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The parties wer 90 selle altercand on ilk side,
Hickes (Gram. Anglo-Sar p. 6.) from the A.S.
Folg-ian, filig-ean, to follow: and in this etymon. tide, The leaves felien as they flyen.--Chaucer. R. of the Rose
logy, Minshew, Skinner, and Serenius are unani Bot God that is of myght, & may help whan he wille.
R. Brunne, p. 314.
mous. Ihre (in v. Fælage) is uncertain. Fellow,
then, (lit.) is-
A follower; a companion, an associate ; one
with whom others match or mate, suit or pair,
unite or consort. And to fellow, isFor the wisdom of this world is foli anentes God, for it is
Gower. Con. A. b. ii.
To match or mate, to pair. 'ritten I schal catche wise men in her fel wisdom.
Wiclif. I Corynth. c. 3. But so soone as the Russians had felled the woods and Fellow is much used prefixed.
had built townes and villages in their place, the said pension Ther n'is ywis no serpent so cruel, ceased together with the trees which were cut down.
To hys felawes he wende anon, & bad hem hardi be; Whan man tredeth on his tail, ne hall so fel,
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 225. So that the Brytones were vp the poynt to flie.
R. Gloucester, p. ss.
The barons & the kyng were mad felaukes & frendes,
Asoiled & alle on euen.
R. Brunne, p. 211.
Haluendale asked Philip, as for first conant,
And from the trees did lop the needlesse spray.
& for selawschip of Cipres conquerand. Id. p. 186. Id. The Floure of Curtesie.
Spenser. Paerie Queene, c. 7. Oj Mutabilitie. Stormes riefest rende the sturdy stoute pine apple tree, For as most of them were felled and strucken starke dead,
Bothe faith and hus felawe spes folweden faste after.
Piers Plouhman, p. 325.
That ich ne shal folwie. thy felaushupe yf fortune lyke.
Id. p. 193.
Gaules that beset all the streights and passages of the wood.
Holland. Livivs, p. 490. And seyen, if we hadden ben in the daies of oure fadris,
we schulden not have be her felowis in the blood of profetis. al dolour and all teene.
Two high brow'd rockes on eyther side begin,
Wiclif. Matthew, c. 23.
If we sein that we han felawschip with him, and we With feuer quartayne, felly toste
Untouch'd of any feller's banefull stroakes,
wandren in derknessis, we lien and does not treuthe, but
Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. ii. s. 3. if we walkin in ligt as also he is in ligt we han feloibu kip
togidre, and the blood of lesu Crist his sone cleasith us to people of Calys for the gret daniages and dyspleasures they eight years.-Etelyn. Sylva. Of the Chestnut.
al synne.--Id. I Jon, c. 1. had done him on the see before.
So wel they loved, as olde bokes sain,
And looking underneath the sun
That whan that on was ded, sothly to telle,
His felaw wente and sought him doune in helle.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 122:
Hast thou not herd (quod Nicholas) also
The sorwe of Noe with his felaw'ship,
Dryden. Palamon & Arcite, b. ii. Or that he might get his wif to ship?
Id. The Milleres Tale, v. 353
He had a felowe bacheler, bringeth forth her young whelps, withoute forme or fashion,
Whiche was his priuie councylor,
And Thaliart by name he hight.-Gower. Con. A. b. viii.
And thus the tresour of the kynge
Thei trusse, and muche other thynge, Than ever skilful hand did give relief
The skin or hide.
And with a certaine felowship
Thei flers, and went away by ship.
Id. Ib. b. I. Beaum. & Fletch. The Faithful Shepherdess, Act ii. sc. 1. Were worthy to be brent both fell and bones.
The body was felow and partener with the soule in com;
Chaucer. Troilus, b. i. mitting the crime and sinne, and shall also be partaker or It is neither a rich patrician's shooe that cureth the gout in the feet, nor a costly and precious ring that healeth the
In this xxiiii. yere, the kyng, for ye great warre that he the glory, which is prepared for them that love God. whitlaw or selon in the fingers; nor yet a princely diadem had with the Frenshe kynge and ellys where comaūded a
Frith. Workes, p. 19 that easeth the headach.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 120.
new subsydie to be leuyed vpon al ye sarplers of wolle goynge
Where, thoughe they had nffended, youe shulde haue dis
Fabyan, an. 1296.
symuled and wynked at it, to the intent that that, which we The stone, which passed straunger at him threw.
yet reteigne vnder the forme of a felloulike lyuynge, should
not be tourned unto hostylytie and enmitye.
Nicolls. Thucidides, fol. 82. He was neither given to greedie extortion or over-fiercely
Vives. The Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. i. c. 2. and felly bent, or hoily set upon doing mischief.
Haue ye seen any thyng more low or basse in worldely
acceptacion, any thing more poorer, more meke, more feluxethat maketh her bones to rattle, & wasteth away her wanton lyke with the people, and more ferther remoued frö all lyke. Als when his brother saw the red blood rayle
flesh, & beautyfieth her faire fell wyth the coloure of a kite's nesse of a kyngduine.-Udal. Luke, c. 24. Adowne so fast, and all his armour steepe,
claw.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1149. For very felnesse lowd he gan to weep.
But Artabasus with those of who he had ye charge, & with
the Greeke souldiers, tooke the way towardes Parthina,
thinkyng to be more sure any where then in the felowship The same wild beast, notwithstanding they be always
Would at a dismall treatise rowze and stirre
of those traitours.- Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 132. razing, yet become mild and leave off all their outrageous As life were in't.--Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act v. sc. 5.
Thou coactiue art. felnesse for the space of those seven ceremonious holy days,
A prince is the pastor of the people. Hee ought to sheere, wherein the priests at Memphis celebrate the nativitie of
And fellow'st nothing.--Shukes. Winter's Tale, Act i. sc. 2. not to flea his sheep; to take their feeces, not their fels. Apis.-llolland. Ammianus, p. 211.
B. Jonson. Discoveries. Let me rather be disliked for not being a beast, then be Fell Arcite like an angry tyger far'd,
FELLOE. A.S. Folge. And like a lion Palamon appear'd.
good-fellowed with a hug, for being one.
Feltham, pt. i. Res. 84.
