South, vol. viii. Ser. 7. found out another sort of men, whom of all others I would

Which Alexãder not only graunted, but willed a weapo be loch should reade any of my doinges, especially such In Rome had you espous’d the vanquish'd cause,

to be deliuered to hys hāds, as other esquiers vsed. things as cither touched Christ, or any good doctrine. Inflam'd her senate and upheld her laws,

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 172. Wilson. The Arle of Rhetorique, Prol, to the Reader. Your manly scenes had liberty restor'd,

After his esquire or armour-bearer that stucke close to his For plaine it is, that the state allowed and gave rings only And given the just success to Cato's sword.

side was wounded, himselfe covered with a rouse of shields to certain especiall lieutenants when they were to go in em

Philips. To Mr. Addison, on Cato. couched close together, escaped this great danger and debassage to forraine nations.--llolland. Plinie, b. xxxiii. c. l. The espousers of that unauthorized and detestable scheme parted.-Holland, Ammianus, p. 253.

have been weak enough to assert, that there is a knowledge Lat. But wondrous strange, that any difference, in the elect, peculiar to those chosen vessels.

Esquire (which we call commonly Squire) is a French Especially of such a deadly nature,

Alien. Ser. p. ll. July 19, 1761.

word, and so much in Latine as scutiger rel armiger, and Should e'er divide 80 eminent a friendship.

such are all those that bear armes, or armoires, testimonies Massinger. The Parliament of Lore, Act v. sc. 1. Great, gracious master, whose unbounded sway,

of their race from whence they be descended. They were at Felt thro' ten thousand worlds, those worlds obey;

the first costerels or bearers of the armes of barons or knights, Your precious diamond in especialness. Wilt thou for once thy awfull glories shade,

and thereby being instructed in martiall knowledge, had Loa Blisse of Brighest Beautie, a Sermon, (1614,) p. 25. And deign t'espouse the creature thou hast made. that name for a dignity giuen to distinguish them from

Langhorne. The Duchess of Mazarine. common souldiers, called Gregorii milites, when they were And therefore that which Saint Paul thought of so great

together in the field. - Holinshed. Desc. of England, b. ii, c. 6. importance. as to give especial orders to Timothy, to press upon the Ephesian citizens, will always be very fit to be

But his wife and his children are dear to him (the incumseriously recommended to you in this place; and more espe

qv) Fr. Espier; It. Spiare ; bent) and have an equal right, by all the laws of God and cially ai this time, since it is the proper work of the day.

Espr'al. Sp. Espiar ; Dut. Spien, speuren,

man, to be fed and clothed with those of the esquire of Sharp. Works, vol. I. p. 90. EspI'ER. spieden; Ger. Spaeher, spueren,

farmer, who litigates his claim.--Knox, Ess. 10. Abraham, the father of the faithful, and especial friend of spuehren ; A. s. Spyrian, which' Somner inter- ESSAY, v. See Assay. Fr. Essayer; Sp. God, was called out of his country, and from his kindred, to prets, vestigare, investigare, indagare, exquirere, E'SSAY, n. wander in a strange land, and lodge in tents, without any scrutari, explorare ; to search out by the track or

Ensayar ; It. Assaggiare ; all

E'SSAYER. fixed habitation. --Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 8.

(as Skinner thinks) from the trace, to inquire, and make diligent search.

E'sSAYIST. In the character of Destroyer also we may look upon this

Lat. Sapere. Menage, from ad, Indi in Desey as corresponding with the strician Jove or seek or search after, to watch, to detect, discover. I testimonium. "The Gemot sohton lease saga ;" ihe

To look out, to observe or behold, to see; to and sapor. But the A. s. Sage is testis, and saga,
Pluto; especially since Cali, or Time in the feminine gender,
is a name of his consort, who will appear hereafter to be
Proserpine.--Sir W. Jones, Gods of Greece, Italy, f India.

just. ficlif. Luk, c. 20.
And thei_aspieden and senten aspieris that fayneden hem Council sought false witness. “Othre sage;" other

witnesses, (Matt. xxvi. 59 and 65.) The German


ESPY', v.
Espy', n.

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Sager is also testimonium dicere, to declare testi

He hath atchieu'd a maid

Withouten any essayne, Vengeance salle falle the not lite, mony, to give evidence. The A. S. adjective sug-ol That paragons description, and wilde fame.

Forsakes thou God's gyft, thou dos him grete despite.

One that excels the quirkes of blazoning pens,
iş veridious, one who gives a verdict (veredictum)
And in the essentiall vesture of creation,

R. Brunne, p. 104. or true saying. And thus the word is traced to Do's tyre the ingeniuer. --Shakes. Othello, Act ii. sc. I

He gaf a thousand mark, withouten essoyne.--Id. p. 136. the A. S. Secgan, asecgan, to say.

What fear we then? what doubt we to incense

But yet for strengthe of matrimonie
And to say, assay, or essay, is, consequentiaily, His utmost ire? which to the highth enrag'd,

He night make non essonie,
To prove, to take proof, to make triai, to try; Will either quite consume us, and reduce

That he ne inote algates plie
To nothing this essential, happier far

To go to bed of comparie.-Gower. Con. A. b. i. and further, to make trial or experiment, to at

Then miserable to have eternal being.

Ranging into their right and proper ray, tempt.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.

Errours, demurs, essoigns, and traverses;
Then to the stream, when neither friends, nor force,

The heads of hydra, springing out of death,
Thrones, dominations, princedoms, vertues, powers,
Nor speed, nor art avail, he shapes his course;

That gives this monster, malice, still new breath.
Thinks not their rage so desperate to essay
Essential powers, nor by his reign obscur'd,

Daniel.' To Sir Thomas Egerton.
But inore illustrious made.

Id. Ib. b. v.
An element more merciless than they.

But, with rejoinders or replies,
Denham. Cooper's Huil.

It can imply to us nothing but this, that our whole faith Long bills and answers stuff*d with lies,
He also, by his fingers, directed the standers-by to fetch is laid up in the Scriptures; and this faith is perfected, as

Demur, imparlence, and essoigne
him a great hollow stone for a font, which sundry of his to the essentiality of it, in the death and resurrection of

The parties ne'er could issue join. father's servants essayed in vain, as much above their Christ, as being the whole æconomy of our pardon and jus

Swist. Cadenus & Vanessa. strength, till the two priests (his designed godfathers) did tification.-Bp. Taylor. Liss. from Popery, pt. ii. b. i. $ 4. And thereon the Court sits to take essoigns or excuses for gve and fetch it easily at his appointment

such as do not appear according to the summons of the writ; Fuller. Worthies. Buckinghamshire. And the reason of this is not only that the substantialness

wherefore this is usually called the essoign day of the term. and essentiality of a proniise relates to the actual execution

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. in. c. 18. To write just treatises, requireth leisure in the writer, and of it, but farther, likewise, because often it falls out that leisure in the reader, and therefore are not so fit, neither in

the person promising may have honestly and faithfully EST. The termination of our superlative adj. regard of your highness's princely affairs, nor in regard of intended it, and promised it, and yet in the issue prove my continual service, which is the cause that hath made me unable to perform, as we see among men it often falls out;

and second pers. sing. of the verb :-Es-ed, es’d, choose to write certain brief notes set down rather signifi- and then in that case and respect the promise doth in reality est. cantly than curiously, which I have called Essays. The fall short of its eventual truth. word is late, but the thing is ancient; for Seneca's epistles

Goodwin. Justifying Faith, pt. i. b. i.

ESTA'BLISH, v. Fr. Establir; It. Siabito Lucilius, if you mark them well, are but Essays, that is,

Esta'bLISHER. lire; Sp. Establecer; Lat. dispersed meditations, though conveyed in the form of For howsoe'er disgraced she (Wisdom) doth seem

Esta'bLISHMENT. Stabilire, to make steadepistles.-Bacon. To Prince Henry.

Yet she her own is able to reward,
And none are so essentially high

fast, stabilis, from stare, to stand.
Such are all the essayists, even their master Montaigne. As those that on her bounty do rely.

To make steadfast or able to stand ; strong to B. Jonson. Discoveries.

Drayton. Pastorals, Ecl. 8. stand; to cause to stand firmly, or to hold fast Is there any equity or the least colour of reason in this ; for a man to take an essay of the nature of any species of

Carl. 'Tis an axiome in naturall philosophy, what comes

and firmly together; to set up firmly; to confirm, things from such particular instances, as in their kinds are

nearest the nature of that it feeds, converts quicker to to fix, to settle.
monstrous ?-Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. i. c 4.

nourishment, and doth sooner essentiate.
B. Jonson. Every Man out of his Humour, Act v. sc. 5.

For as, sayth Solomon; whoso that had the science to (Saith Tully) the essay (specimen) of any kind is rather to

know the peins that ben established and ordeined for sinne, be taken from the best and most usual, than from the worst If it were granted, that if it were simply necessary to the

he wold forsake sinne.-Chaucer. The Persones Tale. and most depraved part of it.-Id. Ib.

essentialing of a church, to be able to demonstrate in all I not no prelate may done so

times, both the visible number of professours of the truth, But it the Pope be, and no mo Tully was the first who observed that friendship improves as also a visible succession of pastours, we are able to demon- That made thilke establishing happiness and abates misery, by the doubling of our joy and strate both these, for our defence, to be as unquestionable in

Now is not this a propre thing ?-Id. Rom. of the Rose. dividing of our grief; a thought in which he hath been fol- our church as in the church of Rome. lowed by all the essayers upon friendship that have written

Hammond, Works, vol. ii. p. 701.

Now because they shall not of temeraryous presumpeyon since bis time.--Spectator, No. 68.

reiecte this olde faiher, I shall establyske his wordes by S. Yet such a tongue alike in vain essays

Essence may be taken for the very being of any thing, Austen.--A Boke made by John Fryth, fol. 35.

whereby it is, what it is. And thus, the real, internal, but To blot with censure or exalt with praise.

And this was chefely to occupy their ydell heades, whyles generally in substances, unknown constitution of things, Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. xxxviii, wherein their discoverable qualities depend, may be called

they were practysinge and bryngynge to passe other matters

for the full establyshmente of Antychristes reygne. Thus the fond swain his Doric oat essay'd, their essence. This is the proper original signification of

Bale. English Votaries, pt. ii.
Manhood's prime honours rising on his cheek:

the word, as is evident from the formation of it; essentia in
Trembling he strove to court the tuneful maid
its primary notation signifying properly being.

And thus of that charge of scepticism, with which he be-
With stripling arts.

Locke. llum. Underst. b. iii. c. 3. 8. 15. gins as the occasion of his writing ; having premised which, Mason. A Monody to the Memory of Mr. Pope.

he endeavours to lay the sure foundations of science, and to Painted for sight, and essenc'd for the smell,

establish certainty in knowledge.-Glanrill, Ess. 2. All the priests, all the loyalists, all the first essayists and Like frigates fraught with spice and cochinel, novices of revolution in 1789, that could be found, were pro- Sail in the ladies : how each pirate eyes

Some allow them as the first founders and establishers of miscuously put to death.

So weak a vessel, and so rich a prize.

them; which crime toucheth none but their popes, and Burke. Preface to M. Brissot's Address.

Pope. Satires of Donne, Sat. 4. councels; the people are cleere ana free from this.

Hooker. A Learned Discourse of Justification, &c.
"If then," said the gentleman, mustering up all his cou- They do not deny that we have all the essentials of true
rage, " if I am not to have admittance as an essayist, I hope

There he with Belge did awhile remaine,
churches, true doctrine, true sacraments, and an implicit
I shall not be repulsed as an historian; the last volume of

Making great feast and joyous merriment;
covenant between pastors and people.
my history met with applause.”—Goldsmith. A Reverie.

Vntill he had her settled in her raine,
Stillingfleet, vol. ii. Ser. 6.

With safe assuraunce and establishment.
E'SSENCE, v. Fr. n. Essence; It. Essen- The king principally insisted on that article concerning

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b, v. c. 11.
Essence, n. tia or essenza; Sp. Essencia ; | bishops, whom he accounted to be by divine right, or rather

I have beene always wont to commend and admire the
EssentiAL, N.
Lat. Essentia, corrupted essentially necessary to the support of arbitrary power.

humility of those great and profound wits, whom depth of

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 228.
Esse'ntial, adj.

knowledge hath not led to by-paths in judgment, but (walk-
from Existentia,(see Exist,)

ing in the beaten path of the church) have bent all their standing out, (sc.) from the For what can be more ridiculous, than to imagine that

forces to the establishment of received truths. EssentiA'LITY.

matter is as essentially conscious, as it is extended ? even, level or smooth sur

Clarke. On the Attributes, Prop. 10.

Bp. Hall, Meditations & Vowes, Cont. 2. Esse'NTIATE, v. face; and thus causing a

Oh, let us all close with the standing public methods Esse'sTIATING, N. (new or fresh) sensation.