And Hipothebs, whose wel-built wals, are rare, and fele
Ger. FelInrag a at first, he scorn'd so weak a jail,
low less.-Chapman. Homer. Iliad, b.ii. And leapt, and flew, and flounced to and fro;
gen; Dut. Velgen; A. S. Wealow-ian, volvere. But when he found that nothing could avail,
Holy Gonzallo, honourable man,
Mine eyes ev'n sociable to the shew of thine
charet wheele, their axeltrees, and their naues and their Fall sellowly drops.-Shakespeare. Tempest, Act v. sc. I.
felloes, and their spokes were all molten. FELL, v. A.S. Fyllan, gefyllan ; _Dut.
Bible, 1553. 1 Kings, vii. 33.
She, proude of that new honour, which they redde
And of their lovely fellowship full glatie,
Daunst lively, and her face did with a lawrell shade.
Spenser. Faerie leucene, b.iii. c. 10.
Of fellowship I speak,
Such as I seek, fit to participate
All rational delight, wherein the hrute
Cannot be human consort.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. viii.
FE'LLOW, n. And wende to Jerusalem and that toun felde to grounde.
says, from the Sax. Fe, i. e.
I must also add, that if the last Æneid shine amoninst its
FE'LLOW-LESS. fides, and lag, ligatus ; hence sellous, it is owing to the commands of Sir William Trum
FE'LLOWLY. The hurveis of London were wrothe & stoute,
the Anglo-Normans, changing ball
, one of the principal Secretaries of State, who recomme FE'LLOWSHIP. (according to their custom) | particularly i have made it mine.
mended it, as his favourite. to my care; and for his sake & said thei suld fond to felle Knoute's pride.
R. Brunne, p. 48. g into w, pronounced it Felawe : and we, fellow.
Dryden. Postscript to Virgil
If eating and draking he natural, herding is so too.
II llow they were feld, shal not be told for me. "haucer. The Knightes Tale, V. 2927. 'is interpreted, fide cum eo ligatus.
the same.--Shaftesbury. Les, on Freedoni, $c. $ 2.
dud oft I wish amidst the scene to find
Notorious 70979, and which openly be of euil name, & If Lord Balmerino, in the last rebellion, had driven of Sune spot to real happiness consignil,
will not put theinselues in enquests concerning the felonies the cattle of twenty clans. I should have thought it would Where my worn soul, each vandring hope at rest,
that men shal lay to their charge before the justices at the have been a scandalous and low juggle, utterly unworthy of May kaiker bliss, to see my fellow blest.
king's suite, shall be sent backe to strong and hard impri- the manliness of an English judicature, to have tried him Goldsmith. The Trareller. sonment, as they which refuse to be iustified by the common for felony as a stealer of cows. lawe of the land.- Rastall. Statutes, p. 170. Felonie.
Burke. Leller to the Sheriffs of Bristol. As we must give away some natural liberty to enjoy civil advantages; so we must sacrifice some civil liberties, for the
He ask'd the waves, and ask'd the felon winds
Felony, in the general acceptation of our English law, advantages to be derived from the communion and fellow
What hard mishap hath doom'd this gentle swain.
comprises every species of crime, which occasioned at comship of a great empire.
mon law the forfeiture of land and goods. Burke, Speech on Conciliation with America.
Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv, c. 7.
Else. O thievish night,
FELT, v. A. S. Felt ; Dut. Vilt; Ger. Filz;
Fr. Feultre, feutre; It. Feltro; Sp.
FE'LTRE, v. Fieltro; Low Lat. Feltrum. Wach.
Id. Comus. FE'tre, n.
ter says, it may be derived either FE'LONOUS. pendium; and Ger. Lon, pre
from theGr. Níuuv, arctare, densare, lanam cogere, Fe'lovy.
The wicked rable (I say) and offscouring of the base multium, (sc.) the crime that is
or from the Lat. Villus or villosus.
Skinner sur titude (not to be reckoned) coinmitted such fellonious outpunished by loss or forfeiture of the fee. Hickes
Tages, as forced men to naile up covers and cases before gests to full, (qv.). Spelman calls it Pannus cras(Gram. Franco Theo. p. 95) is of the former these faire lights and beautiful prospects.
sior ex pilis, proprie coactus, non textus; and see opinion; and Spelman favours the latter: accord
Holland. Plinie, b. xix. c. 4.
the quotation from Holland's Pliny. The word is ing to Hickes, the forfeiture of the fee was an An argument much like this in substance. No man probably a mere consequential usage of fell, incidental punishment, adjudged to the felness, ought to rise up against an honest officer or captaine in the A hide, or skin; a covering. cruelty or atrociousness of the crime. According dye execution of his office, when he offers him no injury at
all. Therefore he ought not in conscience to resist him The poorer sort do line their clothes with cotto cloth which to Spelma., this forfeiture was the cause of the
when he turnes a theese or murtherer, and felloniously is made of the finest wooll they can pick out, & of the courses imposition of the name upon the crime so pu- assaults him, to rob him of his purse, or to cut his throate. part of the said wooll, they make felt to couer their houses nished. Vossius (de Vitiis, p. 202) proposes the
Prynne. Treachery and Disloyalty, &c. pt. iii. P.
84. and their chests, and for their bedding also.
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol i. p. 98. Ger. Faelen, vel feelen, errare, delinquere, cadere; Yet she was of such grace and vertuous might, this etymology is noticed by Spelman, and re
That her commaundment he could not withstand,
They make also of the said felt couerings for their stonles, jected by Wachter; quia non explet mensuram
But bit his lip for felonous despight,
and caps to defende their heads from the weather.-Id. Ib. criminis. The common usage among our older
And gnasht his yron tuskes at that displeasing sight. Xenophanes saith, that the moon is a thick, compact, and
When, suddenly casting aside his view, the opinion of Hickes.