We prosecuted the experiment so long without seeing any which God hath established in the church for the bringing

effect wrought upon the essence-bottles, that we began to And thus essence in its general application is equi- despair of seeing them rise.Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 59.

us to virtue and eternal bappiness; and not be hankering

after new and fanciful ways of our own chusing.
valent to (see To Be) the English word-
For these as for essentials we engage

Sharp, vol. i. Ser. 6.
Being; and it is also applied to certain sup-
In wars and massacres with holy rage ;

That also at last God being the author and establisher of posed causes, qualities or states of being. The Brothers by brothers' impious hands are slain,

nature, and the continual sustainer of it by his free provi. word becomes very puzzling in the hands of meta- Mistaken zea), how savage is thy reign !

dence, it is not likely that he will suffer the laws and course physicians. (See Locke, b. iii. c. 3, and seq.;) and

Jenyns. On the Immortality of the Soul. thereof to be much violated, except upon occasions very

considerable, and for very good purposes. see the quotations from him. It is in popular If the human race then be, as we may confidently assume,

Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 20. language applied toof one natural species, they must all have proceeded from

It was therefore most agreeable to the infinite wisdom of The smell , scent, odour, perfume; the princi- one pair; and if perfect justice be, as it is most indubitably,

an essential attribute of God, that pair must have been God for providing for a constant establishment of the faith pal, constituent, concentered qualities. gifted with sufficient wisdom and strength to be virtuous,

of his church in all ages, neither to permit the Gospels to be
and, as far as their nature admitted, happy, but intrusted written till the churches were planted, nor to be put off to
And yet minde I not that euerie merit should hereby be with freedom of will to be vicious, and consequently de- another generation.-Stillingfieet, vol. iv. Ser. 2.
vnderstanded, but onelye that whiche is recompensed by graded. --Sir W. Jones. Origin of Families and Nations. If such the operations of his power,
essentiall rewarde (as they call it) in heauen.
Fisher. On Prayer.

Which at all seasons and in ev'ry place
The literature of Asia will not, perhaps, be essentially use-

(Ruild by establish'd laws and current nature)
What wonder though the soul of man
ful to the greater part of mankind, who have neither leisure,

Arrest th' attention! Who? O who shall tell
(A sparke of heaven that shines below)
nor inclination to cultivate so extensive a branch of learn-

His acts miraculous,
Doth labour by all meanies it can,
ing.-Id. Pref. to a Gram. of the Persian Language.

Smart. On the Power of the Supreme Being.
H.ike to itselfe, itself to show ?
The heavenly essence, heaven would know.
ESSOIN. Fr. Essoine or Exoine, (from the

The authority, therefore, of a church-establishment is
Stirling. Choruses in the Tragedy of Cræsus, chor. 1. Lat. Exonerare, to relieve from a burden.)

founded in its utility; and whenever, upon this principle,

we deliberate concerning the form, propriety, or comparative How much more those essentiall parts of his,

* Fr. Eroiner,—to excuse one from appearing excellency of ditferent establishments, the single view under His truth, his loue, his wisedome, and his bliss,

in court or going to the wars, by oath, that he is which we ought to consider any of them, is that of a "scheme Ilis grace, his doome, his mercy, and his might, By which he lends vs of himselfe a sight. impotent, sick, or otherwise necessarily imployed," is instructions on the single

, end we ought to propose to them Spenser. Hymne to Heauenly Beautie. Cotgrave.)

, " and

knowledge."--Paley. Political Philosophy, vol. ii. c. 10. 709

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ESTATE, r. Fr. n. Estat ; It. Stato; Sp. Loke how much mony the men do receive wyth their Esteem is the value we place upon some degree of metbe Esta'te, n. Estado, from the Lat. Status, their own goods and lay so muche in valew therevnto,

wyues in name of their dowrie, they make an estimate of It is higher than simple approbation, which is a decision of EsTA'TELY. past part. of Stare, to stand.

judgment. Esteem is the commencement of affection. Estate or State (qv.) is applied to

Golding. Cæsar, fol. 158.

Cogan. On the Passions, c. 2. Class 2. All the categorical circumstances under which

Ther went such a report and estimatio of thys warte It is enough that your lordship sees I have my eye upon any thing stands, or exists, or by which it may be habited beyond the Rhine were sent ambassadors vnto among other barbarous people, that from such natiôs as in- some, the more estimable, nay the most accomplished cha

racters, that have been formed among ourselves; and that affected; more especially to the ran or condition, Cesar, profering to geue him hostages and do whatsoeuer he even so envied a thing, as a fine gentleman, has been the possessions or property; also, to the general shuld commaund them.-Id. 16. fol. 64.

fashioned on this side the water.Hurd, Dial. 8. establishment of Government.

They magnifye it, prayee it, and haue it in moste hyghe In a comparative estimate of genius, according to its kinds To estate (not a common verb) is to fix in a estimacion, yea, they haue it in muche more pryce than any and degrees, I should not hesitate to place Erasmus in the particular estate or condition; to settle an estate thynge that is of God.-Bale. Image, pt. ii.

same class with Lucian.-Knox, Ess. 132. or property; to condition.

But such, me seeme, should be satisfide with the use of No, dear as freedom is, and in my heart's Thanked be Fortune, and hire false whele,

those days, seeing all things accounted by their shows, and Just estimation priz'd above all price, That non estat ensureth to be wele.

nothing esteemed of, that is not delightfull and pleasing to I had much rather be myself the slave,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v.928.
commune sence.-Spenser. To Sir Walter Raleigh.

And wear the bonds, than fasten them on him.
And while she was dwelling in that cite
Nay, let a man look into the government of the Bishop of

Cowper. Task, b. il. She kept her estate, and of yong and old Rome, as by name, into the government of Pius Quinctus,

E'STIVAL.). From Lat. Æstas, from æstus, Ful wel beloued, and wel men of her told.

or Sextus Quinctus in our times, who were both at their
Id. Rom. of the Rose.
entrance estimed but as pedanticall fríars.

EstivaTION. Sheat. Cockeram writes, cesti-
Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. i. c. 2. s. 3. vate, to summer in a place; and æstival, of or

: It peined hire to contrefeten chere or court, and ben estatelich of manere, Which is the reason that to hold a place

belongi to summer. And to ben holden digne of reverence.

In council, which was once esteem'd an honour,
Id. The Prologue, v. 140. And a reward for virtue, hath quite lost

Besides vernal, æstival, and autumnal, made of flowers,
So manly was this Julius of herte,
Lustre and reputation, and is made

the ancients had also hyemal garlands.

Brown. Miscellaneous, p. 92. And so wel loved estally honestee,

A mercenary purchase. That though his dedly woundes sore smerte,

Massinger. The Bondman, Act i. sc. 3.

On the under story, toward the garden, let it be turned His mantel over his hippes caste he. Id. The Monkes Tale, v. 14,630. If we would be prevalent and esteemable, we ought with

into a grotto, or place of shade, or estivation. all our care to preserve that interest, which never can, but

Bacon. Ess. Of Building. And said : O mightie God of rest,

by our own neglect, be lost. Feltham, pt. ii. Resolve 55. Thou do vengeance of this debate,

ESTOPPED. i. e. stopped, (qv.) or stayed. My sister and all her estate A pound of man's flesh taken from a man,

For the legal application, see the quotation Thou wost. Gouer. Con. A. b. V. Is not so estimable, profitable neither,

from Blackstone.