He spide his foe with felonous intent,
Or els verily as Anaxagoras affirmeth, by reason of violent “ Fr. Fellonnie,- folness, curstness, despightful- And fervent eyes to his destruction bent.
winds getting close within the ground below, which when Dess, ire, anger; untractableness, cruelty, un
Id. Virgil's Gnat.
they happen to hit and beat upon the sides thereof, hard
baked or felled together, finding no way of issue, shake mercifulness, outragiousness; also, disobedience ; Sir, I arrest you at your Country's suit,
those parts of the earth at which they entred when they were treachery, treason; any such hainous falshood or Who, as a debt to her, requires the fruit
moist.-Holland. Ammianus, p. 89. olence, committed by a vassal against his lord, or
or that rich stock, which she by nature's hand
It were a delicate stratagem, to shoo
A troope of horse with fell.--Shakes. Lear, Act iv. sc. 6. loses, or is worthy to lose, his estate,” (Cotgrave.) For stealing what was her propriety,
Moreover, wool of itselfe driver together into a felt with-
Yourself, from hence.--Carew. To Master W. Montague. out spinning or weaving, serveth to make garments with:
used in the working thereof, such felts are of good proof to
bere off the edge and point of the sword, yea and more than He bythoughte hinn of felnyne, and lette him arme there. felonie should be made the deed.-Bacon. Hen. VIII. p. 65. Mid armes of Brytones, as he of this lond were.-Id. p. 63.
Holland. Plinie, b. viii. c. 48.
His feltred locks, that on his bosom fell,
On rugged mountains briars and thorns resemble.
Fairefax. Godfrey of Bullogne, b. iv. s.7.
Down to the deep abyss the flaming selon strook.
Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. vi.
They put things call'd executorships upon me,
The charge of orphans, little senseless creatures,
Id. p. 207.
Whom in their childhoods I bound forth to feil-makers,
To make 'em lose, and work away their gentry:
Beaum. & Fletch. Wit at several Weapons, Act i. sc. I.
Id. The Hind and the Panther.
“ Fr. Falouque," Piers Plouhman, p. 178. Naught but the felon undermining hand,
which Cotgrave calls, “ a barge, or a kind of bargeFul ofte hath he drede or dark corruption can its frame dissolve,
like boat, that hath some five or six oars on a That fals folke fetche away. felonliche hus godes.
And lay the toil of ages in the dust.- Thomson. Liberty.
side.” “Falcatoria,” says Du Cange, Id. p. 214.
a species For daungere, that is so feloun
In thy felonious heart though venom lies
of ship; perhaps the same with our felouque or Pelly purposeth thee to werrey It does but touch thy Irish pen and dies.
Dryden. To Sir Robert Howard.
Naples, 1645. Having well satisfied our curiosity among
landing.--Evelyn. Memoirs. profite, and namely whan that meinie is felonous and da.
Id. Vindication of the Duke of Guise. mageous to the peple by hardinesse of high lordeship, or by
Letters from Genoa of the 14th instant, (April, 1709) say, way of office.-Id. The Persones Tale.
Lord Hyde. We are to look to that which is according that a felucca was arrived there in five days from Marseilles Ther saw I first the derke imagining
to law; the goods of a man that is accused of felony (he is with an account that the people of that city had made an
but only so yet) he forfeits none of his goods, until convict; insurrection by reason of the scarcity of provisions.
Tatler, No. 6.
State Trials, an. 1664. Col. Turner & Others.
FEMALE, n. Fr. Femelle, féminin; It. Fc-
The fact is the same in all,—the death of the man is the Female, adj. mino, feminina ; Lat. Femina, Here shall I a kyng's sonne die
imputed crime: but the intention makes all the difference;
which Scaliger derives from
FE'MININE, N. Fortus, and fætus from poitav, Whā he [Tanner) had thus contynued a season, not with felon, or only an unfortunate man, as the circumstances by which his mind is deciphered to the jury show it to have
FEMININE, adj. out sone rumoure in the lande, lastelye he was takyn cut
coire ; Vossius, from the anbeen cankered by deliberate wickedness or stirred up by of that place and caryed as a felon vnto Northampton, and
FE'MINAL, sudden passions.
cient Lat. Feo, fetum, of the there reygned and iudged for his falsenes and soo drawen
Erskine. Speech on the Trial of Lord George Gordon.
FEMINA’LITY. same meaning, i.e. coire, coand liangyd.---Fabyar, vol. ii. an. 1315.
FE'MINATE. pulare, and therefore, gignere,
parere ; and thus, femina, that
FEMINIZE. which beareth, which bringhe flings, and fayreth so, Which taught the felon heart to feel.- Byron. The Giaour.
FE'ME-COVERT. cth forth. And Female, wheThe councter captaines standerd straighte
There could therefore be no doubt of his (Damaree) pur-' ther animal or vegetable, he swayed to the ground.
pose and intention, nor any great doubt that the perpetration That which bringeth forth, which produceth, Drant. Horace. Epistle to Julius Florus. of such purpose was from its generality, high treason, if which beareth offspring,-young of its own species They sayd it was falsely and felonnusly done, to assemble perpetrated by such a sorce, as distinguishes a felonious riot the rychesse of the realme, and to sende it into other strauge from a treasonable levying of war.
or kind. contreys wherby the realme was greatly impouerysshed.
Erskine. Speech on the Trial of Lord George Gordon. For Feme-covert, see the quotation from Black. Berners. Froissari. Cronycle, vol. ii. c. 94.
They declared it to be high treason to dispute the queen's stone, and Coverture. And so the said jury hathe sworn vpon the holy Euan- authority, to deny that the parliament was competent to I sawe perpetually ystalled gelist, yt the sayde William Horscy, clercke, Charles Joseph, confine and limit the succession, and finally, to render
A feinine creature, and John Spaldynge, of their set malice then, & their, felo- attempts to introduce a system, different froin that which
That neuer formed by nature ryously kylled å murthered the sayde Richard Hun, in the they had established by the laws, Feloniously penal.
Was such another thing I saye. maner and forme abouesayde.--Hall. llen. VIII. au. 6.
Pilt. Speech, Norcuber 17, 1795.
Chaucer. Dook of Fame, b, üha 779
O Soudannesse, rote of iniquitee,
The farre-lam'de jen-affecter (seeing him) sald: Virago, thou Semyramme the second,
That for ought else she had but little care,
Ho? stranger? what are you? and whence, that tied Of serpent under femininiter, For wealth, or fame, or honour feminal,
This shore of ours ? who brought you forth ? replie,
What truth may witnesse, lest I finde, you lie.
West. On the Abuse of Travelling.