As flesh of muttons, beefes, or goates. And when he perceaued that he must needs dye, he

Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act i. sc. 3. (Alexander) called for his noble estales (whiche had bene

Perceauyng that all succours were clerely estopped and brought vp with hym of chyldren) and parted his kyngdom

Their wisdom, which to present pow'r consents,

propulsed from them, and so brought into vtter despaire of amonge them, whyle he was yet aliue.

Live dogs before dead lions estimates.

aide or comforte: after longe consultacion had emongest Bible, 1551. The Machabees, b. i. c. 1.

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. iv. them, [they) determined to rendre the selues and their citie,

to the sayde kyng.--Hall. Hen. VII. an. 5. It is our faith that must raise our thoughts to a due esti- He reformed not the senate, mustered not the men of war, mation of our greatness, and must show us how highly we nor took any view or estimate of the people's goods, although And therefore a man shall always be estopped by his own are descended, how royally we are allied, how gloriously Luctatius Catulus was his colleague and fellow censor, as deed, or not permitted to aver or prove any thing in contraestated.-Bp. Hall. Holy Raplures, &c. gentle a person as any of that time that lived in Rome.

diction to what he has once so solemnly and deliberately

North. Plutarch, p. 472. avowed.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. ii. c. 20. This puppy, being left well estated, comes to Florence, that the world may take notice, how impossible it is for ex

Or as a wrongfull title, or foul crime perience to alter the course of nature. Made lawfull by a statute for the time,

E'STOVERS. From the Fr. Estoffer, as Beaum. & Fletch. The Fair Maid of the Inn, Act iii. sc. 1.

With reu'rend estimation blindes our eies

Blackstone says, after Spelman. “ Fr. Estoffer ; Till on a day, as through that wood he rode, And is called just, in spite of all the wise.

to stuff, to furnish or store with all necessaries,"

Beaumont. Against Abused Loue. He chanc't to come where those two ladies late,

(Cotgrave.) See Stuff. Besides the legal Aemilia and Amoret abode,

The estimative faculty, which is indeed no other than the application contained in the quotation from Both in full sad and sorrowfull estate.

last operation or composition of the phantasie before menSpenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8. tioned, whereby it concludes that this is a sensible good or

Blackstone, it is sometimes used for the alimony We are not only not obliged to part with the propriety of

a sensible evil, that it is attainable or feasible, or not attain- given to a wife divorced a mensâ et toro.

able; that though it be good, yet sometimes it is not safe to our estate, and to live in common, as the first persecuted

be attempted by reason of the impendence of a greater Common of estovers, or estoviers, that is, necessaries, Christians did, but we should be highly indiscreet, not to sensible evil.-Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 46.

(from estoffer, to furnish,) is a liberty of taking necessary say injurious, both to ourselves and the public, if we did.

wood, for the use or furniture of a house or farm, froin off * Sharp, vol. i. Ser. 4. Phantasie, or imagination, which some call æstimative, another's estate.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. ii. c. 3. What glorious motives urge our authors on,

or cogitative, (confirmed saith Fernelius by frequent mediThus to undo, and thus to be undone !

tation,) is an inner sense which doth more fully examine ESTRANGE, v. Fr. Estranger ; It. StraOne loses his estate, and down he sits, the species perceived by common sense, of things present or

Estra'ngE, adj. absent, and keeps them longer, recalling them to mind To show (in vain) he still retains his wits.

niare, stranare, from the

EsTRA'NGEDNESS. Lat. Extraneus, (q.d.) ex-
Young. To Mr. Pope, Ep. 1. againe, or making new of his owne.
Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 23. ESTRA'NGEMENT.

traneare, (Skinner.) Er. ESTE'EM, v. Fr. Estimer ; It. Estimare ; And every one who will act rationally, not miscalling good

ESTRA'NGER. traneus, an outlander, a Este'em, n. Sp. Estimar ; Lat. Estimare; evil, and evil good, must proportion bis esteem of things, foreigner. Este'EMABLE. from Tmav; and Tiu-av, according to the real value of them.

To alienate, to keep foreign, away, apart or ESTE'EMER. from To-elv, to fix a price or

Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. ii. c. 6.

aloof from ; to separate or divide ; to shun or EstE'EMING, n. value.

The Queen of Sheba, among presents unto Solomon, avoid ; to withdraw or withhold from. ESTIMABLE, adj. To fix or set a price or

brought some plants of the balsam tree, as one of the pecuE'STIMABLE, n.

liar estimables of her country.--Brown. Miscellaneous, p.50. value upon; to prize, to

And hauinge with them souldyars estraungers, whiche

Pissuthnes and the Arcadians had sent them, they accorded E'STIMATE, v. value; to think or deem, to The measure of punishments being to be estimated as well

with thể that were in the castell.-Nicolls. Thucid. fol. 78. E'STIMATE, n. repute or consider, valuable; degrees, 'tis fit we take a view also of your scheme in this

by the length of their duration, as the intenseness of their Estimation.

But this distresse one vantage doth unfold, to hold dear; worthy, of part.--Locke. A third Letter of Toleration, c. 5.

Though out of time, when it can help no more, E'STIMATIVE. consequence, of importance.

They heare the truth, and all their faults are told, He that walketh uprightly is secure as to his honour and

Which had been still estrang'd from them before. Lady (@d. I) sometime yet if a man be in disease, the esti. credit, he is sure not to come off disgracefully, either at macion of the enuious people, ne looketh nothing to the de- home in his own apprehensions, or abroad in the estimations

Stirling. Doomes-day. Tenth Houre. sertes of men, ne to the merites of their doinges, but onely, of men.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 5.

Ken. Will you not dance? How came you thus estranged ! to the auenture of fortune, and thereafter they yeuen their sentence.-Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. i. Yet if other learned men, that are competent estimators,

Shakespeare. Love's Labour Lost, Act v. sc. 2. and are accustomed to bring much patience and attention If he halowe hys felde immediatly frome that yere of to the discernment of difficult and important truths, profess libertie. You tell vs of manie gugawes and estrange dreames.