Chapman. Homer. Batrachomyomachia. The males go with the female, But nothing wlll be found of such extensive use for sup
Come! by whatever sacred name disguis'd, And so began there a quarele
See Nature's richest plains to putrid fens
ronunBetwene loue and hire owne herte.—Gower. Con. A. b.iv. plying the deficiences of Chaucer's metre, as the ciation of the e feminine, and as that pronunciatiou has been
Turn'd by thy fury. Thomson. Liberty, pt. i. As soon as the man looked upon the femall of his kinde, for a long time totally antiquated, it may be proper here to Quicken'd with fire below, your monsters breed he began to loue aboue all things, and saide: Now is this suggest some reasons for believing (independently of any In fenny Holland, and in fruitful Tweed. bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. arguments to be drawn from the practice of Chaucer him
Dryden. The Hind and the Panther Vires. Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. li. c. 2. self) that the final e in our ancient language was very gene
Nor need we wonder how in a ditch, bank or glass pla rally pronounced, as the o feminine is at this day by the With halfe a bearde, as a feminate mat.
French.-Tyrwhitt. Ess. on the Language and Versification newly dig'd, or in the sen-banks in the Isle of Ely, mustard Golden Boke, Let. 14. of Chaucer.
should abundantly spring up, where in the memory of man
none hath been known to grow, for it might come of seed So that as in Xerxes was to be sene a kinde of femine Of higher birth he seem'd, and better days,
that had lain there more than man's age. fearfulness, 80 in her was to be seene the kynde of manlye No mark of vulgar toil that hand betrays,
Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii. couragiousnese. Goldyng. Justine, fol. 18. So femininely white it might bespeak
The fen is a plashy inundation, formed on a flat-without When the hunts-men haue made provision, & the eliphant Another sex, when match'd with that smooth cheek,
depth-without lineal boundary-of ambiguous texture is so entangled, they guide the feminines towards the pal- But for his garb and something in his gaze,
half water, and half land--a sort of vegetable fluid. Jace which is called Tambell.
More wild and high than woman's eye betrays.
Byron. Lara, c. 1. 9. 27.
Gilpin. On the Mountains and Lakes, s. 7.
Ah, luckless swain, o'er all unblest, indeed! Affirming that in the queene rested nothyng but fraude
By marriage the husband and wife are one person in law : Whoin late bewilder'd in the dank dark sen and feminine malice, which rulyng the kyng at her pleasure
that is, the very being or legal existence of the woman is Far from his flocks, and smoking hanılet, then! and will studied nothyng so muche, as the destruccion of suspended during the marriage, or at least is incorporated Collins. On the Popular Superstitions of the Highlands. the nobilitie, and peeres of the realme.
and consolidated into that of the husband: under whose
Hall. Henry VI. an. 37. protection, wing, and cover, she performs every thing; and He (Carausius) cut canals with vast labour and expence The ark is finish'd, and the Lord is wrath,
is therefore called in our law French a feme-covert, fæmina through all the castern parts of Britain ; at the same time, To aid just Noah, and he provided hath
viro co-operta.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. i. c. 15. draining those fenny countries, and promoting communiHis blessed Angels, bidding them to bring
cation and commerce. The male and female of each living thing FE'MORAL. Lat. Femur, the thigh, quia, says
Burke. An Abridgement of English History, an. 286. Into the ark, by whom he had decreed T' renew the world. Drayton. Noah's Plood. Perottus, ferat ac sustineat animal. Vossius, from FENCE, v. Lat. Fend-ere, (used only
the obsolete feo. The boy is faire,
in composition,) i. e. arcere, Of femall fauour, and bestowes himself Of or pertaining to the thigh.
FE'NCEFUL. depellere ; to drive away or Like a ripe sister : the woman low The largest crooked needle should be used in taking up
repel; and thus to keep safe And browner then her brother. Shakespeare. As You Like It, Act v. sc. 1. the femoral arteries in amputation.-Sharp. Surgery.
Fe'ncer. or secure, guard or protect;
FE'NCIBLE, n. and fence,
Goth. Fani; A. S. Fenn ; Dut. Shall I appear? shall I to him make known
Fe'ncible, adj. That which keeps safe or As yet my change, and give himn to partake
FE'NNISH. Venne. Fen, or fan, is the past FE'NCIBLY. secnre, which guards or proFull happiness with mee, or rather not, Fe'nNY. tense, and therefore past part. of FE'NCING, n.
tects; a guard, security or But keep the odds of knowledge in my power fyn-igean, (to corrupt, to decay, to wither, to
FEND, v. Without copartner ? so to add what wants
protection; any hedge, enIn femal sex, the more to draw his love,
fade, to spoil in any manner :) and means,-cor- FE’nder. closure, wall, mound, ditch, And render me more equal, and, perhaps, rupted, spoiled, decayed, withered. In modern
or other thing built or conA thing not undesirable, sometime
speech (Tooke continues) we apply fen only to structed for security or safety, or protection, Buperior; for inferior who is free ? Millon. Paradise Lost, b. ix. stagnated or corrupted water; but it was formerly
Fender, i. e. defender, that which fends, defends applied to any corrupted, or decayed, or spoiled or guards. A common word in speech, but not And other suns perhaps, With thir attendant moons thou wilt descrie,
substance.” (Div. of Pur. ii. 61. 76.) Nisus in writing. Communicating male and femal light,
is said, by G. Douglas, to fall grufeling (grovelling) Which two great sexes animate the world amid the fen or beistes blude of sacrifyce. And
And fendede hem fro foule uvels. fevres and suxes.
Piers Plouhman, p. 368. Stor'd in each orb perhaps with some that live.
Id. 16. b. viii. in Lybeaus Disconus, Ritson, Met. Rom. ii. 64,
For executynge of which disporte the place of Smithfelle So if in the minority of natural vigour, the parts of semi
by the kynge was appoynted, and barryd and sensyd for tile nality take place; when upon the eucrease or growth
And thorughout Synadowne
same intent.–Fabyan, vol. ii. an. 1508. thereof the masculine appear, the first design of nature is
Both maydenes, and garsfoun,
Such as are great men hauing yê rewle of thinges, & such atchieved, and those parts are after maintained.
Fowyll sen schull on the throwe.
as are euil, shal murmour and grutche againste your doc. Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 17. See the quotation from Gilpin.
trine. Against these men doe I send you forth naked, And while all things are judg'd according to their suitable
wlout weapo or fense.- Udal. Luke, c. 10. ness or disagreement to the fond feminine, we shall be as far
Grantebrugye and Hontyndone mest plente of deep sen. from the tree of knowledge, as from that, which is guarded
It is thought to be the surest fence, & strongest warde for
R. Gloucester, p. 6. by the Cherubim.--Glanvill. Vanily of Dogmatizing, c. 12.
that Religion, that they should be keapte still in ignorance, He lyeth amõg the redes in the mosses, the fennes hyde
and know nothinge.-- Jewell. Replie unto M.Hardinge, p.570. Yet the fourth time when must'ring all her wiles,
hi with their shadowe, & the wylowes of the broke couer With blandisht parlies, feminine assaults,
Disciplina gladiatoria, is—the preceptes and way of train. Tongue-batteries, she surceas'd not day nor night hym round about.—Bible, 1551. Job, c. 40.
yng men in the weapons, and the schooles that maysters of To storn me over-watch't, and wearied out.
Also the mylk of beastes, fedynge in large pastures, and fence kepe.- Udal. Flowres of Latine Speaking, fol. 133. Millon. Samson Agonistes. ont of fennes and marshes, is better than of them whiche be
The whiche bysshop had made there a stronge garyson, The serpent said to the feminized Adam, why are you so
de in lyttell closes, or in watry grounds.
80 that this castell doubted none assaute, for theri war 3 demure.-More. Conject. Cabb. (1663.) p. 45.
Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Hellh, b. ii. c. 20.
square toure thick walled and sensably furnisshed for the Now to dispose the dead, the care remains
It was not the northerne wind, whiche blustereth colde warre.-Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 209. To you, my son, and you, my faithful swaing;
out of the cloudes: nor the southerne winde, that bryngeth Th' offending females to that task we doom, warmthe with hym oute of the marryshe and fennie places,
Walls here are men, who fence their cities more
Than Neptune, when he doth in mountains roer, To wash, to scent, and purify the room.
pestilente to all liuyng bodies.-Udal. Actes, c. 2. Pope, Homer. Odyssey, b. xxii.
Doth guard this isle.- Drummond. Speech of Caledonia.
But now his cruelty so sore she drad, We saw, as tinperceiv'd we took our stand,
No pitched battaile in plaine field, no campe so well I That to those fennes for fastnesse she did fly, The backward labours of her faithless hand. And there herselfe did hide from his hard tyranny.
tified, no citties and fortes howsoever fensed were able to Then ur 'd, she (Penelope) perfects her illustrious toils ;
withstand the puissant Romanes in force of open armos.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 10. A wond'rous monument of female wiles !-Id. Ib. b.ii.
Holland. Livirs, p. 336. And when they consider, besides this the very formation
By reason that he (Hannibal] had overwatched himselfe, Dear! on yon mountain stands my humble cot, of the word Kouvovo ovvn upon the model of the other
and the moist nights besides together with the dampe and 'Gainst sun and wind by spreading oaks secur’d, femaliard virtues, the Ευγνωμοσυνη. Σωφροσυνη, Δικαιοσυνη,
moiste of the foggie sens stuffed his head and filled him full And with a fence of quickset round immur'd, &c. they will no longer hesitate on this interpretation.
of rhewmes, and because neither time nor place served for That of a cabin make't a shady grot. Shaftesbury. On the Freedom of Wil and Humour, pt. iti.
any cure and to take physicke, he lost one of his eyes quite. Sherburne. A Shepherd inviting a Nymph to his Collage.
Holland. Livius, p. 433. Could no more title take upon her
You were never at the dealing of fence blowes, but you To virtue. quality, and honour,
Therefore is a little water proceeding from a good foun- had foure away for your part.- Edwards. Damon & Pilhica. Than ladies errant unconfin'd, taine, hy stones and leade kept from things that may hurt
it, hardlier putrifyed and corrupted, than all the fennishe
Of length prodigious, joyning to the wall
Immovable of this now fenceless world, The winged rover disdains the ground. They might never
Forfeit to Death. Millon. Paradise Lost, b, x. therefore be brought together, did not this radiant torch Occasion calls the Muse her opinions to prepare,
But to pourtraie in imagerie tables, and painted cloth, the direct the volatile mate to his sedentary frmole.
Which (striking with the wind the vast and open air)
publike shews of fencers and sword-players, and so set them
up to be seen in open place to the view of the world, heran Now measures out this plain, and then surveys those On his ear the cry
by C. Terentius, a Lucan.-Holland. Plinie, b v. c. 7.
groves. Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 3. or women struck, and like a deadly knell
No fort so fencihle, nor wals so strong, huock'd at that heart inmoved the battle's yel.
Here never shall you more,
But that continuall battery will rise, * Oli! burst the harım--wrong not, on your lives,
O're hang this sad plaine with eternall night!
Or daily siege, through dispurvasarmce long
And lacke of reskewes will to parley drive.
Sperser. Faerie Queene, t. iil, 10.
Now all this provision of foyle, fencing, stoning, planting, FENE'STRE. Dut. Venster ; Ger. Fenster ; And men of relygyon of Normandie al 80
He seffede here nyd londes, and myd renta al so. Bp. Hall. Sermon, at a Publick Feast, an. 1628. | Sp. Hemestra ; Fr. Fenestre; Lat. Fenestra ;
R. Gloucester, p. 338 And now,
when the fence-fabrickes and all devices else perhaps aro TOV palv-elv, (9.) Phænestra, that The abbey of Rumeye he feffed richely, requisite for a siege, were in readinesse, toward the end of through which light is admitted.
With rentes fulle gode & kirkes of pris.-R. Brunne, p. 55. the second watch, when the night happening to do every and Wachter, in v. Fenster.) Among the ancient
(See Vossius, light with the moon shine, shewed all thinges evidently to
After the forty dayes of that feffement, those that stood upon the bulwarkes, suddenly a multitude Romans,
Philip, without delayes, salle gyue that ilk tenement
Tille Edward & tille Blanche, and ther heirs of tham comen. gathered together in one plumpe, opened the gates at once, Openings in the wall to admit the light; (perand sallied foorth-Holland. Ammianus, p. 253.
Id. p. 200 haps-air, vent-us ;)—a wind-ow.