Sir, as we like of your preaching, so we dislike not our lubely, it shall be worth accordinge as it is estemed.

themselves satisfied with them, the probations may yet be Bible. 1551. Leuiticus, c. 27. cogent, notwithstanding the difficulty to have their strength

Holinshed. Discovery of Ireland, c. 4. apprehended.-Boyle. Works, vol. iv. p. 175. What an hinderaunce is it, to haue a good garment hurt,

Though they differed in many notions, yet these difany iewell appaired, or any esteemed thing to be decayed ! Sir J. Cheeke. The Hurt of Sedition. after him as our only happiness. By love, I mean an esteeming of him (God) and a seeking ! ferences did nothing but serve the pleasure of conversation.

and exercise of reasoning: they begot no estrangements or For I say (thorowe the grace that vnto me geuen is) to

Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. i. c. 12.

distasts, no noise or trouble abroad. --Gianoill, Ess. 7. euerie man amonge you, that no man esteme of hymselfe It is remarkable, that Homer does not paint him [Paris) Thus, if excommunication be incurred, ipso facto, he that more then it becomein him to esteme, but that he discretlye and Helen (as some other poets would have done) like mon- is guilty of the fact deserving it, and is fallen into the seniudge of himselfe, accordynge as God hath dealt to everye sters, odious to Gods and men, but allows their characters tence, is bound to submit to those estrangements and sepaman the measure of fayth. ---Bible, 1551. Romaynes, c. 20.

such estimable qualifications (in some ed. esteemahle quali- rations, those alienations of society and avoidings which he Thou shouldest (gentle reader) esteme his censure and frailties.- Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. vi. N. ties) as could consist, and in truth generally do, with tender finds from the duty of others.

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c 2 auctoritye to bee of the more weightie credence, in as much as the matter was not rashlie, and at al aduentures, but wyth Thus may we entertain an esteem for persons of merit, So shall my truth to latest times be read, judgemente (as thou seest) and with wisdom examined and although they are at a remote distance from our intimacy; And none shall ask if guiltily I fled, discussed.

we esteem the character of a person merely from the report Bp. Gardner. Of True Obedience. A Preface of Dr. Boner. of his good qualities.—Cogan. On the Pussions, c. 2.

Or thy command estrang'd me from thy bed.

Kowe, Lucan, bi

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All sorts of men, by my successful arts,
Ha! how is this? your estridge plumes, that but

Some plates were sent abroad about the year 1530, caten
Abhorring kings, estrange their altered hearts

Even now, like quills of porcupines, seem'd to threaten with aqua fortis after Parmesano; and etching with corroProm David's riile; and 'tis their general cry,

The stars, drop at the rumour of a shower,

sive waters began by some to be attempted with laudablo Religion, commonwealth, and liberty.

And, like to captive colours, sweep the earth!

success.-Evelyn. Sculpture.
Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel.
Massinger. The Maid of Honour, Act ii. sc. 3.

I have very seldom seen lovelier cuts made by the help of
Hence, instead of a suspicious estrangedness, a servile

Tortoises and the estrich hatch their eggs with their looks the best tempered and best handled gravers, than I have dread, or an hostile disaffection towards God, there will only; and some have designs which a dissembling face, or seen made on plates etched, some by a French and others spring up an humble confidence, a kindly reverence, a hearty

an acted gesture can produce.--Bp. Taylor, vol. iii. Ser. 24. by an English artificer.--Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 459. love toward him.-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 7.

Prince Edward all in gold, as he great Jove had been, The letters will be more or less deeply engraven (or rather

The Mountfords all in plumes, like estridges were seen.
He has nothing else to take up his thoughts, and nothing

etched) according to the time the sublimate is suffered to lie to entertain his desires with; which, by a long estrange

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 22. on.--Id. Ib. vol. iv. p. 317. ment from better things, come at length perfectly to loath, Ver. All furnisht, all in armes,

He that first invented printing or etching, had an idea of and fly off from them.--South, vol. ii. Ser. 6. All plum'd like estridges.-Shakes. Hen. IV. Act iv. sc. I. it in his mind before it ever existed.

Locke. Of Hum. Underst. b. ii. c. 22. s. 9.
Dumb as a senator, and as a priest

E'STUATE. The Lat. Æstus, Vossius
A piece of mere church-furniture at best ;

Estua'tion. says, est commotio vel in igni, ones, may be afforded us by the art of etching, whereby

Another instance, of the same import with the foregoing
To live estrang'd from God his total scope,
And his end sure, without one glimpse of hope.

E'STUARY. vel in aquâ, vel in animo ; a copper and silver plates may be enriched with figures, which

Cowper. Tirocinium. E'STURE. commotion either in fire, or in may seem to have been made by the tool of some excellent For Moses, to prevent any such estrangement, which some water, or in the mind. Æstuarium, qua mare

graver.-Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 459. other parts of his institution, if abused, might occasion, was tum accedit, tum recedit, ut ait, Festus; where The author whom I hint at shall be nameless, but his careful to acquaint the chosen family with the history of the

the sea approaches and retires. And from Æstus, countenance is communicated to the publick in several views human race, and of their descent from one man and woman. Warburton. The Divine Legalion, b. v. s. ). is æstuare, which is said sometimes of those things, anda aspects drawn by the

most eminent painters, and for

warded by engravers, artists by way of mezzo-tinto, etchers,
quæ verè calent; which really heat,—sometimes and the like.-Guardian, No. 1.
ESTRA'Y, v. A.S. Strægan, to stray. of the sea, and sometimes of the passions.
Estra'y, n. To stray or wander.

Prince Rupert was also an encourager of useful arts and
To wax hot, to scald or cast up hot vapours, manufactures ; he himself was the inventor of etching.
See the quotation from Blackstone.
(Minshew.) To boil, to rise and fall; to agitate,

Hume. History of England, c. 71.
This nymph one day, surcharg'd with love and grief,
to be in a state of commotion or agitation.

ETE'RNE. Fr. Eternel; It. Eternale ;
Which commonly (the more the pity) dwell

And thus he often doth with the worst and vilest of men, ETE'RNAL, adj. Sp. Eternal; Fr. Eternizer ;
As inmates both together, walking forth
With other maids to fish upon the shore;
whose lusts, though they estuate and boil within, are like

ETE'RNAL, n. It. Eternizare; Sp. Eternizar;
Estrays apart, and leaves her company,

the raging sea, raging and rouling in their hearts, yet God
sets bounds to their proud wayen, and saith to them as he

ETERNALIST. Lat. Eternus, (q.d.) aviter-
To entertain herself with her own thoughts.
does to the great sea, hitherto shall ye proceed, and no ETERNA’LITY. nus, from ævum ;

Gr. Αιων, Daniel. Hymen's Triumph. farther.-Hopkins. Practical Exposition.

Ete'RNALIZE. i. e. diel wv, semper existens, Estrays are such valuable animals as are found wandering

[This] did quiet me thus far, that these vapours were not ETERNALLY. ever being, everlasting, (qv.) in any manor or lordship, and no man knoweth the owner of them, in which case the law gives them to the king, as the gone up into the head, howsoever they might glow and

ETE'RNIFY, v. See the quotations from general owner and lord paramount of the soil, in recompence estuate in the body.-Bacon. A Speech about Undertakers.