And seffe falsenesse, wit floreynes ynowe.
Piers Plouhman. p. 32 cowardly at the sharp, yet on the contrary, who ever durst
He let caste thys traytor in the euenynge late point a single combat in the field, that hath not bin some
At fenestre in Temeso. R. Gloucester, p. 312. Than Symonye and Cyvyle. stode forth bothe
And unseeld that feffemeni.
Id. p. 27.
Nay God forbid to feffe you so with grace.
Chaucer. The Court of Loue.
As doth an heraud of armes.-Id. P. 339.
I trow it were to longe you to tary,
If I you told of every script and bond,
By which that she was feoffed in his lond
Or for to rekken of hire rich array.
Id. The Merchantes Tale, v. 9572.
Skelton. The Crowne of Laurell.
Coranus shal a feoffement force;
and eke the writting scale,
A cutting write for Scipio,
Wood. Fasti Oxon. vol. ii.
which he ne shal repeale.Drant. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 5. After long fencing push'd against a wall, Your salvo comes, that he's not there at all.
In the fourth book he shal find Anastatius a married Dryden. The Hind and the Panther. FE'NIGREEK. Fænogræcum ; Fr. Fenugrec. presbyter, feoffed in some tēporalties which he would rather See the quotation.
die than not leave to his issue. The fairest of the fruit he serves,
Bp. Hall. The Honour of the Married Clergie, b. ii. s. 8.
Fenigreeke commeth not behind the other hearbs before
specified, in credit and account for the vertues which it hath : Godlinesse can give wisdome to the foole, eyes to the Whose care the fences guards.-Id. Horace Epode 2. the Greeks call it Telus and Carphos: some name it Buceras blind, iife to the dead; it can eject Devils, change the course
and Agoceras, for that the seed resembleth little horns : of nature, create us anew, free us from evill, jeoffe us in From side to side he darts his eager eyes; wee in Latine tearme it Silicia or Siliquia.
good, honour, wealth, contentment, everlasting happinesse. When, lo! before him, in a full survey,
Holland. Plinie, p. 207.
Id. b. xxiv. c. 19. The Ilypocrite.
And though his majesty came to them by descent, yet it
was but in nature of the heire of a feoffee in trust, for the A man, in his full tide of youthful blood,
Venckel; Ger. Fencher; all, says Skinner, from use and service of the kingdome; as a king in his politicke; Able for arins, and for his country's good;
the Lat. Fæniculum, which Vossius thinks may be not as a man or proprietor in his natural capacity. Urg'd by :10 pow'r, restrain'd by no advice, But following his own inglorious choice : from Fenum, quia ubi exaruit, feno similis sit.
Prynne. Treachery and Disloyalty, fc. pt. ii. p. 12. 'Mongst common fencers practices the trade,
Isidorus, from Palverbal, because its juice sharp- He ha's a quarrell to carry, and ha's caused
A deed of feofsment, of his whole estate,
To be drawne yonder.
B. Jonson. The Divell is an Asse, Act iv. sc. 6.
The iurisdiction as touching foofments upon trust, (Iurisall of a caliver; and continue always provided in such arms
Piers Plouhrnan, p. 106. dictionem de fidei commissis.) which was wont yeere by veere and ammunition suitable.
and ouely within the citie to be committed unto the magisParliamentary History, an. 1705. App. No. 1.
Fenell being eaten, the sede or rote maketh abundance of trates, hee ordained to hold by patent for ever. mylke.--Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Helth, b. ii.
Holland. Suetonius, p. 165. When he (the Marquis of Northampton) was crossed, or contentious with any, he never replied to any answer;
As for fenell, the serpents have woon it much credit, and
But the voyce went, and rumours ran abroad, that Conwhich, he said, was a manifest sign of no strong spirit. It brought it into name, in this regard, that by tasting thereof
stantius in his time had made his last will and testament, was a manifest sign indeed of no contentious spirit, and that (as I have already noted) they cast their old skin, and by the
wherein he did set downe, as I said before, Julian to be his delighted not in fending and proving, as we say, juice that it yeeldeth doe cleare their eyes : whereby we also
heire, and gave to those whom he loved, feoffments upon
to mundifie our sight and take away the filme or web
A chamber of dependencies was fram'd,
Holland. Plinie, b. xx. c. 23. (As conquerours will never want pretence,
When arm'd, to justify th' offence)
And the whole fief in right of Poetry, she claim'd.
Dryden. To the Pious Memory of M18. Anne Killgrew them without some decent periphrasis, or ceremonial title
continue a whole yeare.-Id. Ib. b. xix. c.9.
She (Spain) is a province of the Jacobin empire, and she
must make peace or war according to the orders she receives
Arbuthnoi. On Aliments, c. 3.
from the Directory of assassins: in effect and substance, her Then swiftly drawing forth his trenchant blade,
You can by no culture or art extend a fennel-stalk to the crown is a fief of regicide.-Burke. Ona Regicide Peace, Let.2.
FERA'CIOUS. Lat. Ferar, acis, bearing ;
FERA'CITY. S from ferre, to bear. See
touch the rose bush.--Paley. Natural Theology, c. 26.
Bearing, producing, fruitful.
This firm Republic, that against the blast
or opposition rose; that (like an oak,
Siill stronger shoot beneath the ridged axe)
By loss, by slaughter, from the steel itself,
Ev'n force and spirit drew.-Thomson. Liberty, pt. iii. that in “ the Preface to King James's Bible, the
Such writers, instead of brillle, would say fragile, instead Windham. Speech. Army Estimates, Feb. 26, 1806. translators speak of fenowed,” i. e. vinewed or
of fruitfulness, feracily. the American war the fencible regiments received mouldy translations. Note on Shakespeare, Beallie. Elements of Moral Science, pt. iv. c. 1. s. 3. 11 her bounties for limited service, than others did un- Troilus g Cressida, Act ii. sc. 1. See Vinew. !' nited, and yet there was no complaint on the part of the
FE'RAL. Feralia ab inferis, et ferendo ; quod atter.-id. Ib. April 3, 1806.
The old moth-eaten leaden legend, and the foisty and ferunt tum epulas ad sepulcrum, quibus jus ibi
fenowed festival are yet secretly laid up in corners. FENERATION. “ Fr. Fénération, usury or
'Dr.Favour. Antiquities. Triumph over Novelty,(1619,)p. 334. parentare, (Varro, lib. v.) Vossius thinks from the practice thereof,” (Cotgrave.) Fenerator a
the Æolic accus. unpa, feram : quæ enim fera fenore est cognominatus; fenus autem dictum a
FE'OD, See FEUD.
magis effera est morte? fetu, et quasi a feturâ quâdam pecuniæ parientis
Of or appertaining to funerals; deadly.
Mars and Hercules, and I know not how many besides of crease of money."
is the old Fr. Fe; Lat. Fides ; old were deified, went this way to heaven, that were indeed To fenerate, Cockeram exp'ains,“ To put money
FE'OFFEE. and a fer, any thing granted by bloudy butchers, wicked destroyers and troublers of the
vourers, comion executioners of humane kind, as Lactantius
oain or promise of fealty or fis truly proves.- Burtun. Democritus to the Header, p. 83. And what vices therein it (the Hare) figured, that is, not delity. And to feoff ismly pusillanimity and tinidity from its tenper. Jeneration of usury from its fecundity and superfe!ation ; but, &c. To give or grant, jield, surrender or give pos- FERDNESS, i. e. fearfulness.
Ferdly is s*12 Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 17. session of, (sc.) a feud, fief or fee.
i used, Jamieson says, as fearfully.
In the Glossary of obsolete words in Wiclif's ! FE'RINE. Lat. Ferinus, from fera, ampa : T'heir courage dwells cet in a troubled flood
FE'RINENess. Nero Testament we find, ferdsul, fearful, terrible ;
- Æolic accus, for Onpa: from
of mountain spirits, and fermenting blond;
Lodg'd in the soul with virtue over-rul'd, but the reference is to Jer. xvii. Cant. vi. (which FE'RITY.
E-ELv, currere, to run, so called
Inflam'd by reason and by reason could. remain in MS.) from its speed, (says Lennep :) ab impetu fervi.
Addison. The Campctath And that innocence sikerly withouten teneun annoy diori quo ruit, (Scheidus.)
The nation is in too higli a ferment for me to expect anong shrewes safely might enhabite by protection of eale Of or pertaining to a wild beast; wild, savage, either fair war, or even fair quarter from a reader of the cocduct, so that shrewes harm for harm by bridle of ferd- ferocious.
opposite party.-Dryden. Hind & Panther, Pref. nesse shoulden restraine.---Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii.
4. The only difficulty that seems to remain, is touching At thy command the vernal sun awakes This ielousye in ful thought, euer shuld be kept for ferd- those ferine, noxious, and untameable beasts, as lions, The torpid sap, detruded to the root nes to lese his loue by miskeping thorowe his owne doing in tigers, wolves, boars, and foxes with which that continent By wintry winds; that now in fluent dance, lewdnesse, or els thus.-Id. Ib.
abounds : for it is not probable that these should be trans- And lively fermentation, mounting, spreads FERE.
All this innumerous-colour'd scene of things.
Raren. This blood, I think, my lord, must be extravasated a fellow, a companion, a mate. We as yet some- manners, would easily assimilate, at least, the next genera- by the violence of his gripes, for it is proved he drank a times say a feer in the same sense, (Somner.) Per- tion to barbarism and ferineness. -Id. 16. p. 197.
great quantity of claret, and afterwards of small-beer, which haps (says Skinner) from A. S. Far-an, ire, If he be not absolutely arrived to Arrian's απολιθωσις του
set the blood upon a fermentation, that set him a vomiting. proficisci ; (q. d.) itineris particeps; a fellow- PAKTIKOV (his practical as well as judicative faculty, quite
State Trials. Earl of Pembroke. an. 1668. traveller. quarr'd and petrified within him) to that nwpwors in the
Compound aromatical spirits destroy, first, by their ferA fellow, a mate, an associate, a companion : which,' the most crest-fal'n numness, palsie or lethargy of Gospel, that direct ferity and brutality, in comparison of
mentative heat. Secondly, &c.--Arbuthnot. Aliments, c. 5. also, company, fellowship. soul, were dignity and preferment.
But I had to do with another class of men, with holy in. Hammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 576.
quisitors of wordid minds, and sour spirits; priestly reformers, A dogter ich haue of gret prys, & noble & god al so, Y geue here the to thi wyf, &, gef thou wolt by leue here,
And though the blindness of some ferities have savaged on whose sense was noise, and religion fanaticism, and that too The thridde del my kyndom y geue to be my fere.
the bodies of the dead, and been so injurious unto worms, as fermented with the leven of earthly avariee and ambition. R. Gloucester, p. 12. to disenter the bodies of the deceased, yet had they therein
Hurd. Dial. On Sincerity in the Commerce of the World. no design upon the soul.-Brown. Vulg. Err. b. vii. c. 19. Eldol Erl of Gloucestre, as he wende in this ferhede
We can easily conceive how that high ferment, by which Toward the batail, to the kyng these wordes he seyde. They who use to eat or drink blood are apt to degenerate lightning is formed, may produce a natural phosphorus, in Id. p. 138. into ferity, and cruelty, and easiness of revenge.
the same manner as a long process by fire makes the artif. Godwyn, an Erle of Kent, met with Alfred,
Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 2. Rule 2. cial.--Warburton. Of Julian's Allempt to Rebuild the Tem.
ple, b. ii. c. 3. Him & alle his feres vntille prison tham led.