ETERNITY. Milton, Tillotson, and Clarke, for the damage which they may have done therein, and they And therefore rivers and lakes who want these fermenting Ete'RNIZE. J for the full force of the adj. now most commonly belong to the lord of the manor, by parts at the bottom, are not excited into æstuations, and

The noun eternal is special grant from the crown.-Blackstone. Com. b. i. c. 8. therefore some seas flow higher than others according to the eternal, and noun eternity. E'STRE.

emphatically applied toFrom

plenty of these spirits, in their submarine constitutions. Fr. v. Estre, to be ; Fr. n.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vii. c. 14. The Creator of all things.
Estre, a substance or subsistence; an essence, We must seek to fix our mindes upon that incomprehen- To eternize is (with less force) to confer or en-
being, state,” (Cotgrave.) “ Of your ester;" de sible course of God's providence, which changeth all things 'dow with length or duration of time ; with lasting
tuo esse, de substantiâ vel statu tuo, (Skinner.) without any mutation in itsell: and the nearer we come to

fame ; to perpetuate, to immortalize.
Of estres, Mr. Tyrwhitt says, “ the inward parts shall be to the estuations of joys and fears, or the anxiety of
this confixure unto that stability, the less obnoxious we

The Eternall King reigning in three, two, and one, of a building;” and see Cotgrave, “ Les estres wonder in all contingencies.

Which all seeth, all knoweth, and all doth avise, d'une maison."

Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 16 s. 5.

With hundred fould shall reward everychone,

Which here in their life this wretched world doth despise,
Whan he was turned, and went out of that affray,
From hence we double the Boulnesse, and come to an

Abbot Maluern, in R. Gloucester, p. 581.
For a bisshop he sent at morn whan it was day,

estuarie, whither three notable riuers doo resort, and this is
Sir Ode of Wynchestere, so that bisshop hight,
named the Solueie mouth.

Elerne God, that thurgh thy perveance
He told him of alle the estere, that him mette that nyght.

Holinshed. Description of Britaine, c. 14. Ledest this world by certain governance,
R. Brunne, p. 94.
For the seas retaine

In idel, as men sain, ye nothing make.

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,177.
All peinted was the wall, in length and brede,

Not onely their outragious æsture there;
Like to the estres of the grisly place,
But fierce assistents, of particular feare,

The comon judgemēt of al creatures reasonable, then is
That highte the gret temple of Mars in Trace.

And supernaturall mischiefe, they expire ;

y! God is eterne. Let vs consider then what is eternity, for Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1973. And those are whirlewinds of deuouring fire

certes that shal shewē vs togider, the divine nature, and the Whisking about still.-Chapman. Homer. Odyssey, b. xii. diuine science. Eternity then is perfit possession, and altoAnd she stert up also

gether of life interminable.--Id. Boecius, b. v.
And knew the estres bet than did this John,

So, for ought I know, there may be in these vast internal
And by the wall she toke a staf anon.

parts of the earth, whose thin crust only has been here and It is the common judgment of all that live by reason, that Id. The Reves Tale, v. 4293.

there dug into by men, considerable masses of matter, that God is everlasting, and therefore let us consider what eter

may have periodical revolutions, or accensions, or eusta- nity is. For this will declare unto us both the divine nature But of one thynge I would praie, tions, [estuations) or fermentations.

and knowledge. Eternitie is a perfect possession altogether What shall I tell vnto Syluestre

Boyle. Works, vol. iv. p. 98. of an endless life. — Translation by J. T. 1609.
of your name or of your ester ? Gower. Con. A. b. ii.

Whether it be observed, that over the estuary, or in some Thou comfort of us wretches, do me endite
ESTRE'AT, v.) From the Fr. Extraict;
other neighbouring part of the place, where the mineral

Thy maiden's death, that wan thurgh hire merite
water springs, there arise any visible mineral fumes or

The eternal lif, and over the fend victorie.
Estre'at, n. Lat. Ertractum, drawn out; smoak, (which, when they do appear, are wont to do it early

Chaucer. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15,502. past part, of the verb extrahere, to draw out. in the morning, or late in the evening,) and if such fumes

To broken been the statutes hie in heauen
For the legal application, see the quotation

ascend, how plentiful they are, of what colour, and of what
from Blackstone.
smell ?-Id. Ib. vol. iv. p. 799.

That creat were eternally tendure.

Id. Balade of the Village. Towarde this vice, of which we trete,

ESURIENT. Lat. Esuriens, pres. part. of

The high Almighty perueiance,
There ben yet tweie of thilk estrete. --- Gower. Con. A. b. i. Esurire, to desire to eat :-greedy.

In whose eterne remembrance
What are they but estreats of those originals
Sure it is that he [Philip Nye) was a most dangerous and

From first was euery thing present,
Whereof th' Almighty word engroue the portrature
seditious person, a politic pulpit driver of independency, an

He hath his prophecie sent
Vpon the books of heau'n for euermore t'endure.
insatiable esuricnt after riches, and what not, to raise a fa.

(In suche a wise as thou shalt here)
To Daniel of this matere.

Gower. Con. A. Prol.
Lisle. Du Bartas, fol. 158.
mily, and to heap up wealth.- Wood. Athena 0.con.

As I sayde vnto you: my shepe heare my voyce, and I The said commissioners are to make their estreats as

ETCH, v. Probably from the A. S. Ecge; knowe them, and they folow me, and I geue vnto them accustomed of peace, and shall take the ensuing oath. È'TCHER. Ger. Ecge, an edge or point; be. eternal lyfe, and they shall neuer perishe, neither shal any Milton. On the Articles of Peace.

E'TCHING, n. cause it is done with the point of man plucke them out of my hande ---Bible, 1551. John, c, 10. Por if (as divines tell us) the poor be God's receivers, they a needle. See Hatch.

For thus he speaketh unto Moses, I am that I am; signiseem to have a title, as well by justice as by charity, to the amerciaments that are estreated upon trespasses against their Vischer, viz. Cornelius (for there is another who has pub- fying an eternalitee, and a nature that cannot chaunge.

Udal, John, c. 9. lord.--Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 24.

lished divers landskips) hath most rarely etched a certain

Dutch kitchen, where there is an old man taking tobacco, The great goodness of God geuyng them knowledge of the If the condition of such recognizance be broken, hy any whilst his wife is frying of pan-cakes ; also a fiddler, accom- meane of saluacion, and of that Mediatour, by whose deth breach of the peace in the one case, or any misbehaviour in panied with boyes and girles painted by Ostade ; but above they and theyr offspring shuld be redeemed agayne to blysse, the other, the recognizance becomes forfeited or absolute; all, admirable is the descent, or Christus Mortuus, after dya in the fayth of the sayd Mediatour, remytte and forgeye and being estrealed or extracted, (taken out from the other Tintoret, both graved and etch'd, as indeed I should have theim the elernalitie of the payne dew unto theyr offence, records, and sent up to the Exchequer,) the party and his said of the rest.-Evelyn. Sculpture.