FE'RLY, n. 2 A. S. Farlic, ferlic, repentinus,
It is not a fermentative process ; for the solution begins
which Dr. Jamieson says is undoubtedly formed the order in which fermentation acts and spreads. Tyll y saw the wyth syght. from A. S. Faer, subitus, and lic, (like,) having the
Paley. Natural Theology, c. 10. Lybeaus Disconus. Ritson, vol. ii. appearance of suddenness,—i. e. of coming from
FE'RMILLET. Fr. Fermaillet,-a small buckle Kyng Richard entered without drede,
afar; for faer, subitus, is from A. S. Far-an, ire ; Hym followed ful great ferhede. and thus, ferly, (sometimes written, farly,) is
or clasp, (sc.) to hold firmly or fast. Richard Coeur de Lion. Weber, vol. ii. Any thing foreign, strange, and therefore, sur- Those stones were sustained or stayed by buckles and Por though in earth twinned be we twain, prising, wonderful; surprise, wonder.
fermillets of gold for more firmness. Yet in the felde of pitie, out of pain
Donne. History of the Sept. p. 49. That hight Elisos, shall we ben ysere
Bot I haf grete ferly, that I fynd no man,
From A. S. Fearn ; Dut. Vaeren-
R. Brunne, p. 25.
FE'RNY. S kruyd; Ger. Faren-kraut, from A. S. And right anon she for her conseil sente, Ther speres poynt ouer poynt, so sare & so pikke,
Faran; Dut. Vaeren; Ger. Fahren, to go; beAnd they ben comen, to know what she mente;
& fast togidere joynt, to se it was ferlike.- Id. p. 305. And whan assembled was this folk in fere,
cause this plant everywhere meets the traveller or She set hire doun, and sayd as ye shal here.
Many ferlics han fallen.-Piers Plouhman, p. 4.
way-faring man, (Skinner.) Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4748. - And ferliche me thynketh.-Id. p. 291.
There is a change in the bread, saith M. Harding, but not Pidelia and Speranza virgins were,
A wilde fire upon hir bodies falle,
in the accidentes thereof; ergo, in the substance. In like Tiarh spousd, yet wanting wedlock's solemnize; Wha herkned ever slike a ferly thing?
order of reason he might haue said, it is not a fearn-bushe. Bus faire Charissa to a louely feere Ye, they shall have the flour of yvel ending.
Jewell. Defence, pt. ii. p. 255. Was linked, and by him had many pledges deere.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4171.
When they far'd best, they fed on fern and brack, In which regards, she both delighted me, and also yeelderi The Earle of Marche, whence I was after earle,
Their lean shrunk bellies cleav'd up to their back. 70 small testimony of rare debonairity that nature had By just descent these two my parents were
Drayton. The Moon-Calf. endued her withal; for she would make prety meanes to her Of which the one of knighthood bare the fearle,
As still this goodly train yet every hour increas'd, nurse, and seem (as it were) to entreat her to give the brest Of womanhood the other was the pearle.
And from the Surrian shores clear Wey came down to meet pap, not onely to other infants, like herselfe, her play
Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 273. His greatness, whom the Thames so graciously doth greti, feeres, but also to little babies and puppets, and such like
That with the fern-crownd flood he minion-like doth play. gawds as little ones take joy in, and where with they ilse to FERMENT, v. Fr. Fermenter ; It. Fer
Id. Poly-Olbion, s. 17. play.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 439.
FE'RMENT, n. mentare; Sp. Fermentar ; The seeds of fern, which by prolific heat
Cheer'd, and unfolded, form a plant so great,
FERMENTATION, And sweare with me, as with the wofull feere
mentum, a fervendo, quia
Are less a thousand times than what the eye
Can, unassisted by the tube, descry.
Blackmore. Creation, b. X. Lord Junius Brutus sware for Lucrece rape,
quasi fervefacit, et attollit, turgidamque reddit ; That we will prosecute (by good aduise)
For when the herd suffis'd, did late repair
To ferney heaths, and to the forest lare,
She made a mannerly excuse to stay.
Dryden. The Hind and the Pan'hır, pt. I. FERETORY. Lat. Feretrum, (from ferre, to
of internal parts; to cause or have, an internal Else, when the flowerets of the season fail.
And this your ferny shade forsakes the vale,
Though one would save you, not one grain of wheat, Weaver says expressly that the abbat brought back with And of our silver citrination,
Should pay such songsters idling at my gate. him from Rome workmen and rich porphyry stones for Ex
Parnell. The Flies ward the Confessor's feretory; and for the pavement of the
Our cementing and fermentation.
Or, if your sheep are of Silurian breed,
Nightly to house them dry on fern or straw,
Silkening their fleeces. Dyer, The Fleece, b. i. body in a costly ferelry, translating it from its pristine place. thence, then it is for greatnesse, and goodnesse, when they Pennani. London, p. 84.
Sift then yourself, I say, and sist again ; both meet together upon an honest heart, to draw up boly Glean the pernicious tares from out the grain ; FERIE, n. Lat. Feriæ (Vossius) was ori.
desires of gratulation.-Bp. Hall. A Sermon, 29 Jan 1625. And ask thiy heart, if custom, Nature's heir, FE'RIAL. ginally Fesive, for which
Hath sown no undiscover'd fern-seed there. see
To which I add, (4.) That the familiar doth not only suck
Smart. The Horatian Canons of Friendship.
the witch, but in the action infuseth some poisonous ferment
into her, which gives her imagination and spirits a magical Wiclif says,-" Ferics, Lat. feasts, holydays. Levit. tincture, whereby they become mischievously influential;
FEROCIOUS. Fr. Féroce; It. Feroce ; xiii. fairs." and the word venefica intimates some such matter.
FERO'CIOUSNESS. Sp. Feroz ; Lat. Feror. See
Glanvill, Ess. 6. Fero'city. They did learn to dance, and to sing, and to play on in
FIERCE. struments on the serial days.-Dugdale. Orig. Judic. c. 55. That containing little salt or spirit, they (cucumbers]
Fierce, savage, ravenous. may also debilitate the vital acidity and fermental faculty of Why should the Christian church have lesse power than the stonnack, we readily concede.
The lyon, a fierce and ferocious animal, hath yonng ones the Jewish synagogue! here was not a meere feriation, but
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. il. c.7.
but seldome, and but one at a time, o feasting ; they must appeare before God cum muneribus with gifts. --Bp. Hall. The Poole of Bethesda, Some used to put thereunto (the juice out of mulberries]
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 16. myrrhe and cypresse, setting all to frie and take their fer. Brown has words still more extraordinary, as feriation,
Though they seem tame beasts and may admit a while to mentation in the sun, untill it grew to hardnesse in the fore- be plaid with; yet on a soddain, and when we think not for keeping holiday, dedentition, for falling the teeth, &c.
said vessell. stirring it thrice a day with a spatula. Beallie. Moral Science, pt. iv. c. I. s. 3.
on't, they will return to their natural deceit and ferocity, Holland. Plinie, b. xxiii c. 17
Fellkan, pt. li. Ries 74,