Sir T. More. Works, p. 1292. sureties, having become the King's absolute debtors, are sued for the several sums in which they are respectively

Giovanni Maggi was an excellent painter and etcher, as he Why do we not spede ve hastely to come vnto that reste bound.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 18.

has sufliciently discovered in his rare perspectives, land- of eternitie whiche may be obteyned by oure litel and shorte

skips, and his Roma in the larger Cartoon ; likewise in the labours here rather than folow ye voluptuous pleasures of F/STRICH, or

nine privileg'd and stationary churches; with the three this worlde, whereby we shall come in to euerlastynge defa-
i. e. the Ostrich, (qv.)

Magi, who offer presents to our Saviour, in allusion to his tigacyons and werynesse in hell.
name.-Id. Ib.

Fisher. On the Seven Psalms, Ps. 143. pt. iL 711



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Therefore Dauyd consideryng in blm seife how greuously Notwithstanding the most extended concatenation that he had offended Almighty God, and that man may beare and

He (St. Paul] thereby has furnished us with so rich a may exist in the series of productions, effects succeeding to variety of moral and spiritual precepts, concerning special suffer hys punyshment, maketh his prayer that he vouch- their causes through incalculable ages, yet the mind must matters subordinate to the general laws of piety and virtue; safe neyther to punyshe nym eternally by the paynes of hel, ultimately repose itself in a first cause; who, being unneyther correcte him by the paynes of purgatory, but to be

that out of them might well be compiled a body of ethicks, caused, must exist from eternity meke and mercifull to hym.

or system of precepts de officiis, in truth and in compleat

Cogan. Theological Disquisitions, Dis. 1. c. 1. ness far excelling those which any philosophy hath been
FisherOn the Seven Psalms, Ps. 6.
Nor would th' enamour'd Muse neglect to pay

able to devise or deliver,-Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 6. There his name who love and prize,

To Stanhope's worth the tributary lay;
Stable stay shall elernize.

From ethical or theological composures, to take out les,
Sir P. Sidney, Ps. 69. Did not his virtues eterniz'd remain

sons, that may improve the mind, is a thing much interiour
Mac. O, full of scorpions is my minde, dear wife :
The boasted theme of Pope's immortal strain.

to the being able to do the like out of the book of nature, Thou knowst that Banquo and his Fleans liues.

Smollet. Reproof. A Satire. where most matters, that are not physical, if they seem not
Lady. But in them, nature's coppies not eterne.

to be purposely veiled, are at least but darkly hinted.
Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act iii. sc. 2.
ETE/SIAN. Gr. Etnolos, yearly, annual, from

Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 340.
He there does now enjoy eternal rest
Eros, the year, Venti anniversarii : “ Fr. Etesies ;

My subject leads me not to discourse ethically, but Chris-
And happy ease, which thou dost want and craue

the easterly winds which commonly blow in the tianly of the faults of the tongue.—Gorernm. of the Tongue.
And farther from it daily wanderest.
Dog-daies,” (Cotgrave.)

Ye sacred tomes, be my unerring guide,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 9.

Dove-hearted saints, and prophets eagle-ey'd !
A kingdom they portend thee, but what kingdom,
Another opinion there is, more embraced than the rest,

I scorn the moral fop, and ethic sage.
That whiles the forerunning winds blow and the Etesian
Real or allegoric, I discern not,

But drink in truth from your illumin'd page.
blasts together, holding on continually for the space of forty-
Nor when, eternal sure, as without end,
five dayes, they force backe his [the Nile) streame, and by

Thompson, Written on the Holy Bible. Without beginning.-Milton. Paradise Regained, b. iv. reason that his swift course is thus restrained, he swellett,

Ethicks extend to the investigation of those principles by And so with his burnt ashes, and the trophy of the scrowl, and his waves overflovi.-Hollard. Ammianus, p. 211.

which moral men are governed; they explore the nature Don Quixote's valour is eternalized.

and excellence of virtue, the nature of moral obligation, on
Shelton. Don Quixote, vol. iv. c. 3.
So may th' auspicious Queen of Love

what it is founded, and what are the proper motives of
And the twin stars, the seed of Jove,

practice ; morality in the more common acceptation, though The house of endlesse paine is built thereby, And he who rules the raging wind,

not exclusively, relates to the practical and obligatory part In which ten thousand sorts of punishment

To thee, O sacred ship, be kind;

of ethicks. Ethicks principally regard the theory of morals.
The cursed creatures doe eternally torment.
And gentle breezes fill thy sails

Cogan. Ethical Trealise. On the Passions, Introd.
Spenser, Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 6. Supplying soft Etesian gales.-Dryden. Hor. b. i. Ode 3.

In a treatise on morals, we expect that the author should
For in the temple, by and by with vs,
These couples shall eternally be knit.

ETH. A. S. Ath, the termination of the third particularly enlarge upon the rules, or duties, and motives

of practice: and by an ethical treatise, we expect a more Shakes. Midsummer Night's Dream, Act iv. sc. 1. pers. sing. ; is a lisping pronunciation of Es, (qv.) extensive investigation of whatever relates to the state and

nature of man as a moral agent; and a more minute examiTrue Fame, the trumpeter of heau'n that doth desire in- ETHE. i. e. easy, (qv. and also Eath.) flanie

nation of the principles themselves, on which moral pre

cepts are enforced.-Id. Ib. To glorious deeds, and by her power eternifies the name. Wild the bicom Cristen, fulle eth I were to drawe, Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 559. Bot I dar not for tham alle one to leue our lawe.

E'THNICK, adj. Gr. Εθνικος, from εθνος, και A poor light gain, to recompense their toil,

R. Brunne, p. 194.

E'THNICK, n. pation or people. Applied
That thought to get eternity the while !
Leve thou in oure louerd God, that al the world wrought ETHNICAL

to nations-
Daniel. Musophilus. Holy heuen eth on hey holliche he fourmede

And is Almyghti hymself, ouer alle his workes.

Not of the Jewish or
Not so. quoth I, let baser things deuise
To die in dust, but you shall liue by fame :

Piers Plouhman. Crede. Christian faith,
My verse your vertues rare shall eternize,
But if thou couthest sette in rewle

The ethnicke authours stirre the hearers, being well apo
And in the heauens write your glorious name.
The two, the three were elhe to rewle.

plied to the purpose.--Wilson. Arle of Rhetorique, p. 193.
Spenser, son. 75.

Gower. Con. A. Prol.

Back, Flamen, with thy superstitious fumes,
Saint Alban's battell wonne by famous Yorke,
Thus ēded this honorable man, [Hastings) a good knight

And cense not here; thy ignorance presumes
Shall be elerniz'd in all age to come.
and a gentle, of gret aucthorite with his prince, of liuing some

Too inuch, in acting any ethnick rite
Shakespeare. 2 Pt. Hen. VI. Act v. sc. 3.
what dessolute, plaine and open to his enemy, and secret to

In this translated temple.
The eternal, supreme cause, has such a perfect, indepen- his friend; eth to begile, as he that of good hart and corage

B. Jonson. Part of the King's Entertainment. dent, and unchangeable comprehension of all things ; that in forestudied no perilles.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 55.

Shortlie after it so came to passe that Penda, King of every point or instant of his eternal duration, all things

Mercia, (that cruell ethnike tyrant) made sore warres vpon past, present, and to come, must be not indeed themselves

ETHER. Lat. Æther; Gr. Alonp; Fr. Egricus.-Holinshed. England, an. 652. present at once, (for that is a manifest contradiction ;) but ETHEREAL. Ethéré, Aristotle derives from

Yea, such was the detestation of this effeminate, unathey must be as entirely known and represented to him in

ETHE'Reous. Qiel Deelv, quod semper currat et one single thought or view, and all things present and future

turall, odious practice of men's putting on women's apparell, to be absolutely under his power and direction; as if there moveatur, because it is ever in motion. Others, even among the ethnickes, that the Lycians when they was really no succession at all, and as if all things had been, Ano tou didelv, urere, quod igneus sit

et incensus ; ment, that the very deformity and intamy of that arra

chanced to mourne, did usually put on the woman's gar(not that they really are,) actually present at once. because it is fiery and of flame. Others, again, might move them the sooner to cast off their foolish sorrow

Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 4.
ano tou depev, hoc est ab calfaciendo ; from its

Prynne. Histrio-Mastir, pt. ii. Act. ii. sc. 2.
For how can we desire to be better assured, that our bodies heat. Becman is not content with any of these,
shall not for ever sleep in the grave, but shall at last be re-

Ethnicke would understand justice itself to have failed, united to our souls, and both soul and body live eternally in and resorts to the Hebrew.

as it is a virtue abstract, and may be considered without a unspeakable bliss and happiness; I say, how can we have

person.--Rolegk. History of the World, b. i. c. 6. s. 4.

Olympus, fair'st of hills, that heaven art said to be, greater assurance of this, than by what was on this day

Lest I might seem to have no measure in raking up this brought to pass in our Saviour?-Sharp, vol. i. Ser. 12.

I(Malvern] envy not thy state, nor less myself do make;
Nor to possess thy name, mine own would I forsake:

ethnical dunghill, I will now leave the theology of the ori. I would ask elérnalists what mark is there that they could Nor would I, as thou dost, ambitiously aspire

ginai of demons.--Mede. Apostasy of the Lal. Times, p. 19. expect or desire of the novelty of a world, that is not found To thrust thy forked top into th' etherial fire.

Be advised, therefore, (till you understand the case better) in this? Or what mark is there of eternity that is found in

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s.7. to forbear to take of the lamp of nature in the night of this ?-Burnet. Theory of the Earth.

Which of us who beholds the bright surface

ethnicism ; but know, that the light of the law of God, and Eternity is a duration without bounds or limits: Now of this ethereous mould whereon we stand,

right reason, and common practice, give suflicient allowance there are ivo limits of duration, beginning and ending; that This continent of spacious heav'n, adorn'd

to that which your misprision cavilla at. which has always been, is without beginning; that which With plant, fruit, flower ambrosial, gemms of gold,

Bp. Hall. Humble Remons, to the Parliament. always shall be, is without ending. Whose eye so superficially surveyes

Most strange is that which they write of certaine BrasilTillotson, vol. ii. Ser. 102. These things, as not to mind from whence they grow. ians within the land, which either hauing seen the religious To say that immensity does not signify boundless space,

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. vi. rites of the Portugals, or instructed therein by some fugitiues and that elernity does not signify duration or time without The mind employ'd in search of secret things,

or apostatas, had set vp a new sect of Christian ethnicisme, bevinning and end, is (I think) affirming that words have no To find out motions, cause, and hidden springs,

or mungrell-Christianity. meaning.-Leibnitz & Clurke. Dr. Clarke's fifth Reply. Through all th' elhereal regions mounts on high,

Purchase. His Pilgrimage, b. ix. c. 5. s. 3.
Though poets immortality may give,
Views all the spheres, and ranges all the sky.

“What means," quoth he, " this Devil's procession And Troy does still in Homer's numbers live;

Blackmore, Creation, b. ii. With men of orthodox profession? How dare I touch thy praise, thou glorious frame,

Ever learn

"Tis ethnique and idolatrous, Which must be deathless as thy raiser's name:

From heathenism deriv'd to us."-Hudibras, pt. ii. c. 2.
Quick ether's motion : oft the scene is turn'd;
But that I wanting fame am sure of thine

Now the blue vault, and now the murky cloud,
To eternise this humble song of mine.

ETIQUETTE. Fr. Etiquette ; Sp. Etiqueta.
Hail, rain, or radiance.

Dyer. The Fleece, b. i.
Otway. Windsor Castle.

Bourdelot and Huet derive from Gr. Etixos, order;
Lorenzo ! since eternal is at hand,
O what a confluence of ethereal fires,

thus, orixos, stichus, stichettus, stichetta, etiquette. To swallow time's ambitions ; as the vast

From urns unnumbered down the steep of heaven,
Leviathan, the bubbles vain, that ride
Streams to a point, and centers in my sight!

And this etymology, Menage says, is natural
High on the foaming billow; what avail

Young. Complaint, Night 9. enough ! But the interpretation of Cotgrave High titles, high descent, attainments high,

E'THICK, adj. If unattain'd our highest ?--Young. Complaint, Night 7.

Gr. Ηθικός,

leads plainly to the true etymology. It is

from ηθος,
mores ; which Lennep con-

A ticket; delivered not only, as Cotgrave says,
To the ancient philosophers, creation from nothing ap-

E'THICAL. ceives to have its origin in ew, it, but also entitling to place, to rank; and thus

for the benefit or advantage of him that receives peared an unintelligible idea. They maintained the eternal existence of matter. which they supposed to be modelled


sum, versor. For the modern the earth now exhibits.Blair, vol. iii. Ser. 19. from Cogan.

place; to ceremony.

He cannot drink five bottles, bilk the score, No possible change can alter his mode of existence, or

T. Ca. buzz'd me at the ear, that though Ben had barrel'd Then kill a constable, and drink five more ; dissolve his being; therefore no law of his nature can pre

up a great deal of knowledge, yet it seems he had not read But he can draw a pattern, make a tart, Vent his being eternally as he is.

the ethicks, which, among other precepts of morality, forbid And has the ladies' etiquette by heart.
Cogun. Theological Disquisitions, Dis. I. c. 1.
self-commendation.-Howell. b. ii. Let. 13.

Cowper. Progress of Errour.


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